Laughter can boost immunity(免疫力), lower pain, relax your muscles and add more joy or interest to your life, which helps you to lead a healthy life. But some jokes raise our good opinion of ourselves at someone else's expense.
What is it that makes people laugh? More than two thousand years ago the ancient Greek philosopher (哲学家) Aristotle looked on jokes as the pleasure from a feeling of winning by showing we're better than someone else in a certain way. According to Aristotle, showing how much better than other people we are is only one reason we like jokes. We feel free to laugh when we hear about someone sliding on a banana skin. The joke lets us express those attitudes which are not usually acceptable to society. This is probably the reason why some of the jokes are so popular with certain people.
Besides, all jokes depend on our enjoyment of laughing at something strange or out of place because it's different from things happening around it. A good joke-teller must be outgoing and humorous, and always try to build up a situation in which one thing is expected until something unexpected suddenly happens, and so we laugh.
Welcome to the unit & Reading — Pre?reading
Stand up for① your health! ①stand up for 支持，维护
People have always enjoyed laughing, and there has always been humour.One favourite type of comedy is called stand-up②.Stand-up is a kind of comedy that is done on a stage③
③stage/steId?/n.舞台；阶段，时 期 that 引导的定语从句，修饰 a kind of comedy。
by a comedian④
straight to audience members⑤.
A stand-up comedian may tease⑥
an audience member, or might
decide to tell different jokes
[读文清障] ④ comedian/k?'mi?dI?n/n. 喜 剧 演
⑤现在分词短语 talking straight to audience members 作后置定 语，修饰 a comedian。
depending upon how the ⑥tease/ti?z/vt.取笑；揶揄；戏弄
audience reacted to⑦ his or her ⑦react to 对……作出反应
欣赏单口喜剧，促进身心健康！ [第 1 段译文]
人们总是爱笑，幽默无时不在。一种深受人们喜爱的喜 剧形式叫做单口喜剧。单口喜剧是一种由一位喜剧演员在舞 台上直接与观众交流而表演的喜剧。单口喜剧演员可以拿某 一位观众开玩笑，也可以根据观众对之前的玩笑的反应随机 应变，讲各种不同的笑话。
Types of stand-up There are a variety⑨ of
different styles ○10 of stand-up
comedy. Some comedians tell jokes about the way people behave ? or about daily life.
⑨variety/v?'raI?tI/n.(同一事物)不 同种类；多种样式 a variety of 不同种类的，各种 各样的
For example, they may talk about how people act when they queue up?， or they may ask why it only rains when you
?behave/bI'heIv/vi.& vt.表现 people behave 是定语从句，修 饰 the way。
?queue up 排队
forget your umbrella. Other comedians rely on ? visual ?
humour. Their humour may be ?rely on 根据；凭借；依靠
inspired by objects. For example, one comedian uses a huge hammer ? to break watermelons while he makes jokes about what he is
doing. Another comedian points to
a video tennis game and says,
[原文呈现] ‘I've been playing tennis? every
day for a month. I don't understand why I am not losing weight！’ Yet other comedians may trip ? over
?I've been playing tennis ...为现 在完成进行时，此处强调“一 直做……”。
chairs, walk into doors, and fall down on stage in order to? make people laugh. This kind of absurd
?trip/trIp/vi.& vt.绊，(使)绊倒 trip over 绊倒
?in order to 为了；以便
humour is not very funny if you are
only listening and not
[原文呈现] watching the comedian's performance?. The last kind of
comedian does impressions — he or she will act or speak like a well-known person in order to make fun of ? that person.
While this kind of humour may sound cruel○21 ， it usually only
works if both the comedian and the audience have affection ○22 for or admire the person being made fun of○23
?make fun of 拿……开玩笑；取 笑，嘲弄
○21 while 在 此 处 引 导 让 步 状 语 从
have affection for 喜爱，钟爱
○23 being made fun of 为现在分词短
[第 2 段译文] 单口喜剧的类型 单口喜剧有很多不同的类型。有些喜剧演员拿人们的行为方式或日
常生活开玩笑。例如，他们可能会谈论人们排队时的举动，或者可能 问为什么偏偏在你忘记带雨伞时天会下雨。另外一些喜剧演员依靠视 觉幽默。他们的幽默可能是由物品激发的。例如，某个喜剧演员一边 拿着个巨大的锤子去砸西瓜，一边以此说着笑话。另一个喜剧演员指 着电脑网球游戏说：“我每天都打网球，已经一个月了。我就是搞不 懂体重为什么降不下来！”还有些别的喜剧演员可能玩这些把戏逗笑 观众：被椅子绊倒，撞到了房门上，或是跌倒在舞台上。如果你只是 听而不看喜剧演员的表演，这种荒唐的幽默就不搞笑了。最后一种喜 剧演员做印象模仿——他或她的动作或说话方式都像某个名人，目的 是取笑那人。这种幽默听起来可能有点刻薄，但通常只有当喜剧演员 和观众都喜欢或者崇拜这个被打趣的对象时，这种幽默才奏效。
[原文呈现] A famous comedian Only a few stand-up comedians have become famous as television and film performers○24 later on in
life.One such person is Billy Crystal. Like other stand-up comedians who have gone on to act in films ○25 ，
Crystal still enjoys stand-up. People around the world enjoy watching
○24 performer/p?'f??m?(r)/n. 演员；表演者
○25 go on to do sth.接着做另 一件事 who 引导定语从句修饰 comedians。
him when he hosts the Academy○26 Awards○27 .He has hosted the show nine times. Each time, he performs○28 his stand-up routine○29 in front of millions of people when the show is broadcast live ○30 on TV.One little-known○31 fact is that when Crystal is the host of the
○26 academy/?'k?d?mI/n. 研 究 院，学会；专科院校
○27 the Academy Awards 学院 奖，又称奥斯卡金像奖。
○28 perform/p?'f??m/vt.& vi.演 出，表演；履行；工作
○29 routine n．例行公事；常 规，惯例
○30 broadcast live 现场直播 ○31 little-known/?lItl'n??n/adj.
