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高考英语完形填空专项训练(含答案)


高考英语完形填空解题思路与训练

一、高考英语完形填空命题与解题思路 完形填空题是高考英语卷中的重要题型,不仅侧重于考查学生的逻辑思维能力和对具 体语境把握能力,更是对学生整体语篇意义理解的连贯性和运用语言的准确性考查。它属 于有一定难度的障碍性阅读理解题,是学生感到最难把握的题型之一。 分析近几年高考题,完形填空所选短文的体裁多为记叙文、说明文和议论文。写人或 记事,兼有个别议论的句子。趣味性强并兼有教育意义。一般为 400 单词左右的一篇短文, 其内容逻辑性强,文章结构严谨,层次分明。文章首句不设空,但交待相关的背景材料, 可挖掘的信息点很多,对整篇文章的理解起着至关重要的作用。 近几年试题中尤为注重说明文和议论文。 说明文命题趋势:说明型完形填空选材难度一般低于试卷中的阅读理解大题。在设空 与选项设计方面充分体现了语言知识运用题的要求:以实词为主(名、动、形、副) ,绝大 多数小题都要从全文角度进行判断。这一命题思路体现了―语篇意识‖。 议论文命题趋势:议论文是一种通过剖析事物,论述事理,提出主张,发表见解的文 体。议论型完形填空分为两种,一种是夹叙夹议型完形填空;另一种是纯议论型完形填空。 第一种的基本模式是:叙述事件,提出感悟,作出结论。第二种的基本模式是:提出论点, 列举论据,提出看法。 那么如何做好完形填空呢?

解题思路一:通读全文,了解大意,先易后难。 通常在答题之前, 要花 1—2 分钟把文章略读一遍,以便对文章有个大概的了解。在详读 的过程中,可以边读边选择一些容易的选项, 对个别不理解的单词、短语,可以先不管它们。 等读完文章后, 大部分的空格已填完, 全文的意思基本已掌握, 剩下的难题也就比较容易解决 了。

解题思路二:依据首句线索,紧扣主题选择。 首句通常是文章的主题句,通常不设空,便于考生对短文主题、内容或背景有个大 概了解。它的目的是向考生提供时间、地点、人物、事件、论点等有用的信息。把握了主
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题句, 对于理解全文和解题很有帮助。 例: On a hot summer day in last August, I sought shade and a cool drink at a waterfront café on a Greek island. Over a hundred degrees in ______ air. A. fresh B. cool C. still D. thin

解析: C。 故事发生在一个炎热的夏天, 温度高, 自然没风。 still 在此处为形容词, 意思是 ―静止的, 不动的‖, 即没风。

解题思路三:瞻前顾后, 谨慎选择。 有些选择项根据上下句就能比较容易地做出正确判断, 有些则必须根据整篇文章的大意 才能推出。通过上下文, 寻找隐含的各种信息和紧抓语境暗示是解答完形填空题的主要手段 和策略。 例: The man stepped ___1___ for the two chairs. He politely ___2___ his lady in the knee deep water and then sat down himself. 1. A. outside 2. A. led B. forward B. seated C. down C. watched D. back D. received

解析: 1. D。根据上下文, 不难看出, 那两口子搬完桌子后, 又回来搬椅子, 即: step back for sth. 2. B。 本空后有宾语 his lady , 根据后半句 ―and then sat down himself‖, 答案应为 seated his lady ―让他夫人就坐‖。

解题思路四:借助语法知识, 选择正确的答案。 例 1:When Ed first phoned and ______ we play, I laughed quietly … A. declared B. mentioned C. persuaded D. suggested

解析:D。 根据学过的语法知识,我们知道主句的谓语动词表示建议的意思时, 宾语从句 的谓语要用虚拟语气,即用―( should )+ 动词原形‖。题干句中―play‖的形式是关键信息。 例 2:Finally Peter decided to go to the USA and,as his father had told him,______ to be a doctor. A. studies B. studying C. study D. studied

解析:C。分析句子结构可知,空白处与前面的动词 go 为并列动词不定式,均作谓语 decided 的宾语,故选 C。此题若忽略分析句子结构,很容易误选 D。此题的难点在于句中
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有一个插入性质的 as 引导的从句,将两个不定式分隔开了。从而造成辨认第二个动词不定 式的困难。

解题思路五:利用生活常识,文化背景。 例:One day, the girl ___1___ into the plane, started it and soon left the ___2___. 1. A. climbed B. looked 2. A. house B. floor C. reached C. water D. fell D. ground

