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高一英语上学期教案18单元


Unit 18.New Zealand
永定路中学高一备课组 2005.3.29 日

I.

单元教学目标: 技能目标:

Talk about New Zealand and China. Talk about location and direction. Learn to use “it” as subject. Describe a country of a region.

II.

目标语言: Space ( Location & direction)
It is to the east/west/south/north of… (不包含) It is in the east /west/south/north of…(包含) It is on the east /west/south/north of…(接壤) It is in the eastern /western/ southern/ northern part of… It is in/to the northeastern /northwestern/ southeastern/ southwestern Sichuan. The East China Sea lies to the east of Zhejiang Province.(P36) Hainan Island lies to the south of Guangdong Province.(P36) He is from Wehai, a city in northeastern Shandong. (P37) Weihai lies about 90 kilometres east of Yantai. (P37) Wellington, the capital city, lies on the North Island. (P38) It is some 3,500 kilometers from Polynesia to New Zealand, which they traveled in narrow boats. New Zealand is an important agricultural country, with cattle farming on the North Island, while the hilly South Island has more sheep farms. (p42) Living in a country with plenty of space and a good climate, New Zealanders love all kinds of sports and outdoor activities. New Zealand, with its natural beauty, mountains, rivers and national parks, also attracts tourists from all over the world.(p42)

功 能 句 式

1. 词汇: 重 点 词 汇
settle, sign, mainly, possession, mountainous, relation, agricultural, cattle, export, ship, cottage, camp, subtropical, ethnic, central, surround, mild, bay, harbour, landscape, spring, heat, surface, voyage, bold, refer

2. 词组:
lie in/to/on/off, in relation to, take possession of, sign an agreement, make up, go sailing, go camping, be marked with, refer to, be shipped to, off the coast, be famous for, turn to doing, be of high quality,

known to, honour sb. for sth. 3. Noun +y→adj. (e.g. grassy, sandy, hilly) Noun +ed→adj. (e.g. wooded)

The use of ―it‖ as subject
“It” can be used in the subject position to stand for the infinitive or a 语 clause. 1. It is interesting to visit New Zealand. 2. It is a good thing that New Zealand helps the Maori to keep their own language and culture.

法 Impersonal ―it‖ refers to

3. It rains a lot in New Zealand. 4. It is some 3,500 kilometres from Polynesia to New Zealand. 5. It was getting dark. 6. It is April 1st. today.

III. 教学难点: *掌握英语中方位的表达方式。
*了解新西兰的相关知识。 *依照框架恰当写作描述国家或地区的介绍性文章。

IV.

课时分配:
Period 1:Warming up & listening Period 2 :Speaking Period 3:Reading (1) New Zealand Period 4: Language study & grammar Period 5:Reading (2) Life in New Zealand Period 6: Reading(3) &writing

IV. 分课时教案: Period 1.
Teaching goals 教学目标

Warming up & listening

1. To encourage students to memorize and talk about the geographic information about China. 2. To learn to describe a location and direction. Teaching Methods: 教学方法: 1. Pair /Group work 2. Discussion. Teaching important points: 教学重点 Let the students learn how to get geography information. Teaching difficult points:教学难点 How to describe the different positions of different places.

Teaching procedures:教学过程 Step 1: Warming up Pre-task activities
Task 1 . Get the students to talk about China .

What do you know about China? (Individual and group work) Get students to work alone at first and then fill in the form: *China is a country which/that/whose/where… (using attributive clause)
Background to China Full country name:___________________________________________ Location:___________ ______________________________________ Area: ___________________________________________________ A: the largest country B: the 2nd largest country C: the 3rd largest country Population:_________________________________________ Capital city: _______________________________________ Languages: _________________________________________ Religions: ____________________________________________ Minorities: ____________________________________________

Major products/industries: _________________________ Task 2. Describe the places and waters in relation to China. Students are divided into two groups. They each choose one of two topics. Get the students to talk about location and direction by using A lies to/ in/ on/ off... Topic 1: countries and islands in relation to China Topic 2: seas and oceans in relation to China Look at the map and list the names of countries and islands and waters neighboring China in these four directions. North South East West Other Islands Seas Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan India, Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, Nepal North Korea, South Korea, the Philippines Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Japan Taiwan Island, Hainan Island, Nanshan Islands. Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea,. The Pacific Ocean is off the eastern shore of Taiwan Island.

Sample answers. Mongolia lies to the north of Inner Mongolia. Russia lies to the north of China. India lies to the south of Tibet. Vietnam lies to the south of China. Myanmar lies to the west of China. North Korea lies to the east of China. South Korea lies to the east of China across the Yellow Sea. The Philippines lie/lies to the southeast of Guangdong Province in China. Afghanistan lies to the west of China. Pakistan lies to the west of China. Thailand lies to the south of Yunnan Province in China. Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia lie to the south of China. Japan lies to the east of China.

The Bohai Sea lies to the north of Shandong Province. The Yellow Sea lies to the east of Shandong and Jiangsu Province. The East China Sea lies to the east of Zhejiang Province. The South China Sea lies to the south of Hainan, Guangxi and Guangdong Provinces. The Pacific Ocean lies to the east of Taiwan. The Pacific Ocean is off the eastern coast of Taiwan Island. Taiwan (Island) lies to the east of Fujian Province. Taiwan Island lies off the coast of Fujian Province/the mainland of China. Hainan Island lies to the south of Guangdong Province. Hainan Island lies off the coast of Guangdong Province/South China.

