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高考语法复习—倒装句(语法讲义+练习+答案)


部分倒装
1. 否定意义的词或短语, 位于句首, 需部分倒装。 如否定词 no, not, never; 半否定词 hardly, seldom, scarcely, barely, rarely, little, few;no 合成的代词或副词 nobody, nothing, nowhere;否定的短语 not until, by no means, in no way, in no time, under no circumstances。 No word did he say before he left. Never had I heard or seen such a thing. Little did I know about it. Nowhere will you find better roses than theses. Not until he went abroad did he know the truth. By no means shall we give up. 2. not only (merely, alone, simply)…(but) also 连接两个并列分句,前一分句需倒装。 Not only did we lose our money, but we also came close to losing our lives. Not simply is this book interesting but also instructive. 注意:Not only you but also I(连接并列主语不倒装)will attend the meeting. 3. neither…nor 连接两个并列分句,前后两个分句都倒装。 Neither did they write nor did they telephone. Neither is he wrong nor are you. Neither could I help you, nor could he. Neither French nor German do I know. Neither on Saturday nor on Sunday do we have lessons. 注意: Neither you nor I(连接并列主语不倒装) like this book. 4. Only + 状语,位于句首,需部分倒装。 Only when I got there did I know the truth. Only in the morning can you meet him. Only him did I see yesterday. 注意:Only Li Lei(修饰主语不倒装) can answer this question. 5. 在含有 were, had, should 的 if 虚拟条件句中,省略 if,将 were, had, should 移到句首,需部分倒装。 Were he here, we would have no difficulty with it. Had you worked hard, you would have finished it early. Should it rain, the crops would be saved. 6. as / though 引导让步状语从句时,用部分倒装。 Old as / though he is, he works like a young man. Much as I admire her, I can’t forgive her faults. Try again as / though he will, he can’t succeed. In the classroom as / though he stays, he doesn’t read his texts. 注意:Child as / though he is, he knows much about the society. (表语是单数可数名词,倒装时省略名词前的 a/an) 7. so…that…和 such…that…引导状语从句,当 so 或 such 提到句首时,主句需用倒装语序。 So interesting is that story that everyone wants to read it. So good a girl is she that we all like her. Such a good girl is she that we all like her. 8. to such an extent, to such a degree, to such lengths 介词短语位于句首时,需倒装。 To such lengths did he speak that everyone got bored. To such an extent did they fight that they broke up. 9. so 位于后一分句句首,表示“也一样” ,需倒装。 He has been to Beijing, and so have I. Tom will go there next summer, and so will I. He can speak French. So can I. She respected me. So did I. Rock music is OK, and so is skiing. 10. neither, nor, no more 位于后一分句句首,表示“也不” ,需倒装。 He didn’t see the film, neither did she. I don’t enjoy singing, nor did I like computer games. She is not into music, nor am I. He can’s drive a car. No more can I. 11. be 动词引导的让步状语从句需倒装。 Be he rich or poor, I will love him for the rest of my life. 12. as 引导的方式状语从句中,可采用倒装,也可不用。 My uncle, as did other hunters, had a dog team. He was honest and diligent, as were most of his classmated. 13. 在比较状语从句中因主语较长,或带有较长的修饰语时可倒装,也可不用。 He ran as fast as did the person who came from England. American consumed more energy than did our country.

完全倒装—即将谓语移到主语前

1. 以 here, there, now, then 或 out, in, up, down, off, away, below, back 等方向性副词开头的句子,需完全倒装。 Here comes the bus. Now comes your turn. Then came a new difficulty. In came an old man with a white beard. Out rushed a cat from under the table. Off went the horse. 注意:The door opened and in she came. Here you are. Out he rushed. (主语为代词不倒装) 2. 表地点的介词短语位于句首,需完全倒装。 Around the lake are some tall tree. At the end of the valley lies a small lake. Under the table sleeps a brown cat. 3. 表语位于句首时,需完全倒装。 Seated on the ground are a group of young people. Hanging on the wall was a painting by Qi Baishi. Gone are the days when we were together. Happy are those who are contended. 注意:在表语置于句首的倒装结构中,要注意其中的谓语应与其后的主语保持一致,而不是与位于句首的表语保持 一致。 倒装句练习 1. For a moment nothing happened. Then all shouting together. A. voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come 2. The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only _________, but students became more interested in the lessons. A. saved was teachers’ energy B. was teachers’ energy saved C. teachers’ energy was saved D. was saved teachers’ energy 3. So sudden ________that the enemy had no time to escape. A. did the attack B. the attack did C. was the attack D. the attack was 4. Little about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself. A. did Rose care B. Rose did care C. Rose does care D. does Rose care 5. Not until I came home last night ________ to bed. A. Mum did go B. did Mum go C. went Mum D. Mum went 6. Unsatisfied _________with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. A. though was he B. though he was C. he was though D. was he though 7. It was announced that only when the fire was under control to return to their homes. A. the residents would be permitted B. had the residents been permitted C. would the residents be permitted D. the residents had been permitted 8. Only when I left my parents for Italy how much I loved them. A.I realized B.I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize 9. Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______. A. I was neither B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I 10. you eat the correct foods be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will 11.—How was the televised debate last night? —Super! Rarely so much media attention. A. a debate attracted B. did a debate attract C . a debate did attract D. attracted a debate 12. Little that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way in this business. A. he realized B. he didn’t realize C. didn’t he realize D. did he realize 13. —Father,you promised! —Well, .But it was you who didn’t keep your word first. A. so was I B. so did I C. so I was D. so I did 14. —I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible! — . A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I 15. ,his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound 16. I have been living in the United States for twenty years, but seldom so lonely as now. A. have I felt B.I had felt C.I have felt D. had I felt 17.—My room gets very cold at night. — . A. So is mine B. So mine is C. So does mine D. So mine does 18. Never in my wildest dreams these people are living in such poor conditions. A.I could imagine B. could I imagine C. I couldn’t imagine D. couldn’t I imagine

