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高中英语语法 倒装句


Grammar Inversion 倒装

英语倒装句分为两种:

1、整个谓语在主语前的句子,叫

完全倒装。

In came our English teacher. There is a table in the room.

2、部分谓语(情态动词、主动词、连系 动词)在前,谓语的主体部分仍在主语之 后的句子,叫不完全倒装句/部分倒装。
Why did you do it like that? Seldom have I been to Beijing.

在 there be 句子中,谓语是be, exist, live, lie 等表示状 态的不及物动词。 动词后的名词为句子的主语。句子 的谓语应与最靠近它的主语相一致。

一、完全倒装 1. There be 句型

There is nobody in the classroom. There seems something wrong with my radio.

There happened an event last week.
There stands a temple on the top of the

mountain.

2. 用于副词(here、there、now、 out、 in、 then、up、down、away、over、 off、 back 等)开头的句子中。 The bus comes here. Here comes the bus.
The children went out. Out went the children. The horses went off.
Off went the horses.

The prices go up and out. Up and out go the prices The brown waves Down came came down! the brown waves! The door opened and Mr. Smith, our The door opened and in came Mr. Smith, headmaster came in. our headmaster.

注、1.当代词做句子的主语时,句子不能倒装。 Away they went. Back they fought. Here he comes. Up it flew. 注: 2.地点状语提前,为了保持句子平衡且 谓语是be , stand, sit , lie 等动词时。句子也常要 构成完全倒装结构的句子。 A big steel factory the city . South of the city lies liessouth a bigof steel factory.

The frightened came from the sound. valley. From the valley sound came the frightened
A small satfarmhouse in front of sat the a farmhouse . In frontboy of the small boy.
A picture of a horse was on every piece . On every piece of paper was a picture ofof a paper horse.

3. 在there, here 引导的句子中,谓语动词 用come, go, follow, enter, rush, occur等。 There goes the bell. There goes the thief! Here comes your husband.
注意: 主语是人称代词时,则不需倒装。

Here he comes. Here it is.

B make 1. Only in this way _______ progress in your English. A. you B. can you C. you be able to D. will you able to 2. Only when the meeting was C over_______ go back to meet his friend. A. he could B. he was able to C. was he able to D. was able to he C the 3. Only in this afternoon _______ novel. A. I finished B. I could finish C. did I finish D. I was able to finish

二、不完全倒装

Only Only

in this way can you master English. then did we realize that the man

was blind.

Only when the war was over in 1918 was
he able to get happily back to work.

Only

by this means is it possible to explain it.

1. only +副词 \ 介词短语 \ 状语从 句位于句子开头时:

Only

{ }
副词
介词短语 状语从句

+ 倒装句

B entered the university ___ the 1. Not until ___ importance of time. A. had my son; he realized B. my son had; did he realize C. had my son; did he realize D. my son had; he realized 2. Hardly ___ C asleep when someone knocked at the door. A. she had fallen B. has she fallen C. had she fallen D. she fell C reached this conclusion than they 3. No sooner ___ agreed to it. A. have we B. did we
C. had we D. could we

2. 在No sooner…than, Hardly…when, Not… until 句型中。但从句不倒装, 主句倒装。
He did not finish his homework until the teacher came.

Not until the teacher came did he finish his homework.

No sooner had we entered the house than
it began to rain began to rain.

Hardly had we entered the house when it

3. never, hardly, seldom, little, scarcely, barely, not only, not等具有否定意义位于 句首时:

Not

a single mistake did he make.

Little did he know who the woman was.
Not only did he smoke, but also he drank. Never have I seen so many people.

4. 当句子中出现so, nor, neither 用于表示 “也”时: He has been to Beijing, so have I.
I can’t answer the question, neither can he. 注意so do I 与 so I do 的区别。 So do I 用于说明前句所说的内容同样适合于 另一个人;而so I do 则是用来肯定前句所说 的内容。

5. 在so…that 句型中,so…提到句时:
1. So carelessly did he drive that he almost killed himself.

2. So loudly did he speak that people in the next room could hear him.
3. So fast does light travel that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. 4. So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.

6. If 引导的虚拟条件句, 可省略if, 把should,

had 或 were 放在主语前.

1. Should it rain, the crops would grow better. 2. Were I your father, I would not give you the money. 3. Had it not been for the captain, the ship would have sunk.

在以上这些结构中,如果句子中只有 be 动词,而没有助动词、情态动词时, 句 子也应该构成完全倒装结构。 Not only is he a singer, but he also is a dancer.

She is my teacher, so is he. So excited was he that he couldn’t say a word.

三、其他 1. as 和 though引导的让步状语从句中:
a. adj. + as + s. + v., S .+ V.

Proud as these nobles are, he is afraid to see me.
b. adv. + as + s. + v., S. + V. Hard as they tried, they could not find the necklace.

c. n. + as + s. + v., S. + V.
Child as he was, he had to make a living. 注: 名词前不能加任何冠词 d. v. + as + s. + 助动词, S. + V.

Try as he would , he might fail again.
注:在倒装句中,助动词仍出现在主语后是 很少见的。

2. however / no matter how 等引导的让步 状语从句中,常将从句中的形容词.副词提到句 首,紧跟在however 之后,但从句的主谓语序不 倒装. However difficult computer science is, I will try my best to master it.

7、在以often, well, many a time, now and again 等方式或频度副词(短语) 开头的句子中,要用部分倒装结构。如:
Many a time has John given me good advice. Often have we made that test. Always did the soldier go to help the villagers. Often did we warn them not to do so. Well do I remember the day I saw a wild tiger. Many a time did he go swimming in the river.

注:such和be连用作表语时,也常用 倒装语序,如: Such was the result. Such were her words. Such was the story he told. Such was the story he told me.

8. “分词( 代词 ) + be + 主语”结构。如:
1. Our teacher was walking at the head of the line. Walking at the head of the line was our teacher.

2. A group of young men are seated on the ground playing cards.
Seated on the ground are a group of young men playing cards. 3. A boy aged about seventeen was lying on the floor. Lying on the floor was a boy aged about seventeen

1.I finally got the job I dreamed about. D so happy. Never in all my life ____ A. did I felt B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt 2. Little ____ B about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself. A. does he care B. did he care C. he cares D. he cared 3. At the gate ___ a soldier__ uniform. D A. lying ; in B. lain ; worn C. laid ; dressing D. lay ; in

4. So ____ C that no fish can live in it. A. the lake is shallow B. shallow the lake is C. shallow is the lake D. is the lake shallow 5. Hardly ____ into the office __ the telephone D rang. A. does he go; than B. did he go; when C. has he gone; when D. had he gone; when 6. Only when ____ B over ____ to his hometown. A. was the war ; did the young soldier return B. the war was ; did the young soldier return C. was the war ; the young soldier returned D. the war was ; returned the young soldier


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