2019 学年下学期第一次月考 高一英语试卷
第 I 卷（共 90 分）
第一部分 听力 (共两节, 满分 30 分)
第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 7．5 分）
请听下面 5 段对话, 每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最
佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题
1. What is the man now?
A. A guide.
B. A secretary.
C. A salesman.
2. Where does the woman think the man left his magazine?
A. At the hotel.
B. On the train.
C. At home.
3. How will the man go home next year according to the conversation?
A. By motorcycle.
B. By train.
C. By bicycle.
4. Who wants to take the summer camp?
A. The woman’s daughter. B. The woman’s brother. C. The woman’s son.
5. What will the woman do tonight?
A. Look after her grandma.
B. Go to a concert.
C. Go shopping.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 22．5 分）
请听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个
选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个
小题, 每小题 5 秒钟; 听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。
6. Where does the man usually have his lunch?
A. In the canteen.
B. In a restaurant.
C. At home.
7. What does the man want to have for lunch?
A. Sandwich, orange juice and boiled egg.
B. Hamburger, Coca cola and fired egg.
C. Hamburger, juice and boiled egg.
请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8~10 题。
8. What did the man send his girlfriend last year?
A. A computer.
B. A mobile phone.
C. An iPad.
9. What does the man plan to do after graduation?
A. Run a farm.
B. Do further study.
C. Travel around
10. How much does the man want to borrow?
A. 1,500 yuan.
B. 2,000 yuan.
C. 3,500 yuan.
请听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。
11. What did the woman do yesterday?
A. She had the fridge repaired.
B. She bought a new fridge.
C. She spent $ 420 on the heater.
12. What color does the man probably like?
13. When will the man move in?
A. Two days later.
B. Ten days later.
C. Two weeks later.
请听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。
14. How long has it been since the woman last saw Mr. Brown?
A. Thirteen years.
B. Seventeen years.
C. Thirty years.
15. What did the woman and Mr. Brown talk about especially?
A. Her monitor.
B. Their village.
C. A library.
16. What does the man want Mr. Brown to do?
A. Give a lecture.
B. Write a children’s book. C. Publish a story
请听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。
17. Who picked up the children from school?
A. Mrs. Baker.
B. Mr. Baker.
C. Mrs. Smith.
18. What did the children do at six thirty?
A. They had their dinner. B. They did their homework. C. They watched TV.
19. When should the children have to go to bed?
A. At eight.
B. At nine.
C. At ten.
20. What do we know about Peter?
A. He arrives at home at ten.
B. He sometimes helps with the dishes.
C. He irons clothes for his children.
第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节, 满分 30 分)
第一节 (共 10 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 20 分)
阅读下面短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项。
Will it matter if you don’t have your breakfast? A short time ago, a test was given
in the United States. People of different ages, from 12 to 83, were asked to have
a test. During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfasts, and sometimes
they got no breakfast at all. Scientists wanted to see how well their bodies worked
when they had different kinds of breakfasts.
The rules show that if a person eats a right breakfast, he or she will work better
than if he or she has no breakfast. If a student has fruit, eggs, bread and milk before
going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully in class.
The result is opposite to what some people think. Having no breakfast will not help
them lose weight. This is because they are so hungry at noon that they eat too much
for lunch. They will gain weight instead of losing it. You will lose weight if you
reduce your other meals.
21. According to the passage, some people think without breakfast they will_____.
A. gain weight
B. get a good result in their work
C. lose weight
D. not be hungry at all.
22. Scientists wanted to know whether_____.
A. people were interested in breakfast
B. breakfast had any effect on work and studies
C. breakfast did harm to people ’s health
D. people would work better without breakfast
23. Which of the following sciences is not right?
A. It is bad for your health to have no breakfast.
B. No breakfast and more lunch may make you fatter.
C. If you don’t eat much for lunch and supper, you may lose weight.
D. The more breakfast you have, the more quickly you will learn in class.
Nearly all of us have a bad habit, whether we know it or not. Some people say they
want to get rid of（去除） it but don't know the proper ways. Here's some advice on
how to get rid of bad habits.
Make a list. Write down all the reasons why you want to stop a certain behavior，
how it's hurting you and why to get rid of it, this will help a lot. Look at that
Join in other activities. It's wise of you to do something else when you want to
stop your bad habit. If you get angry easily, for example, you can practice having
a deep breath or going for a walk.
