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第一部分必修1第一部分必修1Unit 1Friendship


话 题: 人际关系(Interpersonal relationships) 【词汇积累】 【试题展示】 1.stress (v.) 强调 望子成龙望女成凤是每一位家长的心愿,而 2.considerate (adj.) 体贴的 期望与实际往往出现偏差,这就使父母与子 3.depressed (adj.) 失望的,沮丧的 女之间产生矛盾,请你就“父母与子女之间 4.actually (adv.) 实际上 如何建立良好关系”为题发表你的看法,包 5.consequently (adv.) 所以; 结果 括如下要点: 6.benefit (n.)&(v.) 益处;有益于 (1)父母与子女关系良好的重要性; 7.familiar (adj.) 熟悉的 (2)你希望与你的父母之间的关系是怎样的; 8.treasure (v.) 珍惜; 珍藏 (3)如何才能建立这种关系? 9.appreciate (v.) 感激; 欣赏 【佳作欣赏】 10.communicate (v.) 交流; 沟通 An ideal relationship between parents and 11.precious (adj.) 珍贵的 children is very important for our growth. Parents always show love and concern for us. 12.fall in love with 相爱; 爱上 They are our good listeners , advisers and 13.trust each other 相互信任 supporters. With their help,we can overcome 14.turn to sb. for help 向某人求助 many difficulties in our life. 15.look down upon 看不起; 轻视 In my opinion,the relationship between parents 16.take...seriously 认真对待?? and children should be one filled with love, care 【佳句背诵】

1.Not until then did I realize the value of friends. 直到那时我才意识到了朋友的价值。 2.I will appreciate it if you can give me a hand to solve this problem.如果你能帮忙解决这个问题, 我将不胜感激。 3.What I want to stress is that each of us should listen more to others.我想强调的是我们中的每 一个人都应该更多地倾听别人的想法。 ,

and understanding , in which parents and children show respect for each other and exchange ideas freely. To build a relationship of this kind, parents should become friends of their children while children ought to place more trust in their parents and give voice to their feelings frankly. Only in this way can we enjoy a harmonious relationship between parents and children.

1.upset(adj.) 心烦意乱的; 不安的; 不适的 (vt.) 使不安; 使心烦 2.calm(vt.)&(vi.) (使)平静; (使)镇定 (adj.) 平静的; 镇静的; 沉着的 3.settle(vi.) 安家; 定居; 停留 (vt.) 使定居; 安排; 解决 4.disagree(vi.) 不同意 5.grateful(adj.) 感激的; 表示谢意的 6.pack(vi.)&(vt.) 捆扎; 包装; 打行李 (n.) 小包; 包裹 7.ignore(vt.) 不理睬; 忽视 8.teenager(n.) 十几岁的青少年 9.tip(n.) 提示; 技巧; 尖; 尖端; 小费 (vt.) 倾斜; 翻倒 10.power(n.)能力; 力量; 权力→powerful(adj.)强大的; 有力的→powerless(adj.)无能为 力的; 无权的 11.outdoors(adv.)在户外; 在野外→indoors(adv.)(反义词)在室内 12.concern(vt.)(使)担忧; 涉及; 关系到(n.)担心; 关注; (利害)关系→concerned(adj.) 担心的; 忧虑的→concerning(prep.)关于, 涉及 13.suffer(vt.)&(vi.)遭受; 忍受; 经历→suffering(n.)折磨; 苦难 14.entire(adj.)整个的; 完全的; 全部的→entirely(adv.)完全地; 全然地; 整个地 15.recover(vt.)&(vi.)痊愈; 恢复; 重新获得→recovery(n.)恢复; 复苏; 康复 [用所给词的适当形式填空] 1.Our parents are concerned about our health. As far as I’m concerned,_we should talk with them and tell them our concerns.(concern) 2. The entire village was destroyed. It now looked entirely different from the previous one.(entire) 3 . Camping outdoors is my favorite way to enjoy nature while my sister prefers to stay indoors.(outdoors/indoors) 4. After he came to power,_everyone said he was a powerful leader, but now he feels so powerless because he even can’t save his daughter.(power) 5.The doctor said her father would recover soon and we wish her father would make a full recovery from the operation.(recover) 1.add_up 合计 2.calm(...)down (使)平静下来; (使)镇 定下来 3.be_concerned_about 关心; 挂念 4.go_through 经历; 经受; 完成

