★★★对比观点题型 （1） 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1． 有一些人认为。。 。 2． 另一些人认为。。 。 3． 我的看法。。 。 The topic of ①----------------- 主题） becoming more and more popular recently. There are （ is two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------（支持 A 的理由一）What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持 B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------ 理由二） Thirdly （ . (finally),⑦------------------(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------（我的观点）. The reason is that ⑨ --------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . (1) 不同观点列举型（ 选择型 ） There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. However, Some people hold the idea that_观二_____. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二_. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. ★★★解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径 １． 问题现状 ２． 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) In recent days, we have to face one problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明Ａ的现状)．Second, ----------(举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------( 解 决 方 法 一 ). For another -------------( 解 决 方 法 二 ). Finally, --------------(解决方法三). Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is waiting us because --------------(带来的好处). ★★★议论文的框架 （1）利弊型的议论文 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is
widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___. ( 2) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语 has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.. ★★★图表作文的框架 as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作 文题 目的 议题 _____ has been on rise/ decrease (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________. There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded. 常用句型 1、Nowadays，it is generally/commonly believed that..., but I wonder that... 2、“如同硬币的正反面，...也有积极的一面和消极的一面。” Like a coin has two sides, there is a positive aspect and a negative aspect to... 3、“近来，...的问题已经成为人们注目的焦点。” Currently, the issue of ...has been brought to public attention. 4、“随着...的快速增长，...在日常生活中已经变得越来越重要。” Along with the rapid growth of ...,...has become increasingly important in our daily life.
5、“由汽车引起的空气和噪音污染对我们的健康造成了危害。” Air pollution and noise pollution caused by automobiles do harm to our health. (1) I strongly suggest that a series of effective measures should be taken to stop this. (2) I strongly appeal to everyone to use transportation as often as possible. (3) For one thing ,… For another Firstly… Secondly… Thirdly… (4) As far as I’m concerned,… (5) With the development of agriculture and industry … (6) Only in this way can we live in harmony with nature. (7) There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem. (8) The situation will lead to more serious problem if left unsolved. (9) It is convenient for somebody to do something. It is A rather than B that is to blame. (10) in the age of information and communication. (11) in today’s industrial society (12) with the increase\grows of the population (13) with the advance of science and technology (14) I’m greatly convinced that (15) I have a dream that one day I will be admitted to the university. (16) taking all these things into consideration \account (17) As is apparently shown \seen in the picture\chart (18) These reasons, in my mind, can account for this phenomenon. (19) The reason that can account for it is that (20) What surprised us most is that much importance is attached to making money regardless of the environment protection. (21) As we all know that, What is known to us all is that (22) Every coin has its two sides. Recently, the problem of … has aroused people’s concern. 最近,……问题已引起人们的关注. The Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well. 互联网已在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色.它给我们带来了许多好处,但也产生了一 些严重的问题. Nowadays, (overpopulation) has become a problem we have to face. 如今，（人口过剩）已成为我们不得不面对的问题了. It is commonly believed that … / It is a common belief that … 人们一般认为…… Many people insist that … 很多人坚持认为…… With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that… 随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为…… A lot of people seem to think that … 很多人似乎认为…… 引出不同观点: People’s views on … vary from person to person. Some hold that …. However, others believe that….人们对……的观点因人而异.有些人认为……，然而其他人却认为……
People may have different opinions on …人们对……可能会有不同的见解. Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person.人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异. There are different opinions among people as to …关于……，人们的观点大不相同. Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同。 结尾 Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that… 把所有这些因素加以考虑,我们自然会得出结论…… Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that … 考虑所有这些因素,我们可能会得出合理的结论…… Hence/Therefore, we’d better come to the conclusion that … 因此,我们最好得出这样的结论…… There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits. 毫无疑问,跳槽有优点也有缺点. All in all, we cannot live without … But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise. 总之,我们没有…是无法生活的.但同时,我们必须寻求新的解决办法来对付可能出现的新问 题. 提出建议: It is high time that we put an end to the (trend).该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了. It is time to take the advice of … and to put special emphasis on the improvement of … 该是采纳……的建议，并对……的进展给予特殊重视的时候了。 There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of … 毫无疑问,对……问题应予以足够的重视. Obviously, … If we want to do something … , it is essential that … 显然,如果我们想做某事,很重要的是… Only in this way can we … 只有这样，我们才能…… It must be realized that …我们必须意识到…… 预示后果: Obviously, if we don’t control the problem, the chances are that … will lead us in danger. 很明显,如果我们不能控制这一问题,很有可能我们会陷入危险. No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that … 毫无疑问,除非我们采取有效措施,很可能会…… It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation. 很紧迫的是,应立即采取措施阻止这一事态的发展.
