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2011学年高三英语一轮复习测试试卷(一)必修一


2010-2011 学年高一上学期期末测试模拟试卷(一)必修一 学年高一上学期期末测试模拟试卷( 高一上学期期末测试模拟试卷
满分( ) 满分(120) 一、语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. In our class ____of the students are from the countryside, most of whom are hard-working. A. three fifths B. three fifth C. third five D. third fifths 2. — Mom! I broke the vase you bought this morning. — _______. I will buy another one later. A. Excuse me B. It doesn’t matter C. Why are you so careless? D. You are welcome 3. My father_______ smoke a lot when he was young, but now he never smokes a cigarette at all. A. would B. used to C. was used to D. got used to 4. Your friends may not ______to your good news in the same way as your parents do. A. agree B. point C. read D. react 5. If I could _______the time and money, I would also like to go abroad for my holidays. A. pay B. take C. afford D. cost 6. To everyone’s joy, the young race car driver ________several serious accidents. A. survived B. continued C. caused D. suffered 7. The ________income in some of the developing countries is only about 100 dollars a year. A. suitable B. equal C. satisfactory D. average 8. — Did I do something that I wasn’t_______ to do in the party? — Yes. You should not have drunk too much. A. moved B. related C. known D. supposed 9. I am going to see a film tonight and Tom and his brother Jack are going _______. A. as a whole B. as well C. as a result D. as usual 10. I am wondering whether you could ______any good ideas for my birthday party this weekend. A. come up with B. agree with C. come across D. catch up with 11. Helen, if you think the tea is too strong, you may as well ______some more hot water to it. A. attach B. mix C. add D. turn 12. Betty has _____ friends in her company, but she does not think she can rely on any one when she is in need of help. A. a great many of B. a great amount of C. a great deal of D. a great many 13. Last year, my parents and I moved to the small town ______my grandparents have been living for years. A. that B. why C. where D. which 14. After the fun he’s had during the summer vacation, Jack can’t ______on his schoolwork.. A. turn B. concentrate C. depend D. call 15. — Mary, I passed my driving test this morning. — _______. A. Go ahead! B. With pleasure. C. Congratulations! D. I hope so. 二、完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) I was recently invited to dinner by a friend. During the meal, the manager of the restaurant came 16 and said our meal was free. He stood there 17 at me and he seemed a little 18 to me but I couldn’t quite place (想起) him. 19 I asked him if he knew me. He laughed and said I’d probably 20 him, but that I’d changed his life. My friend was quite 21 and asked him how I’d done this. Twelve years ago he 22 a stress management class I was giving. I asked the group what their greatest 23 was and most, including him, said it was their bosses. I listened 24 and then took a chair and placed it in the center of the room. I 25 on the chair for a few moments and then I 26 everyone to come and do the same. I wanted them to look at the room from up there. After
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everyone had done it, I asked the group to 27 how the room looked different when they changed their perspective (视角). Then I asked them to 28 their bosses. Was this the same person who had seen their good 29 and hired them? Did they remember how happy they were to be 30 for the job? But how did these wonderful people become terrible bosses? I looked at him and asked if he had 31 said thank you to his boss for the 32 to earn a living. He answered he hadn’t. Then I asked him why he hadn’t tried being 33 to his boss. He told us his 34 changed that night. He went back to work the next day with a thank-you card to his boss. He said I’d 35 him to look at life from different perspectives and express gratitude. 16. A. out B. back C. over D. on 17. A. smiling B. pointing C. knocking D. shouting 18. A. similar B. attractive C. strange D. familiar 19. A. Immediately B. Finally C. Suddenly D. Firstly 20. A. disliked B. known C. recognized D. forgotten 21. A. curious B. anxious C. unhappy D. calm 22. A. missed B. prepared C. attended D. heard 23. A. hero B. stress C. liking D. interest 24. A. regretfully B. disappointedly C. doubtfully D. carefully 25. A. stood B. lay C. sat D. rested 26. A. forced B. forbade C. invited D. warned 27. A. work on B. think about C. look into D. fill out 28. A. remember B. compare C. respect D. consider 29. A. qualities B. values C. experiences D. looks 30. A. meant B. refused C. chosen D. banned 31. A. still B. even C. never D. ever 32. A. right B. opportunity C. solution D. ability 33. A. polite B. friendly C. grateful D. gentle 34. A. life B. job C. luck D. company 35. A. ordered B. taught C. allowed D. persuaded 三、阅读理解(共 20 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A For more than a decade, Mark Dimunation has been trying to rebuild an American treasure — knowing he will likely never see the complete