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2011广州高二英语水平测原题


2011 年广州市高二学业水平考试 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意,然后从 16~30 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 中,选出最佳选项,并 在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 St. Petersburg is a great city to visit all year round. But it is ___16___ beautiful in the summer when you can walk all night long, because, although the sun ___17___, it never gets dark. It’s a city that couldn’t be more ___18___ from Moscow. St. Petersburg was originally built as a ___19___ city, modeled on French and German cities, the opposite of Moscow which followed the ___20___ Russian design. Differences can be seen in the architecture, fashion and even___21___. In the 18th century, French was more ___22___ than Russian among rich people in St. Petersburg and many French words are still used by locals today. Just as was ___23___ by the city’s original designers, St. Petersburg is Russia’s window to Europe. Life in Moscow is ___24___ than life in the more relaxed St. Petersburg. In Petersburg you never need to ___25___. It’s much smaller than Moscow so people like walking everywhere, even during the ___26___ dark winter. People in St. Petersburg are more ___27___ than Moscow locals too. There is an old joke about this difference. One day, a young man ___28___ his seat to an old lady on a crowed Moscow train. The old lady said, ―You must be from St. Petersburg.‖ ―Yes. How did you know?‖ replied the man ___29___. The old lady said, ―Moscow locals never give their seats.‖ The young man then said with a ___30___. ―And you must be from Moscow, granny, because you didn’t say ?thanks? when I gave your my seat.‖ 16. A finally B naturally C especially D immediately 17. A sets B climbs C moves D appears 18. A distant B absent C separate D different 19. A typical B European C Asian D northern 20. A traditional B logical C hopeful D worthy 21. A music B art C language D history 22. A popular B famous C interesting D beautiful 23. A forgotten B supported C invented D planned 24. A happier B faster C slower D colder 25. A work B walk C think D hurry 26. A long B warm C colorful D exciting 27. A hardworking B devoted C brave D polite

28. A sent B offered C led D allowed 29. A in silence B in anger C in surprise D in hope 30. A cry B shout C smile D look 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用 1 括号中间词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填在答题卡标号为 31~40 的相应位 置上。 There was once a lever but mean (吝啬的) businessman. One day he lost a bag _31________ (contain) a hundred pieces of gold. He was very _32________ (happy) and so put up posters all over town, offering ten gold coins as a reward to anyone _33________ would return it to him. _34________ a few days, a farmer came to him with the bag. He had found _35________ lying in his farm. The businessman counted the 100 gold coins and thanked the farmer for returning _36________ bag to him. The farmer now wanted the reward _37________ (promise) by the businessman. But the businessman said that he had already taken the reward, because originally there were a hundred and ten coins in the bag. The farmer now understood _38________ mean the businessman was. He therefore _39________ (go) to the judge. The judge at once understood that the businessman was dishonest. He said that _40________ the found bag contained only one hundred coins, it wasn’t the businessman’s and it belonged to the farmer now. III 阅读理解(共一节,20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 项中选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Zheng Taijun, a 30-year-old artist from Guangdong Province, transforms simple falling leaves into works of art by cutting pictures of people and scenes into them. ―Falling leaves are often a sign of sadness or death, but I want to recreate them into something hopeful—the beginning of something new,‖ said Zheng. The idea of carving leaves came to Zheng when he was at a low point in life. In the autumn of 1999, he had travelled to a tourist spot to try and sell some of his paintings, when he was robbed of everything he had. With no money to return home, the heart-broken artist sheltered from the rain under a

