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2013届英语一轮复习名师教学课件:Unit4《Pygmalion》(新人教版选修8)


话题:文学 常用词汇: adapt 改编 学 文学 戏剧 场 novel 小说 story 故事 plot 情节 adaptation 改编本 bestseller 畅销书 ending 结局 classic literature 古典文 popular literature 大众 masterpiece 杰作 play act 幕 scene contemporary literature 现代文学

pun 双关语

episode 逸事

poetry 诗歌

pronounce 发音 classical 古 典 的 冒充??

pronunciation 发音

classic 经典著作 make one's pass off?as

be regarded as 被 认 为 ?? make a fortune 发财

acquaintance 与??结识

in artistic terms 从艺术的角度来说

范例: Review of Emma by Jane Austin This book tells the story of a rich, young lady two hundred years ago who enjoys planning the marriages of all her friends.However, it turns out that her plans are not successful.It is a very amusing book which anyone will enjoy.

The part I enjoyed best was when Emma goes home with a young man who she thinks is in love with her friend.Only then does she discover that the man wants to marry her because she is rich.He proposes marriage and she is very shocked and rude to him.

The humor lies in the fact that Emma thinks she understands everybody around her.In fact everyone else is more aware of the true state of affairs than her. I enjoyed this book because it showed me that people can make themselves believe that what they want to happen will happen.

一、单词识记 根据词意写英文单词或写出单词的汉语意思。 professor 1.教授 n.______________

hesitate 2.犹豫 v.______________ outcome 3.结果,效果 n.______________ mistaken 4.错误的 adj.______________
brilliant 5.光辉灿烂的,杰出的 adj.______________ remark 6.评论,谈论 n./v.______________

classify 7.分类,编排 v.______________ condemn 8.谴责 v.______________
fortune 9.机会,运气 n.______________ compromise 10.妥协,折中 v.______________ 字母表 11.alphabet n.______________

使人反感的 12.disgusting adj.______________ 裁判员 13.refereen.______________

破旧的,寒酸的 14.shabby adj.______________ 背叛 15.betray v.______________ 带来麻烦的 16.troublesome adj.______________ 不舒服的 17.uncomfortable adj.______________ 真实的,可信的 18.authentic adj.________________ 优秀的,上级的 19.superior adj.________________ 不同寻常的 20.extraordinary adj.______________

二、词汇拓展 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。 comfortably 1.The hotel is modern and______________(comfort) furnished.

uncomfortable 2.She always felt slightly________________(comfort) in a hat. troublesome 3.The economy has become a____________(trouble) issue for the
Conservative Party.

classified 4. The books in the library are______________(classify) according
to subject.

pronunciation 5.She doesn't like having her________________

(pronounce) corrected.
effective 6.After taking the drug, she found it really____________.

As is known to all, this kind of medicine has a good effect __________on such disease.(effect)

hesitation 7.He walked into the meeting hall without any________

(hesitate)
Fortunately 8.____________, Adams made a big fortune by doing fortunate business with a foreign company, which was really___________to

him.(fortune)

三、词组互译 将下列词组或短语译成英语或中文。

in need of 1.需要____________ in amazement 2.震惊地;惊讶地____________
show?in 3.带或领??进来____________ make notes 4.记笔记;做笔记____________
generally speaking 5.一般来说_______________ take?for 6.把??当作____________

in terms of 7.就??来说;从??角度____________ end in 8.以??结束;结果是??____________ fade out 9.(声音、画面)逐渐模糊;渐淡____________ in particular 10.尤其;特别____________

伪装;假扮 11.in disguise______________ 结识;与??相见 12.make one's acquaintance______________ 再一次 13.once more______________

高兴地 14.in delight______________ 冒充成?? 15.pass?off as ?______________ 从四面八方 16.in all directions______________ 作为回报 17.in return______________ 一把?? 18.a handful of______________ 处理?? 19.deal with sth.______________ 计算出,想出 20.work out______________

四、单元重点句子填空 根据句子结构或语法要求填空。
adaptation 1.This play by George Bernard Shaw is an_____________

(adapt) of a classic Greek story.
in 2.I thought maybe you were a policeman______disguise. themselves 3.But they betray________________every time they open

their mouths.

educated 4.Once___________(educate) to speak properly, that girl off could pass herself__________in three months as a duchess at an ambassador's garden party.

