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2017-2018学年高中英语 Unit 2 English around the world单元质

Unit 2 English around the world

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节(共 5 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 7.5 分) 导学号 26774136

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳

选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话

仅读一遍。

1.What are the speakers talking about? A

A.Housing.

B.Story telling.

C.Number counting.

2.At what time may the man arrive in Boston? B

A.About 9:25.

B.About 11:45.

C.About 12:00.

3.How much is it to rent a mountain bike a day? B

A.10 yuan.

B.20 yuan.

C.50 yuan.

4.When does the train arrive in Washington? C

A.At 9:26.

B.At 11:30.

C.At 11:50.

5.What is the original price of the glasses? C

A.90.

B.180.

C.360.

第二节(共 15 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选

项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完

后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 导学号 26774137

6.How much money does the man want to borrow? B

A.$ 25,000.

B.$ 50,000.

7.How much does the man's wife earn? A

A.$12,500.

B.$15,000.

C.$ 75,000. C.$17,500.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。 导学号 26774138

8.How much did the man tip the bellboy? A

A.$3.

B.$5.

9.Where were the speakers now? C

A.In Cameroon.

B.In Europe.

C.$20. C.In California.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 导学号 26774139

10.Why does the woman want to go to the library? C

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A.To return some books.

B.To find some test papers.

C.To borrow some new books.

11.When does the library close? C

A.At 9:00.

B.At 9:40.

12.How long does the conversation last? A

A.10 minutes.

B.20 minutes.

C.At 10: 00. C.30 minutes.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 导学号 26774140

13.What are the speakers doing? A

A.Having an interview.

B.Talking about jobs.

C.Studying at the university.

14.How many days does the woman's work cover each week? B

A.Two.

B.Three.

C.Four.

15.When is it now? A

A.In April.

B.In May.

C.In June.

16.What do we know about the woman? C

A.Her last job doesn't provide enough time for work.

B.She works for the restaurant for free.

C.She wants to improve herself.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 导学号 26774141

17.When did Rose begin to look for work? B

A.At 17.

B.At 18.

C.At 19.

18.Where did Rose live now? C

A.At the company.

B.At the college.

C . At her parents'

house.

19.Why did Rose choose one of the offices? B

A.It offered her a higher salary.

B.It was near her parents' house.

C.It had more free time.

20.How much will Rose earn per day after three months? B

A.27 pounds.

B.30 pounds.

C.57 pounds.

