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1. Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its always A with other elements, most commonly with oxygen. A. being combined B. having combined C. to combine D. combined 2. Physics is the present day equivalent of D used to be called natural philosophy, from most of present-day science arose. A. which, what B. that, which C. what, which D. what, that 3. On no account A ever leave the baby at home alone. A. should you B. you should C. shall you D. you shall 4. B the center of our planetary system was considered as heresy by the church in the Middle Ages. A. It is the sun and not the earth is B. That the sun and not the earth is C. Being the sun and not the earth is D. The sun and not the earth is 5. The reason that his property was confiscated by the country, it , was that he was involve in a lot of fraudulent activities during the war. A. was turned out B. was being turned out C. being turned out D. turned out 6. I'd rather you by train because the weather forecast said there would be heavy snow, tomorrow. A. went B. should go C. will go D. go 7. Einstein won the Nobel Prize in 1921 and enjoyed great fame in Germany until the rise of Nazism he was expelled from Germany because he was a Jew. A. when B. who C. then D. which 8. Nowhere but in the remotest region of the country find a place to settle down. A. can he B. he can C. he D. for him to 9. With one leg broken in that car accident, he cannot even walk, run. A. let alone B. that’s to say C. not to speak D. not to mention 10. , she led a life of complete seclusion. A. Being disgraced B. Disgraced C. Disgracing D. She was disgraced 11. It to see so many children in that mountainous area cannot even afford elementary education. A. pains her B. makes her pain C. is paining D. is pained 12. Our boss, Mr. Thompson, a raise in salary for ages, but nothing has happened yet. A. was promising B. has been promising C. promised D. has promised 13. A dream is to a person is wings are to a bird. A. that B. which C. what D. as 14. The man sitting opposite me smiled dreamily, as if something pleasant in the past. A. to remember B. remembered C. having been remembered D. remembering 15. I him the Christmas gift by mail because he came home during the Christmas holidays. A. ought to have sent B. couldn't have sent C. must have sent D. needn't have sent 1. It is necessary that an efficient worker his work on time. A. accomplishes B. can accomplish C. accomplish D. will accomplish

2. I know this is the right train. The ticket agent said it would be on . A. Platform Three B. the Platform Three C. Third Platform D. The Three Platform 3. William is very hardworking, but his play is not for his work. A. enough good B. good enough C. as good enough D. good as enough 4. I won't take Susan's pen because I don't like . A. that pen of hers B. that her pen C. her that pen D. that pen of her 5. I didn't call the hotel to make a room reservation, but I . A. may have B. must have C. should have D. shall have 6. My sister will be here tomorrow, but at first I thought that she today. A. was coming B. is coming C. must come D. may come 7. Land belongs to the city; there is thing as private ownership of land. A. no such a B. not such C. not such any D. no such 8. The flats I have looked at so far were too expensive. So I'm better off where I am. A. stay B. staying C. to stay D. stayed 9. Since the family are moving to a new house, they have to buy new furniture. A. a lot of B. many C. a few D. as 10. My son walked ten miles today. We never guessed that he could walk far. A. / B. such C. that D. as 11. If talks for the new trade agreements take , food industries in both countries will be seriously affected. A. much too long B. too much longer C. too much long D. much long 12. You and I could hardly understand each other, ? A. could I B. couldn't you C. could we D. couldn't we 13. We the visitor with an apartment, but he specifically asked for a single room. A. could provide B. could have provided C. couldn't provide D. couldn't have provided 14. The missile is designed in such a way that once nothing can be done to retrieve it. A. fired B. being fired C. they fired D. having fired 15. , he would not have recovered so quickly. A. Hadn't he been taken good care of B. Had he not been taken good care of C. Had not he been taken good care of D. Had he been not taken good care of 1. It was not until midnight the camping site. A. that they reached B. that they did not reach C. did they reach D. did they not reach 2. It is predicated that existing reserves of fossil fuel by 2045. A. have been run out B. are going to be run out C. will have run out D. have run out 3. Only by increasing its exports drastically from the present trade imbalance. A. the country can emerge B. the country might emerge C. can the country emerge D. the country might emerged 4. The more acid you add to the solution, it becomes.

A. cloudier B. the cloudiest C. more cloudy D. the cloudier 5. The lecture said "It's time you the literature review." A. began B. should begin C. begin D. are beginning 6. way you do it, the answer is always the same. A. However B. Whichever C. Whoever D. Why ever 6. Although she wrote a lot of short stories and poems when she was very young, __ she was twenty-five. A. her first real success did not come until B. her real first success came until not C. since her first real success did not come until D. not until her first real success 7. You should know better than your little sister at home by herself. A. to leave B. leaving C. to have left D. left 8. As the train will not leave until one hour later, we grab a bite at the snack bar. A. may well B. just as well C. might as well D. as well 9. She resorted to when she had no money to buy foods for her children. A. have stolen B. steal C. stole D. stealing 10. The boy has admitted to the window while playing football yesterday. A. breaking B. having been broken C. break D. be breaking 11. Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely to the outside world. A. having been lost B. to be lost C. losing D. lost 12. in the United States, St. Louis has now become the 24th largest city. A. Being the fourth biggest city B. It was once the fourth biggest city C. Once the fourth biggest city D. The fourth biggest city it was 13. She always put her medication on the top of the shelf lest the children it by mistake. A. took B. should take C. had taken D. would take 14. The earnings of women are well below that of men educational differences that are diminishing between the two sexes. A. although B. though C. despite of D. in spite of 15. When I got out of the car and walked about among them, one old man who shook his head disapprovingly, they all began to cheer. A. see that B. except that C. provided that D. except for 1. It was to New York he went in the hope of finding work on one of the New York newspapers. A. which B. where C. as D. that 2. before, his first performance for the amateur dramatic group was a success. A. Though having never acted B. As he had never acted C. Despite he had never acted D. In spite of his never having acted 3. By the middle of the 21st century, the vast majority of the world's population in cities rather than in the country. A. are living B. will be living C. have lived D. will have lived 4. Mr. Milton prefers to resign part in such dishonest business deals. A. than take B. than to take C. rather than take D. rather than to take 5. No one would have time to read or listen to an account of everything going on in the world. A. it is B. as is C. that is D. what is

6. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, a sudden loud noise. A. being there B. should there be C. there was D. there have been 7. Bit by bit, a child makes the necessary changes to make his language A. as other people B. as other people's C. like other people D. like other people's 8. Clothing made of plastic fibres has certain advantages over made of natural fibres like cotton, wool, or silk. A. one B. the one C. that D. what 9. The treasury issued an order stating that land purchased from the government had to be paid for in gold and silver. A. henceforth B. moreover C. whereby D. however 10. In some countries, is called equality does not really mean equal rights for all people. A. which B. one C. that D. what 11. The message is clear: Just as tea and banana cannot go together, should the son of a low class family expect to marry the daughter of a nobleman. A. either B. not C. neither D. nor 12. After the Arab States won independence, great emphasis was laid on expanding education, with girls as well as boys to go to school. A. to be encouraged B. been encouraged C. being encouraged D. be encouraged 13. , a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly than a man whose command of language is poor. A. Other things being equal B. To be equal to other things C. Were other things equal D. Other things to be equal 14. The project, by the end of 200S,will expand the city's telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users. A. accomplished B. being accomplished C. to be accomplished D. having been accomplished 15. ghost exists in the world. That's your illusion. A. No such a thing as B. No such a thing as a C. No such thing as a D. No such thing as 1. If you Jerry Brown until recently, you'd think the photograph on the right was strange. A. shouldn't contact B. weren't to contact C. didn't contact D. hadn't contacted 2. Scientists think helps some trees to conserve water in the winter. A. when losing leaves B. leaves are lost C. that losing leaves D. the leaves losing 3. He never hesitates to make criticisms are considered helpful to others. A. so, that B. so, as C. such, that D. Such, as 4. stereophonic phonograph records, two recordings are made of the same musical performance. A. Creates B. Created C. The creating of D. To create 5. We'd rather you the account tomorrow. A. settled B. settle C. would settle D. will settle 6. There was a teapot fashioned like a china duck, out of ____ open mouth the tea was supposed

to come. A. which B. its C. that D. whose 7. There is not a conductor resists the flow of the electrical charges. A. which B. but C. that D. it 8. A man escaped from the prison last night, It was a long time the guards discovered what had happened. A. before B. until C. since D. when 9. Moreover, in the modern age human beings, depend so much on machines, Francis Chichester had given men throughout the world new pride. A. when B. whether C. more D. ever 10. we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work. A. For now B. Since that C.Now that D. By now 11. It be realized that football, in its modern form, was organized and given rules in Britain. A. has to, initially B. should, firstly C. must, first D. ought to, initial 12. He made a long speech his ignorance of the subject. A. only showing B. only showed C. only to show D. only as to show 13. The mere fact most people believe nuclear wars would be madness doesn't mean that it will not occur. A. what B. which C. that D. why 14. Britain's press is unusual it is pided into two very different types of newspaper: the quality press and the popular press. A. in how B. in what C. in which D. in that 15. Don't get your schedule ; stay with us in this class. A. to change B. changing C. changed D. change 1. My pain apparent the moment I walked into the room, for the first man I met asked sympathetically: "Are you feeling all right?" A. must be B. must have been C. had been D. had to be 2. It is only when you nearly lose someone fully conscious of how much you value him. A. do you become B. then you become C. that you become D. have you become 3. Just as the soil is a part of the earth, the atmosphere. A. as it is B. so is C. the same as D. and so is 4. While driving along the treacherous road, . A. my right rear tire blew out B. my right rear tire had a blowout C. I had a blowout on my right rear tire D. I had my right rear tire blowout 5. Jean Wagner's most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American Poetry is his insistence that it in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference. A. is to be analyzed B. has been analyzed C. be analyzed D. should have been analyzed 6. there is little we can do to modify the weather, we can at least know what kind of weather to expect. A. Since B. When C. While D. Unless 7. This organization brought Western artists together in the hope of making more of an impact on the art community any of them could inpidually and to promote Western art by women.

A. rather than B. rather C. than D. other than 8. But the Swiss discovered long years ago that constant warfare brought them suffering and poverty. A. anything but B. nothing but C. none other than D. no more than 9. After seemed an endless wait, it was her turn to step into the doctor's office. A. it B. that C. what D. which 10. The board deemed it's urgent that these files right away. A. had to be printed B. should have been printed C. must be printed D. should be printed 11. The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the audience on benches, chairs or boxes. A. having seated B. seating C. seated D. having been seated 12. in this way, the situation doesn't seem so disappointing. A. To look at B. Looking at C. Looked at D. To be looked at 13. Nobody came to see me while I was out, ? A. did they B. didn't they C. did she D. didn't she 14. You will see this product wherever you go. A. to be advertised B. advertised C. advertise D. advertising 15. Suddenly fire broke out in the room and everything in it was soon on fire. A. /, a B. The, / C. a, / D. /, the

名词性从句专题练习 1. Nowadays consumers become more and more practical and buy only _______ they need. A. where B. which C. when D. what 2. She’d like to offer money to ________ needs it to continue his or her study. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever 3. ---If you are admitted to a key university, _________ as a prize? --- I’m looking for a cell phone. A. What you expect your father will offer you B. Do you expect what your father will offer you C. What do you expect will your father offer you D. What do you expect your father will offer you 4. Yesterday he sold out all his stamps at ____ he thought was a reasonable price. A. that B. which C. what D. as 5. Generally speaking, _______ we have seen seems more believable than _______ we have been told. A. what; that B. what; what C. that; what D. that; that 6. After three days’ waiting, there was a little doubt in the mother’s mind _______ the police could find her lost child. A. how B. that C. where D. whether 7. “Sustainable development” is a question _______ we can continue developing the world without damaging the environment. A. why B. when C. that D. how 8. We’d like to do _______ we can _________ the poor.

