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广东省深圳市南山区2012-2013学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题


广东省深圳市南山区 2012-2013 学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题
注意事项:
1、本试卷共三大部分,满分 135 分。 2、答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的学校、姓名、班级、考 号填写在答题卡上。 3、非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定 区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不 准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4、考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。
[来源:学科网]

I. 语言知识及应用(共三节,满分 60 分)
第一节:选择填空(共 15 分) 从下面每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项选出最佳选项,在答题卡选择题答题区将相应 的字母编号涂黑。(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分) 例: It is generally considered unwise to give a child __________ he or she wants. A. however 答案是 B。 B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

1. People, especially teens, think it __________ great fun to surf on __________ In ternet. A. a; the B. a; / C. /; the D. /;/

2. Mo Yan, __________ won the 2012 Nobel Prize for literature, has received worldwide praise. A. which B. whose C. what D. who

3. We should do whatever we can __________ them. A. help B. helping C. helped D. to help

4. They found a dog __________by its owner wandering around the bus stop every day. A. abandons C. to abandon B. abandoning D. abandoned

5. Jane was dressed in red __________ Joe was dressed in blue. A. however B. when C. while D. as 6. —What did the teacher say just now? —Sorry. I didn?t catch it. I __________ something else. A. think about C. was thinking about B. will think about D. thought about
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7. Jane __________ this Sunday. Let?s go and say goodbye to her. A. would leave B. was left C. has left D. is leaving

8. Practice _________ every day, and you'll develop a good language sense. A. to read — __________. A. It?s your opinion C. It?s up to you B. read C. reading D. being read 9. — Shall w e go to the art exhibition right away?
[来源:学#科#网]

B. I don?t mind D. That?s your decision

10. — Which of these two e-dictionaries do you like better? — __________. They are expensive and of little use. A. None B. Both C. Neither D. All

11. The dog, if trained __________, will be made a good watch-dog one day. A. properly B. hopefully C. personally D. usually

12. Do you have enough to __________ all your daily expenses? A. spend B. cover C. fill D. offer

13. Could you tell me__________, please? A. where is the bus station C. where the bus station is B. the bus stati on is where D. where was the bus station

14. All the tourists __________ about the bad service in that restaurant. A. complained B. expressed C. promoted D. explained 15. I __________ for my friend Jennifer for a long time but she still hasn?t turned up yet. A. have been waiting B. am waiting C. had been waiting D. waited

第二节:完形填空(30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16—30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 选项中,选 出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分) A woman came out of her house and saw three old men sitting in her front yard. She said, “I don?t think I know you, but you must be 16__________. Please come in and have something to eat.”
[来源:学|科|网 Z|X|X|K]

“Is the man of the house home?” they asked. “No”, she replied, “He?s out.” “Then we cannot come in,” they replied. In the evening when her 17__________ came home, she told him 18__________ had happened. “Go tell them I am home and invite them in!” The woman went out and invited the men in. “We do not go into a 19__________ together,” they replied. “Why is that?” she asked. One of the old men gave an 20__________ that their names were Wealth, 21__________ and Love. Then he added, “Now go in and 22__________ with your husband which one of us you want in your home.” The woman went in and told her husband what was said. Her husband was 23__________ and he suggested inviting Wealth to fill their home with money, talking and laughing. “With riches, we buy new houses, expensive furniture, and col orful clothing. We will look much better in the eyes of both ourselves and our neighbors.” he said. And his wife wanted to invite Health; but their daughter-in-law 24__________ they should invite Love so that their home would be full of warmth. “With that, we will feel much better in our family and our neighborhood as well. That?s of more importance.” she argued. 25__________ the husband said to his wife. “Go out and invite Love to be our guest.” The woman 26__________ and asked the three old men, “Which one of you is Love? Please come in and be our guest.” Love 27__________ and started walking toward the house. The other two also got up and 28__________ him. Surprised, the lady asked Wealth and Health: “I only invited Love, Why are you coming in?” The old men replied 29__________: “If you had invited Wealth or Health, the other two of us would have stayed out, but since you invited Love, wherever he goes, we go with him. Wherever there is Love, there is 30__________ Wealth and Health!” 16. A. frightened 17. A. friend 18. A. when 19. A. house 20. A. agreement 21. A. Success 22. A. discuss 23. A. selfish 24. A. informed 25. At the beginning. B. starving B. adolescent B. where B. dinner B. approval B. Cash B. defend B. overjoyed B. suggested B. Somehow C. upset C. husband C. why C. cinema C. argument C. Health C. exchange C. upset C. worried C. As a matter of fact D. confused D. daughter-in-law D. what D. theatre D. explanation D. Recovery D. challenge D. energetic D. included D. At last