tree.An old man approached him and asked what was wrong. On hearing Zheng?s reply that he felt life had no more meaning, the old man started to laugh. He picked up a leaf and said, ―It all depends on how you look at it.Take this yellow leaf for example. Some may see death, others may see beauty.‖ Zheng chose beauty and he spent the next few years perfecting his carving skills and travelling the country looking for ideas. In his technique — which Zheng successfully patented (申请专利) last year —leaves are kept slightly wet in water. He makes a simple outline on the leaf. Then comes the most difficult part——using tinny knives, Zheng gently cuts away enough of the ―flesh‖ of the leaf to leave behind an image. Each leaf may take up to seven days to make, and Zheng says he often breaks a few for every successfully completed work. But he also says that?s the real charm of it—to challenge himself. 41. In which section of a newspaper will you most probably read this article? A. Art B. News C. Technology D. Opinion 42. What do falling leaves represent according to Zheng? A. The end of life B. A news starting point C. Success after struggle D. Unhappy experiences 43. The underlined word ―it‖ in paragraph 4 refers to ______. A. The leaf B. life C. meaning D. death 44. In what order did the following events happen to Zheng Taijun? a. He went to a tourist spot to sell his paintings. b. He met and talked with an old man. c. he patented his cutting technique. d. he was robbed of all his money. e. he travelled the country looking for ideas. A. d, b, e, a, c B. a, c, d, b, e C. d, b, e, c, a D. a, d, b, e, c B Of all the contrasts in cultures between the West and China, surely what we eat has to be one of the biggest. It’s not so much that we eat different things, but more that we eat different parts of the same things. Take chicken for example. Chicken feet are much prized over in China, and once these are finished, the hungry Chinese will move on to the wings and then legs, and maybe then the breast meat. In the West, the order would be exactly the opposite,

except that we would never get as far as the feet, as people find the thought of it quite strange. The same can be said for pork. The Chinese consider the feet to be delicious, but in the West, things are very different. I live on a small Scottish island with my Chinese wife, and our local butcher used to throw out his pig feet, until one day my wife mentioned she would like them. She now gets a bag full every week, and smiles all the way home about the fact that she’s got what she considers the best part for free. Whenever we go to the supermarket my wife is amazed that the meat without bones and fat is the most expensive. I explain that this is because western people don’t see the purpose of paying for something they can’t eat. But for her, these parts are the most delicious and she loves them. And happily for my wife, such bony and fat meat is also the cheapest. That’s why dinner at our houses is a perfect match. There’s never any argument over who gets what, and nothing goes to waste. There are also western foods the Chinese consider terrible. Take blue cheese for example, which is very popular in many western countries, but which some people think smells like rotten eggs. When my wife first saw this in the UK, she felt sick at its smell, but finally I persuade her to try it and now she loves it. It’s these culture differences that make the world so full of fun. 45. What’s the purpose of this passage? A. To share the author’s marriage experiences with the readers. B. To prove that east-west marriage is the best. C. To argue that eating habits can never be changed. D. To discuss the cultural differences in eating habits. 46. According to the passage, in what order do westerners prefer to eat chicken? A. Breast—legs—wings B. Legs—wings—feet C. Breast—wings—legs D. Wings—legs—breast 47. According to the passage, the author’s wife ______. A. sometimes argues with the author about what to cook B. believes meat with fat should be the cheapest C. gets pig’s feet for a very low price D. is used to eating blue cheese now 48. The author thinks the events mentioned are very ______. A. interesting B. strange C. annoying D. boring

C Monk High School has been some amazing improvements in the past year. Students now miss fewer days and exam results have gone through the roof. But theses successes are not the outcome of better teaching or stricter rules. Instead the school simply started its first lesson at 10 am instead of 9 am. The change was designed to match the school day with students? body clocks. Teenagers are well-known night-owls, preferring to stay up late and sleep till lunch time. By matching the school timetable with students? biological rhythms, the school avoids teaching teenagers when their brains are still half asleep. In the modern world, our lives are largely controlled by time. Even without watches and calendars, our bodies still follow an inner clock called body rhythms. Over each 24-hour period we experience physical and mental changes that prepare our brain and bodies for the tasks we face at different times of the day. The main controller of these rhythms is a tiny part of the brain located just above the eyes. This master clock gathers information about light and sends it to the rest of the body using electrical signals. These signals control body functions like heart beat, body temperature and more. Not surprisingly our physical and mental condition varies according to the time of the day. For example, body temperature is lowest at around 4.30 am and rises to its highest level at about 7 pm. Energy levels also rise throughout the day. These changes can affect how we perform various tasks, including athletic performance. As your body temperature and energy levels rise during the afternoon, physical performance tends to improve. Meanwhile, the ability to carry out complicated mental tasks, like decision-making, gets worse the longer you have been awake. 49. What caused the improvements at Monk High School? A. Stricter rules. B. Better teaching C. later lesson time D. More teachers 50. The underlined word ―night-owls‖ in paragraph 2 refers to people who______. A. wake up at night B. go to bed late C. can’t sleep easily D. sleep at lunch time 51. According to the passage where is main controller of a person’s biological clock? A. The heart B. The eyes C. The body D. The brain

