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2016高考英语(通用版)二轮复习+第一部分+专题四语法填空和短文改错第三讲九专题针对训练+Word版含答案


[专项训练] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015· 高考陕西卷改编)I believe you will have a wonderful time here ____________you get to know everyone else. 解析:句意:一旦/如果你认识了这里的其他所有人,我相信你会在这里玩得很愉快的。根据句中的关 键信息 you will have a wonderful time 可知填 once“一旦”,引导时间状语从句;也可填 if 引导条件状语从 句。 答案:once/if 2.(2014· 高考陕西卷改编)The young couple,who returned my lost wallet,left ____________I could ask for their names. 解析:句意:那对年轻夫妻归还了我丢了的钱包,我还没来得及问他们的名字他们就走了。根据空后 的 I could ask for their names 可知,我还没问他们的名字他们就走了,所以此空应该填 before(在??之前, 还没来得及??就??)。 答案:before 3.(2015· 福建福州市期末质检改编)Sorry to have kept you waiting so long,but it’ll still be some time ____________Mr.Smith is available. 解析:句意:抱歉让你等了这么久,不过还要过一会儿史密斯先生才有空。本题的句型为 It will be+ 一段时间+before...意为“要过多久才??”。 答案:before 4.(北京高考改编)I took my driving license with me on holiday,_____________I wanted to hire a car. 解析:句意:我在度假时随身带着驾照,以防自己需要租车。由句意可知,此处应用 in case 或 if 引导 条件状语从句,表示“如果,假使,万一”。 答案:in case/if 5.I don’t really like the author,____________ I have to admit his books are very exciting. 解析:句意:虽然我不得不承认这位作家的书让人非常振奋,但我非常不喜欢他。although/though 意 为“虽然,尽管”,引导让步状语从句,符合句意。或者填 but,则句意为:我非常不喜欢这位作家,但 我不得不承认他的书让人非常振奋。 答案:although/though/ but
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6.(2015· 安徽马鞍山质检改编)Trust is needed in the whole society,which requires parents to obey their own rules and set a good example____________children can trust them. 解析:句意:整个社会都需要信任,这要求父母遵守自己的规则,树立一个好榜样,这样孩子才可以 信任他们。根据句意,设空处引导结果状语从句,可用 so that 或 in order that 引导。 答案:so that/ in order that 7.Mark needs to learn Chinese_____________his company is opening a branch in Beijing. 解析: 句意: 迈克需要学汉语, 因为他的公司在北京开了一个分公司。 根据句意可知, 设空处表示“因 为,由于”,引导原因状语从句,故填 since/now that/as/because。 答案:since/ now that/as /because 8.A number of high buildings have arisen____________there was nothing a year ago but ruins. 解析:句意:许多高楼在一年前曾经是废墟的地方拔地而起。arise 后要接地点状语,所以用 where 来 引导地点状语从句。 答案:where 9.I really can’t remember how the tune goes,_____________I’ll recognize it when I hear it. 解析:句意:我真的记不起来那个曲子是怎么唱的,但是我一听到它就会辨认出来。根据句意可知, 前后两句为转折关系,故填 but。 答案:but 10.Mrs.Black had such a wonderful time ____________she visited her friends in Sydney last year. 解析: 句意: 布莱克夫人去年在悉尼看望她的朋友时过得很愉快。 根据句意可知, 设空处表示“当?? 时候”,引导时间状语从句。从句谓语动词 visited 为延续性动词,故可用 when 或 while 引导该状语从句。 答案:when/while 11.I was about to give up my effort to solve the problem ____________a good idea struck me. 解析:句意:我正要放弃努力不再解决这个问题,就在这时我突然想出一个好主意。be about to do...when...意为“正要做??突然??”,为固定句型。 答案:when 12.A man can fail many times,but he isn’t a failure ____________he begins to blame somebody else. 解析:句意:一个人可以失败许多次,但是只要他没有开始责怪别人,他还不算是一个失败者。unless 引导条件状语从句,意为“除非”,符合句意。 答案:unless
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13.—Darling,hand me the new suit.My coat may be a little casual for the lecture. —Why bother?I think you can go ____________you are. 解析:句意:——亲爱的,递给我那套新西服。我这衣服参加讲座可能有点儿随便。——何必呢?我 认为你这样就能去。as 引导方式状语从句,意为“正如;按照”。 答案:as 14.Phones are such an important part of communications between persons ____________they have even influenced our friendships. 解析:句意:手机是人们交往中如此重要的一部分以至于它们甚至影响了我们的友谊。此处应填 that, such...that...结构引导结果状语从句。 答案:that 15.What Mr.Smith says sounds reasonable to me.That’s why I have made up my mind to stay with him ____________happens. 解析:句意:我觉得史密斯先生所说的很有道理,那就是为什么我下定决心无论发生什么事,都要和 他在一起。结合句意可知,此处是让步状语从句,引导词用 whatever 与 no matter what 均可。 答案:whatever/no matter what Ⅱ.单句改错 1.(2015· 高考全国卷Ⅱ· 短文改错)He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:这里 so...that...引导结果状语从句,表示“如此??以至于??”,因此不用 very。 答案:去掉 very 2. (2015· 高考四川卷· 短文改错)In fact, I don’ t like to go anymore, so I’ m afraid I’ ll lose their friendship. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:事实上,我不喜欢再去那里, “但是”又害怕失去他们的友谊。此处表示转折,因此要用 but。 答案:so—but 3. (2015· 高考浙江卷· 短文改错)If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom, I will never forget it. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:此处并不存在条件关系,而是表示让步,所以应将 If 改为 Although 或 Though。 答案:If—Although/Though

