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英语图表作文基本写作思路(2014-5-1)


图表作文基本写作思路
图表作文不像其他作文一样题干会给出提纲,我们需要看图来寻找信息确定文章写作思路,这无形中 又增加了难度, 尽管图表作文与一般作文有很大不同, 但是基本的写作思路还是可以归结为以下三个步骤。 简要描绘图画直观内容 写好图表作文的第一步就是要把自己眼睛直观看到的图画内容简单的描述出来,这点在题干中也有强 调。如果考生英语水平一般,无法组织好自己的语言,在对图画内容进行描述时,可以饮用图画中人物的 对话。此外,这一段的描述简要描述即可,不用发散和深挖。这样一来,如果考生没看懂图画内容也可以 照抄题干。 阐明观点并深层探讨 图画作文的观点一般在题干中都会清楚地给出来,考生在写作中除了需要看懂图画中的对话还要仔细审清 题干,在写作过程中,考生阐明观点之后的思路与一般的六级英语作文提纲型写作一致,针对作文的观点 可以先举例说明现象、然后再探讨导致现象的原因以及该现象可能导致的后果等;还可结合数字、研究、 名言等材料对这个观点进行论证和深层探讨。总之,这一段就是要考生来发散和深挖内容。 总结陈述观点并给出合理建议 跟一般的提纲作文一样,图画作文的最后也要对全文进行观点总结,考生还要根据不同的图画内容和 主题给出相应的建议或者评价,这一点有点类似解决问题型的作文结尾。对于第三部分的写作,考生一般 都很熟悉,无论哪种作文,除了书信体以外,作文结尾一段都会要求考生给出自己的观点或意见,图画类 的也一样。

图表作文
这类作文时,注意以下几点: 第一, 审题时,除了要把握好图表的表层信息外, 还要分析图标的深层含义,如原因、根源、可能 的发展趋势等。图表中所提供的说明文字往往是问题的切入点,一定要仔细分析。 第二, 描述数据时要抓住重点,为中心服务,不必面面俱到,切忌毫无目的地罗列图表中的数据。 如果数据较多,抓住图表中的极端点(如最大或最小、最多或最少,最好或最差)和基本相同进行描述。 第三, 主题句应明确,最好放在文章的开头,这样会使重点突出,主题明了。 常见模板 第一段:总体描述图表,指明时间段,指出突出变化或不同 常用句型或短语: As is clearly shown in the char/ table/graph, ___________. According to the figures given in the table/chart/graph, ____________ It can be seen from the table/chart/graph, _____________________. The figures in the table/chart reflect that ________________. especially, ________________(指出突出变化) 第二段: (分析原因) There are several factors leading to this change / difference … … .. There are several reasons for _____________.(引出原因) To begin with, _______(原因一) . In addition, ______________(原因二)For example, _________(举例说明) Last but not the least, __________(原因三) To sum up——————— ———————(简要总结) 第三段:自己的观点 As for me, ____________ On the one hand, ________ on the other, ____ In brief,_____________________. 数据变化常用句型 表示逐句增长 The number of …. has grown steadily from … to…..in 2009. has risen from …. shows a tendency to increase climbed went sharply up soared tends to go up b/ increase There was a rapid / sharp / dramatic / gradual / slow increase / rise in the number of …. who….. The number of ….
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is on the rise / increase. The increase of …. has reached to …. 表示数据降低 The number of … dropped steadily from … to …in 2008. declined suddenly fell tends to go down tendency to fall shows a tendency to decrease There was a sharp fall …. in the number of … in 2008. gradual decrease sudden reduction slow decline drop 参考范文(1) Student Use of Computers As is clearly shown in the chart, the number of hours students spent on computers increased from two to four hours per week from 1990 to 1995. Especially, the number rose to about 14 hour per week in 2002. There are three factors leading to the change. To begin with, the price of computers is getting much lower than before so that many students can afford it. In addition, it is very convenient for us to study with the help of computers. For example, e-mails enable us to keep in touch with our teachers and friends. Last but not least, with fast development of the modern society, a computer has become a must for many people. To sum up, low price, convenience and wide use contribute to the increase in the use of computers. As for me, student use of computers is a double-edged sword. On the one hand, it is a good helper in searching for information, drawing pictures, etc. One the other hand, various computer games might distract students from their studies. In brief, computers can serve us well if they are used in the right way. 参考范文(2) Student Use of Computers As is clearly shown in the chart, the average number of hours a student spent on computers increased from two to four hours per week from 1990 to 1995. Especially, the number reached approximately 14 hour per week in 2002. Why are there such great changes during these days? There are three factors leading to this phenomenon. Firstly, because of the sharp decline in the price of computers, most college students can afford one. Secondly, the Internet provides access to various kinds of information students are interested in. Finally, playing computer games or surfing online is relaxing. To sum up, low price, easy access to information and wide use make students use computers a lot. As for me, computers do bring convenience to students; however, it is no good fro students to spend too much time chatting online or playing computer games. In brief, in spite of the problems concerning the use of computers, we can’t deny that computers are of more merits than defects. 参考范文(3) Student Use of Computers Using computers has become a common part of people’s life. And the tremendous growth of student use of computers has always aroused the greatest concern. What impresses us most is the number of hours students spend on computers. In 2002, they spend as many as 14 hours per week on computers. The reasons why computers as widely used are varied. Among them, the decreasing price of PC plays an important part. What’s more, the Internet provides college students an amazing world to explore. For example, they can get the latest news and make friends conveniently around the world. Whey talking about the disadvantages and problems existing in student use of computers, I think that their lack of skills and discipline is what should be paid attention to. On the one hand, the lack of skills fails students to make good use of the computer and the Internet. On the other hand, their lack of necessary discipline makes some
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students indulge in computer games and the net world, forgetting their major tasks as college students. In brief, there is still a lot to do to help students make good use of computers. 参考范文(4) Student Use of Computers Reading this chart, we can find that the average number of hours students spend on computers per week has increased sharply. In 1990, it was less than two hours; in 1995, it increased to almost four hours; and in 2005, the number soared to 14 hours per week. There are several reasons for this phenomenon. First, computers provide facilities for us in many aspects of life. In addition, the fast development of the Internet contributes to our increasing demand for computers. We can easily contact friends in faraway places through the Internet. Besides, the prices of computers are getting lower and lower, which enables us to purchase them. However, there are still some problems. For example, computers may crash from time to time because of viruses transmitted through the Internet. And how to balance the time between using computers and studying is also a serious problem. Anyway, we will benefit a lot from computers as long as we use them properly.

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