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2017_2018学年高中英语Unit3UnderstandingeachotherSectionⅢ课件牛津译林版选修6_图文

Section Ⅲ Task & Project







一、写作词汇 预习Task & Project部分的词汇,完成下列小对话或语段。 1.—What did the teacher say just now? —He asked us not to leave out details while retelling (复述) the text. 2.—What do you think of the young man? —He is honest and full of bravery (勇敢). 3.—Why did you stop asking the man questions? —Because I saw my teacher’s gesture (手势). 4.—What did the teacher ask you to do just now? —He asked me to give an account (描述)of the whole thing.







5.When you come to our city,I will show you around (领着你逛 逛).There are slight (轻微的)differences in the customs here.We will go to see some musical instruments (乐器)and some carved (雕刻)stone walls. 6.The minority (少数)of the people don’t go home on the Spring Festival.They are short of money.They seldom have a chance to eat roast (烤的)chicken.Some of their children can’t get enough food, let alone (更不用说)go to school.







二、阅读词汇 预习Task & Project部分的词汇,写出画线部分的汉语意思。 When the Spring Festival drew near,cleaning the house would take up 1. 占据 much of our time.In addition,we sent some cards to express our greetings 2. 问候 to friends and relatives.The whole family would sit at the table,waiting for a feast 3. 盛宴 .After that,the family would watch TV,from which we would learn about different cultures and religions 4. 宗教 .Sometimes one of our children wore a mask 5. 面具 and played a joke on us.At that moment,happiness would govern 6. 控制 everyone.







三、阅读Project中的材料,完成下列各题 1.The often collect food from the bush around them. A.Inuit B.Aborigines C.Maoris D.American Indians 答案:B 2. live in wooden houses. A.Inuit B.Aborigines C.Maoris D.American Indians 答案:C 3.In ,you may see natives smoking a peace pipe. A.Canada B.Australia C.New Zealand D.North America 答案:D







4.Inuit . A.ride on a dog sled B.use the boomerang(飞镖) to hunt animals C.go night fishing D.do the sun dance

答案:A

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1.Your headmaster asked some students to show the guests around.(P42) 你们的校长让一些学生领着客人四处参观。 ★考点:show sb.around/round 带某人到处参观 ①He’ll show you around so that you can meet everyone. 他会带你到各处看看,好让你和大家见见面。 ②When will you show me around your school? 你什么时候带我去参观你们的学校?

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的相关词组及含义 ③She always likes showing off her new clothes. 她总是喜欢炫耀自己的新衣服。 show off 炫耀 词组 含义 ④It is seven o’clock,but she hasn’t shown up. 都七点钟了,但是她还没有出现。 show up 出现;露面 词组 含义 ⑤I’ll ask someone to show you out/in. 我会让人领着你出去/进来的。 词组 show sb.in/out 含义 领着某人进来/出去

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show sb. around 带某人参观 show off炫耀;展示 show up出现 show sb.in/out领着某人进来/出去

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2.One man called Mr Singh wouldn’t shake hands with me when I held out my left hand.(P42) 当我伸出左手时,一个叫辛格的人并没有和我握手。 ★考点:hold out 伸出;拿出 ①He held out both of his hands to welcome the guest. 他伸出双手来迎接客人。 ②When the beggar saw me,he held out his hand. 当这个乞丐看到我时,他伸出了手。 考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的相关词组及含义 ③I am afraid the water supply can’t hold out longer than a month. 我担心水的供应最多能维持一个月了。 维持 hold out 词组 含义

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④We can only hold out for a few more hours. 我们只能再坚守几个小时了。 hold out 坚守 词组 含义 ⑤Her parents worried that her boyfriend were holding her back. 她的父母担心她的男朋友会阻碍她的发展。 hold back 阻碍 词组 含义 ⑥The girl was too sad to hold back her tears. 这个女孩太难过而忍不住哭了。 hold back 克制 词组 含义 ⑦She held off calling him until the last moment. 她一直拖到最后一刻才给他打电话。 hold off 拖延 词组 含义

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⑧We’ll hold on another minute,and then we’ll have to go. 我们再等一分钟,然后我们就得走了。 等待 hold on 词组 含义 ⑨Hold on to the seat in front when we go round the corner. 我们拐弯时,抓住前面的座椅。 hold on to 紧紧抓住 词组 含义 ⑩Sorry,I’m late,but my train was held up. 对不起,我迟到了,我的火车晚点了。 耽搁 hold up 词组 含义

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hold out 伸出;拿出;维持;坚守 hold back阻碍;克制 hold off拖延 hold on等待 hold on to紧紧抓住 hold up耽搁;举起

