Grammar & Writing
①We leave London on 15 July, and we'll be taking a flight to Morocco, in northern Africa. ②We will be travelling by camel with local guides, camping in tents and sleeping on the ground. ③I will be enjoying myself with my family members this weekend. ④What will you be doing this time the day after tomorrow?
⑤They set off at 9 a．m. and would reach the airport an hour later. ⑥I was going to leave, but then it began to rain. ⑦He said he was to finish the work in a week. ⑧He was about to get on the bus when someone called him.
[我的发现] (1)句 ①②③④ 为将来进行时，它的谓语构成形式为 will be doing ;
将来进行时主要表示在将来某一时间正在进行 的动作。 (2)句⑤为 过去将来 时，它的谓语动词基本形式为 would do 。 (3)过去将来时的表达形式还有： was/were going to do ，如句⑥； _w__a_s_/w__e_re__to__d_o__，如句⑦； was/were about to do ，如句⑧。
一、将来进行时 1．将来进行时的基本用法 (1)表示将来某一段时间内持续做的动作。
Tom will be going on a trip by camel all next week. 汤姆整个下周的时间将一直骑骆驼旅行。 (2)表示将来某个时间前已开始做的动作并很有可能继续下去。 Tom will not be in London next Tuesday. He will be going on a trip by camel in Africa. 汤姆下周二将不在伦敦。他将一直在非洲骑骆驼旅行。
(3)表示将来自然而然会发生的事情，而不是人为安排要做的事。 The weather report says that it will be raining when we hold the sports meeting. 天气预报说我们举行运动会时将有雨。
(4)表示礼貌地询问对方或别人计划要做的事。 Will you be visiting the national park to see the wildlife up close? 你将要去参观国家公园来近距离地观看野生动物吗？
2．将来进行时的构成(以动词do为例) (1)肯定句：主语＋shall/will ＋be doing
We will be exploring the African grassland next weekend. 下个周末我们将去探索非洲的草原。 (2)否定句：主语＋shall/will＋not ＋be doing You won't be feeling it's a tiring job. 你将不会觉得这是一项累人的工作。
(3)一般疑问句：Shall/Will＋主语＋be doing? Will you be drawing up the schedule for the new year this time tomorrow? 明天这个时候你将在制订新一年的计划吗？
(4)特殊疑问句：疑问词＋shall/will＋主语＋be doing? What will you be doing at eight tomorrow morning? 明天上午8点你在做什么？
通常表示将来某个时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作。 When he comes, I will give him some advice. 当他来时，我会给他一些建议。 When I get home, he will probably be watching TV. 当我到家时，他也许正在看电视。
(2)两者均可表示将来，但用将来进行时语气更委婉。 When will you pay back the money? 你什么时候还钱？(似乎在直接讨债) When will you be paying back the money? 这钱你什么时候还呢？(语气委婉)
(3)有时一般将来时中的will含有“愿意”的意思，而will用于将 来进行时时则只是单纯地谈未来的情况。 Mary won't pay this bill. 玛丽不肯付这笔钱。(表意愿)
①When he comes to my house tomorrow, I __w_i_ll_b__e_w__ri_t_in_g__ (write) the report. ②Don't phone me between 8：00 and 10：00. We __w_i_ll_b_e__ _h_a_v_i_n_g__ (have) classes then. ③I think that she will be working (work) on this experiment until tomorrow morning.
④Premier Li will be making (make) a speech on TV at 8 p．m. on Friday evening. ⑤(2015·湖南高考改编)As you go through this book, you w__i_ll_ __fi_n_d__ (find) that each of the millions of people who lived through World War Ⅱ had a different experience. (2)完成句子 ①下周一的这个时候你将在做什么？ _W__h_a_t__w_i_ll_y_o_u__b_e__d_o_in__g__ at this time next Monday?
②你要看点儿别的什么吗？ _W__i_ll_y_o_u__b_e__r_ea__d_in_g__ anything else? ③七月份我们要去海边度假。 _W__e_w__il_l_b_e__ta_k__in_g__o_u_r_h__o_li_d_a_y___ at the seaside in July. ④如果你春天种下西瓜籽，秋天就会吃到新鲜的西瓜。 (2012·浙江高考改编)If you plant watermelon seeds in the spring, _y_o_u__w_i_ll_b__e_e_a_t_in_g__f_re_s_h__w_a_t_e_r_m__e_lo_n_ in the fall.