Give yourself a present. Before you take action against a bad habit, decide what
you'll do to celebrate it if you reach your goal.
Keep off bad habits. If you are fat and want to lose weight, keep junk food out
of your house. If you are a heavy smoker with coffee, turn to tea and keep away from
friends who like smoking.
Be patient. Bad habits develop over years, so you probably won't be able to get
rid of them quickly. In fact, people often give up several times before being
successful, so you should be patient.
Find support. Don't be afraid to ask for support from friends, family or other people
who have the same bad habits as you. When you talk to others, they might be able to
provide advice or encouragement that you usually wouldn't get from yourself.
24．The writer gives us ________ pieces of advice in the passage.
A．four B．five C．six
25．If you want to lose weight, you should ________.
A．drink more coffee
B．refuse the junk food
C．find support from friends D．find a heavy smoker
26．Which of the following is WRONG according to the passage?
A．It's not easy to get rid of bad habits in a short time.
B．You can write down all the reasons for getting rid of bad habits.
C．When talking to others, you can get what you can't get from yourself.
D．When you want to stop your bad habits, don't do anything.
27．From the passage you can learn ________.
A．how to get rid of bad habits
B．why we have some bad habits
C．what to do to have a bad habit D．where to find some support
At the beginning of the century there was a big farm called Hollywood Ranch. It
was near Los Angeles in California. A few years later Hollywood was one of the most
famous places of the world. From the 1910s to the 1950s Hollywood was the film center
of the world. Every family knew the names of the film stars Charlie Chaplin, Greta
Garbo, Bergman and hundreds more.
The reason why people went to Hollywood to make films was the sun. At first people
made films in New York on the east coast of the United States. But then they heard
about Los Angeles where there are 350 days of sun every year. As they made all the
films by sunlight, the west coast was a much better place to work.
Also near Hollywood you can find mountains and sea and desert. They did not have
to travel far to make any kind of film.
When TV became popular in the 1960s, Hollywood started making films for television.
Then in the 1970s they discovered people still went to cinema to see big expensive
films. After twenty years they are still making films in Hollywood and people watch
them all over the world.
28. Hollywood used to be a __________.
A. cinema B. big farm C. park D. market
29. Who was not mentioned as a film star in the passage?
A. Charlie Chaplin.
B. Marilyn Monroe
C. Ingrid Bergman
D. Greta Garbo.
30. People went to Hollywood to make films because __________.
A. it was a beautiful place
B. you could find many film stars
C. there was a lot of sunlight there D. it was a famous place
第二节 (共 5 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 10 分)
Food safety is a problem in all places around the world and people in different
areas of the world prepare foods in different ways. The WHO released five simple rules
for preparing food in a safe way. 31________
Key 1: Keep clean.
The first key tells about the importance of washing. People should wash their hands
often—before touching food, while they are preparing food, and any time after they
go to the toilet. People should wash all surfaces and equipment used for preparing
Key 2: 33________
People should separate raw, or uncooked food from foods that are already cooked
and foods that will not be cooked. People should store raw meat, chicken, and fish
in containers, or in separate areas. Raw foods should not touch prepared foods.
Key 3: Cook completely.
People should cook eggs and meat, like birds, seafood, and animals, especially
carefully. These foods may carry more micro-organisms than other foods. Food like
soup must be boiled for at least a minute to make it be cooked completely. It is also
important that people re-heat cooked food completely.
Key 4: Keep food at safe temperatures.
When people are finished with eating, they should keep the left food in a
refrigerator below 5℃ and shouldn’t store it for too long. At room temperature,
about 20℃, the amount of micro-organisms can increase very quickly. 34________ They
cannot grow as quickly in a very hot or very cold environment.
Key 5: Use safe water and raw materials.
35______ Damaged or old food may develop harmful chemicals as it gets older.
A. They call these rules the “Five Keys to Safer Food.” B. Eat cooked food immediately, while it is still hot. C. People should also protect cooking areas and food from insects and animals. D. Keeping everything clean helps people to avoid micro-organisms. E. People should use safe water and choose fresh foods. F. Separate raw and cooked. G. But temperatures above 60℃ or below 5℃ control the growth of micro-organisms. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。
There was once a farmer who had a fine olive orchard（橄榄园）. He was very
hardworking, and the 36 always prospered（繁荣）under his care. But he knew
that his three 37 looked down upon the farm work, and were eager to make wealth.