Academy Awards, he always keeps a toothbrush in his pocket for good luck. He says it is because○32 when he started practising stand-up as a child, he told himself jokes while standing in front of the mirror○33 ， brushing his teeth○34 .
○32 it is because ...这是因 为……，because 引导表 语从句。
○33 while standing ...是状语 从句的省略。
○34 brushing his teeth 为现 在分词短语作伴随状 语。
[第 3 段译文] 一位著名的喜剧演员 只有为数不多的单口喜剧演员在之后的生涯中成为走红的影
视明星。比利·克里斯托就是这样的一个人。与其他转向电影表演 的单口喜剧演员一样，克里斯托依然热爱单口喜剧。全世界的观 众都喜爱看他主持的奥斯卡颁奖典礼。他已主持了九届奥斯卡颁 奖典礼。每次他都会通过电视直播在数百万观众面前表演他的单 口喜剧节目。这里有一个鲜为人知的事实：每次主持奥斯卡颁奖 典礼的时候，克里斯托总要在自己的口袋里放一把牙刷以求好运。 他说，这是因为在他小时候开始练习单口喜剧时，他站在镜子面 前，边刷牙边给自己讲笑话。
One reason Crystal has become so famous is that he is very quick thinking○35 ， and is often able to come up with○36 new jokes about the people and things around him. When Crystal was the host of the 2004 Academy Awards, a very old actor, who had acted in films before they had sound, gave a speech.
○35 此处是 One/The reason (that) ... is that ...句型。 that 引 导 的 是 表 语 从 句。
○36 come up with 想出；拿 出
He talked for several minutes, ○37 technical/'teknIkl/adj. 技
but there was a technical○37 problem, 术的；技能的
○38 see him standing there and no one in the audience could 为 “see ＋ 宾 语 ＋ 宾
hear him. They could only see him 补”结构。
standing there○38 moving his lips○39 . ○39 lip/lIp/n.嘴唇
Instead of○40 telling the joke he had planned○41 ， Crystal made up○42 a new one. He said ， ‘It seems
○40 instead of 代替；而不是 ○41 he had planned 为定语
从句，修饰 joke。 ○42 make up 编造；虚构
appropriate that he got his start in ○43 silent film n．无声电影
silent films○43 ！’ The audience
it 是形式主语，真正主 语是 that 从句。
howled○44 with laughter.
Crystal is popular with ○45 all n．嚎叫，喊叫声
age groups and has the ability to ○45 be popular with sb.受 amuse○46 people all over the world. 某人喜爱
This proves that stand-up can be enjoyed by everyone. You can expect to hear a lot more from Billy Crystal — he has no plans to stop making
○46 amuse/?'mju?z/vt.逗笑， 逗乐；提供(消遣)，(使) 娱乐
[原文呈现] films, or to stop telling jokes. He hopes to follow in the footsteps of ○47 other famous comedians, such as ○48 Bob Hope and George Burns, who lived to be 100 years old and kept working○49 until nearly the end of their lives.
○47 follow in the footsteps of sb.追随某人；效仿某人
○48 such as 诸如……之类 的；例如
○49 keep (on) doing sth.继续 做某事；一直做某事
[第 4～5 段译文] 克里斯托之所以如此出名，原因之一就是他思维非常敏捷，常常能
就身边的人或事即兴编出笑话来。当克里斯托主持 2004 年的奥斯卡颁 奖典礼时，曾在无声电影中扮演过角色的一位很老的演员上台发言。他 讲了几分钟，但由于技术故障，观众中没有人能够听见他在说些什么。 大家只能看见他站在那里，嘴唇动个不停。见此情景，克里斯托放弃了 事先准备好的笑话，编了一个新的。他说：“看来，他的确适合从无声 电影起家！”观众哄堂大笑。
克里斯托深受各年龄段人群的喜爱，他有能力让全世界的人开心。 这证明，单口喜剧能得到所有人的喜爱。你可以期待听到更多比利·克里 斯托的单口喜剧——他尚无息影的打算，也没有停止讲笑话的想法。他 希望效仿像鲍勃·霍普和乔治·伯恩斯等单口喜剧明星，他们都活到了一 百岁，并且一直工作到生命的最后时期。
[原文呈现] Laughter is good for ○50 your
health! Nowadays, stand-up comedy is
popular all over the world. Doctors have been researching what effect stand-up and other forms of comedy have on○51 us, and have discovered
○50 be good for 对 …… 有 益；对……有好处
○51 have (an) effect on 对……有影响
that people who laugh a lot live longer.