二、过去将来时 1．过去将来时的用法 (1)表示从过去某时开始将要发生的动作或存在的状态，常用于宾语
He said he would go to the north for the holiday. 他说他将去北方度假。
He was sixty-eight. In two years he would be seventy. 他 68 岁了，再过两年就 70 岁了。 (2)常可表示过去习惯性的动作(不管什么人称，都用 would)。 When I was young, I'd listen to the radio, waiting for my favourite songs. 当我年轻的时候，我常听收音机，等待我最喜欢的歌。
He hoped that they would meet again some day. 他希望将来有一天他们能再见面。 (2)表示过去将来时的其他几种表达方式： ①was/were going to do, 表示准备、计划做。 She said she was going to buy a new bike. 她说她打算买一辆新自行车。 ②was/were about to do, 表示即将发生的动作，不和表示时间 段的状语连用。
The bus was about to start. 公共汽车马上就要开了。
③was/were to do, 表示过去曾计划或安排要做。 The press conference was to be held next week. 记者招待会将于下周举行。 ④was/were doing仅限于某些表示位移的动词，如：come, go, arrive, leave等。表示按计划或安排将要发生的事。 I didn't know when they were coming again. 我不知道他们什么时候再来。 ⑤用某些动词的一般过去式形式表示按计划或时刻表要发生的事。 They told me school began on September 1st. 他们告诉我9月1号开学。
[名师点津] was/were (about) to do 结构和was/were going to do 结构的区别： was/were to do 侧重受别人指示或安排要做；was/were about to do 表示说话的瞬间就会发生的动作，一般不与表示将来的时间 状语连用；was/were going to do 侧重说话人的意图或打算。 Mr Smith said he was to take up the position. 史密斯先生说他要接任这个职务。
I felt something terrible was about to happen. 我觉得有可怕的事要发生了。 He promised me he was going to write the article well. 他答应我会把文章写好。
①她告诉我说她下周还会来。 She told me that she would come again next week. ②我原以为他不会参加这次会议，但令我吃惊的是，他 来了。 I thought he wouldn't attend the meeting , but to my surprise, he came. ③她说会议定于第二天举行。 She said that the meeting was to be held the next day.
(2)选词填空：be going to, be to, be about to ①It seemed as if it was going to rain. ②Although she was ill, she said she was to be seen in the lab the next day. ③The coach was about to give up the game when the captain scored a goal. ④(2015·陕西高考改编)At college, Barack Obama didn't know that he was to become the first black president of the United States of America.
1．He was going to speak (speak) at the meeting, but his
heart attack prevented him. 2．At this time tomorrow we will be flying (fly) over the
Atlantic. 3．Will you be doing
(do) your homework this time
tomorrow? 4．—Did you tell Julia about the result?
—Oh, no, I forgot. I will call (call) her.
5．I asked him to give up smoking, but he said he _w__o_u_l_d_n_'_t__d_o_
(not do) it.
6．From 13 to 20 July, my family and I will be travelling (travel)
7．My car is being repaired (repair), so I have to take the bus to
8．When he was going to open/was to open/was about to open
(open) the door, he found he had left his keys in the car.
9．Don't worry! The dog won't bite (not bite) you. 10．This morning I thought I was going to have (have) a talk
with you tonight.
Now that you are interested in traditional Chinese cultures, I thought this festival would be a worthwhile experience for you. 2．(2015·四川高考书面表达)你提到你想教英语作为回报，这正 是我渴望的。 You mentioned that you would like to teach English in return, which is exactly what I am dying for.
3．彼得刚要离开办公室，这时电话铃响了。 Peter was about to leave the office when the telephone rang.
4．明天9点钟你到达机场时，我将在那儿等你。 When you get to the airport at nine tomorrow, I _w_i_l_l _b_e_w__a_it_i_n_g_ for you there.
5．明天日出时你将会做什么？ W__h__a_t_w_i_ll__y_o_u_b_e__d_o_i_n_g_ at sunrise tomorrow?
6．玛丽告诉我们，如果下雨的话，她就不和我们一起去了。 Mary told us that she would not go with us if it rained.
7．妈妈许诺来年带我去北京。 Mother promised that she would take me to Beijing the next year.
8．已经干旱了好几周了。这些树要想存活，需要浇水了。 It has been dry for weeks. The trees need watering if they _a_r_e__to__s_u_r_v_iv_e___.
9．当我们去白浪漂流时，我们将戴着头盔，穿着救生衣作为 保护。 When we go white-water rafting, we __w_i_l_l _b_e_w__e_a_r_in_g___ helmets and life jackets for protection.
10．我们将跟随野生动物的足迹进行一次不同寻常的冒险。 We __w__il_l_f_o_ll_o_w_ the wildlife's tracks to have an extraordinary adventure.
Ⅲ.短文改错 Dear editor，
We have to say that the condition of the pollution is getting worse. An other day my friend and I went fishing on the riverside. We found the river so dirty and the smell was so terribly that we could hard stay there. They also found that some rubbish and dead fish were floated on the water. It is because a good many factory always dump waste water and some people throw rubbish in the river.
