本试卷共 12 页，三大题，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和座号、班别填写 在非选择题答题卷的密封线内。但选择题答题卡必须用 2B 铅笔填涂。 2．选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点 涂黑，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3． 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答， 答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定 区域内相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案；不 准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
I 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意．然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I helped them make some fresh lemonade and brought out some additional 12 to help clean cars．Passers-by were 13 and one even shouted back to them saying “God Bless You, my kids…” One of them even tried giving them 5 dollars, which they refused ． A pretty heartwarming 14 ! I feel blessed by being 15 by such wonderful and loving souls． 1．A．drying B．washing C．repairing D．decorating 2．A．warm B．hot C．cold D．cool 3．A．worried B．popular C．confused D．difficult 4．A．challenged B．expected C．invited D．encouraged 5．A．creative B．ready C．difficult D．familiar 6．A．picture B．idea C．board D．car
7．A．theme B．trouble C．secret D．purpose 8．A．order B．duty C．imagination D．need 9．A．important B．disappointing C．hopeful D．natural 10．A．matter B．mean C．belong D．refer 11．A．relax B．try C．help D．smile 12．A．rags B．food C．money D．fruit 13．A．interested B．bored C．amazed D．frightened 14．A．scenery B．scene C．story D．view 15．A．supported B．understood C．refused D．surrounded 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词 语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16—25 的相应位置上。 A baby is in danger and its mother is crazy with worry. This is something anyone can relate to, even though we are talking about a mother elephant that has been separated 16 her child. A video capturing(捕捉) the reunion between the elephant and her 8-month-old baby in Kenya was one of the 17 (impressive) scenes in 2012. The baby fell inside 18 man-made hole and was unable to climb out, according to a video released by the Amboseli Trust for Elephants. Despite the best efforts of her desperate mother, the baby seemed helpless 19 a team of conservation workers rushed to help. They had to chase the overprotective mother away first, so that 20 could get close enough to rescue the baby. They 21 (struggle) to pull the baby out with ropes and a vehicle. 22 (lucky), the workers managed to pull the baby to safety. 23 followed was a touching scene. As soon as the baby was freed, it ran away across the plain. In the 24 (distant), the cries of her mother could be heard as she came running from the opposite direction. The two were reunited, 25 (hug) each other with their trunks. hugging
II 阅读(共两节，满分 50 分)
第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A If you were walking around a supermarket and saw a woman with a shaved head, a ring through her nose, a tattoo（纹身）design on her arm and she has a small child in her shopping trolley, what would your opinion be? Do you think this kind of body decoration is attractive or ugly? Different people have different ideas. The following are some examples of body decoration from around the world. In many parts of Africa, it is thought that an attractive girl should have really shinny skin. On Bali, a little island in Indonesia, they believe that a beautiful woman or handsome man must have perfectly straight, flat teeth. The Balinese believe that teeth with pointed edges make you look like an ugly wild animal. So when a girl or boy becomes a teenager, he or she is taken to a special person in their village who will file off teeth points to make them smooth and flat. There is no anesthetic（麻药）and this tooth filing is really painful. It is a kind of test. If you can stand it without screaming or crying too much, then you are thought ready to become an adult.
In Myanmar, there is a small group of people who are called the “Papaung”. They believe that a woman can only be really beautiful if she has a long neck. I mean a VERY long neck. Now you might think that you are either born with a long or short neck and that there’s nothing whatever you can do about it. But you would be wrong! At around the age of 5, a Papaung girl has heavy metal rings fitted around her neck, tightly between the chin and shoulders. Each year more rings are added and very, very slowly their weight pushes the shoulders down, in this way making the neck look longer. A Papaung woman will wear her neck rings all her life, never once taking them off. So now I’m sure you will all agree that different people have different ideas about what is beautiful.
B A few months ago as I wandered through my parents’ house, the same house I grew up in, I had a sudden, scary realization. When my parents bought the house, in 1982, they were only two years older than I am now. I tried to imagine myse lf in two years, ready to settle down and buy the house I’d still be living in almost 30 years later. It seemed ridiculous. On a practical level, there’s no way I could afford to buy a house anytime soon. More importantly, I wouldn’t want to. I’m not sure where I’ll be living in two years, or what kind of job I’ll have. And I don’t think I’ll be ready to settle down and stay in one place. So this is probably the generation gap that divides my friends and me from our parents. When our parents were our age, they’d gotten their education, chosen a career, and were starting to settle into responsible adult lives. My friends and I – “Generation Y” – still aren’t sure what we want to do with our lives. Whatever we end up doing, we want to make sure we’re happy doing it. We’d rather take risks first, try out different jobs, and move from one city to another until we find our favorite place.
