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高中外研版英语必修三课件:Module+1+Section+Ⅳ+Other+Parts+of+the+Module_图文

Section Ⅳ

Other_Parts_of_the_Module

[原文呈现] The European Union①
What Is the European Union? The European Union is an organisation of European countries. The countries are independent and are governed in different ways.
③ ②

[读文清障]
①the European Union 欧盟 ②independent adj. 独立的 ③govern/'ɡ?vn/vt. 统治;治理 government n.政府 governor n.统治者

[原文呈现] [读文清障] In the United Kingdom, for ④head/hed/n. 领袖;领导人 ④ example, the head of state ⑤on the other hand 另一方面; 反过来说
is a king or queen. In France, on the other hand⑤ ,
on the one hand 一方面 ⑥representative/?reprI'zent?tIv/n. 代表

the head of state is a ⑦parliament/'pɑ?l?m?nt/n. 国会;议会 president. But each of them ⑧which 引导非限制性定语从句,which sends representatives⑥ to 不能用 that 来代替。 the European Parliament⑦, 在从句中作主语, which has some control over what happens⑧ in each of the member countries.
的宾语从句,作 over 的宾语,其中 what 在宾语从句中作主语。

该定语从句中又包含一个 what 引导

[原文呈现] How Did It Start⑨

[读文清障]

The idea of the European ⑨start v.开始,发起,创建 Union began in the 1950s⑩. ⑩in the 1950s 在 20 世纪 50 年代 The first members were
?little by little 一点点地;逐渐地 ?increase v.增加 其 后 可 接 介 词 by( 增 加 了 ) 或 to(增加到)。

France, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Italy. Little by little ? , the number increased
?

during the second half of the

[原文呈现]
twentieth century. By ? the year 2000, there were 15 member countries. The new countries were Austria, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. How Many Countries Belong to?It Now?

[读文清障]
?by 在此处表示“到;截 止到……为止” ?belong to 属于 此短语不用于被动语态 或进行时态。

[原文呈现] In 2004, the European Union increased to 25 members. The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, plus? the Mediterranean islands of Cyprus and Malta all became members. The expanded ? European Union has a population of ? more than ? half a billion people, twice as big as the population of the United States?.

[读文清障] ?plus prep.加上
?expanded 为过去分词作定语。 (表 示被动或动作已完成) ?have a population of 有……人口 ?more than 多于;超过 ?twice as big as ...……的两倍大, 此处相当于 which is twice as big as ... 倍数表达法: 倍数词+as ... as ...; 倍数词+比较级+than ...;倍数 词+the +n.+of ...

欧盟 欧盟是什么? 欧盟是欧洲各国的一个组织。这些国家是独立的,并且 它们用不同的方式管理。例如,英国的国家元首是国王或女 王。另一方面,法国的国家元首是总统。但每个国家都向欧 洲议会派遣代表,该议会对每个成员国所发生的事情都有一 定的控制力。

欧盟是如何创建的? 创建欧盟这一想法始于 20 世纪 50 年代。最初的成员国有 法国、联邦德国、比利时、卢森堡、荷兰和意大利。在 20 世纪 后半叶,成员国的数量逐渐增加。到 2000 年,发展到 15 个成 员国。新的成员国有奥地利、丹麦、芬兰、希腊、爱尔兰、葡 萄牙、西班牙、瑞典和英国。

欧盟现在有多少个成员国? 2004 年, 欧盟扩展到 25 个成员国。 捷克共和国、 爱沙尼亚、 匈牙利、拉脱维亚、立陶宛、波兰、斯洛伐克共和国、斯洛文 尼亚再加上地中海的塞浦路斯和马耳他都成了欧盟成员国。扩 大后的欧盟拥有五亿多人口,是美国人口的两倍。

Read the text in “Cultural Corner” quickly and choose the best answers. 1.Which of the following is RIGHT about the European Union? A.An organisation of different cities. B.An independent country governed by the queen. C.An organisation of European countries. 2.Which of the following countries does NOT belong to the first members of the European Union? A.France. B.Lebanon. C.Belgium.