5.suffer_from 遭受; 患病 6.get/be_tired_of 对??厌烦 7.get_along_with 与??相处; 进展 8.set_down 记下; 放下; 登记 9.on_purpose 故意 10.fall_in_love 相爱; 爱上 11.join_in 参加; 加入 12.have_got_to 不得不; 必须 13.no_longer/not...any_longer 不再?? 14.pack(sth.)up 将(东西)装箱打包 15.face_to_face 面对面地 [选用上面的短语填空] I 1.am_concerned_about my son’s future and 2.get_along_well_with him. The moment he 3.goes_through his homework, we often discuss some questions 4.face_to_face. Both he and I 5.are_tired_of sitting all the time, so we often go outdoors and 6.join_in the children’s games. 1.状语从句的省略 While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 【仿写】 因此, 当坐在教室里做试卷的时候, 我感到自信而且精力充沛。 (2014· 四 川高考书面 表达 )So while sitting_in_the_classroom and doing my papers, I felt confident and was full of energy. 2.before 引导时间状语从句, 意为“在??之后才” She and her family hid away for nearly twentyfive months before they were discovered. 【仿写】 如果你错过了这次机会, 可能需要很多年你才能再获得一次。 (2015· 重庆高考单项填空)If you miss this chance, it_may_be_years_before you get another one. 3.强调句型 I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 【仿写】 众所周知, 清华大学是在一百多年前建立的。 As is known to us, it_was_more_than_100_years_ago_that Tsinghua University was founded. 4.There was a time when... 曾经有一段时期?? I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 【仿写】 在中国历史上,曾经有过一段时期中国是世界上最强大和富裕的国家。 In Chinese history, there_was_once_a_time_when China was the strongest and richest country in the world. 5.It is/was the first time that... 某人第一次做某事 It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face... 【仿写】 那是我第一次了解“ALS 冰桶挑战”。 It_was_the_first_time_that I had learned the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge. 阅读下面课文缩写材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 I lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War Ⅱ. My family was Jewish, so we had to hide away 1.for over two years in order not to 2.be_caught(catch) by the German Nazis. During that time I wasn’t able to be outdoors for so long 3.that I had grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. Once, I 4.decided(decide) to look at the moon at midnight by myself. But I didn’t dare 5.(to)_open(open) the window to see the night face to face because I was afraid of 6.being_discovered(discover) by the Nazis. I felt very lonely without 7.seeing(see) my old friends. So I had to make a new friend—my diary Kitty, 8.whom/whoI could tell everything to. 9.Sadly(sad), we were discovered and caught by the German Nazis some time 10.later(late).

直接引语和间接引语?Ⅰ? [句型转换] 1.Kitty said,“I’ll call again after supper this evening.” →Kitty said that she would_call again after supper that_evening. 2.“Did you see her last week?”he said. →He asked_if I had seen her the_week_before. 3.“Don’t tell him the news.”Mary said. →Mary told me not_to_tell him the news. 4.Tom said,“I forgot to call you yesterday.” →Tom said that he had_forgotten to call me the_day_before. 5.“You must come here before five,”he said. →He said that I had to go there before five.

1.upset adj.心烦意乱的 vt.使不安; 使心烦; 打翻 (教材 P1)Your friend comes to school very upset. 你的朋友来上学时心情很不好。 (1)be upset about/over/at sth. 为某事心烦 be upset to do sth./that... ??让人不安/心烦 (2)upset oneself about sth. 为某事而烦恼 It upsets sb.to do sth./that... 让某人心烦的是?? ①She was upset to know that her application for the position was refused. 知道她对这个职位的申请遭到拒绝, 她感到很沮丧。 ②Don’t upset about it—no harm has been done. 不要为那件事烦恼——没有造成损失。 [基础练习]——单句语法填空 (1)He stood up suddenly, upsetting a cup of coffee on my shirt, which made him upset.(upset) [能力提升]——一句多译 (2014· 山东高考书面表达)我曾经不擅长英语, 掌握词汇少, 语法也差, 这确实使我伤心。 (2)Once I was not very good at English. I didn’t know enough words and my grammar was also poor which_really_upset_me.(upset vt.) (3)Once I was not very good at English. I didn’t know enough words and my grammar was also poor,and it_really_made_me_upset.(upset adj.) 2.calm vt.&vi.(使)平静; (使)镇定 adj.平静的; 镇静的; 沉着的 (教材 P1)You will ignore the bell and go somewhere quiet to calm your friend down. 你不必理 会上课铃, 而是去某个安静的地方安慰你的朋友。 (1)calm(sb.) down (使某人) 平静下来; 镇静下来 (2)stay/keep/be calm 保持镇静 ①It was difficult to calm her down, as she was too excited. 要使她镇静下来是很困难的, 因为她太激动了。 ②He kept calm in face of great danger, which surprised us all.面对巨大危险, 他还能保持镇 静, 这使我们都非常吃惊。

