Unit 3 Back to the past
1 课前——双基2级刷 2 课堂——考点3关过 3 课后——高考分块练
1．civilization n． 2．BC abbr. 3．volcano n. 4．AD abbr. 5．erupt vi. 6．commercial adj. 7．sandstorm n.
_文__明__ _公__元__前__ _火__山__ _公__元__ _(火__山__等__)_爆__发___ _商__业__的__，__贸_易__的__ _沙__尘__暴__，__风_沙___
8．institute n． 9．aircraft n. 10．carrier n. 11．statue n. 12．corrupt vt.
adj. 13．*complain vi. 14．*Roman n.
_飞__机__ 航 __空 ___母__舰__，__运__输__设__备__；__运__输__公__司_ 雕 __塑 ___，__雕__像__ 使 __腐 ___化__，__使__堕__落__ 贪 __污__的__，__腐__败__的__ 抱 __怨___ 罗 __马__人____ 罗 __马__的__，__罗__马__人__的__
15．*lava n． 16．*workshop n. 17．*historical adj. 18．*solution n. 19．*pearl n. 20．*philosophy n.
_熔__岩__，__火__山__岩___ _作__坊__，__车__间___ _历__史__的__；__与__历__史__研__究__相__关__的__ _解__决__办__法__，__解__答___ _珍__珠___ _哲__学_
1． lecture n． 2． found vt. 3． ash n. 4． pour vi.
vt. 5． unfortunate adj. 6． mud n.
讲座 兴建，创建 灰，灰烬 涌流，倾泻 倒出(液体) 不幸的，遗憾的 泥浆，烂泥
7． decorate vt. 8． flee vt. & vi. 9． researcher n. 10． true-to-life adj. 11． disaster n. 12． destroy vt. 13． wealthy adj.
装饰，装潢 逃避，逃跑；迅速离开 研究者，调查者 逼真的 灾难 毁坏，摧毁 富有的，富裕的
14． gradually adv. 15． scholar n. 16． cultural adj. 17． ruin n.
vt. 18． remains n. 19． beneath prep.
渐渐地，逐渐地 学者 文化的 废墟；毁坏 破坏，毁灭 遗物，遗迹，遗骸 在……之下
20． pot n． 21． material n.
adj. 22． document n. 23．explode vi. 24． nearby adv. & adj. 25． extreme adj.
罐，壶 材料；物质 物质的 文献，文件 爆炸 在附近(的) 极度的；极端的
26． bone n． 27． wooden adj. 28． leather n. 29．expression n. 30． audience n. 31． cave n. 32．ceremony n.
骨骼，骨头 木制的 皮革 表达；表情，神色 观众，听众 洞穴 仪式，典礼
33． republic n． 34． chairman n. 35．harbor n. 36． navy n. 37．powerful adj. 38．airfield n. 39．bomb vt.
共和国；共和政体 主席 港口 海军 强有力的 (军用)机场 轰炸 炸弹
40． sailor n． 41．fortunate adj. 42． declare vt. 43． memorial n.
adj. 44． educate vt. 45． troop n.
水手，海员 幸运的 宣布，宣称 纪念馆，纪念碑 纪念的 教育 士兵；军队，部队
46． march vi. & n． 47． glory n. 48． ahead adv.
49． vast adj. 50． salary n. 51．aware adj. 52．basis n.
前进，进发；游行 辉煌；荣耀，光荣 (时间、空间)在前面；提前， 预先；领先 辽阔的；巨大的；大量的 薪金，薪水 意识到的，知道的；察觉到的 基础；基准；原因
53．court n． 54．god n. 55． trial n. 56． judge v.
n. 57． poison n.
法院，法庭；球场；宫廷 神，神灵 审讯，审理；试验；考验 判断；审判 法官，审判员；裁判员 毒药(物) 毒害，下毒
58． take over 59．in memory of 60．no doubt 61． rise up against 62． stand in one's path 63． come down with
夺取；接管 纪念 无疑，确实 起义，反抗 阻碍(某人) 患(病)
1．civilization n． 2．volcano n. 3．erupt vi. 4．commercial adj. 5．sandstorm n. 6．institute n.
