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高二英语unit20-language-points


Language points

1.On May 3, 2002, archaeologists in
England found a grave of a man dating back to around 2300 BC. 2002年5月3日,英国考古学家发现了一 座墓穴。这座墓穴可以追溯到公元前2300 年左右。 date back to=date from 追溯到,上溯到

This building dates back to 1823. 这栋建筑是1823年所建。 This castle dates from the 14th century. 这座城堡建于14世纪。 date vt./vi 注明日期;记日期 Don't forget to date your letters. 别忘了在你的信上写明日期。 have/fix/make a date约会 out of date 过时的;废弃的

2. He was buried on his left side with his
face to the north. 被埋葬时,他侧身向左,脸朝北。 on: 支撑 1.He was on his feet in no time. 他很快就站了起来。 2. He was on his hands and knees searching for something. 他正趴在地上找东西。 Can you stand on your head ?

(2)with his face to the north是一个 with的复合结构其构成是: with+名词+现在分词(或者是过去分词、 介词短语、形容词以及副词等)
我姑妈住的房子,窗户朝南.

1.My aunt lives in the room with the window facing south.
那个抱小孩的妇女是他的姐姐.

2.The woman with a baby in her arms is his sister.
那个贼被带到前面,他的手被绑着.

3.The thief was brought to the front with his hands tied.

I like to do some reading in my little study room________ . B A. with the window close B. with the window closed C. have the window close D. have the window closed

3.Some of the objects found in the grave
give us an idea of how he was dressed when he was buried.
一些在墓穴中发现的物体让我们得知他被埋葬 时的穿着。

give sb an idea of

使某人明白

The book will give you an idea of what everyday life of ordinary Americans is like.

4.There was a bone pin that may have
been from a piece of clothing such as a leather coat. 有一个骨针可能是一件衣服,比如皮 衣上面的。

pin 1 n. 别针,大头针 drawing-pin 图钉 2 v.(用钉等)钉住,使固定,使不能动 e.g. He uses a pin to pin the picture on the wall. pin one’s hope on someone 寄望某人,对某人抱有希望 pin down 解释确切,明确说明 pin up 把...钉在墙上(让人容易看见)

5.The most amazing find was two gold
earrings. 最令人惊讶的是发现了一副金耳环。 find [C] 发现,发现物 Our new gardener was a marvelous find. finding [C] & [U] 发现,发现物

6. ① Buried with him were the tools of a hunter or warrior. ② Only a few centimetres from his head were two pots made of clay, tools and materials to make arrows,… ③ Next to them lay a cushion stone, upon which the man could work metal. 倒装 句型。 这三句属于______

这是完全倒装中的两种情况

(1)当句首状语为表示地点的介词词组 时,常倒装。 1. South of the city lies a big steel factory. 2.From the valley came a frightening sound.

(2)表语置于句首时, 1. Present at the meeting were Professor White Professor Smith and many other guests. 2.Gone are the days when they could do what they liked to the Chinese people.

7. spare adj. 备用的;额外的;多余的;剩下的 a spare room 预备的房间 a spare tire 备用轮胎 I have little spare time. 我没有什么余暇。 In one’s spare time 在某人闲暇的时候 In my spare time, I’d like to listen to music. spare vt. 匀出;分出 spare no efforts 不遗余力 (1) Can you spare me just a few minutes? (2) There’s no time to spare. Spare the rod and spoil the child.
[谚]孩子不打不成器,娇养忤逆儿。(省了棍子 坏了孩子。)

8.Archaeologists tend to believe that this man was a member of a powerful class that may well have organized the construction of Stonehenge. tend to 1) 倾向于,有某种趋势 People under stress tend to express their full range of potential. 处于压力下的人容易发挥自己全部的潜力。 tend 2)照管;护理,相当于look after He tended her daughter carefully during her illness.

9.The biggest stones weigh 20 tons and came from a place not very far. 最大的石头重约20吨,它们来自于一个不 远的地方。 weigh作为动词,主要表达以下几种含义:

1.表示“称(重量)”
1)Let me weigh it.It’s quite a bit overweight. 超重还不少呢。 2)The goods were carefully weighed at the time of shipment.

