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2019版高三英语一轮复习第1部分基础知识解读课时提能练8Unit5RhythmB北师大版必修220180411155

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Unit 5
Ⅰ.阅读理解 (2017·合肥市 2018 届高三调研性检测)

Rhythm(B)

Social networks are a big part of nearly every teenager's life in this day and age.Many teens have QQ,WeChat,or Weibo but little do a lot of teens know that they can be held responsible for everything they post for the rest of their lives.Everything you post online is part of a digital footprint that can always be traced (追踪)back to you.That includes every post, even every like, comment, favorite and forward that you have ever committed.All pictures you've posted or will post have been stored in a digital database,and it is the companies' right to keep all of these documents that you believe to have been deleted or hidden. With every post comes a consequence;whether it is good or bad,what you post could be seen by anyone.That is why you have to be very careful of what you decide to post or comment. If you think you are safe from Servite finding out about one funny comment you made six months ago on a meaningless picture,you are probably wrong.Recently,a senior, Aaron, at Servite learned this lesson the hard way this year.He wrote a series of ugly comments towards Connelly girls on a web page , ignoring potential consequences. This student,however,did have to face consequences from Servite as he was removed from all of his leadership roles in the school.Surprisingly enough,he fully agreed with his punishment handed down by the administration and fully understood why he was given such severe discipline(处罚).“When you agree to come to Servite, you are agreeing to defend what Servite stands for , ” the young man said. “That continues from 8 am to 2 pm.It's at all times.” So,next time you're about to post something you think could be received as offensive or inappropriate,think twice,or don't press the “Send” . 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇议论文。当下很多青少年拥有微信、QQ、微博等网络社交工具, 但是他们很多人都不知道要对自己所发布的内容负责。 文章通过一名高中生的事例说明, 在 网上发布信息应当慎重。

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1.What does the author think the teens should do in the first paragraph? A.Avoid using social media. B.Remove their own digital documents. C.Be responsible for what they put online. D.Learn to balance their online and offline time. C [考查细节理解。根据第一段第二句“Many teens have QQ,WeChat,or Weibo but

little do a lot of teens know that they can be held responsible for everything they post for the rest of their lives”可知,很多青少年都有 QQ、微信或微博, 但很多人都不知道, 他们应当对自己在网上发布的任何信息负责; 据此可知, 作者认为, 青少年应当对他们发布在网上的信息负责,故 C 项正确。] 2.What mistake did Aaron make online? A.Drawing some meaningless pictures. B.Making some bad comments. C.Failing to take his lesson. D.Breaking down a special web page. B [考查细节理解。根据第三段尾句“He wrote a series of ugly comments towards

Connelly girls on a web page , ignoring potential consequences ”可知, Aaron 在一个网页上写了一系列针对康纳利女孩的难听的评论。故 B 项正确。] 3.What did Servite do with Aaron's case? A.It reached an agreement with Connelly girls. B.It helped Aaron get rid of ill effects. C.It gave Aaron a severe punishment. D.It stood on Aaron's side. C 考查细节理解。根据第四段第二句中的“he was given such severe discipline(处

罚)”可知,由于在网站上的不负责行为,他在学校受到了严重处罚,故 C 项正确。 4.For whom is the text probably intended? A.Teenagers. B.Teachers. C.Parents. D.Network engineers. A [考查推理判断。 通读全文内容可知, 本文第一段第一句 “Social networks are a big

part of nearly every teenager's life in this day and age.Many teens have QQ,

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WeChat, or Weibo but little do a lot of teens know that they can be held responsible for everything they post for the rest of their lives”为文章主旨句;结合下文 内容可知,本文主要论述了青少年应当对自己在网上发布的任何信息负责的问题,据此 可以判断,本文的阅读对象是青少年,故 A 项正确。] Ⅱ.阅读七选五 (2017·辽宁大连双基测试)Of all the things that can be stolen from you—your possessions, your youth, your health, your words, your rights—what no one can ever take from you is... ●How you feel about yourself. It takes a long time to learn how to NOT judge yourself through someone else's eyes. 1 ●Your attitude towards life. The last of your freedom is to choose your attitude in any given circumstance.Choose to be happy and positive.It is not always easy to find happiness in ourselves, but it is always impossible to find it elsewhere. 2 ● 3

