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2018版高三英语一轮复习2012-2016年五年真题分类5短文改错题及答案


2012——2016 年短文改错 Correction 1[2016· 乙卷(全国Ⅰ)] My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady. Correction 2[2016· 甲卷(全国Ⅱ) ] The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot. Correction 3[2016· 丙卷(全国Ⅲ) ] The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn't seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I even felt my parents couldn't understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help. Correction 4[2016· 四川] It is Mother's Day today. Though it's a western festival, it's popular in China now. Mom has a full-time job, so she has to do most of the houseworks. She is a great mother. Both Dad or I planned to do something on Mother's Day. We get up early in the morning. Dad cleaned the house, and then went on shopping. When he came back, I found a bunch of flowers in her hand. I asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in kitchen. The dishes what I cooked were Mom's favoritest. At dinner, we said to her, "Happy Mother's Day!" Mom was grateful and moving. Correction 5[2016· 浙江] When I was a very young children, my father created a regular practice I remember well years late. Every time he arrived home at end of the day, we'd greet her at the door. He would ask who we was and pretend not to knowing us. Then he and my mother would have had a drink while she prepared dinner and they would talk about his day and hers. While they chat, my father would lift my sister and me up to sit in the top of the fridge. It was both excited and frightening to be up there! My sister and I thought he was so cool for putting us there. Correction6 [2015· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ] When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city.I think I would be happy there.Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside.There the air is clean or the mountains are green.Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem.The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.Much rare animals are dying out.We must found ways to protect your environment.If we fail to do so, we'll live to regret it. Correction7 [2015· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded.
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Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said, "How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried." Tony promised her that this would never happen again. Correction8 [2015· 陕西] My soccer coach retired in last week. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help. Mum taught me some basic step of baking. I insisted on doing most of the baking myself. I thought the biscuits were really well. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, "I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits." My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter! Correction9 [2015· 四川] Hi, Janice, It's been a month since I came to this new school and I really want share with you some of the problems I have been experiencing. As I tell you last time, I made three new friend here. We hang out together during lunch and after school. We've been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. It's been three Saturdays now and it really costs me many. And I started to see this as a time-wasting activity! In fact, I don't like to go anymore, so I'm afraid I'll lose their friendship. How do you think I should do? If you are me, would you talk to him? Please help with me and give me some advice. Grace Correction10 [2015· 浙江] My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made from glass. I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. On the left-hand side of the class, I could easy see the football field. In the mornings, it was full of students exercising. The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid. Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them. Farther in the distance, I could not enjoy the view of snowy mountains. On the right side of the class was the road. I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning. The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming. If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom, I will never forget it. Correction11 [2014· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ] Nearly five years before, and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes (圣女果) in our back garden. Since then — for all these year — we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors. Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost! Correction12 [2014· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn't need to do so many homework. Therefore, we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports
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for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, or sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. Correction13 [2014· 浙江] I was taking a train to London's Victoria Station. I had noticed that the carriage was noise and filled with people. Before long, a train inspector comes to check our tickets. A passenger realized he couldn't find his ticket but became quite upset. Then everyone in the carriage began searching the ticket, which was eventually found under a seat several rows from his owner. The person who found a ticket smiled with pleasure at his success. No one in the carriage had previous spoken to or even noticed the ticket-owner before. Yet they had so quickly offered the strangers their help. If we could show concern to others on need, the world would be a better place to live in. Correction14 [2014· 陕西] My father took me out camping for the first time when I was seven. He wanted teach me about animals,insects and trees. My uncles all come along with bows and arrows for hunting. One evening at sunset,we sat by the fire,have our barbecue.Just then a bird was flying over us.My uncles immediate jumped up and shot their arrows on the bird. Neither of the arrows hit the target.Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky — they were looked like rain! We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured. That day I didn't learn much about animals, insects or trees, but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity! Correction15 [2014· 四川] Hello, boys and girls! Today,I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm go off. If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside. Stay close to your teacher and classmate. Don't panic or get out of line, and trying to remain quiet and calmly. Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire. If it's a false alarm and there is no fire, your teacher will lead us back to the classroom. If you notice that when someone is missing and hurt, tell your teacher immediately. Correction 16 [2014· 辽宁] Dear Jeremy and Alice, Although we've been delighted to have you as neighbors, we're hoping to settle something that bothers to us. In a word, your dog — Cleo. We've called several time about Cleo's early morning barking. It is difficult to understanding why she barks every minute she's outside. The early morning barking have been disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby. Beside, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. This morning she starts barking even before 5 o'clock. That is too much for us, considering how closely the houses are. We appreciate our apologies and goodwill, but we hope that you can figure a good way of settling the matter. Sincerely, Jack and Rose Correction17 [2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ]