解析:1. A。2. D。根据生活常识,这女孩应是先爬进机舱,才能起动飞机,最后使飞机 飞离地面。

解题思路六:采取排除法。 解答完形填空题的过程中,有时我们会遇到这样的情况:对某一题的正确选项的含义、 用法不甚明白,但发现其他选项有显而易见的谬误。这时我们可以尝试排除法, 剔除错误的 选项。随着选择范围的缩小, 选中正确选项的机会就会增大。 例:However, the typical teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition that it would be ___1___ to plan activities in which there are more winners than losers, ___2___, publishing newsletters with many student-written book reviews, ___3___ student artwork, and sponsoring book discussion clubs. 3. A. displaying B. describing C. creating D. exchanging

解析:A。第 3 题的解题步骤为:首先从动宾搭配上看,C 选项(创造学生艺术品)可 以排除,再从该句的上文看。上文说应该设计竞争性小的活动,所以答案应该是―展示学生 艺术作品‖。

解题思路七: 找寻固定词组、常用句型或习惯用法。 例 1:A waiter appeared. He paused for just a second , walked into the water to ______ the table and …… A. set B. wash C. remove D. check

解析:A。set the table 在饭桌上摆好刀叉等餐具准备开饭。这是一种固定说法。 例 2. With it, astronauts will acquire a workhouse vehicle ______ of flying into space and returning many times.
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A. capable

B. suitable

C. efficient

D. fit

解析:A。be capable of 是习惯搭配,意为―能够‖。

建议: 1)注意词语的搭配:动词的搭配(do 和 make 的搭配能力较强,要记牢、记熟)。 do(a job, work, shopping, cooking, reading, typing, sewing, good, wrong, damage, harm, a favor, an injury, etc.) make(a study, an appointment, arrangements, a breakthrough, a call, a comparison, contribution, a deal, a decision, a discovery, distinction, a guess, preparations, a start, a start, a survey, an attempt, an error, a profit, a fortune, a living, one‘s way, sense, point, peace, bed, coffee, a fuss, etc.) 2)形容词与名词的搭配有的具有一定的文化背景,学生要注意―貌合神离‖的词语。如: lucky dog 幸运儿、 right hand 得力助手、 narrow escape 死里逃生、 dark horse 出人意料的 获胜者 3)有些形容词可以加一个形容词修饰,表示强调,使表达更加生动。如:pitch dark(漆黑 的) 、brand new (崭新的) 、crystal clear(水晶般的) 、wide open(张得大大的) 、fast asleep(睡得很熟的) 、wide awake(完全醒着的) 、icy cold(冰冷的), etc. 4)有些形容词可以和不同的介词搭配,学生应注意比较、归纳。如:sick for 渴望、tired from 因…而疲劳、engaged in 忙于、 sick of 厌倦、tired of 对…厌倦、engaged to 与某人订 婚。

解题思路八: 利用原词复现或同现, 选择最佳选项。 1.在完形填空中, 某一词语通常重复出现, 使得语篇中的句子相互衔接和连贯, 从而构成一 个完整的意义整体。 例 1: First of all he was a window-cleaner and in his first week he managed to ______ six windows. A. rub B. drop C. break D. clean

解析:D。同源词复现,由 window-cleaner 可知为 clean the window。

2.同现指意义上相互联系的单词同时出现在同一语篇中。一个语篇,一个话题,要求有与 之相连的词汇。
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1)名词同现:与一个话题或一个名词出现在同一个语境的另一个名词。如: school---primary school—middle school—college—university students—pupils—graduates—postgraduates 2)动词同现:与一个话题或一个名词出现在同一个语境的另一个动词。如: school—teach—learn—attend—found—drop out—graduate—be dismissed 3)形容词同现; 就某一语境而言所能出现的形容词也是有规律的。如: 在学校这个语境中: (key)school—(optional)course—(compulsory)course 4) 结构同现: 结构同现批搭配之类的句型和成对出现的短语。如: some…,others; on one hand…,on the other hand; former…,latter; so…that; not only…but also; hardly/scarcely…when…; no sooner…than…; be about to do /be doing /had done /be on the point of doing/be to do/be ready to do/be on the way … when…; 例 2: I put my head in, expecting the worst. But to my surprise, the room wasn‘t empty at all. It had furniture, curtains, a TV, and even paintings on the wall. And then on the well-made bed sat Amy, my new ______, dressed neatly. A. roommate B. classmate C. neighbor D. companion

解析:A。名词同现,从 room, furniture,等同现信息可知。 例 3: We were ______ to go back for class again when the headmaster called us together and said, … A. about B. able C. sorry D. sure

解析:A。结构同现,be about to do …when… 。

解题思路九:顺应文意, 定位选词。 做题时, 要充分利用上下文, 找到有提示作用的词。这些词可以是同义词、近义词或反 义词, 也可以是并列连词或转折连词等等。 例 1: After you have learned to think of several words in English,then move on to the next step—thinking in ______. A. sentences B. passages C.1essons D. classes

