The Merchant of Venice
(noble person of the city)
enemies Shylock (moneyAntonio (merchant) Lender) friends Bassanio husband & wife Portia
1.What did the Duke ask Shylock to do ?
To have mercy on Antonio.
2.What did Shylock demand?
He demanded his pound of flesh.
3.What did Bassanio offer?
He offered six thousand ducats for the three thousand that Antonio borrowed.
4.What was Shylock’s reply?
He still demanded his pound of flesh.
? ? Portia’s performances and Shylock's reactions persuade First try to ? still ask for___________ Shylock_________ Then pretend not to ? Feel very__________ agree to change_____ And then try to persuade ? Strongly ask for Shylock_________ ___________again. Finally allow Shylock ? Feel very__________ to__________ and prepare to_________
What will happen next?
Did Shylock succeed in getting his pound of flesh? How did Portia stop Shylock from cutting Antonio’s flesh? What was the result of the trial? ? Who won the case at last ? ? What did Shylock get at last ? Does the story have a happy ending? What kind of play does The Merchant of Venice belong to, comedy or tragedy? Why? It’s a comedy . Because in a comedy the good wins and the bad loses.
Act II Listens to the tape, pay attention to the three “waits” :
The first wait : It’s the turning point of the trial . Portia raises an impossible task, what is it? The second wait :It gives Shylock a stronger hit, what is it? The third wait :it leads to Shylock’s final lose, What is it?
Rising action(发展) Climax(高潮)
Read the play again and try to fill in the blanks.
Antonio and Bassanio borrow 3,000 ducats from Shylock. If the debt is not repaid on time, Antonio will pay back with one pound of his flesh. ______________________________________.
problem rising action climax outcome
pay the debt Antonio is not able to __________________, because his lost ships are ________.Shylock starts demanding a pound of flesh ____________________.
The Duke tells Shylock to have mercy on Antonio. Portia tells still demands Shylock to be mercy, but Shylock ________________ a pound of flesh. _________________.
Portia declares Shylock may have _________________, no more , a pound of flesh no less. And if Shylock lets one drop of Antonio’s blood fall, ___________________________ he will lose_____________________________. all his land and money. Shylock begs for ________. He is _____________, mercy punished though not killed.
According to the following pictures, retell the play in your own words.
-- language & Character--
The play is famous for the expression “A pound of flesh”, can you tell the meaning ? It means “a harsh(苛刻的)demand or a terrible punishment”. Language is the soul of a play (drama), and it can indicate what the characters thought and the qualities of the characters .
-- Main Character--
Analyse the character of the main characters , using the lines in the play to support your ideas.
Especially :Portia’s opinion of mercy and three waits
Clever, sharp mind, merciful, smart ,intelligent…
-- Main Character--
Especially: his so many times of refusing to have mercy on Antonio
And what he said at the end of the trial
Greedy, cold-blooded ,cruel, selfish, vengeful(复仇心重的） …
-- Main Character--
Remind: A. it’s useless trying to argue with Shylock. B. give Shylock what he wants C. Don’t be sad for me D. What he said at the end of trial Character: kind, upright （正直）, generous , warm-hearted…
-- Main Character--
A. Offer ten times the money that Antonio has borrowed B. Please change the law a little C. What he said “last words” to Antonio
simple-minded, friendly, think highly of friendship…
Read the following sentences that could be spoken in the play. Who says what and to whom? sentence spoken by spoken to
“I feel sorry for you. You’ve come to face an enemy with a heart of stone, who knows neither pity nor mercy.”
Antonio Bassanio Antonio Bassanio
“I don’t have to give you answers Shylock that will please you” “Don’t worry! Before he can even take one drop of your blood, he will first have Bassanio to take my flesh, blood, bones and everything else.” “Don’t feel bad that a friend paid back the money you owed, but feel bad Antonio that you lost him.”
Among these persons, who do you like best?why? Which quality do you think is the most important to a person? Give your reasons.
Mercy is one of the best merits of human being. 仁慈是人类的优点之一。 Love is the only satisfactory answer to the problem of human existence.
The ideals which have lighted my way , and time after time have given me new courage to face life cheerfully have been kindness, beauty and t r u t h .
有些理想曾为我们引过道路，并不断给我新的勇气以欣然面对 人生，那些理想就是——真、善、美。--- Albert Einstein
-- enjoy language-
The reason why a play becomes a masterpiece, one of the reasons is that its language is vivid, logical and the use of motifs (文学手法），such as metaphor , pun(双关）, symbol, erotesis (反问法) and so on.
1. It’s useless trying to argue with Shylock. You might as well go stand upon the beach and argue with the sea. metaphor 2. How can you hope for mercy yourself when you show none? erotesis
3.What was Portia' s opinion of mercy?
Mercy brings good. Mercy falls like the gentle rain from the sky upon the earth. It is twice blessed: It blesses those who give it, and those who receive it. It is the highest of the highest. We should learn to show mercy on others. metaphor
慈悲带来益处。慈悲像甘露从天空中降到地面上， 它不但赐福施予的人，而且赐福于受施的人。我们 应该学会宽恕他人。
4.When Antonio said his last words to Bassanio, “I’ll pay him back with all my heart ”has two meanings : a. I’ll pay him back by giving all my life. b.I’m very sincere and grateful to pay him back all the money. pun 5.On page 68倒数5th Portia, when Portia pretends to allow Shylock to cut the flesh from Antonio, pay attention to the last sentence: Have you brought something to weight the flesh? A balance?
1. What is usually weighed with a balance? What goes into the scales left and right? 2. Why is a balance needed in the play? It is a symbol. 3. What’s the deeper meaning of the balance?
The scales right is law and rules ; The scales left is mercy and what is really fair and justice.
What makes a play a masterpiece? The ideas behind the play are about problems which are still important to people of different ages in modern times.
Mercy VS revenge
Shylock Create a chance to kill Antonio.
Has a chance to punish Shylock.
He used the chance.
He forgave him.
What would you do if you had your worst enemy in your power?
Correct me if I’m wrong, but… You shouldn't forget that… What shouldn't be forgotten is… One of the most important facts is… You could, for example, say… The way I would go about it… As far as I know… After all…
It happens everywhere around the world: two young people love each other, but when the boy is poor or doesn't have a good job, often the parents of the girl don’t allow them to get married.
Maybe you even know some examples in your hometown. Are the parents right? If not, what do you think about the situation like that? What should be done?
Who is the Real Mother?
Wh0 is the Real Mother?
Part of the Plot Background Problem Rising action Climax Contents Two women came to the king for help. Both had babies. One of the babies died. Either of the women said the baby alive was hers, so they came to the king for help. The king pretended to cut the baby into two pieces to let each of them have half. The woman stealing baby agreed, but the other didn’t The real mother had her baby again, while the other received punishment, though not killed
Work in groups of four or five students. Write a short play based on this story. Give names to the king , the two mothers and the children. There is also a character to play the role of the soldier. If you like, you can have a few other characters who are friends of the two mothers. Find a good title for your play.
King: Solomon Mother A: Mary Mother B: Lily The dead baby: Tony
The alive baby: Jimmy
1.Find the difficulties and what you don’t know in the play.
2.According to the structure of a play, analyse writing on page 71. 3. Rewrite the play about 100 words.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。