We’d rather spend our money on travel than put it in a savings account. This casual attitude toward responsibility has caused some critics to call my generation “arrogant”, “impatient”, and “overprotected”. Some of these complaints have a point. As children we were encouraged to succeed in school, but also to have fun. We grew up in a world full of technological innovation: cell phones, the Internet, instant messaging, and video games. Our parents looked to rise vertically(垂直的)--starting at the bottom of the ladder and slowly making their way to the top, on the same track, often for the same co mpany. That doesn’t apply to my generation. Because of that, it may take us longer than our parents to arrive at responsible, stable adulthood. But that’s not necessarily a bad thing. In our desire to find satisfaction, we will work harder, strive for ways to keep life interesting, and gain a broader set of experiences and knowledge than our parents’ generation did. By Ariel Lewiton
34. What can we conclude from the article? A. The author wrote this article so that others would be able to understand her generation better. B. Growing up in a hi-tech world makes “Generation Y” feel insecure about relationships. C. “Generation Y” people don’t want to grow up and love to be taken care of by their parents. D. The author is envious of her parents enjoying a big house at her age. 35. What is the main theme of the article? A. The sudden realization of growing up. B. Criticisms of the young generation. C. A comparison between lifestyles of generations. D. The factors that have changed the young generation. C Believe it or not, optical illusion(视错觉) can cut highway crashes. Japan is a case in point. It has reduced car crashes on some roads by nearly 75 percent using a simple optical illusion. But stripes, called chevrons(人字形), painted on the roads make drivers
think that they are driving faster than they really are, and thus drivers slow down. Now the American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety in Washington D.C. is planning to repeat Japan’s success. Starting next year, the foundation will paint chevrons and other patterns of stripes on selected roads around the country to test how well the patterns reduce highway crashes. Too great speed plays a major role in as much as one fifth of all serious traffic accidents, according to the foundation. To help reduce those accidents, the fou ndation will conduct its tests in areas where speed-related risks are the greatest curves, exit slopes, traffic circles, and bridges. Some studies suggest that straight, horizontal bars(水平杆)painted across roads can initially cut the average speed of drivers in half. However, traffic often returns to full speed within months as drivers become used to seeing the painted bars. Chevrons, scientists say, not only give drivers the impression that they are driving faster than they really are but also make a lane appear to be narrower. The result is a longer lasting reduction in highway speed and the number of traffic accidents. 36. The passage mainly discusses ________. A. a new type of optical illusion B. a new pattern for painting highways C. a new way of training drivers D. a new way of highway speed control 37. On roads painted with chevrons, drivers tend to feel that ________. A. they should avoid speed-related danger B. they should slow down their speed C. they are driving in the wrong side D. they are coming near to t he speed limit 38. Compared with straight, horizontal bars, what is the advantage of chevrons? A. They will have a longer effect on drivers B. They can cut road accidents in half C. They will look more attractive D. They can keep drivers awake 39. The American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety plans to ________. A. repeat the Japanese road patterns B. change the road signs across the country C. replace straight, horizontal bars with chevrons D. try out the Japanese method in certain areas 40. What does the author say about straight, horizontal bars painted across roads? A. They are suitable only on broad roads. B. They are falling out of use in the United States. C. They are ignored in a long period of time. D. They cannot be used successfully to traffic circles. D The $ 11 billion self – help industry is built on the idea that you should turn negative thoughts like “ I never do anything right” into positive ones like “I can succeed.” But was positive thinking advocate Norman Vincent Peale right? Is there power in positive thinking? Researchers in Canada just published a study in the journal Psychological Science that says trying to get people to think more positively can actually have the opposite effect: it can simply stress how unhappy they are.
