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2018届高三英语总复习第一部分回归教材Unit2Englisharoundtheworld课时作业新人教版必修120171010119

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Unit 2 English around the world

Ⅰ.阅读理解 Have you ever found yourself in this situation: You hear a song you used to sing when you were a child—a bit of nostalgia(怀旧) or “blast from the past,” as we say. But it is not a distant childhood memory. The words come back to you as clearly as when you sang them all those years ago. Researchers at the University of Edinburgh studied the relationship between music and remembering a foreign language. They found that remembering words in a song was the best way to remember even one of the most difficult languages. Here is what they did. Researchers took 60 adults and randomly divided them into three groups of 20. Then they gave the groups three different types of “listen?and?repeat” learning conditions. Researchers had one group simply speak the words. They had the second group speak the words to a rhythm, or beat. And they asked the third group to sing the words. All three groups studied words from the Hungarian language for 15 minutes. Then they took part in a series of language tests to see what they remembered. Why Hungarian, you ask? Researchers said they chose Hungarian because not many people know the language. It does not share any roots with Germanic or Romance languages, such as Italian or Spanish. After the tests were over, the singers came out on top. The people who learned these new Hungarian words by singing them showed a higher overall performance. They did the best in four out of five of the tests. They also performed two times better than those who simply learned the words by speaking them. Dr. Katie Overy says singing could lead to new ways to learn a foreign language. The brain likes to remember things when they are contained in a catchy 3, or memorable 4, tune 5. Dr. Ludke said the findings could help those who struggle to learn foreign languages. On the University of Edinburgh's website Dr. Ludke writes, “This study

1

provides the first experimental evidence that a listen?and?repeat singing method

can support foreign language learning, and opens the door for future research in

this area.”

1.The “song” mentioned in the first paragraph is intended to ________.

A.recall the past

B.attract the readers

C.introduce the topic

D.compare the childhood with the present

2.According to the passage which language doesn't share the same root with

Germanic or Romance languages?

A.Hungarian.

B.Spanish.

C.Italian.

D.English.

3.Based on the last two paragraphs, we can conclude that ________.

A.singing is the best way to learn a language

B.the brain probably works best when the foreign language learners sing the

words

C.a listen?repeat method is very effective for any language learner

D.Dr. Katie Overy and Dr. Ludke disagree with each other

4.In which situation can the finding of the research be applied?

A.A mother is going to teach her baby how to speak.

B.A child is going to have his first music lesson.

C.A student is going to learn a new English song.

D.An American is going to learn some Chinese.

答案与解析

本文讲述的是一项关于音乐和外语学习之间关系的研究。

1.C 细节理解题。本文开头通过举例导入话题,人们都清楚地记得儿时唱歌的歌词是

因为音乐有助于记忆,故选 C。

2.A 细节理解题。根据文章第五段“It does not share any roots with Germanic or

Romance languages, such as Italian or Spanish.”可知 A 项正确。故选 A。

3.B 细节理解题。根据最后两段对研究的具体描述可知 B 项正确。故选 B。

4.D 推理判断题。从最后一段可知,此项研究对于外语学习者非常有用,可知 D 项正

确。故选 D。

Ⅱ.七选五

(2017·福建省三明市月考)

2

The guy who tried to edit English The English vocabulary is not only huge, it is also full of words that mean practically the same thing. Get, obtain, acquire. Shine, gleam, glow, sparkle. __1__ That was the thinking of a British writer named C.K. Ogden, who in the 1930s promoted a new form of English with a vocabulary of just 850 words. He called the project Basic English. __2__ Ogden arrived at his 850?word list through experimentation. The words he finally included were not necessarily the shortest or most concrete. __3__Because any verbal (动词的) idea could be expressed with a small number of “operators”— words like come, go, take, have, make, be and do — Ogden argued that most verbs were unnecessary. In Basic English, eat is “have a meal” and forget is “go from memory.” Winston Churchill was a fan of the concept as a way to get foreigners to speak English, and he encouraged the BBC to use it.__4__ Roosevelt, who expressed mild interest, joked that Churchill's famous speech about offering his “blood, toil, tears and sweat” to his country wouldn't have been so exciting if he “had been able to offer the British people only blood, work, eye water and face water, which I understand is the best that Basic English can do with five famous words.” __5__Churchill didn't use it either. When seeking to express ourselves, we don't necessarily need fewer words; we need the right words. So it's our benefit to have a large supply of words on hand. A.Do we really need them all? B.How many words are there in English? C.Ogden himself didn't actually use Basic English. D.Plenty of seeming basic words did not make the list at all. E.He also tried to persuade President Franklin Roosevelt to promote it. F.He believed it would make the language more efficient and easier to learn. G.Despite attention from world leaders, Basic English never got as far as expected.
答案与解析 本文是说明文。文章介绍了由奥格登创造出来的一种简化英语——基本英语。 1.A 第一段讲到英语的词汇量很大且有很多同义词,第二段提到 That was the thinking of a British writer 及奥格登将英语词汇量减到 850 个可知,此处应该是问“我 们确实需要那么多词汇吗”。故选 A。 2.F 奥格登之所以创造基本英语是因为他觉得这样英语更容易学。故选 F。
3