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I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and sing old songs. I was only four when she passes away. She is just a distant memory for me now. I remember my grandfather very much. He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years. He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. In a fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do homework with me. However, he was the gentlest man I have never known. Correction18 [2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] The book I'm reading of talks about afternoon tea in Britain. It is said to have started in the early 1800's. Have tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 o'clock at night. This custom soon becomes another meal of day. Interesting, it had a connection by the British porcelain (瓷器) industry. Tea in China was traditionally drank from cups without handles. When tea got popular in Britain, there was a crying need for good cup with handles to suit British habits. This made for the grow in the porcelain industry. Correction19 [2013· 陕西] My grandfather and I enjoy fishing. One Sunday morning we go fishing at a lake. We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. As soon as we arrived, so we dropped the lines into the water. Before waiting for about half an hour, I was beginning to get impatiently. I wanted to give up, and my grandfather told me to wait a little longer. Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. Within the next few minute, my grandfather also caught a fish. Felt hungry, we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish. It was delicious. Correction20 [2013· 四川] Today we had a chemistry test. I found the test difficulty, but I tried hardly to do it. Suddenly Mary, my best friend, asking me to let her to copy my answers. After think for some time, I let her copy my answers. But after the test, all of us were called to the teacher's office. The teacher was angry because we had same answers in the tests. We were warned not to cheat again so she would need to see our parents. I was very upset. I didn't cheat. I was just helping a friend. Why does she punish me? Correction 21 [2013· 辽宁] Mr.Johnson is a hardworking teacher. Every day,he spends too much time with his work.With little sleep and hardly any break, so he works from morning till night. Hard work have made him very ill. "He has ruined his healthy. We are worried about him." That is which other teachers say. Yesterday afternoon, I paid visit to Mr. Johnson.I was eager to see him,but outside her room I stopped. I had to calm myself down.Quietly I step into the room. I saw him lying in bed, looking at some of the picture we had taken together. I understood that he missed us just as many as we missed him. Correction 22 [2013· 浙江] Dear Diary, Here I am in the middle of a city, 350 miles far away from our farmhouse. Do you want to know why we move last week?Dad lost his job, and as Mom explained,"He was lucky to find other one." His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmate, my school or just everything else I love in the world.To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister, Maggie.Tomorrow is first day of school.I am awfully tiring, but I know I'll never fall sleep.Good night and remember, you, dear diary, is my only souvenir from my past life and my only friend. Yours, Rosemary
