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Unit 4 Cartoons and comic strips 课件7(牛津深圳版八年级下册)_图文

一般现在时的被动语态: am/is/are done Basketball is played by people all over the world. 一般过去时的被动语态: was/were done A party was held (by them) last Sunday. 一般将来时的被动语态: will/shall be+done You will be fined if you go wrong 现在完成时的被动语态: have / has + been + done The bridge has been built for two years. must Rubbish __________ be thrown __________________ into the bin. must throw should be cooked Food _________________ before eating. should cook The classroom should be cleaned ________________________ every day. should clean The exit may be stuck ________________________ on the side door. may stick (粘贴) RULE 1 We use ‘____________________’ modal verbs + be + past participle to form the passive voice with modal verbs(情态动词). Passive voice with modal verbs (can, may, must and should) e.g. The work can be finished in an hour. Subject Modal verb I You/We/They He/She/It Past participl Can (may, must, should) helped. be Can (may, must, should) be Can (may, must, should) be 含有情态动词的被动语态结构为: 肯定式: 主语+ can / may / must / should / + be+动词过去分词 否定式:主语+ can / may / must / should + not + be + 动词过去分词 一般疑问句结构: Can / May / Must / Should + 主语+ be +动词过去分词? 树木已经被砍伐了(cut down Trees have been cut down. ___________________________ 河水已经被污染了(pollute) Water in the river has been ___________________________ polluted. 米饭已经做好了. Rice has been cooked already. ________________ ________________ 画已经画好了. The picture has been drawn __________________ already. __________________ RULE 2 现在完成时被动语态肯定句 主语+has/ have been +V.P.P.+...(V.P.P.=动词的过 去分词形式) Her motorbike has been stolen. 她的摩托车被盗了。 ?现在完成时被动语态否定句 ?主语+has/ have +not+ been+ V. P.P. +... ?The task has not been finished yet. ?任务尚未完成。 RULE 2 现在完成时被动语态一般疑问句 [句型1] Has he (she, it,单数名词)+been+ V.P.P.+... [句型2] Have we ( you , they,复数名词) + been + V.P.P. +….? Has a new computer been bought? 买了一台新电脑吗? Have they been sent abroad to study English? 他们已经被派往国外学英语了吗? RULE 2 现在完成时被动语态特殊疑问句 疑问词+have (has)+主语+been+ P.P.+...? What has been bought by Tom? 汤姆已经买了什么东西? Who have been helped by the new computer? 谁已经得到这种新计算机的帮助? How many buildings have been built in this school? 这所学校已经建造了多少座大楼? Where has the car been repaired? 这辆小汽车已经在哪里修理好了? Summary 1. We use ‘____________’ or has been have been ‘_______________’ + past participle to form the passive voice in the present perfect tense.(现在完成时) modal verbs + be + past 2. We use ‘____________________’ participle to form the passive voice with modal verbs.(情态动词) Practice Turn the following into the Pa

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