The study's authors, Joanne Wood and John Lee of the University of Waterloo and Elaine Perunovic of the University of New Brunswick, begin by citing older research showing that when people get feedback which they believe is too positive, they actually feel worse, not better. If you tell your stupid friend that he has the potential of an Einstein, you're just underlining his faults. In one 1990s experiment, a team including psychologist Joel Cooper of Princeton asked participants to write essays opposing funding for the disabled. When the authors were later praised for their sympathy, they felt even worse about what they had written. In this experiment, Wood, Lee and Perunovic measured 68 students’ self-respect. The participants were then asked to write down their thoughts and feelings for four minutes. Every 15 seconds, one group of students heard a bell. When it rang, they were supposed to tell themselves, "I am lovable." Those with low self-respect didn't feel better after the forced self-affirmation(自我肯定). In fact, their moods turned significantly darker than those of members of the control group, who weren't urged to think positive thoughts. The paper provides support for newer forms of psychotherapy (心理治疗) that urge people to accept their negative thoughts and feelings rather than fight them. In the fighting, we not only often fail but can make things worse. Instead, meditation (静思) techniques can teach people to put their shortcomings into a larger, more realistic way. Call it the power of negative thinking.
45. What do we learn from the last paragraph? A. People can avoid making mistakes through meditation. B. Meditation may prove to be a good form of psychotherapy. C. The effects of p ositive thinking vary from person to person. D. Different people tend to have different ways of thinking. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
请阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑。 首先,请阅读下列书城畅销书的封面及基本信息。 A．Foreword
B．How Fear Limits Us
C．Determination: How to Set Goals and Go After Them
D．The Anger Business
Anger : The Misunderstood Emotion by Carol Tavris, Ph.D. Carol Tavris, Ph.D., was senior editor. She now teaches from time to time in the department of psychology at UCLA Motto: Reduce Stress!
E．In the Presence of Danger The Gift of Fear by Gavin de Becker Davin de Becker, America’s leading expert on violence, is the bestsell ing author of the Gift of Fear: Survival Signals. Motto: Trust and act on our straight instincts.
F．Moving from Fear to Freedom
Transforming Anxiety, Transcending Shame by Rex Briggs, M.S.W. REX BRIGGS, M.S.W., has been a selected speaker at the National Anxiety Disorders Association of America’s conferences since 1986. Motto: Weaken anxiety
下面是这些书的简要内容，请匹配相关的书名。zxxk 46．This book is based on his years of clinical experience. It says about twenty-five million Americans take medicine to avoid depression. Despite the advances in the treatment of depression in recent years, many patients, even with the best medical care, feel that they are not living rich and fulfilling lives. This book will direct you how to survive well. 47．This valuable book states that nervousness has become a constant factor in today’s society like a sign of the times, but it is sometimes difficult to recognize the effects of anxiety on our mental health. The only way to feel better about ourselves is to go out and do it. 48．This useful and popular book shows that if you are gone broke and lose love, please hold yourself back. If you look fat, just face it calmly. If you are in survival thinking, the most important is that you get rid of all the difficulties in front of us, life will be safe, perfect. If your daughters are to take their rightful place in society, they must become fearless. 49．In this book, the author calls the nation’s leading experts on violent behavior, and shows you how to spot even tiny signs of danger before it’s too late. Most violent acts are unpredictable. It points out that true fear is often a signal that can save your life. Believe the threat of violence surrounds us every day. But we can protect ourselves by straight judgment. 50．This interesting book tells us that annoyance is as much a political matter as a biological one. And anger is a definite message: Pay attention to me. I don’t like what you are doing. Restore my pride. You’re in my way. Give me justice. This book suggests that when you’re angry, just let it right out.
III 写作(共两节，满分 40 分)
第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 你接受了一项写作任务，要为学校英语报写一篇介绍祖国名胜的文章。 【写作内容】
【写作要求】 1、只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2、文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【参考词汇】 ＊世界文化景观 World Heritage Centre-Cultural Landscape ；＊绝壁 cliff；＊东晋 East Jin Dynasty 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 个词左右的英语短文。
【写作内容】 1 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2 以约 120 词对“今日事今日毕”展开议论，内容包括： (1) 你读了本篇文章后，有什么感想； (2) 谈谈你对“今日事今日毕”的看法； (3) 你平时是怎样合理安排时间，及时完成老师布置的任务的。 【写作要求】zxxk 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容 但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。zxxk 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。zxxk
英 语 参 考 答 案
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