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Correction 23 [2012· 新课标全国] I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From the time I was about four until I was about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I was happy when the toys worked, but when things did wrong, I got angry and broke it. For a while parents bought me new toys. But before long they began to see which was happening. When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my father said, "That's it. No more toys to you." My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience I must make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. Correction 24 [2012· 陕西] My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month.It is in the downtown area, but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public transport. We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big bath.What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet connection in the room.I checked my email messages every day.I also shared for my friends many photos taking in Beijing.The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. Correction 25 [2012· 辽宁] Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's friend, Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park here Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home. Much love, Fiona 2012——2016 年短文改错答案 Correction 1 1.that→where。考查宾语从句。此处表达的是"靠近我所居住的地方",故需将 that 改为 where。 where 在此引导宾语从句,并在从句中作地点状语。 2.去掉 but。考查连词。从属连词 Though(虽然)不可与并列连词 but(但是)一起使用,故需 去掉 but。 3.had→have。考查时态。 整篇文章都是以现在时态写的, 所以需将一般过去时改为一般现在 时。 4.honest→honesty。 考查名词。 根据语境"我叔叔告诉我他成功的关键在于诚实"可知,此处该用名 词形式作表语。 5.or→and。考查并列连词。根据语境可知,此处不是表示选择关系,而是表示"新鲜的蔬菜和优 质的油",故把 or 改为 and。 6.using→used。考查被动语态。fresh vegetables 和 high quality oil 与 use 之间存在被动关系,故 用被动语态。 7.becoming 前加 of。考查介词。dream of doing sth.是固定搭配,意为"梦想做某事"。 8.the→a。考查冠词。此处表示泛指,故该用不定冠词 a,in a short period of time 意为"短期内"。 9.our→his。考查代词。由语境及主语 he 可知,此处指的是叔叔的生意,故将 our 改为 his 才合 乎语境。 10.steady→steadily。考查副词。修饰动词 grow 该用副词,所以应用 steady 的副词形式 steadily。
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Correction 2 1.how→what。考查宾语从句。分析句子可知,are talking about 后为宾语从句,且从句中 do 缺 少宾语,故将 how 改为 what。 2.chose→choose。考查情态动词的用法。情态动词后接动词原形。 3.take→taking。考查非谓语动词。因为 and 连接两个并列的成分,且介词后接动名词形式,所 以将 take 改为 taking。 4.but→and。考查连词。前后句之间为并列关系,故将 but 改为 and。 5.在 world 前加 the。考查冠词。根据语境可知,此处表示特指,故应用定冠词 the。 6.your→our。考查代词。因为句子的主语为"we",故此处用 our。 7.knowledges→knowledge。考查名词的数。knowledge 为不可数名词,只能用单数形式。 8.去掉 can 或将 can→should。考查虚拟语气。suggest 意为"建议"时,其后的宾语从句要使用虚 拟语气,谓语动词用"should+动词原形",should 可以省略。 9.thought→think。考查动词的时态。全文的时态均以一般现在时为主,故此处应用一般现在时。 10.many→much。考查代词。表示"钱"的多少时,要用 much 而不是 many。 Correction 3 1.year→years。考查名词复数。13 至 19 岁不止一年的年龄差,此处为复数概念,故用 years。 2.worse→worst。考查形容词最高级。句中有表示范围的 in my life,同时应与前面的 best 保持 一致。 3.去掉 the。考查固定搭配。at first 表示"起初"。 4.yourself→myself。考查反身代词的一致性。由前面的代词 I 可知,此处应用 myself。 5.such→so。考查固定搭配。由"I don't think so."的固定表达可知,应将 such 改为 so。 6.tell→told。考查语篇中时态的一致性。全文中心时态为一般过去时,故应将 tell 改为 told。 7.freely→free。考查形容词的句法功能。系动词 be 后应为形容词作表语。 8.wear→wearing。考查动名词作宾语。介词后面应用动名词形式作宾语。 9.to→for。考查固定搭配。leave...for...表示"离开某地去某地"。 10.whenever 后加 I。考查句子结构。此处 whenever 为连词,引导状语从句,从句中缺了主语, 根据句意可知,应加主语 I。 Correction 4 1.so→but。母亲有一份全职工作,但是她还要做大部分的家务活。根据语境可知,前后分句间 为转折关系,所以用连词 but。 2.houseworks→housework。housework 为不可数名词,没有复数形式。 3.or→and。both...and...是固定用法,故用 and。 4.get→got。本文讲述的是在母亲节发生过的事,所以用一般过去时。 5.去掉 on。go shopping"购物",是固定用法。go on doing sth. 意为"继续做某事",不符合语境。 6.her→his。此处指父亲,所以用物主代词 his。 7.kitchen 前加 the。此处特指"我"家的厨房,故加 the。 8.what→that/which 或去掉 what。根据句子结构可知,此处为定语从句,先行词为 The dishes, 关系词在从句中作动词 cooked 的宾语,所以用关系代词 that/which 引导,关系代词在从句中作 宾语时也可以省略。 9.favoritest→favorite。favorite 作名词时,意为"特别喜爱的东西",该词作形容词时没有比较级 和最高级。分析句子结构可知,此处应用名词 favorite。 10.moving→moved。母亲既感激又感动。moved 修饰人,moving 修饰物,根据主语为 Mom 可 知,要用 moved。 Correction 5