听力原文

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Text 1 M:Do you prefer a one?story or two?story house? W:How about one?story? There are no stairs to climb. Text 2 M:What time does the train for Boston leave? W:9:25 on Track 12. M: When does it arrive? W:It should be there at 11:45,but it may be a little late. Text 3 M:Here's a bike rental store. W:Yeah,do you want to rent one?
M:How much is it to rent one? W:It's 10 yuan per day for a standard bike,20 yuan for a mountain bike and 50 yuan for a tandem. Text 4 W:What time's the next train to Washington? M:That's 9:26. W:When does it get there? M:It's scheduled to arrive at 11:50. W:How much is it? M:I It's $ 30 one way or $ 55 round trip. Text 5 W:Welcome! Please have a look at our selection of sunglasses. M:OK. I think these brown ones are great. W:Brown?tinted glasses offer great protection from the sun. M:And they totally go with my face.How much is this pair? W:We're offering a 50% discount for this pair,so the total price will only be 180 yuan. M:OK,I'll take them. Text 6 W:Good morning. I'm the manager. How can I help you? M:We'd like to apply for a mortgage. W: Have you found a property you're interested in? M: Yes, we have.
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W: How much would you like to borrow? M:Well,the property is $ 75,000, but we have a deposit of $ 25,000. W:So you need a $ 50,000 loan. Do you have an account with this bank? M:Yes,we both have accounts here. I've had my account for over fifteen years. W: How much do you both earn? M:I earn $15,000 a year and my wife earns $ 12,500. W:That's fine. Now would you like to complete this form... Text 7 W:Did you tip the bellboy? M:Yes,but I don't think it was enough. He looked disappointed. I gave him three dollars. W:That sounds about right to me, fifty cents a bag. If they think you don't know better, they'll try to get more. M:It's the same in Cameroon. But I definitely think we over?tipped the cab driver. The fare was twenty dollars,and you gave him a five?dollar tip. That's twenty?five percent of the total! Too much! W:I disagree. He was polite and informative, and he drove smoothly. One should reward good service. M:I'll sign for the dinner and charge it to our room. Let's see. The bill is one hundred dollars. That seems reasonable. How much tip should I leave? W:Remember last month when we were in Europe? Maybe Californians use that same system——they add the waiter or waitress into the bill, so you don't have to leave anything extra. Text 8 W:What time is it now? M:It is half past nine. W:It is said that our library has got some new books. I want to go and have a look. Do you think I'll have enough time to get there before it closes? M:I can't tell. What time does it close? W: 10 o'clock. M:Can you make it in half an hour? Anyhow it's not far from here. By the way, can you return some books for me? W:OK,no problem! Do you know what the new books are about? I need some books about English writing for my term paper.
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M:I heard that most of the new books are about English grammar and writing. All of them are the latest publications. I am sure there are some you need.
W:That's great. Oh,it's already 9:40. There are onty 20 minutes left. I'd better get going. See you!
M: See you ! Text 9 M:You're interested in the job as a waitress. W:That's right. I saw your sign at the window,asking for a part?time waitress. M: Um,have you worked as a waitress before? W : Yes , I've worked as a waitress for three years at several different restaurants. M:I see. Are you working now? W:Yes,at the King Hotel dining room on Dart Avenue. M:They have a nice dining room there. Why do you want to leave? W:Because I can't work full time at the moment. I'm taking some courses at the university. I need more time for study. M:I see. What days are you available? W:I'm free on Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday. M:That suits us very well, actually. We are looking for someone who can help us late in the week when we get busy. That's Thursday afternoon,Friday afternoon and evening,as well as all day Saturday. The restaurant is closed on Sunday. W:That's fine with me. M:When can you start? W:Is the first of next month all right with you? M:That's fine. The first of May. That's good. By the way, you'll get one dollar eighty cents an hour, with tips of course. W:Good. Thank you very much. Text 10 M:Rose left school when she was seventeen and went to a college for a year to learn to type. She passed her examinations quite well and then went to look for work. She was still living with her parents. A lot of people were looking for typists at that time,so it was not difficult to find interesting work. Rose went to several offices, and then chose one of them. It was near her parents' house. She thought, I'll walk there every morning. I won't
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need to go by bus. She went to the office again and said to the manager,“I want to work here,
but what will you pay me per day?” “We'll pay you 27 pounds now,” the manager answered, and 30 pounds after three months.
Rose thought for a few seconds before she answered. Then she said, “All right, then I'll start in three months' time.”
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
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American and British people both speak English of course. But sometimes it does not seem like the same language. In fact, there are some important differences between British English and American English.
First of all, they sound very different. Often, Americans don't say each word separately. They say several words together. Americans may say “I dunno” instead of “I don't know”. However, the British are more careful on their speech. They usually say all the words and keep them separate.
Also, some letters have different sounds. For example, the Americans say the “a” in half like the “a” in cat. But the British say the “a” in half like the “o” in soft.
Sound is not the only difference between British English and American English. Words sometimes have different meanings too. Some American words are never used in England. The same thing is true of some British words in America. For example, the vocabulary for cars and driving is very different. Americans drive trucks, but in England they drive lorries.
Many expressions are also different in the two countries. In England, if you are going to telephone friends, you “ring them up”. In America you “give them a call”.
There are also sometimes differences in grammar. For example, Americans usually use the helping verb “do” when they ask a question. They say “Do you have class today?”But the British often leave out the helping verb. They say “Have you class today?”
All these differences can be confusing if you are learning English. But most
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languages are like this. Languages change over time. When people live in separate places, the languages change in different ways. This is what happened to English. It can also happen to other languages, such as French. Many people in Canada speak French but their French is very different from the French of France.
文章大意:本文介绍了美式英语与英式英语的不同点。 21.Compared to the British, Americans are usually B . A.more careful about saying words B.less careful about saying words C.easier to understand D.slower speakers 解析:细节判断题。由文章第二段的第二句“Often, Americans don't say each word separately.”可以直接得出答案为 B 项。 22.Some letters in English B . A.always sound the same B.have different sounds in the US and England C.don't change D.have an unusual sound 解析:细节判断题。由第三段首句可得出正确答案为 B 项。 23.The vocabulary for cars and driving is B . A.an example of British English B.different in the US and England C.an example of modern technology D.the same in the US and England 解析:细节判断题。由文章第四段的最后两句可知。
B
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Sometimes it is difficult to talk to taxi drivers. They must give all their attention to the road as they work out the shortest way to the place where you are going. However, passengers from Wangfujing were in surprise when they took a taxi. The driver just would not stop talking—in English.
Organized by the Cultural and Education Section of the British Embassy, “Dare to Speak” examines if Chinese people will speak English in “real?life” situations.
Matthew Knowles, an acting student from South Carolina at Beijing Film Academy,
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acted the part as the “driver”. He collected six passengers on Saturday morning,

