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2016年安徽自主招生英语模拟试题:科普知识类阅读


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2016 年安徽自主招生英语模拟试题:科普知识类阅读
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1:阅读下面短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题(请注意问题后的词数要求) 。 1]Stamp collectors usually collect stamps only from certain countries or regions. The traditional method of stamp collecting is to organize stamp collection according to the issue dates. [2]Of course, there are many ____________. You can collect stamps relating to a particular theme. For example, sport lovers may choose the Olympic theme. They try their best to find Olympic stamps issued by various parts of the world every four years. Some of them may want to concentrate on even more specific sport activities like ball games, gymnasium, swimming, etc. [3]If you like astronomy, you may be keen on collecting stamps describing the stars, planets, spacecraft, spacemen, etc. once you have fixed the topic, you no longer need to bother about stamps other than the theme you selected. Then, you can put all your effort to collect the stamps around it. [4]China issues zodiac animal stamps (十二生肖邮票) every year to celebrate the Lunar New Year. They are extremely popular and a lot of collectors wait patiently for 12 years to collect a full set of them. Hong Kong’s Lunar New Year special stamp series began in 2000 with the Year of Dragon and the twelfth and final set was issued in 2011, the Year of Rabbit. Recently some Western countries have issued zodiac animal stamps, which attract a lot of attention as well. [5]You may choose any theme you like. However, you should bear in mind an essential point. The topic you choose should not be too narrow. Otherwise, it is very difficult to accumulate stamps around the topic. You will be depressed and even lose your interest in collecting stamps. [6]Collecting stamps with these is especially popular among teenagers because there is a wide range of choices forthem. The main challenge is how you organize and expand your collection around your theme. 【小题 1】What is the main idea of the passage? (no more than 5 words) ________________________________________________________ 【小题 2】Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words。 (no more than 5 words) Of course, there are many ____________________________________________. 【小题 3】What should you do if you want to collect a full set of zodiac animal stamps? (no more than 7 words) ________________________________________________________ 【小题 4】List the three general themes in collecting stamps mentioned in the passage。 (3 words) ________________________________________________________ 【小题 5】What does the word "them" (Line2, Paragraph6) probably refer to? (1 word) _______________________________________________________

2: D Is a recently discovered hormone the reason why folks who lose weight can’t keep it off? Like millions of other fat people, at 530 inches high, more than 300 pounds, Carnie Wilson was not just fat. After trying all sort of diets that didn’t work, she has to go to the stomach – bypass surgery (胃部迂回手术), ie, have most of her stomach sewed up, only leaving tiny room to hold several tablespoonfuls at most. Result: she simply couldn’t eat the way she used to. In three years, Wilson is one third of her former weight.

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Wilson’s experience is not all that unusual, and while doctors still aren’t exactly sure what is going on, a report in last week’s Journal of Medicine offers an explanation. The loss of appetite in bypass patients may be linked to a recently discovered hormone called ghrelin. Not only that, ghrelin may turn out to be one reason we feel hungry and it’s hare for didters to keep weight off. Nowadays, researchers are careful to stress only what they know for sure. For the three conclusions, the leading Dr. David of the University of Washington says, “I feel very solid about two of them.” The first is that ghrelin levels in the bloodstream rise significantly before meals and drop afterward. The second conclusion is that ghrelin levels are higher on average in people who have lost weight from dieting. Dr. David is less sure of the third conclusion, that bypass patients have only a quarter as much ghrelin as most people of normal weight. After all, ghrelin is produced by cells in the stomach. Years ago, leptin, a hormone was found as an appetite suppressant (食物抑制剂). But after years of trying, it had to be given up. What doctor s suspect is that both leptin and ghrelin are part of a complex system of brain and body chemicals that govern weight and appetite. That does not mena pharmaceutical (药物的) weight control is forever out of the question. “In the next ten years, we will be able to develop new drugs to help people lose weight healthily and effectively.” 47。What can we learn about ghrelin according to the passage? A、After meals ghrelin levels are higher in the bloodstream. B、People who have lost weight have less ghreilin in their body. C、Without ghrelin, people are really difficult to lose weight. D、Ghrelin is something produced by cells in the stomach. 48。What is Dr. David not sure? A、pharmaceutical weight control is impossible. B、There is less ghrelin in the bypass patients. C、new drugs will be developed in 10 years. D、ghrelin levels are higher in people on diet. 49。In fact, people’s weight and appetite are controlled by A、ghrelin and leptin B、hormone and medicine C、brain and body chemicals D、stomach and food 50。What can we infer from the passage? A、People with a lower ghrelin level go hungry easily. B、Doctors managed to use leption to control the appetite. C、Doctors are optimistic about how to lose weight healthily. D、The loss of appetite in bypass aptient is linked to leptin