解析:A。需注意上下文逻辑推理以及名词的含义。第一步是考虑单词,接下来应该 是考虑句子。故选 A。 例 2: Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very ______.
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A. deep

B. high

C. cold

D. dangerous

解析:A。根据转折连词 but 的提示,所填入的词应与 shallow 相反,因此答案为 A。 例 3: Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened __1__. As was discussed before, it was not __2__ the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant preelectronic __3__. 1. A. between 2. A. after 3. A. means B. before B. by B. method C. since C. during C. medium D. later D. until D. measure

解析:1. A. 2. D. 3. C。我们注意到文章讲了两个时间:20 世纪和 15、16 世纪,而 19 世纪显然是处在两者之间,故第 1 题填 between。第 2 题是一语法结构题,固定结构:It was not until---that---。第 3 题属于前面介绍的"信息词"题。上文中出现的:television, printing, newspaper 均说明该题应填 medium。

解题思路十:仔细推敲, 注重逻辑。 做完完形填空题后,要根据所选答案迅速地把文章完整地读一遍, 看语法、惯用法对不 对;看是否符合上下文的逻辑; 看是否符合故事情节的发展,以便更正可能的错误选择。 一个完整的语篇应该是符合逻辑的,文章逻辑关系的取得主要靠过渡词的使用。作者利用 转承语保证文章的逻辑,学生在做完形填空时应通过自己对上下文的理解,找到适当的逻 辑关系,然后选择正确的过渡词。学生必掌握常见的过渡词: 1. 递进 in addition, furthermore, again, also, besides, moreover, what‘s more, what‘s worse, to make matters worse , to make things worse , worse still 2.比较 in the same way, as with, similarly, equally, in comparison, just as 3.对照 in contrast, on the other hand, instead, however, nevertheless, unlike, on the contrary, while 4.因果 because, because of, for, since, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a result (of), so, thus

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5.强调 certainly, above all, indeed, of course, surely, actually, as a matter of fact, especially,in particular, absolutely, 6.让步 although, though, after all, in spite of 7.举例 for example, for instance, that is, namely, such as, in other words, in this case, by way of illustration. 8. 时间和空间 afterward, after, first, later, then, soon, finally, at last outside, near, beyond, above, below, on the right(left), in the middle, opposite, in front of 9. 总结 to sum up, to conclude, in a word, in short, in brief, all in all, in all, in summary 例 1: It has been many years since I was last in London ______ I still remember something that happened during that visit. A. and B. for C. but D. as

解析:C。根据句前的 many years 和句后的 still remember,答案应选表示转折的连词 but。 例 2: Getting enough vitamins is essential to life, although the body has no nutritional use for excess vitamins. Many people ______ believe in being on the "safe side" and thus take extra vitamins. A. nevertheless B. therefore C. moreover D. meanwhile

解析:A。从句意可知,尽管服用额外的维生素是没用的,但很多人还是会服用。 Nevertheless 的意思是―尽管如此,然而‖,符合句意。

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练习:

1 A Welcome Gift Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them 41 side by side at the piano. They played jazz music to celebrate their new home. The loud 42 filled the room and made them feel very happy. The next morning, 43 , their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a 44 under their door during the night. One of their neighbor had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario‘s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all 45 people and he couldn‘t imagine any of them had done that. Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their 46 and apologize for their playing. ―Maybe we could go and 47 everyone in person.‖ his mother said. ―What if we invited them to come here for a 48 instead? Dario asked. They both loved the 49 . Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared desserts 50 their guests. They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩带) and party lights.

Finally, the day of the party 51 . Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. Some even brought desserts to 52 . One woman, Mrs. Gilbert, 53 Dario‘s mother with a book of piano music by Chopin. ―I heard you playing the other night,‖ she said. ―The sounds woke me out of bed. I 54 that

you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don‘t think I disliked the playing.‖ Dario‘s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. ―I think maybe we 55 you an apology.‖ she said. ―I didn‘t 56 how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music at night. ―You play, you play!‖ Mrs. Gilbert said. ―I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.‖ She pointed to the book she had given them. ―These songs are not such 57 music.‖ ―These songs are beautiful music.‖ Dario‘s mother said. ―We will be 58 to play them in the evening.‖
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―And we won‘t play so loud or late!‖ Dario said. He was already looking forward to 59 the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother‘s face. It gave him a feeling of 60 and made him feel that they were home at last.