_文__明__ _火__山__ (_火__山__等__)_爆__发__ 商__业__的__，__贸__易__的___ _沙__尘__暴__，__风__沙_ _机__构__，__研__究__所__
7．aircraft n． 8．carrier n. 9．statue n. 10．corrupt vt.
_飞__机__ _航__空__母__舰__，__运__输__设__备__；__运__输__公__司__ _雕__塑__，__雕__像__ _使__腐__化__，__使__堕__落__ _贪__污__的__，__腐__败__的__
11．lava n． 12．workshop n. 13．historical adj. 14．solution n. 15．philosophy n.
_熔__岩__，__火__山__岩_ _作__坊__，__车__间__ 历__史__的__；__与__历__史__研__究__相__关__的__ _解__决__办__法__，__解_答_ _哲__学___
1． found vt. 2． flee vt. & vi. 3． true-to-life adj. 4． disaster n. 5． destroy vt. 6． cultural adj. 7． ruin n.
vt. 8． beneath prep.
兴建，创建 逃避，逃跑；迅速离开 逼真的 灾难 毁坏，摧毁 文化的 废墟；毁坏 破坏，毁灭 在……之下
9． document n. 10． nearby adv.&adj. 11． extreme adj. 12． complain vi. 13． audience n. 14． ceremony n. 15． fortunate adj.
文献，文件 在附近(的) 极度的；极端的 抱怨 观众，听众 仪式，典礼 幸运的
16． declare vt. 17． march vi.&n. 18． ahead adv. 19． salary n. 20． court n. 21． trial n. 22． judge v.
宣布，宣称 前进，进发；游行 在前面；提前，预先；领先 薪金，薪水 法院，法庭；球场；宫廷 审讯，审理；试验；考验 判断；审判 法官，审判员；裁判员
1．It will take a few more years to judge (判断) the impact of these ideas.
2．As we all know, France is the first country to declare (宣 布) war on Libya.
3．The enemy soldiers were fleeing (逃跑) in all directions when they were attacked.
4．Along the way, at Kurla, you can visit the ruins (遗迹) of the Iron Fortress.
5．In May, the biochemistry PhD delivered a speech representing the university's 13 graduates at the graduation ceremony (典礼)．
6．The flood last year in the south was a real disaster (灾难), leaving some people missing.
7．Their system is so far ahead (领先) because of a culture of looking after the environment.
8．The act itself of unwrapping and finally seeing what was _b_e_n_e_a_t_h_ (在……之下) the newspaper was exciting and memorable.
9．All these cultural (文化的) aspects are important to language learners if they want to get a better understanding of the language itself.
10．We should strictly and voluntarily obey traffic rules, stopping at the red light rather than complaining (抱怨) about traffic jams.
1．unfortunate adj.不幸的，遗憾的→ unfortunately adv.不幸 地，倒霉地；令人遗憾地→fortunate adj.幸运的→f_o_r_t_u_n_a_te_l_y adv.幸运地
2．decorate vt.装饰，装潢→decoration n．装饰，装饰品 3．wealthy adj.富有的，富裕的→ wealth n．财富，财产 4．gradually adv.渐渐地，逐渐地→ gradual adj.渐渐的，逐渐
的 5．remains n．遗物，遗迹，遗骸→ remai v．遗留，剩余；
继续存在→ remaining adj.剩余的
6．explode vi.爆炸→ explosion n．爆炸，爆发 7．wooden adj.木制的→ wood n．木料；树木 8．expression n．表达；表情，神色→ express vt.表达，表示 9．powerful adj.强有力的→ power n．动力，权力 10．memorial n．纪念馆，纪念碑 adj.纪念的→memory n．记
忆(力)；回忆→ memorize vt.记忆；背诵 11．educate vt.教育→ education n．教育，培养→ educator n．教
12．aware adj.意识到的，知道的；察觉到的→ awareness n．认识，意识
13．basis n．基础；基准；原因→ basic adj.基础的→ base n．基地；根基；基础 v.以……为基础
1．In order to gain much wealth and fame, the singer left his
hometown as a poor boy and finally returned as an extremely wealthy man.(wealth) 2．She devoted her remaining years to the cause of studying the remains of the Forbidden City.(remain) 3．Someone made him aware of the effects of his actions.If so, he could gradually raise public moral awareness .(aware) 4．After he came to power , everyone said he was a powerful leader, but now he feels so powerless that he even can't
save his daughter.(power)
5．Though the trip to the memorial was over, it left a permanent memory on me. I will memorize the deeds done by heroes.(memory)
6．As is known to all, education is a gradual process, and people are gradually aware of its importance.(gradual)
7．The puzzled expression on her face suggested that she didn't know how she could express her feelings properly.