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1.children→child。 考查名词单复数。 根据 I 和 a 可知, 这里应用可数名词单数形式, 故改为 child。 2.late→later。根据语境可知,此处表示"很多年后",故改为 later。 3.end 前加 the。考查冠词。此处 at the end of 是固定词组,表示"在……的最后"。 4.her→him。考查代词。根据上文的 he 可知,此处应改为 him。 5.was→were。考查主谓一致。根据 we 可知,谓语动词应该用复数形式,故将 was 改为 were。 6.knowing→know。考查动词。pretend (not) to do sth."假装(不)做某事",此处是不定式,后面 需要用动词原形,故改为 know。 7.去掉 had。考查动词。根据语境和下文的"would talk"可知,此处应该用 would do 结构。 8.chat→chatted。考查时态。根据本文的整体时态可知,此处应用一般过去时,故改为 chatted。 9.in→on。考查介词。on the top of 是固定词组,表示"在……的上面"。 10.excited→exciting。考查形容词。根据语境和主语 It 可知,此处表示"令人激动的",故用-ing 形式的形容词。 Correction6 1.think→thought。前两句是回忆童年的事情,因此应用一般过去时,把 think 改为 thought。 2.在 countryside 前加 the。 in the countryside "在农村",应在 countryside 前加上冠词 the。 3.or→and。根据前后句之间为并列关系可知,此处应把 or 改为 and。 4.on→with。随着工业化的发展,环境被污染了。这里表示伴随状况,因此把 on 改为 with。 5.去掉 been。很多研究表明:全球变暖已经成为一个非常严重的问题。本句应用主动语态,因 此去掉 been。 6.seriously→serious。应用形容词 serious 修饰名词,因此把 seriously 改为 serious。 7.airs→air。air 为不可数名词,因此把 airs 改为 air。 8. Much→Many。Much 修饰不可数名词,rare animals 为复数形式,因此把 Much 改为 Many。 9. found→find。在情态动词 must 之后应用动词原形,因此把 found 改为 find。 10.your→our 或 the。本句的主语为 We,用了第一人称,因此把物主代词 your 改为 our,此处也 可以改为 the。 Correction7 1.parent→parents。结合下文的"his parents were missing"可知托尼是和爸爸妈妈一起去购物的, 因此应用复数形式 parents。 2.on→in。结合生活常识可知,这里表示在商店橱窗里摆放着一个玩具,故应用 in。 3.去掉 very。 这里 so...that...引导结果状语从句, 表示"如此……以至于……", 因此 very 应去掉。 4.looks→looking。结合语境这里应用动名词作介词 After 的宾语,故应把 looks 改为 looking。 5.where→that 或者去掉 where。本句中连词 that 引导的从句充当动词 found 的宾语,that 不作句 子成分只起连接作用,同时宾语从句又可以省略掉连词 that。 6.begun→began。这里是对过去发生的事情的客观叙述,应用一般过去时,故应把 begun 改为 began。 7.telling→told。此处 and 连接的两个先后发生的动作在时态上应保持一致,故应把 telling 改为 told。 8.a→the。结合语境可知,同一名词第二次提到应表示特指,故应把 shop 前的 a 改为 the。 9.parents 前加 his。结合语境可知,这里 parents 并不是表示泛指而是指托尼的爸爸妈妈,故应 在 parents 前加 his。 10.terrible→terribly。修饰形容词应用副词,故用 terribly。 Correction8 1.去掉 last 前的 in。考查介词。当用作时间状语的词前有 next, last 等词时,其前不用介词。 2.anything→something 。考查不定代词。我想为他做一些特别的事情。表示 " 一些 " 要用代词
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something,而 anything 的意思是"任何事情"。 3.better→best。 考查形容词最高级。 我的母亲能做出世界上最好的饼干。 由 makes 后的 the 可知, 此处要用形容词最高级。 4.decide→decided。 考查动词时态。 根据整篇文章所发生的时间来看, 此处表示的是过去的事情, 所以要用一般过去时。 5.step→steps。考查名词复数。表示"烘饼干的一些基本步骤",要用名词的复数形式。 6.well→good。考查形容词辨析。well 通常指健康状况,而此处指的是食物很好,要用 good。 7.after→when/while。考查状语从句。句意:当我在把它们打包起来时,一些(饼干)掉到了地 板上。表示"当……的时候",要用 when 或 while。 8.a→the。考查冠词。根据前面的"retirement party"可知,此处表示特指,要用 the。 9.在 just 后加 to。考查非谓语动词。句意:我可能明年必须再退休一次,仅仅是为了吃到更多 的饼干。根据句子结构来判断,此处要用动词不定式作目的状语。 10.改 enjoy→enjoying。考查非谓语动词。在介词 of 之后要用动词-ing 形式。 Correction9 1.want 后加上 to。考查固定搭配。want to do sth.是固定用法,表示“想要做某事”。 2.tell→told。考查时态。句中的"last time"表明此处用一般过去时。 3.friend→friends。考查名词。句中的"three"表明此处用名词的复数形式。 4.sing→singing。考查非谓语动词。spend time (in) doing sth."花费时间做某事",为固定用法。 5.many→much。考查代词。根据语境,此处指花了"我"很多钱,应用 much 代指不可数名词。 6.so→but。考查连词。上下句有转折关系,应用 but。 7.How→What。考查疑问词。do 后缺少宾语,所以疑问代词用 What,表示"所……的事情"。 8.are→were。考查虚拟语气。根据语境,此处是对现在事实的假设,条件状语从句中的谓语动 词应用过去式。 9.him→them。考查代词。此处指作者的三个朋友,是复数概念,应用 them。 10.去掉 help 后的 with。考查介词。help 为及物动词,其后可直接跟宾语。 Correction10 1.side→sides。考查名词复数。前面为数词 three, side 为可数名词,所以要用复数形式。 2.from→of。考查介词。be made of"由……制成",可以看得出原材料,be made from"由……制 成",看不出原材料。 3.sit→sitting。考查非谓语动词。enjoy 后要接动词-ing 形式。 4.easy→easily。考查副词。此处修饰动词 see,需要用副词。 5.is→was。考查时态。从上下文的时态可知,此处应用一般过去时。 6.them→it。考查代词。此处代词指代前面的 park,是单数,所以用 it。 7.could 后的 not 去掉。考查上下文逻辑。根据上下文内容可知,从远处可以看到雪山, 故将 could 后的 not 去掉。 8.in 后面加 a。考查冠词。in a hurry 是固定词组,意为"匆忙"。 9.felt→feel。 考查非谓语动词。 make sb. do sth.意为"使某人做某事", 此处应用动词原形作宾补。 10.If→Although/Though。考查连词。此处意为"虽然",应用 Although 或 Though 来引导让步状 语从句。 Correction11 1.before→ago。考查副词。ago 是个后置副词,放在表示时间的词语之后,因此把 before 改为 ago。 2.by→of。考查介词。with the help of sb."在某人的帮助下"是固定搭配。 3.year→years。考查名词的单复数。for all these years"这么多年来",因此应用 year 的复数形式