41. A. sat 42. A. voice 43. A. therefore 44. A. note 45. A. proud 46. A. neighbors 47. A. blame 48. A. party 49. A. experience 50. A. to 51. A. continued 52. A. order 53. A. treated 54. A. promised 55. A. give 56. A. realize 57. A. sweet 58. A. brave 59. A. changing 60. A. equality

B. stood B. ring B. however B. poster B. rich B. friends B. instruct B. concert B. idea B. with B. arrived B. sell

C. lay C. music C. otherwise C. bill C. lucky C. relatives C. question C. show C. Performance C. for C. passed C. share

D. walked D. cry D. instead D.report D. nice D. audience D. visit D. play D. action D. from D. finished D. advertise D. served D. worried D. owe D. accept D. loud D. afraid D. writing D. sympathy

B. presented C. helped B. admitted B. send B. remember B. strange B. sorry C. agreed C. offer C. understand C. funny C. happy

B. practicing C. recording B. freedom C. warmth

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2 Holly felt confused as she unwrapped the gift from her best friend, Susan. It was a twelve-byeighteen-inch dark blue carpet. The murmured ―thanks‖ was 41 heard as Holly tried hard not to

allow her 42 to show. Then the two girls headed outside to play. The next morning, I carried a full kitchen bag outside. My heart 43 as I lifted the lid of the in and

rubbish can and saw Susan‘s carpet lying on the bottom. Hesitating only a moment, I 44 picked it up, and then put it carpet was soon 46 . Before Holly‘s birthday, Susan had been a(n) suddenly realized it was nearly three weeks 47

45 in a closet. As there were a lot of things in our daily life , the

visitor in our home. But one day I

48 we‘d heard Susan‘s name last time. The singing

in the yard told me Holly had arrived home from school. ―Susan invited me to her house after school tomorrow.‖ she pleased by the invitation. A woman stood in the doorway to greet us as we mess.‖ she apologized. Susan used 52 51 the small farmhouse. ―Excuse the 49 . Although her voice carried a so-what attitude, I 50 she was

showed us her room, which was neatly decorated with little

53 . As the girls compared notes about the school day, I followed Susan‘s foster mom(养

母), Glenda , into the kitchen. 54 some cups of coffee, I came to respect this poor but generoushearted woman who had adopted the young girl and attempted to make a(n) 55 As the evening drew to Susan‘s life.

56 , we offered our thanks for the visit and said good-bye. Usually

Holly talked a lot in the car. 57 , this time she sat quietly, lost in thought. When we got home, she rushed to the rubbish can. Her head 58 as she entered the house. I went inside and 59 for the closet. ―Is this what you were looking for?‖ I placed the piece

of carpet on the table in front of her. ―Thanks, Mom.‖ A tear or two slipped from her eyes and splashed onto the dark blue carpet which, as if by present in the whole world. 60 , had become the most precious birthday

41. 42. 43. 44.

A. clearly A. embarrassment A. sank A. dug

B. hardly B. excitement B. fell B. reached
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C. nearly C. amazement C. set C. dropped

D. eventually D. disappointment D. broke D. looked

45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.

A. away A. rotten A. common A. until A. advised A. experienced A. approached A. proudly A. rubbish A. For A. influence A. around A. However A. lowered A. searched A. heart

B. off B. lost B. normal B. since B. commanded B. predicted B. passed B. anxiously B. furniture B. Beyond B. fortune B. close B. Besides B. lifted B. headed B. mistake

C. out C. forgotten C. ordinary C. before C. announced C. doubted C. left C. shyly C. luggage C. In C. difference C. near C. Therefore C. held C. looked C. magic

D. on D. covered D. regular D. when D. demanded D. sensed D. entered D. cautiously D. equipment D. Over D. meaning D. on D. Moreover D. bent D. waited D. chance

3 War started in our house in late July with a month to go before my first day of college. It was a battle of wills over what college I was to attend. Mom wanted me to attend a famous 41 school, and I wanted to go to a small writing college. Every night for two weeks, we argued, shouted and gave 42 treatments until both sides went to bed with regrets. It was mostly my 43 . Since my junior year of high school, I had 44 at being a nurse. I took all the science courses, and even worked as a 45 in my town‘s local hospital. My 46 was to help the sick and be superwoman to the world. Yet, 47 graduation and college neared, it all changed.Treating the sick was 48 , but not what I was meant to do for the 49 of my life. I could picture myself in hospitals, making rounds, and taking 50 , but I couldn‘t picture myself happy. It wasn‘t the 51 I wanted. Then, I realized I had been creating and writing stories for as long as I could 52 . I loved it, and writing was what I had been doing as a 53 . It was going to be my career. And it had to be.
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On August 1st, Mom and I sat down at the dinner table and I told her that she had every 54 to choose where to spend her money, just like I had every right to decide where I wanted to go to school. If it was her choice not to 55 any of my college education, then I would take a year off to work and earn money so I could go to the college I wanted. Standing by my decision to be a writer had 56 my firm belief to my mom. Finally we were at 57 , and she decided to support me, which 58 the world to me. Before that time, I had never stood up 59 my parents on any major decision. Choosing which college to attend 60 me to become a separate and complete adult. I am now finished with my first semester as a Professional Writing major and I cannot wait to see what comes next.