3:根据短文内容,从下面 A-F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中 有一项为多余选项。 【小题 1】________________ Americans are far more knowledgeable about drinks than they were 20 years ago. Witness the Starbucks revolution and you’ll know where the trend goes. Now, encouraged by recent studies suggesting that it can cut the risk of cancer and heart disease and slow the aging process, tea is enjoying a similar change. Enough fashionable tea houses are springing up to make even longtime coffee drinkers consider switching drinks. 【小题 2】________________ Tea is available in more places than ever. The Tea Association of the United States reports that from 1990 to 1999,

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annual sales of the drink grew to $4.6 billion from $1.8 billion. “Green tea is seen by consumers as a ‘functional food’” — delivering health benefits beyond food itself, says Vierhile. 【小题 3】_______________ Recently published studies point out that only teas that come from the leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis have been shown to contain health benefits. Other herbal teas may taste good, yet they do little more than warm up the drinker. But for Camellia sinensis, the evidence is powerful. In a 1998 study, Harvard University researchers found that drinking one cup of black tea a day lowered the risk of heart attack by as much as 44 percent compared with non-tea drinkers, and other studies have suggested that the antioxidants (抗氧化剂) in these so-called real teas can also prevent cancer. 【小题 4】________________ One such antioxidant in green tea is ECGC, a compound 20 times as powerful as vitamin E and 200 times as powerful as vitamin C. “When people ask me for something good and cheap they can do to reduce their cancer risk, I tell them to drink real tea,” says Mitchell Gaynor, director of medical oncology at New York City’s Strang-Cornell Cancer Prevention Center. 【小题 5】________________ Among those inspired to become a green-tea drinker is Tess Ghilaga, a New York writer who took it up after seeking advice from a nutritionist six years ago. “I’ve never been a coffee drinker,” says Ghilaga, 33. “She told me to start drinking green tea for the antioxidant qualities.” Now Ghilaga and her husband habitually make tea — they order theirs from InPursuitofTea.com, an Internet tea company. And although tea contains about half the amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee, “you still get such a kick from it,” says Ghilaga.A. The spreading of tea B. The history of tea growing C. Changes of tastes for drinks D. Reducing cancer risks E. The plant Camellia sinensis F. A woman’s opinion of tea

4: Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20
th

century and the spread of printing in

the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened __47__. As was discussed before, it was not until the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic medium, following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the __48__ of the periodical. It was during the same time that the communications revolution __49__ up, beginning with transport, the railway, and leading on through the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures into the 20th-century world of the motor car and the airplane. Not everyone sees that process in perspective. It is important to do so. It is generally recognized, however, that the __50__ of the computer in the early 20th century, followed by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, although its impact on the media was not immediately __51__. As time went by, computers became smaller and more powerful, and they became “personal” too, as well as __52__, with display becoming sharper and storage capacity increasing. It was within the computer age that the term “information society” began to be widely used to describe the __53__ within which we now live. The communications revolution has __54__ both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time, but there have been controversial views about its economic, political, social and cultural implications. “Benefits” have been weighed __55__ “harmful” outcomes. And

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generalizations have proved difficult.A. introduction B. company C. accidentally D. against AC. apparent AD. between BC. institutional BD. context CD. influenced

AB. sped

5:Have you ever felt sick to your stomach during a test? Have you ever been so worried about something that you ended up with a terrible headache? If so, then you know what it's like to feel stress. You've probably heard people say, "Wow, I'm really stressed out.” ___【小题 1】____ But children have lots of things going on in their lives that can cause stress, too. What is stress? Stress is what you feel when you are worried or uncomfortable about something. This worry in your mind can make your body feel bad. You may feel angry, frustrated, scared, or afraid --- which can give you a stomachache or a headache. What causes stress?www.zxxk.com Plenty of things can cause stress in a child's life.___【小题 2】____Good or normal stress might show up when you're called on in class or when you have to give a report. Have you ever gotten butterflies in your stomach or sweaty hands? Those can be signs of good stress. ___【小题 3】____ For example, you may do a better job on your book report if the anxiety inspires you to prepare well before you get up and read it to the class. But bad stress can happen if the stressful feelings keep going over time. You may not feel well if your parents are fighting, if a family member is sick, if you're having problems at school, or if you're going through anything else that makes you upset every day. ____【小题 4】____ Once you recognize that you're feeling stressed, there are several things you can do. You can try talking about what's bothering you with an adult you trust, like a parent or teacher. ___ 【小题 5】 ____ An adult may have ideas about how to solve whatever is worrying you or making you uncomfortable.E. There are ways to reduce stress and manage the stress that's unavoidable. F. That kind of stress isn't going to help you, and it can actually make you sick. G. The trick is to remember that some types of stress are good and others are bad.