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years。 4.had→have。考查时态。结合文意可知,此处表示从过去开始而延续到现在的动作,因此应用 现在完成时,把 had 改为 have。 5.在 result 前加 a。考查固定短语。as a result"结果"是固定短语。 6.somewhere→everywhere。考查副词。根据语境可知,此处表示"到处都是这种植物",因此把 somewhere 改为 everywhere。 7.taste→tasty。考查形容词。句中的 juicy 为形容词,因此把 taste 改为 tasty"好吃的",用形容词 作表语。 8.much→many。考查限定词。此处表示"圣女果太多了,因此我们常与邻居分享"。many 修饰可 数名词,much 修饰不可数名词。因此把 much 改为 many。 9.but→yet 或去掉 but。考查连词。从句中已经出现了连词 Although,因此应去掉主句中的 but, 或将其改为 yet。 10.wonderfully→wonderful 。考查形容词。应用形容词修饰名词,因此把 wonderfully 改为 wonderful。 Correction12 1.They→There。考查 there be 句型。根据句子结构来判断,要用 there be 句型,意思是"有"。句 意:在早上有三节课,下午有两节课。故把 They 改为 There。 2.didn't→don't。考查动词时态。文章主体时态为一般现在时,此处表示"我们(每天)不需要做 如此多的家庭作业",所以要用一般现在时。故把 didn't 改为 don't。 3.many→much。考查不可数名词的修饰词。由于 homework 是不可数名词,故修饰该词应用 much,而 many 修饰可数名词。故把 many 改为 much。 4.with→for。考查介词。后接表示对象、用途等的名词时应用介词 for,意为"对,给,供"。 5.half 后的 hour→hours。考查名词复数。hour 前有"one and a half"修饰,所以其后的名词要用复 数形式。故把 hour 改为 hours。 6.look→looks。考查主谓一致。根据句子的主语"My dream school"可判断出,谓语动词要用单数 形式,同时叙述的是现在的情况,故应用 looks。 7.去掉 flowers 前面的 the。考查冠词。句意:我们教学楼周围有各种各样的花和树木。根据句 意可知,此处表示"泛指"的概念,所以 flowers 前不用定冠词。 8.sat→sit。考查动词时态。根据句子结构可知,lie 和 sat 是并列关系,由于在情态动词 can 之 后,所以应用动词原形。故把 sat 改为 sit。 9.在 listening 后加 to。考查固定短语。短语 listen to 的意思是"听",to 是介词,其后接名词。 10.helpfully→helpful。考查形容词。根据句子结构可知,此处要用形容词作表语。故把 helpfully 改为 helpful。 Correction13 1.去掉 had。考查时态。此处只是对过去事实的描述,故用一般过去时。 2.noise→noisy。考查形容词。be 动词后面用形容词,故把 noise 改为 noisy。 3.comes→came。考查时态。根据上下文可知此处要用一般过去时。 4.but→and。考查连词。前后句之间是承接关系,故用并列连词 and。 5.searching 后面加上 for。考查固定搭配。search for "搜寻,找寻", search sb."搜身"。 6.his→its 或 the。考查代词或者冠词。此处的 owner 指的是车票的所有者,所以应该用 its 或者 用定冠词 the 表示特指。 7.a→the。考查冠词。根据上下文语境可知,此处指丢失的那张车票,故应用定冠词 the 表示特 指。 8.previous→previously。考查副词。修饰动词 spoken 应用副词 previously。
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9.strangers→stranger。考查名词的单复数。这里指车票的主人,故要用单数。 10.on→in。考查介词。in need 是固定搭配。 Correction14 1.在 wanted 后加 to。考查非谓语动词。want 后接动词要用其动词不定式作宾语。 2.come→came。考查动词时态。根据语境可知,此处表示过去的动作,所以要用一般过去时。 故把 come 改为 came。 3.have→having。考查非谓语动词。根据句子结构来判断,此处要用现在分词作状语,表示伴随 情况。故把 have 改为 having。 4.immediate→immediately。考查副词。根据句子结构来判断,此处要用副词修饰动词 jumped。 故把 immediate 改为 immediately。 5.on→at。考查介词。短语 shoot at 的意思是"向……射击"。 6.Neither→None。考查不定代词。根据句子前的"their arrows"可判断出,此处表示多只箭,所以 用 none,表示"没有一个";而 neither 表示"两者都不"。故把 Neither 改为 None。 7.was→were。考查主谓一致。由于句子主语为"the arrows",故谓语动词要用复数形式,同时此 处表示过去的动作,所以要用 were。 8.去掉 were 或 looked。考查主系表结构。根据句子结构来判断,此处是系表结构。短语 be like 表示"相像",look like 表示"看起来像",故去掉 were 或 looked。 9.but→and。 考查连词。 根据句意可知, 前后表示并列关系, 而不是转折关系。 故把 but 改为 and。 10.a→an。考查冠词。由于 impressive 的发音是以元音音素开头的,所以要用不定冠词 an。故 把 a 改为 an。 Correction15 1.with→about。考查介词。根据句意可知,表示"谈论某事"要用 talk about sth.。故把 with 改为 about。 2.go→goes。考查主谓一致。根据从句主语"a fire alarm"可知,从句的谓语要用单数形式。故将 go 改为 goes。 3.wait 后加 for。考查动词短语。此处表示等你的老师带你出去。表示"等待",要用 wait for。 4.classmate→classmates。考查名词复数。根据句意"和你的老师以及同学们待在一起"可知,此 处表示许多同学,故要用名词的复数形式。 5.trying→try。考查祈使句。根据句子的结构可知,此处 and 连接两个并列的祈使句,所以此处 要用动词原形。故将 trying 改为 try。 6.calmly→calm。考查形容词作表语。此处应使用形容词作 remain 的表语,表示"保持镇 静"。故将 calmly 改为 calm。 7.a→the。考查冠词。此处表示"扑灭这场火"。前文已经提到过,第二次出现,要用定冠词 the。 故将 a 改为 the。 8.us→you。考查代词。根据句意可知,此处表示"你的老师将带你们回到教室"。故将 us 改为 you。 9.去掉 when。考查连词。此处表示"如果你注意到有人失踪了或是受伤了"。根据句子的结构来 判断,notice 后接一个宾语从句,从句表达完整的内容,故去掉 when。 10.and→or。考查连词。根据句意可知,此处用 or"或者"表示可能,故把 and 改为 or。 Correction 16 1.去掉 to。考查介词多余。此处 bothers 是及物动词,意思是"使烦恼",其后直接接宾语。故去 掉 us 前的 to。 2.time→times。考查名词的数。此处 time 作"次数"讲,且其前有 several 修饰,所以要用复数形 式。