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4.(2015· 高考陕西卷· 短文改错)My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我惟一的错误是当我在把它们打包起来时,一些(饼干)掉到了地板上。用 when/while 引 导时间状语从句,表示“当??时候”。 答案:after—when/while 5.Although I accept that Tom is not perfect in many respects,but I do actually quite like the man. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:尽管我同意汤姆在很多方面不够完美,但事实上我的确相当喜欢这个人。although 引导 让步状语从句时,不能与 but 连用。 答案:去掉 but 6.I thought her nice and honest for the first time I met her. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我第一次见她时,认为她很美很诚实。for the first time 为介词短语,单独作状语,the first time 为连词,引导时间状语从句。 答案:去掉 for 7.—Did you receive the letter the next day? —No.Somehow,it was three weeks since I received it. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——第二天你收到那封信了吗?——没有。不知怎么地,过了三周我才收到它。it was +一段时间+before...意为“过了多久才??”。 答案:since—before 8.Unless you have any questions,please don’t hesitate to contact me. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:如果你有任何问题的话,请不要犹豫,一定要联系我。根据句子的意思可知应用 if,意 为“如果”。而 unless 意为“如果不”,不符合句意。 答案:Unless—If 9.—Mom,can I go out and play with my friends now? —No,honey,you can’t if you haven’t recovered from the knee injury.
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________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——妈妈,我现在能和朋友出去玩吗?——不,亲爱的,你不能,因为你膝盖的伤还没 有恢复。前后两句表原因,因此用 because/as/since 引导原因状语从句。 答案:if—because/as/since 10.How long do you suppose it is when he arrived and began to work here? ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:你认为他来这里开始工作有多久了?“it is+时间段+ since...”为固定句型,表示“从 过去(某时发生)到现在为止(多长时间了)”。 答案:when—since 11.Some of my workmates prefer to send to our QQ group whichever news they’ve got. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我的一些同事无论看到什么新闻都喜欢发在 QQ 群里。whatever 意为“无论什么”,相 当于 no matter what 引导让步状语从句。 答案:whichever—whatever 12.What it is happiness or sorrow,it would finally become memories of life. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:无论快乐与悲伤,终将成为人生的回忆。whether...or...无论??还是??。 答案:What—Whether 13. I have kept that photo that I can see it every day, as it always reminds me of the happy days in New York. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我已经把那张照片放在了我每天都能看到的地方,因为它总是会让我想起在纽约那段快 乐的时光。根据语境可知此处表达的应该是放照片的位置,故用 where 引导地点状语从句。 答案:第二个 that—where 14.One important aim of our school is to prepare us for the future such that we can face all the challenges with confidence. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我们学校的主要目的之一就是让我们为将来做好准备以便我们能够充满信心地应对所有 的挑战。考查目的状语从句。so that=in order that 为了。 答案:such—so
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15.Whatever hard one may work,one cannot master a foreign language in a year or two. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析: 句意: 不管一个人有多努力, 他也不可能在一两年内掌握一门外语。 根据语境和空后的副词 hard 可知空格处所要表达的意思是“无论/不管多么??”,故用 However。 答案:Whatever—However [高考模拟] Ⅰ.语法填空 (2015· 吉林长春普通高中第二次质量监测)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号 内单词的正确形式。 A man went to a barbershop to have his hair cut.As the barber began to work,they started chatting.They talked 1.____________ so many things and various subjects.When they 2.____________ (final)touched on the subject of God,the barber said: “I don’t believe that God exists.” “Why do you say that?” asked the customer. “Well,you just have to go out in 3.