52. According to the last paragraph, when would be the best time for a student to do an English examination? A. Morning B. Noon C. Afternoon D. Evening D It is often said that if you don’t have dreams in life you can never achieve success. To a certain extent, this is true. If you don’t know where you want to go, you will never get there because there’s nowhere to get to. But the other side to these bright dreams is they can be blinding. If you’re blinded, you will end up in the same place: Nowhere. What you need is a balance between what is really achievable and the dreams that can give you direction but may also hold you as prisoners. Here are a few suggestions that may help you move along the path of success: Find out who you really are: Most dreams come to us at an early age. The trouble with these early dreams is that WE CHANGE. Without thinking about what you want regularly, you may be blindly following something you don’t even want anymore. If you’re feeling lost, or even if you’re not, stop and ask yourself: What makes me happy? Don’t make general goals: This is perhaps the easiest way one gets lost. Simply saying to yourself, ―I want to be president‖ or ―I want to be the next Steve Jobs‖ is too broad and has no plan attached. Have a clear set of goals mapped out in a weekly or monthly plan. And make sure all of those things you ―could do today‖ are in fact done. Don’t wait for something to happen to you: Simply having a strong dream will not make it come true. You create the world you live in so it’s up to you to take action. If you’re serious about something, know it inside and out. What are the problems? What are the opportunities? And learn from others. Hearing others? success stories will inspire you to action. You may feel that this is easier said than done, but once you understand yourselves and the road you want to take, you are already halfway to success. 53. What is the author’s opinion about dreams? A. They are the only way to achieve success. B. They usually cause people troubles.

C. They are always changing D. They shouldn’t be followed blindly 54. Which of the following does the author suggest? A. Don’t make detailed plans B. Wait for something to happen to you C. Find out who you are D. Never change your goals 55. What is the author’s intention in writing this article? A. To describe the experiences of the author B. To tell people to give up their dreams C. To help readers to achieve success D. To warm readers about their dreams 56. The underlined expression ―inside and out‖ in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ______. A. practically B. completely C. nearly D. finally E Xin Hua Cinema – Now showing Dolphin Tale — This movie is based on the amazing true story of a brave dolphin and a group of strangers who work together to save her life. She is recued and transported to the Animal Hospital, but her fight for survival has just begun. Suitable for people of all ages. Times: 10 am; 1pm; 5.30pm (Mon- Sun) Super 8— In the summer of 1979, a group of friends in a small town witness a terrible train crash and soon relies that it is not an accident. Shortly after that, strange events begin to take place in town. A local policeman tries to uncover the truth and discovers something more terrifying than any of them could have imagined. Times: 4pm; 8pm; 10.30pm (Mon-Fri) Midnight in Paris — This romantic comedy set in Paris is about a family that goes there because, and 5 two young people who are engaged to be married. While there, they have experiences that change their lives. It’s about a young man’s great love for the city of Paris and its history. Times: 9.30am; 3.30pm (Sat-Sun) Cave of Forgotten Dreams — A documentary that follows a group of explorers in to