3.D 根据上文的 were not necessarily the shortest or most concrete 及下文举 的例子可知,很多基础的词汇并没有出现在基本英语中。故选 D。
4.E 由下文的 Roosevelt, who expressed mild interest 可知,此处是说丘吉尔也 试图说服罗斯福总统推广基本英语。故选 E。
5.C 根据下文的 Churchill didn't use it either 可知,“奥格登并没有真正使用 基本英语”符合语境。故选 C。
Ⅲ.语法填空 (2017·湖南省益阳市高三月考)
All through history, people from many different countries and cultures have lived together in Britain. The English language __1__ (consist) of the grammar and vocabulary __2__ (this) people brought to Britain. That is __3__ English has so many difficult rules that confuse people.
The development of English experienced three periods — Old English, Middle English and Modern English. From the 5th to the 9th centuries, Britain was occupied by different groups from other countries, which led to Old English __4__ (replace) Celtic. Old English, a mixture of different languages, differs __5__ today's English. Middle English is the name __6__ (give) to the English used from __7__ (approximate) the 12th to the 15th centuries. During this period, French, though it didn't replace English, still made many __8__ (contribution) to Middle English. This resulted in more words with similar meanings. The words for the meat of these animals which __9__ (serve) to the Normans, came from Old French. Modern English appeared in the 16th century, which went through many changes during this period. The question of __10__ English will keep on changing in the future is easy to answer. It is certain that this process will continue.
答案与解析 关于英语这种语言的发展和改变。 1.consists 词组 consist of 无被动语态,根据句意可知用一般现在时态,故填 consists。 2.these 句意:英语是由这些到英国的人所带来的语言规则和词汇组成的。故填 these。 3.why 句意:那就是为什么英语有着这么多使人困惑的难规则。故填 why。 4.replacing 固定形式:lead to doing sth.故此处填 replacing。 5.from 固定词组:differ from 不同于……,故填 from。 6.given 这里 name 和 give 之间是被动关系,故填 given。
4

7.approximately 句意:大约第 12 世纪到 15 世纪。可知此处用副词形式,故填

approximately。

8.contributions many 修饰名词复数,故填 contributions。

9.was served 根据句意可知此处用一般过去时态的被动语态,故填 was served。

10.whether 句意:是否英语在未来继续改变这个问题是容易回答的。介词后面不用

if 引导宾语从句,故填 whether。

Ⅳ.短文改错

(2017·重庆一中第二次月考)

When I was 10, I was asked to make a speech naming “My Dream” before the whole

class! With so many eyes fixed upon me, you can imagine how nervous I was. However,

I had no choice but prepare for it. To draft the speech was the easiest for me, the

good writer, but the hard part lay in my oral presentation from my memory. The real

moment came while I stood on the platform, my heart was beating fast and my mind

blank. Much to my surprise, the listeners were sitting quietly and wait patiently

without any signs of rushing me. Gradually I found me back. When I finished my speech,

my audience applauded wild. I made it! From then on, my fear of talking before an

audience disappears.

答案

When I was 10, I was asked to make a speech naming “My Dream” before the whole

named

class! With so many eyes fixed upon me, you can imagine how nervous I was. However,

I had no choice but ∧ prepare for it. To draft the speech was the easiest for me,

to

the good writer, but the hard part lay in my oral presentation from my memory. The

a

hardest

real moment came while I stood on the platform, my heart w\as beating fast and my

when

mind blank. Much to my surprise, the listeners were sitting quietly and wait

waiting

patiently without any signs of rushing me. Gradually I found me back. When I

myself

finished my speech, my audience applauded wild. I made it! From then on, my fear

wildly

of talking before an audience disappears.

disappeared

Ⅴ.书面表达

(2017·广东省揭阳市第一中学月考)

5

假设你是李华,你所在的班级决定成立“大乐英语俱乐部”。请你给你校的外教 John

写封信,邀请他加入该俱乐部。要点如下:

1.成立俱乐部的目的。

2.活动时间、地点和内容。

3.邀请加入。

注意:1.词数 100 左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

大乐英语俱乐部:

Big Fun English Club

Dear John,

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

答案

Dear_John,

To arouse our interest in English learning and provide a platform for us to learn

and practise using English, our class has decided to set up Big Fun English Club.

We'll gather in our classroom after school every Saturday, when a variety of

activities will be organized, such as watching English movies, singing English songs,

putting on English plays, having debates in English and so on.

On behalf of our class, I'm much honored to warmly invite you to join us. I firmly

believe that your appearance in our club will definitely inspire us all to become

more interested in learning and using English and therefore work harder at English.

We'll be expecting you in our class at 5:00pm this Saturday.

Yours_sincerely,

Li__Hua

6

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