41. A. cooking 42. A. medical 43. A. fault 44. A. wondered 45. A. student 46. A. goal 47. A. before 48. A. rough 49. A. part 50. A. notices 51. A. future 52. A. see 53. A. process 54. A. chance 55. A. expect 56. A. doubted 57. A. peace 58. A. attached 59. A. for 60. A. forced

B. gardening B. warm B. success B. aimed B. volunteer B. job B. after B. noble B. whole B. examinations B. effect B. wait B. hobby B. time B. raise B. followed B. war B. applied B. against B. promised

C. nursing C. mental C. duty C. pointed C. graduate C. task C. until C. mild C. rest C. temperatures C. drill C. find C. rule C. right C. offer C. shaken C. ease C. devoted C. over C.allowed
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D. writing D. silent D. turn D. looked D. doctor D. post D. as D. easy D. half D. drugs

D. idea D. remember D. business D. ability D. finance D. proven D. play D. meant D. by D.reminded

4 At a gathering, we were all telling stories of our most embarrassing moments. It came around to Frank. Frank began to tell us of his childhood. "I 41 in San Pedro. My Dad was a fisherman, and

he loved the sea. He had his own boat, but it was 42 making a living on the sea. He worked hard and would stay out until he caught enough to 43 the family." He looked at us and said, "I 44 you could have met my Dad. He was a big man, and he was strong from pulling the nets and fighting the seas for the 45 . When you got close to him, he 46 like the ocean. He would wear his old coat and his overalls. No matter how much my mother 47 them, they would still smell of the sea and of fish." Frank's voice dropped a bit. "When the weather was bad he would 48 me to school. He had this old truck that was older than he was 49 he would drive toward the school, I would shrink down into the seat hoping to disappear. He would 50 right in front of the school gate, and it seemed like everybody 51 be standing around and watching. Then he would 52 over and give me a big kiss on the cheek and tell me to be a good boy. It was so 53 for me. I was twelve years old, and my Dad would lean over and kiss me goodbye!" He 54 and then went on, "I remember the day when I said 'No' ‖ It was the first time I had ever talked to him that 55 , and he had this surprised look on his face. I said, 'Dad, I'm too 56 for a goodbye kiss. ' My Dad looked at me for the longest time, and his eyes started to tear up. I had never seen him 57 . He turned and looked out the windshield(挡风玻璃). 'You're right,' he said. 'You are a big boy....a man. I won't kiss you anymore.'‖ Frank got a sad look on his face, and the tears began to 58 in his eyes, as he spoke. "It wasn't long after that when my Dad went to sea and never came back.‖ Tears were running down Frank‘s cheeks. He spoke again. "Guys, you don't know what I would 59 to have my Dad give me just one more kiss on the cheek....to feel his rough old face....to smell the ocean on him....to feel his arm around my neck. I wish I had been a man then. If I had been a 60 , I would never have told my Dad I was too old for a goodbye kiss."

13

41. A. kept up 42. A. hard 43. A. remove 44. A. prefer 45. A. fish 46. A. sounded 47. A. processed 48. A. drive 49. A. Before 50. A. back up 51. A. could 52. A. lean 53. A. frightening 54. A. recovered 55. A. day 56. A. old 57. A. sigh 58. A. break down 59. A. demand 60. A. boy

B. grew up B. absurd B. reach B. request B. favorite B. looked B. washed B. limit B. After B. pick up B. would B. hold B. challenging B. paused B. time B. delighted B. shout B. hold back B. give B. seaman

C. came up C. easy C. feed C. suggest C. benefit C. smelled C. handled C. adapt C. Since C. pull up C. should C. run C. embarrassing C. requested C. aspect C. anxious C. cry C. well up C. rush C. backbone

D. started up D. necessary D. urge D. wish D. glory D. felt D. managed D. devote D. As D. speed up D. might D. watch D. entertaining D. admitted D. way D. proud D. yell D. start off D. infer D. man

14

5 To celebrate the end of our exams, my friends and I went to a fast food restaurant. We 36 hamburgers and Coca Colar at the counter. When our 37 came, I started walking towards an

empty table. By bad luck, my purse strap(带子) got 38 on a chair and the tray(托盘) that I was holding slipped 39 my hands and went flying in the air. The tray, and its contents, 41 a bite of his sandwich. I stared, greatly 42 40 on a

man who was just about to soaked(浸湿) his white shirt.

