1. survey n. 调查，测验 v. 调查
do/ make a survey of sth 调查某事
⑴ The reporter made a survey of river pollution.
⑵ We did a survey of what movies the students like watching.
⑶ According to the survey, exercises are good to health.
2. add up/ add…up 把…加起来 add up to 加起来总数为… add A to B 把A加到B add to 增加，增添
⑴ Please add up these numbers. please add these numbers up.
⑵ Add up your scores and see how many points you can get.
 These numbers add up to 500. 这些数字加起来总数为500。  If you add some milk to coffee, coffee will taste better.
如果你给咖啡里加一些牛奶，咖啡的味道会更好。  The bad weather added to our difficulties.
坏天气增加了我们的困难。  Her illness added to the family’s trouble.
add some honey ______  please ______ the tea. to added up to  To make sure the result was correct, she _________ the numbers again and again.
 The bad news _______________ added up to his sadness.  The bills ____________ add up to exactly 100 dollars.
3. upset adj. 心烦意乱的；不安的 vt. 使不安，使心烦
upset sb 使某人心烦，使某人不安 be upset at/ about… 因…而心烦意乱 ⑴ Tom had many troubles and felt upset.
⑵ the bad news upset me .
⑶ Linda was very upset about losing her job.
4. ignore vt. 不理睬，忽视
⑴ I said hello to her but she ignored me.
⑵ Don’t ignore small mistakes, they may cause big accidents.
⑶ Mary ignored the warning and put his hand into the lion’s cage.
5. calm vt/vi. 使平静，使镇定 adj. 平静的，镇静的
calm down 镇静，平静 calm sb down 使某人镇静 keep/ stay calm 保持平静，保持镇静
⑴ We tried to calm him down, but he kept crying.
⑵ Listening to music can make you calm down.
⑶ we should keep/ stay calm when we are in danger.
6. Concern vt. 担忧，涉及 n. 担心，关注
be concerned about = be worried about
As far as I concerned = in my opinion
⑴ Her parents are concerned about her study.
⑵ As far as I am concerned, the plan will not work.
7. go through
go through a hard time go through the newspaper go through the baggage go through the door go through the exam 经历一段困难时期 浏览报纸 检查行李 通过门 通过考试
 These countries have gone through too many wars.
 the teacher went through all the students’ homework. 老师检查了所有学生的作业。  Go through the text from the beginning. 从头浏览了一遍课文。
 Only a few students went through the English test. 只有几个学生通过了考试。
8. set down 记下，放下，登记
 why don’t you set your ideas down on paper?
 I’ll set you down at the bus stop.
 Set down your heavy bags and have a rest.
9. outdoors adv. 在户外，在野外
outdoor adj. 户外的，露天的
indoor adj. 室内的
indoors adv. 在室内
indoor/outdoor sports 室内/户外运动
indoor/outdoor swimming pool
 Though it was cold outside, the children play outdoors.
 Let’s go indoors and have something to eat.
 There is an outdoor concert tonight in the park .
 Since it was raining, we chose an indoor activity .
10. in order to 为了…,以便… 否定结构：in order not to …
so as to… 为了…
否定结构为： so as not to…
in order to 和so as to引导目的状语的区别:
in order to引导目的状语，可以位于句首或句末。so
as to 引导的母的状语只能位于句末，可以和 in
order to互换 。
 In order to pass the exam, I studied very hard.
 I got up early this morning so as to/ in order to catch the early train.
为了赶早班火车，我今天早晨起的很早。 In order to hear more clearly, we moved to the  ___________ front row (前排). 为了听得更清楚，我们挪到了前排。 so as not to/ in order not to be  He ran quickly _________________________ late for school. 他跑的很快, 为了上学不迟到。
11. face to face
face-to-face interview 面对面的采访 ⑴ I want to talk to you face to face.
⑵ They chatted online and never had a face-to-face conversation.
⑶ The boy and his father sat face to face.
12. get along with
get along (well) with sb
get along (well) with sth 表示事情的进展顺利 ⑴ I’m getting along well with my work.
⑵ we should get along well with classmates and teachers when we are studying at school.
13. grateful adj.
be grateful to sb be grateful for sth
对某人心存感激 对某事心存感激 因某事对某人心存感激
be grateful to sb for sth
⑴ Frank said that he was grateful for your help.
⑵ I am grateful to my parents for their support.
14. Join和join in的用法区别：
加入党派，团体组织，成为其中一员，就比如：参军， 入团，入党等用join 。 join the Party/Youth League/army/club/organization… 入党/入团/参军/加入俱乐部/加入组织… Join后面可以接人称代词，表示和某人一起做某事。 join sb in doing sth He’ll join us in singing the song.
Come and join them in the discussion.
比赛等用join in。 join in a game/discussion/conversation/walk…
He ask us to join in the basketball game. Why didn’t you join in the talk last night?
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