(1) lie to To on in

(2) lie in (3) lie on 在某处范围之外, 不强调是否接壤, 但强调方向 强调互相接壤 在某处范围之内

Step 2: Listening I (student’s book) We have talked about the positions of countries neighboring China. Now I’ll introduce a beautiful island--Dolphin Island to you. Of course it’s important for us to get the information including geography of a country or a place. 1. First listening for information Get the students to listen to the tape and get information needed in the form below. Location 1,500km off the coast of Japan, in the middle of Pacific Ocean Length less than 100km Width nowhere more than 80km Made up of seven small islands Capital Winfield Cities Ashton Creek, Winfield, Turnpike, Epsom. 2. Second listening and marking on the map. Listen to the tape a second time, write down and mark other 3 cities, beach, rock etc. on the map. Check in groups. 3. Third listening and answer the Qs in the text (P37) and talk about the island. (group work) 4. Extension: Ask students to describe the islands in sentences. (Group work) Sample answers: Winfield lies on the southwestern coast. Epsom lies opposite the islands that lie off the eastern coast, about half way along the eastern coast of Dolphin Island. The town of Ashton Creek lies to the north, where the river flows into the sea.

A range of mountains runs along the western coast. Several small islands of different sizes lie off the eastern coast. The southern part of the island is covered by forests. There is a railway line between the mountains and the forest, from Winfield on the southwestern coast to Turnpike in the middle of the island. There is a railway line that runs in an almost horizontal line from Turnpike in the center of the islands to Epsom on the eastern coast. There is a railway line that runs from Turnpike direct to Ashton Creek in the north. There is a railway line that runs from Epsom direct to Ashton Creek in the north. (Answers to Part 2. 1.D 2.C. 3.A 4.C) Step 3. Listening II (Workbook exercise) 1. Pre-listening: T: Are you familiar with New Zealand? Do you know New Zealand? Have you been to New Zealand? Now the following is about a Chinese student named Lily, who studies at Auckland University, a famous university in New Zealand. 2. While-Listening: 1) . Listen to the interview with Lily talking about her experiences and her life in New Zealand. After listening, you will have to decide which of the four sentences is true. One minute to look through the sentences. (P101.) 1. Auckland is cheaper than London. 2. Lily’s parents wanted her to go to New York. 3. To be less lonely, Lily was told to make friends with other Chinese students. 4. Life in New Zealand is very boring. 2) Play the tape again and check the answers. (keys: 1-4. TFFF) 3) Listen again and answer the questions.(Ex.2) Q1. What made Lily decide to go to New Zealand? Lily decided to go to New Zealand because it is an English-speaking country, and life is safer, easier, and cheaper than in England and America. Q2. Do you think Lily felt happy in the first few months in Auckland? No. During the first three months Lily felt quite lonely. Q3.For what reason was she advised not only to make Chinese friends but also international friends? Lily was advised to make friends with international students and kiwis, so she would have more fun and could practice her English more. Q4. What does Lily mean when she talks about ―Kiwis‖? When she talks about “kiwis”, Lily means the people from New Zealand. Q5. What were Lily’s ideas and feelings about Auckland in the beginning? Fill in the chart. Feeling good about Feeling bad about Auckland is very beautiful. Auckland is quite a small city. New Zealand is safe. Life in New Zealand seemed boring. Life in Auckland is easy. Life in Auckland is cheap. 4) Listen for the 4th time. T: Lily says that New Zealanders have a different way of enjoying themselves in their free time. Listen and make a list of different activities by filling in the chart. (Ex.3) Fun close to nature Fun in the big city

Hiking in the mountains. Go to the cinema Sailing Go to a bar Swimming in the ocean Go to a dancing(discotheque) Building a fire on the beach Go to a shopping center Step 4.Preparation for the words. So much for the listening. Now let’s read the new words and expressions. Pay attention to your pronunciation and the meaning of the words. Step 5. Homework: 1. Do Ex.1 on P102. 2. Learn the new word and expressions by heart. 3. Look at the map of China and say at least ten sentences according to the examples on P36. 4.Translation: 1). 日本位于中国的东部. ( Japan lies/is to the east of China.) 2) 广州位于中国南部. (Guangzhou lies/is in the south of China.) 3).广州在上海的南面. (Guangzhou lies /is to the south of Shanghai). 4.) 美国的北部与加拿大相连.(Canada lies/is on the north of USA.) 板书设计:

Period 2. Speaking
Teaching goals 教学目标
1. To enable students to learn and master the expression of describing the location and direction of a place. 2. To Arouse Ss to talk about the location and direction. Teaching important points: 教学重点 Let the students learn how to describe the location and direction. Teaching difficult points:教学难点 How to describe the birthplaces, different positions of different places. Teaching Methods: 教学方法: 1. Pair /Group work 2. Discussion. Teaching Aids: 教具准备:

Teaching procedures:教学过程 Step 1. Revision T: Good morning/afternoon, boys and girls. Let’s check the assignment. First let’s have a dictation. Fisherman, great-grandfather, northeastern, central, coast, mild, bay, harbour, volcano, spring, heat, surface Step 2. Pre-speaking 1.(Revision)Yesterday we learned the names of countries, islands and seas beyond China; and talked about the directions of different places and seas related to China. Now let’s have a competition about it. Task 1. Competition in asking and answering T. shows the outline map of China to the class. Ss are asked to ask and answer Qs, using useful expressions of directions and locations. The more, the better.