(express) 8．Yesterday a bomb exploded in the market.The _ex_p_l_o_s_io_n_
was heard a mile away.(explode)
1． take over 2． in memory of
3． no doubt
4． rise up against 5． stand in one's path
6． come down with
7． be buried alive
8． turn out
9． break down 10． together with 11． pour out 12．focus on 13．carry out 14．on board 15．have enough of
毁掉；身体垮掉；抛锚 与……一起 涌出 集中(精力)于 实施；执行 在船上(飞机上或火车上) 对……感到厌烦
16． make sb. aware of 17． take part in 18． ahead of 19． less than 20． declare war against
让某人意识到 参加 在……前面 少于 向……宣战
1．Adult readers, together with young adults and children, have expressed interest and appreciation for the book's subject matter.
2．Epidemics, maybe from a single person with a virus, spread very quickly until they take over the population and appear to be everywhere.
3．The congress opened with a minute's silence _in__m_e_m__o_r_y_o_f_ those who died in the struggle.
4．He has a bad temper and will not listen to anybody, so you'd better not stand in his path .
5．Those who have come down with the disease must be separated from others in no time and quit training.
6．There's no doubt that the 3D technology can print a variety of items that traditional manufacturing can't make.
7．When the car broke down on the highway for a third time, John's patience completely ran out.
8．A survey carried out throughout the country shows young people in the city do not want to have a second child.
9．A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, killing all four people on board .
10．I was surprised that you haven't had enough of him, yet I found him very boring.
city was a 表示地点或 安坐落于泰山脚下。
volcano. 离该城不 远处有一
处所的介词 (2017·北京高考满分作文) 短语置于句 A__t_t_h_e_f_o_o_t_o_f_M__o_u_n_t_T_a_i_s_i_ts 首时，句子使 a beautiful modern city —
座火山。 用全部倒装。 Tai'an.
2.It turns out that after the ash covered the people who failed to flee the city, their bodies nearly completely broke down and disappeared, leaving empty spaces in the ash. 原来，火山灰覆盖了没能 逃离城市的人，他们的身 体几乎全部烧化消失了， 只留下火山灰里的人形空 当。
现在分词 我一直忙着准备期末考 试，没有多少时间和家
语，常表示 朋友们闲逛了。(2017·天 津高考满分作文)
意料、情理 I have been busy
making preparations for the final exam,
然而然的 _le_a_v_i_n_g_m__e_n_o_t__m_u_c_h___ _ti_m__e__ to communicate
结果。 with my family or hang
out with my friends.
3.The desert was once a green land with huge trees, but they were cut down and that resulted in the city being buried by sand — what a pity! 这片沙漠曾是一块长着 参天大树的绿洲，但是 大树被砍倒了，这导致 了这座城市被风沙覆盖 ——多么遗憾啊！
动名词的 和理念引到中国， 让我
(名词＋ v.-ing 形 式)作主 语、宾语 等。
(2016·北京高考满分作文) _H_a_i_g_u_o__T_u_z_h_i'_s_____ _in_t_r_o_d_u_c_i_n_g_ modern technologies and ideas to China opened our eyes to the world.
