拼十年寒 窗挑灯 苦读不 畏难； 携双亲 期盼背 水勇战 定夺魁 。如果 你希望 成功， 以恒心 为良友 ，以经 验为参 谋，以 小心为 兄弟， 以希望 为哨兵 。
Unit 4 Astronomy：the science of the stars
单元基础词汇语法回顾 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1．Their education ________ (体系) was perfect. 2．I hope you will recover soon under this enjoyable ______(气候)． 3．He felt ________(鼓励)by the progress he had made. 4．The manager doesn't ________(允许)us to use the computer. 5．The news that they were defeated ________(传遍)to the capital. 6．Tornadoes are ________ (猛烈的)whirlwinds which vary in their width from a few yards to 1,300 feet. 7．The small boat was ________(漂浮)on the surface of the water. 8．A great ________(块)of rock had fallen from the cliff and now blocked the road. 9．From these observations we conclude that the moon has little or no ________(大 气层)． 10．These kittens look exactly ________(一样的). Can you tell them apart? 答案 1．system 2.climate 3.encouraged 4.allow 5.spread 6．violent 7.floating 8.block 9.atmosphere 10.alike Ⅱ.单句语法填空 1．She is a very ________ (religion) person who goes to church every Sunday. 2．This kind of plants has been in ________ (exist) for millions of years. 3．I've been ________ (puzzle) over all the figures, trying to find what happened to the missing money. 4．We live in a ________ (globe) village, but this doesn't mean that we all behave in the same way. 5．Last night we had a discussion, which became more and more violent. Finally we reached an agreement that we will never use ________ (violent) whatever happens. 6．Reading in the sun is ________ (harm) to your eyes. 7．The wind is blowing ________ (gentle)． 8．It was my friends who gave me a great deal of __________ (encourage)． 9．The desertification accounted for good farmland's ________ (disappear)． 10．Her teacher pointed out her mistake with __________ (patient)． 11．The boy was lucky enough to escape ________ ( punish) by telling a lie.
12．Over the past five years Tom ________ (go) through a lot of hardships. 13．When I'm feeling sad, my mother tells me funny stories to cheer me ________. 14．He described the three ways ________ the problem could be solved. 15． Only by practising time and time again can you get the hang ________ the grammar rules. 16．She married at 25 and gave birth ________ her first child shortly after. 17．Tom got up late, thus ________ (miss) the early bus. 18．Last night a fire broke ________ in the hotel across the street. 19．The fireworks exploded ________ all directions. 20．This garden is three times ________ big as that one. 答案 1．religious 2.existence 3.puzzling 4.global
5．violence 6.harmful 7.gently 8.encouragement 9．disappearance 10.patience 11.being punished 12．has gone 13.up 14.that 15.of 16.to 17.missing
18．out 19.in 20.as Ⅲ.单句改错 1．There is so much rain on the island that its annual rainfall reaches as many as sixty inches.________ 2．The problem of pollution is worth paying attention.________ 3．This is such interesting a film that I have seen it twice.________ 4．When people in the room heard someone crying“Fire! Fire！ ”they were seized by panic and began to run towards all directions.________ 5．Teachers can help them learn to take risks in an atmosphere that they feel confident about doing so.________ 6．Because there is no air or wind on the moon, the footprints may stay there for million of years.________ 答案 1．many 改为 much 2.attention 后加 to 3.such 改为 so 4．towards 改为 in 5.that 改为 where 6．million 改为 millions Ⅳ.语法填空 Visitors to Britain may find the best place __1__ enjoy local culture is in a traditional pub. But newcomers may get into trouble in these friendly pubs. Strangers
may start with the difficulty of getting a drink. Most pubs have no waiters—you have to go to the bar (吧台) to buy drinks. This may sound __2__ (convenient), but English people are used to doing so. Pub culture is formed __3__ (help) people get along with each other. Standing at the bar for service allows you to chat with others __4__ (wait) for drinks. The bar counter is __5__ (possible) the only place in Britain __6__ a friendly conversation with strangers __7__ (consider) to be entirely proper and really quite normal, __8__， if you do not follow the local rules, you may fail to feel the local culture. For example, if you are in a big group, __9__ is best for one or two people to go to buy the drinks. Nothing makes the regular customers and bar staff __10__ (angry) than a group of strangers standing in front of the bar while they chat and wonder what to order. 答案 1．to 2.inconvenient 3.to help 4.waiting 5.possibly 6．where 7.is considered Ⅴ.短文改错 A few days ago when taking the walk with my mother in the park, I came across a foreigner. Judged by his puzzled expression, I thought he might in need of help. So I went up and asked whether I could help him in English. He told me he had got lost. He had turned to several passer?by for help, and they couldn't speak English. Then he told me his destination. Fortunately, I was quite familiar to the place. In order to make myself understand, I told him how to go there as clear as possible. Although it was the first time that I have talked to a foreigner face to face he totally understood what I said and thanked for me. 答案 A few days ago when taking the walk with my mother in the park, I came across
a foreigner. Judged by his puzzled expression, I thought he might ∧ in need of help.
