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china daily常用汉英词汇表

矮子里拔将军 choose a general from among the dwarfs--pick the best out of a mediocre bunch 艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) 爱 尔 兰 共 和 军 Irish Republic Army (IRA) 爱 国 民 主 人 士 patriotic democratic personages 爱国统一战线 patriotic united front 爱丽舍宫 Elysé e Palace 爱鸟周 Bird-Loving Week 爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog. 爱心工程 Loving Care Project 安第斯集团峰会(拉美国家) Andean Summit 安家费 settling-in allowance 安居工程 Comfortable Housing Project 安乐死 euthanasia 安理会 Security Council 安全岛 safety strip 安 全 第 一 , 预 防 为 主 Safety first, precaution crucial. 安慰奖 consolation prize 按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost 按 键 式 电 话 push-botton phone; Touch-Tone; keyphone 按揭贷款 mortgage loan 按揭购房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house 按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance 按 资 排 辈 to assign priority according to seniority 暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly 暗箱操作 black case work 奥林匹克精神 the Olympic ideals; the Olympic spirit 奥 姆 真 理 教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult 奥委会 Olympic Committee 澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul 澳 门 特 别 行 政 区 the Macao Special Administration Region (SAR) 巴 解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization 巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse 吧台 bar counter 拔河(游戏) tug-of-war 把关 guard a pass;check on

把握大局 grasp the overall situation 霸权主义 hegemonism 白金汉宫 Buckingham Palace 白领 White collar (早在 1928 年,人们 开始用 white-collar 来形容非体力劳动 者,如老师、公务员等。 “白领”顾名思 义,表示其职业要求着装整齐、清洁。) 白领犯罪 white-collar crime 白领工人 white-collar worker 白马王子 Prince Charming 白皮书 white paper 白热化 be white-hot 白 色 农 业 white agriculture (also called ""white engineering agriculture""; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.) 白色污染 white pollution 白色行情表 white sheet 白手起家 starting from scratch 白雪公主 Snow White 百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle 百年老店 century-old shop 百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing. 摆花架子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance 摆架子 put on airs 摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances 摆 脱 贫 困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty 拜把兄弟 sworn brothers 拜金主义 money worship 拜年 pay New Year call 班车 shuttle bus 班门弄斧 teach one's grandma to suck eggs 斑马线 zebra stripes 搬迁户 a relocated unit or household 搬运工人 transport worker 板儿寸 bush-top 板 楼 , 板 式 楼 slab-type apartment building 版权法 copyright law 版 权 贸 易 copyright licensing business 版 权 所 有 copyright reserved; copyrighted 版税率 royalty rate 办公自动化 OA (Office Automation) 半边天 half the sky 半 成 品 semi-manufactured goods;

semi-finished products 半决赛 semifinals 半决赛四强 four semifinalists 半拉子工程 uncompleted project 半托 day care (for kids) 半脱产 a partial sabbatical from work 伴宴人员 escort 帮 倒 忙 trying to help but causing more trouble in the process 傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags 棒球运动记者 scribe 包车 to charter a vehicle (bus, train car, etc.); a chartered vehicle 包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression) 包房 to reserve rooms in a hotel or guest house for exclusive use 包 干 到 户 work contracted to households 包 干 制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash 包 工 包 料 contract for labor and materials 包购包销 exclusive right to purchase and sell 包 机 charter a plane; a chartered plane 包销人 underwriter 包装业 packaging business 保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy 保 持 国 有 股 keep the State-held shares 保兑银行 confirming bank 保护关税 protective duty/tariff 保护价格 protective price 保护伞 protective umbrella 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment 保护主义 protectionism 保 监 会 the China Insurance Regulatory Commission(CIRC) 保健按摩 therapeutic massage 保健品 health care products 保健食品 health-care food 保理业务 factoring business 保龄球 bowling 保释 on bail;bail out 保税仓库 bonded warehouse

保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area; tax-protected zone 保 外 帮 教 remain out of custody by receiving help from the family or work unit 保息股票 guaranteed stock 保障措施 supporting measures 保证金 margins, collateral 保证金帐户 margin account 保 证 重 点 支 出 ensure funding for priority areas 保 值 储 蓄 inflation-proof bank savings 保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate 保 质 期 shelf (storage) life; guarantee period 报复性关税 retaliatory duty 报关员 declarant 报 国 计 划 的 实 施 implementation of Dedicator's Project 报价单 quotation of prices 报喜不报忧 report only the good but not the bad 报销 apply for reimbursement 暴发户 new rich; upstart (persons or households who suddenly became rich through unscrupulous means or unexpected opportunities) 暴力片 splatter film 爆冷门 produce an unexpected winner; a dark horse bobbing up 北 京 奥 申 委 Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Bidding Committee (BOBICO) 北京四环路 the fourth ring road in Beijing 北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank 北约 NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 备件 spare parts 备用资金 reserve fund 背黑锅 to become a scapegoat 背投屏幕 rear projection screen 被 动 吸 烟 passive smoking; second-hand smoking 被叫方付费电话 Reverse-charge call/ collect telephone call 被摘牌的公司 delisted company 奔 小 康 strive for a relatively comfortable life 本本主义 bookishness 本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip

本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches 本票 cashier's cheque 本土化 localization 笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start. 蹦迪 disco dancing 蹦极 bungee, bungee jumping 逼 上 梁 山 be driven to drastic alternatives 比基尼 bikini 比较经济学 comparative economics 比较文学 comparative literature 比上不足,比下有余 "worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst" 毕业设计 graduation design 毕 业 生 分 配 制 度 assignment of graduates 闭关政策 closed-door policy 闭卷 closed-book exam 闭路电视 close-circuit television 闭门羹 given cold-shoulder 避税 evade tax 避嫌 avoid doing anything that may arouse suspicion 边际报酬 marginal return 边际效益 marginal benefit 边际薪酬 marginal salaries 边 缘 科 学 borderline (boundary) science; fringe (border) discipline 边缘知识人 Marginal intellectuals 边 远 贫 困 地 区 outlying poverty-stricken areas 贬值 devalue, devaluate, depreciate (of a currency) 便当 fast food ;box lunch 便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer 便衣警察 police in plain clothes 变相涨价 disguised inflation 标书 bidding documents 表见代理 agency by estoppel 表 面 文 章 lip service; surface formality 表 演 赛 demonstration match ; exhibition game 冰雕 ice sculpture 冰 毒 "ice, popular name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, a deadly addictive stimulant drug"

兵马俑 terra-cotta figures; soldier and horse figures 并网发电 combined to the grid 剥 夺 冠 军 strip the gold medal of somebody 剥离不良资产 strip bad assets off 伯乐 a good judge of talent (a name of a legendary person in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn Period who excelled in evaluating horses) 博鳌亚洲经济论坛 Boao Forum for Asia (BFA) 博彩(业) lottery industry 博 导 Ph.D. supervisor; doctoral advisor 博士后 post-doctoral 博士生 Ph.D candidate 薄 利 多 销 small profit, large sale volume 薄 利 多 销 small profits but quick returns; small profits and good sales 补偿贸易 compensatory trade 补缺选举 by-election 不 败 记 录 clean record, spotless record 不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force 不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. " 不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. 不 分 上 下 的 总 统 选 举 结 果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result 不感冒 have no interest 不 管 部 部 长 minister without portfolio 不怀恶意的谎言 white lie 不记名投票 secret ballot 不结盟运动 non-aligned movement 不可抗力 force majeure 不 可 再 生 资 源 non-renewable resources 不良贷款 non-performing loan 不买帐 not take it; not go for it 不眠之夜 white night 不 明 飞 行 物 unidentified flying object (UFO) 不惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie 不速之客 gate-crasher 不信任投票 vote of non-confidence 不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city"

不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best 不以物喜,不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses 不正当竞争 unfair competition 布达拉宫 Potala Palace 布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system 步 步 高 升 Promoting to a higher position 步行街 pedestrian street 步行天桥 pedestrian overpass 部长级会议 ministerial meeting 擦边球 "edge ball, touch ball" 擦网球 net ball 才疏学浅 be wanting in ability and shallow in knowledge 才 子 佳 人 gifted scholars and beautiful ladies 财 产 税 property tax; estate (or capital) duty 财务报表 financial statement 财务丑闻 accounting scandal 财务代理人 fiscal agent 财务公开 keep the public informed of the financial affairs 财 政 、 信 贷 双 紧 方 针 policy of tightening control over expenditure and credit 财 政 包 干 fiscal responsibility system 财政赤字 financial deficit 财 政 纪 律 financial and economic discipline 财政年度 fiscal year 财政收入 fiscal revenue 财 政 税 收 revenue tax;fiscal levy;fiscal taxation;financial taxation 裁减冗员 cut down on overstaffing ; lay off redundant staff 裁军 disarmament 采光 lighting 采景 choose a location (for movie, TV drama, etc.) 采暖 heating 采取措施后 ex post 采取措施前 ex ante 采取高姿态 show magnanimity 彩扩 color film processing 菜篮子工程 shopping basket program 菜鸟,新手 green hand 参拜靖国神社 visit to the Yasukuni

war shrine 参股公司 joint stock company 参股者 equity participant 参 政 、 议 政 participate in the management of State affairs 参政党 parties participating in the management of state affairs; parties participating in the government decision-making process 餐巾纸 napkin 餐桌转盘 Lazy Susan 惨淡经营 work hard and carefully to keep one's business going 仓 储 式 超 市 stockroom-style supermarket 藏 书 票 book labels identifying a collector or collection 藏学 Tibetology 操办 make arrangements 操 纵 股 票 市 场 manipulate the stock market 操作系统 operating system 草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass) 草药 herbal medicine 侧记 sidelights 层 层 转 包 和 违 法 分 包 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting 查房 make/go the rounds of the wards 查封 close down 茶道 sado 差额拨款 balance allocation 差额投票 differential voting 差额选举 competitive election 拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul 拆 迁 补 偿 费 compensation for demolition and relocation 拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition 搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value) 禅 dhyana 产假 maternity leave 产粮大省 granary province 产品构成 product composition 产品积压 overstocked products 产品结构 product mix 产品科技含量 technological element

of a product 产 品 生 命 周 期 分 析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) 产权划转和产权变动 the transfer of and changes in property rights of enterprises 产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管 理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and 产 权 制 度 、 产 权 关 系 property relations; property order 产 权 转 让 transference of title of property 产 销 两 旺 both production and marketing thrive directly link 产 销 直 接 挂 钩 production with marketing 产业不景气 industrial depression 产 业 的 升 级 换 代 upgrading of industies 产 业 结 构 升 级 upgrading of an industrial structure 产业升级 upgrade industries 长二捆 LM-2E 长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta 长 江 三 峡和 黄 河小 浪底水 利 枢 纽工 程 the key water projects at the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River and at Xiaolangdi on the Yellow River 长 江 中 下 游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River 长跑 a long-distance running 长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与 共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe " 长期国债 long-term government bonds 长途电话 distant calls 长线产品 product in excessive supply 长治久安 a long period of stability; prolonged political stability; lasting political stability 偿付能力 solvency 常规裁军 conventional disarmament 常 设 国 际 法 庭 permanent international tribunal 常委会 standing committee 常务董事 managing director; excutive director 常 务 理 事 executive member of the

council 常驻代表 permanent representative 常驻记者 resident correspondent 常 驻 联 合 国 代 表 permanent representative to the United Nation 常驻使节 permanent envoy 场内交易人 floor trader 场 外 证 券 市 场 over-the-counter market 敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine 畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project 倡议书 initial written proposal 唱对台戏 stage a rival show; sing different tunes 唱高调 mouth high-sounding words 唱名表决 roll-call vote 唱双簧 play a duet----collaborate; echo each other 超编人员 exceed personnel 超导元素 superconducting elements 超短波 ultrashort wave 超负荷运转 overloaded operation 超 高 速 巨 型 计 算 机 giant ultra-high-speed computer 超 级 巨 型 油 轮 ultra large crude carrier 超前教育 superior education 超 前 消 费 pre-mature consumption; overconsuming; excessive consumption; spend beyond one's means 超前意识 superior consciousness 超 文 本 传 送 协 议 hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) 超载过牧 overgraze 超支户 household (or family) living perpetually in debt 朝阳产业 sunrise industry 潮汐电站 tidal power stations 炒汇 speculate in foreign currency 炒 作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news) 扯皮 shirk; pass the buck 彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force 撤销原案 rescind the case 撤 销 职 务 annul one's position; dismiss/deprive/remove ... from his position; be stripped of; 尘云 dust clouds 沉没成本 sunk cost 晨练 morning exercise 趁 热 打 铁 make hay while the sun shines; strike while the iron is hot

成本分摊 sharing costs 成本效益 cost-effectiveness 成 本 效 益 分 析 cost-efficiency analysis 成分指数 component index 成份指数 component index 成活率 survival rate 成吉思汗 Genghis Khan 成 人 中 等 职 业 技 术 教 育 adult secondary vocational and technical education 成 人 中 等 专 科 学 校 secondary specialized /technical school for adults 成事在天,谋事在人 The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven; Man proposes, God disposes 成套引进 package import 成药 patent medicine 成组技术 group technology 承包 contract with 承 包 经 营 权 contract for the managerial right 承包商 contractor 承购包销 underwrite 承建 contract to build 承销商 underwriter 城际列车 inter-city train 城 市 规 划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning 城市合作银行 urban cooperative bank 城 市 基 础 设 施 建 设 the city's infrastructure construction 城市建设 urban construction 城市经济学 urban economics 城市景观 townscape 城市恐惧症 urbiphobia 城市垃圾 city refuse 城 市 绿 地 urban open space; urban green land 城市绿化 urban landscaping 城 市 美 容 师 urban environmental worker 城市运动会 municipal athletics meet 城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年专业 人 士 , 附 庸 风 雅 , 矫 揉 造 作 cutesification , 崇 尚 竟 品 至 上 boutiqueification , 攀 比 银 行 存 款 bankification 等 摆 阔 作 风 , 由 middle-aged urban yuppie 缩合而成) 城乡电网改造 projects for upgrading urban and rural power grids 城乡信用社 credit corroborative in

both urban and rural areas 城 镇 社 会 保 障 体 系 urban social security system 城 镇 职 工 医 疗 保 险 制 度 改 革 medical insurance for urban workers 乘 务 员 vehicular attendant; conductor 惩办主义 doctrine of punishment 惩前毖后,治病救人 learn from past mistakes and avoid future ones, and to cure the sickness to save the patient 程 控 电 话 program-controlled telephone 程 控 交 换 台 program-controlled telephone switchboard 吃 饱 穿 暖 eat their fill and dress warmly; have enough to eat and wear; have adequate food and clothing 吃 大 锅 饭 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot" 吃 饭 财 政 payroll finance; mouth-feeding budget-----a large proportion of the budget has been earmarked for paying salaries of government functionaries 吃干醋 be jealous ; be green with envy 吃皇粮 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government 吃 劳 保 live on labor insurance allowance 吃老本 live on one's own fat; bask in one's past glory; rest on one's laurels 吃偏饭 enjoy special privilege 吃闲饭 stay idle 吃香 be very popular; be most welcome; be in great demand 吃小亏占大便宜 lose a little but gain much; take small losses for the sake of big gains 痴迷者 addict 持币待购 wait to buy with cash in hand 持平 hold the line 持 续 、 稳 定 、 协 调 发 展 sustained, stable and coordinated development 赤潮 red tides (which appear on the ocean) 赤贫人口 people living in absolute poverty; destitute population 充 电 recharge one's batteries; update one's knowledge; brush up