most of whom were female white?collar (白领)workers.

“Of course they were surprised at first, wondering why I'm driving a taxi, and

wondering whether this is a real taxi, but then most of them were pretty willing

to speak,” he said. Knowles said he was also surprised by his “passengers”.

“Apart from my first ‘passenger’, who could speak very little English, all the

rest spoke English very well, and it was fun to communicate with them,” he said,

adding that some “passengers” were quite talkative.

The “foreign taxi driver” project was just one of the “Dare to Speak”

activities, which have been going on since the end of October. Other projects

included a foreign store owner near a high school in Beijing, a cook in a Shanghai

university canteen. They were testing the willingness of Chinese people, especially

students and white?collar workers, to speak to foreigners in English.

Rong Xin, senior manager of IELTS (雅思) with the British Embassy, said they

hoped to let IELTS takers in China know that communication is the ultimate goal of

IELTS.

“We hope that more and more IELTS takers in China can realize the importance

of communicating in English in real life, instead of just getting high test scores,”

she said.

文章大意:本文是一篇小品文,主要介绍了英国驻华大使馆所举行的一个活动:敢于说

英语。

24.Why did Matthew Knowles drive a taxi? A

A.He took part in the project “Dare to speak”.

B.He played the role of a taxi driver in a film.

C.He enjoyed chatting with people in English.

D.He wanted to improve his Chinese while driving.

解析:推理判断题。根据第二段和第三段的整体理解,可推知 Matthew Knowles 开出租

是因为他参与了这项“敢开口说英语”的活动,故答案 A 符合文意。

25. The Chinese may meet and talk to B in “Dare to speak” projects.

A.a white?collar worker

B.a foreign store owner

C.a restaurant manager

D.a high school student

解析:推理判断题。根据第二段:“Dare to Speak” examines if Chinese people will

speak English in “real?life” situations.可推知,在这项活动中中国人会遇到外国人,

从而有机会说英语,故答案 B 符合文意。

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26. The underlined word “ultimate” is closest in meaning to D .