, as the drinks

Then I 43 my eyes and prepared myself for his burst of 44 . Instead, he said ―It‘s OK‖ to 45 me before he disappeared into washroom. Still shaky and unsure 46 to do next, my friends and I went to a table and sat there, trying our best to look 47 . A moment later, the man came out of the washroom and 48 our table. My heart almost stopped 49 . I thought he was going to ask for my father‘s 50 and call him.

To my surprise, he merely smiled at us, handed us some cash and said, ― 51 yourself new hamburgers.‖ He then walked 52 without even finishing his food. He could have made what was already an uncomfortable situation worse, 53 he chose a

different way and gave us a reason to believe that there is still 54 in this world. I‘ll never 55 his actions. 36. A. ordered 37. A. food 38. A. fixed 39. A. by 40. A. knocked 41. A. take 42. A. discouraged 43. A. rolled 44. A. bitterness 45. A. satisfy 46. A. how 47. A. mild 48. A. pushed B. made B. turn B. caught B. in B. fell B. taste C. arranged C. bill C. cut C. from C. stood C. swallow D. demanded D. menu D. tied D. out D. hung D. chew D. annoyed

B. disappointed C. shocked B. rubbed B. anxiety B. comfort B. who B. honest B. approached C. narrowed C. anger C. encourage C. what C. calm C. drew
15

D. closed D. sorrow D. praise D. which D. modest D. laid

49. A. beating 50. A. help 51. A. Prepare 52. A. on 53. A. so 54. A. kindness 55. A. forget

B. breaking B. position B. Buy B. around B. since B. happiness B. refuse

C. sinking C. number C. Find C. up C. although

D. trembling D. job D. Cook D. away D. but D. brightness

C. politeness C. oppose D. ignore

6 Sandy Greenberg came from a poor family. He went to Columbia University on a scholarship and there he met his roommate who also was receiving financial 41 . Unfortunately, Sandy had a(n) 42 disease during his second year at Columbia University, and finally he became blind. But 43 for Sandy, something else also happened to him — his roommate would 44 his textbooks to him, every night after he lost his sight. As a result, Sandy went on to 45 with honors. He went off to study at Oxford. He was still quite poor, but he had managed to 46 about five hundred dollars as he went along. His roommate 47 went on to graduate school. One day, Sandy got a 48 from him at Oxford. His former roommate said, "Sandy, I'm really 49 . I really don't like being in graduate school, and I don't want to do this." "Well, what do you want to do? " Sandy 50 . His roommate told him, "Sandy, I really love to 51 . I have a high school friend who plays the guitar. And we would really like to 52 our hands in the music business. But we need to make a promo record, and in order to 53 that I need $500." Sandy took all his life savings without 54 and sent it to his roommate. Well, his roommate was the 55 famous singer, Art Garfunkel, and he 56 up with another musician, Paul Simon. That $500 57 them make a record that finally became The Sound of Silence. How we are able to deal with 58 in our lives will be influenced by how we deal with others 59 the way. What we get will depend a lot on what we 60 . And that's the end of the story of doing well by doing good.
16

41. A. aid 42. A. eye 43. A. finally 44. A. lend 45. A. survive 46. A. save 47. A. never

B. advice B. ear B. luckily B. offer B. research B. earn B. still B. call B. unhealthy B. answered B. sing B. wash B. do

C. crisis C. nose C. sadly C. read C. leave C. keep C. either C. card

D. pressure D. bone D. excitedly D. return D. graduate D. borrow D. also D. report D. lonely D. laughed D. travel D. clean D. earn D. expectation D. later D. let D. let D. feelings D. along D. learn

48. A. message 49. A. unhappy 50. A. suggested 51. A. work 52. A. wave 53. A. win

C. homesick C. asked C. dance C. try C. prove C. hesitation C. former C. showed C. hoped C. difficulties C. by C. like

54. A. permission B. consideration 55. A. other 56. A. teamed 57. A. saw B. present B. came B. helped

58. A. interests 59. A. across 60. A. take

B. opportunities B. in B. give

17

7 I fell in love with Yosemite National Park the first time I saw it, when I was 13. My parents took us there for camping. On the way out, I 41 them to wait while I ran up to E1 Capitan, a rock of 3,300 feet straight up. I touched that giant rock and knew 42 I wanted to climb it. That has been my life‘s passion (钟爱) ever since--- 43 the rocks and mountains of Yosemite. I‘ve long made Yosemite my 44 . About 15 years ago I started seeing a lot of 45 , like toilet paper, beer cans, and empty boxes, around the area. It‘s 46 me why visitors started respecting the place 47 and treated such a beautiful home-like place this way. I tried 48 trash(垃圾)myself, but the job was too big. I would spend an hour or two on the job, only to find the area trashed all over again weeks later. Finally, I got so tired of it that I 49 something had to change. As a rock-climbing guide, I knew 50 about organizing any big event. But in 2004, together with some climbers, I set a date for a 51 . On that day, more than 300 people 52 . Over three days we collected about 6,000 pounds of trash. It was 53 how much we were able to accomplish. I couldn‘t believe the 54 we made ---the park looked clean! Each year 55 come for the cleanup from everywhere. In 2007 alone, 2,945 people picked up 42,330 pounds of trash and 56 132 miles of roadway. I often hear people 57 about their surroundings. If you are one of them, I would say the only way to change things is by 58 rather than complaining. We need to teach by 59 . You can‘t blame others 60 you start with yourself. 41. A. advised B. required C. ordered C. gradually C. describing C. home C. material C. over C. most D. asked D. recently D. painting D. palace D. goods D. beyond D. least D. digging out D. wished

