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2010 年高考英语复习精典素材――2.历年高考完形填空常 用词汇总结
动词类: 1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 stare 好奇地看/ glare 瞪着看 see a film watch TV talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的

2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 交流 Say sth 诉说的内容

speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做 repeat 重复 explain 解释 warn 警告

Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 某事 Bargain 讨价还价

chat 聊天

remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论

figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称

mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 吵 4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 5“答” answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气 quarrel 大

6 “听” listen to 听的动作 hear 听的结果

7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 drop a line 写信 draw 画 take down/write down 写下,记下 8“拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 去 9“抓” lift 举 hold 举着 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch 拿来拿

Put 放 lay 铺/放置 pull 拉/push 推

take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到 blow 吹刮

10“打” hit 一次性的打击 attack 攻击

11“扔” throw 扔 drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇 12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 in one’s arms

13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠

/embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲
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15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进

16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach take a nap 打盹 stay in bed have a rest rest

be asleep bend turn over 翻身

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing 19 “哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying

20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明 discover/explore 发现/探索 hunt for search for seek / seek for search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 Check 检查,核实 21“穿” examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up 化装 in search of 寻找 Search sb 搜身

put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 get changed 换衣服 be in red

Take off 脱 remove 去除

22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste treat sb to 请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess 24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) die 25“有” have die off 相继死去 有 die away 逐渐消失 great loss

own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone

26“无” nothing left 27“增/减”

rise / go up /drop

人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease 28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay Bill / cheque / pay off pay for sell on sale bargain

cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts live show turn up

29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive Disappear die die out

pass away be out of sight go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without negative ( reform

30 “变化” develop improve become grow

adj.) turn + colour change /change into

31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize

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Understand 32“成功/失败”make it Lose remember be familiar with

recall recite apply to

succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality

fail to do

33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of

35 赞美/批评 praise think highly of / criticize /scold sb. for sth. 36 喜/恶

like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer Dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off

enjoy in favor of 37 判断

think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for

38 到达 arrive at

on one’s way to

upon one’s arrival on doing sth get burnt suffer from

39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin 41 修复 break down

be broken crash

repair rebuild restore fix

recover oneself refuse turn down

42 支持/反对 agree disagree be against elect 43 做饭

accept receive vote for/ against

cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker

44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth

persuade 说服

Sb+afford +n/to do sth

It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth 46 省/存钱 47 参加 save /save up set aside put away join /join in charge sb. With

sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense spare no effort/ time

take part in

attend compete in/ for/against

48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out

save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of sth

Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor of

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51 逃避 ran away escape from flee hide


52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth

forbid doing sth. Ban prohibit solve settle

53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn

54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out burst out go off 55 安装/装备 explosion

fasten fix set equip be equipped with 装备有

be armed with 用什么武装

56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 think over 仔细考虑 58 打算 be concerned 担心 be consider towards sb.


plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do seem appear look like as if as though

59 似乎/好象

60 开办/关闭 open start set up 名词类“

close/close up end close down

1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking

3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard bill order tip fork and knife tray napkin

4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu reserve /book table

Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit

5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature fever/flu/headache doctor physician 6 车站/机场 airport on board

take medicine/pills have a surgeon specialist patient meet sb.

miss the train/bus catch a train

7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist 8 意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy

9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable

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10 优缺点 advantage 11 目标 disadvantage strength weakness belief faith approach


aim goal intention purpose

12 方式 means method way manner

13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction journal 日志 diary 日记 Files article magazine newspaper

form make a list of

16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match 18 建议/观点 advice game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony suggestion idea proposal view recommandation

19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to 22 感觉 23 情感 regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯例(名词)

sight hearing touch smell sense feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow be rich/well-off

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond 25 运动比赛 on the playground sports player on the track and filed judge jogging pitch

event game match


weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/

26 衣服

clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of

27 事件

incident, accident

incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused

悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful

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烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid 失望 desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed


满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further …. 易考的近义词组 Run/ manage Hit/ beat/strike grow/ plant meet/ satisfy leave/remain touch /feel fit/ suit/ match play /performer hardly/ hard extremely/ very far / by far very/ quite

occasionaly/ once

better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus

Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue


help/work/ do money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide

matter/ problem /trouble/ that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/

treat/ cure/ operate

Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold

turn/become/go change/vary/range

Provide/supply/offer/ give/send

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