2.表示“某物有(多少)重量”。 A giant panda can weigh as much as 150 kilos when fully grown.
3.表示“压(在上面)”的含义。 The decision has been weighing on my mind all the week. 4.意思是“考虑”。

They weighed the matter seriously.

10. average n. 平均数 The average of 4, 8, and 60 is 24. 4、8和60的平均数是24。
平均;平均水平 What is the average rainfall for August in your country? His results is the average.

on (an) average 通常;按平均 We fail one student per year on average. 我们平均每年有一个学生不及格。

11. convey vt. (1) 运送;运输 The truck conveyed machinery across the country. 这辆卡车在全国各地运送机器。 Wires convey electricity. 金属线导电。 (2) 通知;通报;传[表, 转]达 (1) I will convey the information to him. (2)I can't convey my feelings in words. (3)The ambassador personally conveyed the president's message to the premier. 大使亲自向总理转达了总统的问候。

12. link vt., vi.(常与together, to, with连用) 连接, 联合 (1)The two towns are linked by a railway.
(2) The new bridge will link the island to the mainland. 新的桥梁将把该岛与大陆连接在一起。

be linked to / have links with 与…有联系 Sichuan have trade links with the Yangtze River.

13. have a hand in参与,插手,对某事物负 部分责任 1) I can’t promise much. I’m not the only one that has a hand in things in this town. 2)I bet he had a hand in it.

at hand 即将来到;在手边 by hand 用手 from hand to mouth 仅够糊口地 hand in hand 手牵手,携手 take…in hand 担负起…的责任 wash one’s hands of 洗手不干

14.In terms of technical development, people were going from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age. in terms of 用……的话;以……的观点; 就……而说 In terms of the numbers in employment the hotel industry was the second largest Swiss industry in 1929. 就雇佣的人来说,旅馆业是瑞士的第二 大产业。

He thought of everything in terms of money. 他每件事都从钱的角度考虑。 come to terms=make terms 达成协议;和好 in the long term 就长期而言 on no terms 无论如何不,决不 in relative terms 相对而言 in sb’s terms 在…看来 in real terms 事实上

15.At first it was thought that it was through war and armed conflict, but it is now believed to have happened through trade and cultural links. 起初人们认为是通过战争和武力斗争, 但是现在人们认为是通过贸易和文化交 流发生的。

It is thought that… 人们认为…… 此句型中,it为形式主语,that从句为真正 的主语。 At first, it was thought that the earth is flat. 起初人们认为地球是平的。

16. in the eyes of sb. (=in sb.’s eyes): in the opinion of sb.在某人的心目中,在某人看来
In your father’s eyes you’re still a child. 相关词组: keep an eye on sb. 留神,看守,看管 look sb. in the eye 目不转睛地看某人 shut (close) one’s eyes to sth. 闭目不看…,装着没看到…,视而不见

D 1 _____ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. A Which B When C What D As C 2 ______,I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. A As long as I have traveled B Now that I have traveled so much C Much as I have traveled D As I have traveled so much

3 Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially ____ A Father was away in France. A as B that C during D if

4 ----- Excuse me ,sir. Would you do me a favor? ----- Of course. What is it? B if you could tell me how to ----- I _____ fill out this form. A had wondered B was wondering C would wonder D did wonder

D about Australian cities, 5 If you are ____ just read the book written by Dr. Johnson A interested B anxious C upset D curious
6 -----Excuse me, may I ask you some questions? ----- Sorry, I’m too busy and haven’t even a minute to _____. B A spend B spare C share D stop

7 -----Excuse me. Is this the right way to the Summer Palace? A be. ----- Sorry. I’m not sure. But it ____ A might B will C must D can
8 My sister met him at the Grand Theatre A your yesterday afternoon, so he ____ lecture. A couldn’t have attended B needn’t have attended C mustn’t have attended D shouldn’t have attended

非洲旧石器时代考古在世界上占有重要地位。这里不仅发现了迄今为止年代最早的人类化石和石器文化,而是世界上已知的人 类各发展阶段没有缺环、年代前后相继的地区。迄今所知最早的石器发现于东非肯尼亚的科比福拉,以及埃塞俄比亚的奥莫和 哈达尔地区,年代距今约250万~200万年。

