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2017-2018学期高中英语Unit3UnderstandingeachotherSectionⅠ课件牛津译林版选修6_图文

Unit 3 Understanding each other

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
世界上有不同的国家和民族, 也就有不同的文化。不同国家和 地区的文化差异使得这个世界丰富多彩!
The cultural differences between the East and the West

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
It is known that there are a lot of cultural differences between the East and the West.Let’s take China and America for example.There are many differences in many aspects in the two countries,for example,the diet customs and the teaching systems.There is no doubt that it is a tradition to use chopsticks for Chinese.But people in America prefer forks and knives.This is based on different food they like.Americans choose to eat beefsteak,bread and salad,while Chinese people choose noodles,pancakes and rice.The customs of drinking tea in China and drinking coffee in America are particularly1 different.However,there is a trend2 that the food in both countries has gradually been mixed.For example,the coffee and bread have been introduced to China.

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
The famous KFC is very popular with children in China.In addition,the gap of teaching systems between China and America is very big.Chinese students are under great pressure,who always complain about their homework.Too much homework has limited3 the time to exercise and relax.They have to recite many things as to get a high mark.Homework comes the first to them.In my opinion,the study in America is more interesting and relaxing.The students in America often take part in a lot of activities because the teachers pay attention to training students’ skills in realistic life,not emphasizing4 the importance of memories.In addition,the rate of going to school,the salary5 of teaching and the jobs of graduates are quite different,too.
If we learn something about cultural differences,we will understand each better in the world.

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
译文 东西方的文化差异
众所周知,东西方的文化之间有很多差异。以中国和美国为例。 两国之间的文化差异体现在很多方面,比如在饮食传统和教育方面。 毋庸置疑,对中国人来说,使用筷子是一个传统,但是美国人更喜欢 用刀叉,这是由他们喜欢的食物而决定的。美国人喜欢吃牛排、面 包和沙拉,而中国人则喜欢吃面条、烙饼和米饭。中国人喝茶和美 国人喝咖啡的习惯尤其不同。然而,两国的食物有渐渐融合的趋势, 例如,咖啡和面包被引入中国。

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
著名的肯德基在中国深受儿童的喜爱。此外,中美两国的教育方 面也存在着很大的差距。中国学生压力很大,他们经常抱怨作业太 多。繁重的家庭作业限制了他们运动和休息的时间。为了得高分 他们不得不背诵很多东西。对于他们来说,作业通常占第一位。在 我看来,美国学生的学习更有趣和轻松。相比起强调记忆的重要性, 美国老师更注重训练学生实际生活中的技巧,因而美国学生经常参 加很多活动。此外,两国中的升学率,教职人员的薪水和毕业生的 工作也有很多差异。
如果我们了解一些关于文化差异的知识,我们就能更好地认识各 个国家。

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
1.particularly [p??tIkj?l?lI]adv. 尤其,特别 2.trend [trend]n.趋势 3.limit [?lImIt] v.限制 4.emphasize [?emf?saIz] v.强调 5.salary [?s?l?rI] n.薪水

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
The students in America often take part in a lot of activities because the teachers pay attention to training students’ skills in realistic life,not emphasizing the importance of memories.
句意:相比起强调记忆的重要性,美国老师更注重训练学生实际 生活中的技巧,因而美国学生经常参加很多活动。
剖析:本句是一个复合句。because引导原因状语从句;“not emphasizing the importance of memories”是动词-ing短语作状语。

词海拾贝 难句剖析 理解诱思
1.Why do Chinese use chopsticks while Americans use forks and knives while they are eating?
A.Because Chinese like chopsticks best. B.Because Americans like forks and knives best. C.Because Chinese can’t use forks and knives well. D.Because they eat different kinds of food. 答案:D 2.If you are a student,next month you’ll go to America to study.Before you go,what will you learn about America? 答案:The answers may vary,such as language,food and money.