充 分 调 动 积 极 性 和 创 造 性 give full play to the initiative and creativity 充 分 利 用 两 个 市 场 , 两 种 资 源 fully utilize both domestic and international markets and resources 充值卡 rechargeable card 冲动性购买 impulse buying; impulse shopping 冲 剂 dissolved medicines; instant herbal medicines 冲浪艇 surfboat 冲 帐 strike a balance; counter-balance accounts; reverse an entry 崇洋媚外 worship things foreign and fawn on foreign countries 宠物医院 pet clinic 抽调 transfer a portion 抽检 lucky draw 抽检 spot check 抽杀成功 hit through 抽样调查 sample survey 筹备委员会 preparatory committee 筹划指导委员会 steering committee 筹资 raised capital/proceeds 筹资渠道 fundraising channels 臭老九 stinking ninth category (of class enemies next to landlords, reactionaries and even spies, etc. , a term of abuse by ultra-Leftists for teachers and other educated people in the 1966-1976 Cultural Revolution) 出风头 show off;in the limelight 出国热 craze for going abroad 出家 pravrajana; cloister 出境签证 exit visa 出 口 创 汇 能 力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports 出 口 创 汇 型 产 业 export-oriented industry 出口加工区 export processing zones 出 口 卖 方 信 贷 seller's credit on exports 出口退税率 export rebate rate 出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate 出 口 押 汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill 出 口 转 内 销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports 出笼 release a bad publication, plan,

etc. 出难题偏题 raise out-of-the-way and catchy questions 出气筒 punching bag 出勤率 attendance rate 出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go 出台 unveil fresh policy 出租业务 leasing 除 " 四 害 " eliminate the four pests---rats, bedbugs, flies and mosquitoes 除草剂 weed killer 储备基金 reserve funds 储币待购 save for purchases 储运 storage and transport 处理存货 sell-off 处 理 价 格 bargain price; reduced price 处理品 items for disposal 触摸屏 touchscreen 穿梭外交 shuttle diplomacy 穿小鞋 make it hot for; make trouble for 穿 新 鞋 走 老 路 wearing new shoes to walk on the old path; change in form but not in content; put old wine in new wineskins 穿针引线 act as go-between 传媒 media 传统产业 conventional industries 传 销 pyramid sales; multi-level marketing 船务公司 shipping service company 窗口行业 various service trades 创 建 卫 生 城 市 build a nationally advanced clean city 创利 generate profit 创 业 精 神 enterprising spirit; pioneering spirit 创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park 创业者 start-up 创意 create new ideas or concepts 吹风会 (advanced) briefing 垂直管理 vertical management 垂直贸易 vertical trade 春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program 春 运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival 春运 passenger transport around the Chinese lunar new year 纯净水 purified water 辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and

usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new 磁卡电话 magnetic card telephone "Maglev train 磁 悬 浮 列 车 (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train " 此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence. 次大陆 subcontinent 次新股 sub-new stock 从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy 从零开始 start from scratch 从 群 众 中 来 , 到 群 众 中 去 from the masses, to the masses 从众心理 group psychology 凑份子 club together 粗放经营 extensive operation 粗放式管理 extensive management 粗放型 extensive form 粗加工产品 rough-wrought product 促 进 对 外 贸 易 多 元 化 diversify our trading partners; promote the diversification of foreign trade foster 促 进 全 球 经 济 一 体 化 integration with the global economy 促销 promote sales; promotion 催泪弹 tear gas 存储能力 storage capacity 存 款 保 证 金 guaranty money for deposits 存款单 Certificates of Deposits 存 款 准 备 金 制 度 reserve against deposit system 存量资本 stock of capital 搭错车 follow a wrong train; join in a wrong group; follow a wrong example;wrong act because of wrong judgement or rash imitation 搭售 conditional sale; tie-in sale 搭送 throw in 达标活动 target hitting activities 答谢宴会 return banquet 打白条 issue IOU 打包贷款 packing credit (loan) 打包儿 use doggy bags to take food home 打保票 vouch for somebody; guarantee something 打出王牌 play one's trump card 打 翻 身 战 fight to change for the

better 打工 do work for others 打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering 打 击 报 复 conduct reprisals; retaliate 打 击 非 法 投 机 活 动 strike out at speculation; crack down on speculation 打假 crack down on counterfeit goods 打 假 办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products 打卡机 punch machine 打开天窗说亮话 put all ards on the table; speak frankly; let's not mince matters 打口碟 cracked CD 打破“三铁” break the Three Irons: iron armchairs(life-time posts), iron rice bowl(life-time employment)and iron wages (guaranteed pay) 打破僵局 break the deadlock 打顺手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove" 打私 combat smuggling 打问号 have some question or doubt 打小报告的人 squealer 打游击 work in unfixed places; work as a seasonal labour 大案要案 major cases 大吃大喝 belly-worship 大包大揽 take on the all things 大 包 干 all-round responsibility system 大病统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease 大藏经 Tripitaka 大酬宾 give a large discount to one's customers or guests 大出血 make a big markdown 大 而 全 large and comprehensive; large and all-inclusive 大 规 模 杀 伤 性 武 器 mass destruction weapon 大 锅 饭 egalitarian practice of everyone taking food from the same big pot 大轰动 blockbuster 大 环 境 the social, political and economic environment; the over-all situation 大 换 血 an overall renewal of the

membership of an organization 大减价 markdown sales 大贱卖 big offering 大奖赛 prize-giving competition 大 开 眼 界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener 大款 tycoon 大力扣杀 hammer 大龄青年 single youngsters who have exceeded the lawful marriage age (In China the age atatus of this group of people is around thirty in age. To be a short term, it is also called overage youth) 大 路 货 1.cheap goods; 2. popular goods of fine quality 大满贯 grand slam 大排挡 sidewalk snack booth; large stall 大排档 food stall 大气候 state policies and priciples; overall atmosphere 大人物 a great man; a big potato; very important person (VIP) 大撒把 totally laissez-faire 大胜 white wash 大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all 大碗茶 stall tea 大腕 top notch, big shot 大卫教 ranch Davidian 大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series 大型廉价商店 warehouse store 大 学 生 创 业 university students' innovative undertaking 大 要 案 major and serious criminal cases 大昭寺 Jokhang Temple. 大 众 传 媒 mass media (of communications) 大专生 junior college student 大专文凭 associate degree 大 做 文 章 make a big fuss about something 呆帐 dead account 代沟 generation gap 代理服务 agency service 代 培 train on contract; be commissioned to train; directional training 代销店 commission agent

代职 function in an acting capacity 带 薪 分 流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits 带薪假期 paid holiday 待 岗 "await job assignment, post-waiting" 待业 job-waiting 待业人员 job-waiting people 贷学金 student loan 单边主义 unilateralism 单刀赴会 start a solo run 单亲家庭 single-parent family 单身贵族 the single 单挑 do something by oneself; work on one's own 单向收费 One-way charge system 单循环制 single round-robin system 单一经济 one sided economy; single product economy 单一种植 single cropping 弹道导弹 ballistic missile 弹性工资 flexible pay 弹性就业 flexible employment 弹性外交 elastic diplomacy 淡季 dead or slack season 淡水恶化 freshwater degradation 蛋白质工程 protein engineering 当前用户 active user 当 作 耳 旁 风 turn a deaf ear to something 挡箭牌 excuse; pretext 党 代 会 congress of party representatives 党风建设 construction of the Party conduct 党群关系 Party-masses relationship 党外人士 non-Party personage; public figure outside the Party 党性 Party spirit 党 政 机 关 Party and government organizations 党总支 Party general branch 导播 instructor in broadcasting 导弹发射场 missile launching site; missile site 导 弹 护 卫 舰 (guided) missile destroyer 倒 春 寒 unusually cold spell in an otherwise warm early spring 倒挂销售 sell at a price lower than the purchasing price

倒汇 speculate in foreign currency 倒计时 countdown 倒买倒卖 profiteering 倒 票 speculative reselling of tickets 倒爷 profiteer 捣浆糊 give the runaround; run wild; act restlessly 盗版 VCD pirated VCD 盗 打 ( 电 话 ) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means 盗用公款 embezzlement 道德法庭 court of ethics 德 才 兼 备 have both political integrity and ability; people who possess both political integrity and professional ability 德 高 望 重 be of high integrity and prestige; enjoy high prestige and command universal respect; be of noble character and enjoys high prestige 德智体美劳 "all around development of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetics and labour education " 登革热 Dengue Fever 登月舱 lunar module 等额选举 single-candidate election 等价交换 equal value exchange 等距离外交 equidistant diplomacy 等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects" 邓小平理论 Deng Xiaoping Theory 邓 小 平 外 交 思 想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts 低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach) 低谷 all-time low; at a low ebb 低级市 prefecture-level city 低价住房 low-cost housing 低空飞行 low-altitude flying 低水平重复建设 low-level redundant development 滴入式经济 trickle-down economy 迪斯尼乐园 Disney Land 敌对势力 hostile forces 底夸克 bottom quark 抵抗全球经济衰退 combat the global economic slump 抵免 offset 地磁暴 geomagnetic storm caused by the activities of the sunspot 地 对 地 导 弹 surface-to-surface ballistic missiles

地方保护主义 regional protectionism 地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances 地勤人员 ground crew 地球村 global village 地球末日 geocide 地球日 Earth Day (April 22) 地区霸权主义 regional hegemonism 地区差异 regional disparity 地热资源 geothermal resources 地市级城市 prefecture-level city 地下出版物 underground publications 地下经济 underground economy 地下钱庄 illegal private bank 地效飞机 land-effet plane 地震 earthquak, quake 地 震 棚 earthquake shelter-tents (used as emergency shelter after an earthquake) 第二产业 secondary industry 第二上市 secondary listing 第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector 第 三 代 移 动 电 话 (3G 手 机 ) third generation mobile; 3G mobile 第一发球权 first inning 第一发球员 first server 第一双打 first pair 点播节目 request programme 点面结合 integrate point and sphere 点名册 roll book 点球 penalty kick 点子公司 consultancy company 电 大 college courses broadcast on television 电 话 号 码 升 位 upgrade telephone number 电话会议 teleconference 电话会议呼叫 Conference calling 电话留言机 answering machine 电 老 虎 electricity guzzler; big power consumer 电脑病毒 computer virus 电脑空间 cyberspace 电脑盲 computer illiterate 电脑迷 mouse potato 电 脑 校 对 机 electronic-brain collator 电视发射台 television network 电视会议 video conference 电视直销 TV home shopping 电信运营商 telecom operators

电子报刊 electronic press 电子出版 electronic publishing 电子词典 electronic dictionary 电子耳 electronic ears 电 子 公 告 牌 bulletin board service (BBS); E-business; E-commerce 电子商务平台 e-commerce platform 电 子 商 务 认 证 e-business certification 电 子 数 据 交 换 业 务 electronic data interchange service 垫 付 "advancement, payment on account" 吊带衫 sun-top, tank-top 吊球 drop shot 吊胃口 tempt (someone with something); stimulate someone's desire 吊销执照 revoke license angling engineering 钓 鱼 工 程 projects 调酒师 bartender 调 侃 1.joke, tease; 2. chitchat, empty talk 掉价 fall in price; degrade oneself 跌幅 range of a price drop 跌眼镜 have people drop glasses (make unexpected mistakes so as to shock people with wonder and have them drop their glasses) 丁克一族 DINK (Double Income No Kids) 钉 子 户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project;nail household 定编 personnel allocation 定调子 set the tone 定额计酬 quota remuneration 定向培训 training for specific posts 定 向 增 发 additional stock issue tailed for... 定心丸 mind relief 丢车保帅 give up a pawn to save a chariot; sacrifice something minor to save something major 东盟自由贸易区 ASEAN Free Trade Area 东南亚国家联盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) 动感 dynamic 动感电影 multidimensional movie (3D or 4D etc.) 动迁户 households to be relocated 毒枭 drug trafficker

独立董事 independent director 独 立 关 税 区 separate customs territory 独立国家联合体 the Commonwealth of Independent States 独 立 核 算 工 业 企 业 independent accounting unit(enterprise) 独 联 体 the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 独 生 子 女 the only child in one's family 杜鲁门主义 Truman Doctrine 渡假外交 holiday-making diplomacy 端午节 the Dragon Boat Festival 短 期 放 款 money at call and short notice 短期债务 floating debt 短线产品 products in short supply; goods in short supply 断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man) 断码 short in size 队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband 对...毫无顾忌 make no bones about ... 对冲基金 hedge fund 对等开放 reciprocal opening 对讲机 talkie and walkie 对奖活动 raffle 对牛弹琴 play the harp( (lute) to a cow; cast pearls before a swine 对 外 经 济 技 术 交 流 economic and technological exchange with the outside world; foreign economic and technological exchanges 对外招商 attract foreign investment 对中西部地区适当倾斜 appropriately directed to the central and western areas of the country 敦煌石窟 Dunhuang Grottoes 蹲点 (of cadres) stay at a selected grass-roots spot (for investigation and study) 多 边 贸 易 谈 判 multilateral trade negotiation 多边政策 multilateralism 多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power 多功能性(农业) multifunctionality 多 国 维 持 和 平 部 队 multinational peach-keeping force 多极化 multi-polariation 多极时代 multipolar times 多极世界 multipolar world

多极性 multi-polarized 多劳多得 more pay for more work 多媒体 multimedia 多 媒 体 短 信 服 务 MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service) 多 任 务 小 卫 星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS) 多头市场 bull market 多头账户 long account 多退少补 refund for any overpayment or a supplemental payment for any deficiency 多元化 pluralism 多元社会 pluralistic society 多种经营 diversified economy 多 重 国 籍 plural nationality; multiple nationality 夺标 win the championship 夺冠 take the crown 厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon 恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation 恶性循环 vicious circle 鳄鱼的眼泪 crocodile tears 二 板 市 场 ; 创 业 板 市 场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board ;Chinext;GEM 二次创业 start a new undertaking 二级市场 secondary market 二进宫 "to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)" 二流选手 "scrub, second-rater" 二手房 second-hand house 二元经济 dual economy 发案率 incidence (of criminal cases) 发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan 发展不平衡 disparate development 发 展 是 硬 道 理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need. 法定货币 legal tender 法律硕士 jurist master (jm) 法人代表 legal representative 法人股 corporate shares 法 制 国 家 a state with an adequate legal system 法治国家 a country under the rule of law 翻 版 reprint; reproduction; mirror image

翻盖式移动电话 flip phone 翻两番 quadruple 翻 牌 公 司 government-body-turned company 反 败 为 胜 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire" 反补贴税 countervailing duty 反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means 反 弹 道 导 弹 条 约 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) 反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government 反 倾 销 措 施 anti-dumping measures against … 汎士通轮胎 Firestone tires 防 抱 死 系 统 ABS (anti-lock braking system) 防盗门 burglarproof door; antitheft door 防洪工程 flood-prevention project 防守反击(足球用语) counterattack 防伪标志 anti-fake label 房产估价师 real estate evaluator 房 产 证 property ownership certificate 房产置换 buy or exchange houses 房虫儿 real estate speculator 房管 real estate management 房权证 property right certificate 访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮 相进行的竞选) talk-show campaign 放高球 lob 放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs 放心店 trustworthy shop 放心肉 quality-assured meat 放行单 release permit 飞毛腿(导弹) Scud missile 飞行药检 spot check 非典型性肺炎(严重急性呼吸道综合症) atypical pneumonia(severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)) ) 非 对 称 数 字 用 户 环 路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL) 非国有工业企业 non-state industrial enterprises 非劳动收入 Income not from work 非配额产品 quota-free products 非商标(非专利)产品 generic products 非 银 行 金 融 机 构 non-bank financial

institutions 非洲、 加勒比和太平洋国家集团 (洛美协 定 ) ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific Group) 非主流 alternative 废电池 used batteries 费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes 费改税改革 tax-for-fees reform 分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market. 分 流 reposition of redundant personnel 分期付款 installment payment 分税制 system of tax distribution 分 业 经 营 divided operation/ management 粉领 Pink-collar (源于美国,最先见于 《时代周刊》 一般指从事于教育、 , 文书、 售货等行业的女性。 在中国, 也有人用粉 领代表全职的优越家庭环境内的家庭主 妇。) 粉领族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)" 丰富民主形式 Develop diverse forms of democracy 风 险 防 范 机 制 a risk prevention mechanism 风险基金 VC funds 风 险 投 资 venture capital; risk investment 风 险 准 备 金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk 封闭式基金 close-ended fund 封杀出局 force out 封圣 "canonization of ""Saints""" 疯 牛 病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE) 锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash 扶贫 poverty alleviation 扶贫办公室 Poverty Relief Office 服务特色 selling point 服务行业 catering industry 浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages 福利彩票 welfare lotteries 福 利 分 房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system 附 加 税 additional tax; surtax;

supertax 附 加 意 外 险 supplemental accident insurance 附加值 added value 复读机 repeater 复 关 rejoin the GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade) 复 合 型 人 才 inter-disciplinary talent 复式住宅 duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building) 富 贵 病 rich man's disease (which calls for a long period of rest and expensive diet) 覆盖率 coverage rate 改 革 开 放 reform and opening-up; reform and opening to the outside world 改 革 开 放 reform and opening-up; reform and opening to the outside world 改革开放的总设计师 chief architect of the reform and opening up policy 改革开放和社会主义现代化建设 reform and opening and in the modernization drive 改 革 试 点 pilot reform; reform experimentation; pilot restructuring enterprise 盖洛普民意调查 Gallup Poll 盖帽了 great; excellent; wonderful 概念车 concept car 概念商品 concept goods 改 善 农 民 进 城 就 业 环 境 improve the employment environment for rural workers in cities 改善农牧民生产生活条件 improve the living and production conditions of farmers and herdsmen 改 善 缺 医 少 药 的 状 况 alleviate the shortage of medical services and medicines 改 制 上 市 (of an enterprise)get listed on the stock market after being re-organized according the modern corporate system 改 革 开 放和 现 代化 建设的 全 过 程 the entire process of reform, opening-up and modernization 干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业