____________ street to prove that.Tell me,if God existed,would there be so many sick people?Would there be abandoned children?If God existed,there 4.____________ be neither suffering nor pain.I can’t imagine 5.____________ (love) a God who would allow all of these things to happen.” The customer thought for a moment, but didn’ t respond because he didn’ t want to start an 6.____________ (argue).After everything 7.____________ (do) and just after he left the barber’s,he saw a man in the street with long dirty hair.The customer entered the barber’s again and said: “You know what?8.____________ do not exist.” “ How can you say that?” asked the surprised barber.“I am here,and I am a barber.And I just 9.____________ (work) on you!” “No!” the customer said.“ Barbers don’t exist because 10.____________ they did,there would be no people with long dirty hair,like that man outside.” 【解题导语】 本文是一个小故事,讲述的是一位男士到理发店去理发,和理发师聊起了上帝是否存 在的话题。 1.解析:考查介词。talk about sth.表示“讨论某事”。 答案:about 2.解析:考查副词。修饰动词 touched 应用 final 的副词形式。
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答案:finally 3.解析:考查冠词。in the street 表示“在街上”。 答案:the 4.解析:考查情态动词。本句是 if 引导的虚拟语气,与现在的事实相反,从句用一般过去时,主句 应用 would/could/might/should+动词原形。 答案:would/should/could/might 5.解析:考查非谓语动词。imagine doing sth.“想象做某事”。 答案:loving 6.解析:考查名词。根据前面的不定冠词 an 可知,这儿需要用名词形式。 答案:argument 7.解析:考查动词的时态和语态。由后面的 left 可知,应用一般过去时;又因 do 和 everything 是动 宾关系,故应用被动语态。 答案:was done 8.解析:考查语境理解。根据下文理发师说的话可知,这里是在说“理发师是不存在的”。 答案:Barbers 9.解析:考查动词的时态。“我”刚刚给你理了头。此处是描述过去发生的事,故应用一般过去时。 答案:worked 10.解析:考查连词。如果理发师存在的话,就不会出现头发又长又脏的人了。 答案:if Ⅱ.短文改错 (2015· 甘肃兰州市高三双基过关考试)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌 写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或 修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Sir/Madam,
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I’m one of your customer.I ordered a set of books on your website two weeks ago,but I didn’t received it until yesterday.And much to my disappointment,the books were too poorly packed up that the cover of one book were torn.To make matters worse,it is not a complete set,as I found one book missed. I’m sorry to have received such poorly service,and I believe I have every right ask you to deal with this problem.I hope that you either return my money back or deliver a new set of books to me.Beside,I’d like to be informed of the process of your deal with my complaint. Looking forward to your reply. Li Hua 答案: Dear Sir/ Madam, I’m one of your customer received .I ordered a set of books on your website two weeks ago,but I didn’t customers receive too poorly packed up that the cover of one so

it until yesterday.And much to my disappointment,the books were book

were missed torn.To make matters worse,it is not a complete set,as I found one book . was missing ∧ poorly service,and I believe I have every right to ask you to deal with poor

I’m sorry to have received such

Beside this problem.I hope that you either return my money back or deliver a new set of books to me. , I’ d like Besides to be informed of the process of your Looking forward to your reply. Li Hua deal with my complaint. dealing

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