Section Ⅰ Welcome to the unit & Reading

一二三四
一、写作词汇 预习Reading部分的词汇,完成下列小对话或语段。 1.—Who greeted (和某人打招呼) you when we were at the airport? —One of my old friends. 2.—When will their wedding (婚礼)take place? —The day after tomorrow. 3.—Why do you often mistake Mary for Lily? —Because they are twins and they are alike (相像). 4.—What is the player doing now? —He is hugging (拥抱)his coach.

一二三四
5.My friend had a party in celebration (庆祝) of his success yesterday.I came up to him and congratulated (祝贺)him on his success.One of our friends left the party earlier.She meant no
offence (冒犯),but her parents didn’t allow her to arrive home too late.
6.Their wedding took place in a large hall last week.No one was permitted (允许) to enter the hall without an invitation.All the guests were waiting there.Then the bridegroom (新郎)and the
bride (新娘) entered the hall with the sweet music around them.At that point,happiness was throughout (遍及) every corner of the hall!

一二三四

二、阅读词汇

预习Reading部分的词汇,写出画线部分的汉语意思。 At the reception 1. 招待会 yesterday I met one of my

friends.When he heard that I would go abroad,he asked me to try to be

familiar 2. 熟悉的 with foreign cultures,which would ensure 3.

确保

that I could understand others well.He said I should

adjust 4. 调整 myself so that I could be accustomed 5.

习惯于

to the life there in a short time.

一二三四

三、阅读课文Cultural differences,选择正确答案

1.Ma Li came to the chat room to

.

A.make some new friends

B.look for some native English teachers

C.collect some information

D.practise English

答案:C

2.To some Westerners,it is

not to open the present as

soon as you get it.

A.polite B.friendly

C.common D.impolite

答案:D

一二三四

3.If you went to a wedding in

any alcohol.

A.the USA B.the UK

C.Italy

D.Brunei

答案:D

,you would not expect

一二三四
四、下面一段文章是课文原文的浓缩,仔细阅读并根据课文内容 将其补充完整
Cultural differences Ma Li has to do her homework on cultural differences.So she goes to the student center 1. to interview (interview) others and find some information she needs. People in the UK and the USA do 2. the same thing when they get presents.They like to open them as soon as they 3. get (get) them,so it is rude not to open a present when someone gives it to you.There are many 4. differences (differ) in wedding ceremony.In Korea,guests are usually surprised 5. to find (find) that they have a live hen and a rooster which 6. are supposed (suppose) to drive bad spirits away 7. from the wedding ceremony.

一二三四
In Brunei,a male guest has to sit with the bridegroom and the other men and a female guest has to be with the bride and the other women in a different area.In 8. addition (add),in many countries people point with their first finger. 9. While you are in Brunei,you should point with your thumb instead of your first finger,which can cause 10. offence (offend).But what is really interesting is that there are sometimes great cultural differences even between native English speakers.So remember when in Rome,do as the Romans do.

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1.Roosters are supposed to drive bad spirits away from the wedding ceremony,and hens are thought to ensure good luck for the marriage.(P34)
公鸡被认为是用来辟邪的,而母鸡则被认为能给婚姻带来好运。 ★考点一:be supposed to do sth.被期望、要求做某事,应该做某 事 ①You are supposed to make a copy of the contract before you email it. 你在发送合同前应该先复印一份。 ②This isn’t what we’re supposed to be discussing. 这不是我们要进行讨论的东西。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义

③I suppose that she must be delighted about getting the job.

我料想她得到这个工作一定很高兴。

词性

动词

含义 料想;猜想

④Supposing that you won the prize,what would you do with the

money?

假如你得了这个奖,你会怎么处置这些钱? 词组 supposing that... 含义 假如……

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be supposed to do sth.被期望、要求做某事,应该做某事 supposing/ suppose that...假如…… I suppose so.我认为是这样。 ★考点二:ensure vt. 保证;担保;确定 ⑤I cannot ensure his being here on time. 我不能保证他能按时来这里。 ⑥No one can ensure that he will come here on time. 没人能保证他会按时来到这里。 ⑦These pills should ensure you a good night’s sleep. 服下这些药丸可保你睡一宿好觉。