化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent 干部下放 arrange for cadres to go to work at grassroots units or participate in physical labor 感到不妙 I smell a rat. 尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass 甘居下游 be resigned to backwardness 感 情 投 资 investment in human relationships 赶时髦 follow the fashion; want to be in the swim of things 干细胞 stem cell 感 谢 款 待 的 信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone’s guest) 港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 港 人 治 港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong 岗位津贴 post allowance 改 革 开 放 的 总 设 计师 chief architect of the reform and opening up policy 改革开放和社会主义现代化建设 reform and opening and in the modernization drive 改 革 开 放和 现 代化 建设的 全 过 程 the entire process of reform, opening-up and modernization 改 革 试 点 pilot reform; reform experimentation; pilot restructuring enterprise 改 善 农 民 进 城 就 业 环 境 improve the employment environment for rural workers in cities 改善农牧民生产生活条件 improve the living and production conditions of farmers and herdsmen 改 善 缺 医 少 药 的 状 况 alleviate the shortage of medical services and medicines 改 制 上 市 (of an enterprise)get listed on the stock market after being re-organized according the modern corporate system 改 制 上 市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market. 盖洛普民意调查 Gallup Poll

盖帽了 great; excellent; wonderful 概念车 concept car 概念商品 concept goods 干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业 化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent " 干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业 化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent 干部下放 arrange for cadres to go to work at grassroots units or participate in physical labor 干细胞 stem cell 甘居下游 be resigned to backwardness 尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass 赶时髦 follow the fashion; want to be in the swim of things 感到不妙 I smell a rat. 感情投资 emotion invest 感 情 投 资 investment in human relationships 感 谢 款 待 的 信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone ’ s guest) 岗位津贴 allowance for a certain post 岗位津贴 post allowance 岗位培训 on-the-job training 岗位责任制 work post responsibility 港务局 port office; harbor authority 高保真音乐 hi-fi music 高材生 top student 高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue 高产优质 high yield and high quality 告吹 fizzle out; fall through; fail 高 等 教 育 “211 工 程 ” the “211” Project for higher education 高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination 高度自治 high degree of autonomy 高端产品 high-end product 高发期 high-incidence season 高 分 低 能 high scores and low abilities 高峰 peak time 高峰论坛 summit forum 高 干 high-ranking official; senior cadre

高 杠 杆 交 易 机 构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) 高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) 搞花架子 do something superficial 搞活国营大中型企业 invigorate large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises 告急 be in an emergency; report an emergency; ask for emergency help 高级检察官 senior public procurator

港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 港 人 治 港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong 高级经理人员 high-level managerial personnel; senior personnel 高 级 商 务 师 certified business executive; senior business engineer; high-level economist; senior commercialist 高级设备 sophisticated equipment 高技术产业化 apply high technology to production 高技术产业化 apply high technology to production 高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road 高架轻轨 elevated railway 高 精 尖 技 术 high-grade, high-precision, advanced technology 高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜, 全面贯彻“三 个 代 表 ” 重 要 思 想 hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and carry out the important thoughts of “Three Represents“ 高 考 college (or university) entrance examination 高科技板块 high-tech sector 高难度动作 stunner, stunt 高清晰度 high definition 高清晰度电视 high definition TV 高手 master hand, expert (精通电脑和网络的)高手 geek 高危人群 high-risk group 高消费 high consumption 高效节能 energy-efficient 高 校 扩 招 后 首 批 毕 业 生 college graduates who were the first to be enrolled under the college expansion of 1999 高校扩招计划 college expansion plan 告小状 secretly report on somebody; rat on somebody

高 新 技 术 产 业 开 发 区 high-tech industrial development zone industrial 高 新 技 术 产 业 化 application of new and high technologies 高压手段 high-pressure tactics 高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness 高知 high-level intellectual 高指标 high target 高致病性禽流感 highly pathogenic bird flu 个 案 individual case (involving special circumstances) 各大菜系 major styles of cooking 个股 individual share 各行各业 every walk of life 隔行扫描 interlacing scan 各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability 各就各位 On your marks! 隔离病房 isolation ward (公路)隔离带 median strip 格列佛游记 Gulliver’s Travels 革 命 老 区 old revolutionary base areas 革命气派 revolutionary mettle 革命伤残军人 disabled revolutionary servicemen 鸽派 dove faction 个 人 成 就 感 sense of personal achievement 个 人 储 蓄 帐 户 personal savings account 个人购房贷款 individual housing loan 个 人 结 算 帐 户 personal clearing account 个人理财计划 personal financing plan 各人民团体 mass organizations 个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment 个人收入调节税 individual (personal) income regulation tax 个人数字助理 PDA (personal digital assistant) 个人所得税 personal income tax 个人 信 用 制 度 individual credit rating system 个人演唱会 solo concert 个 人 银 行 卡 帐 户 personal bank card account 个人质押贷款 personal pledged loan 各人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe

one’s own potatoes 个 体 户 , 个 体 经 营 privately or individually-owned business 个体经济 private economy 根本政治制度 fundamental political system 跟屁虫 1.one’s shadow; to tag along; 2. flatterer, boot licker, ass-kisser, brown-noser 跟着感觉走 go with the flow; follow one’s heart; do what one thinks is right 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing 更加注重搞好宏观调控, 更加注重统筹兼 顾 , 更 加 注 重 以 人 为 本 pay more attention to exercising macro-control, balancing the interests of all parties, putting people first. 更快、更高、更强(奥运精神) Citius, Altius, Fortius ( Faster, Higher, Stronger--Olympic Spirit ) 《更紧密经贸关系协议》 CEPA; Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement 个人隐私 individual privacy 各 种 所 有 制 金 融 企 业 financial enterprises of different ownership 工 笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting 共 产 党 领导 下 的多 党合作 与 政 治协 商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party 工程公司 engineering company 工程验收 acceptance check of work 公 房 商 品 化 commercialization of public housing 公费旅游 junket; facility trip 公费医疗 free medical service; free medicare; public health service 功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. 工 夫 茶 congou--a kind of Chinese black tea prepared with care 功夫片 kungfu film 公 告 板 服 务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) 公 共 卫 生 设 施 public health infrastructure 公关 public relations 攻关 tackle a critical point 攻关计划 the Program for Tackling Key Problems

公 积 金 public accumulation fund; public reserve funds 公检法机关 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people’s courts 公开喊价市场 open outcry market 公 款 吃 喝 recreational activities using public funds 工龄工资 seniority pay 公民投票 referendum; plebiscite 公平定价 arm’s-length pricing 公 平 合 理 fairness and justifiableness 工 商 局 industrial and commercial bureau 工 商 联 营 combined management of industry and commerce 工时 man-hour 公 司 分 立 与 解 散 separation and dissolution of a company 公 私 合 营 public-private joint management 公司债券 corporate bonds 共同安全 common security 共同富裕 common prosperity 共同利益 common interests 公务员 civil servant 恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity. 工 薪 阶 层 salaried person/group 公休 work recess 供养资金 funding 工业股票 industrial stock 工 业 化 和 城 镇 化 水 平 levels of industrialization and urbanization 工 业 控 制 一 体 化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration 工业停滞 industrial stagnation 工业园区 industrial park 公益广告 public-interest ad 公益活动 public benefit activities 公益林 public welfare forest 公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings 公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings 公证 notary service 公证财产 notarize the properties 公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open 公众投资 public investments 工资税 payroll tax 工资削减 pay-cut

工作狂 workaholic 工作室 studio 工作午餐 working lunch 公平竞争 fair competition 公 开 或 变 相 涨 价 to raise prices openly or in convert forms 公司犯罪 corporate abuse / crime / cheat / fraud / wrongdoing / misconduct 共同关心的问题 issue of common concern 共同基金 mutual funds 公有制 public ownership 公有制为主体、 多种所有制经济共同发展 的 基 本 经 济 制 度 the basic economic system of keeping public ownership as the mainstay of the economy and allowing diverse forms of ownership to develop side by side 购买力 purchasing power 购 买 欲 desire to buy; desire to purchase 狗腿子 henchman; lackey; hired thug 购物车 shopping trolley 购物券 coupon 构想 conceptualization 狗 仔 队 “dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)“ 股本 share capital 股本回报率 return on equity 股本金 equity capital 固 定 电 话 运 营 商 fixed-line telecom carrier 固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones 固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets 股东会 board of shareholders 股份公司 joint-stock company 股份合作制 shareholding cooperative system 有 限 责 任 公 司 limited liability company 股 份 有 限 公 司 limited liability company 股 份 制 shareholding system; joint-stock system 骨干企业 key enterprise 鼓励奖 consolation prize 高 精 尖 技 术 high-grade, high-precision, advanced technology 高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜, 全面贯彻 “三

个代表”重要思想 hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and carry out the important thoughts of “ Three Represents” 高 考 (university) entrance examination 高科技板块 high-tech sector 高难度动作 stunner, stunt 高清晰度 high definition 高清晰度电视 high definition TV 高手 master hand, expert 高手(精通电脑和网络的) geek 高危人群 high-risk group 高消费 high consumption 高效节能 energy-efficient 高 校 扩 招 后 首 批 毕 业 生 college graduates who were the first to be enrolled under the college expansion of 1999 高校扩招计划 college expansion plan 高 新 技 术 产 业 化 industrial application of new and high technologies 高 新 技 术 产 业 开 发 区 high and new technology industrial development zone 高 新 技 术 产 业 开 发 区 high-tech industrial development zone 高压手段 high-pressure tactics 高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness 高知 high-level intellectual 高指标 high target 高 致 病 性 禽 流 感 highly pathogenic bird flu 搞花架子 do something superficial 搞活国营大中型企业 invigorate large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises 告吹 fizzle out; fall through; fail 告急 be in an emergency; report an emergency; ask for emergency help 告小状 secretly report on somebody; rat on somebody 鸽派 dove faction 个 人 成 就 感 sense of personal achievement 个 人 储 蓄 帐 户 personal savings account 个人购房贷款 individual housing loan 个 人 结 算 帐 户 personal clearing account 个人理财计划 personal financing plan

各人民团体 mass organizations 个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment 个人收入调节税 individual (personal) income regulation tax 个人数字助理 PDA (personal digital assistant) 个人所得税 personal income tax 个人 信 用 制 度 individual credit rating system 个人演唱会 solo concert 个 人 银 行 卡 帐 户 personal bank card account 个人质押贷款 personal pledged loan 各人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one’s own potatoes 个 体 户 , 个 体 经 营 privately or individually-owned business 个体经济 private economy 根本政治制度 fundamental political system 跟屁虫 1.one’s shadow; to tag along; 2. flatterer, boot licker, ass-kisser, brown-noser 跟着感觉走 go with the flow; follow one’s heart; do what one thinks is right 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing 更加注重搞好宏观调控, 更加注重统筹兼 顾 , 更 加 注 重 以 人 为 本 pay more attention to exercising macro-control, balancing the interests of all parties, putting people first. 更快、更高、更强(奥运精神) Citius, Altius, Fortius ( Faster, Higher, Stronger--Olympic Spirit ) 《更紧密经贸关系协议》 CEPA; Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement 个人隐私 individual privacy 各 种 所 有 制 金 融 企 业 financial enterprises of different ownership 工 笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting 共 产 党 领导 下 的多 党合作 与 政 治协 商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party 工程公司 engineering company 工程验收 acceptance check of work 公 房 商 品 化 commercialization of public housing

公费旅游 junket; facility trip 公费医疗 free medical service; free medicare; public health service 功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. 工 夫 茶 congou--a kind of Chinese black tea prepared with care 功夫片 kungfu film 公 告 板 服 务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) 公 共 卫 生 设 施 public health infrastructure 公关 public relations 攻关 tackle a critical point 攻关计划 the Program for Tackling Key Problems 公 积 金 public accumulation fund; public reserve funds 公检法机关 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people’s courts 公开喊价市场 open outcry market 公 款 吃 喝 recreational activities using public funds 工龄工资 seniority pay 公民投票 referendum; plebiscite 公平定价 arm’s-length pricing 公 平 合 理 fairness and justifiableness 工 商 局 industrial and commercial bureau 工 商 联 营 combined management of industry and commerce 工时 man-hour 公 司 分 立 与 解 散 separation and dissolution of a company 公 私 合 营 public-private joint management 公司债券 corporate bonds 共同安全 common security 共同富裕 common prosperity 共同利益 common interests 公务员 civil servant 恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity. 工 薪 阶 层 salaried person/group 公休 work recess 供养资金 funding 工业股票 industrial stock 工 业 化 和 城 镇 化 水 平 levels of industrialization and urbanization 工 业 控 制 一 体 化 integrated industrial control; industrial

control of integration 工业停滞 industrial stagnation 工业园区 industrial park 公益广告 public-interest ad 公益活动 public benefit activities 公益林 public welfare forest 公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings 公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings 公证 notary service 公证财产 notarize the properties 公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open 公众投资 public investments 工资税 payroll tax 工资削减 pay-cut 工作狂 workaholic 工作室 studio 工作午餐 working lunch 公平竞争 fair competition 公 开 或 变 相 涨 价 to raise prices openly or in convert forms 公司犯罪 corporate abuse / crime / cheat / fraud / wrongdoing / misconduct 共同关心的问题 issue of common concern 共同基金 mutual funds 公有制 public ownership 公有制为主体、 多种所有制经济共同发展 的 基 本 经 济 制 度 the basic economic system of keeping public ownership as the mainstay of the economy and allowing diverse forms of ownership to develop side by side 革 命 老 区 old revolutionary base areas 革命气派 revolutionary mettle 革命伤残军人 disabled revolutionary servicemen 格列佛游记 Gulliver’s Travels 格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels 隔离病房 isolation ward 隔离带(公路)median strip 隔行扫描 interlacing scan 个 案 individual case (involving special circumstances) 个股 individual share 个股 individual share 个 人 收 入 调 节 税 personal earnings regulation tax 个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

个人数字助理 PDA (personal digital assistant) 个人所得税 personal income tax 个人信用制度 credit rating system 个人演唱会 solo concert 个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes 个 体 工 商 户 privately or individually-owned business 个体经济 private economy 各大菜系 major styles of cooking 各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability 各就各位 On your marks! 各就位 " ""On your marks!""" 各行各业 every walk of life 根本政治制度 fundamental political system 跟屁虫 1.one's shadow; to tag along; 2.flatterer, boot licker, ass-kisser, brown-noser 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing 更 快 、 更 高 、 更 强 Citius, Altius, Fortius 工 笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting 工程公司 engineering company 工程验收 acceptance of work 工 商 局 industrial and commercial bureau 工 商 联 营 combined management of industry and commerce 工时 man-hour 工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person 工 业 控 制 一 体 化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration 工业园区 industrial park 工资税 payroll tax 工资削减 pay-cut 公 房 商 品 化 commercialization of public housing 公费旅游 junket; facility trip 公费医疗 medical services at state expense; socialized medicine; free medicare 公 告 板 服 务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) 公积金 "public accumulation funds, public reserve funds" 公 检 法 " public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's

courts" 公开喊价市场 open outcry markets 公 款 吃 喝 recreational activities using public funds 公司犯罪 corporate abuse / crime / cheat / fraud / wrongdoing / misconduct 公 司 分 立 与 解 散 separation and dissolution of a company 公务员 civil servants; governmental employee 公休 sabbatical leave 公益活动 public benefit activities 公益林 public welfare forest 公正、 公平、 公开 "just, fair and open" 公证财产 notarize the properties 功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. 恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity. 共 产 党 领导 下 的多 党合作 与 政 治协 商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party 共同富裕 common prosperity 狗 仔 队 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)" 购买力 purchasing power 购买力 purchasing power 购 买 欲 desire to buy; desire to purchase 狗腿子 henchman; lackey; hired thug 购物车 shopping trolley 购物券 coupon 构想 conceptualization 狗 仔 队 “dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)“ 股本 share capital 股本回报率 return on equity 股本金 equity capital 固 定 电 话 运 营 商 fixed-line telecom carrier 固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones 固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets 股东会 board of shareholders 股份公司 joint-stock company 股份合作制 shareholding cooperative

system 有 限 责 任 公 司 limited liability company 股 份 有 限 公 司 limited liability company 股 份 制 shareholding system; joint-stock system 骨干企业 key enterprise 鼓励奖 consolation prize 股本 share capital 股本回报率 return on equity 股本金 equity capital 股民 investor 股民 investor 股票期权 the stock option 股 票 转 让 制 度 the stock-transfer system 股 市 行 情 the ups and downs of the stock market 股指 stock index 刮鼻子 criticize; reprimand 挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to 挂靠户 an adjunct organization 挂牌开业 hang out one’s shingle; put one’s name plate in (a certain street) 挂 职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one’s position in the previous unit 挂职下放 transfer to lower units with one’s post retained 关闭效应 blackout effect 观潮派 those who take a wait-and-see attitude; fence-straddler 观光电梯 sightseeing (tourist) lift 关联交易 connected transaction 关贸总协定(世界贸易组织的前身) GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 关门态度 closed-door attitude 官商 state-operated commerce 关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall 关税配额 tariff quota 关 停 并 转 close down, suspend operation, merge with others or shift to different line of production; rationalize 观望态度 wait-and-see attitude 关 系 网 connection network; relationship network 关于进一步加强农村教育工作的决定