6:阅读短文,根据所读内容, 在下表中的空格处填上适当的单词或短语, 每空不超过 3 个单词。 Cloning has caused much debate..On the one hand , some scientists think valuable tissues and organs can be used to save human lives .On the other hand , some fear that mankind may produce a monster . Carter: I believe that human cloning is totally immoral . If we interfere with nature, we will have to deal with the consequences .Who knows what could happen? We could produce a monster .Human life would no longer be unique .Human race is using up Earth’s resources . Surely we should be having fewer babies in order to reduce Earth’s population , not cloning more .I feel sorry for ladies who cannot have babies ,but there are many children with no parents ,who would be delighted to have new parents . Ladies who cannot have babies can adopt children with no parents Jake :I think cloning is fantastic. It is a great scientific advance. After all ,scientists have been challenging questions of morality for centuries .On a personal note ,cloning will change my life .My daughter died of heart failure 7 years ago .I miss her very much and hope to clone a new daughter to be with me .That would be nice. . Cloning has【小题 1】__________ much debate 【小题 2】________ sides

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Some scientists think valuable tissues and organs can be used to 【小题 3】 ______ the body parts of people who have deadly disease. I believe that human cloning is 【小题 4】____________ immoral If we 【小题 5】________ with nature ,we may have to deal with 【小题 6】____________. Human is 【小题 7】_____________Earth’s resources. Ladies who cannot have babies can 【小题 8】____________ children with no parents 【小题 9】_______ sides

7:Do’s and Don’ts in Whale(鲸) Watching The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has developed guidelines for whale watching in Johnstone Strait, where killer whales are found on a daily basis each summer。It is strongly recommended that vessel(船只) operators follow these guidelines for all kinds of whales。 Approach whales from the side, not from the front or the back。 Approach no closer than 100 meters, then stop the boat but keep the engine on。 Keep noise levels down—no horns, whistles or racing of engines。 Start your boat only after the whales are more than 100 meters from your vessel。 Leave the area slowly, gradually moving faster when you are more than 300 meters from the whales。 Approach and leave slowly, avoiding sudden changes in speed or direction。 Avoid disturbing groups of resting whales。 Keep at low speeds and remain in the same direction if travelling side by side with whales。 When whales are travelling close to shore, avoid crowding them near the shore or coming between the whales and the shore。 Limit the time spent with any group of whales to less than 30 minutes at a time when within 100 to 200 meters of whales。 If there is more than one vessel at the same observation spot, be sure to avoid any boat position that would result in surrounding the whales。 Work together by communicating with other vessels, and make sure that all operators are aware of the whale watching guidelines。 【小题 1】 For whom is this text written? 【小题 2】 When leaving the observation areas, the vessel should _____。 【小 题 3】When going side by side with whales, the vessel should 。 【小题 4】What is the shortest safe distance from the whales? A、Tour guides。 B、Whale watchers。 C、Vessel operators。 D、Government officials。 A、move close to the beach B、increase speed gradually

8:阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 【1】The air was pleasant and the music was loud in the vast square in front of the New York State office building in

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Harlem(哈莱姆, 美国纽约市黑人居住区) as health advocates(支持者,提倡者) set up information tables for Harlem wellness Week. It was a wide-ranging effort to educate people about non-communicable diseases: Heart disease, cancer, lung disease, obesity, and so on. 【2】There is an economic effect caused by these diseases, especially in Harlem, one of the city’s poorest districts. Without healthy employees and healthy customers, you cannot have healthy business, says Patricia Ricketts of the Greater Harlem Chamber of Commerce, which sponsors Wellness Week. 【3】Dr. Jo Ivy Boufford is president of the New York Academy of Medicine, a Wellness Week partner. She says education about better nutrition is important, but that people with low incomes often lack the means to put what they know into practice. But there is hope. New York is very active in adovating good, effective public health policies. “New York City has banned smoking in public places, both indoors and outdoors. That is a fantastic example of what can be done, without having any impact on the economy. It is a city where you have bike paths. That is a good message for the world, because bikes make your transport active. That is good for your health and lowers air pollution,” she said. 【4】“It is not enough to focus on the management of disease through medication,” Dr. Boufford says. “That’s why health advocates will be trying to persuade UN officials during Wellness Week to pass resolutions that deal with road and transport design and construction and other potential causes of non-communicable diseases.” 【小题 1】What is the main idea of the text? (no more than 8words) 【小题 2】Complete the following statement with words from Paragraph【4】.(no more than 3words)_______________ the management of disease through medication is not enough. 【小题 3】What noninfectious diseases are mentioned in the text?( no more than 6 words) 【小题 4】why not? (no more than 16 words) 【小题 5】What does the word “That”(paragraph 3) refer to?(no more than 4 words)

9:Like our body, our memory needs regular exercise to be in good condition. Like the sportsman who must train to allow the body to respond to difficult times, the memory needs its own special training in order to stay in “shape” and improve. There are many factors that can cause poor memory like insomnia (失眠), depression and alcohol. However, there are simple ways which you can follow to keep your memory in shape and actually help you to improve your memory’s condition and performance. Never stop learning. Look for topics that interest you and really get involved in learning new information about them. Reading and attending lectures or programs are sources of continuous education of your brain with beneficial results to your memory. Develop your social and family relationships. The more social you are, the better it is for your brain. Studies have shown that the brain and heart have a lot to gain from good family and social relationships. Exercise your mind with games. The more you use your brain, the more you help your memory stay in shape. There are many games that can make you an intelligent person as well as entertain you such as chess, puzzles and board games. Exercise physically can improve your memory. This type of exercise improves the circulatory (血液循环的) system.