results of his efforts. On an August day 195 years ago, the British burned the US Capitol in the War of 1812 and by doing so, destroyed the first Library of Congress. When the war ended, former President Thomas Jefferson offered to sell his personal library, which with 6,487 books was the largest in America, to Congress for whatever price the legislators (立法者) settled upon. After much debate, they agreed to pay Jefferson $23,950. Then another fire in the Capitol on Christmas Eve of 1851 burned about 35,000 volumes, including two-thirds of the books that had belonged to Jefferson. And although Congress appropriated (拨款) funds to replace much of the Library of Congress collection, the restoration (修复) of the Jefferson library fell by the wayside. Since 1998, Dimunation, the rare-books and special collections curator (馆长) for the Library of Congress, has guided a slow-moving, yet successful search for the 4,324 Jefferson titles that were destroyed. The result of his labor thus far is on view at the library in the Jefferson Collection Exhibition. Standing in the center of the exhibit surrounded by circular shelves containing books of all shapes and subjects, visitors get a sense of the scale of Jefferson’s library. Many of the books have a green or yellow ribbon on their top. Those with a green ribbon were owned by Jefferson and those with a yellow ribbon are replacements. Books without a ribbon were taken from elsewhere in the library. “Our aim is to put on the shelf exactly the same book Jefferson would have owned. Not another edition,
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not the same work but printed later. The exact book that he would have owned,” Dimunation said. 36. After the first Library of Congress was destroyed, Thomas Jefferson wanted to . A. give away his personal library for nothing B. sell his personal library to help Congress C. build a new Library of Congress D. sell his personal library to raise money for Congress 37. What happened to the books that had belonged to Jefferson on Christmas Eve of 1851? A. Most of them were burned in a fire. B. Some of them were missing. C. Most of them were replaced. D. Most of them were well protected in a fire. 38. What do we know about Dimunation’s search for the 4,324 Jefferson titles? A. It has proved to be fast and smooth. B. It has proved to be hard but successful. C. Most of the books have been found. D. It will be completed soon. 39. What Dimunation said in the last paragraph suggests that he is . A. confident and determined B. tired and discouraged C. pleased with what he has done D. sure of accomplishing the task 40. What would be the best title for the passage? A. A lost American treasure B. The rebuilding of Library of Congress C. Thomas Jefferson’s contributions D. On the hunt for Jefferson’s lost books B American children aren’t the only couch potatoes with nearly one third of children globally spending three hours a day or more watching TV or on computers, according to a study of over 70,000 teens in 34 nations. From Argentina to Zambia, Regina Guthold of the World Health Organization in Geneva and her colleagues (同事) found most children aren’t getting enough exercise and it made no difference if they lived in a rich or a poor country. The study, published in The Journal of Pediatrics, looked at 72,845 schoolchildren aged 13 to 15 from North and South America, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. The children were surveyed between 2003 and 2007. The researchers classified adequate (充足的) physical activity as at least an hour of exercise outside of gym class at least five days a week. Children who spent three or more hours a day watching TV, playing computer games, or chatting with friends — apart from time in school or time spent doing homework — were classified as sedentary. The researchers found only one quarter of the boys and 15 percent of the girls were getting enough exercise by these definitions (定义). A quarter of boys and nearly 30 percent of girls were sedentary and didn't get enough exercise with girls less active than boys in every country aside from Zambia. Uruguay had the highest percentage of active boys, at 42 percent, while Zambia had the lowest, at 8 percent. Girls from India were the most active, with 37 percent meeting exercise recommendations, while girls from Egypt were the least active, with just 4 percent getting adequate exercise. Children in Myanmar were the least sedentary, with 13 percent of boys and 8 percent of girls classified as sedentary. The most sedentary nations were St. Lucia and the Cayman Islands, with 58 percent of boys and 64 percent of girls spending at least three hours a day in sedentary activities. 