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2015届高考英语二轮复习提能专训 语法14 专题十四 情景交际


提能专训(十四)
Ⅰ.选择填空(情景交际) 1.—How far can you run without stopping? —________. I've never tried.(Don't mention it, That's all right, I have no idea, Go ahead) 答案:I have no idea 解析:考查情景交际。句意:——你不停

地跑,能跑多远?——我不知道。我从未试过。通过对话中的关键信 息“I've never tried.”可知答话者并不知道自己能跑多远,I have no idea“我不知道”符合句意。 2.—Thanks a lot for your book. I found it very interesting. -________. I'm glad you enjoyed it.(All the best, It is nothing, No thanks, Very well) 答案:It is nothing 解析:考查情景交际。句意:——非常感

谢你的书,我觉得它非常有趣。——不用谢,你喜欢它我非常高兴。 根据句意,答语的前句应选择一个用来回答表示“感谢”的客套语句。 “All the best”为祝酒或送行时的用语, 意思是“万事吉利, 一路平安”; “No thanks”为中国式英语, 不符合英语的语言表达习惯; “Very well” 意为“很好”,与上下文的场合、文意不符;“It is nothing”意为“这没 什么,不用谢”,符合上下文语境。 3.—I feel so nervous about the National English Speech Competition tomorrow. —________.(I really envy you, Glad to hear that, Sounds great, Take it easy) 答案:Take it easy 解析:考查交际用语。对话上句句意:对于

明天的全国英语演讲比赛我感到非常紧张。四个短语的意思分别是: I really envy you“我真羡慕你”;Glad to hear that“听到这件事很高
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兴”;Sounds great“听起来不错”;Take it easy“别紧张”。由题中的关 键信息 nervous 可知 Take it easy 正确。 4.—Why, this is nothing but common vegetable soup! —________, madam. It's our soup of the day.(So it is, Let me see, Don't mention it, Neither do I) 答案: So it is 解析: 考查情景交际。 So it is“的确如此”; Let me

see“让我看看/想想”; Don't mention it“没关系”; Neither do I“我 也不??”。根据“嗨,这只是普通的蔬菜汤!”这句话来判断,顾 客是在抱怨, 而答语是服务员对顾客的话做了“确认”回答, “确实 如此,这就是我们今天的汤”。根据对话的内容,该题只有 So it is 才符合上下文的语境。 5.—This is your order, a hamburger and an apple pie. ________? —I'll have it here.(Anything else, Is that OK, For here or to go, Something to drink) 答案:For here or to go 解析:考查情景交际。句意:——这

是您点的: 一个汉堡包和一个苹果派。 您是在这里吃还是带走?—— 我就在这里吃。 根据答语 I'll have it here.可知应用 For here or to go。 6.—Mary's been offered a job in a university, but she doesn't want to take it. —________? It's a very good chance.(Guess what, So what, Who cares, But why) 答案:But why 解析:考查情景交际。句意:——有人给玛丽 提供了一份在一所大学里的工作, 但是她不想接受。 ——但是为什么 呢?这是一个非常好的机会。 根据“It's a very good chance.”可知第二 个人不明白为什么“she doesn't want to take it”, 所以用 But why。 But
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why 意为“但是为什么呢”。Guess what 意为“你猜怎么着”;So what 意为“那又怎样”;Who cares 意为“谁在意呢”,均不符合 语境。 7.—Forgotten something? I can keep an eye on your kids if you want to go and get it. —________ Thank you all the same.(It's very kind of you./Oh, how careless of me!/I might as well go and get it./Well, I can do without it.) 答案:Well, I can do without it. 解析:上一句的意思是:忘了