Example: (1) Sa: Where is Thailand? Sb: It lies on the southeast of China. (2) Sa: What’s the position of Sea of Japan? Sb: It lies to the southeast of Heilongjiang. (3) Sa: Where is Qinhai located? Sb: It’s in the western part of our motherland.
Group work:

Divide the class into groups.Do asking and answering. Sa:Which province is to the north of Sichuan?
Sb: Yunnan. Class work: 1. On the bases of the group work, Ss have a competition. 2. Ss summarize and then write these useful expressions on the blackboard. Unit18. Speaking Lie/ be in; lie/be to/ lie /be on; lie off In the north/south/east/west of… to the north/west of… In the northern/southern/eastern/western part of… Central/ southeastern/northwestern Zhejiang

Step 3. Speaking
Vocabulary: Go through the useful expressions on Page 37. Get the Ss to pay attention to the word formation and write the following on the blackboard. (1) south +east= southeast (compound word) (2) –earn (eastern, western , southern, northern) 2. Task: Have an interview—Talk about the birthplace of their grandparents, parents and themselves. Group work: Four students work in one group, interview each other “Where was your mother/father born? Can you describe the place where your mother/father was born?” Name birthplace location description

Useful expressions. *a city in northeastern Shandong *lie about…kilometers east of… *lie off the west coast of… *…kilometers east of… Step 4. Consolidation Practice: Teacher: Let’s review the position of Britain. According the map of Britain, introduce the position of England. 1.the Atlantic Ocean 2. Scotland 3.Northern Ireland 4.the Irish Republic. 5.the North Sea 6.Wales 7. England 8.London 9.the English Channel 10. France 提示: 可按照整体到部分的空间顺序, 首先指出英国的大概地理位置, 位于欧洲西北部,

西部是大西洋,东部是北海,西南的英吉利海峡将之与欧洲大陆上的法国隔开。 然后指出在自然地理上英国由大不列颠岛上的三部分及爱尔兰岛的东北部组成, 从行政上讲英国由四部分组成;最后指出英国最重要的一部分是英格兰,它是首 都伦敦的所在地。 Step 5.Exercise---Fill in the blanks. Example: Great Britain is an island that lies off the northwest coast of Europe. The nearest country is France, which is 20 miles away and from which Great Britain separated by the English Channel. The island is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the North Sea to the east. It is made up of the mainland of England. Wales and Scotland, that is, three countries. Scotland is in the north, while the Wales is in the west. Ireland, which is also an island, lies off the west coast of Great Britain. It consists of Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic. The United Kingdom is composed of four countries. The largest of these is England, which is divided into 43 administrative countries. The capital city is London, which is situated in the southeast of England. London is the political, cultural and economic center of the United Kingdom. 此练习也可以设计成据图答问,连句成文。 Step 6. Summary Help the students to sum up what they have learned in this lesson: Talking about the position of a place and how to introduce a place, the phrases “lie in, lie to, lie on” and the other useful expressions, such as North China, South China. Step 7.Homework : 1. Talk about the location and direction of your home town. 2. Do Ex. (p102) Talking Key: British official: The British would rule the country and all people would have the same rights .Therefore, the Laimei’s family have the right to stay on the land. Maori leader: I want to use it.I never meant to give the land away. This piece of land is very important to us. British farmer: It now belongs to our family, to stay here.Our family has lived here for three generations. If the Maori family wants to honour their ancestors on my land, they are welcome to do so. 3. Ask the students to preview the Reading Part. 板书设计:

Period 3. Reading (1) New Zealand
Teaching goals:教学目标: 1. Read the text, and have a wide knowledge of New Zealand including geography, climate, and landscapes. 2. Encourage Ss to get to know more about New Zealand by discussion and communication on the base of comprehension of the text. Teaching Important points 教学重点: Location description

Teaching difficult points 教学难点: How to compare the climate in China with that in New Zealand. Teaching Methods 教学方法: 1. Questions and answers for introducing 2. Fast reading and careful reading 3. Pair work /Group work Teaching aids. A computer, a tape recorder Teaching procedures:教学过程 Step 1: Revision 1. T: Good morning/afternoon. Let’s check the answers to the exercise Talking on P.102. 2. Talk about location and direction of your home town. Step 2. Pre-Reading Lead in 1: As we know, there are several island countries in the world, which attract more and more tourists every year. What do you know about them? 1. Can you describe where they are? 2. What are the names of their capital cities? 3. How can you get there? Task 1. Discussion and report 1. Ss are encouraged to talk about what they have known about the island countries. They may say: Australia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Great Britain, etc. Then tell the exact location of each. 2. Keys to 1.

Name of the island
Taiwan Hainan The Philippines Hawaii New Zealand Great Britain

Location
Taiwan island lies off the east of the mainland of China Hainan Island lies off the southern coast of the mainland of China, in the South China Sea. The Philippines lie(s) in the South China Sea, southeast of Hongkong. Hawaii lies in the middle of the Pacific Ocean New Zealand lies off the east coast of the mainland of Australia. Great Britain lies off the northwest coast of Europe. The nearest countries are France and Ireland, which is also an island.