26. A. went out 27. A. stayed up 28. A. stopped 29. A. together 30. A. still

B. came in B. got up B. watched B. properly B. even

C. stayed out C. mixed up C. followed C. altogether C. yet

D. went in D. looked up D. heard D. hard D. also

第三节:语法填空(15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法和上下文连贯的要求,在空格中填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷上标号为 31—40 的相应位 置上。(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分) I have performed many acts of kindness (善举) in the past, but 31____________ (recent) I became the receiver! One day, while 32____________ (walk) down the street with my dogs, I noticed a young girl 33____________ a small handful of flowers walking towards me. She approached me and asked about my Chihuahuas (吉娃娃犬). We 34____________ (chat) for a while. Then, she asked 35____________ she could give me a flower. It was 36____________ small gesture (姿态), but it made my day so much 37____________ (bright). Small gestures can often have big results! She seemed so at peace with herself. Her calm energy flowed to me 38____________ I felt good all day. 39____________ is so great to know that 40__________ (kind) can happen at any age.

II. 阅读(满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分) A Mr. Black gave his wife money every Friday evening, but she always spent it before the next Wednesday. For the next three days she had none. Every Tuesday evening Mr. Black asked her, “But what did you spend all that money on?” and she always answered, “I don?t know.”

One Friday Mr. Black brought home an exercise book and a pencil and gave them to his wife along with the money. “Now look!” he said to her. “When you get money from me, write it down on this page, and on the next page write down what happens to the money.” When Mr. Black came home the next Tuesday, his wife came to him and showed him the book. “I have done what you told me,” she said happily. On the first page she had written “Friday, 28th June. I got ?18 from John,” and on the next page, “Tuesday, 2nd July. I have spent it all.” 41. Mrs. Black ____________ how she had spent the money. A. wanted to know C. had no idea B. knew quite well D. often asked herself

42. By ____________ evening there was no more money left for Mrs. Black. A. Tuesday B. Wednesday C. Thursday D. Friday

43. Mr Black told his wife to write down on the next page ____________. A. when she spent the money C. why she spent so much money B. where she spent the money D. what she bought with the money

44. Mrs. Black began to write down how much her husband had given her____________. A. At the beginning of July C. On Friday evening 45. In the end, Mr. Black was sure ____________. A. that his wife had a habit of saving money B. that most of the money had been spent on food C. about how the money had been spent D. that his wife spent her money without much care or thought B. By the end of June D. Every weekend

B It is natural that young people are often uncomfortable (不自在) when they are with their parents. They say that their parents don't understand them. They often think that their parents are out of touch with modern ways; that they are too serious and too strict with their children; and that they se ldom give their children a free hand. It is true that parents often find it difficult to win their children's trust and they tend to forget how they themselves felt when young.

For example, young people like to act on the spot without much thinking. It is one of their ways to show that they have grown up and they can face any difficult situation. Older people worry more easily. Most of them plan things ahead, at least in the back of their minds, and do not like their plans to be upset (扰乱) by something unexpected. When you want your parents to let you do something, you will have better success if you ask before you really start doing it. Young people often make their parents angry with their choices in clothes, in entertainment and in music. But they do not mean to cause any trouble; it is just that they feel cut off from the older people's world, into which they have not yet been accepted. That's why young people want to make a new culture (文化) of their own. And if their parents do not like their music or entertainment or clothes or their way of speech, this will make the young people extremely happy. Sometimes you are so proud of yourself that you do not want your parents to say “yes” to what you do. All you want is to be left alone and do what you like. It is natural enough after being a child for so many years, when you were completely under your parents' control. If you plan to control your life, you?d better win your parents over and try to get them to understand you. If your parents see that you have a high sense of responsibility (责任), they will certainly give you the right to do what you want to do. 46. ____________ are to blame (受到责备) for the quarrels between parents and their children, according to this article. A. Parents C. Neither parents nor their children 47. This article is particularly written for ____________. A. parents C. young people B. both parents and their children D. teachers B. Youn g people D. Both parents and their children

