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Unit 5 word study 1. roll vt&vi&n. a) 词义的理解 The ball rolled down the hill. A roll of carpet/cloth/film Rock ‘n’ roll 2. folk adj. a) 词义的理解 Chinese folk art Folk music/classical music 3. musician n. a) 词根及派生: n. adj. 4. pretend vt. a) 习惯搭配用法 b) 最常用: The boy pretended (read) when his mother came in. c) 否定 He pretended ___________ (hear) me when I called him. My parents pretended ________ (not know) the results yet. 5. attach vt. a) 词根及派生 n. b) 短语用法: attach…to… attach importance/value/significance to… 6. form vt.& n. a) 名词的短语 in the form of in good form out of form out of shape b) 动词的短语 form the habit of… 7. passer-by n. a) 复数(pl): b) 类似词汇: 旁观者 嫂子 主编 8. earn vt. a) 词根及派生 earnings n.

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b) 动词的短语 =make a living earn one’s living extra adj. a) 读音,拼写 extra pay for extra work perform vt. a) 词根及派生 n. 工资,收入,薪水 n. 表演者 actor n. a) 同源词汇 n. 女演员 b) 类似词汇 waiter--waitress rely vi. a) 介词搭配 b) 短语搭配 rely on sb. to do sth rely on sb. for sth. rely on it that… broadcast vi&vt. a) 形式变化 humorous adj. a) 词根及派生 n. b) 短语 幽默感 familiar adj. a) 与 similar be similar to b) 跟介词 to, with 的不同含义 be familiar with be familiar to or so a) 与 about 的异同 about _____________________________ or so ______________________________ break up a) break 短语小结 break away from break down break in break into break out

18. attractive adj. a) 词根及派生 vt. 吸引某人的注意力 n. 19. addition n. a) 词根及派生 vt. b) 短语小结 add to… add…to… add up to c) in addition to 的近义短语 as well as… apart from… 20. confident adj. a) 词根或派生 n. 21. brief adj. a) 词根或派生 adv. b) 短语 a brief introduction c) in brief 与 in short in brief in short 22. devotion n. a) 词根或派生 vt b) 动词短语 devote one’s life/effort/time/oneself to… 23. afterwards adv. a) 词义 b) 与 later 的区别 Afterwards:____________________ Later:________________________ c) –wards 后缀的理解 d) 类似词汇的词义 backwards upwards downwards eastwards forwards 24. beard n.

a) 胡子的表达 Beard Moustache [m?stɑ:? n. ? ] 25. sensitive adj. a) 词根及派生 n. 感觉 vt.觉得,感觉到 b) Sensitive 与 sensible sensible adj. 26. painful adj. a) 词根或派生 n. adj. 无痛苦的 27. above all a) all 短语 after all in all at all first of all

Grammar: prep + whom/which attributive clauses 1. 定语从句中的关系词选择表格 先行词 人 物 在定语从句中的成分 主语 宾语 主语 宾语 2. 从句中的介词提至关系词前的变化理解 There was Tom, _______ I have been waiting for for an hour. →:____________________________________________. He handed me a pen, ______ I wrote down his phone. →:_____________________________________________ 3. 介词后的关系词选择 先行词是人,介词后的关系词只能用____________. 先行词是物,介词后的关系词只能用____________. 4. 介词的确定方法 a) 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯来确定介词。 i. In front of my house, there is a tree, ____ which some birds are singing. b) 根据定语从句中的短语来确定。 i. He is the model from whom we should learn. c) 根据定语从句所表达的意义来确定介词。 i. Air, without which man can’t live, is really important. 5. 介词+关系代词=关系副词(when, why, where…) 关系词

I often think of the moment, at which I saw the UFO. I will never forget the time, in which I studied in Britain. The police searched the house in which the thief had stayed. I don’t know the reason for which the house is so dirty.

Sentences:
1. Their fans, without whom the Beatles would not have been so famous, at last caused problems for them. Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed. a. 第一句中的虚拟语气 没有他的帮助,我完不成这个任务。 without his help, i would not have finished the task. 没有 Freddy,他早就死了。 without Freddy, he would have died earlier. b. Not…without 双重否定 没有空气,人就活不了。 people can't live without air. 2. Freddy and his band realized that they must leave the country before it became too painful for them. a. Before 复习 大火持续了 5 个小时才被控制住。 我得把它写下来,免得忘记了。 还没等他来得及跑,车子已经撞上他了。 没过多久,警察就抓住了小偷。 还要过很久,我才能到美国去。 3. Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but talked as if they were close friends. As if a. 与 even if b. 引导的方式状语从句 她看起来似乎要哭了。 他走的很慢,好像腿受伤了。 她待他犹如陌生人。 看来要下雨了。 4.


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