什么东西了吗?如果你想去拿它的话, 我可以帮你照看一下孩子。 通 过下一句空格后的答语“仍然要谢谢你”可知,空格处作了否定回答。 It's very kind of you 意为“你真是太好了。”;Oh, how careless of me 意为“哦,我是多么粗心呀!”;I might as well go and get it 意为“我 最好还是去拿吧。 ”; Well, I can do without it 意为“哦, 我不拿也行。 ”。 do without 表示“没有……也行”,Well, I can do without it.用在空格 处符合前后句的逻辑关系。 8.(2014· 陕西高三教学质量检测)—Worn out, I am taking three days off. —________. Relax yourself.(Never mind, Don't mention it, Good idea, Sorry) 答案:Good idea 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——我累坏了, 要休三天假。——好主意。好好放松一下。从“Relax yourself.”可知, 答话人同意对方的想法,因此用 Good idea,表示“好主意”。Never mind“没关系,不要紧”;Don't mention it“不客气”;Sorry“对不起”。 9.(2014· 沈阳高三教学质量检测 )—Would you like to go for a walk after supper?
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—________.(No, I don't like/Why not/Yes, go ahead/My pleasure) 答案:Why not 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——你晚饭后想 出去散步吗?——为什么不呢?根据句意可知,应用 Why not? Why not“为什么不呢”。 10. (2014· 山东潍坊高三联考)—I failed my exam again! —________ It isn't the end of the world.(Pardon me?/Good luck!/What for?/Come on!) 答案:Come on! 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——我考试又 没及格! ——振作起来!又不是世界末日。 Pardon me“请再说一 遍”;Good luck“祝你好运”;What for“为什么”;Come on“振 作起来”。此处表示鼓励,故用 Come on。 11.—I've got the job I've been looking forward to. —________ ! (Wish you success, Good luck, Sounds great, Congratulations) 答案:Congratulations 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——我得

到 了 我 一 直 期 盼 的 那 份 工 作 。 —— 祝 贺 你 ! 根 据 句 意 可 知 , 用 Congratulations 表示祝贺。Wish you success“祝你成功”;Good luck“祝你好运”;Sounds great“听起来很好”,一般用来表示对 某个主意、想法的赞同。 12.—Do you think Jim can manage it by himself?,—________. He is expert at dealing with such a matter.(Take care, I'm not sure, Don't worry, Don't mention it) 答案:Don't worry 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——你认为

Jim 可以独自做这件事吗?——别担心。他处理那样的事情很在行。 根据空格后的内容可知,应用 Don't worry,表示“别担心”。
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13.—Daddy, how do you like it if I buy a wallet for my mom's birthday? —________.(Don't bother, That all depends, It couldn't be better, It's a good deal) 答案:It couldn't be better 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——

爸爸, 如果我为妈妈的生日买一个钱包, 你觉得怎么样?——那再好 不过了。Don't bother“不用麻烦了”;That all depends“视情况而 定”;It's a good deal“这是一个划算的交易”。 14.(2014· 郑州高中毕业班质量预测)—May I try on this green skirt? —________, but I'm afraid the color is not quite suitable for you.(By all means, Never mind, My pleasure, Forget it) 答案:By all means 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——我能试 穿一下这件绿色的裙子吗?——当然可以, 不过恐怕这个颜色不太适 合你。 根据空后答语可知, 这里表示说话人同意对方的请求, 用 By all means ,表示 “ 当然可以 ” 。 Never mind 表示 “ 没关系 ” ; My pleasure 表示“不客气”;Forget it 表示“算了吧”。 15.(2014· 重庆高三联考 )—I'm not good at playing cards, you know. —________! It's just for fun.(What a surprise, Come on, Don't say so, Cheer up) 答案:Come on 解析:考查交际用语。句意:——你知道的, 我不擅长打扑克牌。——来吧!只是玩玩而已。从答语看,本空应该 填表示鼓励的话语,因此用 Come on,表示“来吧”。 Ⅱ.阅读理解(社会文化类+议论说理类+史地人文类) A
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Just like children, baby animals spend countless hours at play. After studying animal play for many years, scientists recognize that young animal play is practice for adult behavior. Today this play is roughly divided into the following groups. Locomotor play refers to the movements animals carry out in their play. Running, leaping, turning, and kicking are some of the most common examples of locomotor play. An adult deer may run, leap, and twist(曲折前进) to escape its attackers. Play movements like these surely make young animals nimble. Someday these skills might help save their lives. Moving forward slowly, attacking suddenly, and biting are examples of predatory play that help young predators (食肉动物) prepare for a life of running after and taking hold of other animals. Wild cats, wolves, and bears are predators. It is very common to see these young animals play this kind of game, which sharpens their skills and teaches them about their strengths and limitations. For children, playing with toys is both fun and educational. It helps improve their hand and eye movements as well as develop hand skills to accomplish tasks. It is the same with animals. Young chimpanzees improve their hand skills while playing with sticks. Birds also play with things in ways that teach. Swallows drop and recover feathers in midair Diving suddenly to catch the feathers is good practice for catching flying insects. Social play helps animals learn how to behave when they run into other animals. And it teaches animals about communication. An animal gives signals to let another animal know it wants to play. Many animals give signals by showing a “play face”. In some ways this face is like a human smile; the animal holds its mouth in a