19. At the foot of the mountain . A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village 20. Only then how much damage had been caused. A. she realized B. she had realized C. had she realized D. did she realize 21. about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research. A. So curious the couple was B. So curious were the couple C. How curious the couple were D. The couple was such curious 22. Never before in greater need of modern public transport than it is today. A. has this city been B. this city has been C. was this city D. this city was 23. They have a good knowledge of English but little they know about German. A. have B. did C. had D. do 24. —Did Linda see the traffic accident? —No,no sooner than it happened. A. had she gone B. she had gone C. has she gone D. she has gone 25. homework did we have to do that we had no time to take a rest. A. So much B. Too much C. Too little D. So little 26. — It’s burning hot today,isn’t it? — Yes. yesterday. A. So was it B. So it was C. So it is D. So is it 27. I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means with my progress. A. the teacher is not satisfied B. is the teacher not satisfied C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied 28. ,he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class. A.A quiet student as he may be B. Quiet student as he may be C. Be a quiet student as he may D. Quiet as he may be a student 29. Under no circumstances, I was warned, _________ to give the password to someone else. A. could I B. I could C. I was D. was I 30. Woman ___ Hillary Clinton is, she was bold enough to participate in the presidential campaign, 2008. A. who B. as C. that D. like 31. The old couple have been married for 50 years and never once with each other. A. they have quarreled B. they quarreled C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled 32. Much he states he has a good taste of his own,he can’t avoid being influenced by advertisement. A. that B. which C. as D. / 33. Hardly had all the points that the teacher taught down when the bell rang. A. to be taken B. taking C. taken D. been taken 34.—Is everyone here?—Not yet. Look, there_______ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 35. John opened the door. There _____ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl 36. At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and Jialing River , one of the largest cities in China. A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie 37. Distinguished guests and friends, welcome to our school. the ceremony of the 50th Anniversary this morning are our alumni(校友)from home and abroad. A. Attend B. To attend C. Attending D. Having attended 38. I travel to the Binhai New Area by light railway every day, do many businessmen who live in downtown Tianjin. A. as B. which C. when D. though 39. Hearing the dog barking fiercely, away . A. fleeing the thief B. was fleeing the thief C. the thief was fleeing D. fled the thief 40. Out , with a stick in his hand. A. did he rush B. rushed he C. he rushed D. he did rush 41. the plane. A. Flew down B. Down flew C. Down was flying D. Down fly 42. I had time, I would have run around the lake again. A. If B. Unless C. Had D. When 43. I ten years younger, I would be able to clime the too of the mountain. A. Am B. Was C. Were D. Be 44. In front of the farmhouse . A. lay a peasant boy B. laid a peasant boy C. a peasant boy lay D. did a peasant boy lie 45. On the river bank where he once lived. A. stand a house B. a house stands C. does a house stand D. stands a house 46. Such a noise that I couldn’t make myself heard. A. are there B. there is C. was there D. there are

47. Out after the door was opened. A. did the dog run B. ran the dog C. the dog ran D. does the dog run 48. time, they would certainly come and help us. A. If had they B. If they had C. Had they D. both B and C 49. Look! . A. There does Jane come B. There comes Jane C. There is Jane coming D. Jane is there coming 50. hot is the sun that we cannot go out at present. A. Very B. Too C. So D. Such 51. and caught the mouse. A. Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat D. Jumped up the cat 52. , I would have phoned you. A. If I knew it B. Had I known it C. If I know it D. Did I know it 53. the rain stop, the crops would be saved. A. Did B. Should C. Would D. Will 1-5 BBCAB 6-10 BCCBA 11-15 BDDBD 16-20 ACBBD 21-25 BADAA 26-30ADBDB 31-35CCDBD 36-40 ACADC 41-45 BCCAD 46-50CBBBC 51-53CBB


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