A. how; help B. all; to help C. whatever; help D. however; to help 9. My parents used ________they had to get a new car for my brother. A. which B. all what C. what D. 不填 10. She was so angry at all ________ he was doing _________ she stayed up all night. A. that; that B. that; which C. what; that D. what; as 11. After _________ seemed ages, the newsman disclosed the facts. A. there B. which C. what D. that 12. Our school is no longer _________ it was 10 years ago, _________ it was not well equipped. A. what; which B. that; which C. what; when D. that; where 13. Our bad living habits will destroy the earth. Only by changing ________we live can we save the earth. A. that B. what C. how D. where 14. Thinking that you know _________ in fact you don’t is a serious mistake A. what B. that C. when D. however 15. Energy is _________ makes things work. A. what B. everything C. something D. anything 16. One of the men held the view __________the book said was right. A. that what B. what that C. that D. whether 17. I think that this meal was well worth ________ was charged for it. A. that B. what C. which D. how many 18. Do you think the reason ________ he gave is believable? A. for which B. which C. why D. what 19. Although he knew little about the large amount of work done in the field, he succeeded ________ other more well-informed experimenters failed. A. which B. that C. what D. where 20. Although Anne is happy with her success she wonders________ will happen to her private life. A. it B. that C. what D. this 21. The news has spread all over the country ________ the spaceship succeeded in returning to the earth. A. that B. which C. whether D. what 22. You can choose ________ book you like among these. A. no matter what B. whatever C. whose D. whichever 23. Is this research center ________ we visited the modern equipment last year? A. where B. that C. the one D. which 24. Loulan city is not at all _______a traveler who has never seen the desert before can expect. A. what B. that C .which D. where 25. What the doctor is uncertain about is ______ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A. when B. how C. whether D. why 26. We should buy our daughter a computer in ______ it can help to improve her English. A. which B. that C. what D. whom 27. I wish to have a friend with ______ shares my hobbies and interests. A. whomever B. no matter who C. whoever D. anyone 28. Why don’t you bring _______ to his attention that you are too busy to do it. A. this B. what C. that D. it

29. The task required _______ did it ______ careful and brave enough. A. who; is B. whom; was C. whomever; were D. whoever; be 30. We wrote a letter of thanks to _______ had helped us. A. who B. those C. whom D. whoever 31.--- What are you anxious about? --- ___________. A. Whether we can succeed B. If we succeed C. Do you succeed D. That we can succeed 32. I just don’t understand_______ that prevents so many Americans from being as happy as one might expect. A .why it does B. what it does C. what it is D. why it is 33. ---I rang you at about ten, but there was no reply. ---Oh, that was probably _________ I was seeing the doctor. A. when B. why C. what D. that 34. I kept this picture ________ I can see it every day as it reminds me of my university days. A. in which B. where C. when D. whether 35. ---I can’t find Mr. Smith .Where did you last see him this morning? ---It was in the hotel _______ he stayed. A. that B. where C. which D. since 36. You should keep those old jam bottles ----you never know ______ you might need them. A. when B. how. C. what D .where 37. ---Do you have anything in mind ________you’d like for supper ? ---Well, ________will do for me. A. which, everything B. that, anything C. what, whatever D. that, either 38. After five hours’ drive, they reached ________ they thought was the place they’d been dreaming of . A. that B. what C. which D. where 39. It is recommended that the project _________ until all the preparations have been made. A. is not started B. not be started C. will not be started D. is not to be started 40.________ has finished the work ahead of time will be rewarded though we don't know who it will be. A. Those who B. Anyone C. Whoever D. No matter who 41. ________ makes the school famous is ________ more than 90% of the students have been admitted to universities. A. What; because B. That; because C. That; what D. What; that 42. Everything depends on ________ they will support you about it. A. if B. which C. whether D. that 43. After ten years, she changed a lot and looked different from_________ she used to be. A. that B. whom C. what D. who 44. I know nothing about the young lady--- ________ she is from Being. A. except B. except for C. except that D. besides 45. The question came up at the meeting ________we had enough money for our research.

A. that B. what C. which D. whether 46. __________ a terrible storm would take place in Hainan. A. Word came which B. Word came that C. Word that came D. Words came that 47. _________ David says sounds right to Helen. That’s why she has made up her mind not to leave him________ happens. A. whatever; whatever B. No matter what; whatever C. No matter what; no matter what D. Whatever; however 48. Mr. Hopkins has not yet answered my question________ I can go with him to ________ he calls the Underground Treasure House next week. A. that; which B. that; where C. whether; that D. whether; what 49. --- Don’t you believe me? --- ________, I will believe _________ you say. A. No; whatever B. Yes; no matter what C. No; no matter what D. Yes; whatever 50. __________ is mentioned above, the number of the students in senior high school is increasing. A. Which B. As C. That D. It 51. See the flags on top of the building? That was ______ we did this morning. A. when B. which C. where D. what 52. “What did your parents think about your decision?” “They always let me do ______ I think I should.” A. when B. that C. how D. what 53. “Could you do me a favor?” “It depends on ____ it is.” A. which B. whichever C. what D. whatever 54. There is much chance _______ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. A. that B. which C. until D. if 55. ______ makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever 56. Mary wrote an article on _______ the team had failed to win the game. A. why B. what C. who D. that 57. The poor young man is ready to accept _______ help he can get. A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whenever 58. As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when ______and see him. A. you will come B. will you come C. you come D. do you come 59. ______ in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your e-mail account. A. What is required B. What requires C. It is required D. It requires 60. Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and _______ it is rough or smooth. A. 不填 B. whether C. how D. what 61. The way he did it was different ________ we were used to. A. in which B. in what C. from what D. from which 62. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer _______ it was 20 years ago, _______ it was so poorly equipped. A. what; when B. that; which

C. what; which D. which; that 63. Danby left word with my secretary ________ he would call again in the afternoon. A. who B. that C. as D. which 64. “Don’t you think it necessary that he _______ to Miami but to New York?” “I agree, but the problem is ________ he has refused to.” A. will not be sent; that B. not be sent; that C. should not be sent; what D. should not send; what 65. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ________ a care for AIDS will be found. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 66. The old lady’s hand shook frequently. She explained to her doctor ________ this shaking had begun half a year before, and ______, only because of this, she had been forced to give up her job. A. when; how B. how; when C. how; how D. why; why 67. Do you have any idea _______ is actually gong on in the classroom? A. that B. what C. as D. which 68. I want to know ________ the thief was caught on the spot. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 69. Our club is open to adults only. _______ your children have entered without permission. A. There seems that B. It seems to be C. There seems to be D. It seems that 70. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ________ I disagree. A. why B. where C. what D. how 71. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand _______ they insist on going by motorbike. A. why B. whether C. when D. how 72. We cannot figure out _______ quite a number of insects, birds, and animals are dying out. A. that B. as C. why D. when 73. The Foreign Minister said, “_______ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace.” A. This is B. There is C. That is D. It is 74. A story goes _______ Elizabeth 1 of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. A. when B. where C. what D. that 75. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter ____ I’m talking to. A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom 76. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ________ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 77. After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, ______ our astronauts desire to do is walk in space. A. where B. what C. that D. how 78. Along with the letter was his promise _______ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 79. A modern city has been set up in ________ was a wasteland ten years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. where 80. I think father would like to know ________ I’ve been up to so far, so I decide to send him a quick note. A. which B. why C. what D. how 81. Parents are taught to understand ________ important education is to their children’s future.

