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(冠词填空)Foreign Language study in America

Foreign Language Study in America
It seems more and more Americans want schools to teach foreign languages to children younger than five years old. _____most popular way to teach these young children another language is the method called immersion(专心). Children in immersion programs hear only _____new language in the classroom. The children play games, sing songs and talk to one another in the new language. Some experts say immersion programs are______ most effective way for young children to learn ______ language. But there can be______ problem when children in _______United States begin to learn another language at such ______early age. Not many elementary schools continue the effort as the children get older. Only seven of the fifty states require schools to teach a foreign language to students between the ages of six and twelve. Language experts say it is easier for younger children to learn a language. Still, American schools generally do not begin to teach foreign languages until secondary school. By then, students are about thirteen years old. American schools face difficult choices about the cost of educational programs. The federal government has increased support for foreign language study in its education law called No Child Left Behind. At _____ college level, the Modern Language Association says more students than ever are studying foreign languages. The group recently announced its findings for _____ period from 1998 until 2002. _____ number of students who studied foreign languages in American colleges and universities increased by seventeen percent. Spanish is the most widely taught language in American colleges and universities. Other popular languages include French, German, Japanese, Chinese and Italian. The Modern Language Association says more languages are being studied now than in the past. It says the largest growth since nineteen-ninety-eight has been in the study of American Sign Language, Arabic and biblical Hebrew. The association says about nine percent of college students in the United States study foreign languages. That is the highest level since nineteen-seventy-two.

1. The 2. The 3. The

4. a 5. a 6.the 7. an 8. The 9. the 10. The

一、对于冠词的讲解 1、冠词的用法 冠词是虚词,本身不能单独使用,也没有词义,它用在名词的前面,帮助指明名 词的含义。英语中的冠词有三种,一种是定冠词(the Definite Article) ,另一种 是不定冠词(the Indefinite Article) ,还有一种是零冠词(Zero Article) 。 不定冠词 a (an)与数词 one 同源,是"一个"的意思。a 用于辅音音素前,一般读 作[e],而 an 则用于元音音素前,一般读做[en]。 例如:an early age 1) 表示"一个",意为 one;指某人或某物,意为 a certain。 A Mr. Ling is waiting for you. 2) 代表一类人或物。 Some experts say immersion programs are the most effective way for young children to learn a language. 3) 词组或成语。 a little / a few / as a rule / in a hurry / 2、定冠词的用法 定冠词 the 与指示代词 this,that 同源,有"那(这)个"的意思,但较弱,可以和 一个名词连用,来表示某个或某些特定的人或东西。 1)特指双方都明白的人或物: Children in immersion programs hear only the new language in the classroom. 2)上文提到过的人或事: The association says about nine percent of college students in the United States study foreign languages. 3)指世上独一物二的事物: the sun,the sky,the moon,the earth 4)单数名词连用表示一类事物,如:the dollar 美元; the fox 狐狸; 与形容词或分词连用,表示一类人:the rich 富人; the living 生者。 5)用在序数词和形容词最高级,及形容词 only,very,same 等前面: That's the very thing I've been looking for. 那正是我要找的东西。 That is the highest level since 1972. 6)与复数名词连用,指整个群体: The children play games, sing songs and talk to one another in the new language.

7)表示所有,相当于物主代词,用在表示身体部位的名词前: She caught me by the arm.. 她抓住了我的手臂。 8)用在某些由普通名词构成的国家名称、机关团体、阶级、等专有名词前: the United States 美国 the Modern Language Associations 9)用在表示乐器的名词之前: She plays the piano. 她会弹钢琴。 10) 用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表示一家人: the Greens 格林一家人 (或格林夫妇) 11) 用在惯用语中: in the morning (afternoon, evening), the day after tomorrow the day before yesterday, the next morning, 3、零冠词的用法 1) 国名,人名前通常不用定冠词:England,Mary; 2)泛指的复数名词,表示一类人或事物时,可不用定冠词; They are teachers. 他们是教师。 3)抽象名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词; Failure is the mother of success. 失败乃成功之母。 4)物质名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词,当表示特定的意思时,需要加 定冠词; The children play games, sing songs 5)在季节、月份、节日、 假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前,不加冠词; We go to school from Monday to Friday. 我们从星期一到星期五都上课。 6)在称呼或表示官衔,职位的名词前不加冠词; The guards took the American to General Lee. 士兵们把这个美国人送到李将军那 里。 7)在三餐、球类运动和娱乐运动的名称前,不加冠词 如:have breakfast,play chess 8)当两个或两个以上名词并用时,常省去冠词; I can't write without pen or pencil.没有钢笔和铅笔,我就写不了字。 9)当 by 与火车等交通工具连用,表示一种方式时,中间无冠词;by bus,by train; 10)不用冠词的序数词: a. 序数词前有物主代词 It’s my first car.

b. 序数词作副词

He came first in the race.

c. 在固定词组中 at (the) first, first of all, from first to last 4 、冠词与形容词+名词结构 1) 两个形容词都有冠词,表示两个不同东西。 He raises a black and a white cat. 他养了一只黑猫和一只白猫。 2) 如后一个形容词无冠词,则指一物。 He raises a black and white cat. 他养了一只花猫。 5 、冠词位置 1) 不定冠词位置 不定冠词常位于名词或名词修饰语前。注意: a. 位于下列形容词之后:such,what,many,half, I have never seen such an animal. What a beautiful picture it is! b. 当名词前的形容词被副词 as, so, too, how, however, enough 修饰时,不定冠词 应放在形容词之后: It is as pleasant a day as I have ever spent. So short a time. Too long a distance. c. 在 as,though 引导的让步状语从句中,当标语为形容词修饰的名词时,不 定冠词放形容词后: Brave a man though he is,he trembles at the sight of snakes. 他尽管勇敢,可见到 蛇还是发抖。 2) 定冠词位置 定冠词通常位于名词或名词修饰语前, 但放在 all, both, double, half, twice, three times 等词之后,名词之前。 All the students in the class went out. 班里的所有学生都出去了。


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