论证 From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the first opinion rather than the second. 在我看来,支持第一种观点比支持第二种观点更有道理. I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …我无法完全同意这一观点…… Personally, I am standing on the side of …就个人而言,我站在……的一边. I sincerely believe that …我真诚地相信…… In my opinion, it is more advisable to do … than to do …. 在我个人看来,做……比做……更明智. Finally, to speak frankly, there is also a more practical reason why … 给出原因: This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons. First, … Second, … Third, … 这一现象的存在是有许多原因的.首先，……；第二,，……；第三，…… Why did …? For one thing …，for another …. Perhaps the primary reason is… 为什么会……？一个原因是……，令一个原因是……；或许其主要原因是…… I quite agree with the statement that … The reasons are chiefly as follows. 我十分赞同这一论述,即……，其主要原因如下: 列出解决办法: Here are some suggestions for handling … 这是如何处理某事的一些建议. The best way to solve the troubles is … 解决这些麻烦的最好办法是…… People have figured out many ways to solve this problem. 人们已找出许多办法来解决这个问 题. 批判错误观点和做法: As far as something is concerned, … 就某事而言，…… It was obvious that …很显然,…. It may be true that …, but it doesn’t mean that … 可能……是对的,但这并不意味着…… It is natural to believe that …, but we shouldn’t ignore that … 认为……是很自然的,但我们不应忽视…… There is no evidence to suggest that … 没有证据表明…… 如何连接 强调 still, indeed, apparently, oddly enough, of course, after all, significantly, interestingly, also, above all, surely, certainly, undoubtedly, in any case, anyway, above all, in fact, especially, obviously, clearly. 比较 like, similarly, likewise, in the same way, in the same manner, equally.
对比 by contrast, on the contrary, while, whereas, on the other hand, unlike, instead, but, conversely, different from, however, nevertheless, otherwise, whereas, unlike, yet, in contrast. 列举 for example, for instance, such as, take …for example, except (for), to illustrate. 时间 later, next, then, finally, at last, eventually, meanwhile, from now on, at the same time, for the time being, in the end, immediately, in the meantime, in the meanwhile, recently, soon, now and then, during, nowadays, since, lately, as soon as, afterwards, temporarily, earlier, now, after a while. 顺序 first, second, third, then, finally, to begin with, first of all, in the first place, last, next, above all, last but not the least, first and most important. 可能 presumably, probably, perhaps. 解释 in other words, in fact, as a matter of fact, that is, namely, in simpler terms. 递进 What is more, in addition, and, besides, also, furthermore, too, moreover, furthermore, as well as, additionally, again. 让步 although, after all, in spite of…, despite, even if, even though, though, admittedly, whatever may happen. 转折 however, rather than, instead of, but, yet, on the other hand, unfortunately, whereas 原因 for this reason, due to, thanks to, because, because of, as, since, owing to. 结果 as a result, thus, hence, so, therefore, accordingly, consequently, as a consequence 总结 on the whole, in conclusion, in a word, to sum up, in brief, in summary, to conclude, to summarize, in short. 其他 mostly, occasionally, currently, naturally, mainly, exactly, evidently, frankly commonly, for this purpose, to a large extent, for most of us, in many cases, in this case
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