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3.understanding→understand。考查非谓语动词。根据句子结构来判断,It 是形式主语,真正的 主语是后面的动词不定式。故将 understanding 改为 understand。 4.have→has。考查主谓一致。根据句子结构来判断,句子的主语是"The early morning barking", 故将 have 改为 has。 5.Beside→Besides。 考查形近词。 beside 的意思是"在旁边"; 而 besides 作介词时, 意思是"除…… 之外(还)"。besides 还可以用作副词,意思是 "此外,而且"。此处应用副词,故把 Beside 改 为 Besides。 6.a→an。考查冠词。由于 average 是以元音音素开头的,所以其前要用不定冠词 an。 7.starts→started。考查时态。根据句中的"This morning"可判断出,此处表示发生在过去的动作, 所以要用一般过去时。故把 starts 改为 started。 8.closely→close。考查易混词。注意 close 和 closely 用作副词的差别。close "接近,靠近",指 距离; 而 closely 表示 "密切地"。 根据句意可知, 此处表示距离上的接近。 故把 closely 改为 close。 9.our→your。考查代词。根据句意以及"we hope that you can..."可知,此处表示"你们的",而不 是"我们的"。故把 our 改为 your。 10.figure 后加 out。考查动词搭配。此处表示"我们希望你们能够想出一个解决这个问题的好方 法"。figure out 的意思是"弄清楚,弄明白"。 Correction17 1.holding→hold。此处考查习惯搭配。used to do sth.表示"过去常常做某事"。 2.passes→passed。 此处考查时态。 作者在文中回忆了自己的奶奶和爷爷, 再结合文中的"I was only four "可知,此处应用一般过去时。 3.much→well 或 clearly。此处考查副词。remember sth./sb. very well/clearly"很清楚地记得某事/ 某人"。 4.shoulder→shoulders。 此处考查名词。人有两个肩膀,因此 shoulder 应用复数形式。 5.toward→to 或 into。此处考查介词。turn from A to/into B 表示"由 A 变成 B"。 6.himself→him。此处考查代词。他的嗓音低沉,这使他与众不同。短语 set sb.apart from 意为 "使与众不同"。 7.在 he 前加 and。此处考查连词。根据语境并分析句子成分可知,逗号前后为两个并列的分句, 因此应用连词 and 连接。 8.去掉 fact 之前的 a。此处考查固定短语。in fact 表示"事实上"。 9.during→when。此处考查状语从句。during 为介词,后可接名词或代词,不能引导从句,故应 改为 when。when 在此处引导时间状语从句。 10.never→ever。此处考查副词。根据语境可知,此处表示 "我的爷爷是我曾见过的最温和的一 个人"。ever"曾经",符合语境。 Correction18 1.去掉 of。考查动词。read 为及物动词,其后不加介词。 2.Have→Having。考查非谓语动词。此处应用动名词短语作主语。 3.that→which。 考查定语从句的引导词。 which 在此引导非限制性定语从句, 并在从句中作主语。 4.becomes→became。考查时态。此处在介绍英国人喝下午茶这一习俗的形成,故应用一般过去 时。 5.在 day 前面加 the。考查冠词。day 是可数名词,且在此处表特指,其前应用定冠词 the。 6.Interesting→Interestingly。考查副词。此处应用副词作评述性状语。 7.by→with 或 to。考查习惯搭配。have a connection with/to 是习惯搭配,表示"与……有联系"。 8.drank→drunk。考查被动语态。分析句子结构可知,此处应用过去分词构成被动语态。 9.good 后的 cup→cups。考查名词的单复数。此处 cup 为可数名词,应用复数形式表示泛指,指
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各种各样的茶杯。 10.grow→growth。考查词性。此处 grow 要作介词 for 的宾语,应用其名词形式 growth。 Correction19 1.go→went。考查时态。句中出现了"One Sunday morning",同时整篇文章说明的是过去的情况, 故要用一般过去时。 2.ours→our。考查形容词性物主代词。修饰名词短语"fishing poles"要用形容词性物主代词。 3.去掉 so。考查连词。根据句子结构可知,此处是一个 as soon as 引导的时间状语从句,所以不 能再使用连词 so。 4.Before→After。考查介词。根据句子意思可知,此处指的是我们在等了大约半个小时之后。 5.impatiently→impatient。考查形容词。get 是系动词,后面要用形容词作表语。 6.and→but。考查连词。根据上下文的意思可知,此处表示转折。 7.were→was。考查主谓一致。在 there be 句型中,be 的变化要和后面的名词保持一致。根据后 面的"a sudden pull"可知,谓语动词要用单数形式。 8.在 fish 前加 a。考查冠词。此处用不定冠词 a,表示泛指。 9.minute→minutes。考查名词复数。由于前面有 few 修饰,所以后面的名词要用复数形式。 10.Felt→Feeling。考查非谓语动词。根据句子的结构可知,feel 与其逻辑主语 we 之间为主谓关 系,故应用现在分词作状语,表示原因。 Correction20 1.difficulty→difficult。考查词性辨析。动词 find 后用形容词作宾语补足语。 2.hardly→hard。考查副词的辨析。表示"费力地"用副词 hard,hardly 是表示否定意义的副词, 不符合语境。 3.asking→asked。考查时态。句中缺少谓语动词,故用 asked(过去式)作谓语。 4.去掉 copy 前的 to。考查成分赘余。let 后用不带 to 的不定式作宾语补足语。 5.think→thinking。考查非谓语动词。介词 after 后用动名词作宾语。 6.all→both。考查代词指代。根据语境可知此处指两人,所以用 both。 7.在 same 前加上 the。考查固定搭配。same 之前需加定冠词 the。 8.tests→test。考查名词的数。文中指最近进行的一次化学考试,所以用单数形式。 9.so→or。考查逻辑关系。根据语境可知此处应用连词 or,表示"否则,要不然"。 10.does→did。考查时态。短文是在讲故事,讲述的是发生过的事,所以用一般过去时。 Correction 21 1.with→on。考查介词。spend time/money on sth."在……上花费时间/金钱",为固定用法。故把 with 改为 on。 2.去掉 so。考查句子结构。因为该句逗号前面是 with 复合结构作状语,因此连词 so 多余,so 一般用来连接两个句子。故去掉 so。 3.have→has。考查主谓一致。因为本句的主语是 Hard work,为第三人称单数形式,因此要用 has。故把 have 改为 has。 4.healthy→health。考查名词。his 是形容词性物主代词,后面应该接名词,所以把 healthy 改为 health。 5.which→what。考查连词。此处引导表语从句,且在从句中作宾语,要用 what,表示"所…… 的"。故把 which 改为 what。 6.visit 前加 a。考查冠词。pay a visit to sb.表示"拜访某人",为固定搭配。故在 visit 前加上不定 冠词 a。 7.her→his。考查代词。根据上下文内容可知,此处应用 his 指代 Mr. Johnson's。故把 her 改为 his。