A.most difficult

B.most common

C.most famous

D.most important

解析:词义猜测题。根据最后一段的整体理解并结合生活常识可知,学习语言的最终目

的是为了交流,无论是书面的还是口头,而不是所谓的考试,考试只是一种检验语言掌握水

平的方式而已,由此可推知答案 D 符合文意。

27. The purpose of the project “Dare to Speak” is to C .

A.attract more foreigners to start business in China

B.draw Chinese people's attention to IELT

C.remind language learners of the goal of learning

D.give more chances for English learners in China

解析:目的意图题。根据第二段:“Dare to Speak” examines if Chinese people will

speak English in “real?life” situations.这个活动的主旨和最后一段的呼应,可推知

答案 C 符合文意。

C

导学号 26774144

I was in a strange city I didn't know at all, and what's more, I could not speak a word of the language. On my second day I got on the first bus that passed, rode on it for several stops, then got off and walked on. The first two hours passed pleasantly enough, then I decided to turn back to my hotel for lunch. After walking about for some time, I decided I had better ask the way. The trouble was that the only word I knew of the language was the name of the street in which I lived, and even that I pronounced badly. I stopped to ask a newspaper?seller. He handed me a paper. I shook my head and repeated the name of the street and he put the paper into my hands. I had to give him some money and went on my way. The next person I asked was a policeman. He listened to me carefully, nodded and gently took me by the arm. There was a strange look in his eyes as he pointed left and right and left again. I nodded politely and began walking in the direction he pointed.
About an hour passed and I noticed that the houses were getting fewer and fewer and green fields were appearing on either side of me. I had come all the way into the countryside. The only thing left for me to do was find the nearest railway station.
文章大意:本文讲述了作者来到一个新的城市,不懂对方的语言,结果迷路的故事。 28.The writer preferred to walk back to his hotel because C .

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A.he had no money to buy a ticket B.he wanted to lose himself in the city C.he tried to know the city in this way D.it was late and there were no buses passing by 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段前四句 I was in a strange city I didn't know at all, and what's more, I could not speak a word of the language. On my second day I got on the first bus that passed, rode on it for several stops, then got off and walked on. The first two hours passed pleasantly enough, then I decided to turn back to my hotel for lunch. After walking about for some time 可知作者在这个陌生的城市里, 想多了解这个城市的有关信息,才这样做的。故 C 正确。 29.From the story we know that the policeman A . A.was kind but didn't understand the writer B.told the writer where to take a train C.knew what the writer really meant D.was cold?hearted and didn't help the writer 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段的 The next person I asked was a policeman. He listened to me carefully, nodded and gently took me by the arm.和第二段的 About an hour passed and I noticed that the houses were getting fewer and fewer and green fields were appearing on either side of me. I had come all the way into the countryside. 可知实际上这个警察并不能听懂作者的话,但是他很有礼貌,故 A 正确。 30.What can we learn from the last paragraph? C A.The writer got close to the hotel where he stayed. B.The writer got to the hotel with the policeman's help. C.The writer found he was much farther away from the hotel. D.The writer found the hotel in the direction the policeman pointed. 解析:细节理解题。根据文章最后一段 About an hour passed and I noticed that the houses were getting fewer and fewer and green fields were appearing on either side of me. I had come all the way into the countryside. The only thing left for me to do was find the nearest railway station.作者已经走到了乡下去了,可知他离自己的宾 馆肯定远了。故 C 正确。 31.In your opinion, what was the writer's real trouble? B A.He didn't know the city at all. B.He couldn't speak the language. C.He went too far in the wrong bus.
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D.He followed the policeman's direction. 解析:细节理解题。从作者开始问路开始,别人都不懂他所说的内容,可知他最大的麻 烦是语言。故 B 正确。
D (2017·四川雅安中学高一上学期第一次月考)

导学号 26774145

Every people uses its own special word to show its ideas and feelings. Some of

these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a

short time. One such American expression is “Where's the beef?” It is used when

something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s “Where's the beef?”

was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone

was using it at the time.

Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow, and food is more popular in America

than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s a businessman named Ray began building

small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Ray called this “McDonald's”.

Ray became one of the richest businessmen at last in America.