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3.I have no idea what he will do with them all,and it took up a lot of time.(P42) 我不知道他会怎么处理它们,并且这占用了太多的时间。 ★考点一:what he will do with them all 是一个同位语从句,解释 说明idea的内容。可以跟同位语从句的名词通常有 news,fact,promise,question,doubt,thought,hope,message,suggestio n,word(消息),possibility等抽象名词。 ①We were sad to hear the news that the plane A320 crashed in France in March,2015. 在2015年3月我们听到飞机A320在法国爆炸的消息都很难过。 ②I have no idea how he managed to persuade the old man to change his mind. 我不知道他是怎样让这个老人改变了主意的。

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③We haven’t yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation. 到哪儿去度暑假,这个问题我们还没有决定。 注意 (1)在某些名词(如demand,wish,suggestion 等)后面的同位语 从句要用虚拟语气。 There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from the team. 有人建议布朗应该离队。 (2)引导同位语从句的连词that通常不省略。 He gabbed his suitcase and gave the impression that he was boarding the Tokyo plane. 他拿起了手提箱,给人的印象是他即将要登上飞往东京的飞机。

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(3)whether可引导同位语从句,但if不能引导同位语从句。 The question whether we should call in a specialist was answered by the family doctor. 我们是否请专家由家庭医生来决定。 ★考点二:take up占据(时间或空间);开始(从事);拿起 ④Another advantage is that it’s slim,so it won’t take up too much space in your bag. 它的另一个好处就是很轻便,放在包里不会占据太多的空间。 ⑤This type of influence can also get a friend off drugs,or help an adult take up a good habit or drop a bad one. 这种影响可能让一个朋友脱离毒品,或者帮助一个成年人养成一 个好习惯或者放弃一个坏习惯。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的相关词组及含义 ⑥The young man will take over the company when his father is old. 这个青年会在父亲年老时接管这个公司。 接管 take over 词组 含义

⑦Please take down what the man is going to say at the meeting. 请记下这个人要在会议上说的话。 记下 take down 词组 含义 ⑧After the heavy snow,the city took on a new look. 大雪过后,这个城市呈现出新的面貌。 呈现 take on 词组 含义

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⑨You mustn’t be taken in by some advertisements. 你千万不要被某些广告给骗了。 take in 欺骗 词组 含义 ⑩It was too hot here,and you’d better take off your thick coat. 这里太热了,你最好把厚外套脱下来。 take off 脱下 词组 含义

take up 占据(时间或空间);开始(从事);拿起 take over 接管,接任 take down 记下;拿下 take on 呈现;承担;雇用 take in 接受,理解;欺骗 take off 脱下;请假;起飞

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4.In Thailand and other parts of South-East Asia,the normal greeting is a slight bow with the hands pressed together.(P43) 在泰国和东南亚的其他一些地区,通常的打招呼方式是双手合十 并微微鞠躬。 ★考点:with the hands pressed是with的复合结构:with+宾语+宾 语补足语,此处是过去分词作宾语补足语,表示被动。 ①The man was brought in,with his hands tied behind his back. 这个人被带了进来,手被绑在后面。 ②With all the homework finished,the boy went out to play. 做完了所有的作业,这个男孩出去玩了。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体部分的构成 ③He is used to sleeping with the window open. 他习惯于开着窗户睡觉。 with+宾语+形容词 构成 ④The teacher came into the classroom with a book in his hand. 老师手上拿着本书走进了教室。 with+宾语+介词短语 构成 ⑤The girl felt very safe with her mother standing behind her. 母亲站在后面,这个女孩感到很安全。 with+宾语+动词-ing形式 构成

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⑥With so many books to read,I have no time to chat with you. 我没有时间和你聊天,因为有好多书要读。 with+宾语+不定式 构成 ⑦With some goods bought,the woman left the shop. 买了东西之后,这个女人离开了商店。 with+宾语+过去分词 构成

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5.We offer you the chance to visit different minority cultures and experience for yourself their traditions,customs and way of life.(P46) 我们给您提供机会,让您接触各种少数民族文化,亲身体验他们 的传统、风俗和生活方式。 ★考点:minority n.少数;少数民族 ①A small minority voted against the motion. 投票反对该提议的人占少数。 ②There are fifty-five minorities in China. 中国有55个少数民族。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义 ③Some minor changes may be necessary. 也许有必要做些小的改动。 形容词 词性 含义 较小的;次要的 ④Women are in the minority in the top ranks of government. 在政府的高级职位中,妇女占少数。 占少数 词组 in the minority 含义 ⑤Age is a major factor affecting chances of employment. 年龄是影响就业机会的一个重要因素。 形容词 重要的;大的 词性 含义

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⑥He majored in history while he was at college. 他上大学时,主修的是历史。 major in 主修…… 词组 含义 ⑦Young women are in the majority in the fashion industry. 年轻女性在时装业占多数。 占多数 词组 in the majority 含义