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Even the simple but regular daily exercise such as fast walking can improve the heart and oxygenation (供氧) of the brain. The benefits of exercise affect positively many body systems, as well as our memory and other cognitive(认知 的) capabilities. Eat more fruit and vegetables. What we eat every day affects the performance and long-term condition of our memory. Fruit and vegetables are an excellent source of antioxidants(抗氧化剂) and vitamins that can help and benefit the nervous system. So our memory is like a sportsman. The more we practice our brains and memory, the better their performance will be. Title: How to improve memory Topic 【小题 1】 like insomnia, depression and alcohol can lead to poor memory. We should exercise 【小题 2】 to keep memory in good condition. Ways to improve memory Never stop learning

10:阅读下面短文,简要回答问题。 Baloneyis a kind of sausage that many Americans eat often. The word also has another meaning in English. It is used to describe something—usually something someone says—that is false or wrong or foolish. Baloney sausage comes from the name of the Italian city, Bologna. The city is famous for its sausage, a mixture of smoked, spiced meat from cows and pigs. But, boloney sausage does not taste the same as beef or pork alone. Some language experts think this different taste is responsible for the birth of the expression baloney. Baloney is an idea or statement that is nothing like the truth...in the same way that baloney sausage tastes nothing like the meat that is used to make it. Baloney is a word often used by politicians to describe the ideas of their opponents. The expression has been used for years. Fifty years ago, a former governor of New York State, Alfred Smith, criticized some claims by President Franklin Roosevelt about the successes of the Roosevelt administration. Smith said, “No matter how thin you slice it, it is still baloney.” A similar word has almost the same meaning as baloney. It even sounds almost the same. The word is blarney. It began in Ireland about 1600. The lord of Blarney castle, near Cork, agreed to surrender the castle to British troops. But he kept making excuses for postponing the surrender. And, he made them sound like very good excuses, “this is just more of the same blarney.” The Irish castle now is famous for its Blarney stone. Kissing the stone is thought to give a person special powers of speech. One who has kissed the Blarney stone, so the story goes, can speak words of praise so smoothly and sweetly that you believe them, even when you know they are false. 73.【小题 1】Find in the passage a word closest in meaning to the underlined word “ baloney”. 74.【小题 2】According to Americans, what does baloney refer to? (回答词数不超过 8 个) 75.【小题 3】What do you know about the lord of Blarney castle, near Cork? (回答词数不超过 6 个)

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11: 【题文】阅读下面短文,请根据短文后的要求进行答题。 (请注意问题后的字数要求) [1]Keeping a busy social life among lots of friends may keep people slimmer than spending hours on a treadmill, according to scientists. They say that socializing and meeting with friends helps boost levels of ‘brown fat’ in the boby which burns calories to generate heat. [2]Living in a stimulating, social environment was found to reduce abdominal fat in mice by half over four weeks, even if they ate more. US researchers say that social stimulation can by converting white fat into brown, White stores calories and makes us fatter, while brown burns energy to generate heat .Converting white fat into brown is difficult, as we all know, normally requiring long term exposure to cold conditions or activating part of the body’s nervous system [3]However, scientists from Ohio State University now think that having a busy social life is an even more effective way of changing white fat into brown, The team came up with their theory by studying the effects of various living environments on mice.Those who lived alongside a greater number of mice and had more space and toys to stimulate them lost far more weight over the course of the study than their ‘couch potato’ ones. [4]Study author Dr. Mattew During, whose team’s findings appear in journalCell Metabolism said: I’m still amazed at the degree of fat loss that occurs. Explaining how new technology had threatened face-to-face socializing, he added: ‘It’s not just a sedentary lifestyle and high calorie foods, but an increasing lack of social engagement.’ [5]Co-author Dr. Lei Cao said: ‘Loneliness is a profound factor for cancer and death; it’s on par with cigarette smoking. Social engagement is very important’. 【小题 1】What’s the main idea of this passage? (no more than 10 words) 【小题 2】Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 5 words) 【小题 3】What’s the purpose of the study of mice? (no more than 20 words)

【小题 4】How does socializing help make people slim? (no more than 15 words) 【小题 5】Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese.

12: 【题文】阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后面的要求答题。 (请注意问题后的字数要求) For years children in the industrial areas of Europe and America seldom left their smoky cities to see the beauties of the countryside.Not that the woods and fields were always far away, but they were too far from the city to permit people to make a round trip between morning and nightfall.What's more, factory workers did not have enough money to send their children on country holidays away from home. In 1907 a young German schoolmaster had an idea which changed this state of affairs. He decided to turn his little schoolhouse into a dormitory for the summer holidays. Anyone who brought his sleeping bag and cooking equipment along could stay there for a very small amount of money. The idea was a success. A few years later the schoolhouse was far too small to hold so many young people who wanted to stay there. So, a dormitory was set up in an old castle nearby. This was the first Youth Hostel.