Other business people watched his success. Some of them opened their own

hamburger restaurants. One company called “Wendy's” said its hamburgers were

bigger than those sold by McDonald's or anyone else. The Wendy's Company began to

use the expression “Where's the beef?” to make people know that Wendy's hamburgers

were the biggest. The Wendy's television advertisement showed three old women eating

hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only

a bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little

piece of beef. “Where's the beef?” she shouted in a funny way. The advertisement

for Wendy's hamburger restaurants was success. As we said, it seemed everyone began

using the expression “Where's the beef?”.

文章大意:本文主要介绍了“Where's the beef?”这个表达的来历和意义。

32. A started McDonald's restaurant.

A.Ray

B.McDonald

C.Wendy

D.Three old women

解析:细节理解题。根据第二段中的“In the 1960s a businessman named Ray began

building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price.Ray called this

'McDonald's'.”可知,Ray 创立了 McDonald's,故 A 项正确。

33.Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because they thought

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D. A.they could sell hamburgers at a low price
B.hamburgers were easy to make C.beef was very popular in America
D.they could make a lot of money 解 析 : 细 节 理 解 题 。 根 据 第 二 段 中 的 “Other business people watched his success.Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants.”可知,其他的商人目 睹了 Ray 的成功后也想开店赚钱,故 D 项正确。 34.Wendy's made the expression known to everybody B . A.with many old women eating hamburgers B.by a television advertisement C.while selling bread with a bit of meat in it D.at the McDonald's restaurant 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段中的“The Wendy's television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers.”可知,Wendy's 通过电视广告为自己宣传,故 B 项 正确。 35.We can learn from the passage that the expression “Where's the beef?” means C .
A.The beef in hamburgers is not as much as it is said to be B.The hamburgers are not as good as they are said to be C.It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be D.Wendy's is the biggest 解析:细节理解题。根据第一段中的“It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be.”可知,“Where's the beef?”被用来表达一件东西没有像说的那么 好,故 C 项正确。
第二节(共 5 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 导学号 26774146
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。
(2017·张家界市高一上学期期末) Here are some tips on listening. 36.C Relax yourself
37.F You need to relax.This will help you with your listening. Listen carefully to the first sentence The first sentence tells a lot about the whole passage. For example, if,at the
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beginning, you hear “Many shops in many parts of China have decided to take away all kinds of Japanese goods off their shelves, but some people say it's not a good idea. Our reporter says…”, 38.G .
Think when you're listening 39.D For example, you can think of the following questions:What happened?
When,where and how? What was the result and what did the speaker want to tell us? In this way, you may understand the passage better.
40.A It's important for you to remember some important facts. For example, if the passage is a science report, you should try to remember its findings, and how the scientists got their results. This is also helpful to your listening. A.Listen to important facts B.Pay attention to key words C.Maybe they can help you in one way or another D.When you're listening, try to do some thinking E.This is especially helpful to improve your listening skills F.Before you start listening to something, don't get excited or nervous G.you know you will hear a piece of news, not a children's story, or a science report 解析: 36.考查上下文联系。根据前文,Here are some tips on listening 可知本文后面主 要介绍了几种有助于听力的方法,而选项 C 意为“可能其中的某一种或者另一种会对你有帮 助”,符合语境,故选 C。 37.考查上下文联系。根据后文,You need to relax,联系实际可知,首先要放轻松 然后再听,而选项 F 意为“在听以前要做一些事情是自己不那么兴奋或者紧张”,符合题意, 故选 F。 38.考查上下文联系,根据前文的例子可知道,我们在听的时候听的是一个新闻,而不 是一个故事,新闻的特点就是开头有总起句,而选项 G 意为“你记住你将要听得是一篇新闻 而不是一个儿童故事或者科学报道”,故选 G。 39.考查上下文联系。根据后文,you can think of the following questions,可知 在听的时候也要动脑经思考一下听到的东西,而选项 D 意为“当你在听的时候尝试着去做一 些思考”,符合语境,故选 D。 40.考查上下文联系。根据文中,It's important for you to remember some important facts,可知在听的时候记住重要的东西这个很关键,而选项 A 意为“听重要的事实”,符
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合语境,故选 A。 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节;满分 45 分)

第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 导学号 26774147

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白

处的最佳选项。

The English language is different from any other language. Yet English words

do not stay the 41.D The language is always 42.C . We need 43.B words

for new inventions and new 44.A . Different words come into 45.B ,or older

words are used in a new 46.A .

