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2014届高考英语一轮复习:必修三 Unit3 the million pound bank note


Unit 3
The Million Pound Bank Note

carried out to______ sea 1.Well, towards nightfall I found myself ______ ______ by a strong wind.
嗯,傍晚时分我发现我被一阵大风刮到海上去了。

2.And ______ ______ the ship ______ it was that brought you to England.
正是那艘船把你带到了英国。

3.The fact is that I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, ______ which accounts for my appearance.
事实上我靠做义工来顶替船费,这就是我为什么衣冠不整的原因了。

4. ______ It’s amazing how much pleasure you get out of the simple things in life, especially if you can’t have them for a while.
从生活中如此简单的东西之中竟能得到这么大的乐趣,真是令人吃惊,特别是 当你暂时吃不到这些东西的时候。

1.Permit permission

vt.&vi.

n.

n.允许;许可;同意

permit doing sth. 允许做某事 permit sb.to do sth. 允许某人做某事

完成句子
(1)根据最新的规定,政府准许了他们的申请。
permitted According to the latest rules, government ________________ their application.

(2)我们不许孩子们在池子里游泳。
permit children to swim We don't ________________________________ in the pool.

(3)我们不许在这拍照。
permit taking photos here. We don't ____________________ (4)你没有许可证就不能在这里工作。 a permit You can't work here without __________.

2.Spot

vt.

n.

发现某人正在做某事 spot sb. doing sth.
在现场;当场 on the spot=on the scene

完成句子
(1)我们沿着沙滩走着,想找一个坐的地方。 a spot to sit. We walked along the beach looking for __________ (2)他最后找到了他想要的衬衫。 spotted just the shirt he wanted. He finally __________ (3)幸运的是现场有一位医生。 on the spot/scene Luckily there was a doctor ________________________. (4)邻居们发现有烟从那所房子里冒出来。 spotted smoke __________________ coming out of Neighbors ________ the house.

3.account

vi.&vt.

n.

是?的原因;做出解释、说明; (在数量方面)占;

account for
on account of 因为;由于 考虑;注意;顾及;体谅;把??考虑进去 take into account=take into consideration 绝不要;无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) on no account=in no case/for no reason

完成句子
(1)他无法说明他旷课的原因。
account for his absence from school. He could not ____________ (2)由于天气不好,火车都误点了。 on account of the bad weather. Trains were delayed _______________ (3)你应该把费用考虑进去。 take the expenses into account/consideration You should ________________________________________.

(4)他发誓他绝不会背叛他的祖国。
on no account/in no case/for no reasonwould He swore that _________________________________ he turn against his homeland.

4.seek vt.&vi. sought, sought
征求某人的意见/寻求某人的帮助 seek one's advice/help 试图做某事 挑出;找出 寻觅;寻找;追求

seek to do sth.
seek out

seek after/for

完成句子
(1)请遵医嘱。 seek doctor's advice You should __________________. (2)我试图改变她的心意。 sought to change I ________________________ her mind. (3)他们怎么也找不到一个藏身的地方。 sought in vain ______ for somewhere to shelter. They ______

5. scene n. 现场;场面;景色;(戏剧)一场 ? Our reporter was the first person on the scene.
我们的记者是最先到达出事地点的。

? ?

I saw the scene with my own eyes. The rocking boats along the river bank make a beautiful scene.
河边晃晃悠悠的船只构成了一道美丽的风景。

?

Act 1, Scene 2 of Macbeth
《麦克白》第一幕第二场

【速记名片】

词汇辨析 scene, view, sight和scenery
scene 指“风景”时,强调“景象”、“场景”、“场面”。

view 指“风景”时,强调从某个角度看到的风景。
sight 表示名胜古迹的风景,是可数名词。 scenery 尤指自然风光,是不可数名词。

经典例句
(1)The team’s victory produced scenes of joy all over the country. 球队的胜利使举国上下出现一派欢乐的场面。 (2)If we sit near the front of the bus, we’ll have a better view 如果我们坐在公共汽车的前部,就会有更好的视野。 .

单项填空
(2012江西)Seeing the happy of children playing in

the park, I’m full of joy and confidence in the future of our country. A.sight B.scene C.view D.sign

【答案与解析】B

scene“场面;情景”,指远近各处的景象,包括

人和活动;sight“视力;视野”;view“观点;风景”,sign“记号;符号;

征兆”。

用本单元所学单词及用法完成下列句子 1.我很意外,他和我持相反观点。 contrary opinion to mine. Unexpectedly, he held a __________ 2.盯着人看不礼貌。 It's rude to _________ stare at people. 3.他们走进银行时被警察认出来了。 spotted by police as they were entering the bank. They were ________ 4.我们在墙后发现了秘密通道。 a secret passage behind the wall. We discovered __________________

5.如果你们不是很熟的话,问别人薪水多少是很不礼貌的。 manners to ask other's salary if you are not very It's bad ____________ familiar. 6.女王走进房间时,每个人都鞠躬致敬。 bowed Everyone ____________ as the Queen walked into the room. 7.你有在这个湖里钓鱼的许可证吗? permit to fish in the lake? Have you got a ____________ 8.最近的工作压力是他身体不好的原因。 accounts for his poor health. Recent pressure at work ____________ 9.他寻找机会与她说话。 sought He ____________ to talk to her.