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Today young students and workers of every country can meet in the hostels and get to know each other. Some spend a week or more in the same hostel, seeing the surrounding sights and meeting the people of the area. Other youths go on foot or by bicycle from place to place, spending a night or two in one hostel, then going to the next. Sometimes an informal program will be organized after the meal, with dances, songs, or short talks followed by a question period. One can _____________________________ about other places, just by meeting people who come from these places. For this reason, a few weeks spent "hostelling" can be just as useful a part of one's education as classes in school. 【小题 1】What does paragraph 2 mainly tell us? (Please answer within10 words.) ______________________________________________________________________ 【小题 2】Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? Some youths stay in a hostel for several days, during which period they go sightseeing and visit the local people. _____________________________________________________________________________ 【小题 3】 Fill in the blank in the 4th paragraph with proper words to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 7 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ 【小题 4】List 3 of the advantages of hostelling according to the text. (Please answer within 15 words.) ____________________________________________________________________________ 【小题 5】Translate the underlined sentence in paragraph 1 into Chinese. _____________________________________________________________________

13: 首先,请阅读下列的应用文: Colourful etching(蚀刻), aquatints and silk-screen prints on porcelain(瓷器), Metro-life four-star rating. Tue to Fri 10am to 5pm. Until Feb 15.0113 247 8245 E、Skool Disco at Corporation Cheesy tunes and school-themed high jinks, place for gathering occasions. 9pm to 2am; £2.1-3 Milton Street. F、The Factory Of Dreams: Inside Mexico’s Soap Operas Stefan Ruiz’s look at Mexico’s soap operas, including Los Ricos Tambien Lloran, watched regularly by 200 million people, yet actually unheard of in the West. Tue to Sat 10am to 5:30pm, free. 请阅读以下个人信息,然后匹配到合适的地方。 56。Lance is interested in interior decoration. He has recently helped his uncle with the decoration of his new house. He now majors in architecture: the designing of buildings. 57。William is an amateur director. He likes to invite some friends together and perform plays. With new high-tech equipment, he even starts to produce DIY(Do-It-Yourself) mini films. He wishes he will be a big name in the film industry one day. 58。Jim is working in a big company and has just got his first-month pan and would like to invite some young fellow workers to have fun this Saturday. 59。Patric is a super fan of classical music. He always finds it a high joy to be lost in some excellent symphonies, like those of Beethoven’s. Recently, he is planning to purchase some musical equipment. 60。Victor is now a college freshman majoring in engineering in another city. At this time of Christmas, he is back at home for the holiday. He plans to invite some of former fellow students in high school for a get-together. 56。Lance A Music Box 57。William B Breathing Space

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58。Jim C Hypnotic 59。Patric D Susie Perring 60。Victor E Skool Disco at Corporation F The Factory Of Dreams

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14:简答题(共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 阅读下面短文,根据第 73 至第 75 小题的具体要求,简要回答问题。 The north magnetic pole(磁极)is no longer a resident of Canada.It has drifted across the Canadian Arctic and is nowanglingtoward Siberia. Not to be confused with the geographic North Pole—the northern extremity of the Earth’s axis(地轴),the north magnetic pole(where the Earth’s magnetic field is directed downward)is moving due to natural changes in the Earth’s magnetic field,a process that originates about 3000 kilometers below our feet,in the outer core(核心)of the planet.But scientists are now noticing that the magnetic pole has picked up its pace.

Over the past century,the pole has been migrating at an average speed of about 10 kilometers per year,says Larry Newitt,head of Geomagnetic Laboratory at Natural Resources Canada in Ottawa.Since the 1970s,this speed has increased to about 50 kilometers per year. Scientists are wondering why the speed is increasing,says Newitt.One hypothesis(假说)relates it to “magnetic jerks”,sudden shifts(变化)in the rate of change of the magnetic field.There have been three jerks in the past four decades,each one correlating to an increases in speed. If the north magnetic pole continues at its current rate,it could reach Siberia by 2056. “For most of recorded history,the pole has been a part of Canada,and now it’s not,”says Newitt.“It may be a blow to our collective psyche,but other than that,it doesn’t have a major effect on most people’s existence.” 73.Find in the passage a word closest in meaning to the underlined word “angling”. ____________________________________________________________ 74.What could happen to the north magnetic pole by the middle of the 21st century?(回答词数不超过 8 个) ____________________________________________________________ 75.What is the main idea of the passage?(回答词数不超过 8 个) ____________________________________________________________

答案部分

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1、 【小题 1】Collecting stamps with themes 【小题 2】other methods of collecting stamps 【小题 3】We should wait for 12 years. 【小题 4】sport(s); astronomy;animal(s) 【小题 5】Teenages