English can change by 47.A words from other languages. Tomato was borrowed

48.B Mexico and pajamas from India. The word coffee 49.A from Turkey, and tea

came from China. Now new space and science words are being borrowed from other

countries, 50.C .

New words are also made 51.D adding two words together. Strawberry, popcorn,

and grandfather are words made up of 52.C parts. Sometimes new words are 53.A

forms of older words. The word photo was made from photograph by cutting off the

54.B of the longer word. Plane was made by cutting off the 55.C part of

airplane. Smog was made by using only the first two and last two 56.B from the

words smoke and fog.

The 57.D of people and products 58.A become new words. Our sandwich,

was named 59.B a man named Sandwich. Scotch Tape, Band?aid, and Jello were names

made up by the companies that first 60.C the products.

文章大意:本文叙述的是英语不同于其他任何一种语言,它不是一成不变的,其中很多

单词来自其他语言。

41.A.old

B.place

C.past

D.same

解析:通过第二段的提示 English can change...以及第二、三、四段的内容可知,英

语词汇不是一成不变的。

42.A.adding

B.making

C.changing

D.borrowing

解析:由文章的第二、三、四段内容以及前一句的提示可以看出,语言是一直在变化的。

43.A.many

B.new

C.mixed

D.difficult

解析:由该句中的 new inventions and new...可以看出,当新发明出现时,需要新的

14 最新K12资料

词汇对它进行命名。

44.A.ideas

B.opinions

C.points

D.expressions

解析:该空与前面的 inventions 相对应。当新发明、新想法出现时,要有新的词汇与

之相对应。

45.A.books

B.use

C.life

D.science

解析:come into use 为固定短语,意为“开始被使用”。

46.A.way

B.manner

C.grammar

D.thought

解析:语言的发展赋予原有的词汇新的含义。in a new way 指“用一种新的方式”。

47.A.borrowing

B.lending

C.moving

D.sucking

解析:由下文的提示“Tomato was borrowed...”可以看出,有的英语词汇是从其他语

言借鉴而来的。

48.A.in

B.from

C.to

D.between

解析:由下文的 from India 可以看出,“Tomato”借自墨西哥的语言。

49.A.came

B.borrowed

C.went

D.brought

解析:由后文的 came from China 可以看出该空答案为 came。come from 意为“来自”。

50.A.either

B.yet

C.too

D.already

解析:由空格所在句可以看出,与太空和科学相关的新词汇也正在借鉴他国语言。too

表示“也”时可用逗号将其与句子的其他部分隔开。

51.A.with

B.from

C.through

D.by

解析:by 表示“通过某种方式”,符合该句语意。

52.A.seven

B.eleven

C.two

D.ten

解析:根据该句中所给的合成词可以看出,这些词都是由两个词汇构成的。

53.A.shorter

B.simple

C.easier

D.proper

解析:由后文所举的例子 photo 是 photograph 的简写形式可以看出,有的新词汇是旧

15 最新K12资料

词汇缩短而来的。

54.A.beginning

B.end

C.middle

D.bottom

解析:photo 是将 photograph 的后半部分去掉后形成的新词。the end of 指“……的

末尾”。

55.A.back

B.behind

C.front

D.above

解析:plane 是将 airplane 的前半部分去掉后形成的。

56.A.parts

B.letters

C.words

D.sounds

解析:smog 是由 smoke 的前两个字母和 fog 的后两个字母组合而成,故该空选 letters。

57.A.spelling

B.characters

C.addresses

D.names

解析:后文讲述的是各种产品的名称,故该空应选择 names。

58.A.can

B.might

C.should

D.must

解析:由后文 sandwich 的名字来自人名 Sandwich 可以看出,人名也可以成为新词。

59.A.to

B.after

C.by

D.on

解析:be named after 为固定搭配,表示“以……命名”。

60.A.did

B.got

C.made

D.invented

解析:that 引导的定语从句修饰 the companies,而公司与这些产品的关系应该是“生

产”,即该句中所提到的产品的名字均来自制造这些产品的公司。

第二节:(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 导学号 26774148

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Learning begins with listening. Some linguists say children are greatly different 61.in the amount of listening that they do before they start speaking, and later starters are often long listeners. Most 62.children will “obey” spoken instructions some time before they can speak, though the word“obey” is hardly accurate as 63.a description of the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the children. Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gestures and by making questioning noises. Any attempt 64.to study (study) the development from the noises babies make

16 最新K12资料