3.How many members are there in the European Union in the year 2000? A.9. B.15. C.6.

4.What’s the population of the United States? A.0.5 billion. B.0.25 billion. C.1 billion.

答案:1~4

CBBB

一、这样记单词
记得准· 写得对
Ⅰ.基础词汇 1. opposite prep. 2. sign vt. 3. whereabouts 4. head n. 5. parliament n. 6. region n. 7. feature n. adv. 在……对面 签署 在哪里 领袖;领导人 国会;议会 地区;区域 特点

Ⅱ.拓展词汇 1. agreement n.协议;契约→agree v.同意→disagree v.不同

意→disagreement n.不同意 2. govern vt.统治;治理→government n.政府 3. representative n.代表 adj.典型的,有代表性的→represent v. 代表;作为……的代言人 4. geographical adj.地理的→geography n.地理(学);地理环境 5. produce n. 产品; 农产品→product n. 产品→production n. 生 产;产量

记得快· 记得多

1.opposite prep.在……对面;相对的,相反的,对面的 [记法] 立的 2.sign vt.签署 [形近] ①signal 信号 ②sing 唱歌 ④sigh 叹息,叹气 oppose (反对) + ite (形容词后缀) → 反对的,对

③design 设计 ⑤sight 视力,景象

3.parliament n.国会;议会 [联想] 后缀ment 名词集锦 ②agreement 协议;契约 ④experiment 实验

①development 发展 ③encouragement 鼓励 4.feature n.特点 [形近] ①feather 羽毛

②further 进一步的(地)

③farther 更远的(地)

二、这样记短语 记牢固定短语

1. refer to 2. in terms of 3. compared with 4. on the other hand 5. little by little 6. belong to 7. increase to 8.have a population of

指的是…… 据……;依照 和……相比 另一方面;反过来说 一点点地;逐渐地 属于 增加到 有……人口

多积常用词块
1.Whereabouts is ...? 2.the European Union ……在什么地方? 欧盟

3.be governed in different ways 用不同的方式管理 4.the European Parliament 欧洲议会

5.have some control over what happens 对发生的事有一定的控制力 6.member countries 成员国

7.the population of the United States 美国的人口

三、这样记句式

先背熟 1.... has some control
over what happens in each of member countries. …… 对 每 个 成 员 国 所发生的事情都有 一定的控制力。

再悟通

后仿用

I want to know what the what 引导的宾语 _______________ he is busy doing now.
从句。

我想知道他现在正忙 于什么。

先背熟
2.The expanded European Union has a population of more than half a billion people, twice as big as the population of the United States. 扩大后的欧盟拥有五亿多

再悟通
倍数表达

后仿用

法,即“... This tree is three times as tall as 倍 数 + as ______________ that one. +形容词 这棵树是那棵的三 或副词的 倍高。 原 级 +

人口, 是美国人口的两倍。 as ...”。

1.(教材 P4) opposite prep.在……对面 adj.相反的 n.相反的事物; 对立的人(或物) adv.在对面 (1)be opposite to (2)oppose v. be opposed to 在……对面;与……相反 反对 反对

①The medicine will have an opposite effect on her health. 这种药对她的健康会产生相反的作用。 ②The two heads’ opinions are opposite to 这两位领导人的意见相左。 ③He tends to get angry when people oppose (opposite) to his plan. 别人反对他的意见时,他很容易生气。 ④He is strongly opposed (oppose) to giving casual holidays. 他坚决反对无故临时放假。 each other.

2.(教材 P7)Do we know how many people the third sentence refers to? 我们知道第三个句子提到了几个人吗? refer to 提到,谈到,涉及;参考,查阅;指的是 写出下列句中 refer to 的含义 ①She referred to the landmark in her report. ②Can we refer to our textbooks when we are in the exam?
提到 参考

③When I was saying the paper, I wasn’ t referring to the agreement.
指的是
涉及

④The new law does not refer to the land used for farming.