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relaxed and open manner. During play-fights, some animals may step backwards to signal that they are playing and not acting seriously. Until now, scientists have understood playful acts help prepare animals for their serious adult situations. But the numbers of playful species and examples of animal play are vast. The purpose of animal play may have meanings scientists have not discovered yet. 1. The main purpose of the text is to ________. A. ask us to take good care of wild animals B. encourage us to learn more about animals C. entertain us with interesting animal stories D. show us something about animal behavior 2. The underlined word “nimble” in Paragraph 2 can best be replaced by “________”. A. cruel C. curious B. swift D. strong

3. Which of the following belongs to predatory play? A. A deer runs, leaps, and turns. B. A chimpanzee plays with a stick. C. A lion moves slowly and makes an attack suddenly. D. A dog holds its mouth in a relaxed and open manner. 4. Based on Paragraph 5, a “play face” is ________. A. a type of signal between animals B. a name for a kind of animal play C. an activity that involves adult animals D. an action that is taught to another animal 5. Which of the following shows the structure of the text?

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答案: 【语篇解读】 本文是说明文。 文章主要介绍了四种动物游戏方 式:运动游戏、捕食游戏、目标游戏和社交游戏。 1. D 解析:写作目的题。纵览全文可知,作者在文中主要向我 们介绍了四种动物游戏方式,故选 D 项。 2. B 解析: 词义猜测题。由第二段中的 Running, leaping,

turning, and kicking 及 Someday these skills might help save their lives 可知,这些动作的练习可以使动物变得更加敏捷,故选 B 项。 3. C 解析: 细节理解题。 由第三段中的 Moving forward slowly, attacking suddenly, and biting are examples of predatory play 可知 C 项说法正确。 4. A 解析:细节理解题。由第五段中的 Many animals give

signals by showing a “play face”可知,它是动物之间相互交流的一种 信号。 5. B 解析:篇章结构题。作者在第一段中指出了动物游戏的重
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要性, 接下来四段分别介绍了四种游戏方式, 在最后一段中对全文进 行了概括并指出人类对于动物行为的研究还有待于进一步加强, 故选 B 项。 B Dear Jimmy, You ask me why our singing and speaking voices are different. It's a very good question relating to the scientific study of sound. When a person speaks, he uses a bunch of different structures inside his body: his lungs, the muscles around his lungs, his larynx (喉头) (voice box), his vocal folds (声带), and the spaces above his vocal folds. When a person sings, whether he is a professional opera singer or your little brother singing “Jingle Bells, Batman Smells”, he uses a bunch of different structures inside his body: his lungs, the muscles around his lungs, his larynx, his vocal folds, and the spaces above his vocal folds. But your singing voice does sound different from your speaking voice. One reason is that you do not use as much huge pressure when you speak as when you sing. Another reason is that you use more of the spaces above your vocal folds when you sing than when you speak. This allows more echoing (回声) and makes your singing sound more resonant (洪亮的). You may also have noticed that a strong accent, like a Southern accent or a British accent, is less noticeable to you when someone sings than when he speaks. First, remember that what you hear as an accent is just somebody saying vowel sounds differently from how you say them. In singing, the vowel sounds are longer than in speaking; this makes any differences less noticeable. Just like you, scientists are interested in the differences between
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singing and speaking voices. Scientists discovered that hearing a voice for just one second was enough to tell the difference between a singing voice and a speaking voice 95 percent of the time. And, I predict that people could tell the difference between a professional opera singer and your little brother singing “Jingle Bells” exactly 100 percent of the time ... although, much to my surprise, no scientists have actually done that experiment yet. Yours sincerely, Dr. Cy Borg 6. We can learn from the second paragraph that ________. A. the larynx is more important in singing B. singing uses the same structures as speaking C. singing involves more structures inside the body D. adults and children use different structures when singing 7. The third paragraph is mainly about ________. A. how the lung pressure is used in speaking B. how to make singing sound more resonant C. why singing and speaking voices are different D. why singing uses more spaces above the vocal folds 8. The main purpose of the text is to ________. A. encourage people to learn singing B. introduce a scientific study of sound C. tell the difference between accents D. teach people how to use the structures of the body correctly 答案: 【语篇解读】 本文是应用文。 文章主要介绍了人们说话与唱歌 的声音为何不同。 6. B 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段中的 he uses a bunch of
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different structures inside his body: his lungs, the muscles around his lungs , his larynx(voice box), his vocal folds, and the spaces above his vocal folds 可知。 7. C 解析:段落大意题。根据第三段中的首句及 One reason