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6.While staying with the Inuit people you will have the chance to ride on a dog sled and travel in a seal-skin boat.(P46) 在与因纽特人相处期间,你将有机会乘坐狗拉雪橇,划用海豹皮 制成的皮筏子。 ★考点:while staying为“连词+分词”结构,从句的主语为it或和主 句的主语一致,且从句的谓语含有be的某种形式,可以省略从句的 主语和be。有相似用法的连词还 有:when,if,unless,though,once,than,as if等。

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①While (I was)walking in the street,I saw the actor Zhou Xun,who starred in the plays Red Sorghum. 我在街上走着时,看见了电视剧《红高粱》的主演——演员周迅。 ②Unless (he is) in uniform,he doesn’t look like a policeman. 如果不穿制服,他看上去不像警察。 ③Whenever (she is) free,she often goes shopping. 她有空就去逛商店。 ④The boy is running impatiently here and there as if(he is) searching for something lost on the play ground. 这男孩很不耐心地在操场上到处跑着仿佛在找什么东西。 ⑤If (it is) possible,he will help you out of the difficulty. 如果可能的话,他会帮你摆脱困境。

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注意 当主句和从句的主语不一致时,不能用此省略结构。如: While giving a lecture in the hall,the alarm went off. (×) While giving a lecture in the hall,a student rushed in. (×) While giving a lecture in the hall,the professor kept his phone off.(√) While giving a lecture in the hall,a glass of water was brought to him.(×)

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7.You will have the chance to join one of these large assemblies and take part in the dancing,listen to traditional accounts of bravery,and play games.(P46) 你将有机会参加其中一个这样的大型聚会活动,和他们一起跳舞, 聆听他们的传统英雄故事,还可以参与游戏。 ★考点:account n.描述,叙述 ①The man gave an account of the ship accident in Korea. 这个人叙述了韩国沉船事故的经过。 ②This is a particular account of the accident. 这是一份特殊的事故报告。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义 ③How do I open an account with your bank? 我如何在你们银行开一个账户? 名词 账户 词性 含义 ④She can’t work much on account of the children. 她主要是因为孩子而不能工作。 因为 词组 on account of 含义 ⑤On no account should the soldiers be blamed for what happened. 无论如何士兵们也不应该为所发生的事情受责备。 词组 on no account 含义 无论如何都不

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⑥If you take inflation into account,we actually spend less now. 如果你把通货膨胀算进去,我们现在其实花费很少了。 词组 take...into account 含义 把……考虑在内 ⑦A number of factors account for the differences between the two scores. 若干因素导致了这两个分数的不同。 导致,引起 词组 account for 含义 ⑧Repeat purchases account for 73% of our sales. 重复购买占我们销售量的73%。 占,占据 词组 account for 含义

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open an account开通账户 on account of因为 on no account绝不 take...into account把……考虑在内 account for导致;占据

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8.They believe that these Spirits put people,plants and birds in different places and made rules and laws to govern them.(P46) 他们相信,这些“大神灵”将人、植物和鸟类安置在不同的地方并 制定规则和法律来管理他们。 ★考点:govern v. 统治;控制;支配 ①Everyone should try to govern his temper. 每个人都应该尽量控制情绪。 ②Who is the man that really governs this country? 谁是这个国家真正的统治者?

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义 ③You shouldn’t be governed by the opinions of others. 你不应该被别人意见左右。 被……控制 词组 be governed by... 含义 ④The government will take some measures to control it. 政府会采取措施来控制它。 名词 政府 词性 含义 ⑤The governor of this state will make a speech on Sunday. 这个州的州长将在周日发表演讲。 名词 统治者 词性 含义

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9.The Plains Indians believe in the Great Spirit who has power over all things including animals,trees,stones and clouds.(P47) 平原印第安人信奉“大神灵”,他掌管着包括动物、树木、石头和 云彩在内的万事万物。 ★考点:have power over 控制,支配 ①Nobody has power over anyone else’s fate. 没人能支配别人的命运。 ②People have power over animals,so they use animals to help their own species. 人类控制着动物,所以利用动物来帮助人类自己。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的相关词组及含义 ③The party has been in power for five years. 这个政党当权已经五年了。 当权,执政 词组 be in power 含义 ④When did the middle-age man come to power? 这个中年人是什么时候上台的? 当权,上台 词组 come to power 含义 ⑤I had always believed such an achievement was beyond my power. 我一直以为那样的成就非我能力所及。 词组 beyond one’s power 含义 非某人能力所及

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⑥It is in my power to help you with your English. 帮助你学英语是我能做的。 词组 in one’s power to do sth. 含义 某人有能力做某事 注意 be in power当权,表示状态,可以和表一段时间的时间状语 连用;come to power 当权,上台,表示动作,不可和表一段时间的时间 状语连用。

have power over 控制,支配 be in power当权,执政 come to power当权,上台 beyond one’s power非某人能力所及 in one’s power to do sth.某人有能力做某事

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