calm quiet

平静的; 沉着的。 指风平浪静或人的情绪平静、 镇静 宁静的; 安静的。 指没有声音、 不吵闹或心里没有烦恼

silent 寂静的; 沉默的。 指不说话或没有声音 still 静止的; 不动的。 指人或物体静止不动 ——选用上述单词完成下面片段 Everything was (1)quiet except that the heavy rain struck the window. Then the mudslide happened, but the frightened people stood there (2)still,_not knowing what to do. He remained (3)calm in face of the danger, and led all the people to a safe place. Later he kept (4)silent over his brave behavior. 3.concern vt.(使)担忧; 涉及; 关系到 n.担心; 关注; (利害)关系 (教材 P1)You will tell your friend that you are concerned about him/her and you will meet after class and talk then. 你会告诉你的朋友你关心他/她,下课后你们就见面谈谈。 (1)show/express concern about/for 对??表示关心 (2)concern oneself about 对??表示关心/担心 (3)concerned adj. 担心的; 关注的; 相关的 be concerned about/for 担心??; 关心?? be concerned with 与??有关; 涉及 as far as...be concerned 就??而言; 依??之见 (4)concerning prep. 有关; 关于 ①It is love and concern that have brought about the great change.是爱和关心带来了这巨大的 变化。 ②(四川高考)Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment where they live. 现在, 人们更加关注他们的居住环境。 [基础练习]——单句语法填空 (1)All the people concerned(concern) with the case will be questioned by the police. (2)The professor will deliver a lecture concerning(concern) environmental protection. (3)The meeting was concerned with reforms and everyone present was concerned for/about their own interests. [能力提升]——一句多译 (2014· 重庆高考书面表达)就我个人而言, 花太多的时间玩智能手机是不明智的。 (4)As_far_as_I’m_concerned,_it’s not wise to spend much time playing with smart phones. (5)In_my_opinion,_it’s not wise to spend much time playing with smart phones. (6)In_my_view,_it’s not wise to spend much time playing with smart phones. (7)From_my_point_of_view,_it’s not wise to spend much time playing with smart phones. 扫一扫 进入 91 导学网(www.91daoxue.com)

concern 的用法 4. power n.能力; 力量; 权力; 动力 (教材 P2)The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power. 漆黑的夜晚, 风雨交加, 电闪雷鸣, 我全然被这种力量镇住了。 (1)come to/into power 掌权; 上台 in one’s power 在某人的掌控中 beyond one’s power 某人力所不能及的 (2)do all/everything in one’s power=do one’s best 尽力而为; 竭尽全力

①It has been several years since Xi Jinping came into/to power.习近平上台执政已有几年了。 ②As the saying goes, “knowledge is power.” 俗话说, “知识就是力量。” ——一句多译 (2014· 天津高考书面表达)我们将竭尽全力帮助你, 但你必须做好迎接各种困难的准备。 (1)We’ll do_everything_in_our_power_to_help_you,_but you must get prepared to meet all kinds of difficulties.(power) (2)We will do_our_best_to_help_you,_but you must get prepared to meet all kinds of difficulties.(best) (3)We will do_what_we_can_to_help_you,_but you must get prepared to meet all kinds of difficulties.(what 引导名词性从句) 5. sufferv.遭受; 忍受; 经历 (教材 P4)She suffered from loneliness, but she had to learn to like it there. 她感到孤独, 但她必须学会喜欢住在那里。 (1)suffer pain/defeat/hardship/damage 遭受痛苦/失败/艰难/破坏 suffer from 受??折磨; 患??病 (2)suffering n. 痛苦; 苦恼; 让人痛苦的事 sufferer n. 受难者; 患病者 ①There is no denying that our earth is suffering severe damage. 不可否认, 我们的地球正遭受着严重的破坏。 ②A large quantity of money has been collected to help those suffering from the floods. 大量的善款被募集来帮助那些遭受洪灾的人们。 [基础练习]——单句语法填空 (1)He has_suffered(suffer) from the lung cancer for many years. (2)The sufferer(suffer) has decided to give up smoking. (3)The old man is said to have gone through varieties of sufferings (suffer) during the war. [能力提升]——用现在分词短语作状语连接(1)、 (2)句 (4)Having_suffered_from_the_lung_cancer_for_many_years,_the_sufferer_has_decided_to_give_ up_smoking. 6. add up 合计, 加起来; 合情理; 说得通 (教材 P1)Add up your score and see how many points you get. 把你的分数加起来看看你能得 多少分。 (1)add sth.up 把??加起来 add sth.to sth. 把??加到/进??里 add up to 加起来共计/达(不用于被动语态) add to 增加; 增添 add that... 补充说?? (2)in addition 另外 in addition to 除??之外 ①Add up all the expenses and you’ll find that you cannot afford the trip. 把所有的费用加起来, 你会发现你负担不起旅游费用。 ②Please add some sugar to the milk to make it more delicious.请在牛奶里加些糖使牛奶更美 味。 ——单句改错 (1)The money he spent within a month was added up to more than 1,000 dollars.去掉 was (2)The official expressed great concern over the food safety, added that the government would