试题分析: 集邮主题各不相同。 除了地点, 时间以外, 还有运动, 天文和十二生肖等。 主题集邮尤受青少年喜爱。 【小题 1】文章前 4 段介绍集邮的不同主题;第 5 段讲主题集邮注意事项;最后一段交代主题集邮的最大困难。 因此,根据结构可以得知整篇文章大意是和主题集邮(Collecting stamps with themes)相关。 【小题 2】文章第一段介绍有按地点,时间为主题的集邮。第二段第二句以后是讲按运动为主题的集邮。第 3,4 段讲按天文和十二生肖为主题的集邮。 因此该句可以看成第一段与 2,3,4,段的段间过渡, 也可以看成 2.3.4 段的中 心句。因此,相对于第一段,这里当然是介绍 other methods of collecting stamps。 【小题 3】该题是问为了收集全十二生肖的邮票我们该怎么办。首先可以把信息定位在第 5 段; 然后找到该段的 第二句(…and a lot of collectors wait patiently for 12 years to collect a full set of them.); 最后以答者的身份改变人 称(they 变为 we ).即 We should wait for 12 years. 【小题 4】该题要考生列出文章提到的三个一般性集邮主题。全文讲到集邮主题有地点,时间,运动,天文和十 二生肖等。但在 2,3,4 段中浓彩笔墨介绍了人们喜爱的运动,天文和十二生肖三个主题。所以答案为 sport(s); astronomy;animal(s)。 【小题 5】根据文章最后一段第一句“主题集邮尤其受青少年的欢迎。因为对于他们来说,有着广泛的可选择范 围。”所以 them 是指人(Teenages) 。 考点:考查阅读表达

2、 47—50 DBCC 略

3、 【小题 1】C 【小题 2】A 【小题 3】E 【小题 4】D 【小题 5】F

试题分析: 【小题 1】从 Americans are far more knowledgeable…where the trend goes…tea is enjoying asimilar change…tea houses are springing up to make even longtime coffee drinkers considerswitching drinks. 知,该段主要讲述美国人对

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茶叶的需求增加,口味从咖啡向茶转变的趋势,所以选 C 项。 【小题 2】 从 Tea is available in more places than ever.…annual sales of the drink grew to 4.6billion from 1.8 billion.…知, 该段主要讲述茶叶的销量增长,逐渐得到发展,所以选 A 项。 【小题 3 】从 …that come from the leaves of the plant Camellia Sinensis have been shown tocontain health benefits. …But for Camellia Sinensis the evidence is powerful…知,该段主要讲述一种野茶树 Camellia Sinensis,所以 选 E 项。 【小题 4】从…can do to reduce their cancer risk I tell them to drink real tea…at New York City’s DStrange—Cornell Cancer Prevention Center.知,该段主要讲述茶叶能减少患癌的几率,所以选 D 项。 【小题 5】从 Among those inspired to become a green tea drinker is Tess Ghilaga a New Yor kwriter…says Ghilaga 33. …Now Ghilaga and her husband habitually make tea…“you still getsuch a kick from it, ” says Ghilaga. 知, 该段主要 讲述了一个叫做 Tess Ghilaga 的女人对茶叶的看法,所以选 F 项。 考点:考查信息匹配 点评:文章层次结构清晰,上下文联系紧密,做题时,先通读全文,熟悉各选项,填句子的时候注意密切联系上 下文,认真体会上下文之间的联系,填好之后可以代入检查核对。

4、 【小题 1】AD 【小题 1】B 【小题 1】AB 【小题 1】A 【小题 1】AC 【小题 1】BC 【小题 1】BD 【小题 1】CD 【小题 1】D 略

5、 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】G 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】F 【小题 5】C

试题分析:本文在讲如何区分好的压力与坏的压力,正常对待。 【小题 1】B 与上文中 You've probably heard people say 相响应故先 B 项。 【小题 2】 G 上句提到许多事情会给孩子带来压力, 紧接着技巧是记住哪些是好的哪些是不好的。 与下文中 Good or normal stress might show up when you're called on in class or when you have to give a report 相照应。 【小题 3】A 上文提到 这是好的压力,接下来其好处是帮助人更好的完成某些事情。

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【小题 4】F 这段提到不好的压力的坏处是不仅不会帮助到你还会使你生病。 【小题 5】C 上文提到 你能谈论与长辈谈论这些问题,然后就是提出你心里所想的,表达你的感受。故选 C 项。 考点:日常生活类阅读

6、 【小题 1】caused 【小题 2】Negative 【小题 3】Positive 【小题 4】save 【小题 5】totally / completely 【小题 6】interfere 【小题 7】the consequences 【小题 8】using up 【小题 9】adopt 【小题 10】scientific