They say this is because when ○52 this is ... for you 为 say 的
you laugh, your brain sends 宾语从句，because 引导
chemicals around your body that are good for you○52 .Laughing helps your
表语从句，when 引导时 间 状 语 从 句 ， that are
body stay healthy and can even help good for you 为 chemicals you fight pain. Maybe this explains 的定语从句。 the long lives of men like Bob Hope
○53 Whatever the reason 为让 and George Burns.Whatever the
reason○53 ， research shows that in the 步状语从句 Whatever the
reason is 的省略形式。
end, the English saying ○54 ， ‘Laughter is the best medicine’， may be true after all○55 . So, go and make someone laugh ○56 — it just might help them (and you) live longer.
语，警句 ○55 after all 毕竟，终究
○56 make someone laugh 为 “make＋宾语＋宾 补”结构。
[第 6 段译文] 笑有益健康！ 如今，单口喜剧流行全世界。医务工作者们一直在研究单口
喜剧和其他喜剧形式能够对我们产生什么样的影响，并已发现经 常笑的人更长寿。他们说这是因为当你笑的时候，你的大脑会向 全身传送有益健康的化学物质。笑有助于保持身体健康，甚至能 够 帮 助 你 战 胜 疼 痛 。 这 个 说 法 或 许 能 够 解 释 像 鲍 勃 ·霍 普 和 乔 治·伯恩斯这样的人长寿的原因吧。不管是什么原因，研究表明， 那句英语格言“笑是灵丹妙药”到头来可能真的没错。所以，行 动起来，让别人笑一笑——这或许能够有助于他们?还有你自己? 更长寿。
Please match the words with their proper meanings.
A．to laugh at sb.and make jokes about
sth./sb. B．to feel or show sorrow
C．the particular way in which sth. is done
D．happening or existing before the event
or object that you are talking about
E．several different sorts of the same thing
6．mourn F．of or connected with seeing or sight
7．affection G．make sb.laugh or smile
8．amuse H．feeling of fondness
9．perform I．do things in a particular way
10．behave J．do sth. such as a piece of work, task or
duty 答案：1～5 EADFC 6～10 BHGJI
Lead-in Who are they? Discuss the following humorists and write
out what they are famous for.
Fast-reading Skim the text and finish the following questions. 1．According to the text we can learn that the passage is about
stand-up and why people love it . 2．The author's main purpose of writing this passage is to tell
people that laughter is the best medicine/laughter is good for you .
(Ⅰ)Choose the best answers according to the text.
1．How many types of stand-up are mentioned in the text?
2．What does a stand-up comedian usually do while performing? A．The comedian is right there in front of the audience and may talk directly to audience members. B．A stand-up comedian may make fun of an audience member. C．The comedian might decide to tell different jokes in response to the reactions of the audience. D．All the above.
3．Which of the statements is TRUE about Billy Crystal? A．He is a host, an actor and a lecturer. B．He is expected to live longer than Bob Hope. C．He is a continuous source of amusement to people. D．He always brings a toothbrush on stage to beautify his teeth.
4．After reading the fifth paragraph, readers can know that comedians are expected to ________. A．perform stand-up B．have no plans to stop work C．enjoy a very long life D．work till the end of life
5．What's the meaning of the sentence “Laughter is the best medicine”？A.Laughter is the best kind of medicine. B．Laughter is good for your health. C．Laughter is better than medicine. D．Laughter is a kind of medicine.
(Ⅱ)Fill in each blank with no more than three words according to the text.
Study-reading Analyze the following difficult sentences in the text. 1．A stand-up comedian may tease an audience member, or
might decide to tell different jokes depending upon how the audience reacted to his or her previous jokes.
[尝试翻译] 单口喜剧演员可以拿某一位观众开玩笑，也可以根 据观众对之前的玩笑的反应随机应变，讲各种不同的笑话。
2．For example, they may talk about how people act when they queue up, or they may ask why it only rains when you forget your umbrella. [句式分析]
[尝试翻译] 例如，他们可能谈论人们排队时的举动，或者 可能问为什么偏偏在你忘记带雨伞时天会下雨。
3．One little-known fact is that when Crystal is the host of the
Academy Awards, he always keeps a toothbrush in his pocket
for good luck. [句式分析]
Crystal is ...the Academy 时间状语从句
always keeps a toothbrush ...for good 时间状语从句对应的主句
4．He says it is because when he started practising stand-up as a child, he told himself jokes while standing in front of the mirror, brushing his teeth. [句式分析] 本句为多重主从复合句，says后接省略了引 导词that的宾语从句；宾语从句中because引导表语从 句，该表语从句相对复杂，其结构如下：
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