Language revision of Unit 1
Activity one --- Knowledge about western Art
Does it change a lot or keep the same?
The style of western art changed many times. During the middle Ages, the main a___ of painters was to concentrate aim on r______. As a result, the paintings from this period are religion full of religious s______. In the renaissance, new ideas and symbols v____ replaced the old ones. Drawing things in perspective values and oil paints made the picture much more r_______. In the realistic late 19th century, the society changed a lot . Impressionists shadow tried to show how light and s_______ fell on objects at different times of the day. But people don’t like their ridiculous paintings because they thought they were r________. Now , there are many modern art styles. Some are very abstract a_______ while some are very realistic. But can you predict p_______ what styles of painting there will be in the future?
The style of western art changed many times. During the focus on middle Ages, the main aim of painters was to concentrate on religion.Consequently painting from this period are full of As a result, the religious symbols. In the renaissance, new ideas and values replaced the old ones. took the place of the old ones Drawing things in perspective and oil paints made the pictures much more realistic. In the late 19th century, the society changed a great . a lot deal Impressionists tried to attempted to show how light and shadow fell on objects at different times of the day. But people don’t like their paintings because they thought they were ridiculous. Now , there are scores ofmodern art styles. Some are very many Nowadays abstract while some are very realistic. But can you predict what styles of painting there will be in the future?
If I ruled the world
Tony Bennett ---如果世界由我主宰 如果世界由我主宰 If I ruled the world, Every day would be the first day of spring, Every heart would have a new song to sing, And we'd sing of the joy every morning would bring. If I ruled the world, Every man would be as free as a bird, Every voice would be a voice to be heard, Take my word we would treasure each day that occurred.
Subjunctive Mood 虚拟语气
It shows your good wishes or dreams. It is evident that they are not real or they can’t come true.
表示说话人的愿望、假设、 表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测或 建议，而不表示客观存在的事实。 建议，而不表示客观存在的事实。
romantic , unrealistic, best wishes
If I _____ (have )a great deal of had money now, I _____________ would travel (travel) around the world.
If I _________(be) a scientist, I were ____________ would design (design) a spaceship.
Translate the sentences(翻译句子） 翻译句子） 翻译句子
If I were you, I would acccept his help. __________________________________________.
辆汽车的话，我就会每天回家。 如果我有 辆汽车的话，我就会每天回家。
If I had a car， I could go home everyday. ， __________________________________________.
if 条件句中的虚拟语气 If 条件句 主 句
would should could might would should could might +have done sth
过去 现在 将来
助动词 be用 were 用 实义动词 do 用 did
+ do sth
did / were should do were to do
would should + do sth could Might
省略if 的虚拟条件句的倒装把were , had , 省略 的虚拟条件句的倒装把 should 提到句首 # If you were the manager here, what would you do? Were you ….
# If he should act like that again, he would be fired immediately. Should he ….
如果上天能够给我一个再来一次的机会， 如果上天能够给我一个再来一次的机会， 我会对那个女孩子说三个字：我爱你。 我会对那个女孩子说三个字：我爱你。 如果非要在这份爱上加上一个期限，我希望是--一万年 一万年! 如果非要在这份爱上加上一个期限，我希望是 一万年
If the God ________________________(give) me should /were to give/gave another chance，I_____________ (tell)the girl three ， would tell words: I love you! If our love _________ (have had to ___________ to) be set a time limit, I wish it would be (be)10,000 years!
主语+ 主语 wish + 宾语从句 1.I wish I had a car so that I could go home everyday. 2.The program was wonderful. I wish I had seen it. 3.Tomorrow is my birthday. I wish you would come to my party. 过去时 (did/were) 现在： 现在： wish + 宾语从句
过去： 过去： 将来： 将来：
过去完成时 (had done)
1. How I wish I _____ as well as she. A. shall sing B. can sing C. could sing D. will sing 2.I wish I _____ to have a word with Danny when he was here last week. A. had been able B. should be able C. have been able D.were able 3. I wish very much you ____ manage to come here tomorrow. A.will B. can C. could D. are able to
When I was young, I wished I could have been a doctor. But I was not good enough at science, so I couldn’t become a doctor. If I had learned better, I would have become a doctor.
Write down your wishes (more than 2) which are not likely to be realized and tell us your reasons.