试题分析: 【小题 1】原词重现:从第一句话:Cloning has caused much debate.可知是.caused 【小题 2】归纳题:从右边一栏不难看出都是克隆的消极的一面。用 Negative 【小题 3】归纳题:从右边一栏不难看出都是克隆的积极的一面。用 Positive 【小题 4】原词重现:从第一段的:some scientists think valuable tissues and organs can be used to save human lives 可知答案是 save 【小题 5】原词重现:从第二段的:I believe that human cloning is totally immoral 可知答案是 totally / completely 【小题 6】原词重现:从第二段的:If we interfere with nature, we will have to deal with the consequences .可知答案 是 interfere 【小题 7】原词重现:解析同上题:the consequences 【小题 8】原词重现:从第二段的:Human race is using up Earth’s resources .可知答案是 using up 【小题 9】原词重现:从第二段的:Ladies who cannot have babies can adopt children with no parents 可知答案是:adopt 【小题 10】原词重现:从第三段的:It is a great scientific advance.可知答案是 scientific 考点:考查阅读填空 点评:阅读填空可通过表格对文章的整体框架有更好的理解,再结合题目到文章中找到相关句子和短语,有时要 变化词形或词性。

7、 【小题 1】C 【小题 2】B 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】D

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试题分析:本文是给那观察鲸鱼的人的建议。 【小题 1】C 推理题。根据文章 1,2 行 The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has developed guidelines for whale watching in Johnstone Strait, where killer whales are found on a daily basis each summer。 说明本文是给那些观察鲸鱼 的人而写的建议。故 C 正确。 【小题 2】B 细节题。根据第五条建议 Leave the area slowly, gradually moving faster when you are more than 300 meters from the whales。说明要逐渐加速离开,故 B 正确。 【小题 3】A 细节题。根据第 8 条建议 Keep at low speeds and remain in the same direction if travelling side by side with whales。说明要和鲸鱼同一个方向运动,故 A 正确。 【小题 4】 D 细节题。 根据第二条建议 Approach no closer than 100 meters, then stop the boat but keep the engine on 说明 100 米是安全距离,故 D 项正确。 考点:考查信息筛选类短文 点评:本文属于信息筛选类短文,文本所给信息非常丰富,要求考生从中选出适合题目要求的信息。解此类题目 时, 考生可以先阅读题目和选项, 了解具体要求, 然后再仔细阅读文章, 认真筛选甄别, 这样的阅读就有的放矢, 可以大大提高阅读的速度和效率。

8、 【小题 1】Wellness week focuses on disease prevention. 【小题 2】To focus on/Focusing on. 【小题 3】Heart disease, cancer, lung disease, obesity. 【小题 4】(open answer) 【小题 5】No smoking in public.

试题分析: 本文讲述的是在纽约的 Harlem 所进行的对人们的疾病预防知识方面的教育 Wellness week 的情况介绍。 【小题 1 】主旨大意题。根据文章第一段最后一句 It was a wide-ranging effort to educate people about non-communicable diseases: Heart disease, cancer, lung disease, obesity, and so on.说明 Wellness week 聚焦于一些疾 病的预防。 【小题 2】 推理题。 根据文章最后一段“It is not enough to focus on the management of disease through medication,” Dr. Boufford says.说明只关注治疗是不够的,要加强预防工作。 【小题 3】 细节题。 根据文章第一段最后 2 行 educate people about non-communicable diseases: Heart disease, cancer, lung disease, obesity, and so on.。 【小题 4】对于此题,不同的人有不同的观点。可以开发式回答,主要还是是支持为主。 【小题 5】根据本句“New York City has banned smoking in public places, both indoors and outdoors. That is a fantastic example of what can be done 说明这里的 that 就是指上句中的 banned smoking。 考点:考查阅读表达 点评:本文讲述的是在纽约的 Harlem 所进行的对人们的疾病预防知识方面的教育。本文要求考生在阅读理解整 体语篇的基础上,把握文章的真正内涵。要吃透文章的字面意思,从字里行间捕捉有用的提示和线索,这是推理 的前提和基础;要对文字的表面信息进行挖掘加工,由表入里,由浅入深,从具体到抽象,从非凡到一般,通过 分析、综合、判定等,进行深层处理,符合逻辑地推理。不能就是论事,断章取义,以偏概全。要忠实于原文, 以文章提供的事实和线索为依据。

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9、 【小题 1】Many factors 【小题 2】regularly 【小题 3】Continous education 【小题 4】your/the heart 【小题 5】entertainment 【小题 6】physical 【小题 7】heart and oxygenation 【小题 8】rich 【小题 9】Conclusion/ Summary 【小题 10】perform better