Decision on Further Strengthening Rural Education 冠状病毒 corona virus 关税配额 tariff quota 关 停 并 转 close down, suspend operation, merge with others or shift to different line of production; rationalize 观望态度 wait-and-see attitude 关 系 网 connection network; relationship network 关于进一步加强农村教育工作的决定 Decision on Further Strengthening Rural Education 冠状病毒 corona virus 广播电视大学 radio and television university 光碟,光盘 compact disk; CD 广而告之 publicize widely 广告词 jingle 广告代理行 advertising agent 广 告 电 话 直 销 direct response advertising 广告画 poster 广告妙语 attention-getter 广告人 advertising man; adman 广 告 宣 传 车 loudspeaker van; sound truck 光谷 optical valley 光机电一体化 “optical, mechanical and electronic integration“ 广交会 The China Export Commodities Fair 广开财路 make full use of all talents 广开就业门路 create more employment opportunities 光缆 optic cable 光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine 光通信 photo-communication; optical communication 广域网 wide area network (WAN) 广种薄收 extensive cultivation; wide sowing but meager harvest—a method of cultivation: the cultivated area is large but the per area yield is relatively low 管理办法 measures for administration 管 理 规 定 provisions on administration 管 理 条 例 regulations on administration 关税下调 tariff reduction 固定汇率 fixed exchange rate 股份制改 造 shareholding reform

规避 circumvention 轨道站 orbit station 规 范 分 配 秩 序 Rationalize the relations of income distribution 规 范 民 办 教 育 standardize non-government funded schools 归国留学生 returned students 归 口 管 理 put under centralized management by specialized departments; centralized management by specified departments 规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale 规模经营 scale management 规模效益 scale merit 归侨 returned overseas Chinese 皈依三宝 become a Buddhist 轨道舱 orbital module 滚雪球 snowball -- (of a plan, problem, etc.) to grow bigger on an increasing rate 国奥队 the National Olympic Team 国 产 化 率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components 过度放牧 overgraze 过度开垦 excess land reclamation 过 度 投 资 行 业 over-invested industries 国 防 动 员 体 制 the mobilization for national defense 国防动员体制 the mobilization system for national defense 国 防 科 工 委 State Commission of Science and Technology for National Defense Industry 国货 domestics 过火 go too far 国际奥委会 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) 国 际 标 准 化 组 织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 国际承诺 international commitments 国 际 公 认 的 警 戒 线 internationally accepted alarm level 国 际 惯 例 international common practice 国际海域 international waters 国 际 化 战 略 internationalization strategy 国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund) 国 际 禁 止 化 学 武 器 组 织 organization

for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) 国际恐怖主义 international terrorism 国 际 劳 工 组 织 ILO (International Labor Organization) 国际联盟 international coalition 国际贸易伙伴 international trading partner 国计民生 the national economy and the people’s livelihood 《 国 际 民 用 航 空 公 约 》 (1944) The International Civil Aviation Covenant 国际清算 international settlement 国 际 日 期 变 更 线 International Date Line (IDL) 国 际 商 业 机 器 公 司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM) 国际社会 the international community 国 际 收 支 不 平 衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment 国际玩笑 play a large-scale joke 《 国 际 先 驱 论 坛 报 》 International Herald Tribune 国际自然保护联盟 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 国 际 足 球 联 盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 国家财政贴息贷款 discount government loan 国家创新体系 state innovation system 国 家 环 保 总 局 State Environmental Protection Administration 国 家 级 特 殊 津 贴 special state allowance 国家级卫生城市 state-level hygiene city 国 家 经 济 体 制 改 革 委 员 会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems 国 家 控 股 公 司 state-controlling company 国 家 普 通 话 水 平 考 试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua 国家体育总局 State Physical Culture Administration 国家外汇储备 state foreign exchange reserves 国 家 一 级 保 护 first-grade State protection 国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

国家中长期科学和技术发展规划 a national medium- to long-range program for scientific and technological development 国 家 重 点科 技攻 关 项目 national key scientific and technological project 国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team 过境签证 transit visa 国库券 treasury bonds 过劳死 karoshi; death from overwork 国民党 Kuomintang 国民经济的综合平衡 overall balance in national economy 国民经济支柱产业 pillar industry in national economy 国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP) 国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP) 国内游 inbound tourism 过山车 roller coaster 国事访问 state visit 过失赔偿责任;无过失赔偿责任 liability with fault ; liability without fault 过失责任 liability of fault 国书 state credentials 国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace 国 土 资 源 部 Ministry of Land and Resources 国 土 资 源 管 理 land and resources administration 国外旅游 overseas travel 国务卿 Secretary Of State (in America) 过硬 have a perfect mastery of 过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little 国有独资商业银行 wholly state-funded commercial bank 国有股 state-owned shares 国 有 股 减 持 state stock reduction; reduce state’s stake in listed companies 国有及国有控股工业企业 state-owned industrial enterprises and enterprises whose controlling stake was owned by the state 国 有 企 业 股 份 制 改 革 继 续 推 进 fresh progress was made in transforming

state-owned enterprises into stock companies 国有企业下岗职工基本生活保障向失业 保 险 并 轨 integrate the subsistence allowances for laid-off workers into the unemployment insurance system 国有商业银行股份制改造试点方案 pilot plan to transform state-owned commercial banks into stock entities 国 有 资 产 管 理 体 制 State property management system 国 有 资 产 监 督 管 理 委 员 会 the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission 国 有 资 产 流 失 loss of state-owned assets 国债贴息贷款 T-bond discount loans 国债投资 treasury bond investment 国 债 专 项 资 金 special fund for treasury bond 国 债 资 金 重 点 项 目 责 任 制 the responsibility system for key projects funded by treasury bonds 果子狸 civet cat 国家计划和财政政策、 货币政策等相互配 合的宏观调控体系 the macro-economic regulation system by integrating State planning with fiscal and monetary policies 国 家 审 判 权 the judicial authority of the State 国际部队 international forces 国际关系民主化 practice democracy in international relations 国际社会 international community 国情 national conditions 国务委员 state councilor 国务院令 Decree of the State Council 国 务 院 通 知 Circular of the State Council 国有商业银行 State-owned commercial bank 国务委员 state councilor 国务院令 Decree of the State Council 国 务 院 通 知 Circular of the State Council 国有商业银行 State-owned commercial bank 股票期权 the stock option 股 市 行 情 the ups and downs of the stock market 骨干企业 key enterprise 鼓励奖 consolation prize 固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones

固 定 电 话 运 营 商 fixed-line telecom carrier 固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets 挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to 挂靠户 an adjunct organization 挂 职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit 挂职下放 transfer to lower units with one's post retained 关联交易 connected transaction 关贸总协定(世界贸易组织的前身) GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 关 税 壁 垒 customs barrier; tariff wall 关税配额 tariff quota 关 停 并 转 close down, suspend operation, merge with others or shift to different line of production; rationalize 观光电梯 sightseeing (tourist) lift 官商 state-operated commerce 光谷 optical valley 光 机 电 一 体 化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration" 光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine 光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication 广 播 电 视 大 学 radio and television university 广 播 电 视 大 学 radio and television university 光碟,光盘 compact disk; CD 广而告之 publicize widely 广告词 jingle 广告代理行 advertising agent 广 告 电 话 直 销 direct response advertising 广告画 poster 广告妙语 attention-getter 广告人 advertising man; adman 广 告 宣 传 车 loudspeaker van; sound truck 光谷 optical valley 光机电一体化 “optical, mechanical and electronic integration“ 广交会 The China Export Commodities Fair

广开财路 make full use of all talents 广开就业门路 create more employment opportunities 光缆 optic cable 光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine 光通信 photo-communication; optical communication 广域网 wide area network (WAN) 广种薄收 extensive cultivation; wide sowing but meager harvest—a method of cultivation: the cultivated area is large but the per area yield is relatively low 管理办法 measures for administration 管 理 规 定 provisions on administration 管 理 条 例 regulations on administration 关税下调 tariff reduction 固定汇率 fixed exchange rate 股份制 改造 shareholding reform 规避 circumvention 轨道站 orbit station 规 范 分 配 秩 序 Rationalize the relations of income distribution 规 范 民 办 教 育 standardize non-government funded schools 归国留学生 returned students 归 口 管 理 put under centralized management by specialized departments; centralized management by specified departments 规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale 规模经营 scale management 规模效益 scale merit 归侨 returned overseas Chinese 皈依三宝 become a Buddhist 轨道舱 orbital module 滚 雪 球 snowball -- (of a plan, problem, etc.) to grow bigger on an increasing rate 国奥队 the National Olympic Team 国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components 过度放牧 overgraze 过度开垦 excess land reclamation 过 度 投 资 行 业 over-invested industries 国 防 动 员 体 制 the mobilization for national defense 国防动员体制 the mobilization system

for national defense 国 防 科 工 委 State Commission of Science and Technology for National Defense Industry 国货 domestics 过火 go too far 国际奥委会 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) 国 际标准 化 组 织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 国际承诺 international commitments 国 际 公 认 的 警 戒 线 internationally accepted alarm level 国 际 惯 例 international common practice 国际海域 international waters 国 际 化 战 略 internationalization strategy 国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund) 国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) international 国 际 恐 怖 主 义 terrorism 国 际 劳 工 组 织 ILO (International Labor Organization) 国际联盟 international coalition 国际贸易伙伴 international trading partner 国计民生 the national economy and the people’s livelihood 《 国 际 民 用 航 空 公 约 》 (1944) The International Civil Aviation Covenant 国际清算 international settlement 国 际 日 期 变 更 线 International Date Line (IDL) 国 际 商 业 机 器 公 司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM) 国际社会 the international community 国 际 收 支 不 平 衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment 国际玩笑 play a large-scale joke 《 国 际 先 驱 论 坛 报 》 International Herald Tribune 国 际 自 然 保 护 联 盟 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 国 际 足 球 联 盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 国 家 财 政 贴 息 贷 款 discount

government loan 国家创新体系 state innovation system 国 家 环 保 总 局 State Environmental Protection Administration 国 家 级 特 殊 津 贴 special state allowance 国家级卫生城市 state-level hygiene city 国 家 经 济 体 制 改 革 委 员 会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems 国 家 控 股 公 司 state-controlling company 国 家 普 通 话 水 平 考 试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua 国家体育总局 State Physical Culture Administration 国家外汇储备 state foreign exchange reserves 国 家 一 级 保 护 first-grade State protection 国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision 国家中长期科学和技术发展规划 a national medium- to long-range program for scientific and technological development 国家重点科技攻关项目 national key scientific and technological project 国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team 过境签证 transit visa 国库券 treasury bonds 过劳死 karoshi; death from overwork 国民党 Kuomintang 国民经济的综合平衡 overall balance in national economy 国民经济支柱产业 pillar industry in national economy 国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP) 国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP) 国内游 inbound tourism 过山车 roller coaster 广告词 jingle 广 告 电 话 直 销 direct response advertising 广告妙语 attention-getter 广告人 advertising man; adman 广 告 宣 传 车 loudspeaker van; sound truck 广域网 wide area network (WAN)

归国留学生 returned students 归 口 管 理 put under centralized management by specialized departments; centralized management by specified departments 规避 circumvention 规 范 分 配 秩 序 Rationalize the relations of income distribution 规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale 规模效益 scale merit 皈依三宝 become a Buddhist 国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components 国 防 动 员 体 制 the mobilization for national defense 国际奥委会 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) 国 际 标 准 化 组 织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 国 际 惯 例 international common practice 国际海域 international waters 国 际 化 战 略 internationalization strategy 国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund) 国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) 国 际 劳 工 组 织 ILO (International Labor Organization) 国际清算 international settlement 国 际 日 期 变 更 线 International Date Line (IDL) 国事访问 state visit 过失赔偿责任;无过失赔偿责任 liability with fault ; liability without fault 过失责任 liability of fault 国书 state credentials 国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace 国 土 资 源 部 Ministry of Land and Resources 国 土 资 源 管 理 land and resources administration 国外旅游 overseas travel 国务卿 Secretary Of State (in America) 过硬 have a perfect mastery of 过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as

wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little 国有及国有控股工业企业 state-owned industrial enterprises and enterprises whose controlling stake was owned by the state 国 有 企 业 股 份 制 改 革 继 续 推 进 fresh progress was made in transforming state-owned enterprises into stock companies 国有企业下岗职工基本生活保障向失业 保险并轨 integrate the subsistence allowances for laid-off workers into the unemployment insurance system 国有商业银行股份制改造试点方案 pilot plan to transform state-owned commercial banks into stock entities 国 有 资 产 监 督 管 理 委 员 会 the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission 果子狸 civet cat 国家计划和财政政策、 货币政策等相互配 合的宏观调控体系 the macro-economic regulation system by integrating State planning with fiscal and monetary policies 国 家 审 判 权 the judicial authority of the State 国际部队 international forces 国际关系民主化 practice democracy in international relations 国际社会 international community 国情 national condition 国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace 国土局 Land and Resources Bureau 国 有 独 资 商 业 银 行 wholly state-funded commercial bank 国有股 state-owned shares 国 有 股 减 持 state stock reduction; reduce state's stake in listed companies 国 有 资 产 管 理 体 制 State property management system 国有资产流失 loss of state assets 国债贴息贷款 T-bond discount loans 国债投资 treasury bond investment 国 债 专 项 资 金 special fund for treasury bond 国 债 资 金 重 点 项 目 责 任 制 the responsibility system for key projects funded by treasury bonds 过度开垦 excess reclamation 过劳死 karoshi; death from overwork

过山车 roller coaster 过失赔偿责任;无过失赔偿责任 liability with fault ; liability without fault 过失责任 liability of fault 过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little 海关完税价值 customs value 海量存储 mass memory 海上救助船 salvage ship 海市蜃楼,镜花水月,无稽之谈 a mare’s nest 海湾战争综合症 the complexities of the Gulf War 海 峡 两 岸 关 系 协 会 ( 海 协 会 ) the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS) 海峡两岸交流基金会(海基会) Strait Exchange Foundation of (Taiwan, China)(SEF) 函授大学 correspondence university 寒带 frigid zone 汉 字 处 理 软 件 Chinese character processing software 旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park 航母 aircraft carrier 航向错误,奉行错误方向 on the wrong tack 豪赌 unrestrained gambling 好 出 风 头 的 运 动 员 "exhibitionist, grandstander " 好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster 好了伤疤忘了疼 once on shore, one prays no more 好球 Strike 好 事 不 出 门 , 恶 事 传 千 里 "Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide. " 合 理 引 导 消 费 guide rational consumption 合 业 经 营 combined operation/ management 合议庭 collegiate bench 和服 Kimono 和平共处五项原则: 互相尊重领土完整 和主权、互不侵犯、互不干涉内政、平等 互 利 、 和 平 共 处 Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other ’ s

internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence 和平演变 peaceful evolution 和气生财 Harmony brings wealth 河道整治 dredging waterway 核军火库 nuclear arsenal 核武器数量 Nuclear Arsenal Size 核销 cancel after verification 核 心 / 非 核 心 资 产 core / non-core assets 核心竞争力 core competitiveness 盒饭 packed meal; box lunch 贺岁片 New Year's Film 黑车 black taxi (a taxi that carries passengers illegally and without a business license) 黑店 gangster inn 黑客 hacker 黑哨 black whistle 黑 社 会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland 黑心棉 shoddy cotton 弘扬和培育民族精神 Carry forward and cultivate the national spirit 红白喜事 wedding and funeral 红包 convert payment; (neutral) red paper containing money as a gift, (derogative) bribe, kickback 红筹股 red chips 红股 bonus share 红马甲 floor broker; floor trader 红 帽 子 企 业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise) 红 旗 单 位 advanced (model) establishment 红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO) 宏观调控 macro-control 鸿门宴 Hongmen banquet--a feast or meeting set up as a trap for the invited 喉舌 mouthpiece 后备工业 supporting industry 后备基金 reserve fund 后防空虚 leave the defense exposed 后台管理 back-stage management 后续投资 follow-up investment 候选城市 the candidate cities 呼叫等待 call waiting

