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动词原形


Unit 6
Teaching Objective
1. Master the important vocabulary and structure 2. Master the writing technique of presenting a story according to a time consequence 3. Master the reading skill of understanding idiomatic expression 4. Understand the audio materials of this unit 5. Know how to make and respond to requests 6. Be able to discuss about shopping

Teaching Content
Section A: The Widow 1. Important Points: Understand the feeling behind the words Key words & phrases: quotation, blur, file, sympathize, loan, lodge, recall, convey, scan, restrain, anniversary, curiosity, accidental, fade, regarding, mission, share with, fill with, define as, mistake for, fill one’s need, bring up, save from Structure: whoever---, do + 动词原形 Writing technique: presenting the story according to a sequenced order 2. Difficult Points Some long and difficult sentences Section B: The Trashman 1. Reading Skills: Understanding idiomatic expression 2. Key Words and Phrases: wicked, tremble, civilize, response, retreat, spontaneous, folk, boast, original, contrary, frank, philosopher, economy, make the rounds, go with, boast about, stay away from, stay at, contrary to, be in for, hold water Listening & Speaking 1. Listen to people talk about health 2. Express worries and reassurance 3. Understand and talk about health and health problems

Time Allotment
Section A: 4 periods Section B: 2 periods Listening Comprehension: 2 periods

Unit 6 (8 periods)
Section A: The Widow (4 periods) Period 1-2 I. Warm-up Questions / Activities 1. Why is the woman in this story in pain? Because quotations from Elizabeth Jolley’s novel Cabin Fever arouse the woman’s memory of her husband who has passed away. They bring her back in time to her previous wedding ceremony at which she and her husband received not only good wishes from their colleagues and old schoolmates, but also the heart-felt congratulations from an unexpected “aunt” whose identity later created repeated discussions between them. Now, she is alone, she misses her late husband. Whenever she reads the words taken from Cabin Fever, her desire to see her husband is so strong that when she writes the word ‘husband’ on a piece of paper her eyes fill with tears, as if she were sitting by the fire in winter with him. 2. Where did the wife think the strange wedding guest had come from? Why did her husband not agree with her? The woman thought that the peculiar wedding guest had come from heaven as a messenger. But, her husband did not agree with her on the ground that she did not have the right shape for a heavenly messenger. He asserted that the woman was there to attend their marriage ceremony by accident. 3. What gift did the strange wedding guest give to the new husband and wife? Different from other wedding guests, the peculiar woman gave a unique word gift to the newly-weds, predicting that they were going to lead a good and happy life; they would work industriously and love each other. The words were so magic that their marriage life just followed the same course as the unknown “aunt” foretold, rich with warmth and mutual understanding as well as more devotion to each other. All of this inspired the couple to bring up the prophecy around each of their anniversaries. II. Comprehension of the Text Deal with the comprehension exercise of the text on Page 130. III. Text Structure (Combined with Text Structure Analysis and Structured Writing) Divide the text into 4 parts and find the topic sentence in every part. Topic: A sad, lonely woman who experiences the pain of loss as she remembers how her wedding day sent its spell over the rest of her marriage. Part I (Para. 1-2): The widow missed her husband so much. Part II (Para. 3-11) The couple’s wedding Part III (Para. 12-14): Their marriage life Part IV (Para. 15-19): The most valuable thing to the widow is a message written on a worn envelop.

IV. Background Information 1. Cabin Fever continues the events of her previous book, My Father's Moon, but from a different voice and 40 years later. The story is presented in bits and pieces as a successful woman psychologist recalls her war experiences and post war hard times. The book is not a complete story but only certain memories that help the woman make sense of all the pain, trouble, loss and sad times in her life. The book describes the culture of the late 1940s. V. Intensive Reading 1. Alone now, the widow reads considerably. (Para. 1) Meaning: The widow now lives alone and, therefore, reads much because she has much time for herself. Cf. widower : man whose wife has died and who has not married again 鳏夫 Notice: one can speak of a man's widow: "Margaret is John's widow". But if the woman dies first, one does not say "John is Margaret's widower", but only "John is a widower". 2. Now, in a notebook, she stores quotations like this one from Elizabeth Jolley's Cabin Fever. (Para. 1) Meaning: Now in a notebook she keeps quotations such as this one that is from Elizabeth Jolley's novel Cabin Fever. quotation: n. 1) a sentence drawn from literature or a piece taken from a work of art ----It's not good to use too many quotations in a paper. ----quotation mark 引号 2) the price of something 报价 ----He gave me a quotation which was too high for a new house. 3. So intense is this wish that if I write the word husband on a piece of paper, my eyes fill with tears. (Para. 1) Notice that this is an inverted sentence. 4. The bride did not wear glasses that day, so everything was a blur of candlelight and faces. (Para. 3) blur: n. something whose shape is not clearly seen ----My memory of college life is only a blur. v. make difficult to see clearly ----In the worn wedding album the first picture of the bride and groom is blurred. 5. They walked to the back of the church and stood at the door as their guests filed past. (Para. 4) Meaning: They walked to the back of the church and stood at the door as their guests walked by them in a line. file:

v. 1) vi. walk one behind the other 一个接一个地走 ----The students filed into the meeting hall. 2) make a written request for a position 提出 ----I hope you have filed for safety insurance. 我希望你已参加了安全保险。 ----They tried to file a request with the authorities. 3) put away (papers, etc.) in order 归档 ----Please file these tape recordings. 6. From colleagues and old schoolmates came cheerful good wishes clothed in friendly jokes. (Para. 4) Meaning: Colleagues and old schoolmates greeted the couple happily with good wishes that were expressed in friendly jokes. 7. Some relatives, however, were not pleased. One sat in a car, crying; another stood surrounded by sympathizers offering pity. Both these women-mothers of the bride and groom-would have insisted they wanted only the best for their children but they defined "the best" as staying home to help support the family. (Para. 4) Meaning: However, some relatives were not happy. One of them sat in a car, crying; another stood in the center of sympathizers who offered pity. And the mothers of the bride and groom would have said again and again that they wanted only the best for their children, but what they meant by "the best" was only that the couple should stay home to help support the family. sympathize: vi. show sympathy ----We sympathize with him when he lost his job. define as: state the meaning of (something such as a word) as being (something) ----It's wrong to define "happiness" as "owing lots of money". 8. The last person to approach the couple was a short, elderly woman who smiled as she congratulated them-not by name but as "wife" and "husband". (Para. 5) congratulate: vt. express good luck or pleasure at (someone's) success ----She congratulated him on winning a prize. 她祝贺他得了奖。 9. Then quickly, for such a short, portly, elderly person, she disappeared. (Para. 7) Meaning: Although she was short, over-weight and old, the woman disappeared all of a sudden. for: prep. despite ----For all his faults, we like him still. ----For all your explanations, I understand no better than before. Please notice that "for" in this sense is usually followed by the word "all". 10. With money loaned by the groom's brother, they could afford a honeymoon at a state-park lodge. (Para. 8) Meaning: Because they borrowed some money from the groom's brother, they were able to have a honeymoon at a state-park lodge.

loan: 1) vt. lend ----Loan me $5, please. 请借给我五美元。 2) n. a quantity of money loaned ----He wants to start a new company with a loan of $100,000 from the bank. lodge: 1) n. a small house ----The old man lived in a lodge in the woods. 2) vi. stay somewhere and pay rent →lodger ----All the travelers lodged in a three-star hotel. 11. Sitting before a great oak fire, they recalled the events of the day, especially the strange message conveyed by Aunt Esther Gubbins. (Para. 8) Meaning: Sitting in front of a great oak fire, they reviewed what had happened on the day of their wedding, especially wondering about the meaning of Aunt Esther Gubbins's words. recall: vt. remember ----I know I met you somewhere but I can't recall the place. convey: vt. make known, communicate, express ----Please convey my best wishes to your parents. 12. Had she come to the wrong church or at the wrong time, mistaking them for another couple? (Para. 11) Meaning: Had she come to the wrong church or at the wrong time, thinking wrongly that they were the couple that she knew and was looking for? mistake for: think wrongly that (sb. or sth.) is (sb. or sth. else) ----You and your sister look so very similar, I often mistake you for her. 13. Or was she just an old woman who liked weddings and scanned for announcements in church bulletins? (Para. 11) Meaning: Or was she just an old woman who liked weddings and looked for announcements in church bulletins? scan: vt. look at closely, examine with care →scanner ----He scanned the field for the figure of his mother. 14. With the passage of time and the birth of grandchildren, their mothers accepted their marriage. (Para. 12) Meaning: As time went on and because the couple had children, their mothers accepted their marriage. 15. Both acted to fill their needs as time and opportunity allowed. (Para. 13) Meaning: Whenever they had time and opportunity, they would help each other. fill one's need: satisfy one's need ----He is the only child in the family, so the parents try to fill his needs.