The measure of your life will not be in what you accumulate, but in what you give away.And 99 percent of the time you get what you put in, so give freely.If you want to be happy, make those around you happy. ●Your knowledge and life experiences. Character and wisdom are formed over time. 4 Your best stories will come from

overcoming your greatest struggles.So keep standing, keep learning, and keep living. ●Your choice to move on enthusiastically. 5 Don't let someone or something that didn't make it in your life continue

to hurt you.Learn the lesson, forget the pain, and move on. A.Your attitude towards yourself. B.Your ability to spread love and kindness. C.They come with losses, lessons, and successes. D.But once you do, the world is yours for the taking. E.So smile all the way and walk away from negative people. F.Don't let past relationships and old mistakes ruin your future. G.Holding your uniqueness in high regard is necessary to success.

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【语篇解读】 本文介绍了五种任何人从你身上都拿不走的东西。 1.D [根据本段主题句“How you feel about yourself.”可知,本段主要阐述“人们对

自我的一个测评(认知)”;空前说“学会不用他人的眼光来看自己需要很长时间”,紧 接着空处应起承上作用,故选 D,表示“但是你一旦这么做了,世界都随之属于你”。] 2.E [根据本段主题句“Your attitude towards life.”可知,本段主要阐述“你对生活

的态度”,结合空前一句可知,选 E 项“一直微笑并远离那些消极的人”。] 3.B [此处为本段的主题句。根据下文内容“生活的长度不在于你拥有多少,而在于你给

予他人多少”可推出,本段的中心是“你传递爱与善良的能力”。故选 B。] 4.C [此处选上下文衔接句。空前讲“你的品质和智慧都是随着时间而形成的”,空后说

“克服最大的苦难你就会过得精彩”,由此可推断出,空处选 C 项“它们的形成伴随着 失败、教训及成功”,起承上启下的作用。] 5. F [根据本段主题句和下文“Don't let...Learn the lesson, forget the pain, and move

on.”可推断,空处选 F 项“不要让过去的关系和错误毁掉你的未来”。] 【导学号:33220148】 Ⅲ.语法填空 (2017·青岛检测) Seeing the Great Wall The Great Wall 1 (snake) more than 6,000 kilometers.First built to keep out

invaders, it is now a popular tourist 2 (attract). Badaling is the most famous of the five sections 3 lie near Beijing and can

be accessed 4 (easy).About two hours away by bus lies Jinshanling.This well? preserved section of the wall has not been repaired since 1570! If you're looking for a 5 (peace) walk and amazing views, this is the spot 6 (visit).About six kilometers from Jiayuguan City in Gansu Province, you can visit Jiayuguan.It was the starting place for the section of the Great Wall 7 (build) during the Ming Dynasty.This pass is the best preserved 8 the Great Wall military forts (军事

要塞).The eastern end of the Great Wall is Shanhaiguan in Hebei Province.The east tower of the Shanhai Pass is called the First Pass Under Heaven.Stand near the tower to see the roaring sea on one side and the Great Wall on the 9 . Wherever you choose to visit the Great Wall, you will be 10 (amaze).It is like no other structure on Earth. 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了旅游胜地长城的主要关口及其特色。

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1.snakes

[考查动词的时态和主谓一致。此处 snake 用作动词,意为“蜿蜒前行,迂回前

进”;由全文时态为一般现在时可知,此处也用一般现在时;主语 The Great Wall 为第 三人称单数。故填 snakes。] 2 . attraction [ 考查词性转换。 attract 是动词,意为“吸引”,名词短语 tourist

attraction 意为“旅游胜地”,故填 attraction。] 3.which/that [考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,空格处引导定语从句,指代先行词

five sections,并在从句中作主语。故填 which/that。] 4. easily [考查词性转换。 easy 是形容词, 此处应用其副词形式作状语, 修饰动词 access。