So I went up and asked whether I could help him in English. He told me he had got lost. He had turned to several passer?by for help, and they couldn't speak English.
Then he told me his destination. Fortunately, I was quite familiar to the place.
In order to make myself understand， I told him how to go there as clear as possible.
Although it was the first time that I have talked to a foreigner face to face he
totally understood what I said and thanked for ＼ me.
单元能力训练与技巧指导 练 一 语言知识运用保分练 1篇完形＋1篇语法填空，限时25分钟 Ⅰ.完形填空 It was an unforgettable weekend.I had a great time at the __1__.However, after I arrived home, I noticed my owl necklace was __2__.I was so anxious that I __3__ every room in the house, but my efforts were __4__ vain.Then I decided to head back to the beach.My husband thought I was __5__， as the huge beach was nine miles from our home.How could I __6__ one tiny necklace? What if it came off in the ocean? I was __7__ to even consider that as a possibility.I knew I had to try. After searching for several hours at the beach, I __8__ an elderly man with a metal detector (探测器) in his hand.I __9__ up to him and asked whether he had come across a necklace.He opened his hand and showed me his __10__ — some coins.He said if he saw my necklace he would __11__ return it to me.I also wanted him to have enough __12__ to mail it so I gave him a $5 bill and told him my name and my address.Then I left. My husband __13__ me and said that he would buy me a new one.But I turned down his nice __14__， as that necklace couldn't be __15__.It was my dad who had found a special way to give me that __16__ necklace.There had been a yard sale in my community.Among the things that were put on __17__ he found the necklace.Unable to __18__ it, my dad offered to build a bookshelf for the owner as a(n) __19__. Unexpectedly, three days later, I received a package.Inside were a $5 bill and my owl necklace.The moment I saw the necklace, I couldn't help __20__. 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文，讲述作者在沙滩上把自己的项链丢失了，然后又回到沙 滩上找，没有找到，最后被一个老人找到并寄给作者的故事。 1．A.campus C．library B．beach D．museum
解析：选 B 根据下文的“Then I decided to head back to the beach.”可知，这里 应该指的是在沙滩上。 2．A.broken B．stolen
解析：选 C 根据下文作者后来又去沙滩上找项链可知，此处应指项链丢失了，lost“丢 失的” ，符合文意。 3．A.searched C．occupied B．cleaned D．measured
解析： 选 A 根据上下文可知， 项链丢失了， 此处应该是在家里找。 search 表示 “寻找” ， 符合语境。 4．A.for C．in B．with D．at
解析：选 C 根据下文的“Then I decided to head back to the beach.”可知，在家 里没有找到。in vain 表示“徒劳，白费功夫” ，符合语境。 5．A.curious C．careless B．anxious D．crazy
解析：选 D 根据下文的“as the huge beach was nine miles from our home”可知， 沙滩很大并且离家那么远，故在作者决定去沙滩寻找项链时，丈夫认为作者发疯了。 6．A.find out C．describe B．locate D．observe
解析：选 B 此处表示在一个沙滩上找一个微小的东西。locate 表示“确定……的位置， 定位” ，符合语境，故选 B 项。 7．A.unable C．prepared B．eager D．unwilling
解析：选 D 前一句说项链有可能掉进了海里，这样的话，项链就不能找到了，作者显 然是不愿意这种情况发生的，所以选 D 项。 8．A.rescued C．admired B．noticed D．hired
解析：选 B 作者寻找了几个小时后，不经意间看到(noticed)一个手里拿着金属探测器 的老人。 9．A.raced C．crawled B．walked D．approached
解析：选 A 根据上下文可知，作者急切地想找到项链，所以跑向了老人。race“快速 移动” 。 10．A.achievement C．charge B．equipment D．priority
解析：选 A 根据上文提到的老人手里拿着金属探测器可知，他在沙滩上寻找东西，再
根据作者问他是否看到一条项链时，他摊开手，手上只有几个硬币，且根据破折号可知，这 里应该用 achievement“成就” 。 11．A.randomly C．gladly B．gratefully D．sincerely