If the rivers all over the country were polluted like
this, all the alive things in the rivers would be killed and
harm will be done to the people near the rivers. We hope
the river would be made cleaning again soon, and that
something will be done to stop people from polluting our
答案：第二句：An→The 第三句：terribly→terrible; hard→hardly 第四句：They→We; floated→floating 第五句：factory→factories; in→into或to 第六句：alive→living 第七句：would→will; cleaning→clean
一、基本结构 电子邮件也属于书信体裁。它由下面几部分组成： 1．信头 信头包括收件人的电子邮件地址、发件人的电子邮件地址、 发信时间和主题。 以下是需要填写的内容： a．在“收件人(To：)”框中输入收件人的电子邮件地址。
b．“主题(Subject：)”框的内容应简明地概括信的内容， 短的可以是一个单词，如thanks, congratulations, greetings 等；长的可以是一个名词性短语，也可以是一个完整的句子， 但一般不超过35个字母。“主题”框的内容切忌含糊不清，要 用关键词体现信的主要内容。
2．称呼语 首行顶格写。通常用Dear ...，其后一般用逗号。 3．正文 这是文章的主要部分，在称呼语的下一行。这部分的写作要 求内容清晰、有条理、语言简洁。根据来信写回信时，要求仔细 阅读来信内容，如实回答来信中所提问题及相关信息，决不可答 非所问。 4．结束语 常写写信人对收信人的祝愿等。 5．签名 在结束语的下一行。
二、增分佳句 A．信件开头常用句式 *写信给他人 1．I'm writing to tell you about the discussion we had yesterday.
我写信告诉你有关昨天我们进行的讨论。 2．I'm writing to ask if you can come next week. 我写信问一下你下星期是否能来。 *回信给他人 3．Your e-mail came to me this morning. 我今天早晨收到了你的邮件。 4．I have received your letter of July 20th. 我已经收到了你7月20日的来信。
B．信件结尾常用句式 5．Please remember me to your whole family. 请代我向你全家问好。 6．Looking forward to your next visit to China. 期待你再次造访中国。 7．Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible. 期待尽快收到你的来信。 8．With best regards to your family. 向你全家问好。
[题目要求] 假如你是 Linda，你和妈妈已做好去新西兰旅游的安
排，请你给你的爸爸写封电子邮件，告诉他具体内容。 1．去新西兰旅游，以前没去过那里； 2．新西兰景色优美，阳光明媚； 3．步行穿越灌木丛，然后到海边； 4．坐船享受海边风光，品尝传统的毛利美食； 5．时间定在 10 月 1－7 日。费用约每人 3 000 元。
第一步：审题构思很关键 一、审题 1．确定体裁：本文为 电子邮件 。 2．确定人称：人称应为 第一人称 。 3．确定时态：时态以 一般将来时和 将来进行时 为主。 二、构思 第一段：选地点、道原因、定行程。 第二段：择日期、算费用、谈希望。
第二步：核心词汇想周全 1． go on holiday
2． beautiful scenery 3． plenty of sunshine 4． through 5． enjoy 6． taste 7． set a date 8． spend ... on
去度假 风景优美 阳光明媚 穿越 享受 品尝 确定日期 花费……
语从句) I've looked at several places where we can go on holiday. 2．这次旅行计划去新西兰，因为我们之前从未去过那儿。 (because引导原因状语从句) The travel is scheduled to go to New Zealand because none of us has ever been there before. 3．据说新西兰是一个风景优美、阳光明媚的国家。(sth. be said to be) New Zealand is said to be a country with beautiful scenery and plenty of sunshine.
4．我们可以步行穿越灌木丛，沿着沙滩散步，坐船享受海上风 光。(and连接并列谓语) We can walk through the bush, walk along the beach and enjoy the pleasant sea scenery on a boat.
5．我想旅程费用大约每人总计3 000元。(that宾语从句) I think we each spend about 3,000 yuan altogether on the trip.
6．这次旅行令人兴奋，这也正是我和妈妈所期待的。(and连接 的并列句) This trip is exciting and it's just like what I and mum expect!
第四步：句式升级造亮点 1．用it is said that ...句型改写句3
It is said that New Zealand is a country with beautiful scenery and plenty of sunshine. 2．用现在分词作伴随状语改写句4 We can walk through the bush, and walk along the beach, enjoying the pleasant sea scenery on a boat.
3．用so ... that ...句型改写句6 This trip is so exciting that it is just like what I and mum expect!
第五步：过渡衔接联成篇 Dear Dad,
I've looked at several places where we can go on holiday. The travel is scheduled to go to New Zealand because none of us has ever been there before. It is said that New Zealand is a country with beautiful scenery and plenty of sunshine. We can walk through the bush, and walk along the beach, enjoying the pleasant sea scenery on a boat. Also we can taste a traditional Maori dinner.
Mum and I have set the date in October, between the 1st and
the 7th. I think we each spend about 3,000 yuan altogether on the trip. This trip is so exciting that it's just like what I and mum
Bye for now.
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