When the farmer was 38 and felt that he would die, he 39 the three sons
to him and said, “My sons, there is a pot of gold 40 in the olive orchard.
Dig for it, if you wish it.”
The sons tried to 41 him to tell them in what part of the orchard the 42
was hidden, but he would tell them nothing more.
After the farmer was 43 , the sons went to work to find the pot of gold; since
they did not 44 where the hiding-place was, they agreed to begin in a line, at
one 45 of the orchard, and to dig until one of them should find the money.
They 46 until they turned up the 47 from one end of the orchard to 48 .
49 no pot of gold was to be found. It seemed as if someone must have stolen it,
or as if the farmer had been wandering in his wits. The three sons were bitterly
50 to have all their work for nothing.
The next olive 51 , the olive trees in the orchard bore（结果实）more fruit
than they had 52 given; when it was 53 , it gave the sons a whole pot of gold.
And when they saw how much money had 54 the orchard, they suddenly
understood what the wise father had 55 when he said, “There is gold hidden
in the orchard. Dig for it, if you wish it.”
50．A．disappointed B．surprised C．worried D．sad
54．A. come on
B．come about C．come up D. come from
B．planned C．guessed D．meant
第 II 卷（共 60 分）
第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分)
With food 56.
(cook) on the fire and a hot cup of tea in your hand，you
relax and watch the sun go down the 57.
If you're looking for experiences like this，Adventure 2000 is 58.
organisation for you. We have 59.
(experience) guides to make sure the hiking
trip is 60.
(comfort) and safe. As well as the group guide，we have cooks and
means that you can simply enjoy the experience.
Good travel 62.
(arrange) are also important. We organise all the 63.
(flight) and accommodation for you.64.
you don't want to go straight home
afterwards，there're special offers for you! The hike costs ￡2,500 65.
(include) all flights and accommodation. Maximum group size is 15 people.
第四部分 写作（共三节；满分 45 分） 第一节 完成句子 （每空填一词，共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 66. I have great difficulty _________( persuade) him to give up such a foolish idea.
67. Those _______(出席的) at the meeting all voted for the bill.
68. After graduating from college, he went abroad for further __________(educate).
69. I __________(认出) Peter although I hadn’t seen him for 10 years.
70. You don't need to pay_____(额外的)money to have a nice dinner--everything you
need is included.
71. The complete ____(equip) of the new hospital will take a year. 72.I was still sleeping when the fire ____ ____, and then it spread quickly.（爆 发） 73. He was now a very _________ (wealth) man. 74. Helen waited for Tom for ages but he didn't _____ _____（出现）. 75. Both teams organized food bases in _____（prepare）for their journeys next year. 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改句子，请你修改你同桌写的以下句子。每个句子 均有一处错误，错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 76. Late in the afternoon, the boys put out their tent in the middle of a field. As
soon as this was done, they cooked a meal over a open fire. They were all hungry and
the food smelling good. After a wonderful meal, they were told stories and sang songs
by the campfire. But some time late it began to rain. The boys felt tiring so they
put out the fire and crept into their tent. Their sleeping bags were warm and
comfortable, so they all slept sound. In the middle of the night, two boys wake up
and began shouting. The tent was filled of water! They all leapt out their sleeping
bags and hurried outside. 第三节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是李华，进入高中后，你觉得学英语的方式和初中有很大不同，你给自己的英语 老师写了一封信，讲述自己的英语学习情况。要包括以下内容：
1、开始学习高中英语时，觉得比初中英语难得多，几乎丧失信心。 2、后来认识到英语的重要性。 3、每天努力学习英语。 4、向老师和同学请教更好的英语学习方法。 5、现在英语取得了很大进步，对英语越来越感兴趣。 6、信的开头结尾已给出。 提示：初中 junior high school 高中 senior high school 词数：100 左右词 Dear Mr. Li,
I am glad to tell you that ___________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Yours, Li Hua
2019 学年下学期第一次月考 高一英语试卷答案
第一部分 听力 (共两节, 满分 30 分)
1 一 20 CBCBA
第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节, 满分 30 分)
第一节 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 20 分)
A 篇 CBD
C 篇 BBC
第二节 (共 5 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 10 分) 31-35 ADFGE
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 36—40 ABBCC 41---45 DDCBA 46—50 ABCDA 51—55 ACBDD
第二节 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分) 56.cooking 57.amazing 58.the 59.experienced 60.comfortable
62.arrangements 63．flights 64.If 65.including
第四部分写作（共两节；满分 45 分） 第一节 完成句子 （共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
66.persuading 67.present 68.education 69.recoganised 70.extra 71.equipment 72.broke
out 73.wealthy 74.turn up 75.preparation
第二节单句改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
72. a--an 73.smelling—smelled 74.去掉 were 75. late--later
78. wake--woke 79. filled—full 或者 of 改成 with 80. out
第三节 书面表达（满分 25 分） Dear Mr. Li,
I’m glad to tell you that I have made great progress in my English study since I became a senior high school student.