A. that B. how C. such D. so 82.It is pretty well understood _________ controls the flow of carbon dioxide in and out the atmosphere today. A. that B. when C. what D. how 83. ---Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game? ---Oh, that’s _________. A. what makes me feel excited B. whatever I feel excited about C. how I feel about it D. when I feel excited 84. There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars _________ road conditions need ________. A. that; to be improved B. which; to be improved C. where; improving D. when; improving 85. _________ made the school proud was __________ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities. A. What; because B. What; that C. That; what D. That; because 86. There’s a feeling in me ___________ we’ll never know what a UFO is –not ever. A. that B. which C. of which D. what 87. Perseverance is a kind of quality—and that’s _________ it takes to do anything well. A. what B. that C. which D. why 88. ---I think it’s going to be a big problem. ---Yes, it could be. ---I wonder _________ we can do about it. A. if B. how C. what D. that 89. __________ fashion differs from country to country may reflect the cultural differences from one aspect. A. What B. That C. This D. Which 90. When you answer questions in a job interview, please remember the golden rule: Always give the monkey exactly __________ he wants. A. what B. which C. when D. that 91. A computer can only do __________ you have instructed it to do. A. how B. after C. what D. when 92. Information has been put forward __________ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A. while B that C. when D. as 93. I read about it in some book or other. Does it matter ___________ it was? A. where B what C how D. which 94. Little Tommy was reluctant to tell the schoolmaster __________ he had done the day before. A. that B how C. where D .what 95._________ she couldn’t understand was __________ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. A. What; why B. That; what C. What; because D. Why; that 96. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _________. A. who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is 97. These wild flowers are so special I would do __________ I can to save them. A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever 98. It was a matter of __________ would take the position.

A. who B. whoever C. whom D. whomever 99. _________ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 100. It worried her a bit _________her hair was turning grey. A. while B. that C. if D. for 1-10.DCDCB; DDBCA 11-20.CCCAA; ABBDC; 21-30ADAAC; BCDDD 31-40.ACABB; ABBBC 41-50 DCCCD; BADDB 51-60. DDCAA; ACACB 61-70. CABBB; CBDDB 71-80. ACDDB; CBBAC 81-90.BCAAB; AACBA 91-100. CBDDA; DAABB


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名词性从句练习题 名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。因此,名词性从句厅 分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位从句。 (一)引导名词性从句的连接词 1、连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which。有词义,在从句中担任成分,如主语、表 语、宾语、或定语等。 2、连接副词:when, where, why, how。有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语。 3、连接词:that, whether, if, as if。that 无词义,在从句中不担任成分,有时可省略;if (whether), as if 虽有词义,但在从句中不担任成分。 注意:连接代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,因而从句中谓语不用疑问式。连接代词 与连接副词在从句充当句子成分,连接词 whether 和 if(是否) ,as if(好象)在从句中不 充当句子成分,只起连接作用。根据句义,如果连接代词与连接副词,whether、if 和 as if 都用不上时,才用 that 作连接词(that 本身无任何含义) 。 (二)主语从句 1、主语从句在复合句作主语。 e.g. Who will go is not important. 2、用 it 作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。 e.g. It doesn't matter so much whether you will come or not. 3、that 引导主语从句时,不能省略。 e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. (三)表语从句 1、表语从句在复合句中作表语,位于系动词之后。

e.g. The question was who could go there. 2、引导表语从句的连接词 that 有时可省去。 e.g. My idea is (that) we can get more comrades to help in the work. (四)宾语从句 1、宾语从句在复合句中作宾语。引导宾语从句的连词 that 一般可省略。 e.g. I hope (that) everything is all right. 2、介词之后的宾语从句,不可用 which 或 if 连接,要分别用 what 或 whether。 e.g. I'm interested in whether you've finished the work.. I'm interested in what you've said. 3、whether 与 if 都可以引导宾语从句,常可互换。但下面情况不能互换。 ①宾语从句是否定句时,只用 if,不用 whether。 e.g. I wonder if it doesn't rain. ②用 if 会引起误解,就要用 whether。 e.g. Please let me know whether you want to go.(此句如果把 whether 改成 if,容易当成条件 句理解) ③宾语从句中的 whether 与 or not 直接连用,就不能换成 if;不直接连用,可换。 e.g. I don't know whether or not the report is true. I don't know whether/ if the report is true or not. ④介词后的宾语从句要用 whether 引导。whether 可与不定式连用。whether 也可引导主语 从句、表语从句、同位语从句,还可引导让步状语从句,以上均不能换成 if。但引导条件从 句时,只能用 if,而不能用 whether。 e.g. It depends on whether we have enough time. They don't know whether to go there. Please come to see me if you have time. (五)同位语从句 同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语,一般位于该名词(如:news, fact, idea, suggestion, promise 等)之后,说明该名词的具体内容。 e.g. I have no idea when he will be back. The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody. 练习:名词性从句 一、判断下列各句哪句含有名词性从句,并指出是什么从句: 1. China is no longer what it used to be. 2. The truth that the earth turn around the sun is known to all. 3. It was snowing when he arrived at the station. 4. How he persuaded the manager to change the plan is interesting to us all. 5. The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. 6. The news that you told me yesterday was really disappointing. 7. That is where Lu Xun used to live. 8. He spoke as if he understood what he was talking about. 9. Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school? 10. I wonder why she refused my invitation. 二、用适当的连词填空: 1. I can't decide ____________ dictionary I should buy. 2. That's ____________ he refused my invitation.