41. According to Regina Guthold, children in poor countries . A. lead a more active life than those in rich countries B. get no more exercise than those in rich countries C. are even less active than those in rich countries D. do hard work instead of getting exercise 42. The researchers believe it’s necessary for children to . A. have gym classes at least five days a week B. exercise at least an hour a day five days a week besides their gym classes C. have exercise mainly during their gym classes D. take exercise every day instead of their gym classes 43. In which country are children found to be most physically active? A. Zambia B. Uruguay C. Egypt D. Myanmar 44. The underlined word “sedentary” in the third paragraph probably means “ ”. A. full of energy B. game-addicted C. sitting too long D. easy-going 45. The last paragraph is written to . A. give us some detailed information of the study B. give us a general picture of the health conditions of children around the world C. compare the different living conditions of children in different countries D. tell us that boys and girls around the world have different lifestyles
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C “In reading the lives of great men, I found that the first victory they won was over themselves… self-discipline with all of them came first.” — Harry S. Truman That is the quotation (引语) that had me thinking yesterday. Discipline, in particular self-discipline, is what will get us through most things in life, from writing this simple post to Achieving Greatness for You and I. You may ask, “Why is discipline important in writing this post?” For people who have tried writing, you would know how hard it might get sometimes to actually sit down and finish the whole article in one period without getting up every few minutes to get a drink, a snack or toilet break etc. Just with most things in life, often we lack the self-discipline to see us through what we are hoping to do or achieve. One area where self-discipline is clearly important is in losing weight. Some people are constantly looking for quick fix to their weight problem; they will jump at anything that is claimed to help them lose weight in the shortest time. They may lose weight fast, but they will find the result short-term especially if they do not change the way they live and the food they eat. A friend of mine shared his experience going through the journey from 115 kilograms to 56 kilograms in around one year. His journey of losing weight started from a trip with his daughter to the doctor for her check-up. He playfully weighed himself on the weighing machine while his daughter was having the check-up. The doctor saw his weight and made a remark, “If you maintain that balloon weight, you cannot see your grandchildren.” That made him decide, “Enough is enough!” Not only that, he felt tired easily and his excessive (过多的) weight made him feel like a walking balloon. In that moment of awakening, he made decisions to change his lifestyle and eating habits. 46. What does the author mainly talk about in the passage? A. His writing hobby. B. The best way to lose weight. C. The importance of self-discipline.D. How to live a healthy life. 47. We know from the second paragraph that the author . A. can write easily after finishing his routines B. doesn’t think writing is an easy job C. writes just for fun D. must have achieved much in his writing 48. The author’s friend was determined to lose weight when he . A. had a trip with his daughter and her family B. knew the doctor was just making fun of him C. was much touched by the doctor’s remark D. realized that he would become a grandparent soon 49. The example of the author’s friend is used to show that . A. there is really quick fix to lose weight B. the decision to lose weight can be made by chance C. one can lose much weight during one year D. the decision to change one’s lifestyle is the key to losing weight 50. The author holds the belief that . A. we can’t achieve anything in life without self-discipline B. only great men need self-discipline C. self-discipline is most needed in losing weight D. self-discipline has something to do with one’s lifestyle D Would you be happier if you spent more time discussing the state of the world and the meaning of life — and less time talking about the weather? It may sound counterintuitive, but people who spend more of their day having deep discussions and less time engaging in small talk seem to be happier, said Matthias Mehl, a psychologist (心理学家) at the University of Arizona who published a study on the subject. “We found this so interesting, because it could have gone the other way — it could have been, ‘Don’t worry, be happy’ — as long as you surf on the shallow level of life you’re happy, and if you go into the existential (有关存在的) depths you’ll be unhappy,” Dr. Mehl said. The study, published in the journal Psychological Science, involved 79 college students — 32 men and 47 women — who agreed to wear an electronically activated recorder with a microphone on their lapel (翻领) that recorded 30-second pieces of conversation every 12.5 minutes for four days. The happiest person in the study, Dr. Mehl said, had twice as many substantive (实质的) conversations, and only one-third of the amount of small talk as the unhappiest. Small talk made up only 10 percent of the happiest person’s conversations, while it made up almost three times as much –- or 28.3 percent –- of the unhappiest person’s conversations. Substantive conversation seemed to hold the key to happiness for two main reasons: both because human beings are driven