Keys to 2 T: What are the names of their capital cities? S1: The capital of Taiwan is Taipei, which lies in the north of the island. S2. The capital of Hainan is Haikou, which lies/locates in the northern part of the island. S3: The capital of the Philippines is Manila, which lies in the south on the second largest, northern island. S4: The capital of Hawaii is Honolulu., which lies in the northwest of the island. S5: The capital of New Zealand is TWellington, which lies on the southwest of the North Island. S6; London, the capital city of Great Britain, lies in the southeast. 3. How can you get to these islands from your home town?

Ss. We can get to Taiwan by ship through Taiwan Strait. We can get to Hainan by ship through Qiongzhou Strait. We can take a ship or a plane to get to the Philippines, Hawaii, New Zealand, Great Britain, but it takes more time to go by ship than by plane. Ask some students to report on different questions given above. After their reports, see which team is the winner. Task 2: “Today we are going to learn something about one of the island countries---New Zealand, which most of you are not familiar with. Supposing you have a chance to pay a visit to this country, what aspects of the country do you want to know?” Brainstorming: Location Capital city Population Climate Landscape History Culture Industry Agriculture settlers… (Show the map of New Zealand.) Q1: What’s the geographical feature of New Zealand? Q2: What’s the climate there? What about the seasons? Q3: Who were the most ancient settlers living in New Zealand? Qs: What natural landscapes can we visit? These are what we are going to find out in today’s reading. Step 3: While-Reading 1. Skim the first paragraph. There are eight names of place: North Island, South Island, the Pacific, Wellington, Auckland, Christchurch, Queenstown, the Tasman Sea. Put them correctly on the map of New Zealand. (Draw a map on the blackboard) 2. Fast reading Ask the Students the following questions and make sure the students understand them before they go to the passage. Read the passage to find the answers to the questions. A. Where is New Zealand? East of Australia B. How many islands is NZ made up of? Two large ones. C. What is the capital? Wellington. D. What is NZ’s national bird? Kiwi. E. Who is the earliest people to come to NZ? The Maori. F. Which day is NZ’s national holiday? Every year on the sixth of February. G. Name one sailor who landed on NZ several centuries ago. Captain Cook. 3. Reading-Scanning There are four paragraphs in the passage. Scan the passage to pick out the sentences (esp. the first or last sentence) or key woods which help you get the main idea of each paragraph. Then think about the organization of the passage to see how the main idea is supported by making an outline on a sheet of paper. Group work: Exchange your understanding of the passage with group members and work together to fill in the form below. Par. Main Idea Detailed Information 1 Geographical features 1. What’s the location? and cities 2. What’re the waters in relation to New Zealand? 3. Marking the main cities, capital, two parts-north and south islands, seas, oceans on the map. 2 Climate 1. 2. What’s the main type of climate? What are the seasons like?

What can we see near the coastline? Where can we see volcanoes and hot springs? What’s New Zealand’s national bird? 4 What was NZ called 100 years ago? What did they bring in to NZ when they settled? Who has ever related to NZ besides Chinese Captain Zhou? 4. When is considered as a national holiday? Class Work: Get some of the groups to report their work. (Deal with key or difficult language focus at the same time.) Step 4. Post-reading 1. T: Now look through the text and pay more attention to the words in bold. What do the words refer to? Ss: check the answers. Answers: 1. It refers to New Zealand. 2. Which refers to hot springs. 3. This heat refers to the heat near the earth’s surface. 4. These settlers refers to European /British settlers. 5. It refers to England. 2. Let’s describe the location of the following lands, seas, and cities in relation to New Zealand according to the example. S1. New Zealand lies in the Pacific Ocean. S2. The Tasman Sea lies to the west of New Zealand. S3. Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, lies in southeast of the North Island. S4. Auckland lies on the northeastern coast of New Zealand. S5. Christchurch lies to the east, on the South Island of New Zealand. Exercise 4---Page 39. T: Answer the questions according to the graph. 1. What is the highest temperature?(25°C) 2. Where are the rainfall measurements, on the left or the right of the charts? 3. Are the rainfall measurements in millimeters (mm) or centimeters(cm)? 4. Find the rainfall for Christchurch in winter. How much is it?(5mm) 5. Find the highest temperature for Wellington in summer.How much is it? (19.5°C) 6. Find the lowest temperature for Queenstown in winter. How much is it?(1°C) Key to EX.4: 1-6 (1.B 2.B 3.D. 4.D.) 5. New Zealand has mild summers with lighter rain and cold winters with heavier rain. Nights in both seasons are cooler than days but not so much cooler. The graphs don’t give any information about the climate and weather in autumn and spring. The graphs also don’t give any information about the number of hours that the sun shines. 6. The climate on the North Island in New Zealand is like the warm climate in Southern China although the rain fall is less. The climate of the South Island can still be called mild, and is like the climate in southwestern China although it does not get as much rainfall. Perhaps on the whole, China is a bit warmer in summer and a bit colder in winter. Step 5. Consolidation Put the map of New Zealand on the blackboard. Play the tape for the students to follow.

3

What landscapes can we 1. see in NZ? 2. 3. The earliest settlers- 1. Maori (the history) 2. 3.