5.Perhaps I could even find her a place as a lady's maid or a which shop assistant,__________requires better English.
in 6 . Correct all these sentences______terms of grammar,

spelling, etc..

because 7.I rather fancied myself______________I can pronounce

twenty- distinct vowel sounds. four How 8.________did you feel about your first lesson?

What 9.________do you think would make Eliza happier? Why 10.________do you think Higgins felt like that?

五、课文内容理解 根据课文内容,请用适当的词或短语的正确形式填空。 sheltering Higgins, Pickering and Eliza were 1.__________from the rain.Eliza was a poor flower girl who was 2. ambitious __________to improve herself.But she could speak poor English.The 3. expert __________in phonetic, Higgins, noticed this and became interested in teaching her English.At first he 4. wrote down __________the words that the girl used.She was surprised at this.Later she knew classified that phonetics 5. __________from people's own speech.And that hobby was Higgins profession's 6. __________.

condemn Higgins said her terrible English will 7.________her to the properly gutter to the end of her days.Once educated to speak 8.________, pass the girl could 9.________herself off in three months as a duchess

at an ambassador's garden party.Higgins and Pickering had exchanged 10.____________ their own opinion and decided to teach her English from the alphabet.

六、单元语法复习 用所给动词的适当形式填空。 divorced 1. Recently__________(divorce) in my 30's, I had no job and was on my way downtown on a rainy day to go to the employment offices. frozen 2.Almost__________(freeze), the old man could not get off the ground.

3.But more importantly, it is Yao's friendliness that sets him Compared apart from the NBA's bad boys.__________(compare) to some players, Yao is a true gentleman.
Having read 4._____________(read) the story about a man who was

calmed down by his wife's antics, I became lost in thought. 5.Last week, heavy snowstorms hit some northern cities, bringing __________(bring) with them temperature drops of as much as 20℃.

dressed 6.She returned to the shop the following morning________
(dress) in a fur coat, with a handbag in one hand and a long umbrella in the other. Satisfied 7.__________(satisfy) with her reply, Telemachus first set out for the island of the Cyclops to seek news of Odysseus. asked 8 . When________(ask) by General Chen Geng whether Chinese could develop their own missiles, Qian said Chinese could do anything that foreigners could do.

Having been warned 9.____________________(warn) many times, they became
more careful in doing the job. 10. Left ____________(leave) alone, the kids will get into trouble.

1.hesitate vi.犹豫,踌躇,不愿 hesitation n. 踌躇;犹豫不决 hesitate to do sth.做某事犹豫不决 hesitate about (doing)sth.对某事犹豫不决

运用:用括号内所给词的适当形式填空 hesitating 1)He was still____________(hesitate)over whether to join the expedition. to ask 2)He did not hesitate________(ask) her to sit beside him. hesitation 3)Without any__________(hesitate), he jumped into the river to save the drowning child.

2.adaptation n.改编;适应 adapt vt. 使适应(合);修改, 改编 vi.(to) 适应 adaptation to 对??的适应 adapt oneself to 使适应;使适合

运用:根据句子的要求在横线上填入适当的词或翻译 adapt himself to 1)He tried hard to________________(使自己适应) the new conditions.
adaptation to 2)He made a quick_________________(适应了) the new

environment. 3)When they moved to Canada, the children adapted to the change ___________________(适应了变化).