When I started senior English in the beginning, I found it much more difficult than what we learned in junior school and I almost lost heart. Later, I realized the importance of English, so I got up early every morning, recited English words, listened to English tapes and did a lot of exercises. I also asked my teachers and classmates for better ways of learning English.
Now, I’m improving my English greatly. And I’m getting more and more interested in learning it. Thank you so much for your great help in your class.
Wish you all the best.
高一英语 听力原文 (Text 1) W: Do you enjoy being a salesman? M: No. I don’t I’m planning to look for work as a guide or a secretary, though I’ve never regretted my earlier decision. (Text 2) M: Oh, no. Where is my magazine? I have to return it tomorrow. Did I leave it at the hotel? W: Impossible. I saw you reading it on the train. You must have left it there. (Text 3) W: I can’t believe you are going to ride your motorcycle home for the Spring Festival. M: Well, there was no other way, since I failed to get a train ticket. But I like challenges. Maybe I will go home by bicycle next year. (Text 4) M: Good morning. What can I do for you? W: Well, I’d like some information about your summer camp. M: For your daughter or son? W: Neither. It’s for my brother. Believe it or not, he is just eight years older
than my son. (Text 5) M: Are you free tonight? I have two tickets for a concert. W: I’d love to, but I have to go to the hospital tonight and look after my grandma. M: What happened? W: She fell down when she was at the supermarket. (Text 6) M: Anne, would you please buy some lunch for me on your way back? W: No problem. But why not just join us? We’re going out to eat right now. M: I’d love to, but I am busy with a report now. Otherwise, I would go with you. You know I dislike eating at my desk. W: No wonder you never bring lunch from home and usually have lunch in the canteen. M: Right. W: What do you want? Your favorite sandwich and orange juice? M: This time I’d like a hamburger and a cup of Coca Cola. W: Anything else? Some chips? M: Hmm … Perhaps a fried egg instead. (Text 7) M: Could you lend me some money. Laura? W: Again? Bill, this is the third time you’ve asked me for help! M: I know. I’m sorry, but my girlfriend’s birthday is coming, and I want to buy her a mobile phone. W: Why are you always buying such expensive things for her? Last year, a computer, the year before last, an iPad. You are not that rich. M: That was not a problem when I had a part-time job, you know. W: Do you mean you’ve quit your part-time job? M: Yes. This is my last year in university and I want to focus on my studies. W: What do you plan to do after graduation? Find a job or do further study? M: Well, my father wants me to help him on his far, but I want to spend a year traveling around the world. W: That sounds interesting! But how do you plan to pay for your travel? M: I might try to borrow from my friends. But I won’t worry about that right now… Right now, would you lend me just a bit of money for a mobile phone? I have 1,500 yuan, so I need just 2,000 more.