take more measures to prevent such case happening again.added→adding (3)The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather added up to the helplessness of the crew at sea.去掉 up 7.go through 经历; 经受; 仔细检查; 完成; 用完; 浏览; 查看; (法案)通过 (教材 P2)Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? 或者害怕你的朋友嘲笑你, 或者不理解你正经历的事情? ——写出下列句中 go through 的含义 (1)I always start the day by going through my emails. 查看 (2)(2015· 湖南高考单项填空)As you go through this book, you will find that each of the millions of people who lived through World War Ⅱ had a different experience.读完 (3)It’s love and responsibility that have driven him to go through many hardships and survive.经 受; 经历 (4)The bill(法案) might have gone through if the economy was growing.(法案)通过 go against 违背; 违反 go by 逝去; 过去 go on 继续; 进行; 发生 go out 出去; 熄灯 go over 复习; 仔细检查 go up 上涨; 上升; 攀登 ——用 go 的相关短语填空 (1)(2014· 四川高考书面表达)Our teacher chose many important exercises for us, and I went_over the language points at the same time. (2)Life isn’t meant to be easy and you have to go_through some pain to learn the skills to move forward. (3)The two brothers both went_against their father’s will, which made him very upset. (4)A year went_by,_but I didn’t hear from him. 8. get along with与??相处; 进展 (教材 P6)I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. 我跟我们班的一个男生相处得很好。 get across 讲清楚; (使)被领会 get down to 认真做; 开始着手做 get over 克服; 熬过 get rid of 消灭; 摆脱; 除掉 get through (电话)接通; 用完; 通过 ①(2015· 福建高考单项填空)While the students came from different countries, they got along quite well in the summer camp.尽管学生们来自不同的国家, 他们在夏令营相处得非常好。 ②I wonder if you are getting along well with your English now?我想知道你现在英语是否学 得好? ——用介、副词填空 (1)Since we all live under one roof, we should learn how to get along well with each other. (2)Our teacher is clever, but not very good at getting his ideas across. (3)Believe in yourself. You are sure to get over the present difficulty. (4)I dialed the number for many times, but it couldn’t get through. 1. (教材 P1)While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 遛狗的时候, 你太大意了, 一松手, 狗就被车撞了。

while walking...相当于 while you were walking...。 当 when, while, before, after, unless, as if 等 引导的状语从句中的主语与主句主语一致, 或状语从句的主语为 it 且谓语动词是 be 动词的 某种形式时, 从句中可省略主语和 be 动词。 ①While you are crossing the street, you should be careful.=While crossing the street, you should be careful. 过马路时, 你应当小心。 ②(2015· 北京高考单项填空)If accepted for the job, you will be informed soon. 如果你被录取做这份工作,你很快就会接到通知。 [基础练习]——单句语法填空 (1)While travelling(travel) in Europe, he found many interesting things and experienced different cultures. (2)When asked(ask) about the secret of his success, he said that he owed much of his success and happiness to his wife and children. [能力提升]——句型转换 (3)If it is necessary, you should turn to your parents for help. →If_necessary,_you should turn to your parents for help. 2. (教材 P2)She and her family hid away for nearly twentyfive months before they were discovered. 她与家人躲藏了将近二十五个月后才被抓住。 before conj.用来表示从句动作发生之前的时间, 译法灵活。 (1)强调从句动作发生在主句之前, 意为“不等??就??”。 (2)在“It+be+时间段+before 从句”中, 意为“??之后才??”。 (3)在“It+be+否定形式+long+before 从句”中, 意为“??不久就??”。 (4)在特定的情景中, 意为“趁着??”。 ①(2014· 陕西高考语法和词汇知识)The young couple, who returned my lost wallet, left before I could ask for their names.归还我丢失的钱包的年轻夫妇, 我还没来得及问他们的名字, 他 们就已经离开了。 ②John thinks it won’t be long before he is ready for his new job.约翰认为他不久就会为新工作 做好准备。 “It be+一段时间+since 引导状语从句”表示“自从??(到现在)有多长时间了”。 ——单句语法填空 (1)Although the hurricane has gone, it will be months before the damage is cleared up. (2)—How did you pass the challenging test? —It was a long time before I found a series of suitable methods. (3)As far as I know, it is five years since he joined the army. 3. (教材 P2)I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门, 所以我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂 热。 (1)本句为“it is/was...that/who...”强调句型。 基本结构如下: 基本句式 一般疑问句 It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他部分 Is/Was it+被强调部分+that/who+其他部分

