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2019人教英语必修二同课异构课件:Unit2TheOlympicGamesSectionCGrammar1教育语文_图文

Unit 2 The Olympic Games

被动语态的构成
一般现在时:am/is/are+p.p. (done) 一般过去时:was/were+p.p. (done) 一般将来时:will/shall be+p.p. (done)
am/is/are going to be + p.p. (done)
am/is/are to be +p.p. (done) 过去将来时:would/should be+p.p.(done) 现在进行时: am/is/are being+p.p.(done) 过去进行时:was / were + p.p. (done) 现在完成时:have/has been+p.p. (done) 过去完成时:had been + p.p. (done)

Check the answers:
1.Your children will be taken care of when you are off.
2.The foreign friends will be given a warm welcome.
A warm welcome will be given to the foreign friends.
3.How many athletes will be sent to take part in the 2008 Olympic Games?

4.He was laughed at for the foolish mistake.
5.All these things are to be answered in the future.
6.The students were given some advice.
Some advice was given to the students.
7. It is known that he is teacher.
? He is known to be a teacher.

8.He wants to find a job in a factory which is still being built.
9.Can such a thing be prevented from happening again?
10.By the end of last year, another new stadium had been built in Beijing.
11.A new plan is not being discussed now.

12.The naughty son was always being scolded by his father.
13.He is not here. He must be being examined (by the doctor).
表猜测的被动:一定在做某事 must be doing sth. ?sth. must be being done

It is said that… 据说 It is reported that…据报道 It is believed that…大家相信 It is hoped that…大家希望 It is well known that…众所周知
?All of us know that the Great Wall is
one of the cultural relics.
?It is known that the Great Wall is one
of the cultural relics.
?The Great Wall is known to be one of
the cultural relics.

情态动词+be+p.p.(done)
can / could / may / might / must / should / ought to / have to + be + p.p. (done)
I can finish the work.
?The work can be finished by me.
?Can the work be finished by you?

被动语态的特殊结构形式

have/get sth. done=ask sb. to do sth. ?have a hair cut ?have my bike repaired ? ………..

get + p.p. = be + p.p. ?The thief got caught yesterday. 那个贼昨天被抓了。
?Be careful, or you’ll get hurt. 小心,否则你会受伤。

smell/taste/feel等感觉动词和系动词不 需要用被动。
?The water feel very cold.

Correct the sentences (改错):
1.His mother gave him a present . to ?A present was given him by his mother. 2.Someone caught the boy smoking . ?The boy was caught smoke. smoking 3.The teacher has made us work hard. ?We have been made work hard. to 4.We are to put off the meeting till Friday. ?The meeting is to be put till Friday. off n5e.Iende+eddtooinrgep=aniretehde thoobuesed.one. ?The house needs repairing.

Practise the dialogue in passive voice:
M: male F: female
M: Why don’t you drive your car? F: It is being repaired in the factory now. M: But it was just repaired a few months ago. F: I know. Maybe repair job wasn’t done well. My car needs sending back to the factory again. M: What’s going on around in your company? F: Haven’t you heard? Where have you been, anyway? M: I was sent to Chicago. I just got back.

F: Well, a lot of changes were made last week. For one thing, Susan was fired. M: Where is she now? F: Maybe she is looking for a new position now. M: I see. What about me? Was me fired too? F: No, of course not. I was given a new office. M: It’s great. Congratulations! F: Spanish will be studied next month. Anyway, I don’t want to be the next one! M: Good luck!

Make sentences in passive voice:
The woman was given some flowers on Feb 27.

tips:
put out 1 show 4
repair
2 scold 5 3 follow 6
hurt

write a story / dialogue about Johnson following the record.

