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【全程复习方略】安徽省高中英语 素能提升演练(三) 北师大版必修1

素能提升演练(三) 必修 1
Ⅰ.选词填空 celebration, tradition, invitation, graduation, decorations, apply, serve, occasion, power, mess 1. The failure to find a satisfactory job after ________ pushed Liu Qian to take up magic as a career. 2. In many countries young people still keep up the _______ that women will get married in a long white dress. 3. We should not only know the theory but also know how to _______ it to practice. 4. The hotel had a grand _________ for its opening. 5. She may be offended if you don’t reply to her _________ to attend the party. 6. The house was in a _______ after the party was over. 7. They are putting up _________ for the festival. 8. We must _______ the people heart and soul. 9. Though we are close friends, I only call on him on ______. 10. After all, my personal ______ is nothing compared with the power of the state. Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. He wants to see changes in the company and I am sure he will, ______. A. on time C. at one time B. at a time D. in time

Unit 3

2. My sister, Alison, and I sat down in front of the fire and wrote a letter to Father Christmas ______him about all the presents we wanted. A. telling B. told

C. to tell

D. was telling

3. Yesterday the teachers and students held a grand meeting ____ the 60th anniversary of our school. A. in recognition of C. in celebration of B. in honour of D. in possession of

4. [2012 芜湖模拟]—You don’t go to that supermarket quite often, do you? —No, I only go there ______because it’s too far away from my house. A. eventually C. occasionally B. constantly D. frequently

5. [2012 西安模拟]Many countries are increasing their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of _____. A. power B. force C. energy D. strength

6. [2012 唐山模拟]Plastic bags are provided for our convenience but they have also _____ the pollution of the environment. A. adapted to C. contributed to B. turned to D. looked forward to

7. [2012 连云港模拟]Almost all the houses in the city were destroyed: a sharp earthquake was said to _____ here a few days ago. A. happen C. have happened B. having happened D. happening

8. Oil from the engines should float on the water surface ______everything else sinks in the river. A. as if C. even if B. in that D. in case

9. [2012 郑州模拟]It is difficult for us to _____a conversation with all this noise around us. A. carry on C. bring up B. account for D. get across

10. —We have the seventh edition of this dictionary and it sells well. —That’s great. What’s the price? I’d like ______ one. A. getting C. to get B. having got D. to have got

11. Though the accident happened in the daytime, the witnesses were very difficult ______ . A. to be found C. finding B. to find D. being found

12. Institutions of higher education _____ two major sources of income to keep them functioning: tuition from students and funds from the country. A. refer to C. depend on B. stick to D. deal with

13. That company has a vacant position for a designer and I have already _____ it. A. stood for C. applied for B. accounted for D. fought for

14. Although he is doing a good job and earns a salary of 8, 000 yuan a month, he doesn’t have enough time to ______ his old parents. A. attend to C. refer to B. lead to D. devote to

15. We have ______a lot of posters to remind students of protecting our environment. A. built up B. put up

C. taken up Ⅲ. 阅读理解

D. held up

[2012 南通模拟] A friend of mine, in response to a conversation we were having about the injustices of life, asked me the question, “Who said life was going to be fair, or that it was even meant to be fair? ” Her question was a good one. It reminded me of something I was taught as a youngster: Life isn’t fair. It’s disappointing, but it’s absolutely true. One of the mistakes many of us make is that we feel sorry for ourselves, or for others, thinking that life should be fair, or that someday it will be. It’s not and it won’t. One of the nice things about surrendering (屈从) to the fact that life isn’t fair is that it keeps us from feeling sorry for ourselves by encouraging us to do the very best we can with what we have. We know it’s not “life’s job” to make everything perfect, it’s our own challenge. Surrendering to this fact also keeps us from feeling sorry for others because we are reminded that everyone is dealt a different hand; everyone has unique strengths and problems in the process of growing up, facing the reality and making decisions; and everyone has those times that they feel victimized or unfairly treated. The fact that life isn’t fair doesn’t mean we shouldn’t do everything in our power to improve our own lives or the world as a whole. On the contrary, it suggests that we should. When we don’t recognize or admit that life isn’t fair, we tend to feel pity for others and for ourselves. Pity, of course, is a self-defeating emotion that does nothing for anyone, except to make everyone feel worse than they already do. When we do recognize that life isn’t fair, however, we feel compassion (热情) for others and for ourselves. And compassion is a heartfelt emotion that delivers loving-kindness to everyone it touches. The next time you find yourself thinking about the injustices of the world, try reminding yourself of this very basic fact. You may be surprised that it can persuade you out of self-pity and into helpful action. 1. The writer thought of his friend’s question as a good one because ______.