4.In less than 9 minutes, the ship sank with 1,177 men on board. 在不到 9 分钟的时间 里，船连同船上的 1 177 人都沉了下去。
在句中可 _o_f_t_h_e_I_n_t_e_r_n_e_t _, online
voting has been gaining popularity.
1. by asking the teacher for help 2.believe in 3.bring good luck to 4.can't put ... down 5.caring adj.
通过求助老师 信__任__；__信__奉_ 给__…__…__带__来__好__运___ _爱__不__释__手__ _体__贴__人__的__；__关__心__他__人_的__
1. take a trip 2. give sb. some advice 3.keep ... to oneself 4.make careless mistakes 5.I'm not available.
去旅行 给某人一些建议 _保__守__秘__密_ _犯__粗__心__的__错__误___ _我__没__有__空__。_
1.classic n． 2.science fiction 3.lyrics n. 4.computer programmer 5.introduce oneself
经典作品；名著 科幻小说 歌词 编程人员 自我介绍
1．flee vt.& vi.逃避，逃跑；迅速离开
[教材原句] It turns out that after the ash covered the
people who failed to flee the city, their bodies nearly
completely broke down and disappeared, leaving empty
spaces in the ash. 原来，火山灰覆盖了没能逃离城市的人，他们的身体几乎
flee to someplace
flee from ＝escape from
[题点全练] 完成句子 ①When the war broke out, he fled to Yunnan of China with his wife. 战争爆发后，他携妻子逃到了中国云南。 ②People got into a panic and fled from the fire. 人们惊恐万状地逃离了火灾现场。 ③He was caught when trying to flee the country. 他试图逃离该国时被抓住了。
2．ruin n．[C](pl.)废墟，遗迹；[U]毁坏，毁灭，崩溃 vt.破坏； 毁灭；使破产
[教材原句] A scholar from the local cultural institute, Professor Zhang, told us that around the year 1900 the European explorer Sven Hedin discovered the ruins of the Loulan Kingdom. 当地文化研究所的一个学者张教授告诉我们，大约在 1900 年，欧洲的探险者斯文·海定发现了楼兰王国的遗址。
(1)lie/be in ruins
fall into ruin
bring ... to ruin 使……毁灭；使……没落；使……破产
ruin one's health/fame/future
①A number of high buildings have arisen where there was nothing a year ago but ruins (ruin). ②A large number of churches fell _in__to_ ruin after the big flood. ③The big earthquake brought the city to ruin.
④That city lay/was in ruins after the hurricane. 飓风过后，那座城市成了一片废墟。 ⑤Drunk driving not only lay/was in ruins but also killed several passers-by. 醉驾不仅毁掉了他自己还导致几名过路人死亡。
[教材原句] Sven found the remains of buildings buried beneath the sand, together with a lot of treasures, including coins, painted pots, material such as silk, documents and wall paintings. 斯文发现了埋在沙子下面的建筑物遗迹，以及很多珍品， 包括钱币、彩绘罐，材料如丝绸、文献和壁画。
(1)the remains of ...
??to be done(有待于被做)
[题点全练] 单句语法填空 ①The poor man ate the remains (remain) of the dishes hungrily. ②The remaining (remain) twenty patients were transferred to another hospital. ③ It remains to be seen whether the news that a new library will be built in our school is true. ④Although the wind has died down, the rain remains _s_t_e_a_d_y_ (steadily), so you still need a raincoat. ⑤It remains to be seen (see) whether you are right. ⑥The guests came in, but she remained seated (seat) at the desk reading.