3.mistaken adj.犯错的,错误的 mistake n.& v.错误,过失;弄错,误解,把??误认为 拓展: be mistaken about 误会?? by mistake 错误地 mistake for 被误认为是 mistake in 在??的错误 make a mistake 犯错误

运用: 在横线上填上适当的介词或完成句子 by 1)Someone must have left the door open______mistake.
in 2)We may have made a mistake__________our calculations. a single spelling mistake 3)Tom didn't make_______________________(犯一点拼写错

误) in his composition. mistook my meaning 4)You____________________entirely.(误解我的意思了)
mistaken for 5)He was____________________the minister.(被误认为是) full of mistakes 6)Ivan's work is always____________________.(有很多错误)

4. fortune n. [u]命运; 运气; 机会 adj.幸运的,幸福的 拓展: make a fortune 发财 seek one' s fortune 外出找出路 try one' s fortune 碰运气

[c]财产, 财富

fortunate

be fortunate to do sth./in doing sth.幸运做某事

运用:完成句子 made a fortune by selling houses 1)He______________________________( 靠 卖 房 子 发 了 财).
sought her fortune 2)She__________________( 寻 求 她 的 财 富 ) in another

country.
Unfortunately 3)__________________(不幸的是), the fire spread quickly

after it had started.

5.overlook vt.俯视;忽视;不理会 比较: overlook v. “忽略, 疏忽”, 指有意识地或无意识地忽略、 遗漏或不采取行动。 ignore v.“忽视,不理睬”,只指有意识地拒绝、故意不 予理会 (+sb./sth.)。 neglect v.“忽视,忽略,疏忽”,指无意识地忽视或忘 记 (+sb./sth.)或(+to do)。

运用: 用 ignore,neglect,overlook 填空 ignored 1)She saw him coming but she__________him. neglected 2)He__________to make repairs in his house.

overlooked 3)The mother___________her little boy's bad behavior.

1.make one's acquaintance 结识;与??相见 (=make the acquaintance of sb.) 拓展: have a nodding acquaintance with sb.与某人有点头之交 have no acquaintance with 不熟悉, 不了解 It's a pleasure to make your acquaintance. 认识你我很高兴。

翻译: 能认识您不胜荣幸。
It's a great pleasure to have the honor of making your acquaintance

2.pass sb.off as? 把某人改变或冒充成?? 运用:完成句子 1)他冒充警卫逃走了。 passing himself off as a guard He escaped by____________________________

拓展: pass sth.to sb.将某物递给某人 pass away 去世 pass down/on?把??传给后世 pass?on to 把??传递给?? pass by 走过;经过 pass through 通过;穿过

运用: 根据句子意思在横线上填入适当的介词或副词 on to 2)Pass the book________me when you've finished it. away 3)I was sorry to learn that his mother had passed______.

through 4)She passed___________a difficult period after her marriage failed. 5)They bought up pieces of old furniture and passed off as them____________valuable antiques.

3.in amazement 惊讶地 I stared at him in amazement.我吃惊地盯着他。 A.根据句子的要求在横线上填入适当的词。 To 1)__________my amazement, he changed so much.
amazing 2)I find it__________(amaze) that you can' t swim. 3)I heard that a burglar broke into my room last in night________amazement.I couldn't believe my ears.

B.in+名词,可以表示人或物所处的状态或状况。 reality advance 1)in________事先 2)in__________实际上
anger 3)in________气愤地 common 5)in________共有,共同 danger 7)in________处于危险中 detail 9)in________详细地 return 4)in________作为报答 sight 6)in__________被看见

general 8)in__________大体上
short 10)in__________简言之

debt 11)in________负债中 operation 13)in___________运转着

silence 12)in__________沉默地 turn 14)in__________轮流

place trouble 15)in______在适当的位置 16)in________处于困境 peace vain 17)in________和平地 18)in__________白白地

