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初二牛津英语下Unit1Penfriends


Unit 1 Penfriends 知识要点梳理 词汇 baseball title corner metre nearby ambition architect enclose Sydney form own physics (be) keen on college university during table tennis best maybe height dream probably tie roof 句型 1 2 3 4 A postcode makes it easier for the post office to deliver letters. My ambition is to be an architect… I hope you will write to me soon…

Words 1 penfriend n 笔友,写信但未曾谋面的朋友 Sidney usually writes letters to her penfriend. 2 magazine n 杂志 a literary magazine 文学杂志 women’s magazine 妇女杂志 How often does this magazine come out? 3 hobby n 业余爱好 My father works in a bank, but his hobby is collecting stamps. 4 chess n 国际象棋 I usually have a game of chess with my father after dinner. 5 own v 拥有 They don’t own that video. They just rent it. Who owns this dog? The old woman owns a beautiful car. own up 承认错误 Nobody owned up to the theft. 6 best 最好的,最出色的,最优秀的 Jim is the best student in our class. 7 architect n 建筑师,建筑设计师 His father works as an architect in London. Who is the architect for Shanghai Grand Theatre? Therefore, he went to work in an architect’s office in order to learn how to design buildings. Architecture n 建筑,建筑学 I don’t like modern architecture; it usually depresses me . 8 nearby adv 在附近,不远 I got a place at a teachers’ training college nearby. nearby 也可以作为形容词,意为附近的, ;邻近的 Her best friend lived in a nearby town. 9 keen adj (1) 热心的,渴望的

They are both keen gardeners. I failed the first time but I am keen to try again. (2) 敏锐的,灵敏的 Foxed have a keen sense of smell. keenly adv 敏锐地 keenness n 敏锐 10 ambition n 雄心,抱负 My ambition is to be an engineer. It’s Liu Xiang’s ambition to run fastest in the world. One of his ambitions is to become President of the General Motors. be full of ambition 野心勃勃 He is always full of ambition. ambitious adj 有雄心的,野心勃勃的 11 enclose 附上,放入封套 I enclose a check for $500. She enclosed some photos of her daughter in her letter. Phrases 1 at the end 在……末端 You will find a nice restaurant at the end of the road. 2 be keen on 热心于做,热衷于 She’s keen on sailing. I am keen on going to Europe in the spring. My little brother is keen on collecting coins. 3 twelve years old 数词+year(s)old,常用来表示年龄,意思是……岁 My mother is forty-five year old. My grandfather is sixty-seven years old. 4 a boy called Jon 一个叫乔恩的男孩 I have a sister called Mary. There is an American boy called Tom in our class. 5 best wishes 最好的祝愿 wish 此处为名词,意为祝愿,愿望,其复数形式是在后面加 es,也可为动词,希望,祝愿 Anyway, congratulations and best wishes. Best wishes for your new home. Give him my best wishes. We wish you a happy life. 6 by school bus 乘校车 Tom goes to school by school bus every day. by +交通工具=take+ 不定冠词+交通工具 7 tell sb about sth 告诉某人某事 Please tell me something about your school life. He told me about his worries. 8 enjoy doing sth 喜欢干某事 I enjoy playing football. 接 ing 形式的动词还有: finish, mind, practise 等。 这些动词后只跟动名词, 不跟动词不定式。