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易混辨析 assure,ensure,guarantee和insure 这组词都含有“保证”之意。 assure 表示向某人保证某事一定会发生(含有让某人放心之意); ensure 表示确定、保证、确保某种行为一定会发生; guarantee 表示对某事物的品质或人的行为“提出担保”,对事物、 商品等无质量、性能等方面的欺诈行为作出保证; insure 表示保险,投保(纯粹经济意义)。
ensure sth.确保某事 ensure that...确保…… ensure sb.sth.确保某人某事

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2.During the ceremony,the hen laid an egg,and everyone congratulated the new couple because it was considered very lucky.(P34)
在婚礼期间,母鸡下了一个蛋,这被看作是非常幸运的事,大家都 祝贺这一对新人。
★考点:congratulate vt. 祝贺,庆祝 ①The Chinese people congratulated the Chinese Women Volleyball Team on their great victory in 2015. 中国人民向中国女排在2015年取得的成功表示祝贺。 ②I congratulated myself on my narrow escape that day. 我庆幸自己那天能死里逃生。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性及含义

③I’d like to offer my congratulations to her on her success.

我想向她祝贺她的成功。

词性

名词

含义

祝贺

congratulate sb.on sth.就某事向某人祝贺 congratulate oneself on sth.就某事为自己感到庆幸 congratulation n.庆祝,祝贺(多用复数形式)

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3.Another difference is that while we serve food,soft drinks,tea and coffee,alcohol is not permitted at the wedding reception—in fact,alcohol is altogether prohibited in Brunei.(P34)
还有一个不同点是:婚宴上我们供应食物、软饮料、茶和咖啡, 但婚宴上不允许喝酒——事实上,酒在文莱被禁止饮用。
★考点一:permit vt. & vi. 允许;准许 n.许可证 ①The large window permits light to enter the room. 大窗户能让光线进入屋内。 ②The old man is said to have a hunting permit. 据说,这个老人有狩猎许可证。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义

③【高考典句】 (2015天津高考)Students living in buildings that

have kitchens are only permitted to cook in the kitchen.

住在有厨房的楼里的学生只允许在厨房里做饭。 词组 be permitted to do sth. 含义 被允许做某事

④The man said that they didn’t permit smoking here.

这个人说,这里禁止吸烟。 词组 permit doing sth. 含义 允许做某事

⑤You can’t enter the library without permission.

没有许可,你不能进入图书馆。

词性 名词

含义

许可

词组 without permission 含义 没有许可

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⑥Who gave you permission to leave class early?

谁准许你提前离开课堂的? 词组 give permission 含义

给予许可

⑦If you want to take photos here,you must ask permission from

the gardener.

如果你想在这里拍照,你必须请求园艺师的许可。 词组 ask permission from sb. 含义 请求某人的许可

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注意 permit可用作名词,意为:许可证; 而permission 也是名词,意 为:许可,允许。
be permitted to do sth.被允许做某事 permit doing sth.允许做某事 permission n.准许,许可 without permission没有许可 give permission 给予许可 ask permission from sb.请求某人的许可

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★考点二:prohibit vt. (尤指以法令)禁止 ⑧We are prohibited from drinking alcohol during working hours. 工作时间内我们不允许喝酒。 ⑨【高考典句】 (2015天津高考)Please note that any prohibited items will be taken away by the Office of Residence Life. 请记住:任何被禁止的物品都会被宿管带走。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义 ⑩The rule prohibited doctors from advertising their services. 这个规定禁止医生为医疗服务做广告。 词组 prohibit sb.from doing sth. 含义 禁止某人做某事

11.Environmental groups want a total prohibition on throwing

rubbish everywhere.