呼叫转移 call forwarding 呼啦圈 hu la hoop 胡同串子 peddler; hawker 胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded) 虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg. 互动广告 interactive advertisement 互动演示 interactive demonstration 互 联 网 服 务 提 供 商 ISP (Internet Service Provider) 户口簿 residence booklet 户 口 管 理 制 度 "domicile system, residence registration system " 户主 head of a household 护身法宝 amulet 花旗银行 National City Bank of New York 花样游泳 water ballet 华 表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele 华盖 canopy 滑板车 scooter 画中画 picture-in-picture (PIP) 坏球 Ball 坏帐 bad account 欢乐美语 35 篇听力及文本下载 还俗 "resume secular life, unfrock" 环 保 电 池 environment-friendly battery 环 保 型 技 术 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) 环境保护 protect the environment 环绕立体声 surround 环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim 换届选举 election at expiration of office terms 换手率 turnover rate 黄、赌、毒"pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking " 黄金时段 prime time 灰领 (源于美国, 指负责维修电器、 上下 水道、 机械的技术工人, 他们多穿灰色的 制服工作,因此得名。) Gray-collar (Skilled technicians; employees whose job descriptions combine some white- and some blue-collar duties.) 灰色经济 grey economy 灰色区域措施 Grey area measures 灰色收入 gray income 挥棒 swing

挥棒不中 fan 回扣 kickback 回头客 returned customer 回头率 rate of second glance 汇 丰 银 行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation 会 计 电 算 化 accounting computerization 会 考 unified examination; general examination 婚介所 matrimonial agency 婚内强奸 marital rape; rape of spouse 婚前同居 premarital cohabit 婚前协议 prenuptial agreement 婚纱摄影 wedding photo 婚外恋 extramarital love; love out of wedlock 混合型卷烟 blended type cigarette 混业经营 mixed operation/ management 活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn. 火 炬 计 划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology) 货币化 monetization 货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation 货 币 留 成 制 度 currency retention scheme 货到付款 cash on delivery 机场建设费 airport construction fee 机电产品 mechanical and electrical products 机构投资者 institutional investor 机 构 臃 肿 overstaffing in organizations (government) 机器阅卷 machine scoring 积 极 的 财 政 政 策 pro-active fiscal policy 积 压 产 品 overstocked commodities (inventories) 基 本 国 情 fundamental realities of the country 基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come. 基 本 养 老 金 社 会 化 发 放 retirees receive their basic pension through social security channels 基层工作 grass-roots work 基层监督 grass-roots supervision 基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level 基 层 组 织 organizations at the

grass-roots level 基础设施 infrastructure 基 础 设 施 建 设 infrastructure construction 基础税率 base tariff level 基地组织 al-Qaeda group 基因工程 genetic engineering 基因突变 genetic mutation 基 因 图 谱 genome; Gene chip (DNA microarray) 绩优股 blue chip 缉毒队 narcotics squad 缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling 激励约束制度 incentive and control mechanism 激烈竞争 cut-throat competition 吉 尼 斯 世 界 记 录 Guinness (Book of Records) 吉祥如意 Everything goes well 吉祥物 mascot 即 开 式 奖 券 scratch-open ticket ; scratch pad 极限运动 maximal exercise; X-game 集束炸弹 cluster bomb 集体观念 groupism; collective spirit 集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding 集体经济 collective economy 集约经营 intensive operation 集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development 集 资 房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers 计费方法/ 按秒计费/ 按分计费 Calculating telephone fees/ per-second calculation/ per-minute calculation 计 划 单 列 市 city specifically designated in the state plan 计划经济 planned economy 计 划 生 育 责 任 制 responsibility system of family planning 计价器 taximeter 计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU) 记名债券 registered bonds 记帐式国库券 inscribed treasury bond 记帐式国债 book-entry T-bonds 记者席 press box 记者招待会 press conference 技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that

integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development 技 术 产 权 交 易 所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange 技术工人 technician strive to make 技 术 攻 关 technological breakthrough 技术交底 technical disclosure 技 术 密 集 产 品 technology-intensive product spread technological 技 术 下 乡 knowledge to farmers 技术依托 technical backstopping 技术转让 technology transfer 既成事实 fait accompli (noun) 既 往 不 咎 , 忘 掉 旧 嫌 let bygones be bygones 继续深化国有企业改革、 使企业真正成为 市场竞争的主体 to deepen SOE reform to enable them to become main players in the market competition; 加班 work extra shifts 加 工 贸 易 trade involving the processing of supplied raw materials 加 快 市 场 步 伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization 加密 encrypt 加密频道 encoded channel 加强军队和政权建设 strengthen army building and the organs of political power 加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion 加权平均值 weighted average 加速上市 speed-to-market 家 庭 联 产 承 包 责 任 制 the household contract responsibility system 家庭影院 home theater 家 政 服 务 household management service 家族企业 family firm 嘉 宾 distinguished guest, honored guest 甲 A 足球队 Division A soccer team 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions 价格浮动范围 price-float range 价格听证会 public price hearings 假唱 lip-synch 假动作 "deception, feint"

假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products 假球 soccer fraud 假日经济 holiday economy 假释 parole 假小子 tomboy 假帐 accounting fraud 尖 端 产 品 highly sophisticated products 尖端课题 frontline subject 坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧 见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences 监督部门 watchdog 减负 alleviate burdens on sb. 减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass 减员增效 downsize staffs and improve efficiency 剪彩 cut the ribbon 剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ... 简政放权 streamline administration and delegate power; streamline administration and institute decentralization 见面会 meet-and-greet 建仓 open a position 建 设 公 债 public bonds for construction 建筑面积 floorage; floor space 渐近尾声 draw to a close 渐 进 式 台 独 gradual Taiwan independence 江 南 水 乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River 讲诚信,反欺诈 : honor credibility and oppose cheating 奖励工资制度 a bonus wages system; a system of higher pay for better performance 降落伞候选人, 外来候选人 (应召而来参 加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人) parachute candidate 降息 reduction of interest 交叉报复 cross retaliation 交钥匙工程 turn-key project 焦土政策“Scorched Earth” plan 侥幸球 fluke 矫情 use lame arguments 脚踩两只船 sit on the fence 脚踏实地 be down-to-earth 叫板 challenge; pick a quarrel

叫 座 a box-office success; draw a large audience 教 书 育 人 impart knowledge and educate people 教务处 dean's office 教学法 pedagogy; teaching method 教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education 阶段性就业 periodic employment 阶 梯 教 室 lecture theatre; terrace classroom 接口 interface 街道企业 neighborhood enterprise 街 心 花 园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center 节水龙头 water-saving taps 节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB 音乐) rhythm blues 结构工资制 structual wage system 结售汇制度 "the system of exchange, settlement and sales " 解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces 解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进 Emancipate the mind, Seek truth from the facts, Keep pace with the times 解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts 解困基金 anti-poverty funds 戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center 戒急用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient " 借调 temporarily transfer 借读生 transient student 金本位 gold standard 金边债券 gilt-edged bonds 金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra 金降落伞 golden parachute 金 融 电 子 化 computerize financial services 金融工具 financial instruments 金融危机 financial crisis 金 融 违 规 行 为 financial irregularities /improprieties 金融重组 financial reorganization 金融自由化 financial liberalization 金融租赁 financial lease 金税工程 the Golden Tax Project (a national taxation computer network) 金无足赤,人无完人 Gold can't be pure

and man can't be perfect. 金玉满堂 Treasures fill the home 紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase 紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises 紧 追 cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail 劲射 power shot 近海渔业 offshore fishery 近 水 楼 台 先 得 月 "First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position." 进 出 口 商 会 chamber of import and export trade 进口差价税 import variable duties 进口附加税 import surcharge 进口环节税 import linkage tax 进口渗透 import penetration 进项税 input tax 进修班 class for further studies 禁渔期 closed fishing seasons 禁止在任何地方、 任何环境进行一切方式 的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment 京剧票友 Peking Opera fan 京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera 经 常 项 目 顺 差 favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account 经常性贷款 commercial lending 经常性支出 running expenses 经济担保书 financial guarantee 经 济 的 持 续 高 速 发 展 sustained and rapid development of economy 经济调整 economic restructure 经济房 low-cost housing 经济复苏 economic resurgence 经济和技术合作 ECOTECH cooperation (Economic and technology cooperation) 经济林 cash tree 经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration 经济失调指数 misery index 经济师 economic engineer; economic manager; economist 经 济 适 用 房 (economically) affordable housing

经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense 经济总量 economic aggregate 经 营 管 理高 度 科学 化的现 代 化 大企 业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system 精 简 机 构 streamline government organs 精品 competitive products 精 神 文 明 建 设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics 景泰蓝 cloisonné 竞 争 上 岗 take up a job through competition 敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home 敬 业 精 神 professional dedication; professional ethics 靖国神社 Yasukuni Shrine 境外就业 be employed abroad 境 外 消 费 ( 服 务 贸 易 ) consumption abroad 纠 风 办 State Council Office for Rectifying 九 届 全 国 人 大 四 次 会 议 the Fourth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress 九五攻关 State Key Task 95 酒肉朋友 fair-weather friend 救援人员 rescue workers 就业前培训 pre-job training 居 委 会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee 局域网 local area network (LAN) 举办城市 host city 举 报 电 话 informants' hot-line telephone 举杯 propose a toast 拒载 refuse to take passengers 具 有 中 国 特 色 的 with Chinese characteristics 聚集效益 aggregation effect 决策性机构 policy-making body 决战时刻 zero hour 军嫂 soldier's wife 军用飞机 warplane, military aircraft 君 子 之 交 淡 如 水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green 竣工式 completion ceremony 卡丁车 kart

开标 bid opening 开发公司 development company 开发式扶贫 poverty reduction through development projects; development-oriented poverty relief 开发一代,储存一代,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products 开放带动战略 strategy spearheaded by opening-up 开放式基金 open-ended fund 开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity 开工典礼 commencement ceremony 开 后 门 under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means 开门红 to begin well, to make a good start 开 题 报 告 opening speech; opening report 开小灶 give special favor 开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night 坎儿井 karez 侃价 bargain 看跌/看涨期权 put / call option 看守政府,看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet 抗 美 援 朝 战 争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea 抗震棚 quake-proof shelter 考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools 考研热 the craze for graduate school 烤烟型卷烟 Virginian-type cigarette 科技成果市场化、 产业化 commercialize scientific and technological results; to gear sicentific and technological achievements to the market and production 科技成果转化 the commercialization of research findings 科 技 成 果 转 化 为 生 产 力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements 科技含量 technology content 科 技 是 第 一 生 产 力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force. 科 教 兴 国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation

科 学 美 国 人 .Scientific.American. (1993-2009.3 月下载)持续更新中 科 研 攻 关 scientific research and tackle the key research project 可持续发展 sustainable development 可 持 续 发 展 战 略 strategy of sustainable development 可转换债券 convertible bond 刻 录 机 CD writer; disc-carving machine 课件(教师多媒体教学演示片) courseware 空嫂 married stewardess 空 头 支 票 accommodation note, lip service 空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess 恐怖大亨 terrorist mastermind holding company, 控 股 公 司 controlling company 口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease 口头禅 pet phrase 扣帽子 put a label on 酷毙 extremely cool; the coolest 跨境交付(服务贸易) cross border supply 跨世纪工程 a trans-century project 跨越式发展 develop by strides 跨 越 式 发 展 great-leap-forward development 快速反应部队 rapid response force 快速立法 fast track 快 速 消 费 品 fast-moving consumer goods 快讯 news flash; flash 宽带(ADSL 技术即非对称数字用户环路 技 术 ) ADSL ( Asymetric Digital Subscriber Line) 宽带接入 broadband access 宽带接入网 broadband access network 宽带网 broadband networks 宽限期 grace period 亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit 困难职工 the needy 扩 大 公 民 有 序 的 政 治 参 与 Expand citizens' participation in political affairs in an orderly way 扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption 扩 大 中 等 收 入 者 比 重 Raise the proportion of the middle-income group 扩容 market expansion 垃圾融资 junk financing

垃圾邮件 junk e-mail 垃圾债券 junk bond 拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth 拉关系 try to curry favor with 拉拉队长 "cheer-leader, rooter king" 拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon 拉选票 seek a vote 啦啦队 cheering squad 来电 fall in love with someone 来电显示 caller ID 来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone 来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing 蓝筹股 blue chips 蓝光光盘 Blue-ray Disc 蓝领 Blue-collar (指靠双手劳动谋生 的工人, 因为工作环境要求他们要穿较深 色的衣服上班) 蓝牙技术 bluetooth 劳动合同制 labor contract system 劳 动 预 备 制 度 vocational training system 劳动争议 labor dispute 劳务输出 export of labor services 老三届 junior and senior high school graduates of 1966~1968; school leavers of 1966~1968 老少边穷地区 "former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas " 老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried, cliché 老油条 wily old bird; old slicker 老 字 号 an old and famous shop or enterprise; time-honoured brand 离岸金融市场 offshore market 离退办 office for the affairs of the retired workers 离退休人员基本养老金 basic pensions for retirees 篱 笆 墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading 礼 尚 往 来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity. 礼仪小姐 ritual girl 理财 arrange the finance 理货公司 tally company 理 论 联 系 实 际 linking theory with practice 理 顺 经 济 秩 序 straighten out the

economic order 立 体 农 业 three-dimensional agriculture 利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery 利好因素 wrinkle 利基 niche 连带责任 joint liability 连续抽烟的人 chain smoker 联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output 联 合 国 环 境 署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) 联 合 国 会 费 the UN membership dues (fee) 联 合 国 开 发 计 划 署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program) 联 合 国 粮 农 组 织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) 联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises 联合联络小组 joint liaison group 联合投标 syndicated tender 联想集团 Legend Group 廉洁奉公,以正治国 (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness 廉政、 勤政、 务实、 高效政府 an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government 廉 政 公 署 Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) 廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration 练摊 to be a vendor 恋父情结 Electra complex 恋母情结 Oedipus complex 良性循环 virtuous circle 粮 食 收 购 部 门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies 两 岸 直 航 促 进 会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation 两 弹 一 艇 "A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine" 两弹一星 atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb and artificial satellite 两 个 对 等 的 政 治 实 体 two equal political entities

两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress 两 会 two Conferences (i.e. the National People's Congress and the Chinese Political Consultative Conference) 两 手 抓 两 手 都 要 硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup. grasp both links at the same time and attach sufficient importance to both 两思 (致富思源, 富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence 零和博奕 zero-sum game; zero game 零配件 spare and accessory parts 领海 territorial waters 领头羊 bellwether 另 类 a different, special, completely new or fashionable type or trend 另 类 音 乐 , 非 正 统 音 乐 alternative music 流动人口 transient population 流 动 图 书 馆 travelling library; bookmobile 流通股 circulation stock 流星雨 meteor shower 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 "Where there is life, there is hope." 留 学 咨 询 consulting on the study abroad 留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary 六 艺 : 礼、 乐 、射 、 御、书 、 数 "six classical arts: rites, music, archery, riding, writing, arithmetic" 龙头产品 flagship product 录取分数线 enrollment mark 录取通知书 letter of admission 路演 road show 旅 客 列 车 票 价 price of passenger train tickets 旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip 绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate 绿化 afforestation 绿色奥运,科技奥运,人文奥运 green, high-tech and people friendly Olympic Games

绿色急救通道 emergency green path 绿色食品 green food 绿 色 通 道 ( 办 证 快 捷 通 道 ) green channel; landscaped roadways 乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 "unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises " 乱码 messy code 乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 "arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines" 轮值主席 chairman on duty 论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense 裸机 bare mobile phone 马到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success 马尔萨斯人口论 Malthusian Theory of Population; Malthusianism (Thomas Robert Malthus, 1766-1834, British economist) 马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon 马 路 菜 场 入 室 工 程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors 马 太 效 应 "the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. ) " 玛雅文化 Mayan civilization 码分多址 (一种扩频多址数字式通信技 术 ) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) 买方市场 buyer's market 买壳上市 go public through buying a shell 买空卖空 bulls and bears; fictitious transaction 买一送一 "two-for-one offer, buy one get one free" 麦克马洪线 McMahon Line 满意度 degree of satisfaction 慢性萧条 chronic depression 盲 流 blind influx (labourers aimlessly flowing from rural areas into large cities) 盲 流 和 倒 流 人 员 transient from the countryside 盲目投资 blindness in investment 猫 腻 儿 illegal deal; underhanded

activity 矛 盾 的 普 遍 性 universality of contradictions 茅塞顿开 be suddenly enlightened 冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成 外观像名优产品出售的做法 ] copycat packaging 贸易壁垒 trade protectionism 贸 易 和 投 资 自 由 化 和 便 利 化 TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) 贸易逆差 adverse balance of trade; trade deficit; trade gap 贸 易 顺 差 favorable balance; trade surplus 贸易与发展委员会 Committee on Trade and Development 贸易制裁 trade sanction 贸易自由化 trade liberalization 帽子戏法 hat trick 没 有 规 矩 不 成 方 圆 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards. 每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most. 美国之音 Voice of America (VOA) 美声唱法 bel canto 美食节 gourmet festival 门户开放政策 open-door policy 门户网站 portals 门罗主义 Monroe Doctrine 门前三包 "be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building " 朦胧诗 misty poetry 蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt 蒙古大夫 quack 孟子 Mencius 迷 彩 服 battle fatigues; camouflage coat 米 袋 子 省 长 负 责 制 provincial governors assuming responsibility fofr the rice bag (grain supply) 免费搭车者(享受其他国家最惠国待遇而 不进行相应减让的国家) free-rider 免税商品 tax-free commodities 免淘米 clean rice 免 验 放 行 pass without examination