Step 6. Summary----Language points: Help Ss to make a list of useful words and expressions and patterns in the passage. Off the coast, be made up of, the same… as…, be famous for, more than, take possession of. Step 7. Homework: 1. Make sentences with the word and phrases. 2. Retell the text and do Ex. 2 on page 103 板书设计;

Period 4: Language study & grammar
1. Teaching goals:教学目标: a. jungle, forest, mountain, grassland, grassy, sandy, flat, rocky. b. It is… to…; It is …that c. Enable students to know the function of “it” and improve the Ss’ ability of using “it” correctly. 2. Teaching Important points 教学重点: Learn and master how to use “it”. 3. Teaching difficult points 教学难点: How to rewrite sentences with “it is… to…”.”it is …that…” 4. Teaching Methods 教学方法 1. Listening and dictation 2. Pair work / group work 3. Inductive method 4. Sentence making practice 5. Teaching Procedures: 教学过程 Step I . Revision 1. Answer teacher’s questions. 1. Where are the Auckland, Christchurch, and Queenstown? Auckland lies in the north, Christchurch on the south island, and Queenstown, further to the south. 2. What’s the other name for New Zealand? (Aotearoa) 3. Where did the Maori come from? (Polynesia) 2. Ask some students to retell the text. Show the outline on the screen. Para.3. 1) ocean and seas→cities lies on a bay→deep harbour 2) landscape→green hills and mountains→volcanoes→hot springs 3) plants and animals Para. 4. History of New Zealand 1) 1000years ago: the Maori 2) Around 1421: Chinese sailors 3) 1642: the Dutchman Abel Tasman 4) 1769: Captain James Cook 5) 1840: European, mainly British Step II . Language points: Words and expressions: 1. surround V. (encircle) 围绕, 包围 The policemen surrounded the house when an explosion happened ten minutes ago. 2. settle vt&vi 1)(make home in; live in)安家, 定居 eg. After retirement, the professor settled in the country.

2) (decide) 了结, 决定 That settles the argument.事情就这样决定了. 3) 使…安定, 使…安身 The nurse settled her patient for the night. 那个护士是她的病人安静过夜。 相关词组: Settle a bill 付账 Settle down to sth. 专心工作 Settle down to married life 过规律的婚姻生活 Settle for sth. 勉强接受 Have an account to settle sb. 跟某人算账 3. take possession of 夺取, 占有 At midnight they crossed the river and took possession of the village. 他们在夜里渡过河占领了这个村庄。 相关词组: Be in possession of 持有 Win possession of the ball 抢到球 A man of great possession 富人 Lose all one’s possessions 失去所有财产。 possess vt. 具有(own, have) What a pity, the greedy man possessed nothing at present! 多可怜! 这贪婪的人现在一无所有! 4. sign agreement with sb. 签订合约 come to/ arrive at/ make/ reach an agreement with 与…达成协议 sign n. 记号,符号,迹象 The dark cloud is a sign of rain. 黑云是大雨的征兆。 The barber’s sign 理发店招牌 Traffic signs 交通标志。 Step III.Word Study (Page 40) T:Turn to Page 40. Work in pairs and make sentences with all of the words combining the nouns and the adjectives into sentences. Nouns describing the land Adjectives describing the land Jungles, forests, deserts, grasslands, Wooded, grassy, sandy, rocky, hilly, hills, mountains flat, mountainous. Sample: 1. The hare ran fast and hid into wooded jungles. 2. Our soldiers launched a jungle fight. 3. When I was walking in the jungles, I heard a terrible voice of some beast. 4. Which is more valuable in a desert, water or money? 5. He drove across the deserts. 6. The houses stands on wooded hills. 7. The watchtower lies on some hilly hills. 8. They push their bicycles up the hills sweatily. 9. Lucy and her friends got lost in the forest. 10. The grasslands here are very grassy and called “paradise” by local herdsmen. 11. A mountainous state is one where there are many mountains.

12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Rocky Mountains surrounded the peaceful village. Despite being hilly, the land here is very fertile. Several girls are walking on the sandy beach, talking and laughing. Because the place is mountainous, transportation, here is not so convenient. Yunnan Province is known for being hilly and many national minorities.

Step IV. Grammar--- the use of ―it‖. 1. P40. Show the sentences on the screen. It is a good thing that you finish the work in limited time. It is interesting to do it. It was getting bright. It is March 1st today. 2. Analyze what the part of speech “it”is. 3. Make a summary: 1. The use of “it” as a subject. 2. it can be used in the subject position to stand for the infinitive or clause. 3. Impersonal it can be used to talk about time, date, distance or weather. 4. Read the sentences aloud. Step V. Practice 1. Turn to Page 40. Do the exercises. Make sentences using it as a subject. Eg. It is important to learn English well. It is very kind of you. It is one hour to finish the task. 2. Do Ex. 1. &2&3. Step VI. Summary. The use of ―it‖ 1. it 在句子中可以做人称代词或非人称代词。 2. it 做形式主语。连词 that, whether,连接副词 how, where, when, why 以及连接 代词 what, which, who 等引导的主语从句,放到句末。 另外, 1)it 做形式主语,将动名词短语放到句末。 It is no good smoking or drinking too much. 2)it 做形式宾语。当宾语是不定式,动名词或从句时,而且其后有宾语补足语 时,则用 it 做形式宾语,而将真正的宾语放到句末。 如:He thinks it a duty for us to study all subjects well. They want to make it clear that they are doing an important job. 3)it 用于强调句型。如:(19 单元就要学到) It was in the park that I saw him. (强调 it) Step VI. Assignment. Review grammar. Do Ex. 1, Ex2, Ex3 on P103.

Blackboard Design:板书设计:

Unit18. Period. 4.
Grammar—the use of ―it‖ It is one hour to finish the task. It is important to learn English well.

