2014-2015 学年高中英语同步【励志】测试题【2】【答案】：Unit1（人教新课标必修 4）
Unit 1 Women of achievement 单元测试
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 21. The beef which _______ now is for the dinner party. A.is being cooked B.is cooked C.has been cooked cooking 22. The story book, _____ the cover is broken , is Mary’s. A.of it B.whose C.of which D.for which
23. I will never forget the day _____ I joined the basketball club. A.which B.that C.on which D.in which 24. Sir, you ______ be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only. A. oughtn’t to B. can’t C. won’t D. needn’t 25. I have got the pen , you _______ one for me last night. A.needn’t buy B.mustn’t buy C.needn’t have bought D.must have bought 26. Teachers have a great ____ on students. A.effort B.affect C.afford D.effect 27. He always appreciates ______ others. A.to make fun with B.making fun of C.making fun with D.to make fun of 28. Smoking _____ your health. A.do harm to B.harms to C.is harmful to D.is harmful for 29. Don’t depend on him to do that , ______ he is a little child. A.in all B.above all C.after all D.at all 30. When his parents came in , he pretend _____ . A.reading B.to read C.read D.to be reading 31. The first world war ______ in 1914. A.broke up B.broke out C.broke down D.broke into 32. He has not enough ______ to walk so far. A.power B.force C.strength D.ener gy 33. I want to know ______ she is a nurse.
D.when 34. I can’t understand why he had me _________ for two hours in the rain. A.waiting B.wait C.waited D.to wait 35. — Would you mind my using your telephone? ---________ A.Yes, go ahead B.Of course not, go ahead C.Of course, help yourself D. No, you can’t 36. She _________ down her book and ________ in bed. A.lay; laid B.laid; lay C.lay; lay D.laid; laid 37. No potatoes for me—I’m _______ a diet. A.at B.in C.on D.with 38. Mary can combine music ______ dancing . A.to B.in C.with D.under 39. The little boy _____ the chocolate, wanting to eat it. A.stared at B.glanced at C.looked at D.glared at 40. Peter must be ill. It’s the only thing that can ________ his absence （缺席）. A.lie in B.result from C.account for D.explain about 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） When I was a boy, every holiday I had seemed wonderful. My 41 took me by train or by car to a hotel by the 42 . All day I 43 on the sands（沙滩） with strange 44 children. We made houses and gardens, and 45 the tide（潮汐） destroy them. When the tide went out, we 46 over the rocks and looked down at the fish in the rock-pools. In those days the 47 seemed to shine always brightly 48 the water was always warm. Sometimes we left beach and walked in the country, 49 ruined houses and dark woods and climbing trees. There were where we could 51 50 in one’s pockets or good places ice creams. Each day was very happy.
Although I am now thirty-five years old, my idea of a good 52 is much the same as it was. I 53 like the sun and warm sand and the sound of 54 beating the rocks. I no longer wish to 55 any sand house or sand garden, and I dislike sweets. 56 , I love the sea and often feel sand running through my fingers. Sometimes I 57 what my ideal (理想的) holiday will be like when I am 58 . All I want to do then, perhaps, will be to lie in bed, reading books about 59 who make houses and gardens with sands,60 watch the incoming tide? 41. A. teacher B. parents C. nurse 42. A. sea mountain 43. A. played sat 44. A. moving nervous 45. A. made 46. A. rolled 47. A. light 48. A. and 49. A. exploring measuring 50. A. sweets 51. A. make offer 52. A. house tide 53. A. hardly still 54. A. waves 55. A. destroy build 56. A. But Otherwise 57. A. wonder D. younger sister B. lake C. D. river B. slept C. D. stood B. excited C. angry B. brought B. looked C. watched C. turned D. heard D. climbed D. lamp D. or D. D. money D. D.
B. sun C. moon B. yet C. but B. examining C. repairing B. sand B. sell B. holiday B. almost C. ice-creams C. buy C. garden C.
D. perhaps B. wind C. hands B. fix C. use B. However D. Besides B. feel C.
D. feet D.
58. A. strong
old 59. A. children B. boys C. girls D. grown-ups 60. A. that B. which C. whom who 第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A
There are fifty states in the United States. The largest in population is
California, the largest in area is Alaska. Alaska is the smallest in population and Rhode Island is the smallest in size. The oldest states are the ones along the Atlantic coast. The newest states are Alaska and Hawaii. Alaska is also the coldest state. California and Florida are the warmer. Henry and his family live in Seattle, a big city, on the Pacific coast. But Los Angeles and San Francisco, also on the Pacific coast, are larger than Seattle. Henry's cousin, Susan, lives in New York. It is the largest city in the United States. Thousands of people visit New York each year. The most important city in the United States is Washington, D. C. It is the capital, but it is much smaller than New York. 61.How many states are there in the U. S. A.? A.Five A.California. Angeles. 63.Which of the following is true? A. The oldest states are the ones along the Pacific coast. B. Washington is the most important and the largest city. C. New York is the largest city in the United States. D. Henry's cousin lives in the Seattle. 64.Why is Washington,D. C. the most important American city? Because _________. A. it is the largest city in population C. it is the most beautiful city States B Mrs Black lives in a small village. Her husband is dead. Her son, Jack, lived with her. He worked in a shop in the village, but then he found a job in town named D. it is the capital of the United B. it is the largest B.Forty- Five. C.Fifty D.Fifteen. C.Alaska D.Los 62.Which state is the largest in population? B.Rhode-Island.
