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高二英语理科寒假作业2.11


石家庄精英中学 2013 年高二寒假作业【英语】 编号:06

编者:刘亚丽

审核:刘亚欣

使用日期:2013-2-11

(六)定语从句(Attributive Clauses)
一、定义:定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词, 词组或代词即先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。 关系代词/关系副词 who whom whose(=of whom/ which) that which as when(=in, at, during+ which) where(=in, at, on+ which) why(=for which) 先行词 指人 指人 指人/物 指人/物 指物 人/物 表时间的名词 表地点的名词 reason 在从句中的作用 主 宾 定 主/宾 主/宾 主/宾/表 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

注意:what 和 how 不引导定语从句。
一、关系代词引导的定语从句 使用关系代词时应注意以下几点: (1)“介词+关系代词”可引导定从,但关系代词只可用 whom 或 which。 The room in which there is a machine is a workshop. In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person to whom she could turn for help. (2)“whose +n.”引导定从时,可换成“the+n.+of whom/which”或“of which+the+n.”。 He lives in a big house whose window faces the sea. He lives in a big house the window of which faces the sea. He lives in a big house of which the window faces the sea. (3)which 引导的定从还可修饰前面整个主句,此时 which 相当于 and this。 He succeeded in the competition,which made his parents very happy. The weather turned out to be very good,which was more than we could expect.

【注】判断定从用什么引导词的关键是看先行词在从句中作什么成分。 1) I’ll never forget the day that/which I spent with you on the farm. (先行词 the day 作 spent 的宾语:I spent the day with you on the farm.) 2) I’ll never forget the day when I worked together with you on the farm. (先行词 the day 在从句中作状语:I worked together with you on the farm on that day.) 3) He works in the factory which makes color TV sets. (先行词 the factory 在从句中作主语:The factory makes color TV sets.) 4) He works in the factory where color TV sets are made. (先行词 the factory 在从句中作状语:Color TV sets are made in the factory.) 二、关系副词引导的定语从句 1.当先行词在定语从句中作状语时,引导词要用关系副词 when,where,why。 I will never forget the day when I met Mr. Lin. / This is the place where we lived for 5 years. / I know the reason why he came late. 2.关系副词常可换成“介词+关系代词”。 This is the factory where I paid a visit the other day. This is the factory to which_I_paid_a_visit the other day. This is the factory that/which_I_visited the other day. 3.way 后面的定语从句: way 在从句中作状语,应用 in which 或 that 引导,还可省略引导词;如 作主语或宾语应用 that 或 which 引导。 I don’t like the way (in which/that) he talks. The way that/which he thought of to solve the problem might be helpful. 5.as 引导的定语从句 as 有“正如,就像”之意,可引导非限制性定语从句,从句可位于主句 的前、中或后面;但 which 引导的非限制性定语从句一般只能放在主句之后。 As had been expected,the England team won the football match. The result of the experiment was very good,which we hadn’t expected.

抄以上经典例句并背诵: ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________
高二英语(理科) 第 1 页 (共 4 页)

抄以上经典例句并背诵: ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________
高二英语(理科)第 2 页 (共 4 页)

6.定语从句与同位语从句的区别 同位语从句是位于抽象名词 answer,belief,doubt,decision,explanation,fact,hope,idea, information,news,order,problem,promise,truth 等后的句子,并对这些名词进行补充说明或 解释;从句一般是一个完整的句子,引导词 that 只起引导作用,不作成分,且 that 不可省略; 同位语从句不可用 which 引导。而定语从句通常是一个不完整的句子,缺少主语或宾语等。 The fact that she hasn’t known the result of the examination is clear.(同位语从句) The fact (that/which) she told me yesterday is very important..(定语从句) 专项专练

A.what

B.that

C.how

D.as

9.We saw several natives advancing towards our party, one of them came up to us, and ________ we gave some bells and glasses. A.to which B.to whom C.with whom D.with which

10.I saw a woman running toward me in the dark.Before I could recognize who she was, she had run back in the direction ________ she had come. A.of which B.by which C.in which D.from which

1.Some preschool children go to a day care center, ________ they learn simple games and songs. A.then B.there C.while D.where

11.It is far better for one to drink milk, ______ one gets healthful nutrients, than to drink coffee,________ contains no nutrients at all. A.what;what B.where;as C.from which;which D.in which;what

2.He was educated at the local high school,________ he went on to Beijing University. A.after which B.after that C.in which D.in that

12.Last October China launched its second manned spaceship Shenzhou Ⅵ,________ two Chinese astronauts traveled in space for five days. A.in which B.at which C.by which D.from which

3.Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ________ sight matters more than hearing. A.when B.whose C.which D.where

13.—The authors of computer viruses are geniuses. —I agree.They can apply their wisdom to other net technology ________ human beings can benefit.

4.—Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm ________ we worked. A.that B.there C.which D.where

A.in which

B.through which

C.on which

D.from which

5.The book was written in 1946,________ the education system has witnessed great changes. A.when B.during which C.since then D.since when

14.Today’s Sichuan has become a representative of the west development,a place ________ hopes and opportunities have replaced poverty and backwardness. A.which B.that C.where D.there

6.By serving others, person focuses on someone other than himself or herself, a ________ can be very eyeopening and rewarding. A.who B.which C.what D.that

15.Their goods are exchanged for such machinery and equipment ________ we need to buy abroad. A.that B.what C.as D.which

7.I was given three books on cooking,the first ________ I really enjoyed. A.of that B.of which C.that D.which

8.The Beatles, ________ many of you are old enough to remember, came from Liverpool.
高二英语(理科)第 3 页 (共 4 页)

(六)定语从句(Attributive Clauses)专练答案解析
高二英语(理科)第 4 页 (共 4 页)


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