It is no good smoking or drinking too much. He thinks it a duty for us to study all subjects well. They want to make it clear that they are doing an important job. It was in the park that I saw him. (强调 it)

课后反思:

Period 5: Reading.2 Life in New Zealand
Teaching goals Target language: a. 重点词汇和短语: wedding, conference, relation, agriculture, cattle, export, lamb, ship, sail, go sailing, go camping, cottage, seaside, make up, the majority of, be marked with, stay with, turn to, of high quality. b. 重点句式:be +of +抽象名词 Ability Goals:
1. Enable students to learn more about New Zealand. 2. Teach students how to write a short description of a country or a region.

Teaching Important points.
Write a short description of a country or a region.

Teaching Difficult points. How to write a short description of a country or a region in which the Ss live. Teaching Methods 1. Questions and answers for introduction 2. Fast reading and careful reading 3. Pair work/ Group work 4. Writing practice 5. Inductive method and summary Teaching Aids: A tape recorder/ a computer Teaching Procedures: Step I. Revision
1. Check the assignments for the last class. 2. Choose the right answer. 1. Tom’s mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but____ didn’t help. (NMET93) A. he B. which C. she D. it 2. It is the ability to do the job___ matters not where you come from or what you are. (NMET 2000) A. one B. that C. what D. it 3. Is ______necessary to take off our shoes when we enter the lab?(NMET 88) A. everyone B. this C. her D. it 4. Is _____possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship? (NMET 88)

A. now B. that C. it D. man 5. Is _____necessary to complete the design before National Day? (NMET 89) A. this B. that C. it D. he 6. ____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. (NMET 95) A. There B. This C. That D. It 7. I hate ___when people talk with their mouth full. (NMET 98) A. it B. that C. these D. them 8. I don’t think ____possible to master a foreign language without much memory work. (NMET 90) A. this B. that C. its D. it (Keys: 1-4. DBDC 5-8. CDAD)

Step II. Pre-Reading ---Life in New Zealand. Page 41 T: We have learned something about New Zealand’s geography, history and as much. Now we are going to read something about life in NZ. Can you imagine what kind of life will be in NZ? Today we are going to learn another passage “Life in New Zealand”. Step III. While-reading Listen, then read the whole passage fast again and answer my questions.
Questions: 1. How large is the population of NZ? What’s the population of NZ? (3.8 million) 2. What language is spoken in NZ? (the majority-English, Maori---official language) 3. What is the marae? (The marae is an area of land with a meeting house, where all important events take place) 4. What are the main exports of NZ? (wool, lamb, beef, butter, forest products, fruit and vegetables) 5. Which product is sold all over the world? (wine) 6. What sports do people like to do in summer? (go sailing, swimming, horse-riding, rock-climbing, etc) Task 1. *Pair work: Look through the reading passage Life in New Zealand. Have a discussion. Find out the main topics written in the passage. Para. 1 Para. 2 Para. 3 Para. 4 Main Topics Population, ethnic groups and languages spoken by them Cultural of one ethnic group—Maoris that are native to NZ Agriculture products (famous) Sports and spare time

Task2. *Group work: Scan the passage and underline the key words about each topic, and then write down the answers needed in the blanks on the sheet of paper. What can be written in a description? (New Zealand) Population _______ million, _______(14%) Languages _______(majority); Maori language culture of 1. common meeting place:__________________ natives 2. wedding, burial or conference:______________

Agriculture sports time & free

1. main agriculture:_____________ 2. products:________, lamb, ________, _________, forest products, _________, wine sailing, ________, _______, rock-climbing,_________, seaside trip

Step IV. Language points: 1. population Population—people who live in an area, a city, or a country. e.g. The population of Western European countries. What is the population of Ireland? (~means the total number of an area, a city, or a country) With a population of over 10 million. 2. refer to (referred, referring) 谈及, 提及 When I said some people are stupid, I wasn’t referring to you. 参考: The speaker often referred to his notes. 提交…处理… This has been referred to the United Nations. 3. mark n . 标记, 符号, 分数 be marked with 以…为标志 The happier events are marked with speeches, singing and dancing. be equipped with 装备有 be covered with 覆盖着 be hung with 挂有 be filled with 充满 be crowded with 挤满 be piled with 堆满 4. turn to 转到, 求助于, 转变去做, 后跟名词或动名词 Some farmers have turned to keeping deer. (~planting trees) 5. of high quality 高质量的 New Zealand wine is of high quality. 构成此类短语的名词常为抽象名词,该短语相当于形容词性。 of no use 无用的 of great importance 很重要的 of little help 没什么帮助的 of much value 很有价值的 6. make up 组成 be made up of ….由…组成 7. farm n.农场 on the farm 在农场,在饲养场。 vt.& vi. 耕田,饲养家畜 Some Henan farmers farm 20,000 acres in the northeast of China. 一些河南农民在东北耕种 20,000 英亩田。 He is engaged in sheep-farming. 他从事养羊。 Difficult sentences 1. New Zealand is an important agriculture country, with cattle farming on the North Island, while the hilly South Island has more sheep farms. With 复合结构 With +n. + 介词短语/形容词/ 过去分词(被动)/ 现在分词(主动) e.g. He sat there with a smile on his face. The street was quiet with no bus running. In came a man with his hand tied back. You’d better stay at home with the door closed. With night coming on, we started for home.