to their first spoken words leads to 65.considerable (consider) difficulties. It is agreed that they enjoy making noises, and that during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves as 66.particularly (particular) expressive as delight, pain, friendliness, and so on. 67.But since these can't be said to show the baby's intention to communicate, they can hardly be regarded as early forms of language. It is agreed, too, that from about three months they play with sounds for enjoyment, and that by six months they are able to add new words to 68.their store. This self?imitation( 自 我 模 仿 ) 69.contributes (contribute) to deliberate imitation of sounds or words spoken to them by other people. The problem then arises to the point at 70.which one can say that these imitations can be considered as speech.
第四部分:写作(满分 35 分)

第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 导学号 26774149

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有

10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

One of the difficulty for foreign students in American universities is taking

notes while listen to lectures. These notes are later used to studying for exams.

If the notes aren't well, it will be hard for the students to prepare for the exams.

But it is not easy take good notes. If you are try to write every word the professor

say, you can't keep pace with the lecture. That you should learn is how to set down

only the most important words, not whole sentences. Words such like nouns and verbs

are most important. Remembering that you need information, not sentences.

答案:

One of the difficulty for foreign students in American universities is taking difficulties

notes while listen to lectures. These notes are later used to studying for exams.

listening

study

If the notes aren't well, it will be hard for the students to prepare for the exams. good

But it is not easy ∧ take good notes. If you are try to write every word the professor to

17 最新K12资料

say , you can't keep pace with the lecture. That you should learn is how to set

says

What

down only the most important words, not whole sentences. Words such like nouns and as

verbs are most important. Remembering that you need information, not sentences. Remember

第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 导学号 26774150

(2017·福建省四地六校上学期第一次月考) 高一学生李华学习英语遇上了困难,写信向 Miss Wang 寻求学好英语的学习方法;假如 你是 Miss Wang,请给李华写一封回信,要求包含以下内容:
1. 要有自信心 (confidence); 2. 多记一些惯用词组(set phrases)和句型结构(sentence structures),把它们组织 在一起造句; 3. 大量阅读可以提高写作水平; 4. 多背诵一些好的短文; 5. 写日记是提高写作的好方法; 6. 要经常练习。 要求: 1.至少写出五项内容; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数; 3.不要逐字逐条翻译,可以适当增加细节,词数 100 左右。 Dear Li Hua, I have received your letter and I'm glad to give you some suggestions.

Yours, Miss Wang 答案: Dear Li Hua, I have received your letter and I'm glad to give you some suggestions. First of all, don't be disappointed. Many students find it difficult to write well. In my opinion, if you want to improve your writing, you can do several things.
18 最新K12资料

To begin with, do some study with set phrases and sentence structures. Keep a list of them and make some sentences with them. And, in order to write well, you must learn to read much, which will contribute to building your vocabulary and help to better your writing skills. Besides, you'd better recite some good passages, where you can enjoy many beautiful sentences and learn some useful expressions. What's more, keeping a diary is an effective way. You can have a try without delay and it's necessary to practise writing as often as possible.
I hope you can follow these suggestions and make progress. Yours,
Miss Wang
19 最新K12资料


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