1.bring up 抚养;培养;教育;提出;呕吐

(使)归还;带回来
使降下;降落;降低(价格) 使显示

bring back
bring down bring out

完成句子
(1)他在会议上提出了一条好的建议。
brought up a good suggestion at the meeting. He ____________ (2)他小时候在一个小村庄被抚养长大。 was brought up in a small village when young. He __________________

bring up 抚养;提出;
(3)把衣服收起来,好像要下雨了。 Bring the clothes ______; ______ it looks like rain. in

bring in 把……拿进来;赚得;引进
(4)科学为我们的生活带来了很多变化。 has brought about many changes in our lives. Science __________________
bring about 产生;引起;带来

2.by accident (=by chance) 偶然;无意中;不小心 by no accident 绝非偶然 without accident 平安无事地 完成句子

(1)他是出于偶然而想出了解决问题的办法。
by accident/chance He came up with the solution to the problem ________________. (2)我们平安无事地回来了。

without accident We got back ________________.

3.on the contrary to the contrary

意思相反的(地);完全不同的(地)

be contrary to 与??相反 完成句子

(1)我没有生病。正相反,我很健康。 On the contrary I'm not ill.__________________, I'm very healthy. (2)在服装方面,我妹妹的爱好和我的正相反。 is contrary to My sister's taste in dresses ________________ my own.

4.take a chance (=take the chance=take chances) a chance of lifetime 千载难逢的机会

have/get a chance of doing/to do/that-clause 有希望做??

完成句子
(1)你没有再到那里去的机会了。
another chance of going/to gothere. You won't have/get ________________________________ (2)我想碰碰运气经商。 take a chance/take the chance/take chances and run I'd like to _____________________________________ a business.

用本单元所学短语及用法完成下列句子

1.你没有打扰我,相反地,我喜欢有你做伴。
On the contrary I like your company. You didn't bother me._______________,

2.她是一个如此耐心的人,最调皮的孩子她也不会放弃。
such a patient woman that the naughtiest children She is __________________________ won't be given up. 3.我有要事要处理。 I have a matter of importance to ________. do with

4.亨利被服务员看不起,因为他衣衫褴褛。 in rags Henry was looked down upon by the waiters, for he was ______. 5.你先行一步,告诉他我随后就到。 go ahead and tell him that I'm coming. You ____________ 6.——你觉得我的新衣服怎样?

——老实说,它很适合你但不适合我。
—How do you like my new dress? To be honest it fits you but not suits me. —________________, 7.关于我的过去,我什么都不会告诉你。 As for my past, I'm not telling you anything. ________

You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like.
您只要想来随时欢迎,您想吃什么尽管吃。 (1) “疑问词-ever”可引导名词性从句,相当于anyone who/anything that/any time when 等,用来加强语气。

(2 )“ 疑问词-ever” 还可引导让步状语从句,相当于“no
matter+疑问词”。

根据中文提示,完成下列句子
(1)无论你什么时候有问题,都可以来找我帮忙。 Whenever/No matter when ______________________ you have problems, you may turn to me for help. (2)我想到什么就说什么。 whatever comes into my head. I'll just say ____________________

运用所学语言基础知识,补充完整下面短文 When I was twelve years old, I found an interesting play by accident/chance (偶然地). written by Mark Twain (1)________________________ The writer told us an unbelievable story.I did like it very much and it was this story that (2)________________________ ( 正 是 这 个 故 事 ) made me interested in Mark Twain's works.In the story, two rich English brothers (3)___________________ made a bet on (对??打赌) penniless Henry, in rags who was (4)__________________ ( 衣衫褴褛), giving

him a million pound bank note. With the bank note, he met many
poor appearance 寒 酸 的 外 表 ), adventures. Because of his (5)________________( Henry received bad services in many places.But after they saw the

looked down upon 看不起;轻视) him all bank note, those who (6)________________( changed their attitude. Even one of the rich brothers' daughter fell in love with ( 爱 上 ) him. The story happening to Henry (7)________________ accounts vividly ________( for (8)____________ 对??作出解释) the money
society those days.