He finished doing his homework just now. Do you mind opening the window? He sometimes practices playing the piano in the afternoon. 9 speak English 说英语 speak v 说话,讲话,说,讲 The baby can’t speak yet. He spoke too fast for me to follow. ----Who is speaking? --- This is Tom speaking. say speak talk tell 的区别 1 say 意为说,述说,指用系统的语言表达自己的想法(后面接的宾语是话语,不是人,即 say sth) He says,“ It doesn’t matter.” The slogan says, “ Welcome to Beijing.” 2 speak 常作为不及物动词使用, 不注重说的内容, 表示说话, 发言, 此外也讲外语的能力, 打电话时也常用 speak. He will speak at the meeting. Please speak loudly. He can speak a little English. Hello, may I speak to Xiao wang? 3 talk 意为说,讲,谈话,与 speak 意思很近,但不如 speak 正式。talk 更常指与人交谈, 有较强的对话讨论的意思。Talk 后跟 of 或 about 表示谈起,谈到 What are you talking about? He often talks of you. 4 tell 常用作及物动词,有告诉的意思,它既注重说话的内容,又有告诉的对象,因此,tell 后面长跟双宾语,另外讲个故事用 tell,它还有吩咐,命令和分辨,识别的意思。 I’ll tell her the good news. My mother often tells me stories. I can’t tell the differences between the two new words. Sentences 1 A postcode makes it easier for the post office to deliver letters. make+it+adj+forsb to do sth,it 在此处作形式宾语 Yoga made it faster for Mrs.White to lose weight. 2 My ambition is to be an architect… Sth+be+ to do 动词不定式作表语 A nurse’s job is to look after sick people. My job is to look after the babies. Our duty is to study hard. The best way is to keep silent. 3 I hope you will write to me soon… hope v 希望,期待,其后接不定式和 that 引导的从句 ----Will Jim be all right? ----I hope so. ----Do your parents know how late you got back?

-----I hope not. I hope to hear from my brother soon. I hope you’ll have a good time in the park. I hope that you are okay. Hope 与 wish 的区别 hope 一般侧重于表达有可能实现额愿望,意为希望,期待.wish 一般侧重于表达不大可能实 现或根本不考虑是否可能实现的愿望。 (1) hope 和 wish 均接不定式作宾语,wish 只表示一种愿望,hope 也表示愿望,表示对 此有把握。 I hope to see you soon. I wish to come to your party tomorrow. (2)hope 和 wish 均可接 that 引导的宾语从句, hope 用陈述语气, 表示很有把握实现或得到, 而 wish 后面的宾语从句常用虚拟语气,表示一种无法实现的或不真实的愿望。 I wish I could fly like a bird. I hope she won’t come tonight. (3) wish 后通常接宾语+不定式,而 hope 则不可以 I wish you to come and join us in the singing. My parents wish me to study hard at school. (4) wish 表示祝愿时,其后可接双宾语,而 hope 则不能加双宾语。 I wish you a happy New Year! 语法归纳总结 1 对指物名词或谓语动词提出疑问,疑问词用 what. What do you usually do at weekends? The twins were making a kite when their mother came in. What were the twins doing when their mother came in ? 2 对名词的定于提出疑问,疑问词可用 which,而且必须和名词连用,也可用 when. Which lady is your class teacher? I’m going to take the shirt on the right. Which shirt are you going to take? 3 对物主代词和名词所有格提问用 whose. Whose pen is it? 4 对具体时间提出疑问,如 in the morning ,last Sunday 等,疑问词用 when,对具体几点钟提 问,疑问词可用 what time,也可用 when. When does your mother get up every morning? 5 对具体地点提出疑问,疑问词应用 where. Where are you from? The pupils are having a picnic at the foot of the hill. Where are the pupils having a picnic? 6 对表示原因的从句提问,常见的有 because 引导的从句,疑问句应用 why. Why did you get up early this morning? Xiao Cheng didn’t go to the farm with us because he was ill. Whydidn’t Xiao Cheng go to the farm with us? 7 对方式或程度等提出疑问,用疑问词 how

How do you go to school every day? 8 对数量提出疑问,疑问词为 how many / how much 要注意 how many 必须跟名词的复数 形式。 How many friends do you have? 9 对价格提出疑问,疑问词用 How much How much money do you need? I paid fifty yuan for the sweater. How much did you pay for the sweater? 10 时间长度提出疑问,疑问词用 How long How long have you been in Shanghai? I’ve worked in that factory for two years. How long have you worked in that factory? 11 对时间频率,如 once a year, twice a week 等提问,疑问词用 how often How often do you go to the cinema? I go to Beijing once a year. How often do you go to Beijing? 12 对具体次数,如 once,twice, three times 等提问,疑问词用 how many times 13 对 in+一段时间提问,疑问词一般用 how soon Jane and her brother will finish the work in two hours. How soon will Jane and her brother finish the work? 14 对距离提出疑问,疑问词用 how far How far is it from your school to your home? It’s about two kilometers from here to the country. How far is it from here to the country?


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