He is deep in thought, with his head in his hands. 2. Living in a country with plenty of space and a good climate, New Zealanders love all kinds of sports and outdoor activities. (原因状语) Being ill, he went home.(原因) Hearing the cry for help, he rushed out. (时间) Seeing from the hill, you can get the whole town. (条件) He read a newspaper, waiting for the bus. (伴随) European football is played in 80 countries, making it the most popular sport in the world. (结果) Step V: Consolidation T: Talk about New Zealand’s population, agriculture, culture and sports. 提示: 1. population, 3.8,14% Maori, 6% Asians, official language, street signs 2. marae, meeting house, singing, dancing, happier events, speech, dead, stay with 3. agricultural, cattle, North Island, sheep, South, exports 4. sports, sailing, swimming, go camping, horse-riding S1: New Zealand has a population of 3.8 million, of which 14% are Maori, and Asians make up about 6% of the total population. English and Maori are both official languages. All street signs are written in both languages. They have Maori newspapers, radio and TV programs. S2: The marae is an area of land with a meeting house. The happier events are marked with speeches, singing and dancing. When someone died, all the relations come to the marae for the Maori service. People often stay with the dead man for three days, because they believe the spirit will stay with the body. S3: New Zealand is an agricultural country, with the cattle farm on the North Island and sheep farm on the hilly South Island. The exports of the country are : wool, lamb, beef, butter, forest products, fruit, vegetable and wine. S4: The New Zealanders love sports, such as sailing, swimming, horse-riding, rock-climbing, go camping. Step VI:Summary: Here are the main points in this passage. ? the population, ethnic groups and the language ? the culture ? agriculture ? Things people like to do in their free time. Can you say sth. according to the above contents? Step VII. Assignment 1. Prepare to retell the text. 2. Do translations. Translate the following into English a. 农民占中国人口的 80%以上。 b. 这次的损害大部分不容易补救。 c. 他虽然身体残疾,但精神意志坚强。 d. 我们应当同甘共苦。 e. 这个农场水果质量好,销往世界各地。 Key:a. Peasants make up over 80% of the Chinese population.

b. The majority of the damage is not easy to repair. c. She is physically disabled, but strong and mighty in spirit. d. We should share in our trouble as well as in our joy. e. The fruit on this farm is of high quality and is sold all over the world.

Period 6. Reading (3)& Writing
Teaching goals 1. Target language: 重点词汇和短语: Despite, run business, known to, honour sb, for, work on 重点句式:the fact that…. 2. Ability Goals:
Enable students to describe a country or a region.

3. Teaching Important points.
Write a short description of a country or a region.

Teaching Difficult points. How to write a short description of a country or a region in which the Ss live. Teaching Methods 1. Fast reading and careful reading 2. Discussion in groups and writing practice 3 . Inductive method and summary Teaching Aids: A tape recorder/ a computer Teaching Procedures: Step I. Revision
T: (greet the students) 1. Check homework. Correct the mistakes. 2. Ask Ss to retell the text “Life in New Zealand” Step II. Reading (3)---P.104 GUNG HO! Pre-reading T: Let me tell you something about this text. The population in New Zealand is made up of immigrants. The majority of these immigrants are of British or Dutch origin, but people from many other countries settled in New Zealand as well. The history of relations between New Zealand and China is nearly as old as the nation itself. From about the middle of the nineteenth till the beginning of the twentieth century, many people around the world tried to make their fortune during the Gold Rush. Many Chinese people tried their luck there. Between 1871and 1882more than 8,500 Chinese went to New Zealand, while during the same period about 4,000 returned home. It was during World War II when a number of New Zealanders came to China to help the Chinese people during the war against Japan and build up the country. Rewi Alley, the most famous of all, came to China in 1927. In 1938 he helped set up the Association of Chinese Industrial Co-operatives (中国工业合作社), which were later called Gong He(工合). In Chinese, these words mean “Work together”. But later, these words were borrowed into the English language. The spelling changed a little to “Gung Ho”. In English, gung-ho now means: “very eager or

very enthusiastic”. From 1940 onwards Rewi Alley helped set up Bailie Schools all over China. Now you have five minutes to read the whole text. Five minutes later, the teacher asks the Ss to do Ex. 1 and Ex.2 on P105. Step III. Exercises. (Do Ex1.and Ex.2. on Page 105.) Key to Ex. 1. 1. A. 2.C 3.C 4.Band D 5. B Key to Ex.2. 1. The Chinese people moved to New Zealand during the 1850s to hunt for gold. 2. The early Chinese settlers were more killed at setting up and running businesses than settlers from other countries. 3. Suggested answer for the chart. Name country Job James Bertram New Zealand Writer Edgar Snow USA Writer Kathleen Hall New Zealand Nurse Norman Bethune Canada Doctor Rewi Alley New Zealand Teacher/writer Sydney Shapiro USA Writer George Hatem USA Doctor Agnes Smedley USA Writer Step IV. Language points(略) Step V. Project: New Zealand Today ( 见教参 P.148) Step VI. Consolidation 1. Role-play: Situation: Role: a guide (with a small flag); three tourists (with a travel cap on head) Place: New Zealand Demands: Each of the tourists should ask the guide at least two questions about any of the main topics in the reading material. Suggestions: the rest are asked to make their comments on the acting.

Step VII. Writing
Review how to describe a country or a region. 1. Tips: (Students’ book. P42) 2. Work in groups to exchange ideas. Make plans and necessary notes for future use according to the chart given .Let the students describe their home town. 3.( Show the map of China.) T: Let’s write an article, the title is: China. The article should include; 1) the geography position, the population, ethnic groups and the languages spoken by them 2) write about the climate, mountain, river, resources. 3) write something about people. Sample: 见教参 p143.