42. A. immediately B. finally 43. A. imagining 44. A. garden 45. A. waste 46. A. within 47. A. more B. climbing B. lab B. resources B. against B. less

48. A. throwing away 49. A. guessed

B. breaking down C. picking up C. decided
18

B. wondered

50. A. something 51. A. cleanup

B. anything B. party

C. everything C. picni

D. nothing

D. concert D. called back D. boring D. difference D. tourists D. designed D. quarrel D. watching D. example D. when

52. A. dropped out B. showed up 53. A. interesting B. frightening

C. looked around C. amazing C. use C. strangers C. measured C. complain C. questioning C. research C. unless

54. A. importance B. help 55. A. volunteers 56. A. crossed 57. A. talk 58. A. doing 59. A. method 60. A. although B. foreigners B. covered B. argue B. thinking B. explanation B. if

8 Years ago, I drove into a service station to get some gas. It was a beautiful day, and I was feeling great. As I walked into the station to _41_ the gas, the owner said to me, ―How do you feel?‖ That seemed like a _42_ question, but I felt fine and told him _43_ . ―You don‘t look well,‖ he replied. This _44_ me completely by surprise. A little less _45_ , I told him that I had never felt better. Without _46_ , he continued to tell me how bad I looked and that my skin appeared _47_ . By the time I left the service station, I was feeling a little _48_ . About a block away, I _49_ to the side of the road to look at my face in the mirror. How did I feel? Was I sick? Was everything all right? By the time I got home, I was beginning to feel a little ill. Did I have hepatitis (肝炎)? Had I _50_ some rare disease? The next time I went into that gas station, feeling fine again, I _51_ what had happened. The place had recently been painted a bright yellow, and the light _52_ off the walls made everyone inside look as though they had hepatitis! I wondered how many other folks had _53_ the way I did. I had let one short conversation with a total stranger change my _54_ for an entire day. He told me I looked sick, and before long, I was _55_ feeling sick. That single _56 _observation had a strong effect on the way I felt and _57_ .
19

A little while later I saw how _58_ the incident was, although on that day when the man had told me how ill I looked, I was _59_ frightened. I wonder how many other people that man had told they were ill _60_ he realized that the service station had had a paint job! 41. A. go for 42. A. strange 43. A. this 44. A. made 45. A. anxiously 46. A. doubt 47. A. pale 48. A. positive B. search for B. simple B. not B. put B. confidently B. certainty B. yellow B. relaxed C. hope for C. common C. so C. caused C. carefully C. hesitation C. brown D. pay for D. familiar D. such D. took D. seriously D. difficulty D. colorless D. uneasy

C. unconscious C. got across C. referred to C. called up C. coming C. behaved C. attitude C. actually C. opposite C. acted C. boring C. really C. until

49. A. pulled over B. put up 50. A. taken up 51. A. made sure 52. A. reflecting 53. A. impressed 54. A. idea B. picked up B. thought up B. shining B. influenced B. mind

D. ran over D. recovered from D. figured out D. falling D. reacted D. plan D. easily D. negative D. worked D. disappointing D. hardly D. when

55. A. completely B. naturally 56. A. strange 57. A. did 58. A. annoying 59. A. never 60. A. after B. careful B. performed B. funny B. ever B. before

20

9 She was only about five feet tall and probably never weighed more than 110 pounds. However, Miss Bessie was a(n) 41 presence in the classroom. From 1938 to 1942, when I attended I realized.