和 Another reason 可知。 8. B B 项。 C (2014· 福州高中毕业班质量检测) Any day we wish; we can discipline ourselves to change it all. Any day we wish; we can open the book that will open our mind to new knowledge. Any day we wish; we can start a new activity. Any day we wish; we can start the process of life change. We can do it immediately, or next week, or next month, or next year. We can also do nothing. We can pretend rather than perform. And if the idea of having to change ourselves makes us uncomfortable, we can remain as we are. We can choose rest over labor, entertainment over education, delusion(幻想) over truth, and doubt over confidence. The choices are ours to make. But while we complain about the effect, we continue to nourish(助长) the cause. As Shakespeare uniquely observed, “The fault is not in the stars, but in ourselves.” We created our circumstances by our past choices. We have both the ability and the responsibility to make better choices beginning today. Those who are in search of the good life do not need more answers or more time to think things over to reach better conclusions. They need the truth. They need the whole truth. And they need nothing but the truth., We cannot allow our errors in judgment,
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解析:写作目的题。本文主要介绍了一个科学原理,故选

repeated every day, to lead us down the wrong path. We must keep coming back to those basics that make the biggest difference in how our life works out. And then we must make the very choices that will bring life, happiness and joy into our daily lives. And if I may be so bold to offer my last piece of advice for someone seeking and needing to make changes in their life —if you don't like how things are, change it! You're not a tree. You have the ability to totally transform every area in your life—and it all begins with your very own power of choice. 9. The first paragraph tells us that ________. A.no one wants to be disciplined B.we often need some new knowledge C.taking activities does good to our health D.we want to change all the time 10. We may conclude from the second paragraph that ________., A.whatever happens, we have to change ourselves B.people tend to nourish the cause of bad results C.whether we change or not depends on ourselves D.most choices we made are not good enough 11. From Shakespeare's words, we know ________. A.it is our duty to change for the better B.we complain a lot about our past choices C.sometimes we have to face the fate D.we should believe in ourselves in life 12. In the author's opinion, if you want a good life, what you need most is ________. A.self confidence B.good choices

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C. strong wills 答案:

D.the truth

【语篇解读】 本文是一篇议论文。众所周知,我们现在的生活 是我们不断自我选择的结果, 那么想改变吗?行动起来吧, 从今天的 选择开始! 9.D 解析:段落大意题。难度中等。根据第一段的排比句“Any day we wish”和本段的核心词汇“change”可知,每天我们都想改变。 故选 D。 10.C 解析:推理判断题。难度中等。文章第三段第一句

Shakespeare 所 说 的 话 “The fault is not in the stars , but in ourselves.”在文章中起到承上启下的过渡作用,由此可推知,第二 段主要讲是否要改变取决于我们自身。故选 C。 11.A 解析:推理判断题。难度中等。根据文章第三段最后一句 “We have both the ability and the responsibility to make better choices beginning today.”可推知, 我们有能力也有责任向更好的方向 发展。故选 A。 12.B 解析:推理判断题。难度中等。根据文章倒数第三段最后 一句“And then we must make the very choices that will bring life, happiness and joy into our daily lives.”以及最后一段“You have the ability...your very own power of choice.”可推知,想要生活好,那么 就要做出好的选择。故选 B。 Ⅲ.短文改错 Hangzhou is one of the most famous tourist city in China, not famous for its natural beauty, but also famous for its history. There are so much tourist attractions in this city like the West Lake, the Temple of General Yuefei and Lingyin Temple. You can't go to
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Hangzhou without visit these places. Hangzhou is also famous for its silk or tea products. You can go to the Hangzhou Silk City to buy silk articles. And you can either go to the National Tea Museum to have some Chinese tea. The best season to visit Hangzhou is spring, because of it's warm and sunny during that time. The trees are coming up and the flowers are blooming. Every spring, many people went to Hangzhou to go boating on the West Lake. What I wish to visit that beautiful city. 答案: Hangzhou is one of the most famous tourist city in China,
cities

not ∧ famous for its natural beauty, but also famous for its history.
only

There are so much tourist attractions in this city like the West Lake,
many

the Temple of General Yuefei and Lingyin Temple. You can't go to Hangzhou without visit these places. Hangzhou is also famous for
visiting

its silk or tea products. You can go to the Hangzhou Silk City to buy
and

silk articles. And you can either go to the National Tea Museum to
also

have some Chinese tea. The best season to visit Hangzhou is spring, because \ of it's warm and sunny during that time. The trees are coming up and the flowers are blooming. Every spring, many people
out

went to Hangzhou to go boating on the West Lake. What I wish to
go How

visit that beautiful city.

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