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W: Sorry. I can’t help you this time. (Text 8) M: Mrs. Green, shall we have a look at the apartment? W: Certainly, Mr. Smith. This way, please. M: Is the fridge working well now? When I came last time, it was so noisy when I turned it on. W: Yes, I had it repaired yesterday. M: What about the heater? It seemed it wasn’t working at all. W: Don’t worry. I have bought a new one. M: Great. OK. Mrs. Green, we’d like to live here for at least four years, but I think 450 dollars a month is a bit too much for us. What about 400 dollars? W: I’m sorry, Mr. Smith, but I can’t go any lower than 420 dollars a month. M: All right — that’s fine. Would you mind it I painted the walls green? I don’t like yellow. W: Sure. The family that just moved out painted the walls yellow last year. They had been pink for five years. M: I see. Well, I’ll move in next week, ten days from now. W: OK, sounds good. I hope you enjoy living here. (Text 9) M: Did you go to visit your first teacher when you went back to visit your hometown? W: Yes, I went to see Mr. Brown the first day I arrived there. I hadn’t seen him for thirty years. M: How is he now? W: Well, he’s in his seventies. He didn’t recognize me at first, but when I told him my name and showed him an old photo, he immediately knew who I was. M: You must have had a good time talking about old memories. W: Certainly. We talked about the things and people we remembered, especially our monitor, who donated a library to our village. M: Your teacher must feel proud. W: That’s true. He said his hard work paid off. One of my classmates works in the United States and invited him to visit last year. M: Your teacher has retired by now, hasn’t he? W: Yes, but he still lives at school. He likes being with children and tells stories to children whenever possible. He is busy writing a children’s book these days. He
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says a real teacher never retires. M: He should give a lecture on how to be a good teacher! (Text 10)
Mrs. Baker was very tired. She had been working all day long, but the busiest time of her day was in the evening. Her children were picked up from school by her sister, Mrs. Smith, who brought them home by five. Mrs. Baker had to cook dinner so the children could eat at six, and then start on their homework at six thirty. If they finished their work by eight, they could watch TV for an hour before bed. At nine, they were sent to bed, but that was not the end of Mrs. Baker’s work for the day. She sat down for a moment to have a rest and think about what she had to do next.