3. I am very interested in ____________ he has improved his pronunciation in such a short time. 4. ____________ we need is more time. 5. The fact ____________ she had not said anything at the meeting surprised everybody. 6. ____________ and ____________ they will meet has not been decided yet. 7. Please tell me ____________ you are waiting for. 8. Is that ____________ you are looking for? 9. Would you please tell me ____________ the nearest post office is? 10. I don't know ____________ he will agree to the plan or not. 三、选择填空: 1. Do you see _____ I mean? A. that B./ C. how D. what 2. Tell me_____ is on your mind. A. that B. what C. which D. why 3. We must stick to _____ we have agreed on. A. what B. that C. / D. how 4. Let me see _____. A. that can I repair the radio B. whether -I can repair the radio C. I can repair the radio D. whether can I repair the radio 5. Keep in mind _____. A. that the teacher said B. what did the teacher say C. that did the teacher say D. what the teacher said 6. Could you advise me _____? A. which book should I read first B. what book should I read first C. that book 1 should read first D. which book I should read first 7. He was criticized for _____. A. he had done it B. what he had done C. what had he done D. that he had done it 8. Would you kindly tell me _____? A. how can I get to the Beijing Railway Station B. how I can get to the Beijing Railway Station C. where can I get to the Beijing Railway Station D. whether can I get to the Beijing Railway Station 9. Mrs. Smith was very much impressed by _____. A. what had she seen in China B. that she had seen in China C. what she had seen in China D. which had she seen in China 10. We took it for granted ___ A. that they were not coming B. that were they not coming C. they were coming not D. were they not coining 11. I really don't know _____ A. I should do next B. what should I do next C. what I should do next D. how I should do next 12. I'm afraid _____. A. the little girl will have to be operated on B. that will the little girl have to operate on C. the little girl will have to operate on

D. that will the little girl have to be operated on 13. She walked up to _____ . A. where did I stand B. where I stood C. I stood there D. where I stood there 14. Can you tell me _____? A. who is that gentleman B. that gentleman is who C. who that gentleman is D. whom .is that gentleman 15. We'll give you _____. A. that do you need B. what do you need C. whatever you need D. whether do you need 16. They want us to know _____ to help us. A. what can they B. what they can C. how they can D. how can they 17. We must put _____ into practice. A. what we have learned B. that we have learned C. that have we learned D. what have we learned 18. Did she say anything about _____? A. that the work was to be done B. how was the work to be done C. that was the work to be done D. how the work was to be done 19. He was never satisfied with _____. A. what she had achieved B. had what she achieved C. she had achieved D. that she achieved 20. These photographs will show you _____. A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 21. Peter insisted _____ he pay the bill. A. on that B. what C. that D. on which 22. They urged _____ the library open during the vacation. A. when B. where C. why D. that 23. We wish we could have learned _____ when we were at high school. A. what you did B. that you had done C. that what you did D. what did you do 24.1 will describe to you _____ I saw when there. A. what B. that C. which D./ 25. From _____ I should say he is a good worker. A. what 1 know of him B. that I do know of him C. what do I know of him D. that do I know of him 26. I will give this dictionary to __ wants to have it. A. whomever B. anyone C. whoever D. someone 27._____ they will come here hasn' t been decided yet. A. What B. That C. When D. Where 28. _____ was said here must be kept secret. A. Who B. The thing C. Whatever D. Where 29. It is still a question _____ we shall have our sports meet. A. if B. that C. what D. when

30. I'm going anyway. _____ she will go is up to her to decide. A. If or not B. Whether or not C. If D. That 31. It is strange _____ she have left without saying a word. A. that B. what C. why D. how 32. It is very clear _____ our policy is a correct one. A. what B. that C. why D. where 33. _____ Mr Zhang said is quite right. A. That B. When C. What D. Whether 34. It has been decided _____ he will be sent there. A. if B. whether C. why D. that 35. It doesn' t matter _____he' s come back or not. A. if B. whether C. that D. when 36. It's a great pity _____ we won't be able to finish the task on time. A. when B. that C. why D. where 37. It happened _____ I wasn't there that day. A. when B. why C. where D. that 38._____ you have done might do harm to other people. A. What B. That C. Which D. The things 39. _____ leaves the room last ought to turn oft the lights. A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D.Who 40._____ the 2000 Olympic Games won't be held in Beijing is known to all. A. Whether B. If C. Whenever D. That 41. _____ fails to see this will make a big mistake. A. That B. Whoever C. Whether D. Whether or not 42. __ we need more equipment is quite obvious. A. What B. Whether C. That D. Whatever 43. Has it been announced _____? A. when are the planes to take off B. that are the planes to take off C. where are the planes to take off D. when the planes are to take off 44. That is _____ we all support his idea. A. what B. why C. where D. when 45. That's _____ we should do. A. that B. what C. how D. why 46. _____ is troubling me is _____ I don't understand _____ he said A. What; that; what B. What; what; what C. That; that; what D. Why; that; which 47. Things were not _____ they seemed to be. A. when B. why C. that D. what 48. That's _____ I want to say. A. all what B. what C. all which D. what that 49. That's _____ . A. where our differences lie B. our differences lie there C. where do our differences lie D. that where our differences lie 50. That is _____ .

A. where lived he there B. where did he live C. where he lived D. that where he lived 51. The questions is _____. A. whether is it worth doing B. that if it is worth doing C. whether it is worth doing D. if it is worth doing 52. Water will continue to be _____ it is today next in importance to oxygen. A. how B. which C. what D. as 53. That's_____. A. how did I become a teacher B. how I became a teacher C. how a teacher I became D. that I became a teacher 54. They are just _____. A. that what shall I have B. what shall I have C. that I shall have what D. what I shall have 55. It looked ____. A. as if it was going to rain B. that as if it was going to rain C. as if was it going to rain D. as if that it was going to rain 56. That's_____. A. how she did it B. that how did she do it. C. how did she do it D. what she did it 57. That is _____ we decided to put the discussion off. A. where B. which C. that D. why 58. That's _____ I lived when I was ten years old. A. where B. at which C. there where D. when 59. My suggestion is _____ we should send a few comrades to help them. A. if B. that C. when that D. that where 60. The idea _____ all people are selfish is wrong. A. what B. that C. why D. if 61. We heard the news _____ our team had won. A. that B. what C. whether D. why 62. The fact _____ he hadn't said anything surprised us all. A. why B. if C. that D. whether 63.I have no idea _____ she will be back. A. that B. where C. that when D. when 64. We must keep in mind the fact _____ China is still a developing country. A. whether B. that C. why D. when 65. They have no idea at all _____. A. where he has gone B. where did he go C. where has he gone D. which place he has gone 语法复习三:名词性从句 一、1、表语从句;2、同位语从句;3、不是;4、主语从句;5、同位语从句;6、不是;7、 表语从句;8、宾语从句;9、不是;10、宾语从句 二、1. which; 2. why; 3. how; 4. What; 5. that; 6. when, where; 7. who(m); 8. what; 9. where; 10. whether 三、1~5 DBABD 6~10 DBBCA 11~15 CABCC 16~20 BADAB 21~25 CDAAA