(P.W.E) 面向 21 世纪的中美建设性伙伴关系 a constructive, strategic partnership between China and the United Stated aimed at the next century 灭绝的物种 extinct species 民 办 教 师 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government) 民法通则 general provisions of the civil law 民工 migrant laborer 民 工 潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities 民间资本 private capital 民进党 Democratic Progressive Party 民事诉讼 civil procedure 民 以 食 为 天 people regard food as their prime want; food the first necessity of man 民 营 企 业 individually-run enterprises 民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 "non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation " 民主集中制 democratic centralism 民主监督 democratic supervision 民族国家 nation state 民族凝聚力 national cohesion 民 族 区 域 自 治 regional autonomy of ethnic minorities 民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission 民 族 文 化 大 省 a province with rich ethnic culture 民族意识 national consciousness 民族优越感 ethnocentrism 名利双收 gain in both fame and wealth 名片 business card 名 优 famous actor; famous high quality brand 明明白白消费(2000 年保护消费者权益 工作主题) transparent consumption 摸着石头过河 fly by the seat of one’ s pants 模仿秀 imitation show 模糊逻辑 fuzzy logic 模糊战略(美国在台湾问题上奉行的政策) indistinct strategy 模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam 摩门教 Mormon Church (the Church of

Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) 磨洋工 dawdle along 末 位 淘 汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position 莫 失 良 机 make hay while the sun shines 谋事在人, 成事在天 "The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. / Man proposes, God disposes. " 母 系 氏 族 社 会 matriarchal clan society 目标管理 management by objectives; quota management 幕 后 操 纵 pull strings behind the scenes; wire-pulling 睦邻友好关系(合作) good-neighborly and friendly relations (cooperation) 穆斯林 Muslim; Moslem 拿手好戏 masterpiece 内耗 in-fighting 内环路 inner ring road 内联企业 enterprises with internal connections 内联网(计算机) Intranet 内退 early retirement 纳米 nanometer 纳税人 tax payer; tax bearer 纳税申报制度 tax declaration system 纳 斯 达 克 National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) 耐用消费品 durable consumer goods, consumer durables 男高音演唱家 tenorist 男权主义思想 male chauvinism 南北对话 North-South dialogue 南南合作 South-South cooperation 南 水 北 调 South-to-North water diversion 南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project 难得糊涂 "Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise." 囊括 complete a sweep 闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique 能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people 能进能出,能上能下 competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots

能进能出,能上能下,方谓好汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man. 能上网的手机 WAP phone 尼姆达(病毒) Nimda 泥菩萨 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival 泥石流 mud-rock flow 年利润 annual return 年 同 比 year-on-year; on an annual basis 年夜饭 family reunion dinner 涅磐(佛) nirvana 扭转局面 "reverse the tide, turn the table" 农产品的统购派购 unified purchasing of farm produce by the state according to fixed quotes 农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers) 农 工 商 联 合 企 业 agro-industrial-commercial combines 农垦 agricultural reclamation 农林间作 agro-forestry 农奴制 serfdom; serf system 农药残留物 pesticide residue 农业产业化经营 more industrialized agricultural operations 农业生态学 agricultural ecology 农 业 增 加 值 added value of agriculture 农转非 rural residents become urban residents 弄 巧 成 拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself. 女权运动 movement for women's rights 暖温带 warm temperate zone 诺亚方舟 Noah’s Ark 欧亚大陆桥 Eurasia Land Bridge 欧元 Euro 欧洲共同体 European Communities (EC) 欧洲货币 Euro-currency 欧 洲 货 币 一 体 化 European monetary integration 欧洲委员会 European Commission 欧洲自由贸易联盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association) 偶像 idol 帕金森症 parkinsonism 拍 拖 being in love; having a love affair

排 华 政 策 policy of discrimination against the Chinese 排外主义 exclusivism 派出所 local police station 潘多拉魔盒 Pandora's box 盘点 stock count; take stock of 盘 活 存 量 资 产 liquidize remnant assets 抛 砖 引 玉 a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions; throw a sprat to catch a whale 跑龙套 "utility man, play a bit role, general handyman" 泡沫经济 bubble economy 泡妞 chase after the girls 培育新的经济增长点 foster new growth areas in the economy 赔了夫人又折兵, 花钱填无底洞 throw good money after bad 配股 allotment of shares; rationed shares 配件 accessories 配套政策 supporting policies 棚 户 shacks; family that live in shacks 碰钉子 get snubbed 碰 头 会 "brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.) " 碰一鼻子灰 be sent off with a flea in one's ear; be snubbedd; get a rebuff 批发市场 wholesale market 皮包公司 bogus company 疲软股票 soft stock 啤酒肚 beer belly 片儿警 local regional policeman 片面追求升学率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a higher level 骗 汇 、 逃 汇 、 套 汇 "obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage " 票贩子 ticket scalper 票房 box office 拼图 jigsaw 贫 富 悬 殊 polarization of rich and poor 贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb 品牌效应 brand effect 平仓 close a position

平等、互利、互相尊重主权和领土完整 equality , mutual benefit , mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity 平等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发 展的方针 pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity andmutual development 平等互利原则 principle of equality and mutual benefit 平衡预算 balance a budget; a balanced budget 平均主义 equalitarianism 平面设计师 graphic designer 平时不烧香,临时抱佛脚 "never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress" 平稳过渡 smooth transition 平抑(稳定)物价 stabilize commodity prices 评标 bidding evaluation 评头论足 nit-pick 凭证式国债 certificate T-bonds 瓶颈制约 "bottleneck" restrictions 泼 冷 水 pour cold wate on the enthusiasm of; dampen the spirit of; throw a wet blanket over 泼水节 Water-Sprinkling Festival 迫降 emergency landing 破 釜 沉 舟 cut off all means of retreat; burn one ‘ s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end 扑网(体) "rush-up, rushing" 铺新摊子 launch new projects 普遍优惠制 generalized preferential system ; general system of preferences 普及率 popularity rate 普 通 高 等 教 育 regular higher education 普选制 general election system 曝光 make public; expose 期初存货 opening stock 期房 forward delivery housing 期 货 对 冲 交 易 offsetting futures transactions 期 货 交 易 deal in futures; futures business/trading; forward business 期末存货 closing stock 欺行霸市价格 forced quotation

骑警 horseback police 旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao 企 业 产 权 property rights of enterprises 企业的自我约束机制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises 企业孵化器 enterprise incubator 企业改制 restructuring of enterprise 企业集团 enterprise group 企 业 兼 并 重 组 annexation and reorganization of enterprises 企业年金 supplementary pension 企业上市 listing of a company 企业文化 corporate culture 企业效益 performance of enterprises 企 业 形 象 corporate image(CI)/ enterprise image 企 业 重 组 reshuffle of the enterprises 企 业 转 制 transformation of enterprise 启动基金 initial funding 启发式教学 heuristic education 起跑器 block 洽谈会 "fair, meeting" 千 里 之 行 始 于 足 下 a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is to be gained step by step 千年问题、千年虫 millennium bug 千 禧 婴 儿 millennium infant; millennium baby 牵头人 initiator 签约仪式 signing ceremony 前怕狼,后怕虎 fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind/ hesitate in doing something 前 人 栽 树 , 后 人 乘 凉 One generation plants the trees in whose shade another generation rests./ One sows and another reaps. 前事不忘,后事之师 Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future. 前 沿 性 交 叉 性 研 究 pioneering and interdisciplinary research 前瞻性 perspectiveness 钱袋子 fund sources 欠收(农业) crop failure 枪手 1. gun shooter; 2. ghostwriter 强化班 intensive training class 强力球(美国的全国性彩票) powerball 强龙难压地头蛇 Even a dragon (from

the outside) finds it hard to control a snake in its old haunt - Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect local bullies. 强强联手 win-win co-operation 强权外交 power diplomacy 强硬派伊斯兰教徒 hard-line Islamist 抢 得 先 机 take the preemptive opportunities 抢购 panic buying 抢跑 "false start, beat the gun" 抢摊 snatch market share 敲竹杠 make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick 侨胞 countrymen residing abroad 侨 务 affairs concerning nationals residing abroad 巧妇难为无米之炊 If you have no hand you can't make a fist./ One can't make bricks without straw. 翘尾巴 be cocky; get stuck-up 切 入 点 point of penetration; breakthrough point 亲民党 People First Party 侵 吞 公 款 embezzle public funds/ embezzlement of public funds 钦 差 大 臣 imperial envoy; imperial commissioner 禽流感 bird flu 勤 工 俭 学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program 勤 政 廉 政 建 设 keep government functionaries honest and industrious 青藏高原 Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 青年才俊 boy wonder 青少年犯罪 juvenile deliquency 氢弹 hydrogen bomb 轻轨火车 light rail train 轻水反应堆 light water reactor( LWR) 倾国倾城 Drop-dead gorgeous 倾销 dump; dumping 清 产 核 资 asset and capital verification 清洁能源 clean energy 清 明 节 Pure Bright Festival; Tomb Sweeping Day 清算/结算 clearing /settlement 清 算 公 司 clearing corporation; liquidation company 清算银行 clearing bank 情感消费 emotional consumption 情商 emotion quotient (EQ) 情有独钟 (favor) to … show special

preference 求大同,存小异 seek common ground on major question while reserving differences on minor ones 求职英语 300 句电子书下载(文本+mp3) 区位商业 location-based commerce 区域经济 regional economies 屈体 "jackknife, pike" 取消禁运 lifting of embargo 圈外人士 people out of the loop 全方位、 多层次、 宽领域的对外开放格局 all-dimensional, multitiered and wide-ranging opening pattern 全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy 全国人大代表 deputy to the National People's Congress 全国人口普查 nationwide census 全国人民代表大会 National People's Congress (NPC) 全国人民代表大会常务委员会 the NPC Standing Committee 全 国 人 民 代 表 大 会 主 席 团 the NPC Presidium 全国通信光缆骨干网 a key national network of communications optical cables 全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City 全 国 政 协 常 委 递 补 委 员 by-elect members to the Standing Committee of the Ninth CPPCC National Committee 全景电影 cinepanoramic 全力以赴 all-out efforts 全面建设小康社会 build a well-off society in an all-round way 全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器 complete prohibition and thorough destruction nuclear weapons 全面实施以德育为核心、 以创新精神和实 践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education 全 面 小 康 社 会 all-round well-off society 全 民 健 身 计 划 纲 要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan 全能冠军 all-around winner 全球变暖 global warming 全 球 定 位 系 统 global positioning system (GPS) 全球多边贸易体系 global system of multilateral trade 全 球 移 动 通 信 系 统 ( 全 球 通 ) global system for mobile communications

(GSM) 全体会议 plenary meeting 全天候 24-hour (service) 全天候飞机 all-weatehr aircraft 全优工程 all-round excellent project 全 资 企 业 exclusively-invested enterprises 权贵资本主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋 好友资本主义) crony capitalism 权力法案 Bill of Rights 权力下放 delegate power to the lower levels; shift of power to the grassroots 权益回报率 returns on equity (ROE) 拳 头 产 品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster 券商 securities trader 裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence 裙 带 关 系 networking through petticoat influence 裙带经济 Crony economy 群 言 堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely 燃油附加税 bunker surcharge 染 指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon 让利 surrender part of the profits 让 一 切 创造 社 会财 富的源 泉 充 分涌 流 Give full play to all sources of social wealth 绕圈子 beat around the bush 热带风暴 Tropical Storm 热带雨林 tropical rain forest 热岛效应 tropical island effect 热核弹头 thermonuclear warhead 热污染 thermal pollution 人才高地 talent highland 人才交流 talents exchange 人才流失 brain drain 人 才 战 competition for talented people 人大代表 NPC member 人逢喜事精神爽 Joy puts heart into a man. 人浮于事 overstaff 人 工 智 能 artificial intelligence(AI) 人 工 智 能 技 术 artificial intelligence technology 人海战术 huge-crowd strategy 人机交互 human-computer interaction 人际交往 human communication

人均住房 per-capita housing 人口出生率 birth rate 人 口 负 增 长 negative population growth (NPG) 人口过剩 overpopulation 人口老龄化 an aging population 人口素质 quality of population 人口学 larithmics 人类基因图谱 human genome 人 类 免 疫 缺 陷 病 毒 Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) 人气 popularity 人情债 debt of gratitude 人身保护令(状) habeas corpus 人身攻击 personal attack 人 身 意 外 保 险 personal accident insurance 人寿保险 life insurance 人头税 poll tax 人性化管理 human-based management 人妖 hemophrodite; two-in-one 人之初,性本善 Man's nature at birth is good. 认股权证 warrant 任意球 free kick 日 本 协 力 银 行 Japan Bank For International Cooperation (JBIC) 日 本 右 翼 势 力 right-wing forces in Japan 日经指数 Nikkei Index 荣誉权 right of fame 融资渠道 financing channels 入境旅游 inbound tourism 入境问俗,入乡随俗 When in Rome do as the Romans do. 入水时水花很少 clean entry 入网许可证 network access license 软盘 floppy disk 软新闻 soft news 软着陆 soft landing 瑞雪兆丰年 A timely snow promises a good harvest. 弱肉强食法则 law of the jungle 弱势群体 disadvantageous groups 塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing. 三八红旗手 woman pace-setter 三八线 38th Parallel 三 步 走 战 略 the three-step development strategy 三产 tertiary industry 三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory

with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism) 三废(废气、 废水、 废渣) “three wastes” (waste gas, waste water and waste residues) 三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture) 三 个 代 表 three represents theory (the Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.) 三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards 三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health) 三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct); stress the need to study, to be political-minded and to be honest and upright 三角恋爱 love triangle 三角债 chain debt 三来一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade." 三 连 冠 three successive championships 三 民 主 义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen 三 农 问 题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers 三 陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute 三权分立 separation of the executive,

legislative and judicial powers 三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself." 三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits " 三 通 一 平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)" 三维电影 three-dimensional movie 三 维 动 画 片 three-dimensional animation 三无企业 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)" 三峡工程 Three Gorges Project 三 下 乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers" 三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业, 外 商 独 资 企 业 ) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China " 三字经 three-character scripture 三 自 原 则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation 散户 retail / private investor 桑拿浴 sauna 扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy 扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work 森 林 覆 盖 率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover 杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel 杀 手 锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card 沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm 沙漠化 desertification 刹住大吃大喝、 公费旅游、 铺张浪费的奢

侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests,touring the country at public expenses) 山不在高,有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; " 山姆大叔 Uncle Sam 煽 情 arouse one's enthusiasm or fervor 闪电战 blitz; lightning war 闪客 flash 商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau 商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing 商品化 commercialization 商品经济 commodity economy 商品条码 bar code 商务旅游 business travel 商业炒作 commercial speculation 商 业 存 在 ( 服 务 贸 易 ) commercial presence 商业贷款 commercial loan 商业网点 commodity network 上岗 go to one's post; go on duty 上岗证 work license 上 海 合 作 组 织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) 上海五国第六次峰会 the sixth summit of Shanghai Five 上 海 五 国 机 制 the Shanghai Five mechanism 上马 start a project 上门服务 door-to-door service 上门推销员 knocker 上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas 上市 to be listed 上市公司 listed companies 上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net 上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development 上有天堂,下有苏杭 "Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth." 少数服从多数、 下级服从上级、 局部服从 全体、全党服从中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central

Committee " 蛇头 snakehead 舍利子 Buddha's relics 社会保障支出 expenditure for social security 社会保障制度 social security system 社 会 福 利 彩 票 social welfare lotteries 社 会 化 服 务 体 系 socialized service system; social service system 社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors 社会名流 celebrity 社会热点问题 hot spots of society 社 会 效 益 social effect /results /benefit 社 会 治 安 情 况 public security situation 社 会 主 义 精 神 文 明 建 设 socialist ideological and ethical progress 社 会 主 义 市 场 经 济 socialist market economy 社论 editorial 社区服务 community services 涉外经济 foreign-related business 摄政王 acting king; prince regent 申 办 2008 年 奥 运 会 bid for 2008 Olympics 申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games 申办城市 the bidding cities 申 请 破 产 保 护 file for bankruptcy protection 申诉权 right of petition 身 体 素 质 physique; physical constitution 身外之物 worldly possessions 深 加 工 deep processing; further processing 神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card 审时度势 size up the situation 渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities 升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products) 生计问题 bread-and butter issue 生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use 生态建筑 ecological construction 生态林 ecological forest 生态旅游 ecotourism 生 态 农 业 environmentally friendly agriculture