特殊疑问句 疑问词+is/was it+that+其他部分(若放于宾语从句位置应使用陈述语序) (2)not...until...句型的强调句结构为: It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其他部分①It was because he behaved so badly that he was punished by his teacher.是因为他表现太差才受到 了老师的惩罚。 ②Was it because he behaved badly that he was punished by his teacher?是因为他表现太差而

受到老师的惩罚吗? ③Why was it that he was punished by his teacher? 他到底因为什么而受到了老师的惩罚? [基础练习]——单句语法填空 (1)(2015· 湖南高考单项填空)It was when we were returning home that I realized what a good feeling it was to have helped someone in trouble. (2)I wonder what it is that makes him so excited. [能力提升]——一句多译 直到我遇到你以后, 我才体会到真正的幸福。 (3)I didn’t_know_real_happiness_until I met you. (4)It_was_not_until_I_met_you_that I knew real happiness.(强调句) (5)Not until I met you did_I_know_real_happiness.(倒装句)

Ⅰ 单句语法填空 1.He is such a clever man that he always holds everything in his ____________(powerful). 答案:power 2.I think that it is hard for him ____________(settle) the problem by himself. 答案:to settle 3.They ____________(agree) to my proposal at the beginning, but I persuaded them finally. 答案:disagreed 4.Every day, I set my feelings ____________on the blog, which is my hobby. 答案:down 5.He arrived at his hometown, tired and ____________(dust), on Sunday night. 答案:dusty 6.At the beginning of the project, Paul made it clear that he would be ____________(entire) in control. 答案:entirely 7.My brother went to ____________(German) for higher education. 答案:Germany 8.(2014· 湖南高考单项填空)Children, when ____________(accompany) by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium. 答案:accompanied 9.There was once a time ____________women had no right to vote. 答案:when 10.When you hunt for a job, it is not your book knowledge but your experience ____________ matters more. 答案:that Ⅱ 单句改错 1.What worried us most is that mother suffered bad heart disease.suffered 后加 from 2.It’s no pleasure look through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.look→looking 3.Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard make good friends with them.make 前加 to 4.It is your attitude towards it which matters. We should take the advantages and avoid some bad effects.which→that 5.It was raining cats and dogs, thus added their difficulty in transporting the supplies to the earthquakestricken areas.added→adding 6.I’d be very grateful if you tell me some tip on how to learn English.tip→tips

Ⅲ 完成句子 1.________________________(我们首先关心的) is the car’s safety performance, when we purchase a car. 答案:What we are concerned about first 2.________________________(在那家工厂工作时), he made many friends. 答案:While working in that factory 3.That was the last time that he ____________________(与他父亲面对面地谈话). 答案:had talked with his father face to face 4.____________________(厌倦了) staying indoors for days, we are longing to go out and relax ourselves. 答案:Having got tired of 5.________________(为了) make more money, he decided to move to Shanghai and work there. 答案:In order to 6.I wonder if ________________________(是因为我的粗心) that Mr.Smith was angry. 答案:it was because I was careless 7.____________________(那是第一次) the boy had gone home alone. 答案:It was the first time that 8.____________________(曾经有段时期) he was so crazy about pop songs. 答案:There was a time when 【写作素材】 根据要求运用本单元所学知识完成下面小作文, 并背诵成文。 1.要想拥有朋友, 你必须做一个诚实的人。 (in order to; have got to) 2.首先最好加入一些俱乐部并多参加活动以结识陌生人。 (join; join in) 3.其次, 一旦你有了朋友, 要学会去关心他们。(be concerned about) 4.在任何时候都不要忽视他们。(ignore) 5.最后但同样重要的是, 要和他们好好相处, 并经常和他们交流。(get along with) 【连句成篇】 (将以上句子连成一篇英语短文) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: In order to have friends, you have got to be an honest person. First, you’d better join some clubs and join in some activities to meet strangers. Second, once you have friends, try to be concerned about them. Don’t ignore them at any time. Last but not least, you should get along well with them and often communicate with them. Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.All products have to go ____________five checks in the whole process. 答案:through 2.(2015· 天津高考单项填空)We need to get to the root of the problem ____________ we can solve it. 答案:before 3.His angry expression suggested he ____________(agree) with the decision. 答案:disagreed 4.____________(suffer) such a heavy loss, the boss didn’t have the courage to go on with his business. 答案:Having suffered 5.There is no sense ____________(upset) yourself about it now. Look forward and everything will be all right. 答案:upsetting