[名师指津] 当表示“剩余的，剩下的”时，常把 remaining 放在被修饰词之前作前置定语，而 left 常放在被 修饰词之后作后置定语。
[教材原句] One complained that the room was not clean and that it was not very comfortable either. 一个学生抱怨说房间不干净而且也不舒适。
(1)complain (to sb.) about/of sth./that ...
complain of sth.
make a complaint against/about ... 对……进行投诉
[题点全练] 完成句子 ①I am now writing to make a complaint against/about the service of your hotel. 我写此信意在投诉贵宾馆的服务。 ②Some parents complain that their children are burdened with heavy homework. 有些家长抱怨他们孩子的家庭作业繁重。 ③Dan's been complaining of severe headache. 丹总是说头疼得厉害。
[ 教 材 原 句 ] The next day, US President Franklin
Roosevelt declared war against Japan. 第二天，美国总统富兰克林·罗斯福向日本宣战。
declare sb./sth. to be
declare war (on/against)
①What is known to us is that the Chinese government _h_a_s_d_e_c_la_r_e_d__a_g_a_in_s_t__ terrorism openly. 众所周知，中国政府公开反对恐怖主义。 ②The court declared the accused to be innocent. 法庭宣布被告无罪。 ③In September 1939, Britain declared war on Germany after Germany invaded Poland. 1939 年 9 月，在德国入侵波兰后，英国向德国宣战。
④He declared that the girl was head of our department.(改 为简单句) → He declared the girl to be head of our department.
[教材原句] In many cases, his questions made his students
aware of their own errors. 在很多情况下，他的问题使得他的学生们意识到自己的错误。
(1)be aware that ... be/become aware of make sb. aware of/that ...
(2)awareness n. raise awareness about/of
知道，体会到…… 知道/意识到 使某人意识到 认识，意识 提高对……的认识
①The aim of the festival is to increase awareness (aware) of Hindu culture and traditions. ②That accident made him aware of serious result of drunk driving.
③To his relief, his parents are aware of his innocence. →To his relief, his parents are aware that he is innocent.
④这项运动旨在使人们意识到被动吸烟的危害。 (awareness, passive smoking) The campaign aims to raise awareness of the dangers of passive smoking. ⑤一些科技公司意识到了这一问题并尝试解决。(aware) Some technology companies were aware of the problem and tried to solve it.
7．judge n．法官；审判员；裁判员 vt.判断；审判；裁判
[教材原句] At his trial, he defended himself by asking his judges yet more questions. 在他的审判中，他向法官问了更多的问题来为自己辩护。
[练牢基点] 写出下列句中 judge 的含义
①He stood emotionless as he heard the judge pass sentence. 法官
②A judge decides who will be the winner of a competition. 裁判员
③Judging from what he has just said, the company will
reduce the staff.
(1)judge ...from/by ...
judge between right and wrong 判断是非
as far as I can judge
④ Judging (judge) things from as many sides as possible is a skill that needs improving all the way. ⑤Everyone shouldn't judge a book by/from its cover. ⑥All under 30 years old, the candidates were examined by a group of judges (judge) in their fields.
用 judge 的适当形式完成语段
⑦ Judging from what he said, he must be an honest man.On the contrary, he often robs and steals, so the _j_u_d_g_e_ pointed out that a man should not _b_e__ju_d_g_e_d_ only by his looks. In my judgment , what he said is reasonable. [名师指津] judging from/by 用在句首时，为一个独立成 分，不受句子主语和时态影响，只用现在分词作状语而不 用过去分词的形式。
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．As time went by, the old woman gradually (gradual)
adapted herself to the urban life. 2．The sky was darkened by the heavy smoke pouring (pour)
from the factory. 3．An accident happened on the way home last night, but the
driver fled from the site. 4．Her book Silent Spring raised awareness (aware) of the
dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals.
5．As a world cultural (culture) relic, the Great Wall needs protection from every one.