4.in terms of? 以??的观点;就??而说 拓展: in need of 需要 in charge of 负责 in search of 搜寻 in hope of 希望 in honor of 纪念,尊重 in favor of 有利于 in spite of 尽管 in case of 以防,万一 in place of 代替

运用:完成句子 in terms of an investment 1)Think of it_________________________.(从投资的角度) 2)It was a bad year for films, in terms of both quantity and quality __________________________________.(无论从数量上还 是质量上)
in great/urgent need of 3)This project is__________________________(迫切地需

要) funding.
in need of help 4)He is homeless and__________________.(需要帮助)

5.show?in 带或领??进来 拓展: show sb.out 领某人出去 show sb.around 领某人参观某地 show off 炫耀,卖弄,使显眼 show up 出现,来到某处,揭露,显得好看

运用: 用适当的介词或副词填空 around 1)1 will show you__________when you are in the city.
off 2)She likes to show________her nice figure by wearing tight dresses. up 3)Uncle George didn't show________for our wedding because he forgot it. into 4)He showed me________a sitting room. in 5)Will you show him______? The manager wants to talk

with him.

1.?people are more polite to those who they think are of higher social class. 句型:(be) of + (形容词) +抽象名词,在句中作表语、 宾补或定语。 常 用 名 词 : ability, help, use, importance, interest, significance, value, benefit。

运用:完成句子 1)他是个兴趣广泛的人。 a person of wide interests He is_______________________________ 2)我觉得这本英汉字典非常有用。
very useful/of great use I find the EnglishChinese dictionary__________________

3)Tom 是个很勇敢的孩子。 a child of great courage Tom is_________________________. 4)他买了件质量很差的运动服。
of poor quality He bought a suit of sports clothes_________________.

2.A man is hiding from the rain listening to people's language and watching their reactions. 句型:主句+V- and V- (作伴随状语)。 ing ing

运用:完成句子 1)所有的学生在晚会上又唱又跳,玩得很开心。 singing and dancing All the students enjoyed the party,______________ 2)我喜欢独自学习,可以集中精神于我做的事情及思考我 的想法。I prefer studying alone, concentrating on what I am doing and considering my own thoughts
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.Disappointed at the outcome, but thinking it is better than nothing, Eliza said,“ Thank you, sir.” 句型:V- 状语,+but+V- 状语,+主句。 ed ing

运用: 翻译下面句子 1)虽然训练很累,但相信总有一天自己会成为冠军,刘翔 告诉自己要坚持。 2)虽然被游戏吸引,但想到他的作业还没做,他立即关掉 电脑。

【答案】 1)Tired from the training, but believing one day he would be a championship, Liu Xiang told himself he must carry on. 2)Attracted by the computer games, but thinking that his homework was still undone, he turned off the computer at once.

There you are and you come from the west end of London, born in Lisson Grove if I'm not mistaken. 结构分析:and 连接两个并列句,形容词短语 born in Lisson Grove 作伴随状语,说明主语所处的状态, if 引导条 件状语从句。

一、语法填空。
with Look at this girl 1.________her terrible English : the English that/which 2.__________will condemn her to the gutter to the end of her educated 3.________days.But sir,(proudly)once 4.________(educate) to speak

herself properly 5.________(proper), the girl could pass 6.________off in three months as ambassador's 7.________a duchess at an 8.____________(ambassador) garden employment party.Perhaps I could even find her 9.______________(employ) as a which lady's maid or a shop assistant, 10.________requires better English.