故填 easily。] 5.peaceful [考查词性转换。根据语境和空格前面的不定冠词 a 可知,walk 是名词,表

示“步行”,所以前面应用形容词 peaceful(意为“安静的”)作定语,修饰名词 walk。 故填 peaceful。] 6.to visit [考查非谓语动词。句意:如果你在寻找一个可以在那里漫步并拥有迷人景色

的地方,那这里就是值得你一游的地点。此处用动词不定式作后置定语,修饰前面的名 词 spot。故填 to visit。] 7.built [考查非谓语动词。build 与 the section of the Great Wall 之间是被动关系,

再根据表示过去的时间状语“during the Ming Dynasty”可知,应用过去分词形式作后 置定语,表被动和完成。故填 built。] 8.of/among [考查介词。根据空格前面的最高级 best 可知,应用介词 of 或 among 表示和

最高级连用的范围,表达“这个关口是长城军事要塞中保存得最完好的 ”。故填 of/among。] 9. other [考查代词。 句意: 站在塔旁, 一边是呼啸的大海, 另一边是长城。 on one side...on

the other (side)意为“在一边……在另一边”。故填 other。] 10.amazed [考查词性转换。amaze 是动词,意为“使惊奇”,其过去分词 amazed 用作形

容词,表示“惊奇的,吃惊的”,指人的心理状态,符合语境。句意:不管你选择游览 哪里的长城,你都会感到惊奇。故填 amazed。] 【导学号:33220149】 Ⅳ.短文改错 (2017·云南第二次检测)My dad is enthusiastic runner.Influencing by him, I was very sporty before the age of 15.However, after I went to high school, I stopped take physical exercise because of my busy schoolwork.One morning, I ran for less than one minute to catch a bus, but I am quite out of breath.This made me to realize

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that I was overweight.Then I made a decision which I would take up a sport to help myself get in shape again.A friend of me recommended a swimming pool not far from my house.Now I go swimming several time a week and have started to feel the benefits of regularly exercise.Swimming makes me relaxing and energetic! 【答案】 Influencing ∧ My dad is an enthusiastic runner. by him, I was very sporty before Influenced the age of 15.However, after I went to high school, I stopped take physical taking

exercise because of my busy schoolwork.One morning, I ran for less than one minute to catch a bus, but I am quite out of breath.This made me t ﹨ o realize that I was was which I would take up a sport to help myself get that

overweight.Then I made a decision

in shape again.A friend of m ﹨ e mine recommended a swimming pool not far from my house.Now I go swimming several of time a week and have started to feel the benefits times

regularly relaxing exercise.Swimming makes me and energetic! regular relaxed

第一处: is 后加 an 考查冠词。 句意: 我爸爸是一位充满热情的跑步者。 此处泛指“一位”, 且 enthusiastic 的读音以元音音素开头,因此其前应用不定冠词 an 修饰。 第二处:Influencing→Influenced 考查非谓语动词。句子的主语“I”和“influence”

之间为动宾关系,因此应用过去分词形式作原因状语。 第三处:take→taking 考查非谓语动词。stop doing sth.为固定搭配,意为“停止做某 事”。 第四处:am→was 考查动词的时态。根据前面的“ran”可知,此处也应用一般过去时。故 将 am 改为 was。 第五处:删去 to 考查固定搭配。make sb./sth.do sth.为固定搭配,意为“使……做某 事”。 第六处:which→that 考查同位语从句。根据句子结构和内容可知,decision 后的从句是 说明 decision 的具体内容,是对 decision 进行解释说明,该从句句意和成分均完 整,故应用连词 that 引导同位语从句。 第七处: me→mine 考查代词。 这是双重属格结构, a friend of mine 相当于“my friend”, of 后面应用名词性物主代词。故将 me 改为 mine。

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第八处:time→times

考查名词复数。time 作“次数”讲时,是可数名词。根据前面的

“several”可知,此处表示“几次”。故应用 time 复数形式 times。 第九处:regularly→regular 考查形容词。修饰名词 exercise 应用形容词,而不是副词。 第十处: relaxing→relaxed 故用 relaxed。 专查非谓语动词。 表示人的状态时应用过去分词化的形容词。

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