环境组织想完全禁止乱扔垃圾。

词性 名词

含义

词组 a prohibition on sth. 含义

禁止 关于某事的禁令

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易混辨析 forbid和prohibit (1)forbid指的是直接或是私自下令或者制定规则来禁止。 Not only was he forced to stay at home,but he was also forbidden to watch TV. 他不仅被强迫待在家里,而且还被禁止看电视。 The driver was at a loss when the word came that he was forbidden to drive after drinking alcohol. 当司机听到禁止在酒后驾驶的消息时,他不知所措。 (2)prohibit 指的是法律或者正式的规则禁止。 The government prohibited exploiting minerals personally. 政府禁止私人开采矿藏。

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prohibit sb.from doing sth.禁止某人做某事 prohibition n.禁止 a prohibition on sth.关于某事的禁令

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4.That’s because we play loud drums to celebrate the wedding for hours afterwards,and sometimes even throughout the night!(P34-35)因为婚宴之后我们要连续好几个小时鼓声喧天地庆 祝婚礼——有时候甚至要击鼓一个通宵!
★考点:throughout prep.自始至终;贯穿整个时期 ①【高考典句】 (2015重庆高考)Stores notice that the smell of baked goods encourages shopping,so they make their own bread each morning and then fan the bread smell into the store throughout the day. 商店注意到,烤制食物的香味会鼓励顾客购买,于是他们每天早 上制作自己的面包,然后用风扇让店里整天飘着面包的香味。 ②The baby cried throughout the night. 婴儿哭了整整一个晚上。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性及含义

③He was caught in the rain and was wet throughout.

他碰上大雨,全身湿透了。

词性

副词

含义 整个地

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5.Well,you know in many countries people point with their first finger.However,in Brunei that can cause offence,so we use our thumb to point.(P35)
嗯,你知道,在很多国家人们用食指来指东西。但在文莱这样做 却会冒犯别人,所以我们用大拇指来指东西。
★考点:offence n.冒犯;侮辱 ①【高考典句】 (2015福建高考)I wouldn’t scold anyone for deciding to party on weekends and in turn I wouldn’t expect anyone to give offence to me for focusing on my health. 我不想因为决定周末开派对而责备任何人,反过来,我也不想任 何人集中于我的健康问题而冒犯我。 ②I am sorry,but I mean no offence. 对不起,我无意冒犯。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义 ③【高考典句】 (2015湖南高考)Yes,many cyclists behave

dangerously.Many drivers are disrespectful of cyclists.But pedestrians

are probably the worst offenders.

是的,很多骑车的人行为太危险了。很多司机不尊重骑车的人。

但是行人们或许是最糟糕的冒犯者。

词性

名词

含义 罪犯;冒犯者

④They avoided saying anything that might offend their audience.

他们避免说任何冒犯观众的话。

词性

动词

含义

冒犯

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⑤He was not aware that he had committed an offence.

他没意识到自己犯罪了。

词组 commit an offence 含义

犯罪

⑥I’m not surprised she took offence at his remarks.

她对他的话感到生气,对此我一点也不奇怪。

词组 take offence 含义

生气

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易混辨析 crime,guilt和offence这三个名词均含有“犯法,犯罪,罪恶”之意。 (1)crime指严重的违法行为或罪行。 His addiction to drugs propelled him towards a life of crime. 吸毒成瘾使他走上了犯罪的道路。 (2)guilt多用于指违反道德或社会标准的不法行为,含应予惩办之 意。这种惩办是以证据为根据的。 The king was infamous for his guilt of many infamies. 那个国王因罪恶多端而臭名昭著。

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(3)offence使用较广,可泛指对任何规则、道德标准、法律、纪律 等的违反与触犯,其罪行可重可轻。
He suffered for his offence. 他因自己的过错而受到惩罚。
offence n. 冒犯;侮辱 offender n.冒犯者;罪犯 offend vt. 冒犯 commit an offence犯罪 take offence生气

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6.It’s quite funny watching the new foreign teachers trying to adjust to doing that.(P35)
看新来的外教努力学这个动作的样子很是滑稽。 ★考点一:it在本句中作形式主语,真正的主语是watching the new foreign teachers trying to adjust to doing that。动词-ing形式 作主语时,常用于以下句式: It is/was no use/no good/no fun/funny doing sth. 做某事没有用/没有好处/没有乐趣/好笑。 ①It is (of) no use talking with him. 跟他说没用。 ②It’s useless arguing with them. 跟他们争论是徒劳无益的。

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★考点二:adjust vi.& vt. 适应;习惯;调整,调节 ③【高考典句】 (2015重庆高考)For example,the moment you get on the airplane,start adjusting your biological block to the destination’s time. 例如,你一上飞机,就要开始照着目的地的时间来调节生物钟。 ④The watch must be adjusted,for it is slow now. 这个手表必须调整一下,因为现在慢了。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义

⑤He adjusted himself quickly to the climate of the country.