an almost-unreachable cave in France. The cave is home to the most ancient paintings known to have been created by man. It’s an unforgettable experience that provides a unique view of artwork dating back to over 30,000 years ago. Times: 11.20am; 6.30pm (Sun) Abduction — An action movie about a young man who sets out to uncover the truth about his life after finding his baby photo on a missing person’s website. Suddenly he realizes that his parents are not his own and his life is a lie to hide something more mysterious and dangerous than he could have ever imagined. Times: 1pm; 5.30pm; 7.30pm; 10pm (Mon-Sun) 57. Which movie is most suitable for a child? A. Dolphin Tale B. Super 8 C. Midnight in Paris D. Abduction 58. How many of the movies are shown every day of the week? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four 59. Which of the following best describes Super 8? A. Amusing B. Creative C. Exciting D. romantic 60. What is the film Cave of Forgotten Dreams Mainly about? A. Life in the ancient times B. A journey into a popular cave C. The oldest artwork known to exist D. The bravery of a group of explorers. IV 写作 (共三节, 满分 45 分) 第一节 完成句子 (共 10 小题, 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 请根据句子的意思和汉语提示完成下列句子,每空只填一个单词 61. His parents have been _______________(关心,担忧)about his exam results. 62. We can’t just _______________(依赖)on our parents. We must learn to be independent. 63. If you wish to successfully _______________ (竞争) in the society you must work hard. 64. Water also appeared on other planets but, _______________ (不像) the earth, it disappeared later. 65. We’re _______________(快乐的,欣喜地)that you’re coming to work with us. 66. He evaluated all the evidence before drawing a _______________(结论). 67. In the _______________ (远处), he saw a strange man moving towards him. 68. Farmers _______________(集中精力于)on keeping their soil rich and free of disease.

69. We are hoping the price of the house can be _______________(减少)by 30%. 70. _______________ ( 实 际 上 ) all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. 第二节 句子翻译(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 请根据中文及括号 内的提示翻译句子。 71. 听取了老师的意见,我在英语学习上取得了快速进步。 (V+ing 作状语) _____________________________________________________________________ ______________ 72. 比起乘坐拥挤的公共汽车,他宁愿骑自行车。(prefer to do sth. rather than do sth) _____________________________________________________________________ ______________ 73. 除非你保持均衡饮食,否则将会增加体重。( a balanced diet; put on weight) _____________________________________________________________________ ______________ 74. 说实话,要在公 共场合演讲我还是太 紧张了。 ( to be honest; too…to) _____________________________________________________________________ ______________ 75. 好 朋 友 就 是 能 和 你 分 享 快 乐 和 忧 伤 的 人 。 (share…with) _____________________________________________________________________ ______________ 第三节 写作(共 1 小题,满分 20 分) 你校新建中英文名人廊,请你根据下表内容写一份教育家陶行知的英文简介。 出生于贫寒教师之家,自幼聪明好学,立志为 中国做贡献。 曾就读金陵大学, 以优异成绩毕业。毕业后留 学美国,学习哲学与教育。 用 30 年时间研究教育 理论及实践,创办了多 所学校,并写成了《中国教育改造》等多本教育著 作。 (请你补充) 家庭情况 教育背景 主要成就 陶行知 (1891——1946) 主要评 价 【写作要求】 1. 文章需包含要点的所有内容 2. 字数约为 120 词。 【参考词汇】 1.哲学 philosophy 2.《中国教育改造》 ―Educational Reform in Republican China【评分标准】 句子结构准确, 信息完整,篇章结构连贯。 _____________________________________________________________________

__________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________

参考答案 I 听力 1-5CABBA 6-10 CBCCA 11. Green 12. save money 13. 100 14. ride a bike 15.cleaner II 语言知识 16-25 CADBA 21--25CADBD 26-30ADBCC 31.containing 32. unhappy 33. who 34.After 35 it 36 the 37.promised 38. how 39. went 40.as/since/because III 阅读理解 41-45 ABBDD 46-50 ADACB 51-55DADCC 56-60 BABCC IV 写作 61. concerned 62. rely/depend 63. compete 64. unlike 65. delighted 66. conclusion 67. distance 68. focus/concentrate 69. reduced 70. Actually 71. By following the teacher’s advice I was able to quickly improve my English. 72. Rather than ride on a crowded bus, he always prefers to ride a bicycle. 73. Unless you keep a balanced diet, you will put on weight. 74. To be honest, I?m too nervous to give a speech in public. 75. A best friend is someone who can share happiness and sorrow with you. 第三节 写作 (略)


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