Greensea. He went to live there. Mrs Black was very angry. She got on a train and went to see her son. Then she said to him, "Jack, why do you never telephone me?" Jack laughed, "But, mother, you haven't got a telephone. ""No. "she answered, "I haven't, but you have got one. " 65. The old Black ______. A. is dead B. lives with his wife D. worked in a shop C. C. went to a small village A. before after D. so A. a big city A. he had no phone busy C. his mother had no phone C Danny was just tired about the way things were going．His mom came to the school and went on and on about Rick Jackson．It seemed that she would never stop talking．"Somebody's got to stop that boy!" she was shouting．"Rick's troubling everybody in the neighborhood．And he loves to pick on(结交)little boys like Danny．" Mrs.Green, Danny's teacher, was concerned a lot．"I didn't know that Danny was being picked on, " she answered．"He's never said anything about this to me!" Mrs．Green looked at Danny．"How long has this been going on? " she asked．Danny could only shake his head and look at the floor．He knew if he said a word about this, he would have trouble after school． Danny hadn't said anything about the problem because he wanted to do things with the boys in the neighborhood．After all, most of them were nice to him．He hated to leave the gang just because of Rick．Maybe the time had come to find new friends．He felt it hard to make up his mind． 69．We learn from the reading that ______． A．Danny was not a good student B．Danny's mother talked too much about the school C．Danny's teacher knew something about Danny's problem before D．Danny wanted to get away from Rick 70．Danny now ______． A．was tired of the school and his friends B．had no friends at all D. he went home every day B. a small village C. a town D. a man's name B. he was very 67. Greensea is _________. 68. Jack didn't phone his mother because ______. B. when
66. Jack lived with his mother______he worked in the village.
C．was not sure what he should do with the problem D．made some new friends in the neighborhood 71．Danny didn't say anything about the matter to Mrs Green because ______． A．she had known it B．the other boys would tell her C．he didn't want to be in trouble D．his mother didn't want him to say it 72．The word 'gang' in the reading means '______'． A．a place for boys to play games B．a group of young people C．a school bus for children to and from school D．the teacher's office
D Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members don’t know them as well as their friends do. In large families, it is quite often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for some ideas. It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or a group of friends .Even when they are not with their friends ,they usually spend a lot of time talking among them on the phone . This communication is very important in children’s growing up, because friends can discuss something. These things are difficult to say to their family members. However, parents often try to choose their children’s friends for them. Some parents even stop their children from meeting their good friends. Have you ever thought of the following questions? Who chooses your friends? Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you? Have you got a good friend your parents don’t like? Your answers are welcome. 73.Many teenagers think that______ can understand them better. A friends B. brothers sisters D. parents 74.________ is very important to teenagers. A. To make friends Communication C.
C. To stop meeting friends D. Both A and B 75.The sentence “Your answers are welcome” means “_________”. A. You are welcome to discuss the questions with us
We’ve got no idea, so your answers are welcome
C. Your answers are always right D. You can give us all the right answers 第四部分：单词拼写（10 题，每小题 1 分， 共 10 分） 76. Ice cream c_______ a lot of fat and sugar. 77. Beethoven（贝多芬）is a very great m __________ in the world. 78. Parents always _________（认为---有重要）importance to children’s studies. 79. He is a famous p________ and his poems are popular with the youth. 80. It is not his custom to d________（淹没）his sadness in wine. 81. We can’t go against nature and should try our best to keep the b___________ of nature. 82. Being an honest man you shouldn’t tell a l_________. 83. It’s important to know your own strengths and ___________(缺点).
84. They shouldn’t treat their mother in a rude m_______（方式）. They should respect her. 85. Her parents don’t p________（允许） her to go back home late in the evening.
完成句子（共 15 格，每格一分，共 15 分）
86.她去年雇用许多工人为她工作。 She _______ many workers to work for her last year. 87.大约一周以后我们就又见面了。 We’ll meet again in a week ______ ______ .
88.请把这些书分类。 Please _______ _______ these books. 89.视察你的工作是我的职责。 It is my duty to _______ your work. 90.为了按时完成工作，他们日夜工作。 In order to complete the task on time, they work______ ______ ______(日 夜). 91.经理说他要来参加会议，但是他没有出现。 The manager said he would come to the meeting but he hasn’t ______ ______. 92.不久以后你就会明白的。 You will understand it _____ _____. 93.至于你，你可以做你任何喜欢做的事。 ______ ______ you, you can do whatever you like. 第六部分：书面表达 （共 25 分） 请你根据下面要点写一篇英语短文介绍我国过春节的情况。
1、春节是中国的重大节日。 2、节前人们要大扫除。 3、全家人在一起吃年夜饭。 4、孩子们会到压岁钱。 5、年初一穿新衣服，走亲访友，互道吉利。 词数：100 左右 生词：春节 the Spring Festival；压岁钱 Yasuiqian Festival’s eve
答案 单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 21-25 ACCAC 26-30 DBCCD 31-35 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分）
41—45 BAABC 46—50 DBAAA 51—55 CBCAD 56—60 BADAD 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 61-65 CACDA 66-70 BCCDC 71-75 CBADA
单词拼写（10 题，每小题 1 分，
共 10 分）
76. contains 77. musician 78. attach 79. poet 80. drown 81. balance 82. lie 83. weaknesses 84. manner permit 完成句子（共 15 格，每格一分，共 15 分） 86. employed 87. or so 88. sort out 89. inspect 90. day and night 91. turned up 92. before long 93. As for 书面表达 （共 25 分） One possible version:
As you know, the Spring Festival in China is a great and important festival. We celebrate it cheerfully. Before the festival, people have a thorough cleaning everywhere to welcome its coming. In the eve the whole family are sitting together, having supper and watching TV until midnight. The money, which is called “Yasuiqian”, is given to children by elders as a gift. On the first day of the new year, all the people, old and young, put on new clothes, pay a visit to their friends and relatives and wish each other good luck in the new year.
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