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18学年高中英语Module5ALessoninaLab单元加餐练(一_二)外研版必修1

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单元加餐练(一)
Ⅰ.完形填空

完形阅读组合练

Once there was a rich man, who had a big garden full of green trees with a lot of fruits. After the fruits were picked, he used to __1__some fruits with the poor. The man also got the __2__— rich harvest (收获) every season. This man had many sons who were not so __3__ as him. When their father died, they said to each other that their father was not a __4__man. He didn’t know how __5__it was to make money in order to live. They didn’t like the __6__. They felt as if all their __7__would be in vain (徒劳地) if the poor had some share. One of the sons had a(n) __8__: What should they tell the poor people when

they gather to __9__their fruits next time? One of them __10__ picking all of the fruits in the night and __11__ the garden before daybreak so that nobody could ask for his share. Everyone __12__. All the brothers went to sleep in the hope of getting up __13__in the morning and picking the fruits. At the same time, __14__, a fire broke out in the garden at night and burnt it while they were asleep. In the early morning, all of them __15__ and ran to the garden. They were __16__ to find that the garden had become __17__, and been in complete ruins. Let us be more __18__ with our wealth and help all those who are in __19__. We will not __20__anything by giving away some of our wealth; we will only gain much more. 语篇解读:一位有爱心的富人死后,他的儿子们决定再也不与穷人们分享果园中的水果了。 不料,他们的果园被一场大火烧了个精光。 1.A.eat C.share B.carry D.sell

解析:选 C 从第二段末尾处的“if the poor had some share”可知,每次水果被采 摘后,他都会与穷人们分享。 2.A.right C.power 解析:选 D B.advantage D.reward 从上句他帮助穷人和本空后的“rich harvest”可知,他也得到了回报

——每年果园里的水果都会获得大丰收。

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3.A.kind C.selfish 解析:选 A 那么善良。 4.A.wise C.poor

B.famous D.rich 从下文兄弟几个不想跟穷人们分享水果可知,兄弟几个不像他们的父亲

B.happy D.lucky

解析:选 A 从下句他们的看法可知,他们认为父亲不是一个明智的人。 5.A.common C.boring B.useful D.difficult

解析:选 D 兄弟几个人不想和穷人们分享水果,是因为他们认为谋生很难。 6.A.advice C.experience B.habit D.method

解析:选 B 从第一段中的“used to”可知,他们不喜欢这个习惯。 7.A.hope C.efforts B.pleasure D.promises

解析:选 C 从本空后的“had some share”可知,如果穷人们分走了他们的水果,那 么他们就会白费力气。 8.A.plan C.interest B.expectation D.concern

解析:选 D 从冒号后的内容可知,其中一个儿子还担心一件事:那些穷人再来分水果 时,他们应该怎么应付? 9.A.choose C.take 解析:选 C 参见上题解析。 10.A.kept C.suggested B.began D.wanted B.pack D.buy

解析:选 C 针对他们的担心,一个儿子给出了建议。 11.A.clearing C.digging B.burning D.planting

解析:选 A 他们打算在晚上把水果摘了,在天亮之前把果园清理干净。 12.A.listened C.came B.agreed D.stopped

解析:选 B 由下文他们的做法可知,大伙都同意了他的提议。 13.A.early B.quickly
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C.shortly

D.secretly

解析:选 A 他们打算夜晚去摘苹果,所以他们得早起。 14.A.instead C.indeed B.however D.again

解析:选 B 与上句构成转折,他们想去摘水果,然而,就在此时,果园里着火了。

15.A.warmed up C.gave up

B.turned up D.got up

解析:选 D 从本空前的“In the early morning”及本空后的“ran to the garden” 可知,他们起床了。 16.A.worried C.frightened B.tired D.shocked

解析:选 D 从本空后的“in complete ruins”可知,他们到了果园后都惊呆了。 17.A.black C.dirty B.small D.new

解析:选 A 从上文中的“burnt”和本空后的“in complete ruins”可知,他们发现 自己家的果园已经是焦黑一片。 18.A.honest C.generous B.careful D.satisfied