石器时代官方 http://www.shiqi.co/ 石器时代官方

旧石器时代早期在非洲存在两大石器文化传统:奥杜韦文化和阿舍利文化。旧石器时代中期,在北非有莫斯特文化和阿替林文 化;在撒哈拉以南地区,有中非的石核斧类型文化,如山果文化和卢本巴文化,南非的彼得斯堡文化、奥兰治文化、斯蒂尔贝 文化和班巴塔文化。旧石器时代晚期,非洲气候极为干旱,发现的遗存数少,在北非有与欧洲石叶文化相似的代拜文化,在撒 哈拉以南地区则有奇托利文化等。 满满盛了汤,但汤里熬的不是鱼翅、干贝,而是白芷、江离——都是沐浴用的香草。汤也不烫,最多比皮肤烫一点点,正好让 人躺进去“哦呼!”一声,绝不会对人造成任何实质性伤害,只会把人泡得红通通的,像一只心满意足的大虾。这是一锅上好 的洗澡水。苏明远沉入水中,“哦呼”了一声。世上再没有比淋了一场大雨之后泡个热热的香汤更美的了!一定有所要求的话, 倒是可以锦上添花一把。第二章 蝶楼吹彻玉笙寒(2)“蝶儿,”苏明远唤道,“给我推拿。”“我不是蝶儿。”炉边主人唇边 逸出一抹不知是何滋味的笑容,“我只是个笑话。”他叫蝶宵华。本朝没有“蝶”这个姓,锦城更没有。“蝶宵华”这三个字, 就跟“楚云”、“海棠”、“娇月”、“香红”差不多,都是人家给取的,专为招揽生意用。所谓艺名。叫“楚云”、“海 棠”、“娇月”、“香红”的女孩子,多半会在什么地方做生意,你也想像得出来吧?不过蝶宵华不在勾栏。有的勾栏只收女 孩子,他自然进不去。有的勾栏,兼收男孩子,他也没进。他进的地方,比勾栏还苦一点,要压腿、要下腰、要走台步,要吊 嗓子,所谓梨院。梨院子弟,地位比起勾栏来似乎高那么一点点,有的时候呢,却仿佛还要低上那么一点点。戏子的生活,有 时比妓女还要糜乱得不止一点点。而蝶宵华,是锦城所有戏子中,“那方面”名声最响的一个。像苏明远是举城最受崇拜的贵 公子一样,没有之一。只不过,蝶宵华的名声,未必招人喜爱。有的人嘴里,他是妖魔。有的人嘴里,他简直就是疯的。他像 一出折子戏,不想管来路、不想管去路,所有的美丽、哀艳、甚或是倦怠,都只凝缩在眼前短短一幕,没有明天。他动人得, 像是根本没有明天。苏明远叫他,他就恹恹的站了起来,恹得似一株才抽出新芽、就已不堪盛大春光负荷的垂柳,每迈出一步, 腰肢儿都是软盈盈的。他的斗篷没有扣住,一站,前面就散开了,露出里头衣裳,是遍地金鸦青百花锦袍子,很难压得住的颜 色。而他甚至根本没想过要压,只那么随随便便一站,春风都要为他醉了。他走到苏明远盆边,刚刚那小少女之一,又奔了回 来,手里捧着一只万寿回文金盏,仍然笑成一团,步子都要迈不稳似的,把金盏往蝶宵华足边一放,咬着嘴忍住笑声,回身又 逃了。蝶宵华伸出尖尖的食指,向小少女的背影指了一指:“你啊——”小少女吐吐舌头,还是跑了,他嘴角咬了咬,也没什 么别的话说,自己弯腰捞起金盏,递给苏明远。盏中盛着酒,酒色清碧,似外头窗格嵌的琉璃。苏明远啜了一口,放开手,酒 盏就自己漂在汤面上,似外头的莲花灯。蝶宵华这里的所有东西,似乎都经过精心的布置,不但美,而且一定很实用,一定让 人舒适、让人省力。只有一个很懒、又很


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