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to find and create meaning in their lives, and because we are social animals who want and need to connect with other people. “By engaging in substantive conversations, we manage to impose meaning on an otherwise pretty chaotic (混乱的) world,” Dr. Mehl said. “And actually, as you find this meaning, you connect with your partner, and we know that this connection is an important part of happiness.” 51. What can make people happy, according to the passage? A. Talking about the weather.B. Talking about one’s sufferings. C. Talking about a new car. D. Talking about state affairs. 52. We learn from the fourth paragraph that the unhappiest . A. don’t have any substantive conversations B. engage in small talk most of their time C. have much more small talk D. have as many substantive conversations 53. According to the passage, people engaged in substantive conversations can . A. find and create meaning in their lives B. find a way to make the world better C. forget about his share of trouble D. have better understanding of happiness 54. In the last paragraph, Dr. Mehl mainly explains . A. the difference between substantive conversations and small talk B. why substantive conversations can make people happy C. the benefits of substantive conversations D. the disadvantages of small talk 55. The underlined word “counterintuitive” in the second paragraph means “ ”. A. contrary to common belief B. quite reasonable C. close to truth D. without evidence 四、书面表达(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题(请注意问题后的字数要求)。 [1] Exam anxiety can be viewed in two different ways: ineffective coping with the inevitable (不可避免的) stress of an exam before the exam; and/or a strong emotional reaction of fear that interferes with thinking clearly during the exam. In order to overcome exam anxiety, you may try these tips for reducing exam anxiety. [2] The most common cause of exam anxiety is lack of preparation for the exam. Set up a study schedule at least three weeks before your first exam. Planning ahead also assists you to avoid cramming (仓促备考), which can be a major cause of exam anxiety. [3] Regular sleep is one of the best ways to control stress. Getting up and going to bed each day at the same times ensures that your body and brain are getting the rest they need for optimal (最理想的) functioning. Many studies indicate that students perform 30% better than students who stay up late or get up early to study. [4] When you display any symptoms (症状) of anxiety during studying or during the exam, use relaxed breathing to calm yourself. Take your attention away from the task and take a few slow breaths. [5] Studying the night before an exam causes your anxiety level to increase. Unfortunately, it doesn’t decrease when you go to sleep. Reduce anxiety by taking the evening off to relax — watch TV, see a movie, read a novel, etc. [6] Hawing a plan before the exam as part of your studying, think about how you will approach the exam, and what you will do when you run into trouble. Having a plan in place will assist you to worry less about failing, and help you to concentrate more on passing. 56. What’s the main idea of the passage? (within 6 words) 57. List three measures in the text that you would like to take if you suffer from exam anxiety. (within 30 words) ① ② ③ 58. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper words. (within 6 words) 59. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? If you study the night before an exam, it will lead you to more anxiety. 60. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 6 into Chinese.
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参考答案: 1-15 ABBDC ADDBA CDCBC 16-35 CADBD ACBDA CBDAC DBCAB 36-55 BABAD BBDCA CBCDA DCABA 56. Some tips for reducing exam anxiety. 57. Being prepared early; Taking regular sleep; Using relaxed breathing; Relaxing the night before the exam; Having a plan before the exam (任选三个) 58. who follow a regular sleeping pattern/ who sleep regularly 59. Studying the night before an exam causes your anxiety level to increase. 60. 适当地制定计划能够帮助你减少对失败的担忧,将更多的精力集中在如何通过考试上。 参考范文 This semester I’m so fortunate to have a new foreign English teacher called Mr. Michael, a middle-aged man with thick glasses. What impressed me most was his wide knowledge and humorous language, which attracted me so much that I’m always eager to have his classes. In class he is always very active and has many ways to make his lessons lively and interesting. After class, he often plays table tennis with us. And at night, he usually works late and prepares the lessons carefully. When we told him that we had passed examinations, he was so happy that he jumped like a child. We all get along well with him. With this foreign teacher I firmly believe that I can make rapid progress in learning English.

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