6．Here are some problems put up at the meeting, most of which are about education (educate)．
1．Public schools are mainly found by governments through
2．In certain areas, earthquakes take place beneath of the sea. 去掉 of
3．Judged from his accent, we know that the man must be
4．Unfortunate, her parent died from the air crash. Unfortunate→Unfortunately
5．Everyone should be aware with the real situation of water
6．I think there is one problem remains to be solved. remains→remaining
Ⅲ.句型转换/一句多译 1．These students are fortunate to have such a good English
teacher. → It is fortunate that these students have such a good English teacher. 2．以我看来，他总有一天会梦想成真。 ① As far as I can judge , his dream will come true one day.(judge)
② As far as I'm concerned , his dream will come true
3．她用剩下的 50 美元给妈妈买了一件礼物。 ①She used the remaining 50 dollars to buy her mother a gift.(remain) ②She used the 50 dollars left to buy her mother a gift.(leave)
1．take over 夺取，占据；接替；接管
[教材原句] In 89 BC, the Romans took over Pompeii.
公元前 89 年，罗马人占领了庞贝。 [归纳拓展]
[应用领悟] ①His widow has taken over the running of his empire, including six London theatres. 他的遗孀已接手管理他创下的帝国，其中包括 6 家伦敦剧院。 ②No other organisation was able or willing to take on the job. 没有任何别的组织有能力或愿意承担此项工作。 ③I know how busy you must be and naturally I won't want to take up too much of your time. 我知道您肯定特别忙，我当然不想占用您太多的时间。
2．in memory of 纪念
[教材原句] In memory of the Americans who died in the attack, a national memorial was built in Pearl Harbor just above the remains of the Arizona. 为了纪念在这次袭击中遇难的美国人，人们在珍珠港“亚 利桑那”号的遗迹上建了一座国家纪念碑。
[归纳拓展] ①in terms of ②in need/want of ③in favor of ④in praise of ⑤in honour of ⑥in view of ⑦in search of
就……而言 需要 赞同；支持 赞扬 为了向……表示敬意 鉴于，考虑到，由于 寻找
[应用领悟] ①Most people are a mixture of optimism and pessimism, but are in favor of one direction or the other. 大多数人都是乐观主义和悲观主义的混合体，但会倾向于一 个方向或另一个方向。 ②Deeds are better than words when people are in need/want of help. 当有人需要帮助的时候，行动胜于言语。
3．no doubt 无疑，确实 [教材原句] When asked how a statue from distant Greece could have appeared in China, researchers explained that no doubt this was a result of Alexander the Great's influence. 当被问及来自遥远希腊的塑像怎么会出现在中国时，研究 人员解释说，这无疑是亚历山大大帝的影响所致。
(1)There is no doubt that ...
There is some doubt whether ... 怀疑是否……
(2)don't doubt that ...
doubt whether/if ...
对比填空：that/whether/if ①There is no doubt that they will help you when you are in trouble. ②There is some doubt whether this is the best way to do it. ③You can complain, but I doubt if/whether it will make any difference.
一句多译 我怀疑我的表妹是否会接受他的邀请。 ④I doubt whether/if my cousin will accept his invitation. (doubt v．) ⑤I h__a_v_e_s_o_m__e_d_o_u_b_t__w_h_e_t_h_e_r my cousin will accept his invitation. (doubt n．) 毫无疑问，我会提前完成任务。 ⑥ There is no doubt that I can fulfil the task ahead of schedule. (there is no doubt that) ⑦ I can fulfil the task ahead of schedule without doubt. (without doubt)
4．动名词的复合结构 The desert was once a green land with huge trees, but they were cut down and that resulted in the city being buried by sand — what a pity! 这片沙漠曾是一块长着参天大树的绿洲，但是大树被砍倒 了，这导致了这座城市被风沙覆盖——多么遗憾啊！
动名词的复合结构主要有两种情况： (1)名词所有格/名词的普通格＋doing (2)形容词性物主代词/人称代词的宾格＋doing
①I can't imagine Mary's/Mary marrying such a young man. 我无法想象玛丽嫁给一个这样的年轻人。 ②I knew nothing about the window being open . 我一点也不知道窗户敞开着。 [名师指津] 如果动名词的复合结构作主语，其逻辑主语用 形容词性物主代词或名词所有格。 ③Nixon's visiting China marked a new era between U．S. and China diplomatic relations. 尼克松访问中国标志着中美外交关系进入一个新的时代。
5．with 复合结构 In less than 9 minutes, the ship sank with 1,177 men on board. 在不到 9 分钟的时间里，船连同船上的 1 177 人都沉了下去。
“with ＋ 宾 语 ＋ 宾 语 补 足 语 ” 构 成 的 复 合 结 构 作 状 语 时，表原因、条件、方式等。主要结构如下：