26~30 CCCDB 31~35 ABCDB 36~40 BDACD 41~45 BCDBB 46~50 ADBAC 51~55 CCBDA 56~60 ADABB 61~65 ACDBA

A .① I want one magazine ______ . ( read ) ② My teacher wanted me ______ this question . ( answer ) ③ The woman wanted her husband ______ at once . ( examine ) ④ My bicycle wants _______ . ( repair ) B .① What made you ______ so ? ( think ) ② The girl was made _____ a man she didn't love at all . ( marry ) ③ The show made me _______ in the study of science . ( interest ) ④ He raised the picture to make everyone _______ clearly . ( see ) ⑤ He raised his voice to make himself _______ . ( hear ) ⑥ My father himself made some candles _______ light . ( give ) ⑦ The boss made the workers _______ day and night . ( work ) C .① You'd better get your own room _______ . ( clean ) ② Yesterday he got his wallet _______ . ( steal ) ③ You should get your friends _______ you . ( help ) ④ The lecture got us _______ . ( think ) ⑤ Don't get ________ in the rain . ( catch ) D .① Did you see somebody _______ into the room ? ( steal ) ② I saw him _______ in the room at that time . ( read ) ③ She was glad to see her child ________ good care of . ( take ) ④ I saw her _______ at the windows , thinking . ( seat ) ⑤ She was seen ________ here . ( come ) E .① I like _______ very much . ( swim ) ② I don't like _______ TV at this time . ( watch ) ③ He never likes _______ at the meeting . ( praise ) ④ I feel like _______ to the cinema . ( go ) ⑤ Would you like ______ with me ? ( go ) F .① The man ______ at the meeting now is from the south . ( speak ) ② I don't know the professor ______ at the meeting tomorrow . ( speak ) ③ He is the professor _______ to dinner . ( invite ) G .① It was so cold and he had the fire _______ all night long . ( burn ) ② I have a lot of exercises ________ today . ( do ) ③ "Do you have nay clothes _______ today ? "asked Mother . ( wash ) ④ You'd better have that bad tooth _______ out . ( pull ) ⑤ I want to have him _______ a car for me . ( find ) H . ① He doesn't do anything but _______ all day . ( play ) ② We have no choice but _______ . ( obey )

③ I'm thinking of how _______ my English . ( improve ) ④ He made an apology for _____ late . ( be ) I .① He told us about his trip in an _______ voice . ( excite ) ② He told us his story in a _______ voice . ( tremble ) ③ At the sight of a snake , the little girl was very _______ . ( frighten ) ④ The boy was _______ , so I didn't believe him again . ( disappoint ) J . ① He is looking forward to ______ college .( enter ) ② He is looking forward to _____ nothing .( see ) K . ① When he heard the news , he couldn't help ________ with joy . (jump) ② I couldn't help ______ by the beauty of nature .( strike ) ③ Sorry , I can't help ______ the housework today . ( do ) L . ①______ enough time , we'll do it better . ( give ) ②______ a candle , he went on reading . ( light ) ③______ from the hill , the park looks more beautiful . ( see ) ④______ the people well , we must work hard at our lessons . ( serve ) 二、单项选择: (1) 1. Saying always has less difficulty than _____. A. done B. doing C. to do D. having done 2. The girl is seriously ill. There is _____. A. nothing to do but send for a doctor B. something to do but to send for a doctor C. nothing to do but to send for a doctor D. anything to do but sending for a doctor 3. The rest of the money _____ to Alice. A. is to send B. are to send C. is to be sent D. are to be sent 4. Although swimming is his favorite sport, yet he doesn’t like _____ today. A. to swim B. swimming C. swim D. to have swim 5. She said she was sorry _____ the train, so she had to stay here for another day. A. missing B. having missed C. to miss D. to have missed 6. _____ the same mistake again made his parents very angry. A. His being made B. He has made C. He had making D. His making 7. I find the man hard _____. A. to be pleased B. pleasing C. pleased D. to please 8. You’d better not have the lights _____ all day long. A. burning B. burned C. to burn D. being burnt

9. It is _____ thinking about it now. A. of no use B. not use C. no use D. not of any uses 10. —Would you like to sing a song for us? —_____. A. I prefer not B. I prefer not to C. I prefer to not D. I wouldn’t prefer 11. He insisted _____ the working site. A. to be sent to B. being sent to C. on being sent to D. that to be sent to 12. During the next ten years, she had to work hard _____ for the necklace. A. paying B. to pay C. for paying D. in order to paying 13. Janet was angry at _____. A. my not waiting for her B. I didn’t wait for her C. me not wait for her D. me to not wait for her 14. I prefer staying at home _____ the theater. A. to go to B. for going to C. to going to D. rather than go 15. Please get someone _____ the washing machine. I want to get it _____ as soon as possible. A. to repair/to be repaired B. repair/repaired C. to repair/repairing D. to repair/repaired 16. _____ more time, he could have done the work much better. A. To be given B. To give C. Given D. Giving 17. The information _____ to us is of great value. A. brought B. taken C. being taken D. being carried 18. The building _____ next month will be a modern hospital. A. built B. being built C. to be built D. be built 19. Jessie was sick _____ such noise. A. of hearing B. to hear C. of being heard D. heard 20. _____, he left the room. A. Finishing the work B. Had finished the work C. After finished the work D. Having finished the work 21. _____ afraid _____ behind, Bill studied even harder than ever before. A. To be/of falling B. Being/fall C. Being/of falling D. To be/to fall 22. The machine requires _____, so the workers are required _____ ready. A. repair/to get B. repairing/to get C. repairing/getting D. to be repaired/getting 23. Everyone dislikes _____.