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试题分析:文章介绍了几个提高记忆力的方法,从脑力训练到饮食方面还有心理因素。 【小题 1】原词重现:根据第二段的句子:There are many factors that can cause poor memory like insomnia (失眠), depression and alcohol.可知填:Many factors 【小题 2】 词性转化题: 根据第一段的句子: Like our body, our memory needs regular exercise to be in good condition. 可知填:regularly 【小题 3】原词重现:根据第三段的句子:Reading and attending lectures or programs are sources of continuous education of your brain with beneficial results to your memory.可知填:Continous education 【小题 4】原词重现:根据第四段的句子:The more social you are, the better it is for your brain. Studies have shown that the brain and heart have a lot to gain from good family and social relationships. 可知填:your/the heart 【小题 5】 词性转化题: 根据第五段的句子: There are many games that can make you an intelligent person as well as entertain you such as chess, puzzles and board games.可知填:entertainment 【小题 6】词性转化题:根据第六段的句子:Exercise physically can improve your memory.可知填:physical 【小题 7】原词重现:根据第六段的句子:Even the simple but regular daily exercise such as fast walking can improve the heart and oxygenation(供氧) of the brain.可知填:heart and oxygenation 【小题 8】 词义归纳题: 根据第七段的句子: Fruit and vegetables are an excellent source of antioxidants (抗氧化剂) and vitamins that can help and benefit the nervous system.可知填:rich 【小题 9】归纳题:根据表格右边的句子:可知是这篇文章的总结,填:Conclusion/ Summary 【小题 10】词性转化题:根据最后一段的句子:The more we practice our brains and memory, the better their performance will be.可知填:perform better 考点:考查任务型阅读

10、 【小题 1】blarney 【小题 2】It is something false or wrong or foolish. 或 It is a false idea or statement. 【小题 3】He was a clever man. 或 He didn’t surrender to British troops.

【小题 1】 根据句子 A similar word has almost the same meaning as baloney. It even sounds almost the same. The word

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is blarney 可知。 【小题 2】根据句子 It is used to describe something—usually something someone says—that is false or wrong or foolish 可知; 根据句子 Baloney is an idea or statement that is nothing like the truth 可知。 【小题 3】根据句子 he made them sound like very good excuses 可知;根据句子 But he kept making excuses for postponing the surrender 可知。

11、 【小题 1】Socializing keeps you slim/Keeping a busy social life makes people slim 【小题 2】aid weight loss/help lose weight 【小题 3】 To show having a busy social life is an even more effective way of changing white fat into brown; They want to show the advantage of a busy social life To show the part socializing plays in changing white fat into brown 【小题 4】by changing white fat into brown which burns calories to generate heat; Socializing changes white fat into brown which burns calories to generate heat 【小题 5】在研究期间,和那些总是呆着不动的小鼠相比,有更多伙伴、更大空间和更多玩具的实验鼠减肥效果 更明显。

试题分析: 【小题 1】根据文章第一段第一行 Keeping a busy social life among lots of friends may keep people slimmer 说明本文 的话题就是 Socializing keeps you slim。 【小题 2】本段讨论的正是 social stimulation 能让人减肥。 【小题 3】本文的话题是关于 Socializing 能让人减肥,告诉我们 a busy social life 的好处。 【小题 4】根据文章第二段第三行 by converting white fat into brown 说明是通过改变 white fat 的方法来减肥。 【小题 5】本句的翻译难点在于对这几个词“stimulate” “couch potato”的翻译过于死板,翻译不通。要根据上下 文的语义来猜测这些词的意思。 考点:考查科普类短文阅读 点评:本文讲述了一项关于减肥的研究。以小老鼠的例子告诉人们应该积极参加社交活动多锻炼,而不是总是呆 在不动。以细节题的考查为主,仍然要求考生在阅读的时候关注重要的关键点。

12、 【小题 1】How the first Youth Hostel came into existence/ How the first Youth Hostel began 【小题 2】Some spend a week or more in the same hostel, seeing the surrounding sights and meeting the people of the area. 【小题 3】learn a lot (of things) / get to know a lot 【小题 4】① Breathe fresh air ② enjoy the beauties of the countryside ③ learn things about other places ④ make new friends 【小题 5】并不是树林和田野总是很遥远,而是因为他们离城市较远,人们要当天往返是做不到的。

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试题分析: 【小题 1】从第二段最后一句总结句 This was the first Youth Hostel 可知前面讲述了它是怎样形成的。 【小题 2】从第三段第二句可得知答案。 【小题 3】从文章最后一句 a few weeks spent "hostelling" can be just as useful a part of one's education as classes in school 可知在 Youth Hostel 可以学到很多东西。 【小题 4】从文章第一,三,四段可总结得知。 【小题 5】注意句型 not...but 不是...而是.。 考点:百科知识类短文阅读简答 点评:本篇阅读简答题内容比较简单,集中考查细节较多,在阅读时注意捕捉关键的细节信息,做好标志,培养 归纳概括能力。

13、 BFACE 略

14、73.Moving/Migrating 74.It could reach Siberia 75.The north magnetic pole is moving faster. 73. 按照上下文意思“移动,迁移”。 74. 按照此段意思,应该总结为“能够达到西伯利亚”。 75. 抓住关键词:magnetic ,moving。


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