解析:选 C 从本空后的“help”可知,作者建议我们要对自己的财富慷慨一些。 19.A.trouble C.danger B.need D.fear

解析:选 B 从上文中的“poor people”可知,此处指的是帮助那些需要帮助的人。 20.A.leave C.forget B.lose D.waste

解析:选 B 与本空后的“giving away”和下句中的“gain”构成对比,我们奉献出 一些财富并不会让我们失去什么。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 If you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think. This is the research finding of a team of Japanese doctors, who say that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise and, as a result, we are growing old unnecessarily soon. Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why quite healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their
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ability to think and reason at a rather early age, and how the speed of getting old could be slowed down. With a team of researchers at Tokyo National University, he set about measuring brain volumes (脑量) of a thousand people of different ages with different jobs. Computer technology helped the researchers to get most exact measurements of the volume of the front and side parts of the brain, which have something to do with intellect and feelings, and decide the human character. As we all know, the back part of the brain, which controls the tasks like eating and breathing, does not contract (萎缩) with age. Contraction of front and side parts — as cells die off — was seen in some people in their thirties, but it was still not found in some sixty and seventy?year?olds. Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is a simple way to prevent the contraction — using the head. The findings show that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns. “Those with least possibility,” says Matsuzawa, “are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors. White collar workers doing the same work day after day in government offices are, however, as possible to have contracting brains as the farm workers, bus drivers and shop assistants.” 语篇解读: 文章介绍了一项研究的发现: 不经常用脑的人的大脑比经常用脑的人要萎缩得早。 所以要想保持大脑的年轻,就要多使用大脑。 1.The team of doctors wanted to find out ________. A.at what point people grow mentally old B.how to make people live longer C.the size of certain people’s brains D.which people are the most clever 解析:选 A 主旨大意题。由第二段可知,这项调查是想弄清楚为什么人会在精神上变 老,A 项符合题意。 2.Their research findings are based on ________. A.an examination of farmers in northern Japan B.tests given on a thousand old people C.examining the brain volumes of different people D.using computer technology 解析:选 C 细节理解题。由第三段第一句“With a team of ... with different

jobs.”可知,这项研究是建立在对 1 000 个人的脑量的检测的基础之上的。
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3.The researchers’ tests show that ________. A.our brains contract as we grow older B.one part of the brain does not contract C.sixty?year?olds have better brains than thirty?year?olds D.some people’s brains have contracted earlier than other people’s 解析:选 D 细节理解题。由第四段的句子“Contraction of front and side parts — as cells die off — was seen in some people in their thirties ...”可知,有的人 的大脑萎缩得比其他人早。 4.The most possible conclusion of the passage is that ________. A.most of us take more exercise B.it’s better to live in the town C.the brain contracts if it is not used D.the more one uses his brain, the sooner he becomes old 解析:选 C 推理判断题。由倒数第二段的句子“Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is a simple way to prevent the contraction — using the head.”可推知, 人的大脑不经常使用会萎缩。 加餐练(二) 第Ⅱ卷规范增分练 Ⅰ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about being late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, __1__ some of them looked very anxious and __2__ (disappoint). When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next __3__ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike __4__ (catch) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused __5__ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept __6__ (ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked, “ __7__ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh dear! It is __8__ (I).” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully. Everyone on the bus began talking about __9__ the

boy had done, and the crowd of strangers __10__ (sudden) became friendly to one another. 答案:1.and 2.disappointed 3.to 4.caught 5.to stop
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6.riding 7.Did 8.me/mine 9.what 10.suddenly Ⅱ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Today we had a chemistry test. I found the test difficulty, but I tried hardly to do it. Suddenly Mary, my best friend, asks me to let her to copy my answers. After think for some time, I let her copy my answers. But after the test, all of us were called to the teacher’s office. The teacher was angrily because we had same answers in the test. We were warned not to cheat again so she would need to see our parents. I was very upset. I didn’t cheat. I was just helping a friend. How did she punish me? 答案:第二句:difficulty→difficult; hardly→hard 第三句:asks→asked;去掉 copy 前的 to 第四句:think→thinking 第五句:all→both 第六句:angrily→angry; same 前加 the 第七句:so→or 第十一句:How→Why Ⅲ.书面表达 根据下面的提示,写一篇 100 词左右的有关“不打破鸡蛋除去蛋壳”的实验报告。 实验目的:不打破鸡蛋除去蛋壳。 实验仪器和材料:一只玻璃杯,一个小煮锅(saucepan),水,一个鸡蛋,约 250 毫升醋 (vinegar)。 实验步骤: 1.先把鸡蛋在煮锅中煮 15 分钟左右; 2.把鸡蛋放在玻璃杯中; 3.往玻璃杯中倒醋,醋要漫过鸡蛋; 4.把鸡蛋在醋中泡 24 小时。 实验结果:24 小时后蛋壳完全消失。 实验结论:醋中的酸性物质(acid)与蛋壳中的碳酸钙(CaCO3)反应生成二氧化碳(CO2), 蛋壳消失。
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________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 参考范文: The aim of this experiment is to remove the shell from an egg without breaking it. To carry out the experiment, you need the following substances: a glass, a small saucepan, water, an egg and about 250 mL vinegar. With all these things ready, you can begin the experiment. First, boil the egg for about fifteen minutes in the saucepan filled with water. Next, place the egg in the glass and cover it with vinegar. After that, leave the egg in the vinegar for 24 hours. The conclusion is that 24 hours later, you can see that the shell disappears completely. The shell is mostly made of CaCO3 and the vinegar includes acid. The egg shell dissolves because CaCO3 reacts with acid to form the gas, CO2.

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