①With her eyes fixed (fix) on the work attentively, she didn't know what was happening outside. 因为她的注意力都集中在工作上，她不知道外面发生的事情。 ②I can't go to the cinema with you with so much homework _to__d_o_ (do)． 有这么多作业要完成，我不能和你一起去看电影。 ③He felt more uneasy with the whole class staring (stare) at him. 全班同学都盯着他看，他感到更不自然了。
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．A woman called on the population to rise up against the
government. 2．In memory of the dead soldiers, a grand memorial was built on
the spot of the great campaign. 3．When he retired, his eldest son took over the farm. 4．I can't go out with all these dishes to wash (wash)． 5．There is no doubt that the idea of no fly holidays is going to
become more popular as fewer people think it is safe to fly. 6．Mary together with her friends often goes (go) shopping on
Ⅱ.翻译句子 1．她眼中含着泪向父母说了声再见。(with 复合结构)
She said goodbye to her parents with tears in her eyes. 2．从扬声器里传来了医生的声音。(全部倒装)
From the speaker comes the doctor's voice.
3．我不记得他请过一天假。(动名词的复合结构) I can't remember his taking a single day off work.
4．毫无疑问他会成功。(no doubt) There is no doubt that he will succeed.
5．她的奶奶去世了，这让那个女孩很难过。(现在分词作结果状语) Her grandma passed away, making the girl very sad.
There is ①_n_o_d_o_u__b_t that he has ② been aware of the fact that he has ③ been aware of cancer.However, it seems that illness will never ④ stand in his path to success.He has always been trying to cheer himself up to ⑤ look ahead and ⑥ march towards success .
(一)单元小语法——宾语补足语；either ... or ...，
neither ... nor ...；主谓一致
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．The man was made to paint (paint) the wall alone. 2． With a lot of work to do, he wasn't allowed to go out. 3．Let those in need understand (understand) that we will
go all out to help them. 4 ． The police were (be) searching for the murderer
everywhere in the village yesterday. 5．Either you or he has (have) to look after the old man. 6．Mr. and Mrs. Brown would like to see their daughter _se_t_t_le_
(settle) down, get married, and have kids. (2017·天津高考单选)
7．The publication of Great Expectations, which was (be) both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens' status as a leading novelist.(2017·江苏高考单选)
Ⅱ.完成句子 1．Neither the students nor the teacher knows anything about it.
学生和老师都不知道这件事。 2．He wants to have his eyes examined tomorrow.
他明天想去检查眼睛。 3．There is a desk and two chairs in the room.
房间里有一张桌子，两把椅子。 4．I heard her sing the song in the next room last night.
昨天晚上我听见她在隔壁房间唱这首歌了。 5．All the afternoon he worked with the door locked .
[题目要求] A Chinese Poetry Contest was successfully held in our school today. It aimed to encourage students to know more about traditional Chinese poetry culture.The students' performances included reading and reciting poems. Everyone has learned a lot in the contest. 要求：1.把上面一段话扩写成 100 字左右的文章； 2.具体表达出活动的目的、形式(朗读、背诵)和结果。
[答案示例] A Chinese Poetry Contest was successfully held in our school today. It aimed to encourage students to know more about traditional Chinese poetry culture and attracted almost all the students and teachers in the school.
Twenty students from different classes competed with each other. Their performances, including reading poems aloud and reciting poems from memory, deeply impressed the audience present. It was obvious that all of them had made good preparations for the contest. Finally, the prizes were awarded to the winners.
By attending activities of this kind, students have learned a lot about Chinese poetry and traditional culture. They are looking forward to having more chances to take part in such activities.
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