二、基础写作:尽可能用本单元学过的词或短语翻译下列 句子,然后将这些句子连成一篇由 5 个句子组成的意义连贯的 短文。 1. 就是因为家里穷, 有一位叫 Eliza 的女孩在戏院外卖花。 (It was?that, called) 2.她梦想在花店里工作赚钱。( dream of)

3.在花店她可以认识很多人。( make the acquaintance of sb.) 4.如果她不会讲正确的英语,要接受那样的职位是不可能的。 ( It was impossible?that) 5.她需要提高她自己。(in need of) 6.被两位绅士教后,就语法和发音来说,Eliza 取得了很大的 进步。( being taught, in terms of, make great progress) 7.三个月后,当被带去晚会时,她冒充了淑女。(show?in, pass oneself off as)

【答案】 It was because the family was poor that a girl called Eliza sold flowers outside a theatre.She dreamed of working in a flower shop to earn money, where she could make the acquaintance of many people.It was impossible to be accepted in that profession if she did not speak correct English, so she was in need of improving herself.Being taught by the two gentlemen, she made great progress in terms of grammar and pronunciation.She passed herself off as a fair lady after three months when shown in the party.

写作 段落的写作(二) 中间段落句 1.相反,有一些人赞成??他们相信??而且,他们认 为?? On the contrary, there are some people in favor of?They believe?At the same time, they say?

2.但是,我认为这不是解决??的好方法,比如??最 糟糕的是?? But I don't think it is a very good way to solve?For example, ?Worst of all, ? 3.??对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是) 非常重要的。首先??而且??最重要的是?? ?is necessary and important to our country's development and construction.First, ?What's more?Most important of all?

4.有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以?? There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can? 5.面临??我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来?? 一方面??,另一方面?? Faced with?we should take a series of effective measures to?For one thing?For another?

6.早就应该拿出行动了。比如说??另外??所有这些 方法肯定会?? It is high time that something was done about it.For example?In addition?All these measures will certainly?

7.为什么??第一个原因是??第二个原因是??第三 个原因是??总的来说??的主要原因是由于?? Why?? The first reason is that?The second one is?And the third is?For all this, the main cause of?is due to?

8.然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样??也有 它的不利的一面,像?? However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides.?also has its own disadvantages, such as?

9.尽管如此,我相信??更有利。 Nonetheless, I believe that?is more advantageous. 10.完全同意??这种观点(陈述),主要理由是?? I fully agree with the statement that?because?

听说考试技巧(二) 英语朗读之句子重音 我们在朗读英语或用英语交谈时,并不是句子中的每个词 都读得一样响亮, 一样清楚, 而是有些词读得或说得又轻又快, 而且较为含糊, 有些词则读得或说得又重又慢, 而且较为清晰。 那些读得或说得响亮而清晰的词就是句子重音所在。

句子重音的功能: 1.体现句子的节奏感和韵律感; 2.突出重点,使听者更容易理解。 那么哪些词在句子中需重读呢? 1.一般来说,在句子中需重读的词都是实词,如:名词、 动词、形容词、副词、数词、代词等。不重读的多为虚词,如: 冠词、连词、介词、感叹词等。例如:

The streets are wide and clean.(这句话中的 streets 是名词, wide 和 clean 是形容词,它们都要重读;the, are, and 不重读) I am so glad to see you again.(这句话中的 so, glad, see, again 要重读,而 I, am, to, you 不重读)

2.有时候虚词也要重读,以下几点需注意: 1)强调或突出某个虚词或 be 动词时,应将其重读。例如: We saw him playing by the river.(这句话中的 we 和 him 一般 不重读,但为了表示强调也可以重读。如果 we 重读,则强调 是“我们”而不是别人看见)

2)介词在句首时往往要重读。例如: On my way to school, my bike was broken.(这句话中的 on 在句首应重读) 3)be 动词、 情态动词及助动词和 not 结合时要重读。 例如: I'm sorry I can't do that.(这句话中的 can't 要重读) Didn't I tell you yesterday? (这句话中的 didn't 要重读)

4)句子末尾的 be 动词和助动词一般要重读。例如: —Are you a student? —Yes, I am.(这里的 am 要重读) 注意:上文刚出现过的并且重读的单词,第二次提到时一 般不再重读,如: —How many boys are there in the room? —There are twenty boys in it.(问句中的 boys 要重读,但答 语中的 boys 不重读)


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