解析：选 C 根据下文老人把找到的项链还给作者可以推知，老人此时说的应该是如果 看见他会乐意(gladly)把它归还给作者。 12．A.time C．reason B．postage D．ability
解析：选 B 根据空后的“to mail it so I gave him a $5 bill and told him my name and my address”可知，作者给他邮资(postage)让他邮寄项链。 13．A.promised C．blamed B．reminded D．comforted
解析：选 D 根据上下文可知，找不到项链的作者非常着急，丈夫要给作者买一条新的， 这应该是安慰作者的话，故选 D，comfort“安慰” 。 14．A.gesture C．assistance B．invitation D．comment
解析： 选 A 本段第一句是丈夫安慰作者的话， 只是丈夫展现的一个姿态(gesture)， nice gesture 表示“友好的表示” 。 15．A.compared C．replaced B．decorated D．recognized
解析：选 C 根据上文的“But I turned down his nice __14__”和下文的“It was my dad who had found a special way to give me that __16__ necklace.”可知，这条项链 是其他项链无法替代的。 16．A.similar C．temporary B．precious D．expensive
解析：选 B 根据上下文可知，那条项链很珍贵(precious)。 17．A.schedule C．approval B．occasion D．display
解析：选 D 根据语境可知，当时社区在进行庭院旧货出售，既然父亲发现那条项链， 说明当时那条项链在展出(on display)。 18．A.afford C．preserve B．devote D．repair
解析：选 A 根据下文的“my dad offered to build a bookshelf for the owner”可 知，当时父亲买不起那条项链，afford“承担得起……的费用” ，符合文意。
解析：选 C 既然买不起，父亲提出给项链的主人做一个书架以换取那条项链。 20．A.laughing C．exciting B．screaming D．crying
解析：选 D 根据上文内容可知，作者的那条项链意义特殊，对作者来说非常珍贵，老 人把它和作者给他的五美元邮寄费一起寄来，作者忍不住哭(crying)起来了。 Ⅱ.语法填空 The Shudao connected Xi'an, in Shaanxi Province, to Sichuan in ancient times and is more than 3,000 years old.If an adventurous holiday is __1__ one is after, then a hike along Shudao shouldn't __2__ (miss)． I hiked along the road last year.Certain parts of it were so narrow that even two slim people could __3__ (bare) pass each other.I __4__ (bend) over from time to time to avoid bumping my head against rocks on my left. Despite the rough ground, there are many __5__ (hide) delights appealing to tourists.Blue rivers and towering trees make up much of Shudao's landscape.The varied shapes of the clouds float low, __6__ (surround) the mountain in mist, which gives the road a fairy?tale touch. A middle?aged man hiking along with us carried a big bamboo basket full of sand on his back.After taking __7__ break to catch his breath, he told us the sand was intended __8__ building work in higher mountains.Parting from the kind man, we headed for Zhaohua ancient town, distinguished for many historical __9__ (attract)．It is one of the __10__ (well) preserved sites featuring elements from the Three Kingdoms period (AD 220?280)． 语篇解读：本文主要讲述了作者的蜀道徒步之旅。 1．what what 引导表语从句，在从句中作宾语。 2．be missed miss 和句子主语“a hike along Shudao”之间是被动关系，故用被动 形式。 3．barely 此处应用副词 barely 修饰动词 pass，意为“勉强才能” 。 4．bent 根据上文的“last year”可知，事情发生在过去，故此处用一般过去时。 5．hidden 根据空后的名词 delights 可知，空处应用形容词 hidden 作定语。 6．surrounding surround 和句子谓语 float 之间没有连词，故用非谓语动词形式，又
因 surround 和句子主语“The varied shapes of the clouds”之间构成逻辑上的主谓关系， 故用现在分词作状语。
7．a take a break 意为“休息，小憩” ，为固定用法，故用不定冠词 a。 8．for be intended for sth.意为“为……而准备的” ，故用介词 for。 9．attractions 空处被形容词 historical 修饰，故空处应用名词形式，又由 many 可 知，空处应填 attractions。 10．best 由空前的“one of the”可知，此处表示最高级的含义，故用最高级 best。 练 二 主观题强化增分练 1篇语法填空＋1篇短改＋1篇写作，限时45分钟