6.(2014· 天津高考书面表达)In ____________(add), every student can be in harmony with foreign friends, which makes it easy for you to get along with them. 答案:addition 7.With many problems ____________(settle), the newly elected chairman couldn’t sleep well at night. 答案:to settle 8.He asked several questions ____________(concern) the future of the company. 答案:concerning 9.—Have you finished your experiment report, Jane? —Oh, my God. I’ve ____________(entire) forgotten all about that. 答案:entirely 10.It was the third time that she ____________(call) you in a week. 答案:had called Ⅱ.阅读理解 I met my friend when we were in graduate school, and we enjoyed hanging out together outside of class. After receiving our degrees, we both left school to live in different states. That was 10 years ago. We’ve kept in touch, but our phone conversations and twiceayear visits became opportunities for my friend to talk endlessly about her problems. When I tried to fill her in on my own life, she obviously ignored. In the past few years I’ve not visited her at all and been afraid of her occasional phone calls and visits to my house. She invites herself now because I no longer invite her. When she’s at my home, she literally follows me from room to room, talking nonstop, until I make an excuse to get away from her. I tell her I need to take a nap, but I don’t sleep. I sit in my room and read or enjoy the quiet. Here’s the worst part. She and her family, including two young children, are moving to our city. Her family has a small income, and they are buying a house in a grand neighborhood they can’t afford. She asked if she and her husband and her children could stay at my home on their trips to our town to deal with house matters. My husband and I have no children. Even though our home is tiny and perfectly sized for us, I let them stay. She told me her husband would start his new job before they finished purchasing this house. I felt obligated to offer her our guest room. If I hadn’t offered, she would have asked anyway. Now he’s here, and it turns out he’ll be staying on through the weekends. I am seething. I would never under any circumstances impose on(把??加于) a friendship this way. I feel used, resentful, and don’t care if I ever see her again. Should I end this friendship?I’m getting absolutely nothing from it but a knot in my stomach. 【解题导语】 本文为夹叙夹议文。作者通过讲述自己和朋友之间的故事,引发读者对友谊 的思考。 1.Every time they got in touch, the author’s friend ________. A.had little to share with the author B.was eager to know about the author’s life C.expressed her contentment with her own life D.showed no interest in listening to the author’s story D 解析: 细节理解题。 根据第二段最后一句“When I tried to fill her in on my own life, she obviously ignored”可知答案。 ignore “不予理睬,忽视”。 2.The author is afraid of her friend’s phone calls and visits because ________. A.she is engaged in her own life B.she hates her friend’s nonstop talking C.her friend always borrows money from her D.her friend always wants to show off before her B 解析: 细节理解题。 根据第三段中的“she literally follows me from room to room, talking nonstop...I tell her I need to take a nap,but I don’t sleep. I sit in my room and read or enjoy the