A. he also wanted to know who held such an opinion B. it made him recall something during his childhood C. like his friend, he also thought life was unfair D. he learned something from the question as a youngster 2. Surrendering to the fact that life isn’t fair will ______. A. keep us from making everything perfect B. keep us from doing everything in our power C. make us face unfair treatment bravely D. make us know it’s our duty to perfect things 3. The second paragraph of the passage mainly tells us that ______. A. it’s nice to accept the injustice of life B. it’s nice to surrender to the life C. we should not surrender to the life D. we should not feel sorry for everything 4. In the last paragraph, the underlined phrase “this very basic fact” refers to the fact that ______. A. you should not pity for others B. life isn’t and won’t be fair C. compassion is heartfelt emotion D. pity is a self-defeating emotion Ⅳ. 任务型读写 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

Simple living doesn’t mean that you give up your job and start living in the countryside, but it means that we spend our time, energy and efforts on important things in life. It can be good for us in some ways. Firstly, simple living can keep your mind peaceful. It makes sure that unnecessary things are out of your life and you concentrate on the real factors that affect the quality of life. Through simple living you can see the positive side of life and won’t feel jealous and greedy. Secondly, simple living can make you have time for your loved ones. Most of us become so busy in our lives that we forget to spend time with our dear ones. People who believe in simple living value the time spent with their loved ones. Thirdly, simple living is helpful in the improvement of health. By choosing to be simple, you feel less stressed in daily life. Simple living gives you a new view on things and helps you join in creative activities. It allows you to devote some time to recreational activities, physical exercises, etc, which help you in leading a healthy life. Fourthly, living simply allows you to have time to look back on the precious moments in your life. It makes you aware of your strengths and weaknesses. People who aimlessly pursue materialistic pleasure are often not sure what they exactly want from life. They never have time to analyze themselves. Simple living helps you stay happy with what life has offered you and helps in creating positivity in your life. Lastly, reducing your expenses can make sure that you’re doing your bit for the protection of the environment. If all of us reduce our daily expenses on electricity, fuels, etc. , we’ll be able to stop the degradation of the environment.

(1) _______ of simple living

Paragraph outlines

Supporting details

◆Making you concentrate on the real factors that affect the Giving you (2) _____of mind quality of life ◆Making you see the positive side of life and avoid bad feelings like jealousy and greediness

◆Making you free to stay with your loved ones and (3) ______ Making you have time for your loved ones ◆Making you value the time spent with your loved ones warmth and love

◆It can reduce your (5) ______. ◆It can give you a new view on things. ◆It can help you lead a healthy life by (6) _______ yourself to creative activities like recreational activities, physical exercises, etc.

Helping you in (4) ______ health

◆Making you know your (8) _____and weak points ◆Making you know what you exactly want from life Reminding you of your ◆Giving you time to analyze yourself (7) _____ times of life ◆Giving you sense of (9) ______and helping in creating positivity in your life

It can (10) _____the environment from becoming bad by reducing Helping protect the environment the use of electricity, fuels, etc.

答案解析 Ⅰ.1. graduation 2. tradition 3. apply 4. celebration 5. invitation

6. mess

7. decorations 8. serve

9. occasion.

10. power

Ⅱ. 1.【解析】选 D。句意:他希望看到公司的变化,我确信他迟早会看到的。in time 迟早,终于;on time 按时;at a time 一次;at one time 曾经。 2.【解析】选 A。句意: 我的姐姐艾莉森和我坐在炉火前, 给圣诞老人写信, 告诉他我们想要的礼物。根 据句意可知, telling him about all the presents we wanted 是现在分词短语作伴随状语。 3.【解析】选 C。句意:昨天老师和学生举办了一次盛会来祝贺学校建校六十周年。 in celebration of 为祝贺……;in recognition of 对……的赏识;in honour of 向……表示敬意;in possession of 拥 有……。 4.【解析】选 C。考查副词辨析。句意:——你不太经常去那家超市,对吗?——是的,我只是偶尔去那 儿,因为它离我家太远。eventually 最后,终于;constantly 不断地;occasionally 偶尔;frequently 频繁地。根据句意选 C。 5.【解析】 选 C。考查名词辨析。 句意:许多国家正在增加对天然气、 风能和其他形式的能量的使用。power 权力;force 力;暴力;energy 能源;strength 力量;长处。只有 C 符合句意。 6.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:塑料袋为我们提供方便,但是它们也造成了环境污染。adapt to 适应;turn to 转向;求助于;contribute to 促使;有助于;look forward to 期待,期望。根据句 意选 C。 7.【解析】选 C。考查固定句式。句意:这个城市的几乎所有的房屋都被破坏掉了:据说几天前这儿发生 了一次强震。 “sb. /sth. be said to do” 为固定句式,意为“据说……”,排除 B、D;又因 happen 表示的动作明显地发生在主句谓语表示的动作之前,要用其完成时态,排除 A,故选 C。 8.【解析】选 C。考查短语辨析。句意:来自机器的油会漂浮在水表面上,即使其他一切东西都沉没在河 流中。as if 好像;in that 因为;even if 即使;in case 以防;万一。只有 C 符合句意。 9.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意:我们周围有噪音,我们难以继续我们的谈话。carry on 继续; account for 对……作出解释;bring up 教育;培养;get across 使……被理解。根据句意选 A。 10.【解析】选 C。考查固定句式。句意:——我们有这种字典的第七版,它卖得很好。——太好了。价格 是多少?我愿意买一本。“would like to do”为固定句式,意为“愿意做某事”,排除 A、B;而 would like to have done 表示“本来愿意做某事而其实没做”,显然不合句意,排除 D,故选 C。