生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism 生物圈 biosphere 生意兴隆 Business flourishes 声讯台 information service center 省会 provincial capital 圣战(伊斯兰教徒对异教徒的战争) jihad 失 恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted 失学儿童 dropout 失业金 unemployment compensation 师 兄 弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice 施政纲领 administrative program 十五计划 《纲要》 突出了战略性、 宏观性、 政 策 性 The Outline for the Tenth Five-Year highlights its strategic vision, broad perspectives and policy considerations 十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party 石漠化 stony desertification 时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man. 实报实销 complete reimbursement 实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is 实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth. 实例化教学 case study teaching 实 时 达 帐 real-time account settlement 实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts 实体经济 the real economy 实现零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough" 实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life 实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation 实 行 股 份 制 enforce stockholding system 实 行 国 民 待 遇 grant the national treatment to 实行计划生育、 控制人口数量、 提高人口 素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and

improve the health of the people 食 品 卫 生 法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China 使中国经济与国际接轨 To bring China’ s economy more in line with international practice 世 界 奥 林 匹 克 日 the International Olympic Day 世 界 大 学 生 运 动 会 ( 大 运 会 ) universiade 世界观、 人生观、 价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values 世上无难事, 只要肯攀登"Where there is a will, there is a way. " 世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world; 市 场 饱 和 market saturation; saturated market 市场导向的就业机制 market-oriented employment mechanisms 市场化 marketization 市场疲软 sluggish market 市场营销学 marketing 市场占有率 market share 市场准入 market access 市话 local calls 市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio 市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering 市值 market capitalization 事业单位 public institution 视频点播 video on demand (VOD) 试点工程 pilot project 试点项目 pilot project 试管婴儿 test-tube baby 试用期 probationary period 适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy 适 龄 儿 童 入 学 率 enrolment rate for children of school age 适 销 对 路 的 产 品 readily marketable products 适者生存 survival of the fittest 释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni 收购兼并 merger and acquisition 收盘价 closing price 收视率 audience ratings; television viewing 手机充值 cellular phone replenishing 手 机 入 网 费 initiation charges for mobile phone; mobile access fee 首创精神 pioneering spirit 首次公开发行的股票 initial public

offering (IPO) 首次上市(股票) IPO (Initial Public Offering) 首发阵容(足球) first team 首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship) 首期按揭 down-payment 寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished 受灾地区 disaster-affected are 受 灾 群 众 people afflicted by a natural disaster 售后服务 after-sale services 授信贷款 credit extension loan 授信额度 line of credit 瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride 枢 纽 工 程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project 树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image 数据通信 data communication 数码港 cyberport 数字地球 digital globe 数 字 蜂 窝 移 动 通 信 digital cellular mobile telecommunications 刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card 甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale 涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton 双刃剑 double-edged sword 双向收费 two-way charge system 双 向 选 择 two-way selection (referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market) 双学位 double degree 双赢局面 win-win situation 双 职 工 man and wife both at work; working couple 双重遏制政策 dual containment policy 双 重 轨 制 two-tier system ; double-track system 双重国籍 dual nationality 谁 言 寸 草 心 , 报 得 三 春 晖 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. " 水货 smuggled goods 水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting 水土流失 soil erosion 水下导弹 submarine-based missiles 水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.

税法的统一性和权威性 uniformity and authority of tax laws 税 前 / 税 后 收 入 pretax / after-tax income 税务师 tax accountant 说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes. 说明会 explanation session 说起来容易做起来难 Easier said than done. 硕 博 联 读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study 司仪 MC (master of ceremonies) 私人企业 private enterprise 私人游资 mobile private capital 私营企业 privately-run enterprise 思乡曲 Nostalgia 思想僵铁 fossilized concept 死而后已 until my heart stops beating 死机 system halted 死亡率 mortality 死亡人数 death toll 死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan 四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas 四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology) 四 合 院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings 四十不惑 Life begins at forty. 四书( 《大学》 、 《中庸》 、 《论语》 、 《孟子》 ) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius) 四 项 基 本 原 则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought" 四有新人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline" 送温暖工程 heart-warming project 搜索引擎(计算机) search engine 夙敌 "arch-rival

quality education; 素 质 教 育 education for all-around development 酸雨 acid rain 随 行 就 市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions 岁岁平安 Peace all year round 所得税 income tax 所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority 台湾、 香港、 澳门保持原有的资本主义制 度和生活方式长期不变 Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao will retain the current capitalist system and way of life for a long time to come. 台湾当局 the Taiwan authorities 台湾是中国神圣领土不可分割的一部分 Taiwan is an inalienable part of the inviolable territory of China. 台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots 抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker 跆拳道 tae kwon do 太空步 moonwalk 太空垃圾 space trash 太平洋舰队(美) Pacific Fleet 太阳浴 sun bath; insolation 贪污腐化 corruption and degeneration 摊 薄 每 股 收 益 diluted earning per share 摊牌 put/lay one’s card on the table 谈判的筹码 bargain chip 炭疽 anthrax 探明储量 verified deposits; verified reserves 探 亲 外 交 family-visit diplomacy; relative-visiting diplomacy 唐老鸭 Donald Duck 唐装 Tang suit 唐 装 traditional Chinese garments (clothing) 糖衣炮弹 sugar-coated bullets 韬光养晦 hide one's capacities and bide one's time 逃废银行债务 evasion of repayment of bank loans 逃 票 to sneak through without a ticket 逃票者 ticket evader 逃税 tax evasion 陶 冶 情 操 cultivate one's taste (temperament) 讨价还价 wheel and deal 讨债公司 debt-collection company

套瓷 cotton up to 套利 arbitrage 套期保值 hedge 特 别 提 款 权 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold 特 别 行 政 区 special administrative region 特技演员 stunt man; stand-in 特困地区 destitute areas 特 困 行 业 和 企 业 industries and enterprises in dire straits 特洛伊木马 Trojan horse 特色电话机 feature phone 特许税 franchise tax 特种债券 special bonds 踢皮球 pass the buck 提成 deduct 提高农产品收购价格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products) 提高社会参与度 to enhance (encourage) mass participation 提价 price hike 题 外 话 digression; mention in passing 体 改 委 commission for economic restructuring 体育彩票 sports lotteries 替身演员 stunt man/woman; stand-in; double body 天赋人权 natural rights 天 时 , 地 利 , 人 和 good timing, geographical convenience and good human relations 天时、地利、人和 favorable climatic, geographical and human comditions; favorable objective adn subjective factors for success 天有不测风云 Anything unexpected may happen. a bolt from the blue 填 鸭 式 教 学 cramming method of teaching 跳槽 job-hopping 跳槽者 job-hopper 跳 棋 Chinese chequers; Chinese draughts; halma 跳蚤市场 flea market 贴现公司 discount house 贴现率 discount market 铁饭碗 iron rice bowl 铁哥们 faithful pal;buddies; sworn friend 铁 腕 人 物 strongman; iron-handed

person 铁 血 宰 相 iron-and-blood prime minister 厅长 head of a department (under a provincial government) 庭院经济 courtyard economy 停薪留职 retain one's position with one's salary suspended; obtain an indefinite leave of absence from one's work unit 通存通兑 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank 通关 be cleared by the customs 通货回笼 withdrawal of currency in circulation 通 货 混 合 , 鸡 尾 酒 式 货 币 currency cocktail 通货紧缩 deflation (of currency) 通货升值 currency revaluation 通票 through ticket 通商口岸 treaty port, trading port 通 信 光 缆 communications optical cable 通 用 分 组 无 线 业 务 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) 通 用 汽 车 公 司 General Motors Corporation (GM) 同步卫星 geostationary satellilte 同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification) 同 等 学 力 申 请 硕 士 学 位 统 考 general examination for applicants with education background equivalent to college graduates for master's degree 同类产品 like product 同 声 传 译 simultaneous interpretation 同 乡 会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen 同业拆借 inter-bank borrowing 统筹安排 comprehensive arrangement 统筹兼顾 make overall plans adn take all factors into consideration; overall planning and all-round consideration 统一市场 single market 统一税 "flat tax, consolidated tax" 统一战线 united front 筒子楼 tube-shaped apartment 偷渡者 stowaway

偷工减料 use inferior materials and turn out sub-standed products 偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 "tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes " 偷税漏税 tax evasion 头寸紧 credit crunch; fund shortage 头寸松 credit ease 头号种子选手 No.1 seed (player); top seed 投标 bid for; tender for 投机商号 bucket shop 投手 pitcher 投诉中心 complaint center 投资风险 investment risk 投资环境 investment environment 投资信心 investor confidence 投 资 制 约 机 制 investment control mechanism 投资主体 the investment subject 透 过 现 象 看 本 质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence 透明度 transparency 土地承包期 land contract period 土 地 沙 化 desertification of land; desert encroachment 土地使用权 land-use right 土地酸化 acidification 团队精神 team spirit; esprit de corps 团结就是力量 Unity is strength. 团身 bunch up the body 推 广 科 研 成 果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements 退耕还林还草 grain for green 退 耕 还 林 还 牧 convert the land for forestry and pasture 退市 delist (a listed company) 退休金 retirement benefits 托福考试 Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) 拖拉作风 dilatory style of work 拖欠工资 arrears of wage 脱产 be disengaged from work; divorce oneself from one's work 脱口秀 talk show 脱 贫 致 富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity" 脱手 release grip 脱销 out of stock 脱氧核糖核酸 deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

脱中国化 de-Sinification 鸵鸟政策 ostrich policy; ostrichism 挖墙脚 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet 歪 风 邪 气 unhealthy practices and evil phenomena 外层空间 outer space 外 汇 储 备 foreign exchange reserve (forex reserve) 外 汇 管 理 局 Administration of Exchange Control 外汇管制 foreign exchange control 外交庇护 diplomatic asylum 外交豁免权 diplomatic immunity 外交斡旋 diplomatic offices 外联网(计算机) extranet 外卖 take-out 外卖店 take-out restaurant 外贸单证员 vouching clerk 外贸自营权 power to engage in foreign trade 外企 foreign company 外税局 foreign-related tax bureau 外滩(上海) The Bund 外逃资本 flight capital 外向型经济 export-oriented economy 外销员 Export Sales Staff 外星人 extraterrestrial being (ET) 外需 overseas market demand 外债 foreign debt; external debt 顽固分子 die-hard 万维网(计算机) World Wide Web(WWW) 汪 辜 会 谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks) 王储,王太子 Crown Prince 网吧 Internet bar 网虫 netter; Internet geek 网关 gateway 网恋 cyber romance; virtual romance 网络出版 online publishing 网络管理员 network administrator 网络化 networking 网络经济 cybereconomy 网络恐怖主义 Cyberterrorism 网络摄像机 web cam 网 民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen 网上冲浪 surf the Internet 网上交易平台 online trading platform 网友 net friend 往返机票 return ticket; round-trip ticket

往事如风 "The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past." 望子成龙 hold high hopes for one's child 危房 dilapidated building 威武之师,文明之师 mighty force and civilized force 微软公司 Micorsoft Corporation 微 软 移 动 构 想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives 围 垦 造 田 enclose tideland for cultivation; reclaim land from marshes 违反合同 breach of contract 唯利是图 draw water to one's mill 唯一致命的弱点 Achilles' heel 维护人权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation 伪君子 hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing 伪劣商品赔还法 lemon law 卫冕冠军 defending champion 卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion 卫星城 satellite town 卫星导航 satellilte navigation 慰安妇 comfort woman 温饱工程 Adequate Food and Clothing Program 温室气体 greenhouse gases 文 本 短 信 服 务 SMS (Short Messaging Service) 文化产业 culture industry 文化底蕴 cultural deposits 文化旅游 culture-oriented travel 文科 liberal arts 文联 literary federation 文明街道 model community 文 韬 武 略 military expertise; military strategy 纹身 tattoo 稳定物价 stabilize prices 稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority 问讯处 information office; inquiry desk 我们在国际上说话是算数的 We always live up to our international commitments. 乌拉圭回合 Uruguay Round 乌龙球 own goal

污染指数 pollution index 污水处理 sewage treatment/ disposal 屋顶花园 broof garden 屋 漏 又 逢 连 阴 雨 Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours. 无风不起浪 There are no waves without wind. There's no smoke without fire. 无缝网络 Seamless Network 无氟冰箱 Freon-free refrigerator 无公害蔬菜 "green" vegetable 无 力 偿 付 的 公 司 insolvent corporation 无人售票 self-service ticketing 无绳来电显示电话 ordless telephone with caller ID 无土栽培 soil-less cultivation 无为而治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference 无息贷款 interest-free loan 无 线 应 用 协 议 WAP ( wireless application protocol) 无 形 资 产 intangible assets; immaterial property 无源雷达 passive radar 无源之水,无本之木 water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots 无中生有 make/create something out of nothing 五保户 household enjoying the five guarantees (childless and infirm old persons who are guarateed food, clothing, medical care, housing and burial expenses) 五讲四美三热爱 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals. The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment. The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.) 五金化工 metals and chemicals 五天制工作日 five-day workweek 武 侠 小 说 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel 物价局 Price Bureau 物 流 logistics; the interflow of goods and materials 物业公司 property management company 物业管理 estate management, property

management 物以类聚,人以群分 Birds of a feather flock together. 物质文明 material progress 物 质 文 明建 设 和精 神文明 建 设 一起 抓 pay attention to ethical as well as material progress 物种起源 origin of species 夕阳产业 sunset industry 西部大开发 Western Development 西 电 东 送 transmit the electricity from western areas to East China; West-East electricity transmission project 西气东输 transmit natural gas from western areas to East China; West-East natural gas transmission project 西洋景 Peep Show 吸 取 世 界 文 明 成 果 assimilate the achievements of civilzations the world over 吸收存款 deposit-taking 吸收游资 absorb idle fund 希望工程 Hope Project 息事宁人 pour oil on troubled waters 稀缺经济 scarcity economy 洗礼 baptism 洗钱 money laundering 喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear 细菌战 germ war 下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...) 下岗职工 laid-off workers 下 岗 职 工 基 本 生 活 费 subsistence allowances for laid-off workers 下海 plunge into the commercial sea 下网 off line 下游行业 downstream industry 下载(计算机) downloading 夏至 Summer Solstice 先发制人战略 pre-emptive strategy 先 入 为 主 First impressions are firmly entrenched. 先下手为强 catch the ball before the bound 闲散资金 scattered funds 嫌贫爱富 despise the poor and curry favor with the rich 险 胜 "cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out" 县改市 county upgraded to city 县级市 county-level city

现场直播 live broadcast 现 代 企 业 制 度 modern-enterprise system; modern-corporate system 现代中药产业化 modern production of traditional Chinese medicines 现货交易 cash market transactions; spot transactions 现金流量 cash flow 现 身 说 法 warn people by taking oneself as an example 线 下 商 贸 运 作 offline business operation 限 制 战 略 武 器 会 谈 strategic arms limitation talks( SALT) 宪 法 修 正 案 amendments to the Constitution 乡统筹,村提留 fees paid by farmers for overall township planning and village reserve 乡镇企业 township enterprises 相亲 blind date 香港明天更好基金会 Better Hong Kong Foundation 香 港 特 别 行 政 区 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region(HKSAR) 香格里拉 Shangri-la 香 榭 里 舍 大 街 avenue des champs-elyses 享乐主义 hedonism 向钱看 "mammonism, put money above all" 项 目 立 项 approve and initiate a project 项目申报 project application 项目预算 project budget 项目支持 project support 像热锅上的蚂蚁 like an ant on a hot pan 削减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START) 宵夜 a stoke of midnight 消费结构 pattern of consumption 消费税 consumption tax 消费信贷 consumer credit services 消费者权益日 International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests 消费者物价指数 consumer price index 消费者协会 consumers' association 销售景气指数 sales index 销项税 output tax 小巴 minibus 小道消息 hearsay 小而全 small and all-inclusive

小金库 a private coffer 小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity 小 康 之 家 well-off family; comfortably-off family 小灵通 Little Smart 小农经济 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming 小时工 hourly worker 小型核武器 Mini-nukes 小 组 讨 论 panel discussions/group discussions 效率优先,兼顾公平 give priority to efficiency with due consideration to fairness 效益工资 achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits 效益农业 profitable agriculture 校训 school motto 校园数字化 campus digitalization 校园文化 campus culture 协 调 世 界 时 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) 邪恶轴心 axis of evil 邪教 heathendom 斜拉索桥 stayed-cable bridge 写真集 photo album 心理素质 psychological quality 心想事成 May all your wish come true 心心相印, 精神感应 telesthesia 心照不宣 have a tacit understanding; give tacit consent; tacit understanding 新宠 new favorite 新 的 经 济 增 长 点 new point for/ sources of economic growth 新 干 线 "the Shinkansen, bullet train" 新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean 新婚市场(指买卖兴旺的市场) bridal market 新 石 器 时 代 the Neolithic Age; New Stone Age' 新四级听力听写练习电子书(文本及 MP3 下载) 新网通 new Netcom 新 新 人 类 New Human Being ; X Generation 新兴市场 emerging market 新 秀 "up-and-coming star, rising star" 新约马太福音 Matthew