Ⅳ.单项填空 1.When the man was trying to break into the bank, he was caught by the police ______. A. in a spot B. on the spot C. off the spot D. to the spot

解析:选B。on the spot在现场,当场,符合语境。in a spot陷入困境; off the spot不准确,离题。

2.His parents died when he was five, so he was ______ by his uncle. A. brought on B. brought down C. brought up D. brought in
解析:选C。考查动词短语辨析。bring up养育,培养,教育;bring on导致; bring down 使降低; bring in 引进,赚。句意为:他的父母 在他五岁的时候就去世了,是他的叔叔把他养大。

3.I hadn’t seen him for 10 years but I ______ him at first sight. A. realized B. spotted C. watched D. observed
解析:选B。考查动词词义辨析。realize意识到,认识到;spot发现; 认出;watch 注视,看;observe观察。句意为:虽然我已有10年没见 他了,但我一眼就认出了他。

4.—How did you find your missing key? —______. A. I found it in my drawer B. Quite by accident C. It was well kept by the monitor D. I had no idea where it was
解析:选B。by accident偶然的,意外的。 quite用来加强语气,意 为“相当的,意外的”。

5. ______, they didn’t do well in helping each other with their study. A. To honest B. Honest C. To be honest D. To be honestly
解析:选C。to be honest是固定搭配,意为“说实话,老实说”, 作状语,也可使用副词honestly。to honest和to be honestly是错误 搭配;honest是形容词,不能作状语,故排除。

6.Mary wanted to travel around the world all by herself, but her parents did not ______ her to do so. A. forbid B. allow C. follow D. ask
解析:选B。句意为:玛丽想一个人周游世界,但她父母不允许她 这么做。forbid禁止;allow允许;follow跟随;ask要求。

7.Little Tom’s clothes were ______ rags. A. at B. with C. in D. under
解析:选C。in rags 衣衫褴褛,穿着破烂。

8. The little chicken ______ the earthworm, deciding whether to swallow it or let it go. A.stared at B.glimpsed into C.looked into D.glared at
【解析】A stare at“盯着看”;glimpse“一瞥”;look into “调查”;glare at“怒目而视”。

9.Can you imagine how late I went to bed last night? It was nearly 1 a.m. ______ I finished my article. A. that B. when C. before D. as
解析:选B。考查状语从句。句意为:你能想象昨晚我睡觉时 有多晚吗?我写完文章的时候已经快到凌晨一点了。考查了固 定句式:It is/was+具体时间点+when从句;before用于It will be/was+一段时间+before从句;that用于强调结构It is/was+ 时间状语+that...。

地点简介
介绍一个国家、地区或城市,一般应包括其地理位置、
首都或政府所在地、人口、气候、环境、物产及历史等。

【实用套语】 1.地理位置 lie in/be located in/be situated in 位于,坐落于 in the center of/in the east of 在中心/在东部 2.人口 It has a population of.../With the population of...

人口是??
The population has reached... 人口达到??

3.历史
It has a history of.../With the history of...
有??的历史 4.占地面积 It covers/has an area of...square meters.占地??平方米

5.环境 with green hills and beautiful rivers 有着青山绿水

6.气候 neither too cold nor too hot 既不太冷也不太热 the climate varies from place to place 气候因地而异 7.物产

be rich in/be high in 盛产??
a city with much industry 一个工业城市

8.风景名胜 place of interest 风景名胜区 sth. attract/appeal to sb.某物吸引某人 sth. be so attractive/wonderful/appealing that...

某物是如此的吸引人,以至于??
It is famous for/as...??因为/作为??而著名 a place with many tourist attractions 一个有着很多名胜的地方

Located in the middle of Shandong Peninsula, Weifang
covers an area of 15.9 square kilometers with a population of 8.63 million. 潍坊位于山东半岛中部,总面积达 1.59 万平方公里,人 口为 836 万。

As an outstanding tourist city with a long history in China,
the city is rich in both mineral resources and seafood products.

作为中国有着悠久历史的优秀旅游城市,它有着富饶的矿
产和水产资源。

请根据下表内容,写一篇介绍广州的英语短文。 [写作内容] 概况 中国第三大城市;别称:五羊城、花城等;广东省 省会;全市面积 7434 平方公里;人口 1000 多万 2200 多年历史的文化名城,历史上海上丝绸之路的 历史 始发港 地理 珠江从市中心穿过 气候 温暖湿润 旅游 风光旖旎,旅游资源丰富

[写作要求] 1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容; 2.短文的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总句数。 Let me tell you something about Guangzhou. ... I hope you will have a good time in Guangzhou.Thank you.

范文背诵:
Let me tell you something about Guangzhou. Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, also known as Five-lamb City, Flower City and so on, serves as the capital city of Guangdong Province. This city covers a total area of 7,434 square kilometers with a population of more than ten

million. Guangzhou, a famous city with a history of more than 2,200 years, is a starting port of the Silk Road on the sea in history. Guangzhou enjoys a warm and wet climate. The beautiful city, well-known for its beautiful scenery, is also abundant in traveling resources. I hope you will have a good time in Guangzhou. Thank you.


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