他很快使自己适应了这个国家的气候。 词组 adjust oneself to... 含义 使某人适应于……

⑥It is an adjustable chair,and I think it is worth buying.

这是一把可调节的椅子,我认为值得买。

词性 形容词

含义 可调节的

⑦We will make an adjustment as necessary.

我们会根据需要进行调整。

词性 名词

含义

调整

词组 make an adjustment 含义 作出调整

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易混辨析 adapt和adjust 两者均强调调整自身以适应新的环境或新的需要,且都能和反身 代词和介词to连用。 (1)adapt是指适应大变化,侧重多方位、心理、社会等因素的协 调。 (2)adjust是指微调,侧重对事物物理因素的调整。 She lacks the ability to adapt quickly. 她缺乏迅速适应的能力。
Adjusting to the tropical heat was more difficult than I had expected. 适应热带的酷热比我原先想象的要困难。

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adjust to...适应;调整 adjust oneself to...使某人适应…… adjustable adj. 可调节的;可调整的 adjustment n.调整 make an adjustment 作出调整

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7.Many foreigners have trouble getting accustomed to it.(P35) 许多外国人很难适应这种做法。 ★考点一:have trouble (in) doing sth.做某事有困难。相当于 have difficulty (in) doing sth.。 ①They had much trouble in getting in touch with him. 他们费了很大的力气才与他取得联系。 ②We had some trouble in expressing ourselves then. 当时我们表达自己时遇到了困难。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的相关词组及含义 ③My son has some trouble with his English. 我儿子学英语时遇到了困难。 词组 have trouble with... 含义 在某事上遇到了困难 ④Sorry we put you to such a lot of trouble. 真抱歉,我们给你带来这么多的麻烦。 词组 put sb.to trouble 含义 使某人处于麻烦中 ⑤He’s taken a lot of trouble to make the party go perfectly. 他花了很多心思使这个派对尽善尽美。 词组 take trouble to do sth. 含义 不辞劳苦地做某事

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⑥The horse got into trouble at the first fence. 那匹马在第一道围栏处出了麻烦。 词组 get into trouble 含义 陷入麻烦 ⑦Delaying this type of surgery is just asking for trouble. 这个手术拖延只会自找麻烦。 词组 ask for trouble 含义 自找麻烦
have trouble in doing sth.做某事有困难 have trouble with...在某事上遇到了困难 put sb.to trouble使某人处于麻烦中 take trouble to do sth.不辞劳苦地做某事 get into trouble陷入麻烦 ask for trouble自找麻烦

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★考点二:accustomed adj. 习惯的;通常的 ⑧My eyes slowly became accustomed to the dark. 我的眼睛慢慢适应了黑暗。 ⑨She was accustomed to having eight hours’ sleep a night. 她习惯了每晚睡八个小时。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义 ⑩It took a while for me to accustom myself to the new rules. 我花了好长一段时间才适应了新规定。 词性 动词 词组 accustom oneself to... 含义 使某人习惯于……

11.The other day she sat in the accustomed seat at the head of the

table.

不久前的一天,她坐在常坐的桌子上首位置。

词性 形容词

含义

惯常的

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accustom vt. 使习惯于…… accustom oneself to...使某人习惯于…… be accustomed to...习惯于…… accustomed adj. 惯常的

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8.Even though we share the same language—with different accents,of course—our customs are not always alike.(P35)
尽管我们的语言是相同的——当然口音不同——然而我们的风 俗并不总是相似。
★考点:alike adj. 相像的,十分相似的 adv. 十分相像地;同样地 ①You and your sister are very alike. 你和你姐姐很像。 ②The teacher treats all the students alike. 这位老师对所有学生一视同仁。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性、相关词组及含义

③Doesn’t the girl look like her father?

这个女孩看上去不像她父亲吗?

