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大学英语之基础英语综合教程第二册Unit 1 Key to Exercises


Key to exercises: Vocabulary exercises: I. Explain the italicized part in each sentence in your own words. 1. in flames = burning 2. a matter of geography = something, a situation or a circumstance, that is dependent on one’s location the building 3. off and on = in an intermittent manner 4. give you a hand = help you 5. so far, so good = things are satisfactory up to this point II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. 1. scoffed 2. dilemma 3. collapsed 4. pandemonium 5. reassuring 6. rumble 7. glancing at 8. meet up with III. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words. 1. panicky 2. descends / descended 3. enjoyable 4. expectation 5. morality 6. persuasion 7. strong 8. energetic IV. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part in each sentence without changing its original meaning. 1. A 2. D 3. C 4. B 5. D 6. C 7. A 8. D V. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. VI.

amoral, nonmoral disappear wildly uncover, disclose, reveal dissuade (talk sb. out of sth.) happily, joyfully, joyously ordinary, common small, thin, slender

Write in each space the adjective form of each given word. 蓝色为添加部分 1. helpful / helpless 2. childish / childlike / childless / childly / childing 3. active / actable / acting 4. persistent 5. revolutionary / revolutionized 6. successful / successive 7. womanly / womanlike / womanish 8. ladylike

Grammar exercises: I. Complete the following sentences with would when appropriate. Use used to whenever would is not suitable. 1. would 2. would 3. used to, would 4. used to 5. used to 6. used to 7. would 8. would 9. used to 10. would, would ,would II. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Fill in the blanks with used to (do) or be used to (doing). used to travel was not used to accepting was not used to receiving used to think used to living used to say didn’t use to eat

III. Explain the meaning of would in the following sentences. 1. insistence

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

habitual action probability willingness probability polite request improbability capability

IV. Complete the following sentences using would, should, could or might. 1. could would might, might should might 2. could / would should could might could would 3. should should would would could V. Complete the following sentences with needn’t have done or didn’t need to do. 1. needn’t have carried 2. needn’t have bought 3. didn’t need to tell 4. needn’t have had 5. needn’t have stood 6. didn’t need to hurry 7. didn’t need to open 8. didn’t need to take 9. needn’t have washed 10. didn’t need to work Translation exercises: I. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1. 对有些人来说,生死攸关的是此时此刻他们所在的位置——不仅是哪栋 楼,哪一层,更重要的是大楼的哪个角落。 2. 周围噪声震耳,烟雾弥漫,火星四溅,Mayblum 没有意识到,他的朋友 Hong Zhu 始终就在他身后的楼梯井里。

3. 她一点一点地拼出了 Harry 逃生的场景: 飞机撞击时, 他正在第 87 层楼。 4. 但是,尽管他绞尽了脑汁,问了无数问题,她拼出的场景还是在第 36 层 上逐渐模糊了。 II. Translate each of the following sentences into English, using the word or phrase given in the bracket. Inflect the word or phrase where necessary. 1. Thanks to modern technology, the film about that ancient battle gives the audience the illusion of being on the battlefield themselves. 2. That ancient city was devastated by the fire, but fortunately the stone tablet survived. 3. The videotape and the story by the woman filled them with sympathy for the child who had become an orphan in the earthquake. 4. In that earthquake, we heard many stories of teachers who had refused to leave their students behind and laid down their lives. 5. The construction of the Yu Yuan Garden began in 1558, but it was not completed until 1578 because building went off and on for lack of money. 6. In 1980, when I met up with her, she had just returned from abroad with a master’s degree. 7. It was my first visit to New York, but I managed to find my way to the little firm. 8. It is hard to make it to the top in the movie industry, but as a director Xie Jin did it. Exercises for integrated skills: I. Dictation With hope of finding more survivors / of Turkey’s devastating earthquake / now all but gone, / the Turkish authorities are turning their attention / to caring for those who have survived. A full-scale relief effort / in the area hit by the earthquake / is finally beginning after days of confusion. / Turkish and foreign volunteers / have been joined by soldiers and the police, / and heavy equipment /sent by nearby cities and by private companies / has been moved to almost every victimized town. The Minister of Housing estimated that / 60,000 buildings had been either destroyed / or seriously damaged in the quake. / It is hoped that / within a few days, / many of the homeless / will be moved / out of the fields and tents / where they were now living. / 42 countries and 38 international organizations / have sent aid to Turkey. / The World Bank had sent $200 million / for housing construction. II. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate. 1. escape 2. of / about 3. named / called 4. little / no 5. fell

6. over 7. station 8. as 9. ground 10. time 11. left 12. expecting 13. sure 14. down 15. rebuild Writing: Chandler’s looks: 2, 5, 11, 15, 16 Chandler’s character: 6, 8, 9, 10, 12 Chandler’s interests: 1, 3, 4, 7, 13, 14 Exercise: Write three paragraphs that respectively focus on Chandler’s looks, character, and interests. Feel free to add details about this imaginary student. 1. Chandler’s looks Sample: Chandler’s unusual appearance helps me to recognize him from a hundred yards away. He tends to walk with his shoulders back and chin stuck out in front, and he is quite tall for his age, which makes him stand out among his classmates. His dark hair is always combed back but is fairly short and not too wavy, and his eyes have a sort of half-twinkling, half-questioning look. He likes to wear dark shirts. 2. Chandler’s character Sample: Chandler is not very outgoing. He is friendly to newcomers but does not go out of his way to make new friends. When with people, he lets others start the conversation, and will laugh at their jokes but seldom tells any himself. He seldom sings songs in public, only humming or whistling alone as he walks. Even when he feels bored in class, he will show it with politeness. 3. Chandler’s interests Sample: Chandler is the artistic rather than athletic or intellectual type. He likes collecting stamps and enjoys making posters. Favoring music, he often spends hours at home playing records. He also plays trumpet in the band. In contrast, he hates math very much and does not go in much for sports either.


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