quiet”可知, 作者很烦朋友的唠唠叨叨。 3.We can know from the text that the author ________. A.is a selfish and jealous woman B.has a larger house than her friend C.has more children than her friend D.is unwilling to share her house with her friend D 解析: 推理判断题。 根据第五段最后两句“I felt obligated to offer her our guest room. If I hadn’t offered, she would have asked anyway”可知答案。 4.What is the author ’s attitude towards their friendship? A.Favorable. B.Appreciative. C.Dissatisfied. D.Indifferent. C 解析: 推理判断题。 通过全文, 尤其是最后一段“I would never under any circumstances impose on (把??加于)a friendship this way. I feel used, resentful, and don’t care if I ever see her again. Should I end this friendship? I’m getting absolutely nothing from it but a knot in my stomach”可知, 作者对这份友谊很不满意、很烦。 Ⅲ.完形填空 (2016· 石家庄二模)Last year, I was assigned to work at an office near my mother’s house.__1__, I stayed with her for a month. During that time, I helped her out with the housework and contributed to the__2__. After a week, I started to__3__the groceries were running out pretty quickly.__4__, I began observing my mother’s daily routine for two weeks. To my__5__, I found she would pack a paper bag full of canned goods and__6__every morning at about nine. She took the food to the slums(贫民窟) and distributed it to street__7__. I asked around and __8__ my mum was popular in the area. The kids looked up to her as if she were their own mother. Then it hit me—why didn’t she want to tell me about what she’d been doing?Was she__9__that I would stop buying the groceries if I knew the truth? When she got home, I told her about my discovery and __10__she could react, I gave her a big hug and told her she didn’t need to keep it a __11__from me. She told me that __12__of the children lived with an old lady in a makeshift home while others__13__on the streets. For years, my mum had been helping out by__14__whatever food she could__15__.I was so moved by how __16__she was. She used what was__17__for her to help others in need. And I was so__18__of her. I__19__ to buy groceries for my mum. But now, I always add a(n)__20__bag for her other children. 【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文, 主要讲述了“我”利用工作便利和妈妈待了一段时间, 在此期间发现了她的秘密——她一直尽力帮助一些需要帮助的人。 “我”感动之余, 也开 始和她一起继续这一善举。 1.A.However B.Moreover C.Therefore D.Otherwise C 解析: however 意为“然而”; moreover 意为“而且”; therefore 意为“因此”; otherwise 意为“否则”。 根据上句可知, 由于“我”在妈妈家附近上班, 因此和她待了 一个月。 故 C 项正确。 2.A.cans B.groceries C.goods D.bags B 解析: 根据第二段第一句中的“ I started to______the groceries were running out pretty quickly.”可知, 此处指的是“我”帮助妈妈做家务并增添了一些日用品。 故 B 项正确。 3.A.ignore B.understand C.complain D.notice D 解析:ignore 意为“忽视”;understand 意为“理解”;complain 意为“抱怨”;notice 意为“注意到”。 根据下文“I began observing my mother’s daily routine for two weeks.”可 知, “我”注意到了日用品用得很快。 故 D 项正确。 4.A.Confused B.Embarrassed

C.Moved D.Annoyed A 解析: confused 意为“困惑的”; embarrassed 意为“尴尬的”; moved 意为“感动 的”; annoyed 意为“恼怒的”。 根据语境可知, “我”注意到了日用品用得快, 但不 明白怎么回事, 于是“我”很困惑, 开始观察妈妈的日常活动。 故 A 项正确。 5.A.delight B.relief C.surprise D.regret C 解析: delight 意为“高兴”; relief 意为“宽慰”; surprise 意为“惊奇”; regret 意为“遗憾”。 根据语境可知, 让“我”惊奇的是, 她每天在纸袋里装满罐装食品。 故 C 项正确。 6.A.work out B.head out C.clean up D.get up B 解析: work out 意为“解决, 算出”; head out 意为“朝??行进”; clean up 意为 “清理”; get up 意为“起床”。 由语境可知, 她每天在纸袋里装满罐装食品, 大概早 晨九点就出门了。 故 B 项正确。 7.A.children B.strangers C.passersby D.artists A 解析: 根据下文“The kids looked up to her...”可知, 她把那些食品分给了孩子们。 故 A 项正确。 8.A.made sure B.let out C.pointed out D.found out D 解析: make sure 意为“确保”; let out 意为“放出, 泄露”; point out 意为“指出”; find out 意为“发现, 查明”。 根据语境可知, “我”在周围打听, 发现妈妈在这里很 受欢迎。 故 D 项正确。 9.A.angry B.hopeless C.worried D.frightened C 解析: angry 意为“生气的”; hopeless 意为“无望的”; worried 意为“担忧的”; frightened 意为“害怕的”。 根据上文可知, 妈妈的行踪对“我”是保密的, 因此可推知, 她担心“我”知道真相后会阻止她。 故 C 项正确。 10.A.once B.before C.until D.after B 解析: 根据语境可知, “我”告诉了她“我”的发现, 还没等她反应过来“我”就 给了她一个大大的拥抱。 before 意为“在??之前”, 符合语境。 故 B 项正确。 11.A.secret B.surprise C.gift D.reminder A 解析: 根据上文语境可知, 妈妈一直没告诉“我”这件事, 所以“我”告诉她不必 对“我”隐瞒此事。 故 A 项正确。 12.A.few B.all C.any D.some D 解析: 根据句中“while others______on the streets”可知, 一些孩子和一位老人住在临时 搭建的屋子里, 然而其他孩子睡在街上。 故 D 项正确。 13.A.lay B.ate C.slept D.played C 解析: 根据本句中的“lived with an old lady in a makeshift home”可推知, 另外一些孩子 睡在街上。 故 C 项正确。 14.A.giving B.collecting C.receiving D.selling A 解析: 根据第二段最后一句“She took the food to the slums(贫民窟) and distributed it...” 可知, 这些年来妈妈一直通过给他们日用品来帮助他们。 故 A 项正确。 15.A.lend B.spare C.afford D.bring B 解析: lend 意为“借出”; spare 意为“节省”; afford 意为“提供, 给予”; bring