A. being laughed B. to be laughed C. being laughed at D. to be laughed at 24. Would you like Helen _____ you since you have some difficulty? A. helping B. to help C. has helped D. help 25. He is beginning _____ his mistakes. A. correct B. to correct C. correcting D. corrected 26. The Americans can’t use chopsticks _____. A. to eat B. to eating C. eating D. to eat with 27. My wish is _____ the people well in the future. A. to serve for B. to serve C. serving D. serving for 28. The poor boy, _____ with extraordinary strength, _____ from the ground. A. filled/rose B. filling/rose C. full/raised D. filled/risen 29. Most shops are open every day, Sunday _____. A. including B. included C. being included D. to include 30. _____ hot, he left only his stomach _____ with a piece of cloth. A. Feeling/covering B. Feeling/covered C. Felt/covered D. Felt/covering 31. He advised _____ a meeting _____ the problem. A. holding/to discuss B. holding/for discussing C. to hold/to discuss D. hold/discussing 32. _____ the teacher, and he will tell you the answer. A. Asking B. Ask C. If ask D. If you ask 33. The thief entered the room without _____. A. noticing B. being noticed C. having noticed D. having been noticed 34. I happened _____ the story when she told me about it. A. having heard of B. to have heard of C. to be heard of D. to hear of 35. He is said _____ abroad already. A. having sent B. to be sending C. to have been sent D. being sent 36. He was made _____ working because of his poor health. A. stopping B. to stop C. stopped D. stop 37. Do you consider it any good _____ again? A. to try B. try C. trying D. for you to try

38. I regret _____ you that we are unable to offer you a job. A. informing B. having informed C. to inform D. to informing 39. I would appreciate _____ back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you’re calling 40. She admitted _____ the key. A. being taking B. to take C. having taken D. to have taken 41. Besides _____, she is kind and tender. A. beautiful B. being beautiful C. she beautiful D. is beautiful 42. I don’t want to speak to you, but I _____. A. have to speak B. have to C. must speak D. must 43. I wondered whether the movie was _____ worth _____. A. very/seeing B. well/being seen C. very/being seen D. well/seeing 44. The lecturer began by _____ us where the island was, and went on _____ about history. A. telling/talking B. to tell/to talk C. telling/to talk D. he told/talking 45. After seeing the movie, _____. A. the book was read by him B. the book made him want to read it C. he wanted to read the book D. the reading of the book interested him 46. —Why doesn’t he take notes? —He has no pen _____. He seems _____ it. A. to write/to forget bringing B. to write with/to forget to bring C. to use with/to have forgotten to bring D. to write with/to have forgotten to bring 47. When _____, water can be changed into vapor. A. heated B. being heated C. having been heated D. to heat 48. Having finished the work, _____. A. it was almost six o’clock B. a postman came and delivered the evening paper and some letters C. supper had already been prepared D. we had a rest and then had supper 49. _____, she felt quite shy at the party. A. As she a stranger B. Being a stranger C. According to a stranger D. She was a stranger 50. Flank went to the swimming pool _____ swimming. A. to go B. gone


C. going D. go 51. The _____ girl sat in the corner, crying. A. frighten B. frightened C. frightening D. fright 52. On a _____ morning the little match girl was found _____ at the corner of the street. A. freezing/freezing B. freezing/frozen C. frozen/frozen D. frozen/freezing 53. They found a _____ old man _____ on the ground when the door was broken open. A. dying/lying B. dying/lied C. dead/lied D. dead/lain 54. Be quick, or you’ll get _____ in the rain. A. to be caught B. catching C. to catch D. caught 55. Who could have imagined such a sweet-tempered girl as Jane _____ such a thing! A. doing B. to do C. will do D. does 56. He told me not to leave the pot _____. A. uncovered B. to uncover C. to be uncovered D. uncovering 57. The experience made him _____ the study of science. A. interest in B. to interest in C. interesting in D. interested in 58. He managed to make himself _____ with his _____ English. A. understood/breaking B. understood/broken C. understand/breaking D. understand/broken 59. Did you hear the sound like that of a door _____? A. burst B. to burst in C. burst in D. to be burst in 60. I was deep in thought, so I didn’t notice _____. A. him to come in B. him come in C. he come in D. him coming in 61. Have you any objection to _____ there on foot? A. be going B. going C. go D. went 62. The wallet was returned to him without anything _____. A. missed B. to be missed C. missing D. to miss 63. The teacher was far from _____ with the result of the exam. A. satisfy B. satisfied C. being satisfied D. satisfying 64. Hurry up! Mother is sure _____ us at home. A. waiting B. to wait for C. to be waiting D. to be waiting for 65. Mr Brown is said _____ a new novel.

A. to writing B. to have been written C. to be written D. to have written 66. When _____ into a warm room, the ice soon changed to water. A. to take B. to be taken C. taking D. taken 67. The old man walked in the street _____. A. followed his son B. and following his son C. and followed by his son D. followed by his son 68. _____ with fear, a hungry fox hid himself in a small cave, _____ his tail to the rain. A. Trembling/exposing B. Trembled/exposed C. Trembled/exposing D. Trembling/exposed 69. The two farmers _____ what appeared to be small guns forced the enemy officer to hand in his map. A. carried B. were carrying C. carrying D. had carried 70. Six _____ nine makes fifteen. A. added to B. adds to C. added up to D. added by 71. The lecturer _____ will be here tomorrow. A. to talk about so much B. to be talking about so much C. so much talking about D. so much talked about 72. _____ some of the questions _____, the Premier said goodbye to us. A. Left/unanswered B. Leaving/unanswered C. Leaving/unanswer D. Left/unanswer 73. _____ her mother had come, her face lit up. A. Hearing B. Having heard C. When heard D. When she heard 74. _____ in white, she looks much more beautiful. A. Wearing B. Dressing C. Dressed D. Having dressed 75. _____, the boy couldn’t enter his house. A. Since the key had lost B. The key being lost C. Lost the key D. Having lost the key 76. The Arctic is considered _____ the northern part of the Atlantic. A. having been B. to have been C. to be D. being 77. It is impossible for the work _____ within a month. A. finishing B. being finishing C. to finish D. to be finished 78. I am too glad _____ you. A. to see B. seeing C. saw D. at seeing 79. There is _____ what the weather will be like. A. not knowing B. no knowing