词组 look like

含义 看起来像……

④Tom and his brother Tony look alike.

汤姆和他弟弟托尼看起来很像。

词组 look alike

含义 看起来相像

⑤The climate here is always hot,summer and winter alike.

这里的气候总是那么热,夏季和冬季都一样。

词性 副词

含义

同样地

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⑥I think this team is likely to win the game.

我认为这个队会赢得比赛。

词性 形容词

含义 可能的

look like 看起来像 look alike 看起来相像 alike adj. 相像的 adv.同样地;相像地 likely adj. 可能的

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9.For example,I have fond childhood memories of Bonfire Night,but my American friends are not familiar with that particular festival.(P35)
例如:我有童年时篝火节的温馨回忆,但我的美国朋友对那个特 别的节日竟然不太了解。
★考点:familiar adj. 通晓;熟悉 ①And walking is an ideal form of exercise—the most familiar and natural of all. 散步是完美的运动形式——所有当中最熟悉和自然的。 ②Most people in the world are familiar with the pianist Lang Lang. 世界上的大多数人对钢琴家郎朗很熟悉。

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易混辨析 be familiar with和be familiar to (1)be familiar with“熟悉,通晓”,其主语通常是指人的名词,with的 宾语是主语通晓的事物。 (2)be familiar to“为……所熟悉”,其主语通常是人们所通晓的事 物,to 的宾语通常是指人的名词或代词。 I’m familiar with the poem.我熟悉这首诗。 His name is familiar to all of us.他的名字我们都很熟悉。
be familiar with...熟悉…… be familiar to...为……所熟悉

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10.Oh,it’s a celebration that takes place on November 5th every year.(P35)
噢,这是发生在每年十一月五日的庆祝活动。 ★考点:celebration n.庆典;庆祝活动 celebrate v.庆祝 ①【高考典句】 (2015北京高考)They played jazz music to celebrate their new home.The loud music filled the room and made them feel very happy. 他们演奏爵士乐来庆祝他们的新居。喧闹的音乐充满了房间,他 们很高兴。

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考点延伸

阅读下列句子,指出黑体单词的词性及含义 ②【高考典句】 (2015安徽高考)Food also plays an important role

in many New Year celebrations.

食物在新年的庆祝中起着重要作用。

词性

名词

含义

庆祝

易混辨析

celebrate和congratulate 这两个动词均有“庆祝,祝贺”之意。 celebrate通常指为庆祝而举行盛大隆重的仪式或纪念有意义的 日子或某件事情,多暗示节日般的欢乐场面。 congratulate指以祝贺他人为目的,希望他人幸福或走运。

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11.Well,it’s time for me to go.(P35) 好了,我该离开了。 ★考点:It is time for sb.to do sth.是某人做某事的时候了。 ①It is time for us to have a break. 该是我们休息的时间了。 ②It is time for them to make a change. 该是他们改变的时候了。 考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出黑体句式及含义 ③It is high time that we went to bed. 我们早该睡觉了。 句式 It is high time that...(从句中用一般过去时或者是should+do) 含义 早该……

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④It is the first time that I have been to Beijing. 那是我第一次去北京。 句式 It is the... time that...(从句中用现在完成时) 含义 某人第……做某事。 ⑤It was the second time that she had ridden a horse. 那是她第二次骑马了。 句式 It was the...time that...(从句用过去完成时) 含义 某人第……做某事。

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易错提示 (1)“It is/was+the+序数词+time+that sb.have/has/had done sth.”句 型中的that从句时态根据主句的be判断,谓语动词采用相应的时态。 主句为现在时,从句为现在完成时;主句为过去时,从句为过去完成 时。 (2)“It is (high) time+that 从句”中,从句采用虚拟语气。如果从句 谓语动词使用should do结构,should不能省略。 It is time that the train arrived. =It is time that the train should arrive. 该是火车到站的时间了。

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It is time to do sth.是时候做某事了。 It is (high) time (that) sb.did/should do sth.(早)该是某人做某事的 时间了。 It is/was+the+序数词+time+that sb.have/has/had done sth.某人是 第……次做某事。

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