Bernard High School, she taught me a lot 42 There was never a(n) 43

problem in Miss Bessie‘s classes. We didn‘t dare to trouble a 44

woman who knew about the Battle of Hasting and could also play the piano and Shakespeare and Milton. Miss Bessie knew that my family couldn‘t afford to buy a newspaper. She knew we didn‘t own a radio. Still, she going on in the world.‖ 46 me to ―look out for your 47 and find some way to 48

45

what‘s made

49 I became a delivery boy who delivered newspapers. I 50

a dollar a week, but I got to read a newspaper every day. Miss Bessie noticed things that had nothing to do with schoolwork but were vital to a youngster‘s 51 . Once a few classmates made fun of my school, Miss Bessie 53 52 overcoat. As I was leaving

me on the back of that old overcoat and said, ― Carl, never worry

about what you don‘t have. Just make the most of what you do have--- a(n) 54 . Among the things that I didn‘t have was her 56 55 in the little wooden house. But because of

, I spent many hours beside a kerosene lamp(煤油灯) reading Shakespeare. Miss 57 a wonderful world of poems and stories. She led me to 58 that

Bessie introduced me

I could write poems as well as Shakespeare. So I read 59 Miss Bessie told me to, and tried to remember the things she insisted that I store.

Years later, her encouragement finally led to that lovely day when Miss Bessie dropped me a note 60 ―I‘m so proud to read your article in The Times.‖

41. A. amusing 42. A. more than 43. A. academy 44. A. make use of 45. A. even 46. A. allowed

B. towering B. less than B. homework

C. interesting C. better than C. race

D. exciting D. worse than D. discipline

B. make fun of B. still B. forced C. ever C. turned
21

C. make sense of D. yet D. encouraged

D. make light of

47. A. happiness

B. future

C. family

D. mistake C. keep up with D. put up with

48. A. catch up with B. come up with 49. A. So 50. A. always 51. A. character 52. A. colourful 53. A. patted 54. A. house 55. A. money 56. A. inspiration 57. A. to 58. A. imagine 59. A. whenever 60. A. writing B. And B. merely B. health B. modern B. hit B. overcoat B. electricity B. anger B. in B. believe B. wherever B. printing

C. Because C. sometimes C. development C. informal C. struck C. radio C. water C. curiosity C. of C. dream C. whichever C. saying

D. As D. almost D. performance D. used D. tapped

D. brain D. gas D. sponsorship D. about D. insist D. whatever D. speaking

10 Recently, I stopped by a convenience store to get a newspaper and a bottle of water. The young woman at the check-out 36 said, ―That‘ll be five dollars in all please.‖ She then 37 down at the paper I was buying and said, ―I‘m 38 all these negative(消极的) words on the front pages. I want to read some 39 news for a change.‖ She then said, ― 40 , I think someone should just 41 a newspaper with good news –– a paper with wonderful, inspirational 42 about people overcoming difficulty and doing good things for others.‖ She 43 me for coming in and said, ―Maybe we‘ll get some good news,‖ and she 44 . She made my day. The following day after my business appointments, I 45 the same store again to pick up bottled water and a newspaper, but a 46 young lady was behind the counter. As I checked out I said, ―Good afternoon‖ and 47 her my money. She said nothing –– not a word, not a smile or not a 48 . She just gave me my change and 49 a negative tone ordered ―Next!‖ It 50 me right in the eye: two people, the same age; one made me feel 51 , but the other, well, made me feel that I had inconvenienced(打扰) her by 52 .
22

Every morning, you should ask 53 this important question: ―Who do I want to be today? ?The Grouch(好抱怨的人) ‘ or ?The Good News Girl‘ ?‖ your answer will go a long way towards 54 the joy and happiness that you will experience in your 55 36. A. bed 37. A. put 38. A. tired of 39. A. latest 40. A. In fact 41. A. collect 42. A. stories 43. A. told 44. A. did 45. A. dropped by 46. A. beautiful 47.A. carried 48. A. gesture 49. A. for 50. A. caught 51. A. great 52. A. moving on 53. A. her 54. A. creating 55. A. home B. counter B. got B. interested in B. good B. As usual B. print B. ideas B. thanked B. agreed B. stood by B. different B. passed B. movement B. at B. hit B. sad B. going away B. them B. determining B. office C. table C. glanced C. careful about C. interesting C. However C. sell C. pictures C. praised C. laughed C. brought in C. clever C. handed C. shake C. though C. pushed C. excited C. showing up C. yourself C. sharing C. study D. shop D. turned D. fond of D. real D. By the way D. publish D. habits D. congratulated D. pointed D. took in D. stupid D. showed D. problem D. in D. saw D. disappointed D. showing off D. themselves D. forming D. life

23

24

高考英语完形填空专项训练参考答案 1 ACBAD ADABC 2 BDABA CDBCD 3 CDABB ADBCC 4 BACDA CBADC 5 AABCB 6 AABCD ADBAC 7 DABCA DBCCD 8 DACDB CBDAB 9 BADCA DBCAB 10 BCABA DABCA BCADB ACCBD CDADB AABDC DADCC DCBCB ABCDA BCADC BCBCD ABCDB ACDCB CCBAC BDDAA BACBD ACCBD ADBCD DADBC AABDC CAABC BCBDD ADCBC

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