意为“带来”。 根据上文语境可知, 妈妈尽量将食物节省下来, 尽其所能给他们提供帮 助。 故 B 项正确。 16.A.curious B.ambitious C.faithful D.selfless D 解析:curious 意为“好奇的”;ambitious 意为“有雄心的”;faithful 意为“忠实的”; selfless 意为“无私的”。 根据上文可知, “我”因妈妈的无私而感动。 故 D 项正确。 17.A.meant B.cooked C.borrowed D.sold A 解析: 根据上文语境可知, 妈妈用本来为自己准备的东西去帮助那些需要帮助的人。 be meant for 意为“本应为??”。 故 A 项正确。 18.A.tired B.fond C.scared D.proud D 解析: 根据语境可知, “我”为妈妈的举动感到自豪。 故 D 项正确。 19.A.refuse B.long C.continue D.agree C 解析: refuse 意为“拒绝”; long 意为“渴望”; continue 意为“继续”; agree 意 为“同意”。 根据下句可知, “我”继续给妈妈买日用品。 故 C 项正确。 20.A.large B.extra C.beautiful D.empty B 解析: large 意为“大的”; extra 意为“额外的”; beautiful 意为“漂亮的”; empty 意为“空的”。 根据“for her other children”可知, “我”又买了额外的一包日用品给孩子 们。 故 B 项正确。 Ⅳ.语法填空 (2016· 沈阳质量监测)As an old English saying goes, “Honesty is the best policy.”It is more than an old cliche(陈词滥调), but 1.____________ good way to live your life. First, honesty is the 2.____________(easy) choice that we can make. When people get caught in lies, it always costs them something. Many relationships are destroyed by lies. Second, honesty gives us much 3.____________(free). Many people believe that being honest limits them in life, but that is not true. Sooner or later those dishonest people 4.____________(pay) a price for their acts; on the contrary, when we are honest, we are 5.____________(true) free. If there were two people 6.____________(stand) before you, a person with a record of being honest and a person 7.____________ is known to be dishonest, who would you be more likely 8.____________(believe)? I’m sure most people would side with the honest person. 9.____________ we live in the truth or we live in lies. The truth sets us free and lies leave us in nothing but more troubles. Honesty is a choice that we make each day. The choice is 10.____________(you). What will you choose? 【解题导语】 本文是一篇议论文, 论述了“诚实是上策”这一观点。 1.a 解析: 考查冠词。 此处表示泛指“一种好方法”, 因此填不定冠词 a。 2.easiest 解析: 考查形容词最高级。 根据空前的冠词 the 可知, 此处应填其最高级形 式 easiest。 3.freedom 解析: 考查名词。 根据 give sb.sth.的结构可知, 此处应填 free 的名词形式 freedom。 4.will pay 解析: 考查时态。 sooner or later“迟早”, 根据其意思可知, 该空应用一 般将来时。 5.truly 解析: 考查副词。 修饰形容词应用副词, 因此此处应该填 true 的副词形式。 6.standing 解析: 考查非谓语动词。 此空在“If there were two people”后, 说明要用非 谓语动词; people 与 stand 之间为主谓关系, 因此用现在分词 standing。 7.who/that 解析: 考查定语从句。 先行词为“person”, 因此应该用关系代词 who 或 that 引导定语从句。 8.to believe 解析: 考查非谓语动词。 be likely to do 为固定搭配。 9.Either 解析: 考查连词。 根据固定结构 either...or...“要么??要么??”可知, 此 处应填 Either。

10.yours 解析: 考查代词。 这就是你的选择。 此处用名词性物主代词 yours 作表语, 指代“your choice”。


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