信贷支持 credit aid 信得过产品 trustworthy product 信 息 产 业 部 电 信 管 理 局 Telecommunication Management Bureau of Ministry of Information Industry 信息港 inforport; cyber port 信息高地 information highland 信 息 高 速 公 路 information superhighway 信息革命 information revolution 信息含量 information content 信息化 informationize 信息检索 information retrieval 信用紧缩 credit crunch 信用危机 credit crisis 信用文化 credit culture 星火计划 Spark Program 星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times 星球大战计划 Star Wars Program 刑法 penal code; criminal law 行使否决权 exercise the veto 行 头 theatrical costumes (and paraphernalia) 行 政 审 批 制 度 administrative approval system 行政诉讼 administrative proceedings 形成全方位、 多层次、 宽领域的开放格局 form an all-directional, multi-layered and wide-ranging opening pattern 形而上学 metaphysics 形式主义 formalism 形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand 性 别 歧 视 sexual/gender discrimination 性价比 cost performance 虚报盈利 inflate profits 虚假帐务 deceptive accounting 虚 开 增 值 税 发 票 write false value added tax invoices 虚拟存款 window-dressing deposits 虚拟人 visual human 虚拟网 virtual net 虚拟银行 virtual bank 虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后 Modesty helps one go forward, whereas conceit makes one lag behind. 许 可 证 制 度 license granting mechanisms 蓄势而发 accumulate strength for a take-off 悬而未决的问题 outstanding question

选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected 选举人票 electoral vote 选举人制 electoral system 选美 beauty contest 学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career 学分 credit points 学 历 教 育 education with record of formal schooling 学生处 students' affairs division 学 生 减 负 alleviate the burden on students 学时 credit hours 熏青鱼 a red herring 寻呼台 paging centers 寻 呼 小 姐 operators who work with paging centers 巡航导弹 cruise missile 巡回医疗 medical tour 巡回招聘 milk round 循序渐进 step by step 徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends 徇私舞弊 bend the law for personal gain and engage in fraud 业主 home owner 杂 费 miscellaneous (incidental) express 砸牌子 ruin reputation 灾 民 flood victims; flood-stricken people 宰客 swindle money out of customers 宰人 rip off 载人卫星 manned satellite 再贷款 re-lending; subloan 再 就 业 服 务 中 心 re-employment service center 再就业工程 re-employment project / program 再生纸 recycled writing paper 在 孵 ( 孵 化 器 ) 企 业 incubated enterprises (incubator) 在建项目后续资金 additional funding for projects under construction 在途资金 fund in float 在线 (计算机) on-line 在线网上书店 online bookstore 在职博士生 on-job doctorate 在职研究生 on-job postgraduates 在字面上兜圈子 festoons of words

赃款赃物 proceeds of crime 脏弹 dirty bomb 脏乱差 dirty, disorderly and bad 糟粕 dross 早恋 puppy love 早市 morning session 造假帐 falsified accounts afforestation drive 造 林 运 动 (campaign) 噪声治理 noise abatement 责任编辑 editor in charge 责 任 追 究 制 度 system of accountability 增发股票 increase issues in stocks 增加信任,减少麻烦,发展合作,不搞对抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation 增 强 人 民 体 质 build up people's health 增强型短信服务 EMS (Enhanced Message Service) 增值税 value added tax(VAT) 渣打银行 The Chartered Bank 斋月(伊斯兰教) Ramadan/ month of fast 债台高筑 become debt-ridden 债务人持有资产 debtor-in-possession (DIP) 债转股 debt-to-equity swap 沾光 benefit from one's association 占便宜 profit at others' expense 占着茅坑不拉屎 be a dog in the manger 战俘 prisoner of war (POW) 战俘营 prisoner-of-war (POW) camp 战 斧 式 巡 航 导 弹 Tomahawk cruise missile 战 略 防 御 计 划 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) 战略伙伴关系 strategic partnership 站得住脚 hold water 站票 standing-room-only ticket 站台票 platform ticket 涨落线 advance balance line 掌上电脑 palm pilot 帐外设帐 keep additional accounts in addition to the authorized ones 招标 invite a bid 招 标 投 标 制 the system of public bidding for project 招财进宝 Money and treasures will be plentiful 招股说明书 prospectus 招牌菜 signature dishes

招 商 局 China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (China Merchants) 招 商 引 资 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas) 招 生 就 业 指 导 办 公 室 enrolment and vocation guidance office 折旧费 depreciation charge 折衷方案 a compromise proposal 侦察飞机 surveillance plane 珍爱之人或物 apple of one's eyes 珍 稀 濒 危 植 物 rare or endangered species 真空包装 vacuum packing 真 善 美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty 振兴经济 revitalize the economy 振 兴 中 华 make China powerful and strong; revitalize the Chinese nation 震 感 seismaesthesia, feel of the earthquake(tremor) 震级 earthquake magnitude 震区 seismic zone 震 源 focus (of an earthquake), seismic origin 震中 epicenter 震中烈度 epicentral intensity 震中区 epicentral area 争端解决机构 dispute settlement body 争议地区 disputed area 正气 uprightness; integrity; probity; rectitude 正 式 会 计 师 Certified Public Accountant (CPA) 正式照会 formal note 证券化 securitisation 证 券 监 督 管 理 委 员 会 securities supervision commission 证 券 交 易 委 员 会 Securities and Exchange Commission 证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange 政策倾斜 policy support 政 策 性 贷 款 policy-based lending; policy-related loan 政 策 性 亏 损 policy-related losses; losses incurred due to policy decisions 政 策 性 住 房 "policy-related house, policy-based house" 政策银行 policy banks 政策组合 policy mix 政法委 politics and law committee 政府采购 government procurement

政府搭台,部门推动,企业唱戏 "Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show. " 政府干预 government intervention 政府工作报告 government work report 政府廉洁高效 a clean and efficient government 政 府 上 网 工 程 Government Online Project 政府特殊津贴获得者 winner of special government allowance 政 府 贴 息 贷 款 discount government loans 政 府 职 能 转 变 transform/shift the government functions 政改方案(英国对香港) constitutional package 政企不分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up 政 企 分 开 separate government functions from enterprise management 政 务 公 开 make government affairs public 政治合格,军事过硬,作风优良, 纪律 严 明 , 保 障 有 力 "be qualified politically and competent militarily, have a fine style of work, maintain strict discipline and be assured of adequate logistical support" 政治局 politburo 政 治 局 常 委 member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau 政 治 迫 害 political persecution; witch hunt 政 治 体 制 改 革 political restructuring 政治协商、 民主监督、 参政议政 exercise political consultation and democratic supervision and participate in deliberating and administration of state affairs 支付能力 payment capacity 支原体 mycoplasma 支 柱 产 业 pillar / cornerstone industry 知己知彼,百战不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat. 知识产权 intellectual property

knowledge economy , 知 识 经 济 knowledge-base economy 知识就是力量 Knowledge is power. 知识密集 knowledge-intensive 知识转让 transfer of knowledge 知识资本 knowledge capital 执法人员 law enforcement officials; law-executor; law enforcer 直播 "live broadcast, live telecast" 直接道歉 a straight-out apology 直 接 三 通 与 双 向 交 流 three direct links (mail, air and shipping services and trade) and bilateral exchanges 直接选举 direct election 直辖市 municipality directly under the Central Government 直销 direct marketing; door-to-door sale 职称 professional title 职 工 工 资 集 体 协 商 制 度 management-labor negotiation system for determining employee wages 职工股 staff share 职能转换 transformation of functions 职务发明 on-duty invention 职务犯罪 crime by taking advantage of duty 职 业 高 中 ( 职 高 ) vocational high school 职 业 介 绍 所 career service center; job center 职业经理人 professional manager 职业培训 job training 职 业 资 格 证 书 制 度 professional qualification certificate system 植物群落 plant community 植物人 human vegetable; vegetable 只读存储器 read-only-memory (ROM) 纸包不住火 Truth will come to light sooner or later. 纸上谈兵 be an armchair strategist 制海权 command of the sea 制 空 权 air space control; air supremacy; command of the air; air mastery; air domination 制 止 外 汇 流 失 prevent foreign exchange flight 治理整顿 improve the environment and rectify the order; improvement and rectification 质量管理 quality control 质量认证体系认证证书 certificate of

the system of quality certification 质量守恒定律 law of conservation of mass 致命要害 Achilles' heel 掷钱猜先 toss 智 力 引 进 recruit / introduce (foreign) talents 智力支持 intellectual support 智囊团、 思想库 the brain trust; think tank 智商 intelligence quotient (IQ) 滞后影响 lagged effect 滞销商品 unmarketable goods 置业 house purchasing 中程导弹 intermediate-range missile; medium-range missile 中东和平进程 the Middle East peace process 中关村科技园区 Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park 中 国 出 口 商 品 交 易 会 ( 广 交 会 ) China Export Commodities Fair (Guangzhou Fair) 中国电信 China Telecom 中 国 工 程 院 the Chinese Academy of Engineering 中国结 Chinese knot 中国经济景气监测中心 China Economic Monitoring Center 中国联通公司 China Unicom 中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会 (简称 全国政协) National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) 中 国 新 经 济 峰 会 China New Economy Summit 中 国 新 闻 出 版 报 社 China Press and Publication News 中 国 沿 海 专 属 经 济 区 China's exclusive economic waters 中国移动通信公司 China Mobile 中 国 预 防 医 学 科 学 院 the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine 中 国 证 监 会 China's Securities Regulatory Commission 中 国 证 券 监 督 管 理 委 员 会 China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) 中国政协委员 member of the National Committee of CPPCC 中 华 人 民共 和 国渔 政渔港 监 督 管理 局 Administration of Fishery and Fishing Harbor Supervision of the PRC

中华世纪坛 China Millennium Monument 中 华 医 学 会 Chinese Medical Association 中介 intermediary agent 中立国 neutralized state 中流砥柱 mainstay; chief cornerstone 中美战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other 中日友好四项原则: 和平友好,平等互利, 互 相 信 赖 , 长 期 稳 定 The four principles of Sino-Japanese friendship: peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, mutual trust, and long-term stability 中山装 Chinese tunic suit 中式快餐 Chinese fast food 中 文 信 息 处 理 系 统 Chinese information processing system 中心环节 key link 中型商用飞机 mid-size G200 business jets 中 央 大 型 企 业 工 委 Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises 中央国家机关 China's State organs 中 央 纪 律 检 查 委 员 会 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC 中 央 经 济 工 作 会 议 the Central Economic Working Conference 中 央 领 导 集 体 central collective leadership 中央商务区 central business district (CBD) 中 央 统 战 部 United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee 中 央 综 治委 “ 严打 ”整治 斗 争 检查 组 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security. 中药 traditional Chinese medicine 中 专 生 secondary specialized or technical school student 终点控制区 terminal control area 终端服务器 terminal server 终身职务制 life-long tenure 终审权 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval 种植业 crop farming 众口难调 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.; One man's meat is another man's poison.

众矢之的 target of public criticism 重点发展 prioritize 重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects 重复生产 duplication of production 重 复 引 进 inroduction of redundant technical facilities; importation of redundant technical facilities 重合同,守信用 abide by contracts and keep one's words; honor credit and promise 重合同、 守信用的原则 the principle of equality and mutual benefit and “honoring contracts adn standing by reputation” 重灾区 the harder-hit area 洲 际 弹 道 导 弹 intercontinental ballistic missiles 珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Qomolangma 诸边协议 plurilateral agreement 主 板 市 场 main board of the stock market 主 办 2008 年 奥 运 会 host the 2008 Olympic Games 主持人 anchorperson 主叫方付费 caller-pays system 主渠道 main channel 主权豁免 sovereign immunity 主体经济 the mainstay of the economy 主体思想(DPRK) Juche Idea 主页 home page 住 房 分 配 货 币 化 进 程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation 住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments) 住宅小区 residence community 助跑 "approach run, run-up" 助 学 行 动 activity to assist the impoverished students 注 册 会 计 师 certificated public accountant (CPA) 注册资本 registered capital 驻 港 部 队 People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong 抓 大 放 小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves 抓 大 放 小 , 三 改 一 加 强 (Efforts were focused on) the reform,

reorganization, upgrading and better management of enterprises, aiming at well managing large enterprises while adopting more flexible policies toward small ones 抓住机遇 seize the opportunity 抓住机遇,深化改革,扩大开放,促进发展, 保 持 稳 定 seize the current opportunity, deepen the reform, open China wider to the outside world, promote development and maintain stability 专访 exclusive interview 专 利 产 品 , 仿 冒 必 究 patented product(s), counterfeiting not allowed 专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store 专门的营销机构 market boards 专 门 人 才 professional personnel; special talents 专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study 专题报道 special coverage 专业化分工 division of labor based on specialization 专业化经营 specialized operation 专属经济区 exclusive economic zone 转败为胜 turn the tables (on someone) 转轨 transfer to a different track; retracking 转 轨 经 济 economies in transition; transition economy 转化机制(of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms 转 基 因 生 物 GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) 转 基 因 食 品 GM food (genetically modified food) 转配股 transferred allotted shares 转世灵童 reincarnated soul boy 转体 truck rotation, turn, twist 转业 transferred to civilian work 转移支付 transfer payment 撞线 breast the tape 追潮族 fashion follower 追车族 auto fan 追 赶 型 和 跨 越 式 发 展 pursuant and leap-forward development

追究责任 call to account; ascertain where the responsibility lies 追平 produce the equalizer 追星族 star fan; groupie 坠落的残骸、碎片 falling debris 准 备 金 reserve fund; capital reserves 准博士 all but dissertation (ABD) 准上市公司 pro-listed companies 资本充足率 capital adequacy 资本额过多 overcapalisation 资本利润率 rate of return on capital 资本外逃 capital flight 资不抵债 insolvency 资产保值增值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value 资产剥离 peel off (bad) assets of a company 资产调控 assets control 资产负债表 balance sheet 资 产 阶 级 自 由 化 bourgeois liberalization 资产评估 asset assessment 资产置换 replacement of assets 资产重组 reorganized assets; assets reorganization 资金到位 fully funded (project) 资金划拨 capital allocation 资 金 汇 划 fund remittance and transfer 资 源 配 置 the distribution (allocation) of resources 资 源 优 化 配 置 most optimum distribution of resources 姊妹楼, 又称双子座, 美国世贸中心的 主要建筑 twin towers 自动柜员机 automatic teller machine (ATM) 自发罢工,野猫式罢工(未经工会批准的 罢工) wildcat strikes 自费留学 go to study abroad at one's own expense 自律机制 the self-discipline system 自然保护区 natural reserve; nature preservation zone 自然耗损 natural wearing 自 然 资 源 保 护 区 natural resource protection areas 自 我 保 护 意 识 self-protection awareness 自 学 成 才 become well-educated through self-study

自学考试 self-taught examination 自营 self-run 自营性存款 self-operating deposit 自由港 free-trade port, free port 自由竞争 free competition 自由流通 free flow 自由贸易区 free-trade zone 自由职业者 free lance 自治权 right ti autonomy; autonomy 自 主 经 营 , 自 负 盈 亏 make one's own management decisions and take full responsibility for one's own profits and losses 自助银行 self-help bank 自足经济 self-sufficient economy 自作自受 stew in one’s own juice 综 合 国 力 comprehensive national strength 综 合 经 济 效 益 overall economic efficiency; composite economic results 综合授信 comprehensive credit line 综合素质 comprehensive quality 综 合 业 务 数 字 网 ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) 综合整治 comprehensive improvement 综合指数 composite index 综合治理 comprehensive treatment 综艺节目 variety show 总裁助理 assistant president 总 经 理 负 责 制 general manager responsibility system 走过场 go through the motions 走后门 get in by the back door 走 上 良 性 发 展 的 轨 道 going on the track of sound progress 走新型工业化道路 Take a new road to industrialization 走 穴 "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to " 阻碍司法 obstruction of justice 组委会 organizing committee 祖传 handed down from one's ancestors 祖 国 和 平 统 一 大 业 peaceful reunification of the motherland 最不发达国家 LDCs (Least-developed countries) 最 初 谈 判 权 ( 初 谈 权 ) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights) 最 低 工 资 保 障 制 度 minimum wage guarantee system

最低生活保证制度 system for ensuring a minimum standard of living 最后的投票 make the final vote 最 惠 国 待 遇 most-favored-nation status 最终用户 end user 遵 纪 守 法 、 廉 洁 奉 公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties 左倾 pinko 左右为难 between the devil and the deep blue sea; between the rock and the hard place 坐视不管 sit idle 做假帐 salt a false account


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