[名师点津]

(1)refer to 短语中 to 是介词,后可接名词、代

词或动名词,不接动词不定式。 (2)常见的 to 为介词的动词短语还有: ①stick to ②object to ③pay attention to ④look forward to 坚持 反对 注意 期待

3.(教材 P7)France and Germany aren’t going to sign the agreement. 法国和德国不打算签署这个协议。 sign vt.签署;签名 征兆,迹象 写出下列句中 sign 的含义 ①In the agreement I saw his name sign in larger letter by chance. 签署 ②The son used sign language to tell his mother what happened. vi.打手势,示意 n.手势;符号;招牌;

手势

③The letter shows no sign that the Americans have softened their position. ④The sign on the bus read “Private: Not In Service”. ⑤You’ve left out a plus sign. (1)sign (to sb.) to do sth. sign in/out sign up (for) (2)a sign of ... 打手势(让某人)做某事 签到/签退 报名参加 ……的迹象;征兆
迹象 标牌 符号

⑥She signed to the children to be 她示意孩子们安静下来。

(be) quiet.

⑦For safety reasons, please sign in when you arrive at the building, and sign out when you leave. 基于安全考虑,请在抵达大楼时签到,离去时签退。

[巧学助记]

agreement n.[C] 协议;契约[U](意见等的)一致;赞成;同意 (1)make/reach/come to/arrive at an agreement 达成协议 sign an agreement (2)agree v. agree with 签署协议 同意,赞成 同意(意见、看法等); (食物、天气、工作、水等) 适合某人;与……一致 agree to sth. agree on agree to do sth. 同意(计划、建议、决定等) 就某事达成一致意见 同意做某事

①He insisted on writing the agreement down in black and white. 他坚持要把契约白纸黑字地写下来。 ②It is reported that they signed an agreement (agree) about education. 据报道他们签署了一项关于教育的协议。 ③The two cities have reached/made/come to/arrived at an agreement to develop science and technology. 这两个城市就发展科学技术达成了一项协议。 ④I agree with what you say. 我同意你说的。

[名师点津]

(1)后接表示人的名词或代词时, 一般只用 agree with。

(2)agree 不能接不定式的复合结构,所以汉语的 “ 同意某人做某 事”,不能直译为 agree sb. to do sth., 而应根据情况改用其他 结构: 他们同意我去。 正:They agreed to let me go. 正:They agreed to my going. 误:They agreed me to go.

4.(教材 P9) In terms of size and population, how big is the European Union compared with China? 就面积和人口来说,与中国相比,欧盟有多大? in terms of 按照……;就……而言 in the long term in the short term 从长远来看 就眼前来看

be on good/friendly/bad terms (with sb.) (与某人)关系好/坏

①In terms of population, China is the largest country in the world. 就人口而言,中国是世界上最多的国家。 ②Even small improvements can make a great difference in the

long term __________.
从长远看,即使很小的改善也能引起一个很大的差异。 ③All of my roommates are on good terms with each other. 我的室友们关系都很好。

[名师点津]

in terms of 是高考中的高频短语,属于“in+n.

+ of”结构。类似的短语还有: ①in need of ③in honor of 需要 为了纪念 ②in place of ④in case of 代替,取代 如果,假使

compared with/to 与……相比较(常在句中作状语) (1)compare A with B compare A to (2)comparison n. B 把 A 和 B 进行比较 把 A 比作 B 比较

①Compared with/to him, I’m just a beginner. 和他相比,我只是一个初学者。 ②Shakespeare compared the world to a stage. 莎士比亚曾把世界比作舞台。

③ Compared (compare) with many women, she was very fortunate. 和许多女人相比,她算是很幸运的了。 ④This book is funny and easy to understand in comparison (compare). 相比较来说,这本书很有趣而且容易理解。

5.(教材 P9) Little by little, the number increased during the second half of the twentieth century. 在 20 世纪后半叶,成员国的数量逐渐增多。 little by little 逐渐地;一点点地 ①He’ll learn Chinese little by little. 他会逐渐掌握汉语。 ② Little by little we began to get to know him.

