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英语划分句子成分句式练习题及答案


练习 一、指出下列句子划线部分是什么句子成分: 1. The students got on the school bus. 2. He handed me the newspaper. 3. I shall answer your question after class. 4. What a beautiful Chinese painting! 5. They went hunting together early in the morning. 6. His job is to train swimmers. 7. He took many photos of the palaces in Beijing. 8. There is going to be an American film tonight. 9. He is to leave for Shanghai tomorrow. 10. His wish is to become a scientist. 11. He managed to finish the work in time. 12. Tom came to ask me for advice. 13. He found it important to master English. 14. Do you have anything else to say? 15. To be honest, your pronunciation is not so good. 16. Would you please tell me your address? 17. He sat there, reading a newspaper. 18. It is our duty to keep our classroom clean and tidy. 19. He noticed a man enter the room. 20. The apples tasted sweet. 二、用符号划出下列短文各句中的定语(—)、状语(=)、补语(~): Most Saturday evenings there is a party, even at harvest time. These parties often make us very happy. We cook meat on an open fire outside. It's great! Americans eat a lot of meat — too much in my opinion. Some of my friends drink beer. I don't, because I have to drive home after the party. In your letter you asked about the time in different areas of the States. There are five different time areas in the States. In my state we are fourteen hours behind Beijing time. How many different time areas do you have in China? Well, I must stop and get some sleep. Please give my best regards to your parents. 三、选择填空: ( )1. ____ will leave for Beijing. B. The man here now D. The man is here now A. Now there the man C. The man who is here now ( ( ( ( ) 2. The weather ____. B. is wet and cold C. not wet and cold D. were wet and cold B. sweetly B. late C. nicely C. latest D. sweet D. latter ) 3. The apple tasted ____. ) 4. He got up ____ yesterday morning. )5. The actor ______at the age of 70.
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A. wet and cold A. sweets A. lately

A. dead ( ( ( A. its ( ( A. looks A. that A. We, us A. crowd

B. died B. Us, we B. crowding B. it

C. dyed C. We, our C. crowded C. that

D. deaded D. We, we D. crowdedly D. that is

)6. ____ were all very tired, but none of ____ would stop to take a rest. )7. He found the street much ______. ) 8.I think _____necessary to learn English well. ) 9. The dog ____ mad. B. is looked B. when C. is being looked D. was looked C. in which D. where )10.I will never forget the day ______ I joined the army.

四、分析下列句子成分 1. Our school is not far from my home. 2. It is a great pleasure to talk with you 3. All of us considered him honest. 5. He broke a piece of glass. 9. They pushed the door open. teaching 13. We need a place twice larger than this one. 14. He asked us to sing an English song. 15. Don't get nervous, help yourself to what you like. 16.We will make our school more beautiful. 17. He didn't come.That is why he didn't know. 18. She showed us her many of her pictures. 19. The old man lives a lonely life. 20. Luckily the 1989 earthquake did not happen in the center of town. 21. The cars made in Japan are better than those in Germany. 22. There are so many people in the hall that it's hard for me to find him. 23. No matter how difficult the task may be, we must fulfil it this month. 24. Go back where you came from. 26. At last he got home, tired and hungry. 28 Mary handed her homework to the teacher. 30. I’ll get my hair cut tomorrow. 五、区分复合句,简单句,并列句。 I hope you are very well. I'm fine, but tired. Right now it is the summer vacation and I'm helping my Dad on the farm. August is the hottest month here. It is the time of year for the rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark. Sometimes we go on working after dark by the lights of our tractors. We grow rice in the south of the States, but in the north where it is colder they grow wheat. We have a lot of machines on the farm. Although the farm is large, my Dad has only two men working for him. But he employs more men for the harvest. My brother takes care of the vegetable garden. It doesn't often rain in the summer here. As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden. Every evening we pump water from a well. It then runs along channels to different parts of the garden. 25. We must do whatever the people want us to do. 27. Would you please pass me the cup? 29. Do you know the latest news about him? 4. My grandfather bought me a pair of sports shoes. 6. He made it clear that he would leave the city. 10. Grandma told me an interesting story last night. 12.All the students think highly of his

7. ---I love you more than her,child . 8. Tees turn green when spring comes. 11. He wrote carefully some letters to his friends.

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Most Saturday evenings there is a party, even at harvest time. These parties often make us very happy. We cook meat on an open fire outside. It's great! Americans eat a lot of meat — too much in my opinion. Some of my friends drink beer. I don't, because I have to drive home after the party. In your letter you asked about the time in different areas of the States. There are five different time areas in the States. In my state we are fourteen hours behind Beijing time. How many different time areas do you have in China?Well, I must stop and get some sleep. Please give my best regards to your parents.

练习: 一、1、主语,定语;2、间接宾语;3、谓语,状语;4、定语;5、状语,状语;6、定语, 表语;7、宾语,状语;8、谓语,主语;9、谓语;10、主语,表语;11、谓语,宾语;12、 状语;13、形式宾语,真正宾语;14、宾语、定语;15、插入语,状语;16、宾语(间宾+ 直宾);17、状语,状语;18、形式主语,表语,宾补;19、宾补;20、表语 三、1~5 CBDBB 6~10 ACBAB 1. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 5. 主语 +及物动词 +宾语 7. 主语 +及物动词 +宾语 2. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 6. 主语 +动词 + 形式宾语 it+ 宾语补足语+宾语 8. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 3. 主语 +动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语 4. 主语+双宾动词+间接宾语+直接宾语

9. 主语 +动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语 10. 主语+双宾动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 11. 主语+双宾动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 12 主语 +及物动词 +宾语 13. 主语 +及物动词 +宾语 15. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 17. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 19. 主语 + 不及物动词 21. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 23. 主语 +及物动词 +宾语 25. 主语 +及物动词 +宾语 29. 主语 +及物动词 +宾语 14. 主语 +动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语 16. 主语 +动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语 18. 主语+双宾动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 20. 主语 + 不及物动词 22. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 24. 主语 + 不及物动词 26. 主语 + 不及物动词 30. 主语 +动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语

27. 主语+双宾动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 28. 主语+双宾动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 I hope you are very well(复合句). I'm fine, but tired(简单句). Right now it is the summer vacation and I'm helping my Dad on the farm(并列句). August is the hottest month here(简单 句) . It is the time of year for the rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark. (并列句) Sometimes we go on working after dark by the lights of our tractors(简单句). We grow rice in the south of the States, but in the north where it is colder they grow wheat(并列复合句). We have a lot of machines on the farm(简单句). Although the farm is large, my Dad has only two men working for him (复合句) . But he employs more men for the harvest (简单句) . My brother takes care of the vegetable garden(简单句). It doesn't often rain in the summer here(简单句). As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden (简单句) . Every evening we pump water from a well(简单句). It then runs along channels to different parts of the garden(简单句).

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Most Saturday evenings there is a party, even at harvest time(简单句). These parties often make us very happy (简单句) . We cook meat on an open fire outside (简单句) . It's great ( 简单句) ! Americans eat a lot of meat — too much in my opinion(简单句). Some of my friends drink beer (简单句). I don't, because I have to drive home after the party(复合句). In your letter you asked about the time in different areas of the States(简单句). There are five different time areas in the States(简单句). In my state we are fourteen hours behind Beijing time(简单句). How many different time areas do you have in China(简单句)? Well, I must stop and get some sleep (简单句). Please give my best regards to your parents(简单句).

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