11.【解析】选 B。考查固定句式。句意:尽管事故发生在白天,但很难找到目击者。“主语+ be +形容词 +不定式”为固定句式。该句式中,在后面作状语修饰前面作表语的形容词的动词不定式要用主动形式表 被动含义,故选 B。 【变式备选】 Mr. Smith is very popular with us because he is easy _____ . A. to be getting along C. to get along with B. to be got along with D. to get along

【解析】选 C。考查固定句式。句意:史密斯先生很受我们欢迎,因为他容易相处。“主语+ be +形容词+ 不定式”为固定句式。该句式中,在后面作状语修饰前面作表语的形容词的动词不定式要用主动形式表被 动含义,排除 B;又因不定式与句子的主语 he 存在动宾关系,所以要保留 get along with 中的介词 with, 排除 A、D,故选 C。 12.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:高校依靠两个主要收入来源以保持运转:学生的学费和国家 的资金。refer to 指的是;stick to 坚持;depend on 依靠;deal with 处理。只有 C 符合句意。 13.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:那家公司有一个设计师的职位空缺,我已经申请这份工作了。 stand for 代表;account for 对……作出解释;apply for 申请;fight for 为……而奋斗。只有 C 符合 句意。 14.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意:虽然他有一份好工作,月工资 8 000 元,但他没有足够的时 间照料他年老的父母。 attend to 照料; lead to 导致; refer to 提及; 查阅; devote to 将……奉献给……。 根据句意选 A。 15.【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:我们已经贴出了很多海报以提醒学生保护环境。build up 增进,加强;put up 张贴;take up 开始从事;占据;hold up 举起;阻挡。根据句意选 B。 Ⅲ. 1. 【解析】选 C。推理判断题。根据第一段中的“It reminded me of something I was taught as a youngster: Life isn’t fair. It’s disappointing, but it’s absolutely true. ”可知 C 项正确。 和他的朋友一样,作者年轻时也认为生活是不公平的。B 项 during his childhood 与 as a youngster 表 示的时间有差别。 2. 【解析】 选 D。 推理判断题。 根据第二段中的 “We know it’s not ‘life’s job’ to make everything

perfect, it’s our own challenge. (我们知道让每件事情完美并不是“生活的使命”,而是我们自己 对生活的挑战。)” 和第三段中的 “The fact that life isn’t fair doesn’t mean we shouldn’t do everything in our power to improve our own lives or the world as a whole. On the contrary, it suggests that we should. (承认生活并不公平这一事实并不意味着我们不必尽己所能去改善生活,去改 进整个世界。恰恰相反,它正表明我们应该这样做。)”可知 D 项正确。 3.【解析】选 A。推理判断题。承认生活并不公平这一事实的一个好处便是它激励我们去尽己所能,而不 再自我感伤。我们知道让每件事情完美并不是“生活的使命”,而是我们自己对生活的挑战。承认这一事 实也会让我们不再为他人遗憾。 因此第二段是说“承认生活的不公平是件好事。” 4.【解析】选 B。词义猜测题。以后等你发现自己在思考世界上的种种不公正时,要提醒自己这一基本的 事实(this very basic fact)。而这一基本的事实就是第一段、第二段和第三段作者反复说的“生活是不 公平的,现在是,将来也是”。 Ⅳ. 1. Significance/Importance/Advantages/Meaning/Benefits/Value 3. experience/appreciate/enjoy/have/gain/win/get 4. improving 5. stress 6. devoting/throwing 2. peace

7. precious/valuable/rare/unforgettable/memorable 8. strong 9. satisfaction/content/contentment/happiness 10. prevent/stop/keep


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