Step VIII. Summary& Assignment

介绍某地的地理,资源及历史概况的说明文可分几个段落逐一加以介绍。 短文中可使用定语从句、被动句。在每段的开头可先给出一个中心句或主题句, 接着再用几个句子拓展该中心句。 Assignment: Writing Tasks: Task 1: 根据提示,写一篇介绍北京的短文,词数 100 左右。 Size: one of the largest cities. Population: over 10 million. Position: northern part of China. Weather: winter---long, snows sometimes. Spring---warm, windy. Summer---hot Autumn---best season, neither too cold nor too hot, sunny. Appearance: beautiful, places of interest 例文:Beijing is one of the largest cities in China. It has a population of over 10 million. Since it is in the northern part of China, the winter here is long and it snows sometimes. In spring it’s warm but windy. In summer it is very hot . Autumn is the best season in Beijing, when it is neither too cold nor too hot. And it’s usually sunny. Beijing is a beautiful city with lots of places of interest, such as the Palace Museum, the Great Summer Palace and so on. Task 2:请用英语写一篇有关英国首都伦敦的见解,基本信息如下: 1. 伦敦,英国首都。 2. 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国是由 England, Scotland ,Northern Ireland 组 成的。 3. 伦敦是世界上最大的城市之一。 4. 位于 England 的东南部。 5. 跨泰晤士(River Tames)两岸。 6. 人口 300 万,面积 1870 平方公里。 7. 始建于公元 43 年。 例文: London is the Capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. London is one of the greatest cities in the world. It lies in the southeastern part of England. London is a city with a population of about 3 million, and an area of 1870 square kilometers. It was first built in 43AD. The River Thames runs through the city. Task 3:香港已回归祖国了。请你根据以下提示,简介香港的基本情况。 提示:香港被称之为“东方之珠(pearl)”,是世界上最大的贸易中心之一。有人 口 600 多万,面积 1000 余平方公里。年平均气温在 22℃左右;5 月至 7 月是雨 水季节。中国政府和中国人民坚信有能力使香港更加繁荣(flourish)富强。 例文 A Brief Introduction of Hong Kong Hong Kong has come back to China. The following is a brief introduction of Hong Kong. Hong Kong, which is called the East Pearl, is one of the largest trade markets in the world. It has a population of more than six million. The area of Hong Kong is over

1000 square kilometer. The average temperature of Hong Kong is about 22℃. The rainy season is between May and July. The Chinese government and the Chinese people firmly believe that we are able to keep the flourish of Hong Kong and make it stronger. 补充材料: Introduction of New Zealand Background:The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances. Geography Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia Area: total: 268,680 sq km note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands Geography - note: about 80% of the population lives in cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world People Population: 3,951,307 (July 2003 est.) Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.9% (male 443,837; female 423,118) 15-64 years: 66.5% (male 1,318,751; female 1,307,796) 65 years and over: 11.6% (male 199,722; female 258,083) (2003 est.) Median age: total: 33.1 years male: 32.4 years female: 33.9 years (2002) Languages: English (official), Maori (official) Capital: Wellington Administrative divisions: 16 regions; Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Canterbury, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Marlborough, Nelson, Northland, Otago, Southland, Taranaki, Tasman, Waikato, Manawatu-Wanganui, Wellington, West Coast Independence: 26 September 1907 (from UK) Flag description: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant with four red five-pointed stars edged in white centered in the outer half of the flag; the stars represent the Southern Cross constellation Economy Since 1984 the government has accomplished major economic restructuring, transforming New Zealand from an agrarian economy dependent on concessionary British market access to a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally. This dynamic growth has boosted real incomes (but left behind many at the bottom of the ladder), broadened and deepened the technological capabilities of the industrial sector, and contained inflationary pressures. While per capita incomes have

been rising, however, they remain below the level of the four largest EU economies, and there is some government concern that New Zealand is not closing the gap. New Zealand is heavily dependent on trade - particularly in agricultural products - to drive growth, and it has been affected by the global economic slowdown and the slump in commodity prices. Thus far the New Zealand economy has been relatively resilient, although growth may slow to 2.5% in 2003. Industries: food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, dairy products; fish wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, dairy products; fish Exports - commodities: dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery Exports - partners: Australia 20.3%, US 15.5%, Japan 11.5%, UK 4.8%, China 4.6%, South Korea 4.4% (2002) Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, vehicles and aircraft, petroleum, electronics, textiles, plastics New Zealand Weather ----New Zealand is in the Southern Hemisphere, which of course means mid summer is at Christmas time while mid winter is June/July. The climate is oceanic temperate. Given the small land mass relative to the expanse of ocean around New Zealand, the seasonal variations in New Zealand weather are smaller than continental North America or mainland Europe. North Island has a warm mild climate, almost sub-tropical in the extreme north. Auckland average summer temperature (January) is about 21C / 70F and winter is 11C / 52F . Annual rainfall in North Island is around 125-150cm / 50-60ins , the west receiving slightly more rain than the east. South island is colder, Dunedin has average summer temperatures of about 15C / 59F and winter 6C / 43F. The contrast in rainfall across South Island is much greater due to the Southern Alps and varies from 300cm / 120ins on the west coast to 65cm / 25ins on the Canterbury Plains and Christchurch.


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