48. According to the text, young people tend to ____________. A. ask for advice before they really start to do anything B. do things without thinking carefully ahead C. be very strict with themselves D. think in the same way as their parents do
[来源:学科网]

49. Older people tend to ____________ . A. remember how they themselves felt when they were young B. act on the spot without thinking very carefully C. plan things before they act D. ask for advice from others 50. If a young man plans to control his own life, it's better for him to ____________. A. do everything according to his own wish B. do everything the way his parents do C. do everything under his parents' control D. do everything with a high sense of responsibility

C Frank W. Woolworth was born in Rodman, New York, in 1852. His family was very poor farmers, and there was never enough to eat. Frank decided he did not want to be a farmer. He took a short business course, and went to work as a salesman in a large city. Woolworth realized he had a natural skill for displaying goods to arouse people?s interest, but he soon learned something more important. One day his boss told him to sell some odds and ends (小商品) for as much as he could get. Frank put all these things on one table with a sign which said: FIVE CENTS EACH. People fought and pushed to buy the things and the table was soon cleared. Soon afterwards, Woolworth opened his own store, selling goods at five and ten cents. But he had another lesson to learn before he became successful. That is, if you want to make money by selling low-price goods, you have to buy them in large quantities directly from the factories. Once, for example, Woolworth went to Germany and placed an order for knives. The order was so large that the factory had to keep running 24 hours a day for a whole year. In this way, the price of the knives was cut down by half. By 1919, Woolworth had over 1,000 stores in the USA and Canada, and opened his first store in London. He made many millions and his name became famous throughout the world. He always ran his business according to strict rules, of which the most important was: "THE CUSTOMER (顾客) IS ALWAYS RIGHT."

51. Frank took a short business course in order to ____________. A. earn more money for his family C. get away from the farm B. learn something from a salesman D. get enough to eat

52. Frank sold the odds and ends quickly because ____________. A. he knew how to get people to buy his goods B. he cut down the price by half C. he had spread the goods on a table in a very nice way D. the sign he put on the table was well designed 53. The price of the knives was cut down by half because ____________. A. the factory workers worked 24 hours a day B. knives were ordered in large quantities directly from the factory C. the knives were made in Germany, where labor was cheap D. the knives were produced in one factory 54. ____________ made Woolworth a world-famous man. A. His business skills and his wealth B. The low price of the goods he sold C. His trip to Germany and his huge order of knives D. His natural skill for displaying things 55. The belief that “The customer is always right” suggests that ____________. A. Whenever there is a quarrel between the customer and shop assistant, the customer is always right B. shop assistants should always show respect for and be polite to their customers during business hours C. stores must always follow the customer's wishes if they want to make more money D. stores should do their best to meet the customer's needs if they want to be successful

D The most frightening words in the English language are, “Our computer is down.” You hear it more and more when you are on business. The other day I was at the airport waiting for a ticket to Washington and the girl in the ticket office said, “I?m sorry, I can?t sell you a ticket. Our computer is down.” “If your computer is down, just write me out a ticket.”

“I can?t write you out a ticket. The computer is the only one allowed to do so.” I looked down on the computer and every passenger was just standing there drinking coffee and staring at the black screen. Then I asked her, “What do all you people do?” “We give the computer the information a bout your trip, and then it tells us whether you can fly with us or not.” “So when it goes down, you go down with it.” “That?s good, sir.” “How long will the computer be down?” I wanted to know. “I have no idea. Sometimes it?s down for 10 minutes, sometimes for two hours. There?s no way we can find out without asking the computer, and since it?s down it won?t answer us.” After the girl told me they had no backup (备用) computer, I said. “Let?s forget the computer. What about your planes? They?re still flying, aren?t they?” “I couldn?t tell without asking the computer.” “Maybe I could just go to the gate and ask the pilot if he?s flying to Washington,” I suggested. “I wouldn?t know what gate to send you to. Even if the pilot was going to Washington, he couldn?t take you if you didn?t have a ticket.” “Is there any other airline flying to Washington within the next few hours?” “I wouldn?t know,” she said, pointing at the dark screen. “Only ?IT? knows. ?It? can?t tell me.” By this time there were quite a few people standing in lines. The word soon spread to other travelers that the computer was down. Some people went white, some people started to cry and still others kicked their luggage.