Time

Record (备忘录)

Before (之前) build a department store

Tuesday (昨 Ask someone to repair his car /

天)

take his son to the park / prepare

for the meeting

Wednesday Attend a meeting(now) (今天)

Thursday (明天)

Have a hair cut / repair the road / finish the design for the subway / buy a gift for his son

Reference Version:
Johnson works in a construction company. He has made great contribution to our city. A department store has been built by him. He always has much work to do. Yesterday he had his car repaired. Much work was prepared for the next day meeting. Now a meeting is being attended. Tomorrow He has to have a hair cut and the road should be repaired as soon as possible. The design for the subway will be finished. Moreover, his son should be bought a gift for his 12th birthday. Wow, how busy Johnson was, is and will be!

带双宾语(复合宾语)的被动语态
1.His mother told him a story. He w__a_s_ t_o_l_d__ a story by his mother . A story _w_a__s_to_l_d_ t_o_ him by his mother.
2.I saw the girl drawing in class. The girl w__a_s_s_e_e__n d__ra__w_i_n_g____ in class.
3.He often lends me a pen. I _a_m_ often _le__n_t__ a pen by him. A pen _is_ often _l_e_n_t__ __t_o___ me by him.
4.They take good care of the children. The children a__re_ t_a_k_e__n good care _o__f .
5. Who made it ? _W_h_o__w__a_sit _m_a__d_eby? Byw__h_o_m_ _w__a_s it _m__a_d_e?

被动语态加上‘to’
1.They heard him say good-bye to his teacher after class.
He w__a_s_ h_e__a_r_d_ t_o_ _s_a_y good-bye to his teacher after class.
2.They made him do the work just now.
He w_a_s__ m_a__d_e__ t_o__ d_o__ the work just now.
3.His teacher notices him play a computer.
He i_s__ n_o__ti_c_e__d _t_o_ p__la__y a computer.

Exercise

1. ( D ) If the work ________,you can go and play games.

A. finished B. has finished C. will be finished D. is finished

2. ( B ) It was raining heavily outside, the children were made ______

in the classroom. A. stay B. to stay

C. staying

D. stayed

3. ( C) Kate _______ the letter before her mother came into her bedroom.

A. has written B. was written C. had written D. is writing 4. ( B ) To make our city more beautiful, rubbish ______ into the river.

A. needn’t be thrown

B. mustn’t be thrown

C. can’t throw

D. may not throw

5. ( A ) I like my bike. It ________ very well.

A. rides B. is riding C. is ridden D. has ridden

6. ( D ) —I won’t come to the party unless Tom ______, too.

—You mean if Tom comes ,you’ll come. A. will invite B. invites C. invited D. is invited

7. ( A ) Everyone who heard Mr. Green’s story _____________ it.

A. laughed at B. was laughed C. laughed D. was laughed at

8. ( D ) The children must _______.

A. look after C. look the same

B. be taken good care D. be taken good care of

9. ( B ) The woman still doesn’t know what _______ in her hometown

while he was away. A. happens B. happened C. will happen D. was happened 10. ( B ) — I saw you were on foot this morning.
—Yes. My bike ___________.

A. is mending

B. is being mended

C. is mended

D. is being mending

Fill in the blanks using right forms:
1. All the students _w_e_r_e_a_s_k_e_d_(ask) to bring a kite with them last Sunday.
2. Are many ways __t_r_ie_d__(try) to stop people from cutting down so many trees? 3. —What are on show in the museum?
—Some photos __ta_k_e_n____(take) by American children. 4. This coat __w__a_sh_e_s__(wash) well.
5. Must the old people __b_e__sp_o_k__en___(speak) to politely? 6. I’m often __w_a_r_n_e_d__(警告)not to copy others’ homework. 7. He couldn’t explain why dinosaurs __d_is_a_p_p_e_a_r_e_d(消失). 8. I’ll have my bike __m_e_n_d__ed__/__re_p_a_i_r_e_d_(修理) tomorrow. 9. Have you found your necklace __s_t_o_le_n__(偷) last week? 10. The PRC was __fo_u_n_d__ed__(成立) on October 1, 1949.


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