16. Arriving from work, he might announce, "Wife, I am home!" And she, restraining the desire to complain about housework, would respond, "Husband, I am glad!" (Para. 14) Meaning: When he got back home from work, he would say "Wife, I am home!" And the wife would respond with "Husband, I am glad!" although she was tired from housework and had a desire to complain about it. restrain: vt. prevent from doing something; hold back ----He could not restrain his intense wish to speak to her. ----Prisoners are sometimes restrained from writing to their families. 17. But she knew "Aunt Esther" was on some heavenly mission. (Para. 15) Meaning: But she knew "Aunt Esther" was sent to their wedding by God. mission: n. the action of sending or fact of being sent on some special work or service ----His mission to France is successful. 他出使法国很成功。 ----The enemy believed that the old lady was on a secret mission. ----Impossible Mission 18. ...the worn, fading envelope...(Para. 16) fade: vi. 1) (cause to) lose color or freshness ----Her dark blue skirt was so old that it had faded to light blue. 2) disappear bit by bit 逐渐消失 ----His strength seemed to fade after the operation. ----As we drove into the mountains, the radio signal faded. 19. It has always seemed to me that she was the wrong shape for a heavenly messenger. (Para. 18) Meaning: I always think that the old woman could not be a messenger sent by God because she was not beautiful. messenger: n. person who brings a message 信使 20. What matters is this: whoever she was, Aunt Esther Gubbins was right. Meaning: What is important is that no matter who she was, Aunt Esther Gubbins was right. matter: vi. be important ----The cost of heating a home does not matter to someone with a lot of money, but for families with low incomes, it is a matter of great importance whoever: ---Do Exercise V on Page 131 1) no matter who ----Whoever broke the window, he should pay for the damage. 2) any person that; who ----Whoever wants to go may sign their names on the paper.

Period 3-4 VI. Language Points 1.considerable: a. fairly large ---He spent considerable time on translating the novel. 他花了很多的时间翻译这部小说。 2.underline vt. 1) draw a line under ---You'd better underline these words and try to learn them by heart. 2) give added attention to, so as to show importance ---The Second World War underlined the importance of science and technology. 第二次世界大战突出了科学和技术的重要性。 3. album: n. a book for storing photos ---Some people like to keep beautiful albums. 有些人喜欢收集好看的相册。 4. file vi. 1) walk one behind the other ---Slowly, the parents filed into the classroom and sat down. 家长们一个个慢慢地走进教室,坐了下来。 2) make a written request for a position ---She filed for a divorce on the grounds that he was not devoted to her. vt. 1) put away (papers, etc.) in order ---Please file those letters. 2) place an exhibit among the records of a court, public office, or government ---They tried to file a request with the authorities. 他们试图向当局提出申请。 n. 1) a store of papers on one subject 汇存的文件 2) the furniture or box for storing papers 文件夹,文件箱 3) a line of people one behind the other 纵列 5.surround: vt. be or go around on every side ---The village is surrounded by trees. 村的四周都是树木。 6. depart: vi. leave; go away ---When will the plane depart? ---Our tour departs from Shanghai.

7. respond: vi. (to)answer ---Please respond to the question. 请回答这个问题。 ---When people ask us questions we usually respond to their questions by trying to answer them. 当人们问我们问题时,我们通常用回答来对问题作出反应。 8. assert: vt. declare forcefully ---Sandy's mother asserts that it's not healthy to eat standing up. 9. anniversary: n. a day that is an exact number of years after something happened ---Today we are here to celebrate the 105th anniversary of the founding of our university. 今天,我们在这里庆祝我校建校105周年。 10. curiosity: n. an eager desire to know ---The little boy satisfies his curiosity about animals by visiting the zoo every week. 11. share with: give a part of (something) to (someone else) ---I'll share my apple with you, if you'll give me half of your cake. 你把你的蛋糕给我一半,我就和你分享我的苹果。 12. fill with: (cause to) become full of ---His eyes filled with tears as he looked with love at her. ---The box was filled with gifts. 13. bring up: mention or introduce (a subject) ---He said he would bring up the question of the loan at the meeting. 他说他会在会上提出贷款问题。 14. save from :keep (something or someone) from (danger, being destroyed, etc.); make safe from danger or being destroyed ---He was happy to learn that his village was saved from the great flood. 得知家乡幸免于这场大水,他很高兴 VII. Summary 1. Ask several students to summarize the text with the help of the reference words. 2. Finish story summary on P132. VIII. In-Class Exercises Vocabulary: Exercise III, IV, Structure: Exercise V, VI IX. Homework 1. Finish the rest exercises of Section A

2. Practice the writing technique: writing something according to a time consequence. Topics: Preparing for the examination .Get ready for online learning 3. Preview Section B.


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