C. not know D. no known 80. The bottle _____ the poison was sent to the laboratory for a test. A. containing B. contained C. which containing D. which is contained 81. _____ the children, we are all sure everything will be all right. A. With him taken care of B. With he taken care of C. With him taking care of D. With he taking care of 82. At first she wanted to go to the cinema, but on second thoughts she decided it would be better _____ at home and _____. A. stay/work B. to stay/to work C. stay/to work D. to stay/work 83. He didn’t speak to me, let alone _____ me. A. help B. to help C. helping D. helped 84. The people’s government does its best to have the living standard of the people _____. A. risen B. raised C. rise D. raise 85. The little girl found her teddy bear _____ under the bed. A. hiding B. to hide C. hide D. hidden 86. Mr Smith is _____ to our English evening. A. more pleased than to come B. more pleased to come than C. more than pleased to come D. more pleasing than to come 87. Once _____, a bad habit is rather difficult to get rid of. A. formed B. to be formed C. forming D. having formed 88. You can have no idea what is _____ to do when you come to see the strange boss. A. ordering B. being ordered C. to order D. to be ordered 89. The noise of the door _____ the baby. A. closing waken B. to close woke C. closed wake D. being closed woke 90. Please leave a window _____, for it’s too hot. A. open B. opening C. to open D. opened 91. _____ not knowing the answer to such an easy question! A. Hope B. Decide C. Imagine D. Think 92. He asked to be kept _____ about developments. A. informing B. informed C. to inform D. inform 93. _____ everywhere, the wolves had nowhere _____ themselves. A. Hunting/to hide B. To hunt/to hide C. Hunted/hiding D. Hunted/to hide

94. It _____ this way. A. used to do B. used to be done C. is used to doing D. is using to do 95. They have a lot of difficulty _____. A. in overcoming B. to overcome it C. to overcome D. to be overcome 96. Didn’t you forget us _____ together in the countryside? A. to work B. to working C. working D. worked 97. You always hear about planes _____ because of technical faults. A. having been delayed B. being delayed C. having delayed D. delaying 98. These are needed for _____ clothes, paper and other necessaries. A. the making of B. making of C. to make D. makings 99. Have the police caught _____ yet? A. the prisoner who escapes B. the escaping prisoner C. the escaped prisoner D. the prisoner have escaped 100. Do you still remember _____ you when you stayed in hospital? A. my mother and me visiting B. my mother’s and my visiting C. my mother and me to visit D. my mother and me to have visited 三、单项选择(2) 1. There ______ no classes yesterday, we paid a visit to the Great Wall. A. was B. being C. were D. had been 2. The policeman rushed into the room only ______ an old lady lying on the ground. A. found B. find C. finding D. to find 3. The boy lay on the ground, his eyes ______ and his hands ______. A. closing; trembling B. closed; trembling C. closed; trembled D. closing; trembled 4.______, the girls raced on to the second runners. A. Stick in hand B. With a stick in her hand C. Sticks in hand D. Sticks in hands 5. Each of them got up early ______ to catch the early bus. A. to hope B. hoping C. so that D. and 6. How pleased the Emperor was ______ what the cheats said! A. hearing B. heard

C. hear D. to hear 7. We should prevent pollution ______ happily. A. from living B. living C. to living D. to live 8.I am busy now, so I can’t help ______ the machine. A. repair B. to have repaired C. repairing D. fixing 9. Jane came very close ______ a gold medal for Britain in the Olympics. A. to win B. winning C. to winning D. to be won 10. The boy seated himself in the corner with his back ______ to his father. A. turning B. to turn C. to be turned D. turned 11. ----By the way, when did you get your bedroom ______? ----Last week. A. to paint B. painted C. painting D. to be painted 12. He likes ______, but he doesn’t like ______ today because it is too cold. A. to swim; to swim B. swimming; swimming C. to swim; swimming D. swimming; to swim 13. There is ______ what the weather will be like. A. not knowing B. no knowing C. not know D. no known 14. The novel is said ______ into many languages. A. to translateB.being translated C. to have been translated D. having been translated 15. I’m examining the composition he has just finished ______ the possible mistakes in it. A. correcting B. to correct C. corrected D. correct 16. They would not allow him ______ across the enemy line. A. to risk going B. risking to go C. for risk to go D. risk going 17. He spent as much time as he could _____ the child. A. teaching B. to teach C. teach D. for teaching 18. ----Alice, why didn’t you come yesterday? ----I ______, but I had an unexpected visitor. A. had B. would C. was going to D. did 19. How pleased the Emperor was ______ what the cheats said! A. hearing B. to hear

C. heard D. hear 20. ______ the room, a letter was laid on the ground. A. Entering B. Having entered C. He entered D. Mrs Green entering 21. They set out ______ for the ______ boy. A. searching; losing B. searching; lost C. to search; lost D. to search; missed 22. ______ her mother had come, her face lit up. A. Hearing B. Having heard C. When hearing D. When she heard 23. They arrived at their university very late, ______ the gate closely shut. A. found B. to find C. find D. finding 24. ----Do you have anything more ______, sir? ----No. You can have a rest or do something else. A. typing B. to be typed C. typed D. to type 25. The manager promised to keep me ______ of how our business was going on. A. to be informed B. on informing C. informed D. informing 26. With a lot of difficult problems ______, the manager felt worried all the time. A. to settle B. settling C. settled D. being settled 27. Will those ______ the children from abroad come to the headmaster’s office? A. teaching B. teach C. who teaches D. who teaching 28. After ______ for the job, you will be required to take a language test. A. being interviewed B. interviewed C. interviewing D. having interviewed 29. They apologized for ______ to attend the meeting. A. their not being able B. their being not able C. them not able D. them being able not 30. They would not allow him ______ across the enemy line. A. to risk going B. risking to go C. for risk to go D. risk going 31. ______ to nuclear radiation, even for a short time, may produce variants(变异体) of genes in human bodies. A. Being exposed B. Having exposed C. Exposed D. After being exposed

32. China became the 143rd member of the World Trade Organization on December 11, 2001, thus ______ its 15-year wish to join the global trade body. A. having realized B. realized C. realizing D. to realize 33. Tom looked at Jenny, tears ______ his eyes, and shouted out the words ______ in his heart for years. A. filling; having hidden B. filled; hidden C. filling; hidden D. filled; hiding 34. They apologized for ______ to attend the meeting. A. their not being able B. their being not able C. them not able D. them being able not 35. Which will you enjoy ______ your vacation, traveling abroad or working in the countryside? A. to spend B. spend C. spending D. spent 36. ----Will you please tell us how you can seize the robbers? ----I will spend a whole week ______ in your room to wait for their coming. A. locking B. to lock C. locked D. being locked 37. I regret ______ you that they are unable to come to your wedding tomorrow. A. informing B. having informed C. to have been informed D. to inform 38. He wondered if he could slip out of the lecture hall without anyone ______. A. noticing B. noticed C. to notice D. being noticed 39. After ______ for the job, you will be required to take a language test. A. being interviewed B. interviewed C. interviewing D. having interviewed 40. He spoke in such a high voice ______ out in the street. A. as to be heard B. to be heard C. as to hear D. to hear



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