渐渐地我们开始了解他。

[名师点津]

与 little by little 有类似结构的短语还有: 一年年地 一个接一个地 一点一点地 逐步地 肩并肩

①year by year ②one by one ③bit by bit ④step by step ⑤side by side

6.(教材 P9) How Many Countries belong to It Now? 欧盟现在有多少个成员国? belong to 属于;是……的成员 ①The island belongs to Spain. 这个小岛隶属于西班牙。 ②He belongs (belong) to the golf club.

他是高尔夫俱乐部的成员。 [名师点津] (1)belong to 中的 to 是介词, 后面接名词、 代词等。

(2)belong to 不用于被动语态,也不用于进行时。 ③—a. The house is belonging to my brother.(×) ③—b. The house is belonged to my brother.(×) ③—c. The house belongs to my brother.(√) 这房子是我哥哥的。

1 . But each of them sends representatives to the European Parliament, which has some control over what happens in each of the member countries. 但是每个国家都向欧洲议会派遣代表,该议会对每个成员国 所发生的事情都有一定的控制力。 句中 what happens in each of the member countries 为 what 引导的宾语从句,作介词 over 的宾语。what 常用来引导名 词性从句,即主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。 what 在引导名词性从句时有两个重要的特点:

(1) 它在相应的名词性从句中有一定的意义,常表示“什么”、 “所……的”、“……的样子”等。 (2)它在相应的名词性从句中作句子成分,而且常作主语、宾语或 表语。 ①What was once regarded as impossible has now become a reality. 过去认为不可能的事现在已经变成现实。 ②No one can tell what will happen next . 没人能够预见往后会发生什么。

③This book is just what

I have been looking for.

这本书正是我一直在找寻的那本书。 [名师点津] that 也可以引导名词性从句,但 that 引导名词性从

句时仅起连接作用,无实际意义,在从句中不作任何句子成分。 ④What worried her was that her son was addicted to computer games. 让她担心的是她儿子沉迷于电脑游戏。

2.The expanded European Union has a population of more than half a billion people, twice as big as the population of the United States. 扩大后的欧盟拥有五亿多人口,是美国人口的两倍。 句中的 twice as big as ...是一种倍数表达方式。 倍数表达法的三 种基本形式为: (1) ...倍数+as+形容词或副词的原级+as ... ①Asia is four times as big as Europe. 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。

(2) ...倍数+形容词或副词的比较级+than ... ②Asia is four times bigger 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。 (3) ...倍数+the size/length/width/height/depth of ... ③Asia is four times the size of 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。 [名师点津] 英语中,用 twice 或 double 表示两倍;三倍及三倍 Europe. (big) than Europe.

以上用 times, 如 three times, four times。

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.I have examined all the documents referring (refer) to the matter. 2.Hot is opposite to cold. 3.Many students signed up for the 800meterlong race in the sports meeting to be held next week.

4.The two sides have finally reached an agreement (agree), though some small differences still exist. 5.Many developed countries have agreed to help (help) the less developed ones but it remains to be seen whether they will take action or not. 6.It is difficult to find a satisfying job today. This job is great in terms of salary, but it has some disadvantages. 7.Little by little, the wind died down and people began to appear on the street. 8. Compared (compare) with a quite ordinary star, like the sun, the earth is small indeed.

Ⅱ.完成句子 1. Little by little , his eyes adjusted to the light. 逐渐地,他的眼睛适应了光线。 2.Which of the two techniques is better in terms of application? 就应用而言,这两种技术哪一种更好? 3.Just compare the room that has been cleaned with the others. 把打扫过的房间与其他的作比较。 4.The teacher often tells us the future belongs to us . 老师经常告诉我们未来属于我们。

5.If you don’t know what it means, refer to the dictionary . 如果你不知道它的意思,可以查字典。 6.The house opposite ours was burnt down last night. 我们家对面的房子昨晚烧毁了。 7.Do not put off till tomorrow what you can do today . 今天可以干好的事情绝不要拖到明天。 8.The big stone is

three times as heavy

as that one.

这块大石头的重量是那块的三倍。

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