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8.step→stepped。考查时态。根据前面的 Yesterday afternoon,paid,was,had 等词可知,此处应用一 般过去时。故把 step 改为 stepped。 9.picture→pictures。 考查名词的数。 picture 是可数名词, 又因前面有 some of the 修饰, 所以 picture 应用复数形式。故把 picture 改为 pictures。 10.many→much。考查 many 与 much 的区别。修饰动词 missed 应用副词 much,much 在此用作 程度副词,而 many 通常用作限定词和代词,所以把 many 改为 much。 Correction 22 1.去掉 far。考查固定搭配。"距离+away from+地点"表示"距某地多远"。故去掉 far。 2.move→moved。考查时态。由 last week 可知,此处应用一般过去时。故把 move 改为 moved。 3.other→another。 考查限定词。 表示不确定数目中的另一个要用 another。 故把 other 改为 another。 4.classmate→classmates。考查名词的数。同学不止一个,所以用复数形式。故把 classmate 改为 classmates。 5.or→and。考查连词。根据上下文内容可知,此处表示"和",而不是选择关系,故用 and。 6.bad→worse。考查固定表达。to make matters worse 是固定表达,表示"更糟糕的是"。故把 bad 改为 worse。 7.first 前加 the 或 my。考查冠词或代词。first 是序数词,前面要加定冠词 the;或在 first day 前 面加代词 my。故在 first 前加 the 或 my。 8.tiring→tired。考查易混词。此处表示"我非常累",修饰人,应用 tired。而 tiring"累人的",通 常修饰物。 9.sleep→asleep。考查固定词组。fall asleep 是固定词组,表示"入睡"。故把 sleep 改为 asleep。 10.第二个 is→are。考查主谓一致。此处主语是 you,所以系动词要用 are。故把 is 改为 are。 Correction 23 1.little→less。 考查比较级。 根据前面的 more 可判断出此处表示比较, 要用形容词的比较级, little 的比较级是 less。故把 little 改为 less。 2.toy→toys。考查名词的数。此处是"each of+n."结构,意思是"……中的每一个"。名词要用复 数形式,故把 toy 改为 toys。 3.did→went。考查固定搭配。go wrong"出故障",是固定搭配,所以把 did 改为 went。 4.第一个 it→them。考查代词。此处代替上文提到的 toys,所以要用 them。 5.parents 前加 my。考查语境理解。根据句意可知,此处表示"我的父母"。故在 parents 前加上 my。 6.which→what。考查连词。宾语从句缺少主语,又因这里表示"所……的事情",只能用 what。 故把 which 改为 what。 7.tear→tore。 考查时态。 此处要用过去时, 与主句的 said 在时态上保持一致。 故把 tear 改为 tore。 8.第三个 to→for。考查介词。根据上文中的"For a while my parents bought me new toys."可知, 此处是句子"No more toys will be bought for you."的省略形式,动词 buy 后接双宾语时有两种形 式:buy sb. sth.或 buy sth. for sb.。故把 to 改为 for。 9.must→could/might。考查情态动词。must 的意思是"必须,一定",与句意不符;根据语境可知, 这里表示"能够"或"可以"。故把 must 改为 could/might。 10.去掉第四个 to。考查固定用法。使役动词 make 后接不定式(短语)作宾补时,要省略不定式 符号 to。故去掉 to。 Correction 24 1.visit→visited。考查时态。因为句中有明确的过去时间状语 last month,因此 visit 要用过去式。 故把 visit 改为 visited。 2.but→and。考查连词。根据上下文的逻辑关系可知,此处为因果关系,而不是转折关系,故把
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but 改为 so。也可以理解成顺承关系,把 but 改为 and。 3.去掉 anywhere 前的 to。考查介词多余。anywhere 为副词,其前不用介词。故去掉 to。 4.comfortably→comfortable。考查形容词。此处应该用形容词修饰后面的名词 double-room。故 把 comfortably 改为 comfortable。 5.were→was。考查主谓一致。根据句子结构可判断出 What I liked best 是主语从句。一般来说, 主语从句视为单数,故应用 was。 6.for→with。考查介词。短语 share with sb. sth.的意思是"和某人分享某物/事"。 故把 for 改为 with。 7.taking→taken。 考查非谓语动词。 根据句子结构可判断出, 此处在句子中作定语,修饰 photos, 又因 take 与 photos 是动宾关系,故用过去分词 taken。 8.dish→dishes。考查名词的数。dish 在此表示"菜肴",为可数名词,前面有 several 对其进行修 饰,故用复数形式。 9.such 后加 a。考查冠词。hotel 为可数名词单数,且此处表泛指,故要在其前加上 a。 10.me→mine。考查代词。此处是双重所有格,of 后应该用名词性物主代词 mine。 Correction 25 1.have→had。考查时态。根据整篇文章可判断出,文章说的是过去发生的事,所以应该用一般 过去时,故把 have 改为 had。 2.第一个 for→of。考查介词。It's kind of you to do sth.为固定句型,意思是"你做……真是太好了 "。故把 for 改为 of。 3.Unfortunate→Unfortunately。 考查副词。 根据句子前后的结构可判断出, 此处要用副词作状语, 意思是"不幸地"。故把 Unfortunate 改为 Unfortunately。 4.第二个 for→as。考查固定搭配。as a result 是固定搭配,意思是"结果"。 5.mile→miles。考查名词的数。由于 mile 是可数名词,同时其前有 six 对其进行修饰,所以应 该用复数形式。故把 mile 改为 miles。 6.unless→until/till。考查连词。此处后面是一个时间状语从句,意思是"我们一直等到路通了为 止"。unless 的意思是"除非,如果不",故把 unless 改为 until/till。 7.here→there。考查语境理解。这里叙述的是别处发生的事,所以要用 there。 8.as 后加 a。考查冠词。car 是可数名词,且此处表示泛指,所以其前要加上 a。 9.They→We。考查代词。根据语境可知,这里所叙述的是"我们"做的事,所以要用 We。 10.去掉 home 前的 to。考查介词多余。短语 make one's way home 意为"回家",其中 home 为副 词,前面不用介词 to。故去掉 to。

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