“Now I must wash the dishes and iron the children’s clothes for the morning. Peter will come back home from work at ten, and he will be hungry. The dishes will have been washed and his dinner will be ready by the time he arrives, but the ironing will not have been done by then. In fact, I doubt whether that will be done until midnight.”
日月崇拜是原始宗教的重要内容之一，中国古代很早就有祭祀礼俗。殷人将称东母与西周依据时间属性行朝夕“”即秋分晚上在门外春战神被为皇公、王沂南汉画像石坐柱收物（昆仑山）两旁跪捣药玉兔由此可知晋郭璞《<海经>图赞》精说法言而后世嫦娥演变来秦期仍家制直至明清历都仪 上古时期祭月列入皇家祀典而例行后，民间缺少了的消息这可能与代社会神权控制有关像日样表阴阳天地大只才之沟通一般百姓无缘享。隋唐以随着文知识丰富化观念进步人们对亮较理性认圣色彩明显褪也逐渐失去独占平来说不再是那“高及”朝虽没中秋节但精浪漫亲近自然赏已成为尚吟咏华章丽句寻常见如许浑《鹤林寺夜玩》云：尽出沧海半露寒当碧轮移金殿外镜光犹挂玉楼前 在宋代，中秋节已成为民俗日。文人沿袭赏月古风但其情趣大异于唐多由亮的清辉联想到河山壮美友朋千里邀明诗酒流如白居易《八十五夜禁独直对忆元九》“三新色二外故心”就借抒发了感物怀思常以之阴晴圆缺喻生变化无苏轼暮云收尽溢寒银汉声转玉盘此不长好年何处看寄托着这种浩叹似乎光也难掩伤过来说还有另一形态即世欢愉北东京贵家结饰台榭间争占楼玩（梦华录）南杭州更是热闹蟾满时王孙公子、富巨室莫登临轩酌高歌；小商户上安排宴团女酬佳梁市井贫解衣勉强迎肯虚度 团圆是中秋节俗的心意义。宋人识已与令发生关联，代城市居民阖家共赏月就体现了这一伦理因素明清时期由于学浸染间社会乡族观念增强们对庭更为依恋正加亲系良机“以饼相连取之”（田汝成《西湖游览志奈》）在经出但特色食品及祭供风大概始朝小活作象征情感信物互馈送 节日是常生活的亮点，俗文化时代精神聚焦。中秋经历了人赏月雅趣民间拜情以及有心吃饼而无看形态从古至今发重大变一部演史也国众迁 （摘编自萧放《团圆饼与月亮节—中秋俗形态的变迁》） 1．下列关于原文内容的表述，不正确一项是() A．对于日月，殷人称东母与西春秋战国时皇公、王汉代从这些呼可以看出中古的崇拜有一脉相承之处。 B．唐宋两代都有文人赏月的风尚。多借表达对自然美景欣赞，体现出诗酒流情趣而常因抒发感伤之 C．南宋时的都城杭州，中秋夜热闹非凡不仅富家巨室、小商户宴饮赏玩“以酬佳节”连财力匮乏市井贫民也勉寻欢足见在当已是常重要日。 D．中秋的节俗文化经历了不断丰富与演变过程，如宋人赋予阖家团圆意义明则将月饼引入作为象征联系亲族感情信物。 2．下列理解和分析，不符合原文意思的一项是() A．弦、望晦朔是月亮在运行过程中被人观察到的不同形态，国大多数节日设定基准如秋就与“”有关。 B．中秋节源于原始宗教的月亮崇拜，但形成较晚。唐代文人已有之夜赏风尚到宋则为重要民俗日 C．沂南汉画像石中的西王母为月神，居于昆仑山后演变嫦娥。晋代郭璞《<海经>图赞》“精”说法即以此话依据 D．唐朝的一般民众将月亮视为欣赏对象，而不再觉得它高可及这跟天文知识丰富、化观念进步和皇家丧失祭独占权大有关系 3．根据原文内容，下列说法不正确的一项是() A．月为天地大神，在宗教祭祀中位重要上古时期统治者独占权之后直至隋唐以前一般民众无国间也没有的风俗。 B．尽管唐宋文人赏月的情趣大异，但白居易《八十五日夜禁中独直对忆元九》和苏轼秋都是借抒怀感伤之作表达了友思念。 C．在宋代，中秋已是团圆佳节到明清时期理学的影响增强了民间社会乡族观念和人们对家庭依恋于更成为共享天伦与联系亲良机。 D．中秋节俗形态丰富，从文人雅士赏玩明月到民间阖家团圆共再以饼相赠加强亲族联系这些习的演变折射了时代精神迁。 （二）文学类本阅读14分 阅读下面的文字，完成4-6题。
百年震柳 梁衡 1920年月6日，宁夏海原县发生了一场全球最大的地震。是晚8时风暴起四野尘霾颤动山移、裂河断城陷黄土高经这抖如骨牌倒块横飞老百姓惊呼：“走！”有整座滑行三公里者坡面积竟毗连达两千平方就瞬间塞成湖形无数小子中心盐为西北重要产之底突然鼓道滚陡坎人在下推滴水不漏将个向称所标都被扭曲翻腾得目非开条37长缝贯甘肃陕闪电过利刃破竹见池村庄劈半禾田畴撕碎片当穿谷正旺盛柳树它照样噼啪路去但没想到些柔枝弱虽摇东歪拔根却气绝身死狂后棵又挺顽强活来至今仍屹立空那名 我不知道这株柳，该称它是一棵还两。同根干样的树纹头上枝叶连理但地震已经将从下撕为二现在个半边中间可穿行人而每也都有合抱之粗了老看脸皮过百年岁月煎熬如肤糙多皱青筋暴突路宽容进指东奔西似去又回黄土高原千沟万壑50就说时4龄大难后至今1 看过树皮，再干的开裂部分真让你心惊肉跳。平常锯一根木头无论从哪个方向切入那剖面上年轮图案都幻化穷美不胜收以至于纹装饰成了我们生活中可或缺风景之也命象征但是现在对找到丝如同五马尸地闪先将老嘎嘣扯断又下往扭、撕剥然后质肝肺横竖揪惨忍睹这棵并没有死震它却拔尽须；躯连理枝灾难慢挺来百人迹罕桃源深处阳光暖抚慰着身子细雨轻冲洗伤口自泌汁液小疗养骨长疤痕早已演许多起伏条块洞沟瘤像凝固岩石为定格段忘岁月 柳树这个种很怪。论性格，它是偏于柔弱一面的枝条韧婀娜多姿生水边所以常被人作了情象征唐有折相送习俗取其如丝依不舍贺知章把比窈窕美：“碧玉妆成高万垂下绿绦细叶谁裁出二月春风似剪刀”但在关键时刻女子却能克刚表现特别顽强西北气候寒冷干旱足够恶劣年扎根此o国黄土地上天发芽最早、秋落迟尽力给大色当左宗棠进军要单选中与同行新栽杨三千里引得度殊本领遇即就长休息苦熬着等待雨绝会轻去死系达自己铺造庞供统远延伸开捕捉哪怕汽木软用来做案板剁而裂；立道旁吹 我想，海原大地震的波绕球三圈移山填河夺去了28万人生命而这一株裂不死古柳却能够存活下来它肯定是要对后说点什么。
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