Now, I’d like to talk about my wishes. I wish …. Because if …, ….would/could do… I wish …. Because if …, ….would/could do… …
名词性从句的虚拟语气(一二三四） 名词性从句的虚拟语气 一二三四） 一二三四 一个坚持： 一个坚持：insist 两个命令： 两个命令：order, command 三个建议： 三个建议：advise, suggest, propose 四个要求： 四个要求：demand , require, request, urge
他坚持认为她有病，坚持要求立刻被送到医院。 他坚持认为她有病，坚持要求立刻被送到医院。 他建议我们马上举行一个会议。 他建议我们马上举行一个会议。 他的苍白的脸表明他生病了。 他的苍白的脸表明他生病了。 1) He insisted that she was seriously ill and that be sent to hospital at once.
2) He suggested that we have a meeting at once
3) His pale face suggested that he was ill.
would rather that -
过去： 过去： 过去完成时 未来： 未来： 过去时
我宁愿你也来了。 我宁愿你也来了。 我宁愿你明天来
? I would rather you had come, too. ? I would rather you came tomorrow.
as if /though + 从句
现在： 过去时 过去：过去完成时
? She loves the baby as if he were her own son.
? They talked as if they had been friends for years.
4).It’s high time +that - 过去时
我们该努力学习英语的时候了。 It’s high time that we did everything we can to improve our English .
without, otherwise, but for ,or等表示隐含条件的构 等 成虚拟。 成虚拟。
? Without sunlight, people’s life _________(be) would be different from today. ? But for your help, I would not have finished __________________ (finish) the work.
If only …(要是 就好了 要是…就好了 要是 就好了)
? 要是我能年轻十岁就好了。 要是我能年轻十岁就好了。 If only I could be ten years younger.
It’s necessary /strange/ natural/ important a pity+ that --- 从句中的动词要用虚拟，即 从句中的动词要用虚拟， (should)+动词原形 动词原形 1.It is important that we ( should ) master a foreign language. 2. It is strange that she refuse to come to the party. 3. It’s necessary that we should study hard.
有些条件句中的主句谓语和从句谓语表示动 作在时间上并不一致，这类句子称为错综 作在时间上并不一致，这类句子称为错综 时间条件句。 时间条件句。 如果你采纳了你老师的建议， 如果你采纳了你老师的建议，你现在就不会 在医院了。 在医院了。
If you had followed the teacher’s advice, you wouldn’t be in the hospital.
Part 1 . if 条件句中的虚拟语气 Part 2 . 名词性从句的虚拟语气
? ? ? ? 一个坚持： 一个坚持：insist 两个命令： 两个命令：order, command 三个建议：advise, suggest, propose 三个建议： 四个要求： 四个要求：demand , require, request, desire
Part 3. 几种特殊结构中虚拟语气的用法 几种特殊结构中虚拟语气的用法：
1）wish ） 2）would rather that ） 3） as if /though + 从句 ） 4） It’s high time +that ） 5）without和but for ） 和 6）If only … ） 7）It’s necessary /strange/ natural/ important a pity+ that ）
Part 4. 错综虚拟条件句
Suppose one of you is our headmaster, Mr Chen! You ask him some questions using the subjunctive mood. If you were a student, … If you hadn’t passed the exam, … If you were given another chance, … …
S: Hello! C: Hello! S: I’m a student from Class19 Grade 2, I want to ask you some questions. If you …… C:……
如果我是一个家长，我会建议我的小孩 而不会命令他 而不会命令他…。 如果我是一个家长，我会建议我的小孩…而不会命令他 。 我宁愿我给我的孩子自由去…但是现在的孩子看来好像 但是现在的孩子看来好像…。 我宁愿我给我的孩子自由去 但是现在的孩子看来好像 。 我多么希望…。幸运的是我已经意识到该是…的时候了 的时候了。 我多么希望 。幸运的是我已经意识到该是 的时候了。 因此很有必要...。要是…就好了 就好了。 因此很有必要 。要是 就好了。
? If I were a parent, I would suggest that my child …and would not give the order that…I would rather that I gave my child freedom to…but now children seem as if …how I wish…fortunately I have realized it is high time that… therefore, it is necessary that… and if only…
IF ALL THE SEAS WERE ONE SEA If all the seas were one sea, what a great sea that would be! And if all the trees were one tree, what a great tree that would be! And if all the axes were one axe, what a great axe that would be! And if all the men were one man, what a great man he would be! And if the great man took the great axe, and cut down the great tree! And let it fall into the great sea, what a great splash that would be!
1. Do the exercises on 讲与练page 80. 2. Preview unit 2 --- Poems
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