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观点论证型作文模板


观点论证型作文 观点论证型作文通常是提出一种观点或现象, 要求考生对这一观点或现象进行 解释或论证,体裁多为议论文。这种题型常见的结构模式是: 第一段:提出某种观点或现象。 第二段:论证该观点或现象的正确性或危害性。 第三段:结论,再次强调主题,或表明自己的态度、做法。 常用模板(一) It is true that___________.(普遍的观点) However,__________.(不同的观点/现 象) I think_______________.( “我”的观点)The reasons can be listed as follows. Firstly, __________.( 论 据 一 ) Secondly, ____________.( 论 据 二 ) For example,_______________.(支持论据二的事例) Thirdly, ______________.(论据三) A case in point is _______________.(支持论据三的事例) It goes without saying/There is no doubt that _______________.(重申观点) Therefore, ___________. (与该观点相符合的做法)In a word,___________.(总结全 文) 举例: Directions: For this part, you allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Wealth and Happiness. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 每个人都想获得财富,财富似乎就是幸福 2. 其实世界上有许多东西是财富换不来的。 Wealth and Happiness It is true that wealth has always been what people long for. However, wealth doesn’t necessarily mean happiness in today’s world. I think this is reasonable. The reasons can be listed as follows. Firstly, good health, which can not be bought with money, also plays an important role in a happy life. Secondly, wealth may encourage those weak—willed people to be addicted to some harmful habits and bring about their own ruin. For example, some people spend money on drugs and gambling which in turn make them having nothing. Thirdly, there are something that are indispensable but priceless. A case in point is love. There is no doubt that wealth is not equal to happiness. Therefore, we should not attach to much importance to wealth. In a word, we should earn money with honest work, but not be crazy about money. 常用模板(二) Many people believe that _____________.(社会现象/事实现象) The true is deep and profound. As we know,______________.(具体阐述观点的正确性的表现一) In addition, _______________.(具体阐述观点的正确性的表现二) There are numerous examples supporting this argument. A case in point is
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___________.(阐述第一个例子) This is close to suggest _______________.(总结例 一,通过举例得出观点正确) For another example, _______.(引出并说明第二个例 子) Moreover, _______________.(列举支持论点的具体事例三) All mentioned above tell us that _____________.(总结上文,重申论点) But (one thing we have to notice is that______________.( 提 出 个 人 建 议 ) In short,_________.(总结全文,再次强调观点的重要性或正确性) 举例: Directions: For this part, you allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 怎样理解“有志者事竟成” 2. 试举例说明 Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way Many people believe the proverb “Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way”. The true is deep and profound. As we know, as long as a person possesses a strong will he will certainly accomplish a task no matter how difficult it is. In addition, if he persists, he will eventually succeed. There are numerous examples supporting this argument. A case in point is that Karl Marx, who spent five years on his greatest work Das Kapital, won the respect from the people all over the world. This is close to suggest that strong will is vital factor to one’s final success. For another example, Cao Xueqin met lots of hardship in his pursuit for literature, but finally completed the world famous book Dreams of Red Chamber. Moreover, among us college students, those who persist studying hard and make it eventually are also good examples. All mentioned above tell us that if we wish to succeed, we first have a resolution and remember the saying “Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way”. But one thing we have to notice is that a strong will must be accompanied by a right direction, which shouldn’t be blind. In short, whatever you do, please remember: Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way. 常用模板(三) It is well known that ___________.(开门见山,直接提出论点)The truth is self—evident. No one can deny that ______________.(进一步以我们所知道的道理 阐述观点) Therefore, _____________________.(总结第一段,强调要论证的观点) Many remarkable factors / reasons contribute to this argument. First of all, ___________.(列举论证理由一) For example, _____________.(举例说明理由一) What’s more, ________________. ( 列 举 论 证 理 由 二 )Besides, ______________________.(列举论证理由三) All mentioned above tell us that _____________.(承接上 文,重申 观点 ) Therefore, there is no denying that ________________.(得出结论或应该采取的做 法) In short, _________________.(总结全文,再次强调观点的正确性或重要性)

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举例: Directions: For this part, you allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Improving the Chinese People’s English Level. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 提高全民族英语素质的必要性 2. 分析其原因 3. 你的看法 Improving the Chinese People’s English Level It is well known that the importance of grasping English is overemphasized in China. The truth of it is self—evident. No one can deny that English is quite important to us college students. Therefore, improving Chinese people’s overall English level is quite necessary and urgent. Many remarkable reasons contribute to this argument. First of all, with the good command of English, we can better communicate with people from different countries and learn from them to improve ourselves. For example, since more foreigners come to China, and more Chinese go abroad, it is becoming urgent for us to study English well, or we will have difficulties in understanding each other. What’s more, with good knowledge of English, we can take in more advanced technology and management experience, which is very important for our modernization construction. Besides, our nation needs a large number of experts who have a good command of foreign languages. All mentioned above tell us that English is of much importance in every respect of china’s development. Therefore, there is no doubt that every one of us should do our best to improve our English quality and get prepared for the coming challenges and opportunities. In short, improving the Chinese people’s English level is a necessity for China’s development in the future. 常用句型: ● 引出格言的常用举例 1) One of the early writers/famous scientists/ancient philosophers said that … 2) Here is an old saying,…. It is the experience of our forefathers. However, it is correct in many cases even today. 3) Many years ago, a writer/scientist/philosopher remarked(/pointed out/commented) : “…” His words reveals / reflects a truth that…. ● 举例说明的常用句型: 1) Take … for example,… 2) A good case in point is … 3) Perhaps the most important/telling/dramatic/striking example of … is… 4) I can think of no better illustration of the idea/view than the fact/example/case of ... ●事实证明的常用句型: 1) No one can deny/doubt/ignore the fact that … 2) We must face/accept/admit/point out the fact that… 3) It brings out/sets fort/reveals/demonstrates a(n) important(unquestionable) fact
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that … 4) There is strong/sufficient/considerable evidence that/to show that/as to/against/in favor of … 5) Personal experience / case in history suggest that…. ●深入阐述的过渡常用句型: 1)But that’s only part of the story/explanation. Perhaps the most significant / remarkable / surprising about … is …. 2) Another equally important / essential role (aspect/function/consideration) is…. 3)… is but one of many effects/aspects. Another is … 4) Besides, / In addition to this, / Apart from this, another way/aspect is … ●结论性结尾的常用句型: 1) From what has been discussed above, / Taking into account all these factors, / Judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely/reasonably arrive at( come to / reach / draw) the conclusion that … 2) The evidence upon all sides / analysis we have made / reasons we have advanced confirms( points to / leads to) an unshakable conclusion that …. 3) In summary/conclusion/a word/short, it is more important/valuable …

Assignments:
一.观点论证型作文训练: Directions: For this part, you allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Making a Public Speech. You should write at least 120 words(CET-4) or 150 words(CET-6) and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 演讲能力对大学生来说很重要 2. 试论证该观点 二.应用文作文训练: 1.四级同学完成 Test 6 的写作 2.六级同学完成 Test 7 的写作

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