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建平中学英语:高二英语分词


The Participle as Adverbial

现在分词作状语 -ing分词作状语可以表 示时间、原因、结果、 条件、让步、方式或伴 随情况等。

-ing分词短语作时间状语,相当于一个时间状语从 句 .
While he was reading the book, he nodded from time to time. 分词做状语 While reading the book, he nodded from time to time. Reading the book, he nodded from time to time.

When she saw those pictures, she remembered her childhood.



Seeing those pictures, she remembered her childhood

-ing分词短语作原因状语,相当于一个原 因状语从句。如:
Because I don’t know his address, I can’t send this book to him.
Not knowing his address, I can’t send this book to him. Because we were so nervous, we couldn’t go to sleep that night. Being so nervous, we couldn’t go to sleep that night.

After he finished his job, he went home.
Because he had seen the film, he talked much about it. He waited for a bus for a long time, he was tired of it. Having finished his job, he went home.

Having seen the film, he talked much about it.
Having waited for a but for a long time, he was tired of it.

-ing分词间或也可作条件状语和让步 状语,相当于一个状语从句。如:
If you use your head, you will find a way. Using your head, you will find a way. Even though they knew this reason , they made me pay for the damage. Knowing this reason, they made me pay for the damage.

-ing分词作伴随状语,
They stood there for half an hour and watched the stars in the sky. They stood there for half an hour ,watching the stars in the sky.

The children ran out of the classroom and laughed merrily The children ran out of the classroom, laughing merrily.

–ing分词短语作结果状语。如:
His father died, leaving him a lot of money. She was so angry that she threw the toy on the ground, breaking it into pieces.
The song is sung all over the country, making it the most popular song.

过去分词 past participle

过去分词作时间状语
1. When it is heated, ice will be changed into water. When heated, ice will be

changed into water.

过去分词作原因状语
1. Since/ As she was given advice by
the famous detective, the young

lady was no longer afraid.
Given advice by the famous

detective, the young lady was no
longer afraid.

2. Because it was done in a hurry, his
homework was full of mistakes.

Done in a hurry, his homework was
full of mistakes.

过去分词作条件或者假设状语
1. If I am given another chance, I will
do it better.

Given another chance, I will do it
better.

2. If I am compared with you, we still

have a long way to go.
Compared with you, we still have a long way to go.

作方式或伴随情况状语
The hunter left his house, and he was followed by his dog. 1. The hunter left his house, followed by his dog.

2. She sat by the window, lost in
thought.

She sat by the window, and she was
lost in thought. lost 表示一种迷失心理状态
有些过去分词因来源于系表结构,作状语时不表被动 而表主动。这样的过去分词及短语常见的有: lost (迷路); seated (坐); hidden (躲); lost / absorbed in (沉溺于); born (出身于); dressed in (穿着); tired of (厌烦)。

When he had been surrounded by the students for a while, he found it hard to breathe. Because he had been criticized by the teacher , Li Ming gave up smoking. Having been surrounded by the students for a while, he found it hard to breathe. Having been criticized by the teacher, Li Ming gave up smoking

The participle as attributive

分词作定语

分词短语作定语= 相当于定语从句: 1 Do you know the woman who is holding an umbrella? =Do you know the woman holding an umbrella? 2 The car that was damaged by an elephant is being repaired. =The car damaged by an elephant is being repaired. 3 The windows which were being repaired face south. =The windows being repaired face south.

1When the students saw the teacher entering the room,they stood up. 2 When the earth is seen from the moon,it looks like a ball. 3Because I didn’t know what to do about it,I asked my teacher for advice. 4As the students were encouraged by his speech,they decided to work hard. 5If you read more carefully,you’ll learn something new. 6The bottle dropped to the ground and it broke into pieces. 7 Even though the old man was tired ,he continued to work 8Although the machines were made many years ago, they are still working in perfect order.

1_______ more attention, the tree could have grown better. (90’全国) A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given. 2________ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.(96’全 国) A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose 3. ________ in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.(00’上海) A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding 4When ________, the museum will be open to the public next year. (02’上海春) A. completed B. completing C. being completed D. to be completed

5 European football is played in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make 6 ______ a reply, he decided to write again A Not receiving B. Receiving not C Not having received D. Having not received 7 When ________ into the warm room, ice soon changes into water. A.heating and taking B.heated, and taking C.heating or taken D.heated or taken 8.While building a tunnel through the mountain,_________. A the underground lake was found B the workers found a lake

B 1.She is writing a letter to a friend of hers,____him
to the party . A.Having invited B.inviting C.to invite D.invited 2.___who she was,she said she was Mr.Johnson’s B friend. A.Asking B.Asked C.To be asked D.When asking 3._____,your composition is full of mistakes. B A.Writing carelessly B.Written carelessly C.Having written carelessly D.Being written carelessly

4.While building a tunnel through the mountain,___. D

A.an underground lake was discovered
B.there was an underground lake discovered

C.a lake was discovered underground.
D.the workers discovered an underground lake 5.Finding her car stolen,_____. D A.a policeman was asked to help B.the area was searching thoroughly C.it was looked for everywhere D.she hurried to a pliceman for help

c _____________ a four-storey building, we thought the boy would die.
A Falling from

B Fell from
C As he fell from D Having fell from

B _________about my journey,I didn’t
sleep well the first few days. A Being worried B Worried C Having been worried D Worrying

Consolidation 1. The secretary worked late into the night, _____ a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 2. European football is played in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making C. made B. makes D. to make

3.”Can’t you read?” Mary said ______ to the notice. A. angrily pointing C. angrily pointed B. and point angrily D. and angrily pointing

4. ______ a reply, he decided to write again. A.Not receiving B. Receiving not C.Not having received D. Having not received

7.__________ the classroom, the students went to the playground to watch the football match. A. To clean B. Having cleaned C. Cleaned D. Cleaning 8. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door ________"Sorry to miss you; will call later.“ A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading 9.________from what he said, he must be the thief who has stolen the car. A. Judging B. Judged C. To judge D. Judge

10.________for the terrible accident, as the public thought, the mayor felt nervous and was at a loss what to do. A. Having blamed B. To blame C. Being to be blame D. Being to blame 11.We slept with the light________ all night long last night. A. burnt B. to burn C. being burnt D. burning 12.________her mother had come, her face lit up. A. Hearing B. Having heard C. When hearing D. When she heard


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