Ⅰ.语法填空 The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments.The WHO wants them to work together __1__ (develop) drugs to fight 12 bacteria.These bacteria __2__ (be) able to resist __3__ (power) antibiotic (抗生素 ) drugs.The resistance is so unusually strong that all the 12 bacteria have been given a special name “superbug” ． The United Nations agency reported this week the 12 superbugs are a threat to human __4__ (healthy) ．It said they have __5__ ability to easily turn treatable infections into killers.The WHO says superbugs can also pass along genetic material __6__ helps other bacteria become resistant to drug treatment. Marie ? Paule Kieny is the Assistant Director ? General at the WHO.She said, “ Antibiotic resistance is growing and we are fast running out __7__ treatment options. ” She urged governments to give drug companies reasons to develop new treatments.“If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics we most __8__ (urgent) need are not going to be developed in time， ” she said. Antibiotic drugs can lose their effectiveness when people take more or less than the amount __9__ (require) by doctors.When this happens, infections that __10__ (treat) at one time easily become resistant. 语篇解读：本文主要讲述了世界卫生组织呼吁开发新的药物，以应对超级病菌对人类健 康的威胁。 1．to develop 此处是不定式作目的状语，故填 to develop。 2．are 此处表示客观的陈述，故用一般现在时；结合空前的“These bacteria”可知， 应填 are。 3．powerful 此处应用形容词作定语修饰名词短语，故填形容词 powerful。 4．health 介词后跟名词、代词或动词?ing 形式作宾语。human health 意为“人类健 康” ，作介词 to 的宾语。 5．the ability 被不定式短语“to easily turn treatable infections into killers” 所修饰，表示特指，故用定冠词 the 修饰。
6 ． that/which material。
that/which 引导定语从句，在从句中作主语，修饰先行词 genetic
7．of 固定搭配 run out of 意为“用完” ，故填介词 of。 8．urgently 副词修饰动词、形容词、副词或句子。故此处应用副词 urgently 修饰动 词 need。 9．required 分析句子结构可知，require 和 amount 之间为逻辑上的动宾关系，故用 过去分词作后置定语。 10．were treated 根据时间状语“at one time”可知，treat 所表示的动作发生在过 去，且动词 treat 和 infections 之间是被动关系，故用一般过去时的被动语态。 Ⅱ.短文改错 After I elected chairman of the students' union of our school, I decided to start a school English newspaper for us student. Together with five schoolmates with excellently English, I tried to cover up what was going on in our school. Beside, we took some wonderful pictures about our school life. When the first issue of the newspaper came out, it was very popular with the students. So far, I had been working as the chief editor for half a year, which helps myself a lot with my leadership skills. In my opinion, start a school newspaper can be fun, but it is an huge responsibility as well. I am really proud of that I've done. 答案：第一句：elected 前加 was; student→students 第二句：excellently→excellent; 去掉 up 第三句：Beside→Besides 第五句：had→have; myself→me 第六句：start→starting; an→a 第七句：that→what Ⅲ.书面表达 假如你是李华，你班交换生 Amy 这两天因身体不适，未能到校上课，请给她写一封邮件， 要点如下： 1．表示安慰； 2．询问她是否能参加下周六学校举行的足球比赛； 3．邀请她下个月到你家共度端午节。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
参考范文： Dear Amy， I am so sorry to learn that you suddenly fell ill.It's never easy to adapt to a new environment, and hopefully you'll soon get used to it. As scheduled, our football match will take place next Saturday.I would greatly appreciate it if you could let me know whether you can take part in it by then.By the way, our traditional Dragon Boat Festival is coming next month.My family and I are all expecting your coming to enjoy the authentic festive atmosphere with us. Don't hesitate to tell me if you need any help.Sincerely hope that you will be well soon. Yours， Li Hua
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