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高中英语 第二单元The united Kingdom Reading课件 新人教版必修5


Unit 2 The United Kingdom

What do you think of when we speak of the UK
Big ben 大本钟 London bridge 伦敦桥 River Thames 泰晤士河 Greenwich Observatory 格林威治天文台 Buckingham Palace 白金汉宫 Westminster Abbey 威斯敏斯特教堂 Official flag--- Union Jack Double Decker bus 双层巴士 Stonehenge 巨石阵 Oxford and Cambridge 牛津大学 剑桥大学

Let’s do a quiz
Which is the national emblem (国徽 国徽) 国徽 of the UK? A. B.

C.

D.

What is the population of the UK? A. about 6.2 million B. about 62 million C. about 620 million

What is the land area of the UK? A. about 244,000 km2 B. about 2,440,000 km2 C. about 24,400,000 km2

Which is the bank note of the UK ? A. U.S. Dollar $

B.

Euros

C.

Pounds ?

What are the provinces called in England ? A. departments B. states C. counties

Who rules the country? A. The Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ B. The Prime Minister C. both

David Cameron

Which is the national flower of the UK? A. B.

Cherry C. Maple

Rose

Which is the national animal of the UK? A. B.

Beaver (海狸) C. Redbreast(知更鸟) Bald eagle(秃鹰)

Which is the longest river in England? A. B.

River Avon C.

River Thames

River Severn

How many countries does the UK consist of ?
Scotland

A. two B. three C. four

Northern Ireland

England Wales

D. five

How long does it take to fly from Beijing to London Heathrow Airport?
A. About 6 hours B. about 10 hours C. about 16 hours
London

Beijing

Read the title and the map , guess what the reading passage might be about.

What is the main idea of the text
A. How many countries make up the United Kingdom? B. Explain how England is divided into three zones C. The reason why London became the cultural capital of England. D. A brief introduction to the UK about its foundation and development based on geography, history and culture.

What is the main idea of each paragraph Para 1: Para 2: Para 3: Para 4: Pa 5&6:
How the UK was formed. States the topic to be examined in the reading. Explains the cultural importance of London Explains differences in the four countries. Explains how England is divided into three zones ;their similarities and differences.

Part 1
UK

How was the UK formed Contains ________, ______, England Wales Scotland and ________________. Northern Ireland

In the 13th Wales England ______ was linked to ________. Century England In the 17th ________ and Wales were joined to Scotland _________. century In the early 20th century _________ Ireland broke away and Southern _________ Northern Ireland joined with ________ England ,Wales and ________ to Scotland the UK become _______.

the United Kingdom
Scotland
Northern Ireland
In the early 20th century

In the 17th century

Great Britain England
Wales England

In the 13th century the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

1. The Union Jack unites the three flags of three countries in the UK. Which country is left out? Why?
Wales is left out, because when people refer to England you find Wales included as well.

2. Why is there only Northern Ireland joined the Great Britain?
Because the southern part of that country broke away to form its own government. So only Northern Ireland joined with England.

3. In what ways are the four countries different?
They are different institutions. They have different educational and legal systems as well as football teams.

Part 2

3 England is divided into __ zones.
Most population settled in ___________________. the South of England Most of the large industrial cities are in the North and the Midlands ____________________. Many cities have famous football teams ___________________.

Part 3
In the England history, there have been four the Romans sets of invaders. They are: _____________, the Anglo-Saxons ____________, the Normans _______________, the Vikings ___________.

What did they leave?

Romans: towns and roads Anglo Saxons:
Language and government

the Vikings:
Influence the vocabulary and place-names of the North

the Normans:
Castles and words for food

Translate these sentences into Chinese.
1. You can easily clarify this question if you study British history. 如果你学习了英国历史, 很容易就能弄清楚这个问题. 如果你学习了英国历史 很容易就能弄清楚这个问题 2. However, the Southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government. 然而,爱尔兰的南部不愿意形成联合王国, 然而 爱尔兰的南部不愿意形成联合王国,它分离 爱尔兰的南部不愿意形成联合王国 出去并建立了自己的政府。 出去并建立了自己的政府。 3.You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom worthwhile. 如果你想使你在英国的旅程有意义, 你必须睁大双眼. 如果你想使你在英国的旅程有意义 你必须睁大双眼

The UK
In the 13th century In the 17th century

In the early 20th century England

London
The four sets of invaders

.Write a short summary of the passage. .Get ready to retell the text in your own words .Read the text again and find out some words, expressions and sentence structures that seem difficult to you.

Thanks a lot!

What is the meaning of some new words
? The UK consists of four countries. ? England can be divided into three main areas. ? The southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government. ? London has museums, art collections, theatres, parks and buildings. ? It has the oldest port built by the Romans and the oldest castle constructed by later Norman rulers. ? You can clarify the question if you study British history. A. escape suddenly B. separate C. be made up of D. cause sth. to become clear or easier to understand E. a group of objects that have been collected ; F. build, set up, establish


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