56. The best title for the article is ____________. A. When the Computer Is Down C. The Computer of the Airport B. The Most Frightening Words D. Asking the Computer

57. What could the girl in the ticket office do for the passengers without asking the computer? A. She could sell a ticket. B. She could write out a ticket. C. She could answer the passengers? questions. D. She could do nothing.

58. Why didn?t they have a backup computer? A. Because it was easy down B. It isn?t mentioned. C. Because it was not advanced enough. D. Because it was not as big as the main computer. 59. The last paragraph suggests that ____________. A. a modern computer won?t be down B. computers can take the place of humans C. sometimes a computer may bring suffering to people D. there will be great changes in computers 60. What's the purpose of the author?s writing this story? A. To state that nowadays people are too dependent on computers. B. To blame the girl in the ticket office. C. To inform passengers of the news. D. To describe how the ai rport staff work.

III. 写作(共三节,满分 35 分)
第一节:根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。 (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 61. In his spare time, he attends____________ (variety) outdoor activities which does a lot of good to his health both mentally and physically. 62. There are many ____________ (amaze) characters in this movie. 63. Jack spent his whole holiday ____________ (sit) in front of his computer. 64. Peter enjoys travelling and living a ____________ (colour) life. 65. Senior high students should develop an ability of ____________ (depend) thinking. 66. The scenery in Jiuzhaigou is ____________ (attract) to the tourists from all over the world. 67. ____________ (belief) it or not, that's the way it is. 68. I know him, but we don?t ____________ (frequent) see each other. 69. Their funny performance made the audience ____________ (excite). 70. With our teacher?s ____________ (encourage), we become more confident.

第二节:根据中文完成句子。(共 10 小题,每空 0.5 分,满分 10 分) 71. 我尽力让他先集中精力处理这件事情,但是没有成功。 I tried to help him focus on this issue first, but __________ __________. 72. 你能区分英式英语和美式英语吗? Can you tell the __________ __________ British English and American English? 73. 神舟九号飞船在太空总共遨游了 13 天。 __________ __________ the Shenzhou-9 spacecraft travelled in space for 13 days. 74. 一学年有(分成)两个学期。 The school year is __________ __________ two semesters. 75. 他的讲座如此精彩,没有人会因为沉闷而睡着的。 His speech is so wonderful that no one will __________ __________ because of boredom. 76. 他英年早逝,终年 56 岁。 He died young __________ the __________ of 56. 77. 我们的老师总是确保在她的课上,我们都能跟上她的进度。 Our teacher always __________ __________ that we can follow her in her class. 78. WWW 是 World Wide Web 的缩写。 WWW is __________ __________ the World Wide Web.

79. 昨天晚上,有个小偷闯进了一户人家,但最终被抓起来了。 Last night, a thief __________ __________ a house but was caught at last. 80. 大气中含有 70%以上的氮气. The atmosphere __________ __________ more than 70 % of nitrogen.

第三节:基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 【写作内容】 高一新生或多或少都会经历所谓“成长的烦恼”。如,高中学习难度的增加使得学生 的压力增大;新同学之间的不了解导致小误会时而发生;部分同学由于肥胖而感到自卑; 不少同学因为琐事与父母或朋友发生冲突。种种这些都让青少年对于高中生活感到沮丧和 困惑。

针对这一现象,校刊编辑部发起了以“成长的烦恼”为话题的征文活动,请你给高一的 同学写一封信。就上面划线的两个方面谈谈你的看法,同时提出适当的建议来帮助高一的 学生树立正确的态度。 【写作要求】 1. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 2. 词数 100 左右。 Dear freshmen, At this moment, we are going through the “growing pains”, and some of us feel really confused and frustrated about our high school life. In my opinion,

Best wishes Yours Sincerely

med of our figure. We are in the process of growing up, so it is natural for us to experience some body changes. What really matters is that we should keep a balanced diet. Besides, the reason


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